Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Leukocytes

Discipline
Institution
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 65

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Il-11 Induces Nlrp3 Inflammasome Activation In Monocytes And Inflammatory Cell Migration To The Central Nervous System, Maryamsadat Seyedsadr, Yan Wang, Manal Elzoheiry, Sowmya Shree Gopal, Soohwa Jang, Gayel Duran, Inna Chervoneva, Ezgi Kasimoglu, John A. Wrobel, Daniel Hwang, James Garifallou, Xin Zhang, Tabish H. Khan, Ulrike Lorenz, Maureen Su, Jenny P. Ting, Bieke Broux, A M Rostami, Dhanashri Miskin, Silva Markovic-Plese Jun 2023

Il-11 Induces Nlrp3 Inflammasome Activation In Monocytes And Inflammatory Cell Migration To The Central Nervous System, Maryamsadat Seyedsadr, Yan Wang, Manal Elzoheiry, Sowmya Shree Gopal, Soohwa Jang, Gayel Duran, Inna Chervoneva, Ezgi Kasimoglu, John A. Wrobel, Daniel Hwang, James Garifallou, Xin Zhang, Tabish H. Khan, Ulrike Lorenz, Maureen Su, Jenny P. Ting, Bieke Broux, A M Rostami, Dhanashri Miskin, Silva Markovic-Plese

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

The objective of this study is to examine IL-11-induced mechanisms of inflammatory cell migration to the central nervous system (CNS). We report that IL-11 is produced at highest frequency by myeloid cells among the peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) subsets. Patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) have an increased frequency of IL-11+ monocytes, IL-11+ and IL-11R+ CD4+ lymphocytes, and IL-11R+ neutrophils in comparison to matched healthy controls. IL-11+ and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF)+ monocytes, CD4+ lymphocytes, and neutrophils accumulate in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The effect of IL-11 in-vitro stimulation, examined using single-cell RNA sequencing, revealed the highest number of …


Leukocytes As Mediators Of Gut-Brain Communication, Dilini Ekanayake Jan 2023

Leukocytes As Mediators Of Gut-Brain Communication, Dilini Ekanayake

Biomedical Sciences Posters and Presentations

Food allergies

▪ Reactions range from mild/delayed to severe/rapid. ▪ People with mild allergic reactions have increased re-exposure risks. ▪ Cow’s milk allergy tends to manifest with milder allergic reactions.

Cow’s milk allergy (CMA)

▪ CMA has been associated with behavioral and neurological disorders. ▪ How allergic inflammatory signals from the gut reach the brain is unclear


Dietary Whey Protein Increases Brain Leukocytes In Mice Regardless Of Their Hypersensitivity Status, Dilini Ekanayake Jan 2023

Dietary Whey Protein Increases Brain Leukocytes In Mice Regardless Of Their Hypersensitivity Status, Dilini Ekanayake

Biomedical Sciences Posters and Presentations

Cow’s milk allergy (CMA) often manifests as milder reactions and may be linked to neurological problems. Previously, we demonstrated that C57BL/6J mice sensitized to a bovine whey allergen, β-lactoglobulin (BLG, Bos d 5), moderately increased BLG-specific IgE levels and exhibited behavioral changes without severe allergic reactions. When these non-anaphylactic CMA mice were placed on a whey-protein (WP)-containing diet for 2 weeks to simulate continuous dairy consumption, we found neuropathology indicative of neuroinflammation and cortical demyelination. Since immune cells migrate to the central nervous system (CNS) and promote neuroinflammation in demyelinating conditions such as multiple sclerosis, we hypothesized that the number …


Repeated Allergen Exposure Induces Histaminergic Dysregulation And Depression-Like Behaviors In A Non-Anaphylactic Food Allergy Mouse Model, Danielle Germundson-Hermanson Jan 2023

Repeated Allergen Exposure Induces Histaminergic Dysregulation And Depression-Like Behaviors In A Non-Anaphylactic Food Allergy Mouse Model, Danielle Germundson-Hermanson

Biomedical Sciences Posters and Presentations

▪ Food allergy is often comorbid with neuropsychiatric disorders such as anxiety1,2, depression1,2, OCD3, ADD/ADHD4, and autism5. ➢ The mechanism of how food allergy may impact brain function and behavior in certain allergic individuals has yet to be elucidated.

▪ Mast cells (MCs) are not only the effector cell of the hypersensitivity response but are also important in maintaining brain homeostasis6. ➢ MCs have been implicated in neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders such as multiple sclerosis7,8.

