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Articles 1 - 30 of 132

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Complementary Alternative Medicine: An Education Of Guided Self-Care In The Elderly Population For Management Of Chronic Conditions, Janice B. Gerber Apr 2021

Complementary Alternative Medicine: An Education Of Guided Self-Care In The Elderly Population For Management Of Chronic Conditions, Janice B. Gerber

Theses and Graduate Projects

The elderly population, specifically the residents in the Skilled Nursing Facility (SNF) or nursing homes, suffer from chronic conditions, many of which have a psychological and behavioral component. Conventional medicine treats the chronic conditions from one symptom to another through pharmacological interventions, which resulted in polypharmacy. Gathering evidenced-base practice of Complementary Alternative Medicine (CAM) will maximize opportunities for the elderly population to manage chronic conditions. The application of Parse’s Theory of Human Becoming (HBT) with self-guided education of CAM modalities in SNF explores the significant concepts of personal meaning, rhythmical patterns, and transcendence. Grounded on HBT, the self- guided ...


Withania Somnifera As A Potential Future Drug Molecule For Covid-19, Vivek K. Kashyap, Anupam Dhasmana, Murali M. Yallapu, Subhash C. Chauhan, Meena Jaggi Oct 2020

Withania Somnifera As A Potential Future Drug Molecule For Covid-19, Vivek K. Kashyap, Anupam Dhasmana, Murali M. Yallapu, Subhash C. Chauhan, Meena Jaggi

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

COVID-19 is an infection disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). COVID-19 is a mild to severe respiratory illness which has caused significant disruption to normal life over the past few months, nearly bringing parts of the world to a halt. As of 26 August 2020, more than 24 million COVID-19 infections have been reported and 821,000 deaths are associated with this disease [1]. According to the WHO (Geneva, Switzerland) and the US CDC (MD, USA), the clinical manifestation of COVID-19 is the presence of fever or chills, sore throat, dry cough, fatigue, muscle/body aches ...


Complementary And Alternative Medicine Use Among Latino College Students, Andrea Pineda Jun 2020

Complementary And Alternative Medicine Use Among Latino College Students, Andrea Pineda

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Objective: The objective of this study is to understand the need of CAM methods among college students.

Methods: The method used for this study was a secondary analysis of an anonymous cross-sectional survey. Students were asked different questions about their CAM uses and the reason behind them.

Results: 96.9%of students stated that they have use a form of CAM before. This shows how prevalent CAM is among college students. 47.5% of students rated their health average to below poor. It indicated how important it is to understand college students’ health and help them feel above average.

Conclusion ...


A Systematic Review: Effectiveness Of Complementary Therapies On Mental Status Of Pediatric Oncology Patients, Sara Fredricks, Jessica Lloyd, Whitney Wendling Jan 2020

A Systematic Review: Effectiveness Of Complementary Therapies On Mental Status Of Pediatric Oncology Patients, Sara Fredricks, Jessica Lloyd, Whitney Wendling

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Children with cancer frequently suffer from depression, anxiety, feelings of hopelessness, and psychological stresses related to knowledge of potential risks, associated treatments, and the illness itself. These psychological problems can cause many additional physiological problems for these already chronically ill patients and may be detrimental to their overall health. The purpose of this systematic review is to review and critically appraise the evidence to determine if the use of Complementary and Alternative Methods (CAM), along with standardized care, affects mental health outcomes in pediatric cancer patients. Twenty-one primary source publications between 2013 and 2019 were analyzed for this systematic review ...


Ancient Wisdom And Future Medicine: A Defense Of The Science Of Ayurveda, Michael Eatmon Jan 2020

Ancient Wisdom And Future Medicine: A Defense Of The Science Of Ayurveda, Michael Eatmon

Master of Liberal Studies Theses

A growing number of people turn to Ayurveda as a complement or an alternative to conventional Western medicine. What are they turning to—a genuine medical science or a patent pseudoscience? This paper claims that modern Ayurvedic medicine is a genuine science with a promising future.


