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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Combination Fixed-Dose Β Agonist And Steroid Inhaler As Required For Adults Or Children With Mild Asthma: A Cochrane Systematic Review, Iain Crossingham, Sally Turner, Sanjay Ramakrishnan, Anastasia Fries, Matthew Gowell, Farhat Yasmin, Rebekah Richardson, Philip Webb, Emily O'Boyle, Timothy S. C. Hinks Jan 2022

Combination Fixed-Dose Β Agonist And Steroid Inhaler As Required For Adults Or Children With Mild Asthma: A Cochrane Systematic Review, Iain Crossingham, Sally Turner, Sanjay Ramakrishnan, Anastasia Fries, Matthew Gowell, Farhat Yasmin, Rebekah Richardson, Philip Webb, Emily O'Boyle, Timothy S. C. Hinks

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Background: In people with mild asthma poor adherence to regular therapy is common and increases the risk of exacerbations, morbidity and mortality. The use of fixed-dose combination inhalers containing an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) and a fast-acting β2-agonist (FABA) is established in moderate asthma, but they may also have potential utility in mild asthma. Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of single combined FABA/ICS inhaler only used as needed in people with mild asthma. Design and setting: Cochrane meta-analysis of available trial data. Participants: Children aged 12+ and adults with mild asthma. Search methods: We searched the Cochrane Airways Trials …


“Coronavirus Changed The Rules On Everything”: Parent Perspectives On How The Covid‐19 Pandemic Influenced Family Routines, Relationships And Technology Use In Families With Infants, Rebecca Hood, Juliana Zabatiero, Desiree Silva, Stephen R. Zubrick, Leon Straker Dec 2021

“Coronavirus Changed The Rules On Everything”: Parent Perspectives On How The Covid‐19 Pandemic Influenced Family Routines, Relationships And Technology Use In Families With Infants, Rebecca Hood, Juliana Zabatiero, Desiree Silva, Stephen R. Zubrick, Leon Straker

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

This study explores how the first wave of the COVID‐19 pandemic influenced family routines, relationships and technology use (smartphones and tablet computers) among families with infants. Infancy is known to be an important period for attachment security and future child development, and a time of being susceptible to changes within and outside of the family unit. A qualitative design using convenience sampling was employed. A total of 30 mothers in Perth, Western Australia participated in semi‐structured interviews by audio or video call. All mothers were parents of infants aged 9 to 15 months old. Interviews were audio‐recorded and transcribed, and …


Language Abilities In Children Born To Mothers Diagnosed With Diabetes: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Diana Arabiat, Mohammad Al Jabery, Mark Jenkins, Vivien Kemp, Lisa Whitehead, Gary Adams Aug 2021

Language Abilities In Children Born To Mothers Diagnosed With Diabetes: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Diana Arabiat, Mohammad Al Jabery, Mark Jenkins, Vivien Kemp, Lisa Whitehead, Gary Adams

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Background: This meta-analysis reviewed and synthesized the available evidence on the association between intrauterine exposure to maternal diabetes and language abilities in children. Method: MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Proquest Dissertations and Theses Global, and Google Scholar databases were searched through December 2020. Studies were systematically searched, and effect sizes were calculated using random effects models. Results: Twelve studies were identified for inclusion in this review, however, only 10 were included in the meta-analysis. Sample size ranged from 9 to 115 participants in the diabetes group and 28 to 8192 in the control and aged around 3 years. The pooled results of …


Questionnaires To Measure Process And Structure Of Quality Indicators For Pediatric Nursing, Maria Forsner, Evalotte Mörelius, Lena Hanberger Jan 2021

Questionnaires To Measure Process And Structure Of Quality Indicators For Pediatric Nursing, Maria Forsner, Evalotte Mörelius, Lena Hanberger

