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2015

Health Information Technology

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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

The Fight For Zadroga, Naeisha Rose Dec 2015

The Fight For Zadroga, Naeisha Rose

Capstones

The attack on the World Trade Center cost many first responders and volunteers, like Ken George, a retired highway crewmember who was part of the search and rescue, to lose their health. Ken had needs a respirator for his restricted airway disease, he is o n 33 medications and five years ago he had a heart attack. Bi- =weekly or monthly, he visits a doctor for his PTSD, his heart, his lungs and general healthcare. After seeing the devastating conditions that the responders like Ken worked in, Congresswoman C arolyn Maloney (D-12) worked tirelessly with many politicians, both Democrats and …


Factors Influencing Perceptions And Attitudes Of Nurses Towards The Use Of Ict In Patient Care In Kwazulu Natal Province, South Africa, Stephen M. Mutula Dec 2015

Factors Influencing Perceptions And Attitudes Of Nurses Towards The Use Of Ict In Patient Care In Kwazulu Natal Province, South Africa, Stephen M. Mutula

The African Journal of Information Systems

This paper presents the results of a study to determine factors influencing perceptions and attitudes of nurses towards the use of ICT in 16 hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) province, South Africa. Data were collected through a survey questionnaire and factor analysis performed to extract relevant variables. Overall, results revealed positive dispositions of nurses towards the use of ICT. Results further revealed self-efficacy, adoption of computers to improve nursing care, confidence in using computers; usefulness; interactability and knowledgeability were major factors influencing perceptions and attitudes of nurses towards use of ICT at the work place. Findings may inform institutional and provincial …


Videoconferencing For Improved Access To Care, Alana L. Hernandez Dec 2015

Videoconferencing For Improved Access To Care, Alana L. Hernandez

Master's Projects and Capstones

The aim of this project is to increase the amount of education visits completed by pharmacy nurses in an outpatient infusion clinic for patients receiving 5-fluoracil chemotherapy. Two approaches have been applied: securing additional nursing staff; and implementing a telehealth delivery system that utilizes asynchronous video and videoconferencing. The intervention will employ an internet-based application to secure a videoconferencing session between patients and nurses that are 25 miles apart; and offer a patient education video that will be used and an adjunct to videoconferencing. Microsystem data obtained by auditing schedules and patient charts showed pharmacy nurses completed 0% of pharmacy-patient …


The Mind-Body Connection: The Association Between Adolescent Locus Of Control And Indicators Of Physical Health, C. Brahler, James Cropper Dec 2015

The Mind-Body Connection: The Association Between Adolescent Locus Of Control And Indicators Of Physical Health, C. Brahler, James Cropper

C. Jayne Brahler

Locus of control (LOC) describes an individual’s generalized beliefs or expectancies that their reinforcements are under internal versus external control (1). An individual exhibits either an internal or external LOC. This study examines the link between LOC and selected health risk factors in adolescents. A convenience sample of 167 high school physical education students completed a 13-item LOC questionnaire based on Rotter’s 1966 instrument. Various anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), and body fat were recorded on all subjects. A subsample of 61 female students received blood chemistry analysis that included a lipid profile, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), Apo …


Characterizing The Performance And Behaviors Of Runners Using Twitter, Qian He, Emmanuel Agu, Diane Strong, Bengisu Tulu, Peder Pedersen Dec 2015

Characterizing The Performance And Behaviors Of Runners Using Twitter, Qian He, Emmanuel Agu, Diane Strong, Bengisu Tulu, Peder Pedersen

Emmanuel O. Agu

Running is a popular physical activity that improves physical and mental wellbeing. Unfortunately, up-to- date information about runners’ performance and psychological wellbeing is limited. Many questions remain unanswered, such as how far and how fast runners typically run, their preferred running times and frequencies, how long new runners persist before dropping out, and what factors cause runners to quit. Without hard data, establishing patterns of runner behavior and mitigating the challenges they face are difficult. Collecting data manually from large numbers of runners for research studies is costly and time consuming. Emerging Social Networking Services (SNS) and fitness tracking devices …


The Effect Of Education On Portal Personal Health Record Use, Imke Casey Dnp, Crna, Rhit Dec 2015

The Effect Of Education On Portal Personal Health Record Use, Imke Casey Dnp, Crna, Rhit

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Translational and Clinical Research Projects

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the computer-use attitudes among chronically ill adult primary care practice (PCP) patients. The goal was to examine the rate of portal personal health record (PHR) use of middle-aged and older adults, to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational intervention in improving PHR adoption, and to identify patients’ thoughts about the PHR. The quasi-experimental, pre-test/post-test design with a paired matched set was performed with a convenience sample of 50 subjects from a primary care group practice in Central Florida.

