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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Management Of Cryptogenic Stroke Secondary To Large Asd With Percutaneous Occluder Device And Antiplatelet Drugs., Riya Gupta, Naveed Iqbal Jan 2024

Management Of Cryptogenic Stroke Secondary To Large Asd With Percutaneous Occluder Device And Antiplatelet Drugs., Riya Gupta, Naveed Iqbal

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Atrial septal defects (ASD) represent the most common congenital heart disease diagnosed in adult population and can present with variable clinical findings. Recent literature emphasizes the importance of management of ASD especially if it is associated with structural right heart changes such as RV dysfunction, right ventricular enlargement, arrythmias or paradoxical embolism.

The decision between medical therapy versus surgical closure of ASD is a common clinical conundrum especially in the setting of cryptogenic stroke.


Standard Median Sternotomy Versus Minimally Invasive Approach For Atrial Septal Defect Closure In Adults, Ahmed S. Ali, Ahmed G. Abd El Fattah Fahmy, Hatem K. Madkour, Reham M. Salah Eldin Ahmed Jan 2023

Standard Median Sternotomy Versus Minimally Invasive Approach For Atrial Septal Defect Closure In Adults, Ahmed S. Ali, Ahmed G. Abd El Fattah Fahmy, Hatem K. Madkour, Reham M. Salah Eldin Ahmed

Journal of Medicine in Scientific Research

Background

Atrial septal defects (ASDs) in adults and adolescents are not uncommon. Surgical ASD closure through a standard median sternotomy (SMS) has become less attractive approach in favor of minimally invasive techniques, especially in young female patients.

Objective

The aim was to compare early postoperative outcomes of surgically closed secundum ASDs through a SMS approach versus minimally invasive right anterolateral thoracotomy (MIRAT) approach in adults.

Patients and methods

The authors prospectively studied 60 adult patients who had their secundum ASD anomalies surgically closed at National Heart Institute between the period of September 2020 and February 2022. A total of 30 …


Factors Determining Occurrence Of Arrhythmias In Patients Post-Closure Of Atrial Septal Defects, Nouran Mostafa Mansour, Raghda Ghonimy El Sheikh, Ayman Mohamed Elsaeid, Mohammed El Sayed El-Setiha, Seham Fahmy Badr Aug 2021

Factors Determining Occurrence Of Arrhythmias In Patients Post-Closure Of Atrial Septal Defects, Nouran Mostafa Mansour, Raghda Ghonimy El Sheikh, Ayman Mohamed Elsaeid, Mohammed El Sayed El-Setiha, Seham Fahmy Badr

Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

Objectives: This study aimed to determine the risk factors for the occurrence of arrhythmias after either transcatheter or surgical closure of atrial septal defect. Methods: This prospective study included 150 patients admitted for transcatheter or surgical closure of atrial septal defect. Transthoracic echocardiography together with a twelve-leads ECG were done during 1 and 3 months follow up. The paired T, chi-square and Logistic regression tests were used to detect any association between any arrhythmias and factors that may affect its occurrence. Results: One-hundred and twenty-three patients had percutaneous device closure while the remaining 27 patients had surgical closure. The youngest …


Contemporary Epidemiology Of Rising Atrial Septal Defect Trends Across Usa 1991–2016: A Combined Ecological Geospatiotemporal And Causal Inferential Study, Albert Stuart Reece, Gary Kenneth Hulse Jan 2020

Contemporary Epidemiology Of Rising Atrial Septal Defect Trends Across Usa 1991–2016: A Combined Ecological Geospatiotemporal And Causal Inferential Study, Albert Stuart Reece, Gary Kenneth Hulse

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

© 2020, The Author(s). Background: Cardiovascular anomalies are the largest group of congenital anomalies and the major cause of death in young children, with various data linking rising atrial septal defect incidence (ASDI) with prenatal cannabis exposure. Objectives / Hypotheses. Is cannabis associated with ASDI in USA? Is this relationship causal? Methods: Geospatiotemporal cohort study, 1991–2016. Census populations of adults, babies, congenital anomalies, income and ethnicity. Drug exposure data on cigarettes, alcohol abuse, past month cannabis use, analgesia abuse and cocaine taken from National Survey of Drug Use and Health (78.9% response rate). Cannabinoid concentrations from Drug Enforcement Agency. Inverse …


Broad Spectrum Epidemiological Contribution Of Cannabis And Other Substances To The Teratological Profile Of Northern New South Wales: Geospatial And Causal Inference Analysis, Albert Stuart Reece, Gary Kenneth Hulse Jan 2020

