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2020

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Articles 1 - 30 of 11034

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Gender In The Time Of Covid-19: Evaluating National Leadership And Covid-19 Fatalities, Leah C. Windsor, Gina Yannitell Reinhardt, Alistair J. Windsor, Robert Ostergard, Susan Allen, Courtney Burns, Jarod Giger, Reed Wood Dec 2020

Gender In The Time Of Covid-19: Evaluating National Leadership And Covid-19 Fatalities, Leah C. Windsor, Gina Yannitell Reinhardt, Alistair J. Windsor, Robert Ostergard, Susan Allen, Courtney Burns, Jarod Giger, Reed Wood

Social Work Faculty Publications

In this paper we explore whether countries led by women have fared better during the COVID-19 pandemic than those led by men. Media and public health officials have lauded the perceived gender-related influence on policies and strategies for reducing the deleterious effects of the pandemic. We examine this proposition by analyzing COVID-19-related deaths globally across countries led by men and women. While we find some limited support for lower reported fatality rates in countries led by women, they are not statistically significant. Country cultural values offer more substantive explanation for COVID-19 outcomes. We offer several potential explanations for the pervasive …


Right To Play's Intervention To Reduce Peer Violence Among Children In Public Schools In Pakistan: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial, Rozina Karmaliani, Judith Mcfarlane, Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja, Yasmeen Hassan Somani, Shireen Shehzad, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Nargis Asad, Esnat D. Chirwa, Rachel Jewkes Dec 2020

Right To Play's Intervention To Reduce Peer Violence Among Children In Public Schools In Pakistan: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial, Rozina Karmaliani, Judith Mcfarlane, Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja, Yasmeen Hassan Somani, Shireen Shehzad, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Nargis Asad, Esnat D. Chirwa, Rachel Jewkes

School of Nursing & Midwifery

Background: Peer violence is common globally, but a little researched topic in low-and middle-income countries. This study presents the evaluation of a two-year randomized controlled trial of a structured play-based life-skills intervention implemented in schools in Hyderabad, Pakistan.
Objective: To determine the impact of the intervention on school-based peer violence (victimization and perpetration) and depression among school children.
Methods: 40 single-sex public schools were randomized into two study arms (20 per arm 10 of each sex). A total of 1752 grade 6 students (929 from intervention and 823 from control schools) were enrolled in the trial. The two-year intervention was …


Pathogenesis And Onset Of Tinnitus And Use Of Holistic And Traditional Audiological Approaches For Management, Christy Mahrt, Antony Joseph Dec 2020

Pathogenesis And Onset Of Tinnitus And Use Of Holistic And Traditional Audiological Approaches For Management, Christy Mahrt, Antony Joseph

AuD Capstone Projects - Communication Sciences and Disorders

Introduction: Tinnitus is the subjective sensation of noise perceived at the peripheral or central level. Occasionally, tinnitus perception may be severe enough to present debilitating effects on daily activities. The occurrence of tinnitus can be related to occupational or non-occupational hazardous noise exposure. Case Presentation: A 60-year-old male presented with bilateral tinnitus with an initial onset at age 21. The progression of his tinnitus has caused disruptions in sleeping patterns and concentration. His history included extensive occupational and non-occupational noise exposure. Discussion: Hearing conservation is an important aspect of facilitating tinnitus management for individuals who have noise-related tinnitus. Hearing aids, …


Research News. Publications, 2020. Volume 4, Soumyajit Majumdar Dec 2020

Research News. Publications, 2020. Volume 4, Soumyajit Majumdar

Publications (2015-)

Publications that appeared during the period October 1 through December 31, 2020


Therapeutics Development For Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum And Related Ectopic Mineralization Disorders: Update 2020., Hongbin Luo, Qiaoli Li, Yi Cao, Jouni Uitto Dec 2020

Therapeutics Development For Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum And Related Ectopic Mineralization Disorders: Update 2020., Hongbin Luo, Qiaoli Li, Yi Cao, Jouni Uitto