Methods To Increase The Rate Of Childhood Vaccinating, Mary Beth Tillman Jan 2020

Methods To Increase The Rate Of Childhood Vaccinating, Mary Beth Tillman

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Vaccinations such as polio, diphtheria, varicella, and meningitis help to protect a child from life-threatening illnesses which have previously been contained by routine vaccinations. However, misinformation, negative press, and other contributing factors, have influenced caregivers to refuse to vaccinate their children placing the children at risk for contracting the disease. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends regular vaccinations for children beginning as newborns, yet the vaccination rate remains below acceptable levels. This project was developed to provide an educational program guided by Orem’s self-care theory and intended to increase nurses’ knowledge of vaccination and ultimately vaccination rates ...


Trust In Hospitals-Evidence From India, Vani S. Kulkarni, Veena S. Kulkarni, Raghav Gaiha Oct 2019

Trust In Hospitals-Evidence From India, Vani S. Kulkarni, Veena S. Kulkarni, Raghav Gaiha

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

Various explanations have been offered for outbursts of violence against doctors and other staff in India, drawing attention to growing supply-demand imbalance in healthcare, quality deterioration, overburdened doctors, weak security for medical staff, high expectations of patients who come in advanced stages of chronic and other illnesses, overcrowding of public hospitals with limited sanitary facilities. But underlying all these explanations is lack of trust in doctors and hospitals-especially public. Our focus here is on trust and its covariates over the period 2005-2012. The motivation stems from the fact that the existing evidence is patchy and scattered. Our aim, therefore, is ...


Health Insurance Program For The Poor, Out-Of-Pocket Costs, And Catastrophic Health Expenditures In India, Shyamkumar Sriram Oct 2019

Health Insurance Program For The Poor, Out-Of-Pocket Costs, And Catastrophic Health Expenditures In India, Shyamkumar Sriram

Theses and Dissertations

Background

India is currently taking steps to provide Universal Health Coverage (UHC) as envisaged in its National Health Policy 2017. Financial protection is considered the backbone of UHC. In India, OOP expenses accounts for about 62.6% of total health expenditure - one of the highest in the world. Out of 1.324 billion people in India, around 12.4% of the population is below the poverty line. Lack of health insurance coverage and inadequate coverage are important reasons for high OOP health expenditures. High OOP health expenditures push many households into poverty. The objective of this research is to examine ...


Mālama Nā Makua I Nā Keiki Me Ka Hānō: Native Hawaiian Parents Caring For Their Children With Asthma, (Part 2), May K. Kealoha, Sandra L. Sinclair, Karol K. Richardson Sep 2019

Mālama Nā Makua I Nā Keiki Me Ka Hānō: Native Hawaiian Parents Caring For Their Children With Asthma, (Part 2), May K. Kealoha, Sandra L. Sinclair, Karol K. Richardson

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Objective

Native Hawaiian children have the highest prevalence of asthma among all ethnicities in Hawai‘i. Mālama Part 2 describes continuing research, exploring contemporary native Hawaiian parents’ perspective and experience of caring for their children with asthma in the context of uncertainty while living on the islands of Hawaiʻi, Kauaʻi, Maui, Molokaʻi and Lānaʻi.

Design:

Descriptive qualitative approach by means of directed content analysis using focus groups was applied to this study. Eight open-ended questions elicited asthma history, asthma management, and how the Hawaiian culture affects parents’ health practices. Directed content analysis applied Mishel’s Uncertainty in Illness Theory (UIT ...


Nonpharmacologic Treatment Of Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Put Your Mind To It, Roseanna M. Pauli Apr 2019

Nonpharmacologic Treatment Of Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Put Your Mind To It, Roseanna M. Pauli

Physician Assistant Capstones

Since GAD is usually a life-long disorder, selecting a therapy that is both effective and safe is essential. The relative safety of nonpharmacologic therapies compared to drug therapy, coupled with the preference to avoid medications, are factors favoring nonpharmacologic means for control of GAD. Whether one form of nonpharmacologic therapy is superior in efficacy to another, specifically whether CBT is better in adult patients, is worth examining. In addition, because this disorder is chronic, the durability of therapeutic actions is important, for which reason evidence confirming symptom control for at least one year’s duration is preferable.