Participants were recruited on the day of their provider appointment. After participant’s consent …


A Context-Aware Activity Recommendation Smartphone Application To Mitigate Sedentary Lifestyles, Qian He, Emmanuel Agu Dec 2015

A Context-Aware Activity Recommendation Smartphone Application To Mitigate Sedentary Lifestyles, Qian He, Emmanuel Agu

Emmanuel O. Agu

A sedentary lifestyle involves irregular or no physical activity. In this kind of lifestyle, people’s activities do not increase their energy expenditure substantially above resting levels. Long periods of sitting, lying, watching television, playing video games, and using the computer are typical examples. Energy expenditures at 1.0-1.5 Metabolic Equivalent Units (METs) are considered sedentary behaviors. A recent study of sedentary lifestyles found that the length of sedentary times is associated with an increased risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. In this study, we developed a smartphone application called “On11”, which continuously tracks and informs the user …


Designing For Positive Health Affect: Decoupling Negative Emotion And Health Monitoring Technologies, Tammy R. Toscos, Kay Connelly, Yvonne Rogers Dec 2015

Designing For Positive Health Affect: Decoupling Negative Emotion And Health Monitoring Technologies, Tammy R. Toscos, Kay Connelly, Yvonne Rogers

Tammy R Toscos

Through various health-focused technology projects, we discovered that the emotional response to technology was related to uptake and sustained use of health monitoring technologies. In this paper we present a case study of how we synthesized constructs of social cognitive theory, technology as experience, and diabetes management guidelines as a framework for making design recommendations for blood glucose monitoring technology that address the emotional response of users. We suggest applying this theoretical lens for design may help attend to emotional responses of users in an effort to decouple strong negative emotions that are paired to health monitoring technologies that provide …


Patient-Centered Appointment Scheduling Using Agent-Based Simulation, Tammy Toscos, Ayten Turkcan, Brad Doebbeling Dec 2015

Patient-Centered Appointment Scheduling Using Agent-Based Simulation, Tammy Toscos, Ayten Turkcan, Brad Doebbeling

Tammy R Toscos

Enhanced access and continuity are key components of patient-centered care. Existing studies show that several interventions such as providing same day appointments, walk-in services, after-hours care, and group appointments, have been used to redesign the healthcare systems for improved access to primary care. However, an intervention focusing on a single component of care delivery (i.e. improving access to acute care) might have a negative impact other components of the system (i.e. reduced continuity of care for chronic patients). Therefore, primary care clinics should consider implementing multiple interventions tailored for their patient population needs. We collected rapid ethnography and observations to …


Measuring Quality Of Health Care In Type Ii Diabetes Mellitus Patients Using Certified Electronic Health Records, Tracey A. Hines Dec 2015

Measuring Quality Of Health Care In Type Ii Diabetes Mellitus Patients Using Certified Electronic Health Records, Tracey A. Hines

Applied Research Projects

Great strides have been made in health care over the past six years after the implementation of the policy known as meaningful use by the Center of Medicare and Medicaid Services. Health care subsidies and monetary incentive programs were created for eligible professionals and critical area hospitals to encourage the use of certified electronic health records in an effort to improve quality care of all acute and chronically ill patients, as well as provide routine examinations for healthy individuals.