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Faculty Papers

Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE), the prototype of heritable ectopic mineralization disorders, manifests with deposition of calcium hydroxyapatite crystals in the skin, eyes and arterial blood vessels. This autosomal recessive disorder, due to mutations in ABCC6, is usually diagnosed around the second decade of life. In the spectrum of heritable ectopic mineralization disorders are also generalized arterial calcification of infancy (GACI), with extremely severe arterial calcification diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound or perinatally, and arterial calcification due to CD73 deficiency (ACDC) manifesting with arterial and juxta-articular mineralization in the elderly; the latter disorders are caused by mutations in ENPP1 and NT5E, respectively. The …


Excisional Treatment Comparison For In Situ Endocervical Adenocarcinoma (Excise): A Phase 2 Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial To Compare Histopathological Margin Status, Specimen Size And Fragmentation After Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure And Cold Knife Cone Biopsy, Paul A. Cohen, Yee Leung, Lyndal Anderson, Rachael Van Der Griend, Paola Chivers, Sanela Bilic, Sophie Bittinger, Alison Brand, Max K. Bulsara, Jim Codde, Lois Eva, Louise Farrell, Dianne Harker, Unine Herbst, Stephanie Jeffares, Diane Loh, Orla Mcnally, Ganendra Raj Mohan, Tarryn Nicholson, Aime Powell, Stuart G. Salfinger, Bryony Simcock, Colin Stewart, Julie Silvers, Martin R. Stockler, Peter Sykes, Pennie Stoyles, Adeline Tan, Ai Ling Tan, C. David H. Wrede Dec 2020

Excisional Treatment Comparison For In Situ Endocervical Adenocarcinoma (Excise): A Phase 2 Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial To Compare Histopathological Margin Status, Specimen Size And Fragmentation After Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure And Cold Knife Cone Biopsy, Paul A. Cohen, Yee Leung, Lyndal Anderson, Rachael Van Der Griend, Paola Chivers, Sanela Bilic, Sophie Bittinger, Alison Brand, Max K. Bulsara, Jim Codde, Lois Eva, Louise Farrell, Dianne Harker, Unine Herbst, Stephanie Jeffares, Diane Loh, Orla Mcnally, Ganendra Raj Mohan, Tarryn Nicholson, Aime Powell, Stuart G. Salfinger, Bryony Simcock, Colin Stewart, Julie Silvers, Martin R. Stockler, Peter Sykes, Pennie Stoyles, Adeline Tan, Ai Ling Tan, C. David H. Wrede

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Objective:

Adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) of the cervix is a precursor to cervical adenocarcinoma. When AIS is detected by cervical screening an excision biopsy is mandatory to exclude invasion. We aimed to compare margins status, specimen size and fragmentation after loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) and ‘cold knife cone biopsy’ (CKC).

Methods:

The EXCISE Trial was an investigator-initiated, multicenter, open-label, parallel-group, phase 2, randomized study. Patients were enrolled at seven hospitals in Australia and New Zealand. We randomly assigned women aged ≥ 18 to ≤ 45 years with screen detected AIS to LEEP or CKC. Co-primary endpoints were margin status, …


Impact Of The Covid-19 Pandemic On Mental Health And Well-Being Of Communities: An Exploratory Qualitative Study Protocol, Anam Shahil Feroz, Naureen Akber Ali, Noshaba Akber Ali, Ridah Feroz, Salima Nazim Meghani, Sarah Saleem Dec 2020

Impact Of The Covid-19 Pandemic On Mental Health And Well-Being Of Communities: An Exploratory Qualitative Study Protocol, Anam Shahil Feroz, Naureen Akber Ali, Noshaba Akber Ali, Ridah Feroz, Salima Nazim Meghani, Sarah Saleem

Community Health Sciences

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has certainly resulted in an increased level of anxiety and fear in communities in terms of disease management and infection spread. Due to fear and social stigma linked with COVID-19, many individuals in the community hide their disease and do not access healthcare facilities in a timely manner. In addition, with the widespread use of social media, rumours, myths and inaccurate information about the virus are spreading rapidly, leading to intensified irritability, fearfulness, insomnia, oppositional behaviours and somatic complaints. Considering the relevance of all these factors, we aim to explore the perceptions and attitudes of community …


