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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

The Effect Of Physical Training Program For Fitness Improvement On Sickness Absence Of Workers At A Chemical Company In Indonesia, Anita Johan, Aria Kekalih, Nuri Purwito Adi, Ambar W. Roestam, Dewi S. Soemarko Jan 2023

The Effect Of Physical Training Program For Fitness Improvement On Sickness Absence Of Workers At A Chemical Company In Indonesia, Anita Johan, Aria Kekalih, Nuri Purwito Adi, Ambar W. Roestam, Dewi S. Soemarko

Occupational and Environmental Medicine Journal of Indonesia

Introduction. Sickness absence, which can be caused by an unhealthy lifestyle, is an important productivity parameter for the company. Therefore, there are many wellness programs developed in the workplace in an effort to improve workers’ health, fitness, and productivity. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a physical training program for fitness improvement (VO2 max value) on sickness absence. Methods. This study was conducted by observing the results of the workers' physical training program in the chemical company during 2018, using a cohort retrospective design. SPSS Statistics version 22.0 was used for analysis, with the chi-square …


Law Library Blog (December 2022): Legal Beagle's Blog Archive, Roger Williams University School Of Law Dec 2022

Law Library Blog (December 2022): Legal Beagle's Blog Archive, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Law Library Newsletters/Blog

No abstract provided.


Association Between The Health Belief Model, Exercise, And Nutrition Behaviors During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Keagan Kiely, Bill Mase, Andrew R. Hansen, Jessica S. Schwind Nov 2022

Association Between The Health Belief Model, Exercise, And Nutrition Behaviors During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Keagan Kiely, Bill Mase, Andrew R. Hansen, Jessica S. Schwind

Department of Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and Environmental Health Sciences Faculty Publications

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has affected our nation’s health further than the infection it causes. Physical activity levels and dietary intake have suffered while individuals grapple with the changes in behavior to reduce viral transmission. With unique nuances regarding the access to physical activity and nutrition during the pandemic, the constructs of Health Belief Model (HBM) may present themselves differently in nutrition and exercise behaviors compared to precautions implemented to reduce viral transmission studied in previous research. The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent of exercise and nutritional behavior change during the COVID-19 pandemic and explain the …


Bénéfices D'Un Mode De Vie Physiquement Actif Et Sain, Myra J. Bloom, Gladys Y. X. Chen, Victor R. C. Gomes, Scarlet R. Jost, Andrew S. I. D. Lang, Nancy V. Mankin, Ericka R. Mcmahan, Jonathan A. Merheb, Jingee Mok, Philip P. Nelson, Deborah A. Skinstad, Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya Nov 2022

Bénéfices D'Un Mode De Vie Physiquement Actif Et Sain, Myra J. Bloom, Gladys Y. X. Chen, Victor R. C. Gomes, Scarlet R. Jost, Andrew S. I. D. Lang, Nancy V. Mankin, Ericka R. Mcmahan, Jonathan A. Merheb, Jingee Mok, Philip P. Nelson, Deborah A. Skinstad, Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya

College of Science and Engineering Faculty Research and Scholarship

This research infographic describes how physical activity, physical fitness, and healthy lifestyle behaviours are significantly correlated with undergraduate academic performance and student wellbeing.

Translated versions are available:

English (Original Version)
Bulgarian (Translated by Aleksandra P. Turtova)
Chinese (Translated by Shaofan Li and Gladys Y. X. Chen)
French (Translated by Samuel Saltzmann)
German (Translated by Jan H. R. Woerner)
Japanese (Translated by Nanhee Paik)
Korean (Translated by Ju Yeong Lee)
Portuguese (Translated by Victor R. C. Gomes)
Russian (Translated by Aleksandra P. Turtova)
Spanish (Translated by Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya)


Ползи От Физически Активен И Здравословен Живот, Myra J. Bloom, Gladys Y. X. Chen, Victor R. C. Gomes, Scarlet R. Jost, Andrew S. I. D. Lang, Nancy V. Mankin, Ericka R. Mcmahan, Jonathan A. Merheb, Jingee Mok, Philip P. Nelson, Deborah A. Skinstad, Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya Nov 2022

Ползи От Физически Активен И Здравословен Живот, Myra J. Bloom, Gladys Y. X. Chen, Victor R. C. Gomes, Scarlet R. Jost, Andrew S. I. D. Lang, Nancy V. Mankin, Ericka R. Mcmahan, Jonathan A. Merheb, Jingee Mok, Philip P. Nelson, Deborah A. Skinstad, Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya

College of Science and Engineering Faculty Research and Scholarship

This research infographic describes how physical activity, physical fitness, and healthy lifestyle behaviours are significantly correlated with undergraduate academic performance and student wellbeing.

