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2007

Thomas Jefferson University

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Articles 1 - 30 of 237

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Mice Deficient In Involucrin, Envoplakin, And Periplakin Have A Defective Epidermal Barrier., Lisa M Sevilla, Rachida Nachat, Karen R Groot, John F Klement, Jouni Uitto, Philippe Djian, Arto Määttä, Fiona M Watt Dec 2007

Mice Deficient In Involucrin, Envoplakin, And Periplakin Have A Defective Epidermal Barrier., Lisa M Sevilla, Rachida Nachat, Karen R Groot, John F Klement, Jouni Uitto, Philippe Djian, Arto Määttä, Fiona M Watt

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Faculty Papers

The cornified envelope is assembled from transglutaminase cross-linked proteins and lipids in the outermost epidermal layers and is essential for skin barrier function. Involucrin, envoplakin, and periplakin form the protein scaffold on which the envelope assembles. To examine their combined function, we generated mice deficient in all three genes. The triple knockouts have delayed embryonic barrier formation and postnatal hyperkeratosis (abnormal accumulation of cornified cells) resulting from impaired desquamation. Cornified envelopes form but are ultrastructurally abnormal, with reduced lipid content and decreased mechanical integrity. Expression of proteases is reduced and the protease inhibitor, serpina1b, is highly upregulated, resulting in defective …


The "Crossroads" And Beyond, David B. Nash Dec 2007

The "Crossroads" And Beyond, David B. Nash

College of Population Health Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Annual Report, 2006-2007, David B. Nash Dec 2007

Annual Report, 2006-2007, David B. Nash

College of Population Health Annual Reports

No abstract provided.


Healing The Health Care System: Summaries From The Department Of Health Policy Summer Seminar, David B. Nash, Nora Dowd Eisenhower, Rosemarie Greco, Deborah C. Meiris Dec 2007

Healing The Health Care System: Summaries From The Department Of Health Policy Summer Seminar, David B. Nash, Nora Dowd Eisenhower, Rosemarie Greco, Deborah C. Meiris

College of Population Health Faculty Papers

Editorial Introduction:
The disease management field continues to evolve. The range of chronic diseases treated has expanded to include such conditions as obesity and pain management, and the care continuum now encompasses wellness, prevention, and population health. One population that is an ideal candidate for our collective efforts is that of older adults. Global and national population projections reveal the impending staggering increase in the age 65+ cohort, which will cause a sharp increase in the demand for health care and other services due to such age-related issues as multiple chronic conditions, falls, and depression.

To begin to address these …


Report On The U.S. Summit: "Chronic Care At The Crossroads: Exploring Solutions For Chronic Care Management", Janice L. Clarke Dec 2007

Report On The U.S. Summit: "Chronic Care At The Crossroads: Exploring Solutions For Chronic Care Management", Janice L. Clarke

College of Population Health Faculty Papers

On Tuesday, July 17, 2007 in Washington, DC, Intel Corporation assembled a group of the nation’s most respected health leaders to discuss the issues surrounding chronic care and an aging population and explore solutions to these highly complex and increasingly urgent challenges for the US health care system. The highlevel summit, hosted by Intel Chairman Craig Barrett, was held in the auditorium of the National Museum for Women in the Arts and attended, either in person or via the simultaneous webcast, by presidents, chairmen, and executive directors of influential organizations including the National Business Coalition on Health, the National Medical …


How Does Quality Enter Into Health Care Purchasing Decisions?, Neil I. Goldfarb, Vittorio Maio, Chureen T. Carter, Laura Pizzi, David B. Nash Dec 2007

How Does Quality Enter Into Health Care Purchasing Decisions?, Neil I. Goldfarb, Vittorio Maio, Chureen T. Carter, Laura Pizzi, David B. Nash

College of Population Health Faculty Papers

A number of employers, business consortia, and public purchasers are promoting "value-based purchasing" as a way to improve the quality of patient care. Some purchasers are using publicly available information on health plan and provider performance to make their health plan and provider choices, while others are using their market power to drive improvements in patient care and safety. This article examines six key strategies used by purchasers.