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Introduction The quality of nursing care has a significant impact on the outcomes of care. The specific needs of children requiring hospital care make it essential to monitor and compare data not only on the medically oriented outcome measure but also on nursing care, structure, and process, requiring perspectives from registered nurses (RNs) and nurse managers (NMs). Thus, this project aimed to evaluate the structure and process of nursing quality indicators in pediatric hospital care with questionnaires distributed to RN and NM. Methods We developed separate questionnaires for NMs and RNs to assess the process and structure of the quality …


Children And Young People's Experiences Of Living With Developmental Coordination Disorder/Dyspraxia: A Systematic Review And Meta-Ethnography Of Qualitative Research, Aíne O'Dea, Mandy Stanley, Susan Coote, Katie Robinson Jan 2021

Children And Young People's Experiences Of Living With Developmental Coordination Disorder/Dyspraxia: A Systematic Review And Meta-Ethnography Of Qualitative Research, Aíne O'Dea, Mandy Stanley, Susan Coote, Katie Robinson

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Background: To date services for children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) have not been informed by the perspective of children with DCD. This study aimed to synthesise the findings of discrete qualitative studies reporting the lived experiences views and preferences of children and young with DCD using a meta-ethnographic approach to develop new conceptual understandings. Methods: A systematic search of ten databases; Academic Search Complete, AMED, CINAHL, ERIC, MEDLINE, PsychArticles, PsychInfo, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science, was conducted between March and April 2019, and updated in early June 2020. Meta-ethnography, following the method described by Noblit and Hare was …


Integrated Guidance For Enhancing The Care Of Familial Hypercholesterolaemia In Australia, Gerald F. Watts, David R. Sullivan, David L. Hare, Karam M. Kostner, Ari E. Horton, Damon A. Bell, Tom Brett, Ronald J. Trent, Nicola K. Poplawski, Andrew C. Martin, Shubha Srinivasan, Robert N. Justo, Clara K. Chow, Jing Pang, Zanfina Ademi, Justin J. Ardill, Wendy Barnett, Timothy R. Bates, Lawrence J. Beilin, Warrick Bishop, J. Andrew Black, Peter Brett, Alex Brown, John R. Burnett, Christina A. Bursill, Alison Colley, Peter M. Clifton, Elif I. Ekinci, Luke Elias, Gemma A. Figtree, Brett H. Forge, Jacquie Garton-Smith, Dorothy F. Graham, Ian Hamilton-Craig, Christian R. Hamilton-Craig, Clare Heal, Charlotte M. Hespe, Amanda J. Hooper, Laurence G. Howes, Jodie Ingles, John Irvin, Edward D. Janus, Nadarajah Kangaharan, Anthony C. Keech, Andrew B. Kirke, Leonard Kritharides, Campbell V. Kyle, Paul Lacaze, Kirsten Lambert, Stephen C. H. Li, Wynand Malan, Stjepana Maticevic, Brendan M. Mcquillan, Sam Mirzaee, Trevor A. Mori, Allison C. Morton, David M. Colquhoun, Joanna C. Moullin, Paul J. Nestel, Kristen J. Nowak, Richard C. O'Brien, Nicholas Pachter, Michael M. Page, Annette Pedrotti, Peter J. Psaltis, Jan Radford, Nicola J. Reid, Elizabeth N. Robertson, Jacqueline D. M. Ryan, Mitchell N. Sarkies, Carl J. Schultz, Russell S. Scott, Christopher Semsarian, Leon A. Simons, Catherine Spinks, Andrew M. Tonkin, Frank Van Bockxmeer, Kathryn E. Waddell-Smith, Natalie C. Ward, Harvey D. White, Andrew M. Wilson, Ingrid Winship, Ann Marie Woodward, Stephen J. Nicholls, Fh Australasia Network Consensus Working Group Jan 2021