Translated versions are available:

English (Original Version)
Bulgarian (Translated by Aleksandra P. Turtova)
Chinese (Translated by Shaofan Li and Gladys Y. X. Chen)
French (Translated by Samuel Saltzmann)
German (Translated by Jan H. R. Woerner)
Japanese (Translated by Nanhee Paik)
Korean (Translated by Ju Yeong Lee)
Portuguese (Translated by Victor R. C. Gomes)
Russian (Translated by Aleksandra P. Turtova)
Spanish (Translated by Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya)


활동적이고 건강한 라이프스타일의 이점, Myra J. Bloom, Gladys Y. X. Chen, Victor R. C. Gomes, Scarlet R. Jost, Andrew S. I. D. Lang, Nancy V. Mankin, Ericka R. Mcmahan, Jonathan A. Merheb, Jingee Mok, Philip P. Nelson, Deborah A. Skinstad, Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya Nov 2022

활동적이고 건강한 라이프스타일의 이점, Myra J. Bloom, Gladys Y. X. Chen, Victor R. C. Gomes, Scarlet R. Jost, Andrew S. I. D. Lang, Nancy V. Mankin, Ericka R. Mcmahan, Jonathan A. Merheb, Jingee Mok, Philip P. Nelson, Deborah A. Skinstad, Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya

College of Science and Engineering Faculty Research and Scholarship

This research infographic describes how physical activity, physical fitness, and healthy lifestyle behaviours are significantly correlated with undergraduate academic performance and student wellbeing.

Translated versions are available:

English (Original Version)
Bulgarian (Translated by Aleksandra P. Turtova)
Chinese (Translated by Shaofan Li and Gladys Y. X. Chen)
French (Translated by Samuel Saltzmann)
German (Translated by Jan H. R. Woerner)
Japanese (Translated by Nanhee Paik)
Korean (Translated by Ju Yeong Lee)
Portuguese (Translated by Victor R. C. Gomes)
Russian (Translated by Aleksandra P. Turtova)
Spanish (Translated by Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya)


Преимущества Физически Активного И Здорового Образа Жизни, Myra J. Bloom, Gladys Y. X. Chen, Victor R. C. Gomes, Scarlet R. Jost, Andrew S. I. D. Lang, Nancy V. Mankin, Ericka R. Mcmahan, Jonathan A. Merheb, Jingee Mok, Philip P. Nelson, Deborah A. Skinstad, Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya Nov 2022

Преимущества Физически Активного И Здорового Образа Жизни, Myra J. Bloom, Gladys Y. X. Chen, Victor R. C. Gomes, Scarlet R. Jost, Andrew S. I. D. Lang, Nancy V. Mankin, Ericka R. Mcmahan, Jonathan A. Merheb, Jingee Mok, Philip P. Nelson, Deborah A. Skinstad, Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya

College of Science and Engineering Faculty Research and Scholarship

This research infographic describes how physical activity, physical fitness, and healthy lifestyle behaviours are significantly correlated with undergraduate academic performance and student wellbeing.

Translated versions are available:

English (Original Version)
Bulgarian (Translated by Aleksandra P. Turtova)
Chinese (Translated by Shaofan Li and Gladys Y. X. Chen)
French (Translated by Samuel Saltzmann)
German (Translated by Jan H. R. Woerner)
Japanese (Translated by Nanhee Paik)
Korean (Translated by Ju Yeong Lee)
Portuguese (Translated by Victor R. C. Gomes)
Russian (Translated by Aleksandra P. Turtova)
Spanish (Translated by Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya)