The Use Of Dietary Interventions In Pediatric Patients, Shirin Madzhidova, Lusine Sedrakyan Jan 2019

The Use Of Dietary Interventions In Pediatric Patients, Shirin Madzhidova, Lusine Sedrakyan

PCOM Scholarly Papers

Complementary and alternative treatment approaches are becoming more common among children with chronic conditions. The prevalence of CAM use among US adults was estimated to be around 42% in 2015 and around 44% to 50% among adults with neurologic disorders. Studies demonstrate that children with certain chronic illnesses such as asthma, cancer, genetic disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and other neurodevelopmental disorders are treated with complementary and alternative treatments at higher rates. Dietary therapies are gaining increasing popularity in the mainstream population. Although the majority of "fad" diets do not have enough supporting evidence, some dietary therapies have been utilized ...


Attitudes And Factors Involved In Decision-Making Around Complementary And Alternative Medicines (Cams) By Older Australians: A Qualitative Study, Gisselle Gallego, Saira Gugnani, Mike Armour, Caroline A. Smith, Esther Chang Jan 2019

Attitudes And Factors Involved In Decision-Making Around Complementary And Alternative Medicines (Cams) By Older Australians: A Qualitative Study, Gisselle Gallego, Saira Gugnani, Mike Armour, Caroline A. Smith, Esther Chang

Medical Papers and Journal Articles

Introduction: Recent evidence has indicated that older Australians are increasingly turning to complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) to address a variety of health issues. This qualitative study aimed to explore the attitudes and factors involved in decision-making around CAMs by older Australians upon the completion of a CAM educational intervention.

Methods: Men and women aged over 65 years living in New South Wales, Australia were invited to participate in semi-structured interviews after taking part in a randomised control trial. Interviews were analysed using the framework approach.

Results: A total of 20 participants aged over 65 years were interviewed. Themes captured ...


Complementary And Alternative Medicine In Chronic Conditions In Pediatrics, Kelly Colletti, Sierra Williams Nov 2018

Complementary And Alternative Medicine In Chronic Conditions In Pediatrics, Kelly Colletti, Sierra Williams

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: The number of people being diagnosed with a chronic disease is on the rise. Living with a chronic disease impacts a person’s physical, mental, emotional, financial, and social aspects of the person’s life as well. A child diagnosed with a chronic disease is even more affected by the disease due to the lack of understanding of the disease. Alternative therapies to medication and procedures are explored as a way to help children cope with the symptoms and side effects of their disease.

Objectives: The purpose of this integrated literature review is to determine the effectiveness of ...


Exploring Unmet Healthcare Needs, Healthcare Access, And The Use Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine By Chronic Pain Sufferers- An Analysis Of The National Population Health Survey, Jessica Lachance Aug 2018

Exploring Unmet Healthcare Needs, Healthcare Access, And The Use Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine By Chronic Pain Sufferers- An Analysis Of The National Population Health Survey, Jessica Lachance

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Background: Chronic pain is a condition nurses encounter in their practice often; estimated to affect 1 in 5 Canadian adults, resulting in significant disability, a deleterious impact on health and quality of life, and a large financial and operational burden on the health care system. It is a complex and multifactorial phenomenon that despite research efforts remains poorly understood. Consequently, the focus of chronic pain treatment targets the managementof pain to improve quality of life and reduce suffering as much as possible, rather than a curative approach. Chronic pain has been recognized as one of the most pervasive and ...


