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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Nursing And Allied Health Staff Perceptions And Experiences Of A Volunteer Stroke Peer Support Program: A Qualitative Study, Rosemary Saunders, Kien Chan, Renée M. Graham, Elena Adams, Caroline E. Bulsara, Karla Seaman, Marcella Cranny-Connolly Jan 2021

Nursing And Allied Health Staff Perceptions And Experiences Of A Volunteer Stroke Peer Support Program: A Qualitative Study, Rosemary Saunders, Kien Chan, Renée M. Graham, Elena Adams, Caroline E. Bulsara, Karla Seaman, Marcella Cranny-Connolly

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Purpose: Stroke brings about physical, cognitive, and psychosocial changes and, conse-quently, many stroke survivors feel underprepared for the transition from hospital to home. Nursing and allied health staff have a key role in stroke rehabilitation. Peer support programs have been found effective in supporting stroke survivors, alongside hospital staff caring for stroke patients, by providing experiential knowledge that staff are not able to provide. Aim: This study explored the perceptions and experiences of nursing and allied health staff of a volunteer peer support program for stroke inpatients. Methods: This study utilised a qualitative, evaluative case study design. This study was …


Estimating The Economic Cost Of Nurse Sensitive Adverse Events Amongst Patients In Medical And Surgical Settings, Aileen Murphy, Peter Griffiths, Christine Duffield, Noeleen M. Brady, Anne Philomena Scott, Jane Ball, Jonathan Drennan Jan 2021

Estimating The Economic Cost Of Nurse Sensitive Adverse Events Amongst Patients In Medical And Surgical Settings, Aileen Murphy, Peter Griffiths, Christine Duffield, Noeleen M. Brady, Anne Philomena Scott, Jane Ball, Jonathan Drennan

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Aims: To identify the costs associated with nurse sensitive adverse events and the impact of these events on patients’ length of stay. Design: Retrospective cohort study using administrative hospital data. Methods: Data were sourced from patient discharge information (N = 5544) from six acute wards within three hospitals (July 2016–October 2017). A retrospective patient record review was undertaken by extracting data from the hospitals’ administrative systems on inpatient discharges, length of stay and diagnoses; eleven adverse events sensitive to nurse staffing were identified within the administrative system. A negative binomial regression is employed to assess the impact of nurse sensitive …


Questionnaires To Measure Process And Structure Of Quality Indicators For Pediatric Nursing, Maria Forsner, Evalotte Mörelius, Lena Hanberger Jan 2021

Questionnaires To Measure Process And Structure Of Quality Indicators For Pediatric Nursing, Maria Forsner, Evalotte Mörelius, Lena Hanberger

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Introduction The quality of nursing care has a significant impact on the outcomes of care. The specific needs of children requiring hospital care make it essential to monitor and compare data not only on the medically oriented outcome measure but also on nursing care, structure, and process, requiring perspectives from registered nurses (RNs) and nurse managers (NMs). Thus, this project aimed to evaluate the structure and process of nursing quality indicators in pediatric hospital care with questionnaires distributed to RN and NM. Methods We developed separate questionnaires for NMs and RNs to assess the process and structure of the quality …


Workplace Bullying, Psychological Hardiness, And Accidents And Injuries In Nursing: A Moderated Mediation Model, Stephen T. T. Teo, Diep Nguyen, Fiona Trevelyan, Felicity Lamm, Mark Boocock Jan 2021

Workplace Bullying, Psychological Hardiness, And Accidents And Injuries In Nursing: A Moderated Mediation Model, Stephen T. T. Teo, Diep Nguyen, Fiona Trevelyan, Felicity Lamm, Mark Boocock

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

© 2021 Teo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Workplace bullying are prevalent among the nursing workforce. Consequences of workplace bullying include psychological stress and workplace accidents and injuries. Psychological hardiness is proposed as a buffer for workplace bullying and psychological stress on workplace accidents and injuries. This study adopted the Affective Events Theory and Conservation of Resources Theory to develop and test a moderated mediated model in two field …