Beneficios De Un Estilo De Vida Activo Y Saludable, Myra J. Bloom, Gladys Y. X. Chen, Victor R. C. Gomes, Scarlet R. Jost, Andrew S. I. D. Lang, Nancy V. Mankin, Ericka R. Mcmahan, Jonathan A. Merheb, Jingee Mok, Philip P. Nelson, Deborah A. Skinstad, Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya Nov 2022

Beneficios De Un Estilo De Vida Activo Y Saludable, Myra J. Bloom, Gladys Y. X. Chen, Victor R. C. Gomes, Scarlet R. Jost, Andrew S. I. D. Lang, Nancy V. Mankin, Ericka R. Mcmahan, Jonathan A. Merheb, Jingee Mok, Philip P. Nelson, Deborah A. Skinstad, Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya

College of Science and Engineering Faculty Research and Scholarship

This research infographic describes how physical activity, physical fitness, and healthy lifestyle behaviours are significantly correlated with undergraduate academic performance and student wellbeing.

Translated versions are available:

English (Original Version)
Bulgarian (Translated by Aleksandra P. Turtova)
Chinese (Translated by Shaofan Li and Gladys Y. X. Chen)
French (Translated by Samuel Saltzmann)
German (Translated by Jan H. R. Woerner)
Japanese (Translated by Nanhee Paik)
Korean (Translated by Ju Yeong Lee)
Portuguese (Translated by Victor R. C. Gomes)
Russian (Translated by Aleksandra P. Turtova)
Spanish (Translated by Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya)


Infographic. Benefits Of A Physically Active & Healthy Lifestyle, Myra J. Bloom, Gladys Y. X. Chen, Victor R. C. Gomes, Scarlet R. Jost, Andrew S. I. D. Lang, Nancy V. Mankin, Ericka R. Mcmahan, Jonathan A. Merheb, Jingee Mok, Philip P. Nelson, Deborah A. Skinstad, Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya Nov 2022

Infographic. Benefits Of A Physically Active & Healthy Lifestyle, Myra J. Bloom, Gladys Y. X. Chen, Victor R. C. Gomes, Scarlet R. Jost, Andrew S. I. D. Lang, Nancy V. Mankin, Ericka R. Mcmahan, Jonathan A. Merheb, Jingee Mok, Philip P. Nelson, Deborah A. Skinstad, Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya

College of Science and Engineering Faculty Research and Scholarship

This research infographic describes how physical activity, physical fitness, and healthy lifestyle behaviours are significantly correlated with undergraduate academic performance and student wellbeing.

Translated versions are available:

English (Original Version)
Bulgarian (Translated by Aleksandra P. Turtova)
Chinese (Translated by Shaofan Li and Gladys Y. X. Chen)
French (Translated by Samuel Saltzmann)
German (Translated by Jan H. R. Woerner)
Japanese (Translated by Nanhee Paik)
Korean (Translated by Ju Yeong Lee)
Portuguese (Translated by Victor R. C. Gomes)
Russian (Translated by Aleksandra P. Turtova)
Spanish (Translated by Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya)


身体活跃和健康生活方式的好处, Myra J. Bloom, Gladys Y. X. Chen, Victor R. C. Gomes, Scarlet R. Jost, Andrew S. I. D. Lang, Nancy V. Mankin, Ericka R. Mcmahan, Jonathan A. Merheb, Jingee Mok, Philip P. Nelson, Deborah A. Skinstad, Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya Nov 2022

身体活跃和健康生活方式的好处, Myra J. Bloom, Gladys Y. X. Chen, Victor R. C. Gomes, Scarlet R. Jost, Andrew S. I. D. Lang, Nancy V. Mankin, Ericka R. Mcmahan, Jonathan A. Merheb, Jingee Mok, Philip P. Nelson, Deborah A. Skinstad, Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya

College of Science and Engineering Faculty Research and Scholarship

This research infographic describes how physical activity, physical fitness, and healthy lifestyle behaviours are significantly correlated with undergraduate academic performance and student wellbeing.