Patients diagnosed with type II diabetes mellitus were studied using a certified electronic health record system for compliance in physician ordered …


A New Method For Shear Wave Speed Estimation In Shear Wave Elastography, Aaron J. Engel, Gregory R. Bashford Dec 2015

A New Method For Shear Wave Speed Estimation In Shear Wave Elastography, Aaron J. Engel, Gregory R. Bashford

Biomedical Imaging and Biosignal Analysis Laboratory

Visualization of mechanical properties of tissue can aid in noninvasive pathology diagnosis. Shear wave elastography (SWE) measures the elastic properties of soft tissues by estimation of local shear wave propagation speed. In this paper, a new robust method for estimation of shear wave speed is introduced which has the potential for simplifying continuous filtering and real-time elasticity processing. Shear waves were generated by external mechanical excitation and imaged at a high frame rate. Three homogeneous phantoms of varying elastic moduli and one inclusion phantom were imaged. Waves propagating in separate directions were filtered and shear wave speed was estimated by …


The Changing Healthcare Roles Of Behavioral Health Professionals And Benefits Of Contemporary Education And Training, Jaimie Chen, Samuel Mayhugh, Houston Thompson Dec 2015

The Changing Healthcare Roles Of Behavioral Health Professionals And Benefits Of Contemporary Education And Training, Jaimie Chen, Samuel Mayhugh, Houston Thompson

Student Scholarship – Psychology

With the rapid changes in healthcare over the years, inevitably, the roles of behavioral health professionals have changed in response. Notably, the burgeoning field of telehealth, the new structure of integrated care, and the cautions placed on using psychiatric medication all impact the responsibilities and expectations of behavioral health professionals. With the new directions in healthcare, prospective behavioral health professionals may find themselves unprepared in their career if education does not change in response to these new trends. In order to prepare these students for their future, educational institutions should reflect on their curriculum and make necessary adjustments. By doing …


An Automated Model Using Electronic Health Record Data To Identify Delirium Among Hospitalized Older Adults: A Pilot Project, Ariba Khan, Maharaj Singh, Hina Singh, Ayesha Maria, Michelle Simpson Nov 2015

An Automated Model Using Electronic Health Record Data To Identify Delirium Among Hospitalized Older Adults: A Pilot Project, Ariba Khan, Maharaj Singh, Hina Singh, Ayesha Maria, Michelle Simpson

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Delirium is a serious change in mental status with adverse outcomes, but remains underrecognized. The electronic health record (EHR) may assist in the identification of delirium.

Purpose: This study was performed to generate an automated delirium identification model using data from the EHR among hospitalized older adults.

Methods: Inpatients 65 years and older were included in this cross-sectional study. The researchers used “confusion assessment method” as the gold standard to identify delirium. Four categories of variables were obtained from the EHR on the day of and the day prior to researcher assessment: 1) hypoactive delirium (any one of the …


Prognostic Indices For Hospitalized Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis And Systematic Review, Ariba Khan, Ayesha Maria, James Hocker, Maharaj Singh, Michelle Simpson Nov 2015

Prognostic Indices For Hospitalized Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis And Systematic Review, Ariba Khan, Ayesha Maria, James Hocker, Maharaj Singh, Michelle Simpson

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: A prognostication predictive model incorporated into the electronic health record (EHR) may be useful in assisting the health care team in accurately predicting mortality and may be used in appropriately allocating palliative care services.

Purpose: To systematically review and summarize current medical literature regarding the factors predictive of mortality in an inpatient population above 65 years of age.

Methods: Nondisease-specific prognostication indices that predict 1-year mortality in an inpatient population of adults over age 65 were included. We excluded studies that estimated intensive care unit, disease-specific or in-hospital mortality. A MEDLINE, CINAHL, Ovid and Cochrane literature search of English-language …


Smartphone Medical Applications Useful For The Rural Practitioner, Jordan P. Hilgefort, Sean Fitzpatrick, Dana Lycans, Timothy Wilson-Byrne Md, Chad Fisher, Franklin D. Shuler Md, Phd Nov 2015

Smartphone Medical Applications Useful For The Rural Practitioner, Jordan P. Hilgefort, Sean Fitzpatrick, Dana Lycans, Timothy Wilson-Byrne Md, Chad Fisher, Franklin D. Shuler Md, Phd