Acetylation In Nuclear Receptor Signaling And The Role Of Sirtuins, Chenguang Wang, Michael J. Powell, Vladimir M. Popov, Richard G. Pestell Dec 2007

Acetylation In Nuclear Receptor Signaling And The Role Of Sirtuins, Chenguang Wang, Michael J. Powell, Vladimir M. Popov, Richard G. Pestell

Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers

It has been known since the early 1970s that nuclear receptor complexes bind DNA in association with co-regulatory proteins. Characterization of these nuclear receptor coregulators has revealed diverse enzymatic activities which temporally and spatially coordinate nuclear receptor activity within the context of local chromatin in response to diverse hormone signals. Chromatin modifying proteins, which dictate the higher order chromatin structure in which DNA is packaged, in turn orchestrate orderly recruitment of nuclear receptor complexes. Modifications of histones include acetylation, methylation, phosphorylation, ubiquitylation, sumoylation, ADP ribosylation, deimination and proline isomerization (1). At this time, we understand how a subset of these …


Editorial Board Dec 2007

Editorial Board

Jefferson Journal of Psychiatry

No abstract provided.


Short-Wavelength Light Sensitivity Of Circadian, Pupillary, And Visual Awareness In Humans Lacking An Outer Retina, Farhan H. Zaidi, Joseph T. Hull, Stuart N. Peirson, Katharina Wulff, Daniel Aeschbach, Joshua J. Gooley, George C. Brainard, Kevin Gregory-Evans, Joseph F. Rizzo Iii, Charles A. Czeisler, Russell G. Foster, Merrick J. Moseley, Steven W. Lockley Dec 2007

Short-Wavelength Light Sensitivity Of Circadian, Pupillary, And Visual Awareness In Humans Lacking An Outer Retina, Farhan H. Zaidi, Joseph T. Hull, Stuart N. Peirson, Katharina Wulff, Daniel Aeschbach, Joshua J. Gooley, George C. Brainard, Kevin Gregory-Evans, Joseph F. Rizzo Iii, Charles A. Czeisler, Russell G. Foster, Merrick J. Moseley, Steven W. Lockley

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

As the ear has dual functions for audition and balance, the eye has a dual role in detecting light for a wide range of behavioral and physiological functions separate from sight. These responses are driven primarily by stimulation of photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (pRGCs) that are most sensitive to short-wavelength ( approximately 480 nm) blue light and remain functional in the absence of rods and cones. We examined the spectral sensitivity of non-image-forming responses in two profoundly blind subjects lacking functional rods and cones (one male, 56 yr old; one female, 87 yr old). In the male subject, we found …


Evidence-B(I)Ased Medicine: Limitations And Non-Superstition-Based Alternatives, Joshua S. Green M.D., Ph.D. (Pgy4) Dec 2007

Evidence-B(I)Ased Medicine: Limitations And Non-Superstition-Based Alternatives, Joshua S. Green M.D., Ph.D. (Pgy4)

Jefferson Journal of Psychiatry

The Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) movement crystallized in the early 1990's at McMaster University in Canada. The movement originally challenged practitioners to validate their treatments based on reasoning and clinical studies rather than personal authority. In this essay, I will argue that, contrary to this wholesome intention, EBM is authoritarian in spirit and actually constricts discourse about how to make clinical decisions.


Diphenhydramine-Dependence Resulting From Self-Medication Of Antipsychotic- Induced Extrapyramidal Symptoms, Faisal S. Shaikh M.B.B.S., Ann M. Mortimer M.D. Dec 2007

Diphenhydramine-Dependence Resulting From Self-Medication Of Antipsychotic- Induced Extrapyramidal Symptoms, Faisal S. Shaikh M.B.B.S., Ann M. Mortimer M.D.

Jefferson Journal of Psychiatry

Antipsychotic-induced extrapyramidal symptoms should be recognised and adequately treated. We report an unusual complication of not doing so: a patient’s self-medicating to control these symptoms, which produced diphenhydramine-dependence.


Dissociative-Like Spells In A Child With Neurofibromatosis (Type 1), Gregory M. Singleton M.D. (Pgy2), Ann M. Lagges Ph.D., Karen G. Meighen M.D. Dec 2007

Dissociative-Like Spells In A Child With Neurofibromatosis (Type 1), Gregory M. Singleton M.D. (Pgy2), Ann M. Lagges Ph.D., Karen G. Meighen M.D.