Translated versions are available:

English (Original Version)
Bulgarian (Translated by Aleksandra P. Turtova)
Chinese (Translated by Shaofan Li and Gladys Y. X. Chen)
French (Translated by Samuel Saltzmann)
German (Translated by Jan H. R. Woerner)
Japanese (Translated by Nanhee Paik)
Korean (Translated by Ju Yeong Lee)
Portuguese (Translated by Victor R. C. Gomes)
Russian (Translated by Aleksandra P. Turtova)
Spanish (Translated by Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya)


活動的で健康な生活の利点, Myra J. Bloom, Gladys Y. X. Chen, Victor R. C. Gomes, Scarlet R. Jost, Andrew S. I. D. Lang, Nancy V. Mankin, Ericka R. Mcmahan, Jonathan A. Merheb, Jingee Mok, Philip P. Nelson, Deborah A. Skinstad, Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya Nov 2022

活動的で健康な生活の利点, Myra J. Bloom, Gladys Y. X. Chen, Victor R. C. Gomes, Scarlet R. Jost, Andrew S. I. D. Lang, Nancy V. Mankin, Ericka R. Mcmahan, Jonathan A. Merheb, Jingee Mok, Philip P. Nelson, Deborah A. Skinstad, Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya

College of Science and Engineering Faculty Research and Scholarship

This research infographic describes how physical activity, physical fitness, and healthy lifestyle behaviours are significantly correlated with undergraduate academic performance and student wellbeing.

Translated versions are available:

English (Original Version)
Bulgarian (Translated by Aleksandra P. Turtova)
Chinese (Translated by Shaofan Li and Gladys Y. X. Chen)
French (Translated by Samuel Saltzmann)
German (Translated by Jan H. R. Woerner)
Japanese (Translated by Nanhee Paik)
Korean (Translated by Ju Yeong Lee)
Portuguese (Translated by Victor R. C. Gomes)
Russian (Translated by Aleksandra P. Turtova)
Spanish (Translated by Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya)


Benefícios De Uma Vida Ativa E Saudável, Myra J. Bloom, Gladys Y. X. Chen, Victor R. C. Gomes, Scarlet R. Jost, Andrew S. I. D. Lang, Nancy V. Mankin, Ericka R. Mcmahan, Jonathan A. Merheb, Jingee Mok, Philip P. Nelson, Deborah A. Skinstad, Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya Nov 2022

Benefícios De Uma Vida Ativa E Saudável, Myra J. Bloom, Gladys Y. X. Chen, Victor R. C. Gomes, Scarlet R. Jost, Andrew S. I. D. Lang, Nancy V. Mankin, Ericka R. Mcmahan, Jonathan A. Merheb, Jingee Mok, Philip P. Nelson, Deborah A. Skinstad, Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya

College of Science and Engineering Faculty Research and Scholarship

This research infographic describes how physical activity, physical fitness, and healthy lifestyle behaviours are significantly correlated with undergraduate academic performance and student wellbeing.

Translated versions are available:

English (Original Version)
Bulgarian (Translated by Aleksandra P. Turtova)
Chinese (Translated by Shaofan Li and Gladys Y. X. Chen)
French (Translated by Samuel Saltzmann)
German (Translated by Jan H. R. Woerner)
Japanese (Translated by Nanhee Paik)
Korean (Translated by Ju Yeong Lee)
Portuguese (Translated by Victor R. C. Gomes)
Russian (Translated by Aleksandra P. Turtova)
Spanish (Translated by Enrique F. Valderrama-Araya)


Age-Related Changes In Skeletal Muscle Oxygen Utilization: A Review, Maxwell T. Aiken, Sabrina S. Salvatore, Kyle N. Zelenski, Ryan K. Perkins Nov 2022

Age-Related Changes In Skeletal Muscle Oxygen Utilization: A Review, Maxwell T. Aiken, Sabrina S. Salvatore, Kyle N. Zelenski, Ryan K. Perkins

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

The cardiovascular and skeletal muscle systems are intrinsically interconnected, sharing the goal of delivering oxygen to metabolically active tissue. Deficiencies within those systems that affect oxygen delivery to working tissues are a hallmark of advancing age. Oxygen delivery and utilization are reflected as muscle oxygen saturation (SmO2) and may be assessed using near-infrared resonance spectroscopy (NIRS). PURPOSE: This review is intended to provide an update on the current state of literature regarding age-related effects on SmO2. Furthermore, we attempt to bridge the gap between SmO2 and associated underlying mechanisms affected by aging. FINDINGS: SmO …