The Fda Approved Hbot Indications In Veterinary Medicine And Beyond..., Andrew Turkell Aug 2018

The Fda Approved Hbot Indications In Veterinary Medicine And Beyond..., Andrew Turkell

International Symposium for Hyperbaric Medicine

  • This presentation is based on the 14 FDA approved, and sometimes insurance reimbursable, HBOT indications in humans and how they are extrapolated into veterinary medicine and utilized for very similar indications in the animal world.
  • We will also discuss a much larger group of indications that are not approved in the USA but approved internationally (off label), which may have more compelling scientific evidence than exists for the approved indications.


The Complementary Health Approaches For Pain Survey (Chaps): Validity Testing And Characteristics Of A Rural Population With Pain, Termeh Feinberg, Dina L. Jones, Christa Lilly, Amna Umer, Kim Innes May 2018

The Complementary Health Approaches For Pain Survey (Chaps): Validity Testing And Characteristics Of A Rural Population With Pain, Termeh Feinberg, Dina L. Jones, Christa Lilly, Amna Umer, Kim Innes

Clinical and Translational Science Institute

Objectives Little is known about patterns and correlates of Complementary Health Approaches (CHAs) in chronic pain populations, particularly in rural, underserved communities. This article details the development and implementation of a new survey instrument designed to address this gap, the Complementary Health Approaches for Pain Survey (CHAPS). Design Following pilot-testing using pre-specified criteria to assess quality and comprehension in our target population, and after feedback regarding face-validity from content experts and stakeholders, the final cross-sectional self-report survey required 10–12 minutes to complete. It contained 69 demographic, lifestyle and health-related factors, and utilized a Transtheoretical Model (TTM) underpinning to assess ...


Social Learning Biases In The Use Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine, Marie Denell Letourneau May 2018

Social Learning Biases In The Use Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine, Marie Denell Letourneau

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

In the United States, the use of complementary and alternative medicine (usually referred to as CAM) has increased dramatically over the last three decades. However, theoretically informed explanations about why people decide to use CAM therapies are lacking. The purpose of this study is to determine if there is enough statistical evidence to justify additional research on the relationship between social learning and the decision to use CAM. Working on the assumption that people make decisions based on information they have or can obtain, I applied the concept of learning bias in order to examine the ways in which people ...


Allopathic Medicine’S Influence On Indigenous Peoples In The Kumaon Region Of India, Eliana M. Blum Apr 2018

Allopathic Medicine’S Influence On Indigenous Peoples In The Kumaon Region Of India, Eliana M. Blum

Butler Journal of Undergraduate Research

This paper focuses on the use of western medicine in the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand, India. The goal of this research is to understand which healing practices are preferable in rural villages. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 53 participants, including two spiritual healers, two doctors, and one pharmacist. Results indicate that allopathic medicine, otherwise known as modern medicine or western medicine, has become the go-to remedy for even the most remote people in India. Nearly all participants use allopathic medicine, but less than half of the participants experiment with other forms of healing, such as Ayurveda, homeopathy, meditation, and yoga ...


Perceptions Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine In Western Society: A Focus Study On Switzerland, Sandra B. Saldana Apr 2018

Perceptions Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine In Western Society: A Focus Study On Switzerland, Sandra B. Saldana

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

The demand for complementary, alternative, and traditional medicine, or CAM, has been a topic of debate in Western countries like Switzerland in the past decades due to the limited evidence-based research on its effectiveness. However, countries like Switzerland have been implementing CAM in their national health insurance as a response to the pressure of demand from the people. Thus, understanding the motivations for CAM use may help medical and government institutions address the shift towards a new way of managing health and disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychosocial factors involved in influencing the patients’ perception ...


Ontology Of Personhood In Ayurveda From The Perspective Of Patients And Physicians In Palampur, Himachal Pradesh: An Independent Study, Denise Defelice Apr 2018

Ontology Of Personhood In Ayurveda From The Perspective Of Patients And Physicians In Palampur, Himachal Pradesh: An Independent Study, Denise Defelice

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Scholars in western biomedicine describe the body as a physical entity distinct from mind and soul. However, the human body in Indian systems of medicine integrates the multiple natures of personhood and is both deeply physical and spiritual. This study demonstrates the unique view of personhood, being, health, and illness in Ayurveda through literature research and interviews with practitioners and patients. This study extends past a search for the ontology of personhood in Ayurveda and discusses the implications of this ontology on the way one views oneself and the world around him or her. Through this integrative approach, this study ...