Jefferson Journal of Psychiatry

Neurofibromatosis, type 1, (NF1) is a common neurocutaneous disorder of childhood. Little is known about the psychiatric aspects of the condition. We present the case of a 10-year-old male with NF1 and complex spells. For two years he had been experiencing self-limited paroxysms of auditory and visual hallucination, assaultiveness, excited undressing, and amnesia. The spells have been refractory to multiple treatments, including antipsychotic medication. The question remains whether this episodic amnestic disorder is comorbid with NF1 or is caused by it.


A Major Event Of Self-Mutilation In A Patient With Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Joel P. Johnson M.D. (Pgy4), Steven Sugden M.D., James A. Bourgeois O.D., M.D. Dec 2007

A Major Event Of Self-Mutilation In A Patient With Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Joel P. Johnson M.D. (Pgy4), Steven Sugden M.D., James A. Bourgeois O.D., M.D.

Jefferson Journal of Psychiatry

We describe a young adult male with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) who presented with a non-repetitive, major, genital self-mutilation necessitating urological intervention. On formal psychiatric evaluation, he did not have psychosis or suicidality. Most commonly, self-injury in developmental disability is less severe and more stereotypic; major-class self-mutilation is confined, generally, to psychosis. It is this discrepancy that is the unusual feature of our case.


Autocastration And Autoamputation Of The Penis In A Patient With Delusions Of Sexual Guilt, Craig B. Franke M.D. (Pgy4), James A. Rush M.D. (Pgy3) Dec 2007

Autocastration And Autoamputation Of The Penis In A Patient With Delusions Of Sexual Guilt, Craig B. Franke M.D. (Pgy4), James A. Rush M.D. (Pgy3)

Jefferson Journal of Psychiatry

Genital self-mutilation (GSM) is a rare event that is commonly associated with psychotic disorders; we report an occurrence in the context of psychosis and drug use. We also review the etiologies of this phenomenon and how these etiologies differ across gender.


Clozapine, Fluoxetine, And Benztropine- Associated Ileus: Case Report, Pegah Pajouhi M.D. (Pgy1), James A. Bourgeois O.D., M.D. Dec 2007

Clozapine, Fluoxetine, And Benztropine- Associated Ileus: Case Report, Pegah Pajouhi M.D. (Pgy1), James A. Bourgeois O.D., M.D.

Jefferson Journal of Psychiatry

Gastrointestinal complications of anticholinergic medications are prevalent, potentially life-threatening, and could be more actively prevented. We present a case report of an ileus that required surgical intervention and developed in the context of clozapine, benztropine, and fluoxetine use. The case exemplifies the potential anticholinergic toxicities of clozapine and benztropine as well as possible pharmacokinetic interactions between fluoxetine, clozapine, and benztropine. We discuss ways to minimize the likelihood of anticholinergic complications with these medications.


How Emotional Processes Affect Physical Health And Well-Being Dec 2007

How Emotional Processes Affect Physical Health And Well-Being

Topics in Integrative Medicine

An important philosophical principle of integrative medicine is the interrelationship of physical, emotional and spiritual aspects of health. This article describes mind-body influences and interactions, and presents some of the evidence that supports it.


Renal Cell Carcinoma Metastatic To The Duodenum: Treatment By Classic Pancreaticoduodenectomy And Review Of The Literature, Robert Adamo, Patrick J. Greaney Jr., Agnieszka Witkiewicz, Eugene P. Kennedy, Charles J. Yeo Dec 2007

Renal Cell Carcinoma Metastatic To The Duodenum: Treatment By Classic Pancreaticoduodenectomy And Review Of The Literature, Robert Adamo, Patrick J. Greaney Jr., Agnieszka Witkiewicz, Eugene P. Kennedy, Charles J. Yeo