Mitochondrial Integrity Distinguishes Exercise-Induced Vs. Pathogenic Cardiac Hypertrophy, Nicole Lee Yang Nov 2022

Mitochondrial Integrity Distinguishes Exercise-Induced Vs. Pathogenic Cardiac Hypertrophy, Nicole Lee Yang

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Cardiac hypertrophy is a consequence of exercise training, as well as certain cardiomyopathies. However, the key genetic drivers of cardiomyocellular remodeling in a healthy vs diseased heart are inadequately understood. PURPOSE: Determine the genetic architecture of exercise training-induced cardiomyocellular remodeling and hypertrophy. METHODS: The exercise hybrid mouse diversity panel (ExcHMDP) is comprised of 100 strains of Exc trained (TRN) and sedentary (SED) animals (n=4-8/strain per group). After 30d of exercise, running wheels were locked, and 24-hours post-exercise, 6h-fasted animals were euthanized and tissues harvested (~20 tissues/mouse). To interrogate pathogenic cardiac hypertrophy, isoproterenol (ISO, 30mg/kg/day for 21d) was administered to …


The Relationship Between Catecholamines And Lactate Concentration In Response To Exercise In Adolescents With Obesity, Vincent Vuong, Daniela Rubin Nov 2022

The Relationship Between Catecholamines And Lactate Concentration In Response To Exercise In Adolescents With Obesity, Vincent Vuong, Daniela Rubin

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Epinephrine is a catabolic hormone that increases metabolism through glycolysis and glycogenolysis. During exercise, accelerated glycogen and glucose breakdown is associated with increased lactate production. Previous studies show obesity (OB) decreases the epinephrine response during exercise potentially affecting glucose metabolism and lactate production. PURPOSE: To compare the epinephrine and lactate responses in adolescents with OB and adolescents with normal weight (NW) and to determine if changes in epinephrine and lactate concentrations are associated. METHODS: 12 adolescents with OB (9.2 ± 1.2 y, 39.9 ± 6.8% body fat) and 12 adolescents with NW (17.5 ± 4.6% body fat) completed …


Different Resistance Training Protocols During The Crunch Exercise Affect Muscle Thickness, Echo-Intensity, Load Lifted, And Perception Of Effort In Recreationally-Trained Participants., Keanna J. Sullivan, Paulo H. Marchetti Nov 2022

Different Resistance Training Protocols During The Crunch Exercise Affect Muscle Thickness, Echo-Intensity, Load Lifted, And Perception Of Effort In Recreationally-Trained Participants., Keanna J. Sullivan, Paulo H. Marchetti

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

The correct choice of the acute variables is another important component of a resistance training (RT) session. The combination of intensity and volume is fundamental to determine the dose-response in a RT session and can induce specific metabolic and mechanical stress in the muscle. PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate acute dose-response of different volume x intensity RT protocols with equated total volume (40 repetitions) during the crunch exercise on muscle thickness, echo-intensity, load lifted, and rating of perceived exertion in recreationally-trained participants. METHODS: Fifteen resistance-trained participants (23±3years, 76.4±6.5kg, 173.3±6.5cm) performed the abdominal crunch exercise …


Effects Of Acute Aerobic Exercise On Circulating Stlr And Srage Profiles In Normoglycemic And Insulin-Resistant Individuals, Ryan K. Perkins Nov 2022

Effects Of Acute Aerobic Exercise On Circulating Stlr And Srage Profiles In Normoglycemic And Insulin-Resistant Individuals, Ryan K. Perkins

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Impaired blood glucose regulation as a consequence of insulin resistance is linked to development of many clinical conditions, including cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer’s, and skeletal muscle wasting via inflammatory processes. Recent evidence suggests circulating solubilized Toll-Like Receptor (sTLR) and Receptor for Advanced Glycation Endproducts (sRAGE) originate from skeletal muscle and are related to glucose management and inflammation. PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to explore 1) relationships among sTLR and sRAGE profiles and indices of metabolic health and 2) sTLR and sRAGE responses to an acute bout of aerobic exercise (AE) in normoglycemic (NG) and insulin-resistant (IR) individuals. We hypothesized …


The Relationship Between Physical Activity And Quality Of Sleep In College Students, Jaidyn N. Olson, Sarah Dunn Nov 2022