Integrated Guidance For Enhancing The Care Of Familial Hypercholesterolaemia In Australia, Gerald F. Watts, David R. Sullivan, David L. Hare, Karam M. Kostner, Ari E. Horton, Damon A. Bell, Tom Brett, Ronald J. Trent, Nicola K. Poplawski, Andrew C. Martin, Shubha Srinivasan, Robert N. Justo, Clara K. Chow, Jing Pang, Zanfina Ademi, Justin J. Ardill, Wendy Barnett, Timothy R. Bates, Lawrence J. Beilin, Warrick Bishop, J. Andrew Black, Peter Brett, Alex Brown, John R. Burnett, Christina A. Bursill, Alison Colley, Peter M. Clifton, Elif I. Ekinci, Luke Elias, Gemma A. Figtree, Brett H. Forge, Jacquie Garton-Smith, Dorothy F. Graham, Ian Hamilton-Craig, Christian R. Hamilton-Craig, Clare Heal, Charlotte M. Hespe, Amanda J. Hooper, Laurence G. Howes, Jodie Ingles, John Irvin, Edward D. Janus, Nadarajah Kangaharan, Anthony C. Keech, Andrew B. Kirke, Leonard Kritharides, Campbell V. Kyle, Paul Lacaze, Kirsten Lambert, Stephen C. H. Li, Wynand Malan, Stjepana Maticevic, Brendan M. Mcquillan, Sam Mirzaee, Trevor A. Mori, Allison C. Morton, David M. Colquhoun, Joanna C. Moullin, Paul J. Nestel, Kristen J. Nowak, Richard C. O'Brien, Nicholas Pachter, Michael M. Page, Annette Pedrotti, Peter J. Psaltis, Jan Radford, Nicola J. Reid, Elizabeth N. Robertson, Jacqueline D. M. Ryan, Mitchell N. Sarkies, Carl J. Schultz, Russell S. Scott, Christopher Semsarian, Leon A. Simons, Catherine Spinks, Andrew M. Tonkin, Frank Van Bockxmeer, Kathryn E. Waddell-Smith, Natalie C. Ward, Harvey D. White, Andrew M. Wilson, Ingrid Winship, Ann Marie Woodward, Stephen J. Nicholls, Fh Australasia Network Consensus Working Group

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is a dominant and highly penetrant monogenic disorder present from birth that markedly elevates plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol concentration and, if untreated, leads to premature atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease (CAD). There are approximately 100,000 people with FH in Australia. However, an overwhelming majority of those affected remain undetected and inadequately treated, consistent with FH being a leading challenge for public health genomics. To further address the unmet need, we provide an updated guidance, presented as a series of systematically collated recommendations, on the care of patients and families with FH. These recommendations have been informed by …


Synopsis Of An Integrated Guidance For Enhancing The Care Of Familial Hypercholesterolaemia: An Australian Perspective, Gerald F. Watts, David R. Sullivan, David L. Hare, Karam M. Kostner, Ari E. Horton, Damon A. Bell, Tom Brett, Ronald J. Trent, Nicola K. Poplawski, Andrew C. Martin, Shubha Srinivasan, Robert N. Justo, Clara K. Chow, Jing Pang, Zanfina Ademi, Justin J. Ardill, Wendy Barnett, Timothy R. Bates, Lawrence J. Beilin, Warrick Bishop, J. Andrew Black, Alex Brown, John R. Burnett, Christina A. Bursill, Alison Colley, Peter M. Clifton, Elif I. Ekinci, Gemma A. Figtree, Brett H. Forge, Jacquie Garton-Smith, Dorothy F. Graham, Ian Hamilton-Craig, Christian R. Hamilton-Craig, Clare Heal, Charlotte M. Hespe, Amanda J. Hooper, Laurence G. Howes, Jodie Ingles, Edward D. Janus, Nadarajah Kangaharan, Anthony C. Keech, Andrew B. Kirke, Leonard Kritharides, Campbell V. Kyle, Paul Lacaze, Stephen C. H. Li, Stjepana Maticevic, Brendan M. Mcquillan, Sam Mirzaee, Trevor A. Mori, Allison C. Morton, David M. Colquhoun, Joanna C. Moullin, Paul J. Nestel, Kristen J. Nowak, Richard C. O'Brien, Nicholas Pachter, Michael M. Page, Peter J. Psaltis, Jan Radford, Nicola J. Reid, Elizabeth N. Robertson, Jacqueline D. M. Ryan, Mitchell N. Sarkies, Carl J. Schultz, Russell S. Scott, Christopher Semsarian, Leon A. Simons, Catherine Spinks, Andrew M. Tonkin, Frank Van Bockxmeer, Kathryn E. Waddell-Smith, Natalie C. Ward, Harvey D. White, Andrew M. Wilson, Ingrid Winship, Ann Marie Woodward, Stephen J. Nicholls, Peter Brett, Luke Elias, Wynand Malan, John Irvin, Kirsten Lambert, Annette Pedrotti, Fh Australasia Network Consensus Working Group Jan 2021