Clinical Staff Perceptions On The Quality Of End-Of-Life Care In An Australian Acute Private Hospital: A Cross-Sectional Survey, Rosemary Saunders, Courtney Glass, Karla Seaman, Karen Gullick, Julie Andrew, Anne Wilkinson, Ashwini Davray Jan 2021

Clinical Staff Perceptions On The Quality Of End-Of-Life Care In An Australian Acute Private Hospital: A Cross-Sectional Survey, Rosemary Saunders, Courtney Glass, Karla Seaman, Karen Gullick, Julie Andrew, Anne Wilkinson, Ashwini Davray

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Objective: To explore the perceptions of clinical staff on the quality of end-of-life care in an acute private hospital. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study with a convenience sample of clinical staff in an acute private hospital were surveyed using a validated end-of-life survey. Data from the surveys were analysed using descriptive statistics for quantitative responses and inductive content analysis for the open-ended responses. Results: Overall, 133 staff completed the survey. Of these, 107 had cared for a dying patient in the hospital. In total, 87.6% of participants felt confident in their ability to recognise a dying patient and 66.7% felt …


Breeching The System: An Exploration Of Women’S Experiences And Breech Care Recommendations, Sara Morris Jan 2021

Breeching The System: An Exploration Of Women’S Experiences And Breech Care Recommendations, Sara Morris

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Aim:

This presentation reports the findings of a mixed methods study exploring women’s experiences of breech birth in Western Australia (WA) and professional recommendations for breech care.

Methods:

This pragmatic study consisted of a clinical guideline review, semi-structured interviews with women who had experienced a breech birth in WA and a multi-national e-Delphi study involving professionals with knowledge and/or experience of caring for women with a breech presenting fetus. These methods were deemed the optimal way of incorporating current clinical practice guidelines, with multi-disciplinary recommendations and consumer feedback.

Findings:

The clinical guideline review revealed similarities in antenatal care structure and …


A Survey Identifying Leadership And Research Activities Among Nurse Practitioners, Mary Ryder, Elisabeth Jacob, Joyce Hendricks Oct 2020

A Survey Identifying Leadership And Research Activities Among Nurse Practitioners, Mary Ryder, Elisabeth Jacob, Joyce Hendricks

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Background: Nurse Practitioners are identified as the ideal conduit to transform healthcare delivery internationally. Healthcare transformation requires the application of leadership and research skills. Current literature has limited information on NPs as leaders or researchers in the nursing profession.

Objectives: Determine if Nurse Practitioners identify themselves as leaders in nursing. Identify the leadership and research activities and influencing characteristics of Nurse Practitioners in Ireland and Australia. Establish similarities in leadership and research activities between Nurse Practitioners in Ireland and Australia. To identify if there is a relationship between leadership and research activities.

Design: A quantitative electronic survey.

Methods: A …


Mentalisation Amongst Maternal And Child Health Nurses Using The Newborn Behavioural Observations With Infant-Mother Dyads: A Qualitative Study, Kim Simkin-Tran, Bronwyn Harman, Susan Nicolson Aug 2020

Mentalisation Amongst Maternal And Child Health Nurses Using The Newborn Behavioural Observations With Infant-Mother Dyads: A Qualitative Study, Kim Simkin-Tran, Bronwyn Harman, Susan Nicolson

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

© 2020 Elsevier Inc. Purpose: This study explored Maternal and Child Health Nurses' (MCHN) mentalisation processes towards infant-mother dyads when using the Newborn Behavioural Observations (NBO) system in practice. Design and methods: Ten Australian MCHNs (female; aged 31–66 years), who had used the NBO clinically within the last 12 months, were recruited from a database of NBO-trained practitioners. Interpretative phenomenological analysis of one-on-one semi-structured interviews explored MCHNs experiential meaning-making. Results: Analysis of the data produced four main themes: reflections regarding the dyad, personal reflections, reflection into action, and professional identity and future practice. MCHNs reported that the NBO's focus on …