The Relationship Between Physical Activity And Quality Of Sleep In College Students, Jaidyn N. Olson, Sarah Dunn

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

In addition to the rigors of academic life post pandemic, students are often faced with balancing a healthy mindset, extracurricular activities, family time, and employment, all while pursuing their future professional career. Each of these endeavors takes time and effort on the part of the individual. When stressed with little time to spare, health behaviors in a college student are typically last on the list of priorities and often physical activity and sleep get the least amount of attention. While both sleep and physical activity have been shown to benefit college student success, they are more often than not, forgotten. …


Effects Of Time-Restricted Exercise On Training Induced Adaptations In Mice, Graham R. Mcginnis, Michael Dial, Elias M. Malek, Greco Neblina, Austin Cooper Nov 2022

Effects Of Time-Restricted Exercise On Training Induced Adaptations In Mice, Graham R. Mcginnis, Michael Dial, Elias M. Malek, Greco Neblina, Austin Cooper

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Recent studies have shown that the time of day that exercise is performed can alter the physiological and molecular response. However, very few studies have investigated the longitudinal effects of time-of-day dependent training. Identification of an optimal exercise timing could lead to subsequent exercise prescriptions to elicit specific adaptations based on desired outcomes in healthy or disease populations.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine if voluntary exercise performed at different times of day would alter the physiological response to training. METHODS: Male C57BL/6 mice (Jackson Labs) housed on a strict 12:12 light dark cycle performed …


Feasibility And Preliminary Efficacy Of Implementing A Group-Mediated Cognitive Behavioral Resistance Exercise Intervention In Head And Neck Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemoradiation Treatment, Kathryn Dispennette, Dukagjin Blakaj, Megan Kilar, Zachary Chaplow, Jessica Bowman, Victoria Descenza, Xiaochen Zhang, Brian Focht Nov 2022

Feasibility And Preliminary Efficacy Of Implementing A Group-Mediated Cognitive Behavioral Resistance Exercise Intervention In Head And Neck Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemoradiation Treatment, Kathryn Dispennette, Dukagjin Blakaj, Megan Kilar, Zachary Chaplow, Jessica Bowman, Victoria Descenza, Xiaochen Zhang, Brian Focht

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Head and neck cancer (HNCa) patients report some of the lowest quality of life (QOL) compared to other cancer populations, due to the clinically meaningful deficits in muscle mass, called cancer cachexia, and physical function that are associated with the established standard of care, which includes Chemoradiation therapy (CRT). PURPOSE: Determine the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of implementing a group-mediated cognitive behavioral (GMCB) resistance exercise (RE) intervention in HNCa patients undergoing CRT. METHODS: The HNCaRE study was a single-arm, pilot trial designed to evaluate the safety, feasibility, and preliminary efficacy of implementing a GMCB personalized RE intervention in …


Self-Efficacy For Exercise Influences Quality Of Life, Tanya Alvarez, Sarah Dunn Nov 2022

Self-Efficacy For Exercise Influences Quality Of Life, Tanya Alvarez, Sarah Dunn

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Purpose: Assessing the influence self-efficacy (motivation) for exercise had on both perceived physical and mental health (aka; quality of life) in college students. Methods: College/university students (>18 years) from any institution were recruited to participate in an online research study. The students were asked to volunteer in a cross-sectional Qualtrics survey sent through different forms of communication; flyers, announcements, and an electronic email. Participants were asked to answer a series of questions; however, for this particular study, the main focus was perceived physical and mental health measured with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Health-Related Quality of Life …


One Year Effects Of Rock Steady Boxing Exercise In Parkinson’S Disease, Stephanie Mercado, Tianna Wehby, Maria Bellumori Nov 2022

One Year Effects Of Rock Steady Boxing Exercise In Parkinson’S Disease, Stephanie Mercado, Tianna Wehby, Maria Bellumori

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive, neurodegenerative disease resulting in physical function decline. Exercise slows the progression of PD. Rock Steady Boxing (RSB) is a high-intensity, non-contact boxing program designed for people with PD. While it is typically ideal to obtain measurable improvements upon starting an exercise regimen, due to the progressive nature of PD and ensuing decline in function, maintenance is a primary goal in this population. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether an RSB program maintains physical function in people with PD. METHODS: Eighteen people with PD (Hoehn-Yahr levels 1-4, ages 65-83) completed tests …