Preconceptional Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplementation In 2 Low-Resource Countries Results In Distinctly Different Igf-1/Mtor Placental Responses, Marisol Castillo-Castrejon, Ivana V. Yang, Elizabeth J. Davidson, Sarah J. Borengasser, Purevsuren Jambal, Jamie Westcott, Jennifer F. Kemp, Ana Garces, Sumera Aziz Ali, Sarah Saleem Dec 2020

Preconceptional Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplementation In 2 Low-Resource Countries Results In Distinctly Different Igf-1/Mtor Placental Responses, Marisol Castillo-Castrejon, Ivana V. Yang, Elizabeth J. Davidson, Sarah J. Borengasser, Purevsuren Jambal, Jamie Westcott, Jennifer F. Kemp, Ana Garces, Sumera Aziz Ali, Sarah Saleem

Community Health Sciences

Background: Preconceptional maternal small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplementation (SQLNS) improved intrauterine linear growth in low-resource countries as demonstrated by the Women First Preconception Maternal Nutrition Trial (WF). Fetal growth is dependent on nutrient availability and regulated by insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) through changes in placental transfer capacity, mediated by the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway.
Objectives: Our objective was to evaluate the role of placental mTOR and IGF-1 signaling on fetal growth in women from 2 low-resource countries with high rates of stunting after they received preconceptional SQLNS.
Methods: We studied 48 women from preconception through delivery who were …


Hospitalized Adult Patient Characteristics Associated With Participation In A Volunteer-Assisted Mobility Program: A Feasibility Study, Gordana Dermody, Tamara Odom-Maryon, Jennifer Zimmerman, Courtney Glass Dec 2020

Hospitalized Adult Patient Characteristics Associated With Participation In A Volunteer-Assisted Mobility Program: A Feasibility Study, Gordana Dermody, Tamara Odom-Maryon, Jennifer Zimmerman, Courtney Glass

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

BACKGROUND:

Physical inactivity during hospitalization commonly results in functional decline. Structured multidisciplinary programs/approaches may be useful to promote mobility in hospitalized adults.

PURPOSE:

The purpose was to determine whether a volunteer-assisted mobility program was feasible to improve the ambulation of hospitalized patients, and examine the characteristics of patients associated with willingness to participate in the program.

METHODS:

A prospective descriptive correlation study was conducted in 2 acute care units. A volunteer-staffed program was implemented with the aim of improving the ambulation of hospitalized patients.

RESULTS:

Hospitalized patients (N = 490) were approached, with 39.2% (n = 192) agreeing to ambulate …


Fluoroscopic Demonstration Of Thoracic Tumor Immobilization With High Frequency Percussive Ventilation, Ina M Sala, Beverly Maurer, Cristian Solano, Ronald Levitin, Thomas M Guerrero Dec 2020

Fluoroscopic Demonstration Of Thoracic Tumor Immobilization With High Frequency Percussive Ventilation, Ina M Sala, Beverly Maurer, Cristian Solano, Ronald Levitin, Thomas M Guerrero

Articles

Purpose: The purpose of this first-in-man study is to directly measure thoracic tumor immobilization by high frequency percussive ventilation (HFPV).

Methods: In an IRB approved protocol (IRB # 2017-046) we screened patients with conspicuous lung tumors that exhibited motion >10 mm to undergo kV fluoroscopy with HFPV. Two sets of consecutive AP (anterior posterior) fluoroscopy frames were acquired during multiple breathing cycles for free- and HFPV- breathing. All images were acquired using our kV source/panel of the therapeutic linear accelerator. Percussions were delivered via the intrapulmonary percussive ventilation device (IPV-2C) and phasitron (Percussionaire Corp., Sagle, Idaho). The baseline settings for …


The Legacy Of Racism And Covid-19, Adedayo Okanlawon Dec 2020

The Legacy Of Racism And Covid-19, Adedayo Okanlawon

MEDI 9331 Scholarly Activities Clinical Years

This perspective piece discusses the interplay between Covid-19, the legacy of racism in America, and their synergistic effects on the black community. Personal racially charged experiences in conjunction with notable stories of injustice in medicine are used to set the stage. The pandemic's disparate impact on black communities are then discussed with suggestion on how to mitigate these issues.