Measuring The ‘Dose’ Of Person-Centred Care In Aged Care: Development Of Staff And Family Questionnaires, Davina Porock, Junxin Li, Yu-Ping Chang Apr 2020

Measuring The ‘Dose’ Of Person-Centred Care In Aged Care: Development Of Staff And Family Questionnaires, Davina Porock, Junxin Li, Yu-Ping Chang

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Aims:

To develop a theoretically and psychometrically sound instrument to measure the ‘dose’ of person-centred care practice in long-term care.

Background:

Although person-centred care has been adopted for long-term care across the world, there is a lack of theory-based instruments to measure its impact. Two questionnaires were developed to measure person-centred care from the perspectives of staff and family based on current person-centred care frameworks: Kitwood, Nolan, and Eden Alternative.

Methods:

Phase I: literature review and focus groups identified potential items for the questionnaires. Phase II: academic experts, local staff, and family members of residents assessed content validity. Phase III: …


Nursing And Midwifery Students' Experiences And Perception Of Their Clinical Learning Environment In Malawi: A Mixed-Method Study, B. C. Mbakaya, F. W. Kalembo, Maggie Zgambo, A. Konyani, F. Lungu, B. Tveit, A. Kaasen, M. Simango, T. Bvumbwe Jan 2020

Nursing And Midwifery Students' Experiences And Perception Of Their Clinical Learning Environment In Malawi: A Mixed-Method Study, B. C. Mbakaya, F. W. Kalembo, Maggie Zgambo, A. Konyani, F. Lungu, B. Tveit, A. Kaasen, M. Simango, T. Bvumbwe

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

© 2020 The Author(s). Background: The clinical learning environment is an important part of the nursing and midwifery training as it helps students to integrate theory into clinical practice. However, not all clinical learning environments foster positive learning. This study aimed to assess the student nurses and midwives' experiences and perception of the clinical learning environment in Malawi. Methods: A concurrent triangulation mixed methods research design was used to collect data from nursing and midwifery students. Quantitative data were collected using a Clinical Learning Environment Inventory, while qualitative data were collected using focus group discussions. The Clinical Learning Environment Inventory …


Experiences Of Parents Who Give Pharmacological Treatment To Children With Functional Constipation At Home, Gunilla Flankegård, Evalotte Mörelius, Karel Duchen, Patrik Rytterström Jan 2020

Experiences Of Parents Who Give Pharmacological Treatment To Children With Functional Constipation At Home, Gunilla Flankegård, Evalotte Mörelius, Karel Duchen, Patrik Rytterström

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

© 2020 The Authors. Journal of Advanced Nursing published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd Aim: The aim was to explore the lived experiences of parents who give oral and rectal pharmacological treatment to their children with functional constipation at home. Design: A phenomenological design with a reflective lifeworld research approach that describes phenomena as they are experienced by individuals. Methods: From January–May 2019, 15 interviews were conducted with parents of children with functional constipation with home-based oral and rectal treatment. Parents were recruited from three different healthcare levels. Open-ended questions were used starting from the description of a normal …


Interpreting Health Events In Big Data Using Qualitative Traditions, Roschelle L. Fritz, Gordana Dermody Jan 2020

Interpreting Health Events In Big Data Using Qualitative Traditions, Roschelle L. Fritz, Gordana Dermody

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

© The Author(s) 2020. The training of artificial intelligence requires integrating real-world context and mathematical computations. To achieve efficacious smart health artificial intelligence, contextual clinical knowledge serving as ground truth is required. Qualitative methods are well-suited to lend consistent and valid ground truth. In this methods article, we illustrate the use of qualitative descriptive methods for providing ground truth when training an intelligent agent to detect Restless Leg Syndrome. We show how one interdisciplinary, inter-methodological research team used both sensor-based data and the participant’s description of their experience with an episode of Restless Leg Syndrome for training the intelligent agent. …