Development Of Health Rehabilitation In Mainland China: From Traditional Chinese Medicine To Modern Western Rehabilitation Methods, Michelle Moy Apr 2018

Development Of Health Rehabilitation In Mainland China: From Traditional Chinese Medicine To Modern Western Rehabilitation Methods, Michelle Moy

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

The aim of this study is to understand the changes occurring in China, leading to the development of health rehabilitation. This study will portray the shift of traditional Chinese medicine to modern influences of Western rehabilitation, and will also introduce the idea of an integrated model of TCM and Western Rehabilitation.

Observations were held at a TCM hospital, a rehabilitation hospital, as well as a TCM hospital that provided modern rehabilitation services. Two online questionnaire surveys were sent out to rehabilitation health professionals working in mainland China, one of which collected quantitative data while the other collected both qualitative and ...


Microscopic Allies: Examining And Tackling Legal And Regulatory Barriers To The Development Of Phage Therapy, Jacob Zent Feb 2018

Microscopic Allies: Examining And Tackling Legal And Regulatory Barriers To The Development Of Phage Therapy, Jacob Zent

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


The Complementary Health Approaches For Pain Survey (Chaps): Validity Testing And Characteristics Of A Rural Population With Pain, Termeh Feinberg, Dina L. Jones, Christa Lilly, Amna Umer, Kim Innes Jan 2018

The Complementary Health Approaches For Pain Survey (Chaps): Validity Testing And Characteristics Of A Rural Population With Pain, Termeh Feinberg, Dina L. Jones, Christa Lilly, Amna Umer, Kim Innes

Faculty & Staff Scholarship

Objectives

Little is known about patterns and correlates of Complementary Health Approaches (CHAs) in chronic pain populations, particularly in rural, underserved communities. This article details the development and implementation of a new survey instrument designed to address this gap, the Complementary Health Approaches for Pain Survey (CHAPS).

Design

Following pilot-testing using pre-specified criteria to assess quality and comprehension in our target population, and after feedback regarding face-validity from content experts and stakeholders, the final cross-sectional self-report survey required 10–12 minutes to com- plete. It contained 69 demographic, lifestyle and health-related factors, and utilized a Trans- theoretical Model (TTM) underpinning ...


Anxiety, Patricia L. Gerbarg, Heather Mason Jan 2018

Anxiety, Patricia L. Gerbarg, Heather Mason

NYMC Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Naturopathic Physicians’ Attitudes, Knowledge, And Practices Regarding Xylitol In Clinical Practice, Agatha Stavnesli Jan 2018

Naturopathic Physicians’ Attitudes, Knowledge, And Practices Regarding Xylitol In Clinical Practice, Agatha Stavnesli

EWU Masters Thesis Collection

Abstract

Purpose: The intent of this study was to assess naturopathic physicians’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding the use of xylitol clinical practice. Methods: This study utilized a convenience sample of naturopathic physicians (NPs) (N=325) through an online survey via SurveyMonkey®. Results: The majority of NPs were knowledgeable of the medical and dental uses of xylitol (84%; n = 53 and 95%; n = 60, respectively). Ninety percent (n=57) viewed the current demand for naturopathic medicine as increasing. The medical literature was the highest ranked source of information on xylitol (45%; n = 28) with clinical practice guidelines being reported as ...