Cotrimoxazole Prophylaxis Increases Resistance Gene Prevalence And Α-Diversity But Decreases Β-Diversity In The Gut Microbiome Of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Exposed, Uninfected Infants, Alaric W D'Souza, Eshia Moodley-Govender, Bertram Berla, Tejas Kelkar, Bin Wang, Xiaoqing Sun, Brodie Daniels, Anna Coutsoudis, Indi Trehan, Gautam Dantas Dec 2020

Cotrimoxazole Prophylaxis Increases Resistance Gene Prevalence And Α-Diversity But Decreases Β-Diversity In The Gut Microbiome Of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Exposed, Uninfected Infants, Alaric W D'Souza, Eshia Moodley-Govender, Bertram Berla, Tejas Kelkar, Bin Wang, Xiaoqing Sun, Brodie Daniels, Anna Coutsoudis, Indi Trehan, Gautam Dantas

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: Prophylactic cotrimoxazole treatment is recommended in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-exposed, uninfected (HEU) infants, but the effects of this treatment on developing HEU infant gut microbiotas and resistomes are largely undefined.

METHODS: We analyzed whole-metagenome sequencing data from 163 longitudinally collected stool samples from 63 HEU infants randomized to receive (n = 34; CTX-T) or to not receive (n = 29; CTX-N) prophylactic cotrimoxazole treatment. We generated taxonomic, functional pathway, and resistance gene profiles for each sample and compared microbiome signatures between the CTX-T and CTX-N infants.

RESULTS: Metagenomic analysis did not reveal significant differences in taxonomic or functional pathway …


Use Of A Cancer Registry To Evaluate Patient-Reported Outcomes Of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors., Heather S L Jim, Sarah L Eisel, Aasha I Hoogland, Sandra Shaw, Jennifer C King, Adam P Dicker Dec 2020

Use Of A Cancer Registry To Evaluate Patient-Reported Outcomes Of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors., Heather S L Jim, Sarah L Eisel, Aasha I Hoogland, Sandra Shaw, Jennifer C King, Adam P Dicker

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are increasingly used for advanced lung cancer, butfew studies have reported on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) outside the context of a clinicaltrial. The goal of the current study was to assess PROs in participants of a lung cancer registry whohad been treated with an ICI. Patients participating in the GO2Foundation’s Lung Cancer Registrywho reported receiving atezolizumab, durvalumab, nivolumab, or pembrolizumab were invited toparticipate in a survey about their experiences during treatment. Quality of life was evaluated usingthe Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy–General (FACT-G). Common symptomatic adverseevents were evaluated using an item bank generated for ICIs. Internationally, 226 …


Dach1 Mutation Frequency In Endometrial Cancer Is Associated With High Tumor Mutation Burden, Mckayla J. Riggs, Nan Lin, Chi Wang, Dava W. Piecoro, Rachel W. Miller, Oliver A. Hampton, Mahadev Rao, Frederick R. Ueland, Jill M. Kolesar Dec 2020

Dach1 Mutation Frequency In Endometrial Cancer Is Associated With High Tumor Mutation Burden, Mckayla J. Riggs, Nan Lin, Chi Wang, Dava W. Piecoro, Rachel W. Miller, Oliver A. Hampton, Mahadev Rao, Frederick R. Ueland, Jill M. Kolesar

Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Publications

OBJECTIVE: DACH1 is a transcriptional repressor and tumor suppressor gene frequently mutated in melanoma, bladder, and prostate cancer. Loss of DACH1 expression is associated with poor prognostic features and reduced overall survival in uterine cancer. In this study, we utilized the Oncology Research Information Exchange Network (ORIEN) Avatar database to determine the frequency of DACH1 mutations in patients with endometrial cancer in our Kentucky population.