▪ We have previously found in a mouse model of cow’s milk allergy (CMA) that intracranial MC numbers9 and histamine 3 receptor (H3R)10 increased after …


Citrullinated And Malondialdehyde-Acetaldehyde Modified Fibrinogen Activates Macrophages And Promotes An Aggressive Synovial Fibroblast Phenotype In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Nozima Aripova, Michael J. Duryee, Bryant England, Carlos D. Hunter, Jack E. Mordeson, Evan Ryan, Eric C. Daubach, Debra J. Romberger, Geoffrey M. Thiele, Ted R. Mikuls Jan 2023

Citrullinated And Malondialdehyde-Acetaldehyde Modified Fibrinogen Activates Macrophages And Promotes An Aggressive Synovial Fibroblast Phenotype In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Nozima Aripova, Michael J. Duryee, Bryant England, Carlos D. Hunter, Jack E. Mordeson, Evan Ryan, Eric C. Daubach, Debra J. Romberger, Geoffrey M. Thiele, Ted R. Mikuls

Journal Articles: Internal Medicine

Objective: Post-translational protein modifications with malondialdehyde-acetaldehyde (MAA) and citrulline (CIT) are implicated in the pathogenesis of rheumatoidarthritis (RA). Although precise mechanisms have not been elucidated, macrophage-fibroblast interactions have been proposed to play a central role in the development and progression of RA. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the downstream effects of macrophage released soluble mediators, following stimulation with fibrinogen (FIB) modified antigens, on human fibroblast-like synoviocytes (HFLS).

Methods: PMA-treated U-937 monocytes (Mϕ) and macrophage-differentiated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (MP) were stimulated with FIB, FIB-MAA, FIB-CIT, or FIB-MAA-CIT. HFLS-RA cells were stimulated directly with FIB antigens or with …


Association Of Leukocyte Telomere Length With Perceived Physical Fatigability, Rain Katz, Emma L Gay, Allison L Kuipers, Joseph H Lee, Lawrence S Honig, Kaare Christensen, Mary F Feitosa, Mary K Wojczynski, Nancy W Glynn, Llfs Research Group Dec 2022

Association Of Leukocyte Telomere Length With Perceived Physical Fatigability, Rain Katz, Emma L Gay, Allison L Kuipers, Joseph H Lee, Lawrence S Honig, Kaare Christensen, Mary F Feitosa, Mary K Wojczynski, Nancy W Glynn, Llfs Research Group

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) is a potential genomic marker of biological aging, but its relation to fatigability, a prognostic indicator of phenotypic aging (e.g., functional decline) is unknown. We hypothesized shorter LTL would predict greater perceived physical fatigability, but that this association would be attenuated by adjusting for chronological age.

METHODS: Two generations of participants (N = 1997; 309 probands, 1688 offspring) were from the Long Life Family Study (age = 73.7 ± 10.4, range 60-108, 54.4 % women), a longitudinal cohort study of aging. LTL was assayed at baseline. Perceived physical fatigability was measured 8.0 ± 1.1 years …


Microrna Expression Levels Change In Neonatal Patients During And After Exposure To Cardiopulmonary Bypass., Lance Hsieh, Lan N. Tu, Alison Paquette, Quanhu Sheng, Shilin Zhao, Douglas C. Bittel, James O'Brien, Kasey Vickers, Peter Pastuszko, Vishal Nigam Sep 2022

Microrna Expression Levels Change In Neonatal Patients During And After Exposure To Cardiopulmonary Bypass., Lance Hsieh, Lan N. Tu, Alison Paquette, Quanhu Sheng, Shilin Zhao, Douglas C. Bittel, James O'Brien, Kasey Vickers, Peter Pastuszko, Vishal Nigam

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Background The systemic inflammation that occurs after exposure to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), which is especially severe in neonatal patients, is associated with poorer outcomes and is not well understood. In order to gain deeper insight into how exposure to bypass activates inflammatory responses in circulating leukocytes, we studied changes in microRNA (miRNA) expression during and after exposure to bypass. miRNAs are small noncoding RNAs that have important roles in modulating protein levels and function of cells. Methods and Results We performed miRNA-sequencing on leukocytes isolated from neonatal patients with CPB (n=5) at 7 time points during the process of CPB, …


Time Course Investigation Of The Dermal Leukocyte Response To Lipoteichoic Acid In Chickens, Ian Gilbert May 2022

Time Course Investigation Of The Dermal Leukocyte Response To Lipoteichoic Acid In Chickens, Ian Gilbert