Department of Surgery Faculty Papers

Renal cell cancer (RCC) most commonly metastasizes to the lungs, bones, liver, renal fossa, and brain, although metastases can occur elsewhere. RCC metastatic to the duodenum is especially rare, with only a small number of cases reported in the literature. Herein, we describe a case of an 86-year-old woman with a history of RCC treated by radical nephrectomy 13 years previously. The patient presented with duodenal obstruction and anemia from a solitary duodenal mass invading into the pancreas and was treated via classic pancreaticoduodenectomy. Preoperative imaging and intra-operative assessment showed no evidence of other disease. Pathology confirmed metastatic RCC without …


Special Article: Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, And Cardiovascular Risk Factors In Childhood, Samuel S. Gidding Dec 2007

Special Article: Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, And Cardiovascular Risk Factors In Childhood, Samuel S. Gidding

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

In adults, physical activity and exercise training are associated with reduced cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, a reduced likelihood of developing adverse cardiovascular risk factors, and improved insulin sensitivity. In childhood, participation in appropriate physical activity may prevent the development of cardiovascular risk factors in the future and complement treatment of existing cardiovascular risk factors, including hypertension, dyslipidemia, and overweight. Exercise in children can also significantly improve insulin sensitivity independent of weight loss. These e fects are mediated in overweight children by increases in lean body mass relative to fat mass and associated improvements in inflammatory mediators, endothelial function, and the …


How To Prevent Perioperative Myocardial Injury: The Conundrum Continues, Jian-Zhong Sun, David Maguire Dec 2007

How To Prevent Perioperative Myocardial Injury: The Conundrum Continues, Jian-Zhong Sun, David Maguire

Department of Anesthesiology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Perioperative myocardial injury (PMI) remains a major cause of perioperative morbidity and mortality but clinical strategies to prevent PMI are still uncertain.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We comprehensively searched PubMed for major research articles concerning clinical strategies to prevent PMI. The key findings are as follows: (1) the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guideline update for perioperative cardiovascular evaluation for noncardiac surgery is very useful to stratify cardiac risk preoperatively; (2) cardiac troponin has emerged as a biomarker to diagnose postoperative PMI and to predict clinical outcomes; (3) coronary revascularization before noncardiac surgery probably would provide cardiac protection in …


Bactericidal Activity Of Extended 9-Glycyl-Amido-Minocyclines, Chang-Po Chen, Allen R. Zeiger, Dr. Eric Wickstrom Dec 2007

Bactericidal Activity Of Extended 9-Glycyl-Amido-Minocyclines, Chang-Po Chen, Allen R. Zeiger, Dr. Eric Wickstrom

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

The need for self-protecting polymer or alloy implants resistant to a broad spectrum of bacterial challenges led us to investigate covalent bonding of minocycline (MIN), a tetracycline derivative, to polystyrene beads and to titanium alloy foils by oligoethylene glycol spacers. 9-Hydrazino-acetyl-amido-MIN, and simpler glycylcycline derivatives, retained minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) against Staphylococcus aureus comparable to MIN. However, PEG-glycyl-amido-MIN showed very low activity. Hence, we coupled 9-hydrazino-acetyl-amido-MIN to the aldehyde termini of oligoethylene glycol spacers bonded to polystyrene and titanium alloy surfaces to form acid-releasable hydrazone linkages. 9-Hydrazino-acetyl-amido-MIN was released from the monolayers more rapidly at pH 5.0 than at pH …


Aoa Symposium. Orthopaedists Partnering With Other Physicians To Provide Musculoskeletal Care., Alan Hilibrand, Kurt P Spindler, Scott D Boden Dec 2007

Aoa Symposium. Orthopaedists Partnering With Other Physicians To Provide Musculoskeletal Care., Alan Hilibrand, Kurt P Spindler, Scott D Boden

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Modulation Of Tgf-Beta Signaling By Proinflammatory Cytokines In Articular Chondrocytes., Jorge A. Roman-Blas, David G. Stokes, Sergio A. Jimenez Dec 2007

Modulation Of Tgf-Beta Signaling By Proinflammatory Cytokines In Articular Chondrocytes., Jorge A. Roman-Blas, David G. Stokes, Sergio A. Jimenez

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVE: The normal structure and function of articular cartilage are the result of a precisely balanced interaction between anabolic and catabolic processes. The transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) family of growth factors generally exerts an anabolic or repair response; in contrast, proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin 1 beta (IL-1beta) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) exert a strong catabolic effect. Recent evidence has shown that IL-1beta, and TNF-alpha, and the TGF-beta signaling pathways share an antagonistic relationship. The aim of this study was to determine whether the modulation of the response of articular chondrocytes to TGF-beta by IL-1beta or TNF-alpha signaling pathways …