METHODS: We obtained clinical and genomic data for 65 patients with endometrial cancer from the Markey Cancer Center (MCC). We examined the clinical attributes of the cancers by DACH1 status by comparing whole-exome sequencing (WES), …


2020-12-30_Michiganoverview_Covidoutbreak, Michigan Department Of Health & Human Services Dec 2020

2020-12-30_Michiganoverview_Covidoutbreak, Michigan Department Of Health & Human Services

Michigan COVID-19 Outbreak Reports

The Outbreak Data page was obtained from Michigan's COVID-19 data page: https://www.michigan.gov/coronavirus/0,9753,7-406-98163_98173_102057---,00.html.

This report is created by the Michigan Department of Health & Human Services from data self-reported by local health departments. Data is updated every week.

COVID-19 outbreaks are generally defined as two or more cases with a link by place and time indicating a shared exposure outside of a household. Local health departments report the number of new and ongoing outbreaks they are investigating by the setting of the outbreak. New outbreaks are those outbreaks that were first identified during the current reporting week. Ongoing outbreaks are …


2020-12-30_Michiganoverview_Covidsymptoms, Michigan Department Of Health & Human Services Dec 2020

2020-12-30_Michiganoverview_Covidsymptoms, Michigan Department Of Health & Human Services

Michigan COVID-19 Syndromic Surveillance System Data

The Syndromic Surveillance System Data report was obtained from Michigan's COVID-19 dashboard, from under the link "​Coronavirus Symptoms": https://www.michigan.gov/coronavirus. Data was compiled by the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS). The information was updated daily.

Syndromic Surveillance System data is obtained from approximately 183 facilities participating in syndromic surveillance (132 Emergency Departments (ED), 51 Urgent Cares) across the State of Michigan. The reporting is based on individuals who present at EDs and may not be representative of the overall population. The coronavirus-like symptoms query searches visit free-text (chief complaint, triage notes, and clinical impression) for fever or …


2020-12-30_Michiganoverview_Covidbedppe, Michigan Department Of Health & Human Services Dec 2020

2020-12-30_Michiganoverview_Covidbedppe, Michigan Department Of Health & Human Services

Michigan COVID-19 Hospital Data

The webpage was obtained from Michigan's Coronavirus Cumulative Data page, under the link Hospitals. Data is self-reported by hospitals daily to the EM Resource System per MDHHS Director Robert Gordon's Emergency Order.

Contains the tables Statewide Hospital Capacity Report for COVID-19, COVID-19 Metrics, Statewide Hospital Available PPE Tracking for COVID-19, as well as the tables PPE Days On Hand and Patient Census.


Medical School Watercooler Newsletter - December 30, 2020, Lindsey Lyle Dec 2020

Medical School Watercooler Newsletter - December 30, 2020, Lindsey Lyle

Watercooler Newsletter

This is the December 30, 2020 edition of the Frederick P. Whiddon College of Medicine's newsletter - Watercooler.

Contents Include:

  • Results from ovarian cancer study at MCI published in The Lancet Oncology


2020-12-30_Michiganoverview_Covidstats, Michigan Department Of Health & Human Services Dec 2020

2020-12-30_Michiganoverview_Covidstats, Michigan Department Of Health & Human Services

Cumulative Michigan COVID-19 Data

The COVID Overview page was obtained from Michigan's main COVID-19 page: https:/www.michigan.gov/coronavirus/0,9753,7-406-98163-520743--,00.html.

The State of Michigan is working around the clock to test and treat COVID-19 patients. Below is the most recent data healthcare experts across the state have compiled. It is updated Monday - Saturday.
This report is provisional and subject to change. City of Detroit and Wayne County are reported separately. MDHHS began tracking probable cases April 5, 2020. FCI indicates federal correctional institute. MDOC indicates Michigan Department of Corrections. Diagnostic tests, including nucleic acid amplification/real-time polymerase chain reaction (NAAT/RT-PCR) and rapid virus antigen detection point of …