Animal Science Undergraduate Honors Theses

Lipoteichoic acid (LTA) is component of the cell wall of Gram-positive bacteria that stimulates inflammation during bacterial infection. However, few studies have investigated the in vivo immune response to LTA, and none of the in vivo studies done have been performed in birds. For this project, the pulp (a skin-derivative) of growing feathers (GFs) of chickens were used as a test site to investigate the in vivo effects of intradermally injected LTA. In Study 1, the pulp of 12 GFs of 11-week-old Light-brown Leghorn (LBL) males were injected with 10 μL of differing concentrations of LTA (0.1, 1.0, 10, 100 …


Are Changes In Hspa1a, Hspb1 And Ldhb Genes Expression During Physical Performance ”Till Exhaustion” Independent Of Their Exercise Possibility?, Zbigniew Jastrzebski, Malgorzata Zychowska Mar 2022

Are Changes In Hspa1a, Hspb1 And Ldhb Genes Expression During Physical Performance ”Till Exhaustion” Independent Of Their Exercise Possibility?, Zbigniew Jastrzebski, Malgorzata Zychowska

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Background: The aim of the study was to designate changes in the expression of HSPA1A, HSPB1 and LDHb in elite rowers after completing a test “till exhaustion” on a rowing ergometer. Finally, we searched for the answer whether there are significant correlations between the expression of the genes and anaerobic threshold (AnT) or the maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max). Material/Methods: The research was conducted on the sample of 9 Polish lightweight male rowers (23.7 ±3.77 yrs, 72.7 ±1.76 kg, 183.6 ±4.58 cm). To determine AnT and VO2max, the subjects performed the test “till exhaustion” with an increasing load on a rowing …


Time Course Investigation Of The Dermal Leukocyte Response To Lipoteichoic Acid In Chickens, Ian M. Gilbert, Jossie M. Santamaria, Gisela F. Erf Jan 2022

Time Course Investigation Of The Dermal Leukocyte Response To Lipoteichoic Acid In Chickens, Ian M. Gilbert, Jossie M. Santamaria, Gisela F. Erf

Discovery, The Student Journal of Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences

Lipoteichoic acid (LTA) is a cell-wall polymer in Gram-positive bacteria that stimulates inflammation. Few studies have investigated in vivo immune response to LTA, and none of the in vivo studies have been performed in birds. For this project, the pulp (a skin derivative) of growing feathers (GF) of chickens was used to investigate the in vivo effects of intradermally injected LTA. In Study 1, GF of chickens were injected with 10 μL of differing concentrations of LTA (0.1, 1.0, 10, 100 or 250 μg LTA/mL; 3 chickens/dose). Growing feathers were plucked before injection (0 h) and at 6, 24, 48, …


Some Hematological Parameters And Enzyme Histochemistry Of Peripheral Bloodleukocytes In Kivircik Sheep, Mehmet Faruk Aydin, İhsan Kisadere Jan 2022

Some Hematological Parameters And Enzyme Histochemistry Of Peripheral Bloodleukocytes In Kivircik Sheep, Mehmet Faruk Aydin, İhsan Kisadere

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The aim of the present study was to determine some hematological parameters (RBC, WBC, HCT, HGB, MCH, MCHC, MCV, and PLT), the presence and percentages of ANAE and AcP-ase positivities in leukocytes and the differential leukocyte count in Kivircik sheep. Blood samples were taken from the jugular vein of 40 (rams = 20; ewes= 20) healthy, 1-year-old sheep. MCH and MCHC values were found statistically higher in rams than ewes (p < 0.05). Mean percentages of ANAE-positive PBL were defined as 74.16 ± 11.94% in ewes and 70.33 ± 8.39% in rams. It was not determined any significant changes according to sex. On the other hand, the percentages of ACP were determined as 67.12 ± 6.54% in ewes and 66.71 ± 6.58% in rams. It was not found any significant differences according to sex. For ANAE enzyme activity, lymphocytes, monocytes, neutrophils, and eosinophilic granulocytes showed a positive reaction. For ACP enzyme activity, although lymphocytes presented positivity, monocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils were negative. The ratio of lymphocyte, monocyte, neutrophile, eosinophile, and basophile of Kivircik ewes and rams were found as 64.35 ± 5.74%, 60.64 ± 8.85%; 3.41 ± 1.27%, 3.82 ± 1.42%; 27.58 ± 5.46%, 30.94 ± 8.71%; 2.41 ± 0.93%, 2.88 ± 1.45%; 1.76 ± 0.75%, 1.29 ± 0.58%, respectively. The difference between mean values was not found significant according to sex (p > 0.05). In conclusion, our study showed that enzyme histochemical methods can be used for identifying peripheral blood cells and can provide facilitates for early diagnosis of immune system-related disorders …