Broad Spectrum Epidemiological Contribution Of Cannabis And Other Substances To The Teratological Profile Of Northern New South Wales: Geospatial And Causal Inference Analysis, Albert Stuart Reece, Gary Kenneth Hulse

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

© 2020, The Author(s). Background: Whilst cannabis commercialization is occurring rapidly guided by highly individualistic public narratives, evidence that all congenital anomalies (CA) increase alongside cannabis use in Canada, a link with 21 CA’s in Hawaii, and rising CA’s in Colorado indicate that transgenerational effects can be significant and impact public health. It was therefore important to study Northern New South Wales (NNSW) where cannabis use is high. Methods: Design: Cohort. 2008–2015. Setting: NNSW and Queensland (QLD), Australia. Participants. Whole populations. Exposures. Tobacco, alcohol, cannabis. Source: National Drug Strategy Household Surveys 2010, 2013. Main Outcomes. CA Rates. NNSW-QLD comparisons. Geospatial …


The Effect Of Percutaneous Closure Of Large Atrial Septal Defects On Right Ventricular Function In Adults, Armaan Shaikh, Alejandro Lopez-Mas, Suhail Allaqaband, Bijoy K. Khandheria, Abraham Getenet, Matt M. Umland, Maharaj Singh, Tanvir Bajwa Nov 2015

The Effect Of Percutaneous Closure Of Large Atrial Septal Defects On Right Ventricular Function In Adults, Armaan Shaikh, Alejandro Lopez-Mas, Suhail Allaqaband, Bijoy K. Khandheria, Abraham Getenet, Matt M. Umland, Maharaj Singh, Tanvir Bajwa

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Percutaneous closure of atrial septal defects has been shown to be a safe alternative to surgery. Despite this, past studies have largely been focused on either small- to medium-sized atrial septal defects or percutaneous closure in children and young adults.

Purpose: Our study sought to examine if right ventricular function and size improved after percutaneous closure of large atrial septal defects in the adult population.

Methods: Over a 5-year span, 25 patients underwent percutaneous closure of a secundum atrial septal defect with an occluder device. A retrospective examination was conducted for each patient, including both echocardiography and chart review …


Towards Image-Guided Pediatric Atrial Septal Defect Repair, Fuad Mefleh Aug 2014

Towards Image-Guided Pediatric Atrial Septal Defect Repair, Fuad Mefleh

All Dissertations

Congenital heart disease occurs in 107.6 out of 10,000 live births, with Atrial Septal Defects (ASD) accounting for 10\% of these conditions. Historically, ASDs were treated with open heart surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass, allowing a patch to be sewn over the defect. In 1976, King et al. demonstrated use of a transcatheter occlusion procedure, thus reducing the invasiveness of ASD repair. Localization during these catheter based procedures traditionally has relied on bi-plane fluoroscopy; more recently trans-esophageal echocardiography (TEE) and intra-cardiac echocardiography (ICE) have been used to navigate these procedures. Although there is a high success rate using the transcatheter occlusion …


Diversion Of The Inferior Vena Cava Following Repair Of Atrial Septal Defect Causing Hypoxemia, Ellen A. Thompson, Silvestre Cansino, Dennis Moritz, Romaine Perdue Perdue Apr 2014

Diversion Of The Inferior Vena Cava Following Repair Of Atrial Septal Defect Causing Hypoxemia, Ellen A. Thompson, Silvestre Cansino, Dennis Moritz, Romaine Perdue Perdue

Silvestre P. Cansino

Atrial septal defects (ASDs) are a common congenital abnormality, and operative repair is a routine, safe procedure. Diversion of the inferior vena cava (IVC) into the left atrium is an unusual complication following ASD closure. We report a case that illustrates the problem created by this right-to-left shunt. A middle-aged woman underwent ASD repair. She developed hypoxemia postoperatively. A transthoracic echocardiogram confirmed a right-to-left shunt, found only with agitated saline injected into the femoral vein, not into the basilic vein. Surgical reexploration revealed a residual ASD diverting IVC flow into the left atrium, which was repaired with a pericardial patch. …


Diversion Of The Inferior Vena Cava Following Repair Of Atrial Septal Defect Causing Hypoxemia, Ellen A. Thompson, Silvestre Cansino, Dennis Moritz, Romaine Perdue Perdue Apr 2014