Academic Stress And Motivation For Physical Activity In College Students, Gustavo Donis-Castro, Sarah Dunn Nov 2022

Academic Stress And Motivation For Physical Activity In College Students, Gustavo Donis-Castro, Sarah Dunn

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

PURPOSE: Stress and the college experience go hand in hand. Stress has been shown to negatively impact a college student’s life and their confidence. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the influence that academic stress in college students has on one's motivation to participate in physical activity (PA). METHODS: An Institutional Review Board approved Qualtrics, cross-sectional online survey was conducted during the fall 2021 term. This study utilized the 13-item Perceived Stress Inventory (PSI), and 9-item Self-Efficacy for Exercise (SEE), based on studies by Avdija, A. S. (2018) and Resnick, et al. (2000) respectively. Questions …


The Impact Of Squat Velocity On Force, Power, And Muscle Activity, Kyle D. Puccini, James Baldonado, Bonnie Yee, Christie R. O'Hara Nov 2022

The Impact Of Squat Velocity On Force, Power, And Muscle Activity, Kyle D. Puccini, James Baldonado, Bonnie Yee, Christie R. O'Hara

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

The squat is a thoroughly examined movement pattern and commonly used in sport performance training protocols, rehabilitation programs, and recreational exercise. Previous research measuring absolute strength has shown hamstring muscle activity in a six-repetition max barbell back squats. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of varying squat velocities (25, 50, 75 deg/s) on force, power, and the activation of the quadricep and hamstring muscles. Using a single-blind randomized research design, we hypothesized that hamstring muscle activity will increase at faster squat velocities. Our secondary hypothesis is that peak power will occur at 50 deg/s and …


Exercise And Esr1 Control Mitochondrial Content And Function To Regulate Adiposity, Alice M. Ma, Nicole Lee Yang, Alexander R. Strumwasser, Zhenqi Zhou, Andrea L. Hevener Nov 2022

Exercise And Esr1 Control Mitochondrial Content And Function To Regulate Adiposity, Alice M. Ma, Nicole Lee Yang, Alexander R. Strumwasser, Zhenqi Zhou, Andrea L. Hevener

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Mechanisms that underlie adipose tissue remodeling to enhance metabolic health in response to exercise training remain inadequately understood. PURPOSE: We utilized mouse genetics and human GWAS to determine the impact of exercise training on mitochondrial DNA copy number, and interrogate the relationship between Esr1 and adipose tissue health. METHODS: We performed RNAseq on adipose tissue from 100 strains of inbred mice following exercise training and determined mitochondrial content by qPCR. We performed deep phenotyping of mice harboring conditional Esr1 overexpression selectively in adipose tissue. Adipose specific Esr1 overexpression and control mice were fed a high fat diet and …


The Effects Of Acute High-Intensity Interval Exercise And Hyperinsulinemic-Euglycemic Clamp On Osteoglycin Levels In Young And Middle-Aged Men, Carlie Bauer, Alexander Tacey, Andrew Garnham, Cassandra Smith, Mary N. Woessner, Xuzhu Lin, Navabeh Zarekookandeh, David L. Hare, Joshua R. Lewis, Lewan Parker, Itamar Levinger Nov 2022

The Effects Of Acute High-Intensity Interval Exercise And Hyperinsulinemic-Euglycemic Clamp On Osteoglycin Levels In Young And Middle-Aged Men, Carlie Bauer, Alexander Tacey, Andrew Garnham, Cassandra Smith, Mary N. Woessner, Xuzhu Lin, Navabeh Zarekookandeh, David L. Hare, Joshua R. Lewis, Lewan Parker, Itamar Levinger

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Osteoglycin (OGN) is a leucine-rich proteoglycan that has been implicated in the regulation of glucose in animal models. However, its relationship with glucose control in humans is unclear. We examined the effect of high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) and hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp on circulating levels of OGN as well as whether circulating OGN levels are associated with markers of glycemic control and cardio-metabolic health. Serum was analyzed for OGN (ELISA) levels from 9 middle-aged obese men (58.1 ± 2.2 years, body mass index [BMI] = 33.1 ± 1.4 kg∙m − 2, mean ± SEM) and 9 young men (27.8 ± 1.6 …