Mitochondrial Phenotypes In Purified Human Immune Cell Subtypes And Cell Mixtures, Shannon Rausser, Caroline Trumpff, Marlon A. Mcgill, Alex Junker, Wei Wang, Siu-Hong Ho, Anika Mitchell, Kalpita R. Karan, Catherine Monk, Suzanne C. Segerstrom, Rebecca G. Reed, Martin Picard Oct 2021

Mitochondrial Phenotypes In Purified Human Immune Cell Subtypes And Cell Mixtures, Shannon Rausser, Caroline Trumpff, Marlon A. Mcgill, Alex Junker, Wei Wang, Siu-Hong Ho, Anika Mitchell, Kalpita R. Karan, Catherine Monk, Suzanne C. Segerstrom, Rebecca G. Reed, Martin Picard

Psychology Faculty Publications

Using a high-throughput mitochondrial phenotyping platform to quantify multiple mitochondrial features among molecularly defined immune cell subtypes, we quantify the natural variation in mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn), citrate synthase, and respiratory chain enzymatic activities in human neutrophils, monocytes, B cells, and naïve and memory T lymphocyte subtypes. In mixed peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from the same individuals, we show to what extent mitochondrial measures are confounded by both cell type distributions and contaminating platelets. Cell subtype-specific measures among women and men spanning four decades of life indicate potential age- and sex-related differences, including an age-related elevation in mtDNAcn, …


No Effect Of Hypercholesterolemia On Elastase-Induced Experimental Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Progression, Toru Ikezoe, Takahiro Shoji, Jia Guo, Fanru Shen, Hong S. Lu, Alan Daugherty, Masao Nunokawa, Hiroshi Kubota, Masaaki Miyata, Baohui Xu, Ronald L. Dalman Sep 2021

No Effect Of Hypercholesterolemia On Elastase-Induced Experimental Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Progression, Toru Ikezoe, Takahiro Shoji, Jia Guo, Fanru Shen, Hong S. Lu, Alan Daugherty, Masao Nunokawa, Hiroshi Kubota, Masaaki Miyata, Baohui Xu, Ronald L. Dalman

Saha Cardiovascular Research Center Faculty Publications

Objective: Epidemiological studies link hyperlipidemia with increased risk for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). However, the influence of lipid-lowering drugs statins on prevalence and progression of clinical and experimental AAAs varies between reports, engendering controversy on the association of hyperlipidemia with AAA disease. This study investigated the impact of hypercholesterolemia on elastase-induced experimental AAAs in mice. Methods: Both spontaneous (targeted deletion of apolipoprotein E) and induced mouse hypercholesterolemia models were employed. In male wild type (WT) C57BL/6J mice, hypercholesterolemia was induced via intraperitoneal injection of an adeno-associated virus (AAV) encoding a gain-of-function proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 mutation (PCSK9) followed by …


The Prospect Of Nanoparticle Systems For Modulating Immune Cell Polarization During Central Nervous System Infection, Lee E. Korshoj, Wen Shi, Bin Duan, Tammy Kielian Jun 2021

The Prospect Of Nanoparticle Systems For Modulating Immune Cell Polarization During Central Nervous System Infection, Lee E. Korshoj, Wen Shi, Bin Duan, Tammy Kielian

Journal Articles: Pathology and Microbiology

The blood-brain barrier (BBB) selectively restricts the entry of molecules from peripheral circulation into the central nervous system (CNS) parenchyma. Despite this protective barrier, bacteria and other pathogens can still invade the CNS, often as a consequence of immune deficiencies or complications following neurosurgical procedures. These infections are difficult to treat since many bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus, encode a repertoire of virulence factors, can acquire antibiotic resistance, and form biofilm. Additionally, pathogens can leverage virulence factor production to polarize host immune cells towards an anti-inflammatory phenotype, leading to chronic infection. The difficulty of pathogen clearance is magnified by …


Do Initial Hematologic Indices Predict The Severity Of Covid-19 Patients?, Ali̇ Asan, Yasemi̇n Üstündağ, Ni̇zameddi̇n Koca, Abdullah Şi̇mşek, Hali̇l Erkan Sayan, Hülya Parildar, Burcu Dalyan Ci̇lo, Kağan Huysal Jan 2021

Do Initial Hematologic Indices Predict The Severity Of Covid-19 Patients?, Ali̇ Asan, Yasemi̇n Üstündağ, Ni̇zameddi̇n Koca, Abdullah Şi̇mşek, Hali̇l Erkan Sayan, Hülya Parildar, Burcu Dalyan Ci̇lo, Kağan Huysal

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the initial hematological findings analyzed on admission in confirmed COVID-19 patients who were transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU), to predict possible hematological indices. Materials and methods: Initial neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), monocyte to lymphocyte ratio (MLR), red cell distribution width to platelet ratio (RPR), mean platelet volume to platelet ratio, and lymphocyte multiplied by platelet count (LYM × PLT), of 695 patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 were investigated and comparisons were made between the mild/moderate and severe groups. Results: The proportion of COVID-19 cases admitted …