Diversion Of The Inferior Vena Cava Following Repair Of Atrial Septal Defect Causing Hypoxemia, Ellen A. Thompson, Silvestre Cansino, Dennis Moritz, Romaine Perdue Perdue

Ellen A. Thompson

Atrial septal defects (ASDs) are a common congenital abnormality, and operative repair is a routine, safe procedure. Diversion of the inferior vena cava (IVC) into the left atrium is an unusual complication following ASD closure. We report a case that illustrates the problem created by this right-to-left shunt. A middle-aged woman underwent ASD repair. She developed hypoxemia postoperatively. A transthoracic echocardiogram confirmed a right-to-left shunt, found only with agitated saline injected into the femoral vein, not into the basilic vein. Surgical reexploration revealed a residual ASD diverting IVC flow into the left atrium, which was repaired with a pericardial patch. …


Congenital Secundum Atrial Septal Defect And Membranous Ventricular Septal Defect In A Newborn Holstein-Friesian Calf, Ayşe Haligür, Mehmet Haligür, Özlem Özmen Jan 2011

Congenital Secundum Atrial Septal Defect And Membranous Ventricular Septal Defect In A Newborn Holstein-Friesian Calf, Ayşe Haligür, Mehmet Haligür, Özlem Özmen

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Congenital secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) and membranous ventricular septal defect (VSD) were diagnosed in a 1-day-old Holstein-Friesian calf necropsied in the Department of Pathology of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University. The secundum atrial septal defect was 32.9 × 23.1 mm in width and was elliptical. The membranous ventricular septal defect was 25.3 × 18.5 mm in width and was round to oval in shape. Both atrial and ventricular septal defects were stained with hematoxylin-eosin and Van Gieson's stain. Histopathological examination showed that the defects mainly consisted of numerous muscle cells and, in some areas, dense fibrous connective tissue.


The Utility Of Modified Butler-Leggett Criteria For Right Ventricular Hypertrophy In Detection Of Clinically Significant Shunt Ratio In Ostium Secundum-Type Atrial Septal Defect In Adults, Adeel M. Siddiqui, Zainab Samad, Nina Hakacova, James Kinsella, Cary Ward, Michael White, Anna Lisa C. Crowley, Galen S. Wagner, J. Kevin Harrison Mar 2010

The Utility Of Modified Butler-Leggett Criteria For Right Ventricular Hypertrophy In Detection Of Clinically Significant Shunt Ratio In Ostium Secundum-Type Atrial Septal Defect In Adults, Adeel M. Siddiqui, Zainab Samad, Nina Hakacova, James Kinsella, Cary Ward, Michael White, Anna Lisa C. Crowley, Galen S. Wagner, J. Kevin Harrison

Section of Cardiology

Background: This study was performed to test the hypothesis that there exists a correlation between the Butler-Leggett (BL) criterion for right ventricular hypertrophy on the electrocardiogram and the Qp/Qs shunt ratio in adults with ostium secundum atrial septal defects (ASDs).

Methods: Demographic, cardiac catheterization, ASD closure, and electrocardiographic data were acquired on 70 patients with secundum ASDs closed percutaneously. Simple linear regression and logistic regression models were created to test the hypothesis.

Results: The mean Qp/Qs ratio and BL criterion value were 1.61 +/- 0.46 and 0.11 +/- 0.41, respectively. The BL criterion values correlated with shunt ratios (r(2) = …


Diversion Of The Inferior Vena Cava Following Repair Of Atrial Septal Defect Causing Hypoxemia, Ellen A. Thompson, Silvestre Cansino, Dennis Moritz, Romaine Perdue Perdue May 2004

Diversion Of The Inferior Vena Cava Following Repair Of Atrial Septal Defect Causing Hypoxemia, Ellen A. Thompson, Silvestre Cansino, Dennis Moritz, Romaine Perdue Perdue

Internal Medicine

Atrial septal defects (ASDs) are a common congenital abnormality, and operative repair is a routine, safe procedure. Diversion of the inferior vena cava (IVC) into the left atrium is an unusual complication following ASD closure. We report a case that illustrates the problem created by this right-to-left shunt. A middle-aged woman underwent ASD repair. She developed hypoxemia postoperatively. A transthoracic echocardiogram confirmed a right-to-left shunt, found only with agitated saline injected into the femoral vein, not into the basilic vein. Surgical reexploration revealed a residual ASD diverting IVC flow into the left atrium, which was repaired with a pericardial patch. …