Synopsis Of An Integrated Guidance For Enhancing The Care Of Familial Hypercholesterolaemia: An Australian Perspective, Gerald F. Watts, David R. Sullivan, David L. Hare, Karam M. Kostner, Ari E. Horton, Damon A. Bell, Tom Brett, Ronald J. Trent, Nicola K. Poplawski, Andrew C. Martin, Shubha Srinivasan, Robert N. Justo, Clara K. Chow, Jing Pang, Zanfina Ademi, Justin J. Ardill, Wendy Barnett, Timothy R. Bates, Lawrence J. Beilin, Warrick Bishop, J. Andrew Black, Alex Brown, John R. Burnett, Christina A. Bursill, Alison Colley, Peter M. Clifton, Elif I. Ekinci, Gemma A. Figtree, Brett H. Forge, Jacquie Garton-Smith, Dorothy F. Graham, Ian Hamilton-Craig, Christian R. Hamilton-Craig, Clare Heal, Charlotte M. Hespe, Amanda J. Hooper, Laurence G. Howes, Jodie Ingles, Edward D. Janus, Nadarajah Kangaharan, Anthony C. Keech, Andrew B. Kirke, Leonard Kritharides, Campbell V. Kyle, Paul Lacaze, Stephen C. H. Li, Stjepana Maticevic, Brendan M. Mcquillan, Sam Mirzaee, Trevor A. Mori, Allison C. Morton, David M. Colquhoun, Joanna C. Moullin, Paul J. Nestel, Kristen J. Nowak, Richard C. O'Brien, Nicholas Pachter, Michael M. Page, Peter J. Psaltis, Jan Radford, Nicola J. Reid, Elizabeth N. Robertson, Jacqueline D. M. Ryan, Mitchell N. Sarkies, Carl J. Schultz, Russell S. Scott, Christopher Semsarian, Leon A. Simons, Catherine Spinks, Andrew M. Tonkin, Frank Van Bockxmeer, Kathryn E. Waddell-Smith, Natalie C. Ward, Harvey D. White, Andrew M. Wilson, Ingrid Winship, Ann Marie Woodward, Stephen J. Nicholls, Peter Brett, Luke Elias, Wynand Malan, John Irvin, Kirsten Lambert, Annette Pedrotti, Fh Australasia Network Consensus Working Group

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Introduction Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is a common, heritable and preventable cause of premature coronary artery disease, with significant potential for positive impact on public health and healthcare savings. New clinical practice recommendations are presented in an abridged guidance to assist practitioners in enhancing the care of all patients with FH. Main recommendations Core recommendations are made on the detection, diagnosis, assessment and management of adults, children and adolescents with FH. There is a key role for general practitioners (GPs) working in collaboration with specialists with expertise in lipidology. Advice is given on genetic and cholesterol testing and risk notification of …