Genetics And Geography Of Leukocyte Telomere Length In Sub-Saharan Africans, Steven C Hunt, Michael A Province, Et Al. Nov 2020

Genetics And Geography Of Leukocyte Telomere Length In Sub-Saharan Africans, Steven C Hunt, Michael A Province, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) might be causal in cardiovascular disease and major cancers. To elucidate the roles of genetics and geography in LTL variability across humans, we compared LTL measured in 1295 sub-Saharan Africans (SSAs) with 559 African-Americans (AAms) and 2464 European-Americans (EAms). LTL differed significantly across SSAs (P = 0.003), with the San from Botswana (with the oldest genomic ancestry) having the longest LTL and populations from Ethiopia having the shortest LTL. SSAs had significantly longer LTL than AAms [P = 6.5(e-16)] whose LTL was significantly longer than EAms [P = 2.5(e-7)]. Genetic variation in SSAs explained 52% of …


Alpha Synuclein In Hematopoiesis And Immunity, Robert W. Maitta Oct 2019

Alpha Synuclein In Hematopoiesis And Immunity, Robert W. Maitta

Faculty Scholarship

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative condition and intracellular deposition of Lewy bodies in the substantia nigra (SN), which can cause dopaminergic neuronal death, is the hallmark of this syndrome. α-synuclein (syn) is a small protein expressed mainly in neurons but can also be found in a number of tissues. It can be present as a soluble monomer under normal physiological conditions, but can be toxic in its oligomeric or fibrillary forms. Most of the available literature has focused on the effects of α-syn pathology in the mechanisms leading to PD. However, the normal functions of α-syn …


The Inflammatory Response After Ischemic Stroke: Targeting Β2 And Β1 Integrins, Danielle N. Edwards, Gregory J. Bix May 2019

The Inflammatory Response After Ischemic Stroke: Targeting Β2 And Β1 Integrins, Danielle N. Edwards, Gregory J. Bix

Sanders-Brown Center on Aging Faculty Publications

Ischemic stroke is a leading cause of death and disability with limited therapeutic options. Resulting inflammatory mechanisms after reperfusion (removal of the thrombus) result in cytokine activation, calcium influx, and leukocytic infiltration to the area of ischemia. In particular, leukocytes migrate toward areas of inflammation by use of integrins, particularly integrins β1 and β2. Integrins have been shown to be necessary for leukocyte adhesion and migration, and thus are of immediate interest in many inflammatory diseases, including ischemic stroke. In this review, we identify the main integrins involved in leukocytic migration following stroke (αLβ2 …


Ultrastructural Changes In Peripheral Blood Leukocytes In Α-Synuclein Knockout Mice, Hammad Tashkandi, Afshin Shameli, Clifford V. Harding, Robert W. Maitta Sep 2018

Ultrastructural Changes In Peripheral Blood Leukocytes In Α-Synuclein Knockout Mice, Hammad Tashkandi, Afshin Shameli, Clifford V. Harding, Robert W. Maitta

Faculty Scholarship

Effects of α-synuclein deficiency on cellular blood components have not been extensively investigated. This study evaluated ultrastructural changes of leukocytes in α-synuclein knockout (KO) mice using electron microscopy (EM). The following ultrastructural characteristics were quantified in leukocytes: mitochondria, primary granules, specific granules (SG), Golgi apparatus (GA), inclusions, rough-endoplasmic reticulum (RER), smooth-endoplasmic reticulum (SER), and cellular projections (CP). EM showed increased numbers or amounts of SG, inclusions, and SER in KO group (5.3 ± 4.5 in WT vs. 14.1 ± 10.3 in KO, p = 0.02; 0.4 ± 0.9 in WT vs. 3.2 ± 2.8 in KO, p = 0.007; and …


Ticagrelor Reduces Thromboinflammatory Markers In Patients With Pneumonia, Travis R. Sexton, Guoying Zhang, Tracy E. Macaulay, Leigh Ann Callahan, Richard Charnigo, Olga A. Vsevolozhskaya, Zhenyu Li, Susan S. Smyth Aug 2018

Ticagrelor Reduces Thromboinflammatory Markers In Patients With Pneumonia, Travis R. Sexton, Guoying Zhang, Tracy E. Macaulay, Leigh Ann Callahan, Richard Charnigo, Olga A. Vsevolozhskaya, Zhenyu Li, Susan S. Smyth