Incidence Of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Epidemic And Associated Predictors In Nevada: A Statewide Audit, 2016–2018, Kavita Batra, Patricia Cruz, Chad L. Cross, Neeraj Bhandari, Farooq Abdulla, Jennifer R. Pharr, Mark P. Buttner Dec 2020

Incidence Of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Epidemic And Associated Predictors In Nevada: A Statewide Audit, 2016–2018, Kavita Batra, Patricia Cruz, Chad L. Cross, Neeraj Bhandari, Farooq Abdulla, Jennifer R. Pharr, Mark P. Buttner

Environmental & Occupational Health Faculty Publications

Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a postnatal withdrawal syndrome among neonates born to mothers with drug dependence disorders. NAS poses a significant public health challenge nationally, with a six-fold increase in incidence (1.2 to 6.7 per 1000 hospital births/year) from 2000–2016. Besides national data, it is critical to quantify NAS at the state-level to identify target areas for prevention. The objectives of this study were to ascertain statewide burden, including county and regional distribution of NAS in Nevada during 2016–2018, and to investigate potential factors associated with NAS. This study utilized hospital administrative data, and a total of 100,845 inpatient …


Identifying Personalized Metabolic Signatures In Breast Cancer., Priyanka Baloni, Wikum Dinalankara, John C Earls, Theo A Knijnenburg, Donald Geman, Luigi Marchionni, Nathan D Price Dec 2020

Identifying Personalized Metabolic Signatures In Breast Cancer., Priyanka Baloni, Wikum Dinalankara, John C Earls, Theo A Knijnenburg, Donald Geman, Luigi Marchionni, Nathan D Price

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Cancer cells are adept at reprogramming energy metabolism, and the precise manifestation of this metabolic reprogramming exhibits heterogeneity across individuals (and from cell to cell). In this study, we analyzed the metabolic differences between interpersonal heterogeneous cancer phenotypes. We used divergence analysis on gene expression data of 1156 breast normal and tumor samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and integrated this information with a genome-scale reconstruction of human metabolism to generate personalized, context-specific metabolic networks. Using this approach, we classified the samples into four distinct groups based on their metabolic profiles. Enrichment analysis of the subsystems indicated that amino …


Protocol For A Trial Assessing The Impacts Of School-Based Wash Interventions On Children’S Health Literacy, Handwashing, And Nutrition Status In Low- And Middle-Income Countries, Stephanie O. Sangalang, Shelley Anne J. Medina, Zheina J. Ottong, Allen Lemuel G. Lemence, Donrey Totanes, John Cedrick Valencia, Patricia Andrea A. Singson, Mikaela Olaguera, Nelissa O. Prado, Roezel Mari Z. Ocaña, Rovin James F. Canja, Alfem John T. Benolirao, Shyrill Mae F. Mariano, Jergil Gyle Gavieres, Clarisse P. Aquino, Edison C. Latag, Maria Vianca Jasmin C. Anglo, Christian Borgemeister, Thoomas Kistemann Dec 2020

Protocol For A Trial Assessing The Impacts Of School-Based Wash Interventions On Children’S Health Literacy, Handwashing, And Nutrition Status In Low- And Middle-Income Countries, Stephanie O. Sangalang, Shelley Anne J. Medina, Zheina J. Ottong, Allen Lemuel G. Lemence, Donrey Totanes, John Cedrick Valencia, Patricia Andrea A. Singson, Mikaela Olaguera, Nelissa O. Prado, Roezel Mari Z. Ocaña, Rovin James F. Canja, Alfem John T. Benolirao, Shyrill Mae F. Mariano, Jergil Gyle Gavieres, Clarisse P. Aquino, Edison C. Latag, Maria Vianca Jasmin C. Anglo, Christian Borgemeister, Thoomas Kistemann

Development Studies Faculty Publications

Diarrhea, soil-transmitted helminth infection and malnutrition are leading causes of child mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). To reduce the prevalence of these diseases, effective interventions for adequate water, sanitation, and hygiene (WaSH) should be implemented. This paper describes the design of a cluster-randomized controlled trial that will compare the efficacy of four school-based WaSH interventions for improving children’s health literacy, handwashing, and nutrition. Interventions consisted of (1) WaSH policy reinforcement; (2) low-, medium-, or high-volume health education; (3) hygiene supplies; and (4) WaSH facilities (e.g., toilets, urinals, handwashing basins) improvements. We randomly allocated school clusters from the intervention …