Timothy Wilson-Byrne MD

Like other similarly situated rural states, West Virginia’s patients and practitioners often experience access barriers to current medical expertise for multiple disciplines. This article was generated to help bridge this gap and highlights the best-rated mobile medical applications (Apps) for smartphone use. From finding drug interactions and dosing schedules to discussing patients in HIPAA-compliant formats, Apps are becoming integral to the practice of 21st Century medicine. The increased use of these Apps by physicians-in-training and established practitioners highlights the shift from reliance upon the medical library to the easy to use mobile-based technology platforms. This article provides our practitioners, physician …


Smartphone Medical Applications Useful For The Rural Practitioner, Jordan P. Hilgefort, Sean Fitzpatrick, Dana Lycans, Timothy Wilson-Byrne Md, Chad Fisher, Franklin D. Shuler Md, Phd Nov 2015

Smartphone Medical Applications Useful For The Rural Practitioner, Jordan P. Hilgefort, Sean Fitzpatrick, Dana Lycans, Timothy Wilson-Byrne Md, Chad Fisher, Franklin D. Shuler Md, Phd

Chad Fisher

Like other similarly situated rural states, West Virginia’s patients and practitioners often experience access barriers to current medical expertise for multiple disciplines. This article was generated to help bridge this gap and highlights the best-rated mobile medical applications (Apps) for smartphone use. From finding drug interactions and dosing schedules to discussing patients in HIPAA-compliant formats, Apps are becoming integral to the practice of 21st Century medicine. The increased use of these Apps by physicians-in-training and established practitioners highlights the shift from reliance upon the medical library to the easy to use mobile-based technology platforms. This article provides our practitioners, physician …


Necessity Of Analytics In Today’S Healthcare Revenue Cycle, Kristen N. Thomas Nov 2015

Necessity Of Analytics In Today’S Healthcare Revenue Cycle, Kristen N. Thomas

Applied Research Projects

Because of the recently growing pressures to improve quality and reduce costs, healthcare organizations are rapidly adopting IT in order to improve their operations and clinical care. As a result, an accumulation of vast amounts of data are becoming available for use. It is important for healthcare to use this data. Strome (2010) states that healthcare analytics is the application of statistical tools and techniques to healthcare-related data in order to study past situations (i.e., operational performance or clinical outcomes) to improve the quality and efficiency of clinical and business processes and performance. With the introduction of healthcare analytical tools, …


The Personal Health Record (Phr): The Effects On Patient Healthcare Outcomes?, Bonita R. Payne Nov 2015

The Personal Health Record (Phr): The Effects On Patient Healthcare Outcomes?, Bonita R. Payne

Applied Research Projects

Electronic transmission of data is on the rise, due to the Affordable Care Act and provisions to make healthcare information more accessible, complete, and transparent. The Personal Health Record (PHR) application is a tool used to provide assistance to the goal of patient-centered and patient-centric care. Its purpose is to encourage consumers to become more participatory and informed in their healthcare treatment and healthcare needs. Since its inception, it has been questionable as to whether consumers and providers are seeing any improvements in the services provided or the care rendered. Since, the development and implementation of PHR applications, there has …


Hipaa Violations On Social Media, Tamesha Helen Parris Nov 2015

Hipaa Violations On Social Media, Tamesha Helen Parris

Applied Research Projects

With the rise of social media networks such as Facebook and Twitter, healthcare professionals and students pursing healthcare careers communicate, collaborate, and network on an array of websites and apps. With the use of social media, the users can reach a large audience in a matter of seconds, with this ease; users can transmit information and has presented challenges in the form of unauthorized disclosure of patient’s health information on social media sites. The purpose of this study is to see if the number of HIPAA violations increased due to the use of social media and what steps are healthcare …


Video Visits: A Closer Look At Patient Satisfaction And Quality Of Virtual Medical Care, Saddia Cheema Nov 2015

Video Visits: A Closer Look At Patient Satisfaction And Quality Of Virtual Medical Care, Saddia Cheema

Applied Research Projects

Electronic medical services via video visits has revolutionized the delivery of medical care by Physicians and medical staff alike. Its steady evolution and progression towards the future of healthcare has provided insight on how to better serve patients and community members seeking care. This study will explore patient satisfaction and the quality of virtual medical care services provided by Physicians thru video visits as well as the impact of minimizing the spread of communicable diseases. Statistical data was gathered from a major U.S. healthcare company evaluating survey responses as well as feedback provided by member experience who visited with their …