Gill Heart & Vascular Institute Faculty Publications

Despite treatment advances for sepsis and pneumonia, significant improvements in outcome have not been realized. Antiplatelet therapy may improve outcome in pneumonia and sepsis. In this study, the authors show that ticagrelor reduced leukocytes with attached platelets as well as the inflammatory biomarker interleukin (IL)-6. Pneumonia patients receiving ticagrelor required less supplemental oxygen and lung function tests trended toward improvement. Disruption of the P2Y12 receptor in a murine model protected against inflammatory response, lung permeability, and mortality. Results indicate a mechanistic link between platelets, leukocytes, and lung injury in settings of pneumonia and sepsis, and suggest possible therapeutic approaches …


Effect Of Gender And Jumping Exercise On Leukocyte Number, Dopamine And Prolactin Levels In Horses, Anna Assenza, Francesca Arfuso, Francesco Fazio, Claudia Giannetto, Maria Rizzo, Alessandro Zumbo, Giuseppe Piccione Mar 2018

Effect Of Gender And Jumping Exercise On Leukocyte Number, Dopamine And Prolactin Levels In Horses, Anna Assenza, Francesca Arfuso, Francesco Fazio, Claudia Giannetto, Maria Rizzo, Alessandro Zumbo, Giuseppe Piccione

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

Physical exercise is one of the most physiologically stressful stimuli which cause animal to experience reversible alterations in various homeostatic variables. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of gender and jumping exercise on leukocyte, dopamine and prolactin values and the correlation among these parameters in 20 clinically healthy and regularly trained horses. The horses took part in a three-day jumping competition. Blood sampling was performed before the first day of competition (T0), within 10 minutes from the end of each race (J1, J2, J3) and 24 h after the end of J3 race (T24) in order …


Pro-Inflammatory Chemokines And Cytokines Dominate The Blister Fluid Molecular Signature In Patients With Epidermolysis Bullosa And Affect Leukocyte And Stem Cell Migration., Vitali Alexeev, Julio Cesar Salas-Alanis, Francis Palisson, Lila Mukhtarzada, Giulio Fortuna, Jouni Uitto, Andrew P. South, Olga Igoucheva Nov 2017

Pro-Inflammatory Chemokines And Cytokines Dominate The Blister Fluid Molecular Signature In Patients With Epidermolysis Bullosa And Affect Leukocyte And Stem Cell Migration., Vitali Alexeev, Julio Cesar Salas-Alanis, Francis Palisson, Lila Mukhtarzada, Giulio Fortuna, Jouni Uitto, Andrew P. South, Olga Igoucheva

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Faculty Papers

Hereditary epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is associated with skin blistering and the development of chronic nonhealing wounds. Although clinical studies have shown that cell-based therapies improve wound healing, the recruitment of therapeutic cells to blistering skin and to more advanced skin lesions remains a challenge. Here, we analyzed cytokines and chemokines in blister fluids of patients affected by dystrophic, junctional, and simplex EB. Our analysis revealed high levels of CXCR1, CXCR2, CCR2, and CCR4 ligands, particularly dominant in dystrophic and junctional EB. In vitro migration assays demonstrated the preferential recruitment of CCR4+ lymphocytes and CXCR1+, CXCR2+, …


Endothelial Cell-Derived Microparticles From Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea Hypoxia Syndrome And Coronary Artery Disease Increase Aortic Endothelial Cell Dysfunction., Lixin Jia, Jingyao Fan, Wei Cui, Sa Liu, Na Li, Wayne Bond Lau, Xin-Liang Ma, Jie Du, Shaoping Nie, Yongxiang Wei Nov 2017

Endothelial Cell-Derived Microparticles From Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea Hypoxia Syndrome And Coronary Artery Disease Increase Aortic Endothelial Cell Dysfunction., Lixin Jia, Jingyao Fan, Wei Cui, Sa Liu, Na Li, Wayne Bond Lau, Xin-Liang Ma, Jie Du, Shaoping Nie, Yongxiang Wei

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Obstructive sleep apnea hypoxia syndrome (OSAHS) is an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). Treatment of OSAHS improves clinical outcome in some CAD patients, but the relationship between OSAHS and CAD is complex. Microparticles (MPs) are shed by the plasma membrane by either physiologic or pathologic stimulation. In the current study, we investigated the role of MPs in the context of OSAHS.