Epidemiology Of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease And Risk Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Progression, Krishna Chaitanya Thandra, Adam Barsouk, Kalyan Saginala, John Sukumar Aluru, Prashanth Rawla, Alexander Barsouk Dec 2020

Epidemiology Of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease And Risk Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Progression, Krishna Chaitanya Thandra, Adam Barsouk, Kalyan Saginala, John Sukumar Aluru, Prashanth Rawla, Alexander Barsouk

Kimmel Cancer Center Faculty Papers

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become the most common chronic liver disease worldwide. Its incidence has grown alongside the increasing global prevalence of type 2 diabetes, obesity, and metabolic syndrome. The risk of progression to hepatocellular carcinoma for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis patients over 5 years is 8%, and despite targeted and immunotherapy treatment advances, HCC maintains a bleak 5-year survival of 19%. NAFLD’s primary risk factors are components of metabolic syndrome as well as possible sleep disturbances. NAFLD is most common among men 50-60 years of age, though incidence in women catches up after menopause. In the US, Hispanics are …


Genetic Variants In Immune Related Genes As Predictors Of Responsiveness To Bcg Immunotherapy In Metastatic Melanoma Patients., Romela Irene Ramos, Misa A Shaw, Leland J Foshag, Stacey L Stern, Negin Rahimzadeh, David Elashoff, Dave Hoon Dec 2020

Genetic Variants In Immune Related Genes As Predictors Of Responsiveness To Bcg Immunotherapy In Metastatic Melanoma Patients., Romela Irene Ramos, Misa A Shaw, Leland J Foshag, Stacey L Stern, Negin Rahimzadeh, David Elashoff, Dave Hoon

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Adjuvant immunotherapy in melanoma patients improves clinical outcomes. However, success is unpredictable due to inherited heterogeneity of immune responses. Inherent immune genes associated with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) may influence anti-tumor immune responses. We assessed the predictive ability of 26 immune-gene SNPs genomic panels for a clinical response to adjuvant BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guérin) immunotherapy, using melanoma patient cohorts derived from three phase III multicenter clinical trials: AJCC (American Joint Committee on Cancer) stage IV patients given adjuvant BCG (pilot cohort; n = 92), AJCC stage III patients given adjuvant BCG (verification cohort; n = 269), and …


A Veteran Neurologist’S Book Offers Tools For Navigating The 'Turbulent World' Of Huntington's Disease, Kenneth P. Serbin Dec 2020

A Veteran Neurologist’S Book Offers Tools For Navigating The 'Turbulent World' Of Huntington's Disease, Kenneth P. Serbin

At Risk for Huntington's Disease

No abstract provided.


The Health Effects Of Vitamin D And Probiotic Co-Supplementation: A Systematic Review Of Randomized Controlled Trials, Myriam Abboud, Rana Rizk, Fatme Alanouti, Dimitrios Papandreou, Suzan Haidar, Nadine Mahboub Dec 2020

The Health Effects Of Vitamin D And Probiotic Co-Supplementation: A Systematic Review Of Randomized Controlled Trials, Myriam Abboud, Rana Rizk, Fatme Alanouti, Dimitrios Papandreou, Suzan Haidar, Nadine Mahboub

All Works

Evidence of synergic health effects of co-supplementation with vitamin D and probiotics is emerging. Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses PRISMA statement, scientific databases and the grey literature were searched, and a narrative review and risk of bias assessment were conducted. Seven randomized controlled trials were included, which had low risk of bias. Six studies were double-blind, and once single-blind, extended over 6-12 weeks, and included 50-105 participants. Conditions explored included schizophrenia, gestational diabetes, type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease, polycystic ovarian syndrome, osteopenia, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and infantile colic. Supplementation frequency was daily …