In Vitro Methods For Generating Highly Purified Ebv Associated Tumor Antigen-Specific T Cells By Using Solid Phase T Cell Selection System For Immunotherapy, Jongming Li, Bijoyesh Mookerjee, John Wagner, Neal Flomenberg Dec 2007

In Vitro Methods For Generating Highly Purified Ebv Associated Tumor Antigen-Specific T Cells By Using Solid Phase T Cell Selection System For Immunotherapy, Jongming Li, Bijoyesh Mookerjee, John Wagner, Neal Flomenberg

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

Adoptive cell transfer immunotherapy has been utilized to treat EBV related human malignancies including post-transplant lymphoproliferative diseases, Hodgkin's lymphoma and nasopharyngeal carcinoma. However, there are limited options available for tumor antigen-specific T cell purification. Here we describe a novel solid phase T cell selection system, in which monocytes or EBV transformed B-lymphocytes are immobilized on solid support for antigen-specific T cell purification. We hypothesize and prove that antigen-specific T cells recognize their cognate antigens and bind to them faster than non-antigen specific T cells. Therefore antigen-specific T cells can be concentrated on the surface after removing the non-adherent cells by …


Targeted Therapies In The Management Of Metastatic Bladder Cancer., Matteo Fassan, Edouard J. Trabulsi, Leonard G Gomella, Raffaele Baffa Dec 2007

Targeted Therapies In The Management Of Metastatic Bladder Cancer., Matteo Fassan, Edouard J. Trabulsi, Leonard G Gomella, Raffaele Baffa

Department of Urology Faculty Papers

The management of metastatic urothelial carcinoma (UC) of the bladder is a common and complex clinical challenge. Despite the fact that UC is one of the most frequent tumors in the population, long term survival for metastatic disease remains low, and chemotherapy is curative for only a small minority of patients. UC is genetically heterogeneous, and it is surrounded by a complex tissue microenvironment. The problems of clinical practice in the field of metastatic bladder cancer have begun to stimulate translational research. Advances in the understanding of the molecular biology of urothelial cancer continue to contribute to the identification of …


Comparison Of Eight Prosthetic Aortic Valves In A Cadaver Model., Benjamin A. Youdelman, Hitoshi Hirose, Harsh Jain, J Yasha Kresh, John W.C. Entwistle, Andrew S. Wechsler Dec 2007

Comparison Of Eight Prosthetic Aortic Valves In A Cadaver Model., Benjamin A. Youdelman, Hitoshi Hirose, Harsh Jain, J Yasha Kresh, John W.C. Entwistle, Andrew S. Wechsler

Department of Surgery Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVES: Proper valve selection is critical to ensure appropriate valve replacement for patients, because implantation of a small valve might place the patient at risk for persistent gradients. Labeled valve size is not the same as millimeter measure of prosthetic valve diameters or the annulus into which it will fit. Studies that use the labeled valve size in lieu of actual measured diameter in millimeters to compare different valves might be misleading. Using human cadaver hearts, we sized the aortic annulus with 8 commonly used prosthetic aortic valve sizers and compared the valves using geometric orifice area. This novel method …


Elimination/Challenge Diet Nov 2007

Elimination/Challenge Diet

Marcus Institute of Integrative Health of Integrative Medicine Protocols

There are several approaches to identifying food intolerance, and food influences on chronic symptoms and chronic disease. The following instructions describe the approach that we have found to be most helpful for improving patient symptoms and identifying the specific food or foods that may be problematic.