METHODS AND RESULTS: 54 patients with both suspected coronary artery stenosis and OSAHS were recruited and underwent both coronary arteriography and polysomnography. Circulating MPs were isolated and analyzed by flow cytometry. CAD+OSAHS patients exhibited greater …


Biological Markers For Pulpal Inflammation: A Systematic Review., Dan-Krister Rechenberg, Johnah C. Galicia, Ove A. Peters Oct 2017

Biological Markers For Pulpal Inflammation: A Systematic Review., Dan-Krister Rechenberg, Johnah C. Galicia, Ove A. Peters

Ove Peters

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Pulpitis is mainly caused by an opportunistic infection of the pulp space with commensal oral microorganisms. Depending on the state of inflammation, different treatment regimes are currently advocated. Predictable vital pulp therapy depends on accurate determination of the pulpal status that will allow repair to occur. The role of several players of the host response in pulpitis is well documented: cytokines, proteases, inflammatory mediators, growth factors, antimicrobial peptides and others contribute to pulpal defense mechanisms; these factors may serve as biomarkers that indicate the status of the pulp. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to …


Effects Of Periodontal Therapy On White Blood Cell Count And Levels Of Transforming Growth Factor Beta In Serum Of Subjects With Severe Periodontitis, A. C. E. Leite, V. M. A. Carneiro, Ana Carolina Morandini, Erivan Schnaider Ramos-Junior, M. C. M. Guimarães Jun 2017

Effects Of Periodontal Therapy On White Blood Cell Count And Levels Of Transforming Growth Factor Beta In Serum Of Subjects With Severe Periodontitis, A. C. E. Leite, V. M. A. Carneiro, Ana Carolina Morandini, Erivan Schnaider Ramos-Junior, M. C. M. Guimarães

Ana Carolina Morandini

This study aimed to investigate the effects of nonsurgical periodontal therapy on white blood cell (WBC) count and levels of transforming growth factor beta (TGF—β) in serum from subjects with severe periodontitis. Serum from 28 subjects with periodontitis (mean age: 34.36±6.24; 32% men) and 27 healthy controls (mean age: 33.18±6.42; 33% men) were collected prior to therapy. Blood samples were obtained from 23 subjects who completed therapy (9—12 months). A well—controlled periodontal treatment protocol was established in three stages: mechanical periodontal therapy (scaling and root planning), reinstrumentation of dental sites, and supportive periodontal therapy. Periodontal and systemic parameters such as …


Longitudinal Peripheral Blood Transcriptional Analysis Of A Patient With Severe Ebola Virus Disease., John C Kash, Kathie-Anne Walters, Jason Kindrachuk, David Baxter, Kelsey Scherler, Krisztina B Janosko, Rick D Adams, Andrew S Herbert, Rebekah M James, Spencer W Stonier, Matthew J Memoli, John M Dye, Richard T Davey, Daniel S Chertow, Jeffery K Taubenberger Apr 2017

Longitudinal Peripheral Blood Transcriptional Analysis Of A Patient With Severe Ebola Virus Disease., John C Kash, Kathie-Anne Walters, Jason Kindrachuk, David Baxter, Kelsey Scherler, Krisztina B Janosko, Rick D Adams, Andrew S Herbert, Rebekah M James, Spencer W Stonier, Matthew J Memoli, John M Dye, Richard T Davey, Daniel S Chertow, Jeffery K Taubenberger

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

The 2013-2015 outbreak of Ebola virus disease in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone was unprecedented in the number of documented cases, but there have been few published reports on immune responses in clinical cases and their relationships with the course of illness and severity of Ebola virus disease. Symptoms of Ebola virus disease can include severe headache, myalgia, asthenia, fever, fatigue, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and hemorrhage. Although experimental treatments are in development, there are no current U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved vaccines or therapies. We report a detailed study of host gene expression as measured by microarray in daily …


Association Of Body Mass Index With Dna Methylation And Gene Expression In Blood Cells And Relations To Cardiometabolic Disease: A Mendelian Randomization Approach, Michael M. Mendelson, Riccardo E. Marioni, Roby Joehanes, Chunyu Liu, Åsa K. Hedman, Stella Aslibekyan, Ellen W. Demerath, Weihua Guan, Degui Zhi, Chen Yao, Tianxiao Huan, Christine Willinger, Brian Chen, Paul Courchesne, Michael Multhaup, Marguerite R. Irvin, Ariella Cohain, Eric E. Schadt, Megan L. Grove, Jan Bressler, Kari North, Johan Sundström, Stefan Gustafsson, Sonia Shah, Allan F. Mcrae, Sarah E. Harris, Jude Gibson, Paul Redmond, Janie Corley, Lee Murphy, Donna K. Arnett Jan 2017