A Bitter Pill To Swallow: Registered Nurses And Medicines Regulation In Remote Australia, Katie R. Pennington, Kim D. Clark, Sabina Knight Jan 2020

A Bitter Pill To Swallow: Registered Nurses And Medicines Regulation In Remote Australia, Katie R. Pennington, Kim D. Clark, Sabina Knight

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

INTRODUCTION: Access to essential medicines is a human right and an objective of the National Medicines Policy in Australia. Health workforce distribution characteristics in remote Australia implies registered nurses (RNs) may find themselves responsible for a broader range of activities in the medication management cycle than they would be elsewhere in the nation. The regulation of health professionals and their training requirements provides essential but complex protections for the public. These protections include the National Registration and Accreditation Scheme for health practitioners and the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency. Other levels of control or regulation are also exerted over health …


Development And Validation Of The Needs Of Children Questionnaire: An Instrument To Measure Children's Self-Reported Needs In Hospital, Mandie Foster, Lisa Whitehead, Diana Arabiat Oct 2019

Development And Validation Of The Needs Of Children Questionnaire: An Instrument To Measure Children's Self-Reported Needs In Hospital, Mandie Foster, Lisa Whitehead, Diana Arabiat

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

AIM: To develop and psychometrically test the needs of children questionnaire (NCQ), a new instrument to measure school-aged children's self-reported psychosocial physical and emotional needs in paediatric wards.

DESIGN: This is an instrument development study based on recommendations for developing a reliable and valid questionnaire.

METHOD: The NCQ was developed over three phases between February 2013-April 2017 and included item generation; content adequacy assessment; questionnaire administration; factor analysis; internal consistency assessment and construct validity. Psychometric properties were assessed after 193 school-aged children completed the needs of children's questionnaire in four paediatric areas in Australia and New Zealand.

RESULTS: The development …


Variables Associated With Successful Vascular Access Cannulation In Hemodialysis Patients: A Prospective Cohort Study, Linda L. Coventry, Jon M. Hosking, Doris T. Chan, Evelyn Coral, Wai H. Lim, Amanda Towell-Barnard, Diane E. Twigg, Claire M. Rickard May 2019

Variables Associated With Successful Vascular Access Cannulation In Hemodialysis Patients: A Prospective Cohort Study, Linda L. Coventry, Jon M. Hosking, Doris T. Chan, Evelyn Coral, Wai H. Lim, Amanda Towell-Barnard, Diane E. Twigg, Claire M. Rickard

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

BACKGROUND: Successful vascular access (VA) cannulation is integral to the delivery of adequate dialysis, highlighting the importance of ensuring the viability of arteriovenous access in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Missed VA cannulation can lead to infection, infiltration, hematoma or aneurysm formation resulting in the need for access revision, central venous catheter (CVC) placement, or permanent loss of VA. Cannulation-related complications can also negatively impact on a patient's dialysis experience and quality of life. This study aimed to identify patient, VA and nurse factors associated with unsuccessful VA cannulations.

METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in HD patients with a permanent …


The Effect Of Volunteers’ Care And Support On The Health Outcomes Of Older Adults In Acute Care: A Systematic Scoping Review, Rosemary Saunders, Karla Seaman, Renée Graham, Angela Christiansen Jan 2019

The Effect Of Volunteers’ Care And Support On The Health Outcomes Of Older Adults In Acute Care: A Systematic Scoping Review, Rosemary Saunders, Karla Seaman, Renée Graham, Angela Christiansen

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Aim: To examine the available evidence on the effects of care and support provided by volunteers on the health outcomes of older adults in acute care services.