Increased Access To Physical Activity For School-Aged Children In Community Settings, Kathleen Cobb, Alexandra Peary, Ashley Ricker, Leah Wilcox Oct 2022

Increased Access To Physical Activity For School-Aged Children In Community Settings, Kathleen Cobb, Alexandra Peary, Ashley Ricker, Leah Wilcox

Non-Thesis Student Work

Childhood obesity has reached unprecedented levels in the United States, which often continues into adulthood. Physical activity (PA) has shown to be an effective strategy in combating obesity in children by improving cardiovascular health and decreasing metabolic disease in adulthood. This literature review explored the effect of increased access to PA opportunities in community settings on the amount of time children ages 5-18 spent being physically active. Search of the literature included Google Scholar and CINAHL databases using the following terms: “child*,” “obesity,” “physical activity OR exercise,” “built environment,” and “school.” Inclusion criteria included peer-reviewed articles published from 2017-2022 with …


Cost Analysis Of Implementing An Exercise Program For Fall And Fracture Prevention In Older Adults On Proton Pump Inhibitor Therapy, Thomas Adam Wichelmann, Nhan Dang, David H. Kruchko, Sufyan Abdulmujeeb, Eli D. Ehrenpreis Oct 2022

Cost Analysis Of Implementing An Exercise Program For Fall And Fracture Prevention In Older Adults On Proton Pump Inhibitor Therapy, Thomas Adam Wichelmann, Nhan Dang, David H. Kruchko, Sufyan Abdulmujeeb, Eli D. Ehrenpreis

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Falls have significant financial impact. Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy is associated with an increased risk of falls and fractures. Exercise programs have been shown to decrease risk of falls in the elderly population and are recommended by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force for patients over age 65 to reduce falls. Our study aimed to explore the potential financial benefit of implementing three different Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-recommended exercise-based interventions for fall prevention (Tai Chi, Stepping On, and Otago Exercise Program) in ≥ 65-year-old patients on PPI therapy.

Methods: A Markov model was developed to predict …


Comparison Of The Effect Of Aerobic And Resistance Exercise On Short Term Memory On Healthy Adults, Frederick P. Wijaya, Ery Hermawati M.Sc, Willy Handoko M.Biomed Oct 2022

Comparison Of The Effect Of Aerobic And Resistance Exercise On Short Term Memory On Healthy Adults, Frederick P. Wijaya, Ery Hermawati M.Sc, Willy Handoko M.Biomed

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

Background: Exercise is known to improve the cognitive function, including short-term memory. Exercise can induce structural and functional changes of the brain, i.e. synaptic plasticity. Exercise is categorized into two groups: aerobic exercise and resistance exercise. Studies have shown that both groups of exercises can improve short-term memory function.

Objectives: this research is aimed to compare the effect of aerobic and resistance exercise on short-term memory on healthy adults.

Methods: Participants were given the choice to be admitted into either exercise group, aerobic or resistance. Short-term memory (forward digit span) were measured before and after the intervention.

Results: there were …


Establishing Safe Thresholds To Improve Exercise Capacity In Collegiate Athletes With Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Ibd): A Critically Appraised Topic, Emily C. Roberts, Jenny Toonstra, Andrea Cripps Oct 2022

Establishing Safe Thresholds To Improve Exercise Capacity In Collegiate Athletes With Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Ibd): A Critically Appraised Topic, Emily C. Roberts, Jenny Toonstra, Andrea Cripps

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

Clinical Scenario: Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) can present several challenges to athletic participation due to unpredictable disease activity and uncontrollable systemic symptoms that severely impact daily activities, and limit exercise/sports participation. Limited studies and a lack of standardized guidelines for physical activity (PA) and exercise are additional barriers for patients. Limited sources have determined that exercise interventions of low-to-moderate intensity are safe and feasible for IBD patients. In theory, such interventions could promote improvements in exercise capacity and overall well-being. Focused Clinical Question: Is there evidence to suggest that established safe exercise-intensities promote improvements in exercise capacity in collegiate athletes …