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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Prognostic Role Of Bnp In Children Undergoing Surgery For Congenital Heart Disease: Analysis Of Prediction Models Incorporating Standard Risk Factors., Massimiliano Cantinotti, Raffaele Giordano, Marco Scalese, Sabrina Molinaro, Francesca Della Pina, Simona Storti, Luigi Arcieri, Bruno Murzi, Marco Marotta, Vitali Pak, Vincenzo Poli, Giorgio Iervasi, Shelby Kutty, Aldo Clerico Oct 2015

Prognostic Role Of Bnp In Children Undergoing Surgery For Congenital Heart Disease: Analysis Of Prediction Models Incorporating Standard Risk Factors., Massimiliano Cantinotti, Raffaele Giordano, Marco Scalese, Sabrina Molinaro, Francesca Della Pina, Simona Storti, Luigi Arcieri, Bruno Murzi, Marco Marotta, Vitali Pak, Vincenzo Poli, Giorgio Iervasi, Shelby Kutty, Aldo Clerico

Journal Articles: Pediatrics

BACKGROUND: The routine use of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in pediatric cardiac surgery remains controversial. Our aim was to test whether BNP adds information to predict risk in pediatric cardiac surgery.

METHODS: In all, 587 children undergoing cardiac surgery (median age 6.3 months; 1.2-35.9 months) were prospectively enrolled at a single institution. BNP was measured pre-operatively, on every post-operative day in the intensive care unit, and before discharge. The primary outcome was major complications and length ventilator stay >15 days. A first risk prediction model was fitted using Cox proportional hazards model with age, body surface area and Aristotle score …


Emergence Of Candida Parapsilosis As The Predominant Species Causing Candidemia In Children., I Levy, L G Rubin, Sanjeev Vasishtha, V Tucci, S K Sood Sep 2015

Emergence Of Candida Parapsilosis As The Predominant Species Causing Candidemia In Children., I Levy, L G Rubin, Sanjeev Vasishtha, V Tucci, S K Sood

Sanjeev Vasishtha MD

An increase in the rate of isolation of Candida parapsilosis, relative to other Candida species, in our children's hospital led us to analyze the clinical and epidemiological variables associated with candidemia. We sought to determine if these variables are different for patients infected with C. parapsilosis. All episodes of candidemia occurring over a 7-year period were analyzed retrospectively. Of 81 episodes in 80 patients, 35 (43%) were in neonates, and 46 (57%) were in nonneonates. C. parapsilosis was isolated in 40 episodes (49%). C. parapsilosis was significantly more likely than non-C. parapsilosis species to be associated with prematurity (P = …


Speckle-Tracking Echocardiographic Measures Of Right Ventricular Function Correlate With Improvement In Exercise Function After Percutaneous Pulmonary Valve Implantation., Shahryar M. Chowdhury, Ziyad M. Hijazi, John T. Fahey, John F. Rhodes, Saibal Kar, Raj Makkar, Michael Mullen, Qi-Ling Cao, Girish S. Shirali Sep 2015

Speckle-Tracking Echocardiographic Measures Of Right Ventricular Function Correlate With Improvement In Exercise Function After Percutaneous Pulmonary Valve Implantation., Shahryar M. Chowdhury, Ziyad M. Hijazi, John T. Fahey, John F. Rhodes, Saibal Kar, Raj Makkar, Michael Mullen, Qi-Ling Cao, Girish S. Shirali

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Speckle-tracking echocardiographic (STE) measures of right ventricular (RV) function appear to improve after transcatheter pulmonary valve implantation (TPVI). Measures of exercise function, such as ventilatory efficiency (the minute ventilation [VE]/carbon dioxide production [VCO2] slope), have been shown to be prognostic of mortality in patients who may require TPVI. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between STE measures of RV function and changes in VE/VCO2 after TPVI.

METHODS: Speckle-tracking echocardiography and cardiopulmonary exercise testing were performed at baseline and 6 months after TPVI in 24 patients from four centers. Conventional echocardiographic measures of RV function were …


The Development And Application Of An Oncology Therapy-Related Symptom Checklist For Adults (Trsc) And Children (Trsc-C) And E-Health Applications., Arthur R. Williams, David D. Williams, Phoebe D. Williams, Farrokh Alemi, Hosai Hesham, Blaine Donley, Raya E. Kheirbek Aug 2015

The Development And Application Of An Oncology Therapy-Related Symptom Checklist For Adults (Trsc) And Children (Trsc-C) And E-Health Applications., Arthur R. Williams, David D. Williams, Phoebe D. Williams, Farrokh Alemi, Hosai Hesham, Blaine Donley, Raya E. Kheirbek

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Studies found that treatment symptoms of concern to oncology/hematology patients were greatly under-identified in medical records. On average, 11.0 symptoms were reported of concern to patients compared to 1.5 symptoms identified in their medical records. A solution to this problem is use of an electronic symptom checklist that can be easily accessed by patients prior to clinical consultations.

PURPOSE: Describe the oncology Therapy-Related Symptom Checklists for Adults (TRSC) and Children (TRSC-C), which are validated bases for e-Health symptom documentation and management. The TRSC has 25 items/symptoms; the TRSC-C has 30 items/symptoms. These items capture up to 80% of the …


Efficacy Of Galactose And Adalimumab In Patients With Resistant Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis: Report Of The Font Clinical Trial Group., Howard Trachtman, Suzanne Vento, Emily Herreshoff, Milena Radeva, Jennifer Gassman, Daniel T. Stein, Virginia J. Savin, Mukut Sharma, Jochen Reiser, Changli Wei, Michael Somers, Tarak Srivastava, Debbie S. Gipson Jul 2015

Efficacy Of Galactose And Adalimumab In Patients With Resistant Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis: Report Of The Font Clinical Trial Group., Howard Trachtman, Suzanne Vento, Emily Herreshoff, Milena Radeva, Jennifer Gassman, Daniel T. Stein, Virginia J. Savin, Mukut Sharma, Jochen Reiser, Changli Wei, Michael Somers, Tarak Srivastava, Debbie S. Gipson

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Patients with resistant focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) who are unresponsive to corticosteroids and other immunosuppressive agents are at very high risk of progression to end stage kidney disease. In the absence of curative treatment, current therapy centers on renoprotective interventions that reduce proteinuria and fibrosis. The FONT (Novel Therapies for Resistant FSGS) Phase II clinical trial (NCT00814255, Registration date December 22, 2008) was designed to assess the efficacy of adalimumab and galactose compared to standard medical therapy which was comprised of lisinopril, losartan, and atorvastatin.

METHODS: Key eligibility criteria were biopsy confirmed primary FSGS or documentation of a causative …


Infant Feeding Practices Of Emirati Women In The Rapidly Developing City Of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, Hazel Gardner, Katherine Green, Andrew Gardner Jan 2015

Infant Feeding Practices Of Emirati Women In The Rapidly Developing City Of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, Hazel Gardner, Katherine Green, Andrew Gardner

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Rapid economic and cultural transition in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has been accompanied by new challenges to public health; most notably a rapid rise in chronic disease. Breastfeeding is known to improve health outcomes in adulthood, is associated with reduced risk of developing chronic disease, and is therefore an important public health issue for this rapidly increasing population. Factors associated with infant feeding practices were examined in a cohort of 125 Emirati women and their infants, with data collected at birth and 3, 6 and 15 months postpartum by questionnaires and interviews. Participants were recruited in the Corniche Hospital, …