The Psychosocial Impact Of Rare Diseases Among Children And Adolescents Attending Mainstream Schools In Western Australia, Esther A. Adama, Diana Arabiat, Mandie Foster, Ebenezer Afrifa-Yamoah, K. Runions, R. Vithiatharan, A. Lin Jan 2021

The Psychosocial Impact Of Rare Diseases Among Children And Adolescents Attending Mainstream Schools In Western Australia, Esther A. Adama, Diana Arabiat, Mandie Foster, Ebenezer Afrifa-Yamoah, K. Runions, R. Vithiatharan, A. Lin

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Living with a long-term medical condition is associated with heightened risk for mental health and psychosocial difficulties, but further research is required on this risk for children and adolescents with a rare disease in the educational setting. The aim of this study is to describe parents’ perceptions of the psychosocial impact of rare diseases on their school-aged children in Western Australia. A cross-sectional survey of 41 parents of school-aged children and adolescents diagnosed with a rare disease completed an online questionnaire. Questions related to their perceptions of health-related stigma, bullying, social competencies and mental health difficulties faced by their child. …


The Knowledge, Attitudes And Beliefs Of Midwives On The Vaccination Coverage Rates In Perth’S Aboriginal Children, Rebecca Carman, Lesley Andrew, Amanda Devine Jan 2021

The Knowledge, Attitudes And Beliefs Of Midwives On The Vaccination Coverage Rates In Perth’S Aboriginal Children, Rebecca Carman, Lesley Andrew, Amanda Devine

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Background: Midwives are well placed to promote vaccination awareness throughout a women’s pregnancy and strengthen childhood vaccination demand following hospital discharge. In Perth, Western Australia, Aboriginal children experience some of the lowest vaccination coverage rates across the nation. To identify factors preventing greater vaccination uptake amongst the target population, a theory-based study was conducted with midwives across two Perth maternity hospitals to explore behavioural attributes, knowledge, attitudes and beliefs surrounding vaccination provision and the vaccines administered to Aboriginal children. Methods: A purpose-designed questionnaire was distributed to midwives working in two Perth public maternity hospitals. The proximal constructs of The Theory …


A Concept Analysis Of Psychological Distress In Parents Related To Diabetes Management In Children And Adolescents, Diana Arabiat, Mohammad Al Jabery, Lisa Whitehead Jan 2020

A Concept Analysis Of Psychological Distress In Parents Related To Diabetes Management In Children And Adolescents, Diana Arabiat, Mohammad Al Jabery, Lisa Whitehead

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Purpose:

To report a concept analysis of parents' psychological distress in the context of diabetes management among children and adolescents. A clear understanding of the possible impact of diabetes management on parents will help to inform how nurses can work with parents to support glycaemic control in children and adolescents.

Design and Method:

Concept analysis using Walker and Avant's eight-stage approach was used as a guiding framework. PubMed, OVID (CINAHL, Medline, PsychInfo), the Cochrane library and the Joanna Briggs library were searched for the past 50 years.

Results:

Thirty-three studies provided data for the concept analysis. Attributes included difficulty coping, …


The Relationship Between Abdominal Pain And Emotional Wellbeing In Children And Adolescents In The Raine Study, Oyekoya T. Ayonrinde, Oyedeji A. Ayonrinde, Leon A. Adams, Frank M. Sanfilippo, Therese A. O’ Sullivan, Monique Robinson, Wendy H. Oddy, John K. Olynyk Jan 2020

The Relationship Between Abdominal Pain And Emotional Wellbeing In Children And Adolescents In The Raine Study, Oyekoya T. Ayonrinde, Oyedeji A. Ayonrinde, Leon A. Adams, Frank M. Sanfilippo, Therese A. O’ Sullivan, Monique Robinson, Wendy H. Oddy, John K. Olynyk