A Dipeptidyl Aminopeptidase-Like Protein Remodels Gating Charge Dynamics In Kv4.2 Channels, Kevin Dougherty, Manuel Covarrubias Nov 2007

A Dipeptidyl Aminopeptidase-Like Protein Remodels Gating Charge Dynamics In Kv4.2 Channels, Kevin Dougherty, Manuel Covarrubias

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Dipeptidyl aminopeptidase–like proteins (DPLPs) interact with Kv4 channels and thereby induce a profound remodeling of activation and inactivation gating. DPLPs are constitutive components of the neuronal Kv4 channel complex, and recent observations have suggested the critical functional role of the single transmembrane segment of these proteins (Zagha, E., A. Ozaita, S.Y. Chang, M.S. Nadal, U. Lin, M.J. Saganich, T. McCormack, K.O. Akinsanya, S.Y. Qi, and B. Rudy. 2005. J. Biol. Chem. 280:18853–18861). However, the underlying mechanism of action is unknown. We hypothesized that a unique interaction between the Kv4.2 channel and a DPLP found in brain (DPPX-S) may remodel the …


Micro Rna 145 Targets The Insulin Receptor Substrate-1 And Inhibits The Growth Of Colon Cancer Cells, Bin Shi, Laura Sepp-Lorenzino, Marco Prisco, Peter Linsley, Tiziana Deangelis, Renato Baserga Nov 2007

Micro Rna 145 Targets The Insulin Receptor Substrate-1 And Inhibits The Growth Of Colon Cancer Cells, Bin Shi, Laura Sepp-Lorenzino, Marco Prisco, Peter Linsley, Tiziana Deangelis, Renato Baserga

Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers

The insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1), a docking protein for both the type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-IR) and the insulin receptor, is known to send a mitogenic, anti-apoptotic, and anti-differentiation signal. Several micro RNAs (miRs) are suggested by the data base as possible candidates for targeting IRS-1. We show here that one of the miRs predicted by the data base, miR145, whether transfected as a synthetic oligonucleotide or expressed from a plasmid, causes down-regulation of IRS-1 in human colon cancer cells. IRS-1 mRNA is not decreased by miR145, while it is down-regulated by an siRNA targeting IRS-1. Targeting of …


Ferric Gluconate Yields Cost-Savings In Hemodialysis Patients With High Ferritin And Low Tsat: Results From The Drive Studies, Laura T. Pizzi, Thomas J. Bunz, David S. Goldfarb, Daniel W. Coyne, Ajay K. Singh Nov 2007

Ferric Gluconate Yields Cost-Savings In Hemodialysis Patients With High Ferritin And Low Tsat: Results From The Drive Studies, Laura T. Pizzi, Thomas J. Bunz, David S. Goldfarb, Daniel W. Coyne, Ajay K. Singh

College of Population Health Lectures, Presentations, Workshops

Purpose: One third of hemodialysis patients have high serum ferritin levels and low transferrin saturation (TSAT). The purpose of this analysis was to determine the cost effectiveness of administering 1g of sodium ferric gluconate complex (SFGC: also referred to as ferric gluconate) to patients with serum ferritin >500ng/mL and TSAT ≤25% based on the Dialysis Patients Response to IV Iron with Elevated Ferritin (DRIVE) study and its 6-week observational extension (DRIVE-II). In these studies, IV iron administration resulted in reduced epoetin requirements.

Methods: Decision analysis was performed using a time horizon of 12 weeks, consistent with the combined duration of …


Robot-Assisted Prostate Brachytherapy, Yan Yu, Tarun Podder, Y D. Zhang, W S. Ng, V Misic, J Sherman, L Fu, D Fuller, D J. Rubens, J D. Strang, R A. Brasacchio, E M. Messing Nov 2007

Robot-Assisted Prostate Brachytherapy, Yan Yu, Tarun Podder, Y D. Zhang, W S. Ng, V Misic, J Sherman, L Fu, D Fuller, D J. Rubens, J D. Strang, R A. Brasacchio, E M. Messing

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Abstract: In contemporary brachytherapy procedures, needle placement at the desired target is challenging due to a variety of reasons. A robot-assisted brachytherapy system can potentially improve needle placement and seed delivery, resulting in enhanced therapeutic delivery. In this paper we present a 16 DOF (degrees-of-freedom) robotic system (9DOF positioning module and 7DOF surgery module) developed and fabricated for prostate brachytherapy. Strategies to reduce needle deflection and target movement were incorporated after extensive experimental validation. Provisions for needle motion and force feedback were included into the system for improving robot control and seed delivery. Preliminary experimental results reveal that the prototype …