Decomposing Differences In Coronavirus Disease 2019-Related Case-Fatality Rates Across Seventeen Nations, Ashley Wendell Kranjac, Dinko Kranjac Dec 2020

Decomposing Differences In Coronavirus Disease 2019-Related Case-Fatality Rates Across Seventeen Nations, Ashley Wendell Kranjac, Dinko Kranjac

Sociology Faculty Articles and Research

As of 1 November 2020, estimated case-fatality rates associated with coronavirus disease 2019 are not uniformly patterned across the world and differ substantially in magnitude. Given the global spatial heterogeneity in case-fatality rates, we applied the Blinder-Oaxaca regression decomposition technique to identify how putative sociodemographic, structural, and environmental sources influence variation in case-fatality rates. We show that compositional and associational differences in country-level risk factors explain a substantial proportion of the coronavirus disease 2019-related case-fatality rate gap across nations. Asian countries fair better vis-à-vis case-fatality rate differences mainly due to variation in returns to sociodemographic, structural, and environmental sources among …


2020-12-30_Michigandaily_Covidmap, Michigan Department Of Health & Human Services Dec 2020

2020-12-30_Michigandaily_Covidmap, Michigan Department Of Health & Human Services

Daily Michigan COVID-19 Update

The "WHERE WE STAND WITH COVID-19" map was obtained from Michigan's main COVID-19 page: https://www.michigan.gov/coronavirus. Data was compiled by the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS). The information was updated daily at 3p.m., Monday - Saturday.

The State of Michigan is working around the clock to test and treat COVID-19 patients. Below is the most recent data healthcare experts across the state have compiled.

The image contained a map, indicating total cases by county, and also provides statistics on Total Confirmed Cases, Total COVID-19 Deaths, Daily Confirmed Cases, and Daily COVID-19 Deaths. There …


Genetic Variants In Immune Related Genes As Predictors Of Responsiveness To Bcg Immunotherapy In Metastatic Melanoma Patients., Romela Irene Ramos, Misa A Shaw, Leland Foshag, Stacey L Stern, Negin Rahimzadeh, David Elashoff, Dave Hoon Dec 2020

Genetic Variants In Immune Related Genes As Predictors Of Responsiveness To Bcg Immunotherapy In Metastatic Melanoma Patients., Romela Irene Ramos, Misa A Shaw, Leland Foshag, Stacey L Stern, Negin Rahimzadeh, David Elashoff, Dave Hoon

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Adjuvant immunotherapy in melanoma patients improves clinical outcomes. However, success is unpredictable due to inherited heterogeneity of immune responses. Inherent immune genes associated with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) may influence anti-tumor immune responses. We assessed the predictive ability of 26 immune-gene SNPs genomic panels for a clinical response to adjuvant BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guérin) immunotherapy, using melanoma patient cohorts derived from three phase III multicenter clinical trials: AJCC (American Joint Committee on Cancer) stage IV patients given adjuvant BCG (pilot cohort; n = 92), AJCC stage III patients given adjuvant BCG (verification cohort; n = 269), and …


Malignant Eccrine Adenoma With Sarcomatous (Heterologous) Components: Report Of A Rare Skin Adnexal Neoplasm With Literature Review, Hira Ishtiaq, Muhammad Abdulwaasey, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Saira Fatima Dec 2020

Malignant Eccrine Adenoma With Sarcomatous (Heterologous) Components: Report Of A Rare Skin Adnexal Neoplasm With Literature Review, Hira Ishtiaq, Muhammad Abdulwaasey, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Saira Fatima

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Malignant eccrine spiradenoma (MES) is an exceedingly rare skin adnexal tumor that arises from pre-existing benign eccrine spiradenoma (BES). MES tumors show a wide spectrum of morphological features, posing a diagnostic challenge to the pathologist. Sarcomatous (heterologous) elements are seen in a few of these tumors, further complicating the morphological picture. We herein describe a case of a 66-year-old male who presented with a recently enlarging, ulcerated, nodular skin lesion over the right leg that had been present for the last 25 years. The patient underwent wide local excision of the tumor. Microscopic examination revealed a neoplastic lesion comprising benign …