Health Literacy Improves Health Care Quality, Rebecca Cook Nov 2015

Health Literacy Improves Health Care Quality, Rebecca Cook

Applied Research Projects

A lack of knowledge about health literacy is a cause for quality healthcare concern as the world advances in health information technology. Many patients struggle to understand and navigate their health and well-being as a result of lack of understanding of the treatment plan due to low literacy skills. Several federal policy initiatives promote health literacy as the responsibility of the healthcare organization. Improving health outcomes through health literacy should be a commitment of healthcare organization through providing clear communication, simplified forms, assistance, and even follow-up calls. Three major initiatives will combat health literacy to include the Affordable Care Act; …


Maintaining The Master Patient Index: The Impact Of Patient Registration Processes On Data Integrity, Matthew Biddle Nov 2015

Maintaining The Master Patient Index: The Impact Of Patient Registration Processes On Data Integrity, Matthew Biddle

Applied Research Projects

The master patient index is one of the most important components within a healthcare system. It ensures that an individual patient is given a unique identifier that is used across the various separate clinical, financial and administrative systems and ensures that all information about that patient is organized and complete. Ensuring the MPI is accurate is critical since errors can have significant costs- both financially and in terms of patient outcomes. Patient registrars are the first line of defense when it comes to correctly identifying incoming patients and is where many errors in the MPI occur. Errors can be simple …


Sexting Among Married Couples: Who Is Doing It, And Are They More Satisfied?, Brandon T. Mcdaniel Phd, Michelle Drouin Nov 2015

Sexting Among Married Couples: Who Is Doing It, And Are They More Satisfied?, Brandon T. Mcdaniel Phd, Michelle Drouin

Health Services and Informatics Research

This study examined the prevalence and correlates of sexting (i.e., sending sexual messages via mobile phones) within a sample of married/cohabiting couples (180 wives and 175 husbands). Married adults do sext each other, but it is much less common than within young adult relationships, and consists mainly of sexy or intimate talk (29% reported engaging in sexy talk with partners) rather than sexually explicit photos or videos (12% reported sending nude or nearly-nude photos). Sending sexy talk messages was positively related to relationship satisfaction only among those with high levels of avoidance, and sending sexually explicit pictures was related to …


Security And Privacy Of Electronic Health Information Systems: Editorial, Elisa Bertino, Robert H. Deng, Xinyi Huang, Jianying Zhou Nov 2015

Security And Privacy Of Electronic Health Information Systems: Editorial, Elisa Bertino, Robert H. Deng, Xinyi Huang, Jianying Zhou

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Digital technologies have dramatically transformed our daily lives by bringing countless conveniences and benefits. As an evolving concept, electronic health information has become the focus of attention in both academia and industry. By leveraging modern digital technologies like the internet and the cloud, electronic health information systems will be a key enabling technology in improving the quality and convenience of patient care, encouraging patient participation in their care, reducing medical errors, improving practice efficiencies, and saving time and cost. The complexity of electronic health information systems, however, raises several new security and privacy issues. It is thus critical to investigate …


Mobile Phones In Research And Treatment: Ethical Guidelines And Future Directions, Adrian Carter, Jacki Liddle, Wayne Hall, Helen Chenery Oct 2015

Mobile Phones In Research And Treatment: Ethical Guidelines And Future Directions, Adrian Carter, Jacki Liddle, Wayne Hall, Helen Chenery

Helen Chenery

Mobile phones and other remote monitoring devices, collectively referred to as "mHealth," promise to transform the treatment of a range of conditions, including movement disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease. In this viewpoint paper, we use Parkinson’s disease as an example, although most considerations discussed below are valid for a wide variety of conditions. The ability to easily collect vast arrays of personal data over long periods will give clinicians and researchers unique insights into disease treatment and progression. These capabilities also pose new ethical challenges that health care professionals will need to manage if this promise is to be realized …


Smartphone Medical Applications Useful For The Rural Practitioner, Jordan P. Hilgefort, Sean Fitzpatrick, Dana Lycans, Timothy Wilson-Byrne Md, Chad Fisher, Franklin D. Shuler Md, Phd Oct 2015