In Case Of Emergency: Local Medical Services And Emergency Air Transportation In Southeast Alaska, Kourtney B. Johnson Jan 2018

In Case Of Emergency: Local Medical Services And Emergency Air Transportation In Southeast Alaska, Kourtney B. Johnson

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

Alaska, often referred to as “The Last Frontier”, is a vast, geographically diverse and sparsely settled landscape. Although many popular reality shows tend to exaggerate and dramatize life in Alaska, they do point to an important fact: when an emergency occurs, or someone experiences serious health complications, immediate access to sufficient medical services may not be available. Much of the state’s population faces barriers to accessing needed medical care due to large distances between communities and limited road networks due to coastal locations or challenging terrain.

Using Penchansky and Thomas’s five components of Access Theory (1981), this thesis ...


Needs Assessment: Complementary Medicine (Cm) Services, Zara S. Bowden Jan 2018

Needs Assessment: Complementary Medicine (Cm) Services, Zara S. Bowden

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

In 2012, 33.2% of U.S. adults used complementary health approaches, spending over $30 billion. Despite this substantial investment and a growing body of research supporting the use of these approaches, access to them is still limited in the Primary Care setting. While Central Maine Medical Center’s Family Medicine Residency (CMMC FMR) has historically acknowledged the importance of an holistic approach to care, many of the complementary health approaches previously offered are no longer available. To determine specific, patient-identified needs regarding these approaches, a Needs Assessment was performed by surveying established patients presenting for appointments at CMMC FMR ...


Holistic Health: Shaping Women’S Experiences Of Positive Body Image, Helen Elizabeth Monks Jan 2018

Holistic Health: Shaping Women’S Experiences Of Positive Body Image, Helen Elizabeth Monks

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

This PhD thesis seeks to contribute to a nuanced understanding of positive body image and how it is expressed among a group of women participating in holistic health culture in a modern Western society. Qualitative data were collected from in-depth ethnographic interviews with 25 women in Perth, Western Australia, to illuminate an understanding of their holistic health beliefs and practices, perceptions of appearance and health ideals, as well as their understandings of positive body image. Thematic analysis of the data through Nvivo revealed several overarching themes, demonstrating how certain aspects of holistic health culture may encourage or dissuade the development ...


Factors Associated With The Use Of Complementary And Alternative Medicines For Prostate Cancer By Long-Term Survivors, Sam Egger, Suzanne Hughes, David P. Smith, Suzanne Chambers, Clare Kahn, Annette Moxey, Dianne L. O'Connell Jan 2018

Factors Associated With The Use Of Complementary And Alternative Medicines For Prostate Cancer By Long-Term Survivors, Sam Egger, Suzanne Hughes, David P. Smith, Suzanne Chambers, Clare Kahn, Annette Moxey, Dianne L. O'Connell

ECU Publications Post 2013

Objective

To assess whether the use of complementary and alternative medicines therapies (CAMs) for prostate cancer and/or its treatment side effects by long-term survivors is associated with selected socio-demographic, clinical, health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) and/or psychological factors.

Design, setting and participants

The Prostate Cancer Care and Outcomes Study (PCOS) is a population-based cohort study of men with prostate cancer who were aged less than 70 years at diagnosis in New South Wales, Australia. Included in these analyses were men who returned a 10-year follow-up questionnaire, which included questions about CAM use.

Methods

Validated instruments assessed patient’s HRQOL and ...


Maternal Healthcare Utilization Among Muslim Mothers From India, Pakistan, And Bangladesh: Is There Equity?, Rohin J. Krishnan Jun 2017

Maternal Healthcare Utilization Among Muslim Mothers From India, Pakistan, And Bangladesh: Is There Equity?, Rohin J. Krishnan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

To date, literature exploring maternal healthcare utilization among Muslim populations has largely focused on religious differences. However, little research exists exploring maternal healthcare utilization within Muslim populations. This highlights a research gap because studies across religious groups may obscure important variation within Islamic women. The primary objective of this study assessed if there is equity in MHU among Muslim mothers in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Multivariate logistic regression revealed inequities to be present in the three countries. Predicted probabilities revealed a narrower equity gap in MHU in Bangladesh compared to India and Pakistan. The successes of Bangladesh’s recent efforts ...