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Abdominal pain is a common reason for medical visits. We examined the prevalence, gastrointestinal, and emotional significance of abdominal pain in a population-based cohort serially followed up from birth to 17 years. Children and adolescents from Generation 2 of the Raine Study participated in comprehensive cross-sectional assessments at ages 2, 5, 8, 10, 14 and 17 years. At 17 years, medical history, general health, gastrointestinal symptoms, medications, health practitioner attendance, and self-rated unhappiness were recorded. Longitudinal data regarding abdominal pain or unhappiness, from serial questionnaires, were analysed to identify factors associated with abdominal pain and adverse emotional health at age …


Using A Respectful Approach To Child-Centred Healthcare (Reach) In A Paediatric Clinical Trial: A Feasibility Study, Analise Nicholl, Kate Evelegh, Kane Evan Deering, Kate Russell, David Lawrence, Philippa Lyons-Wall, Therese O'Sullivan Jan 2020

Using A Respectful Approach To Child-Centred Healthcare (Reach) In A Paediatric Clinical Trial: A Feasibility Study, Analise Nicholl, Kate Evelegh, Kane Evan Deering, Kate Russell, David Lawrence, Philippa Lyons-Wall, Therese O'Sullivan

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Background

There is a growing momentum in paediatric ethics to develop respectful research and healthcare protocols. We developed, tested and refined our ‘Respectful Approach to Child-centred Healthcare’ (ReACH), to underpin respectful participant interactions in a clinical trial.

Objective

To determine whether a ReACH-based approach is acceptable to children and parents, and effective in obtaining compliance with common healthcare assessments in a clinical trial of healthy 4-6-year-old children.

Methods

ReACH-based child assessments were evaluated at two baseline clinics and one post-intervention, using mixed methods. Children (n = 49; 46.9% female; mean age = 5.24±0.88 years at baseline) and their parents provided …


Characterizing The Composition Of The Pediatric Gut Microbiome: A Systematic Review, Kane E. Deering, Amanda Devine, Therese A. O’Sullivan, Johnny Lo, Mary C. Boyce, Claus T. Christophersen Jan 2020

Characterizing The Composition Of The Pediatric Gut Microbiome: A Systematic Review, Kane E. Deering, Amanda Devine, Therese A. O’Sullivan, Johnny Lo, Mary C. Boyce, Claus T. Christophersen

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

The consortium of trillions of microorganisms that live inside the human gut are integral to health. Little has been done to collate and characterize the microbiome of children. A systematic review was undertaken to address this gap (PROSPERO ID: CRD42018109599). MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched using the keywords: “healthy preadolescent children” and “gut microbiome” to 31 August 2018. Of the 815 journal articles, 42 met the inclusion criteria. The primary outcome was the relative abundance of bacteria at the phylum, family, and genus taxonomic ranks. α-diversity, short chain fatty acid concentrations, diet, 16S rRNA sequencing region, and geographical location were …


Skin Temperatures Of Back Or Neck Are Better Than Abdomen For Indication Of Average Proximal Skin Temperature During Sleep Of School-Aged Children, Veronique Bach, Chris R. Abbiss, Jean-Pierre Libert, Susan M. Mccabe Jan 2020

Skin Temperatures Of Back Or Neck Are Better Than Abdomen For Indication Of Average Proximal Skin Temperature During Sleep Of School-Aged Children, Veronique Bach, Chris R. Abbiss, Jean-Pierre Libert, Susan M. Mccabe

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Purpose: The tight association between sleep, body temperature regulation, and patterns of skin temperature change highlights the necessity for accurate and valid assessment of skin temperatures during sleep. With increased interest in this functional relationship in infants and children, it is important to identify where to best measure proximal skin temperature and whether it is possible to reduce the number of sites of measures, in order to limit the experimental effects in natural settings. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the most suitable single skin temperature sites for representation of average proximal skin temperature during sleep of …


Whole-Fat Or Reduced-Fat Dairy Product Intake, Adiposity, And Cardiometabolic Health In Children: A Systematic Review, Therese O'Sullivan, Kelsey A. Schmidt, Mario Kratz Jan 2020