Association Of Body Mass Index With Dna Methylation And Gene Expression In Blood Cells And Relations To Cardiometabolic Disease: A Mendelian Randomization Approach, Michael M. Mendelson, Riccardo E. Marioni, Roby Joehanes, Chunyu Liu, Åsa K. Hedman, Stella Aslibekyan, Ellen W. Demerath, Weihua Guan, Degui Zhi, Chen Yao, Tianxiao Huan, Christine Willinger, Brian Chen, Paul Courchesne, Michael Multhaup, Marguerite R. Irvin, Ariella Cohain, Eric E. Schadt, Megan L. Grove, Jan Bressler, Kari North, Johan Sundström, Stefan Gustafsson, Sonia Shah, Allan F. Mcrae, Sarah E. Harris, Jude Gibson, Paul Redmond, Janie Corley, Lee Murphy, Donna K. Arnett

Epidemiology and Environmental Health Faculty Publications

Background

The link between DNA methylation, obesity, and adiposity-related diseases in the general population remains uncertain.

Methods and Findings

We conducted an association study of body mass index (BMI) and differential methylation for over 400,000 CpGs assayed by microarray in whole-blood-derived DNA from 3,743 participants in the Framingham Heart Study and the Lothian Birth Cohorts, with independent replication in three external cohorts of 4,055 participants. We examined variations in whole blood gene expression and conducted Mendelian randomization analyses to investigate the functional and clinical relevance of the findings. We identified novel and previously reported BMI-related differential methylation at 83 CpGs …


The Role Of Nadph Oxidase Isoform 1 (Nox1) In L-Name-Induced Leukocyte-Endothelial Interactions In Rat Mesenteric Postcapillary Venules, Alita Zabrecky Jan 2017

The Role Of Nadph Oxidase Isoform 1 (Nox1) In L-Name-Induced Leukocyte-Endothelial Interactions In Rat Mesenteric Postcapillary Venules, Alita Zabrecky

PCOM Biomedical Studies Student Scholarship

Vascular endothelial dysfunction is a component of many chronic illnesses such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and hypertension. This dysfunction is initiated by an inflammatory response triggering an increase in leukocyte endothelial interactions. It is characterized by increased oxidative stress often associated with reduced endothelial-derived nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. Activation of NADPH oxidase is a major source of oxidative stress. NADPH oxidase has five NOX and two Doux isoforms. NOX1 is expressed on vascular endothelial and smooth muscle cells, but is not expressed on neutrophils. Therefore, the role of NOX1 in inflammation is not completely clear. A NOX1 selective inhibitor, 2-acetylphenothiazine …


Hematological Effects Of Etomidate And Tricaine In Common Carp, Malgorzata Witeska, Beata Teodorczuk, Katarzyna Lugowska Jan 2017

Hematological Effects Of Etomidate And Tricaine In Common Carp, Malgorzata Witeska, Beata Teodorczuk, Katarzyna Lugowska

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Hematological effects of etomidate and tricaine at concentrations causing general anesthesia or sedation of carp juveniles were compared. Recovery of body balance took similar time in the case of both anesthetics, but fish treated with etomidate were depressed for several hours, while those subjected to tricaine immediately regained normal behavior. Immediately after exposure anesthetics caused minor hematological changes; the only statistically significant effects (decrease of hematocrit and plasma glucose) occurred after sedation with etomidate. One week after exposure a significant increase in mean corpuscular hemoglobin and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration occurred in all groups of fish compared to the previous …


Mononuclear-Macrophages But Not Neutrophils Act As Major Infiltrating Anti-Leptospiral Phagocytes During Leptospirosis., Xu Chen, Shi-Jun Li, David M. Ojcius, Ai-Hua Sun, Wei-Lin Hu, Xu'ai Lin, Jie Yan Jan 2017

Mononuclear-Macrophages But Not Neutrophils Act As Major Infiltrating Anti-Leptospiral Phagocytes During Leptospirosis., Xu Chen, Shi-Jun Li, David M. Ojcius, Ai-Hua Sun, Wei-Lin Hu, Xu'ai Lin, Jie Yan

All Dugoni School of Dentistry Faculty Articles

OBJECTIVE: To identify the major infiltrating phagocytes during leptospirosis and examine the killing mechanism used by the host to eliminate Leptospira interrogans.

METHODS: Major infiltrating phagocytes in Leptospira-infected C3H/HeJ mice were detected by immunohistochemistry. Chemokines and vascular endothelial cell adhesion molecules (VECAMs) of Leptospira-infected mice and leptospirosis patients were detected by microarray and immunohistochemistry. Leptospira-phagocytosing and -killing abilities of human or mouse macrophages and neutrophils, and the roles of intracellular ROS, NO and [Ca2+]i in Leptospira-killing process were evaluated by confocal microscopy and spectrofluorimetry.

RESULTS: Peripheral blood mononuclear-macrophages rather than neutrophils were the main infiltrating phagocytes in the lungs, liver …