Background: Acute hospital inpatient populations are becoming older, and this presents the potential for poorer health outcomes. Factors such as chronic health conditions, polypharmacy and cognitive and functional decline are associated with increased risk of health care‐related harm, such as falls, delirium and poor nutrition. To minimise the risk of health care‐related harm, volunteer programmes to support patient care have been established in many hospitals worldwide.

Design: A systematic scoping review.

Methods: The …


Lifestyle Health Behaviors Of Nurses And Midwives: The ‘Fit For The Future’ Study, Lin Perry, Xiaoyue Xu, Robyn Callagher, Rachel Nicholls, David Sibbritt, Christine Duffield Jan 2018

Lifestyle Health Behaviors Of Nurses And Midwives: The ‘Fit For The Future’ Study, Lin Perry, Xiaoyue Xu, Robyn Callagher, Rachel Nicholls, David Sibbritt, Christine Duffield

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Nurses and midwives (nurses) are the principle role models and health educators for the wider population. This study sought to identify the health-related behaviors of the nursing workforce of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, compared to contemporary recommendations for healthy living and to the Australian general population, matched by gender and age. An electronic cross-sectional survey delivered in 2014–2015 recruited 5041 nurses through the NSW Nurses and Midwives Association and professional networks. Validated health behavior measures were collected and compared to Australian National Health Survey data. Compared with younger nurses, older nurses reported greater adherence to fruit and vegetable guideline …


In The Shadow Of The Ivory Tower: Experiences Of Midwives And Nurses Undertaking Phds, Sadie Geraghty, Kim Oliver Jan 2018

In The Shadow Of The Ivory Tower: Experiences Of Midwives And Nurses Undertaking Phds, Sadie Geraghty, Kim Oliver

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Aims: The aims of this study were to gain an understanding of the experiences of nurses and midwives enrolled in a PhD, explore any barriers that PhD students encounter whilst completing the degree, and develop recommendations for consideration in formulating support strategies to encourage completion for nurses and midwives enrolled on a PhD degree. Background: It is important to understand what is happening at doctoral level education for nurses and midwives, and how those enrolled on PhD courses can successfully complete their studies, transition learning, and acquire the ability to undertake research into the clinical environments. Design: The criteria for …


Advance Care Planning Uptake Among Patients With Severe Lung Disease: A Randomised Patient Preference Trial Of A Nurse-Led, Facilitated Advance Care Planning Intervention, Craig Sinclair, Kirsten Anne Auret, Sharon Frances Evans, Fiona Williamson, Siobhan Dormer, Anne Wilkinson, Kim Greeve, Audrey Koay, Dot Price, Fraser Brims Feb 2017

Advance Care Planning Uptake Among Patients With Severe Lung Disease: A Randomised Patient Preference Trial Of A Nurse-Led, Facilitated Advance Care Planning Intervention, Craig Sinclair, Kirsten Anne Auret, Sharon Frances Evans, Fiona Williamson, Siobhan Dormer, Anne Wilkinson, Kim Greeve, Audrey Koay, Dot Price, Fraser Brims

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Objective

Advance care planning (ACP) clarifies goals for future care if a patient becomes unable to communicate their own preferences. However, ACP uptake is low, with discussions often occurring late. This study assessed whether a systematic nurse-led ACP intervention increases ACP in patients with advanced respiratory disease.

Design

A multicentre open-label randomised controlled trial with preference arm.

Setting

Metropolitan teaching hospital and a rural healthcare network.

Participants

149 participants with respiratory malignancy, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or interstitial lung disease.