Smartphone Medical Applications Useful For The Rural Practitioner, Jordan P. Hilgefort, Sean Fitzpatrick, Dana Lycans, Timothy Wilson-Byrne Md, Chad Fisher, Franklin D. Shuler Md, Phd

Franklin D. Shuler

Like other similarly situated rural states, West Virginia’s patients and practitioners often experience access barriers to current medical expertise for multiple disciplines. This article was generated to help bridge this gap and highlights the best-rated mobile medical applications (Apps) for smartphone use. From finding drug interactions and dosing schedules to discussing patients in HIPAA-compliant formats, Apps are becoming integral to the practice of 21st Century medicine. The increased use of these Apps by physicians-in-training and established practitioners highlights the shift from reliance upon the medical library to the easy to use mobile-based technology platforms. This article provides our practitioners, physician …


Developing And Pretesting A Text Messaging Program For Health Behavior Change, Lorien C. Abroms, Robyn Whittaker, Caroline Free, Judith Mendel Van Alstyne, Jennifer M. Schindler-Ruwisch Oct 2015

Developing And Pretesting A Text Messaging Program For Health Behavior Change, Lorien C. Abroms, Robyn Whittaker, Caroline Free, Judith Mendel Van Alstyne, Jennifer M. Schindler-Ruwisch

Prevention and Community Health Faculty Publications

Background: A growing body of evidence demonstrates that text messaging-based programs (short message service [SMS]) on mobile phones can help people modify health behaviors. Most of these programs have consisted of automated and sometimes interactive text messages that guide a person through the process of behavior change.

Objective: This paper provides guidance on how to develop text messaging programs aimed at changing health behaviors.

Methods: Based on their collective experience in designing, developing, and evaluating text messaging programs and a review of the literature, the authors drafted the guide. One author initially drafted the guide and the others provided input …


Does Unlearning Impact Interaction Of Ehr End-Users?, Julee Hafner, Cherie Noteboom Oct 2015

Does Unlearning Impact Interaction Of Ehr End-Users?, Julee Hafner, Cherie Noteboom

Transactions of the International Conference on Health Information Technology Advancement

Organizations need to remain competitive in today’s marketplace. Technology change impacts knowledge competencies that require alteration quickly, to reduce operating costs, and eliminate human errors. Updating computer system documentation procedures require unlearning to maintain competency. Physician end-users possess specialized competencies, or knowledge base in documentation of patient data to the degree that these operations have become automatic. To change the knowledge base of practitioners, end-users must use intellectual capital to unlearn patient care EHR documentation. This study focused on competency change, with the perceptions and influencers of unlearning of old competencies during EHR updates.


Realizing The Value Of Ehr Systems: Critical Success Factors, Elizabeth A. Regan, Jumee Wang Oct 2015

Realizing The Value Of Ehr Systems: Critical Success Factors, Elizabeth A. Regan, Jumee Wang

Transactions of the International Conference on Health Information Technology Advancement

Now that a majority of hospitals and primary care physicians have made the transition to electronic health record (EHR) systems, realizing value from this investment has become a major issue. The issue raises two key questions: Why do so many EHR implementations continue to fall short of achieving intended healthcare outcome goals? What differentiates those that succeed from those that fall short? This article builds on prior research using a systems framework to analyze the EHR implementation process. It focuses on ten common themes (CSFs) that appear to differentiate institutions which achieve positive healthcare outcomes from those that do not. …


Understanding User Resistance To Information Technology In Healthcare: The Nature And Role Of Perceived Threats, Madison Ngafeeson Oct 2015

Understanding User Resistance To Information Technology In Healthcare: The Nature And Role Of Perceived Threats, Madison Ngafeeson

Transactions of the International Conference on Health Information Technology Advancement

Information technology (IT) in healthcare is here to stay. The United States government has made efforts in the past ten years to harness the power of information technologies in healthcare to improve legibility, lessen medical errors, keep costs low, and boost the overall quality of health care. However, IT user resistance in healthcare is continually cited as a major barrier to achieving desired outcomes. Understanding the nature and manifestation of resistance is clearly a key to successfully managing this industry-wide change, fostering adoption, and realizing positive outcomes. Earlier research had established perceived threats as a significant antecedent of user resistance; …