Intervention

Nurse facilitators offered facilitated ACP discussions, prompted further discussions with doctors and loved ones, and assisted participants to appoint …


Protocol For Care After Lymphoma (Caly) Trial: A Phase Ii Pilot Randomised Controlled Trial Of A Lymphoma Nurse-Led Model Of Survivorship Care, Karen Taylor, David Joske, Max Bulsara, Caroline Bulsara, Leanne Monterosso Jan 2016

Protocol For Care After Lymphoma (Caly) Trial: A Phase Ii Pilot Randomised Controlled Trial Of A Lymphoma Nurse-Led Model Of Survivorship Care, Karen Taylor, David Joske, Max Bulsara, Caroline Bulsara, Leanne Monterosso

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Introduction:

Lymphoma is the sixth most common cancer diagnosed in Australia and internationally. Owing to the aggressive nature of the disease and intensity of treatment, survivors face long-term effects that impact on quality of life. Current models of follow-up post-treatment fail to address these complex issues. Given that 74% of patients with lymphoma cancer now survive 5 years beyond diagnosis and treatment, it is important to address this gap in care.

Aim:

To determine self-reported informational and practical needs, anxiety, depression, stress, coping and empowerment at baseline, 3 and 6 months.

Methods and analysis:

A pilot randomised controlled trial will …


The Impact Of Adding Assistants In Nursing To Acute Care Hospital Ward Nurse Staffing On Adverse Patient Outcomes: An Analysis Of Administrative Health Data, Diane E. Twigg, Helen Myers, Christine M. Duffield, Judith Dianne Pugh, Lucy Gelder Jan 2016

The Impact Of Adding Assistants In Nursing To Acute Care Hospital Ward Nurse Staffing On Adverse Patient Outcomes: An Analysis Of Administrative Health Data, Diane E. Twigg, Helen Myers, Christine M. Duffield, Judith Dianne Pugh, Lucy Gelder

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Objectives:

The aim of this study was to assess the impact of adding assistants in nursing to acute care hospital ward nurse staffing on adverse patient outcomes using administrative health data.

Design:

Logistic regression modelling was used with linked administrative health data to examine the association between seven adverse patient outcomes and use of assistants in nursing utilising a pre-test/ post-test design. Outcomes included were in-hospital 30-day mortality, failure to rescue, urinary tract infection, pressure injury, pneumonia, sepsis and falls with injury.

Setting:

Eleven acute care metropolitan hospitals in Western Australia. Sample: Patients were retained in the dataset if they …


The Specialist Breast Care Nurse's Role In The Indentification And Minimisation Of Distress In A Members' Only, Breast Cancer Focused Online Support Community, Cynthia Witney, Joyce M. Hendricks Phd, Vicki C. Cope Ms Jan 2015

The Specialist Breast Care Nurse's Role In The Indentification And Minimisation Of Distress In A Members' Only, Breast Cancer Focused Online Support Community, Cynthia Witney, Joyce M. Hendricks Phd, Vicki C. Cope Ms

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Objectives: To show how a specialist breast care nurse (SBCN) can use the distress thermometer to determine an online community member’s distress level and then use the information in their posts and blogs to identify the cause(s) and deal with them appropriately. To highlight the use of a structured written emotional expression (SWEE) format online, as a way of minimising distress. Method: A survey of online community members together with analysis of the content of members’ posts and blogs to determine whether their distress thermometer score had decreased since the SBCN had been online to deal with member distress. Results: …


Is There An Economic Case For Investing In Nursing Care – What Does The Literature Tell Us?, Diane E. Twigg, Helen Myers, Christine Duffield, Margaret Giles, Gemma Evans Jan 2015

Is There An Economic Case For Investing In Nursing Care – What Does The Literature Tell Us?, Diane E. Twigg, Helen Myers, Christine Duffield, Margaret Giles, Gemma Evans

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Aim

To determine the cost effectiveness of increasing nurse staffing or changing the nursing skill mix in adult medical and/or surgical patients?

Background

Research has demonstrated that nurse staffing levels and skill mix are associated with patient outcomes in acute care settings. If increased nurse staffing levels or richer skill mix can be shown to be cost-effective hospitals may be more likely to consider these aspects when making staffing decisions.

Design

A systematic review of the literature on economic evaluations of nurse staffing and patient outcomes was conducted to see whether there is consensus that increasing nursing hours/skill mix is …