Whole-Fat Or Reduced-Fat Dairy Product Intake, Adiposity, And Cardiometabolic Health In Children: A Systematic Review, Therese O'Sullivan, Kelsey A. Schmidt, Mario Kratz

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Dietary guidelines commonly recommend that children aged >2 y consume reduced-fat dairy products rather than regular- or whole-fat dairy. In adults, most studies have not found the consumption of whole-fat dairy products to be associated with increased cardiometabolic or adiposity risk. Associations in children could differ due to growth and development. We systematically reviewed the literature in indexed, peer-reviewed journals to summarize pediatric studies (children aged from 2 to 18 y) assessing associations between whole- and reduced-fat dairy intake and measures of adiposity as well as biomarkers of cardiometabolic disease risk, including the serum lipid profile, blood pressure, low-grade chronic …


Experiences Of Parents Who Give Pharmacological Treatment To Children With Functional Constipation At Home, Gunilla Flankegård, Evalotte Mörelius, Karel Duchen, Patrik Rytterström Jan 2020

Experiences Of Parents Who Give Pharmacological Treatment To Children With Functional Constipation At Home, Gunilla Flankegård, Evalotte Mörelius, Karel Duchen, Patrik Rytterström

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

© 2020 The Authors. Journal of Advanced Nursing published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd Aim: The aim was to explore the lived experiences of parents who give oral and rectal pharmacological treatment to their children with functional constipation at home. Design: A phenomenological design with a reflective lifeworld research approach that describes phenomena as they are experienced by individuals. Methods: From January–May 2019, 15 interviews were conducted with parents of children with functional constipation with home-based oral and rectal treatment. Parents were recruited from three different healthcare levels. Open-ended questions were used starting from the description of a normal …


Summary Of Respiratory Diseases Among Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander Children, Australian Indigenous Healthinfonet Jan 2020

Summary Of Respiratory Diseases Among Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander Children, Australian Indigenous Healthinfonet

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

The Summary of respiratory diseases among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children is a plain language publication that provides summarised and updated information from the Review of respiratory diseases among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children published by the Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet in 2018. The Summaryis useful for health workers and those studying in the field as a quick source of information about respiratory diseases among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children. It focuses on:

  • factors contributing to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children's respiratory diseases
  • how common acute and chronic respiratory diseases are
  • prevention and management of …


A Study Of The Food Environment At Australian Family Day Care, Ruth Wallace, Brennen Mills Jan 2019

A Study Of The Food Environment At Australian Family Day Care, Ruth Wallace, Brennen Mills

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Overweight and obesity in childhood is a significant public health issue. Family day care (FDC) offers a setting where good eating habits can be nurtured in young children, yet often the food environment is unhealthy. This study aims to determine FDC educators’ knowledge and confidence about nutrition and the barriers and enablers to supporting healthy food environments. Australian FDC educators were recruited to a mixed methods study using self-administered e-surveys and qualitative in-depth interviews. The survey data (n = 188) revealed good knowledge about sugary foods, but poor knowledge of protein-rich foods. Nutrition knowledge was not associated with confidence …


The 12-Year Prevalence And Trends Of Childhood Disabilities In Australia: Findings From The Survey Of Disability, Aging And Carers, Diana Arabiat, Lisa Whitehead, Mohammad Al Jabery Jan 2018

The 12-Year Prevalence And Trends Of Childhood Disabilities In Australia: Findings From The Survey Of Disability, Aging And Carers, Diana Arabiat, Lisa Whitehead, Mohammad Al Jabery

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Aim:

This paper contributes to knowledge on the prevalence and nature of disabilities in Australian children over a 12‐year period (2003–2015). Understanding the current state of childhood disability is imperative for predicting future needs for long‐term care and early intervention services for this population.

Methods:

We used data on children 0–14 years from the 2003, 2009, 2012, and 2015 survey of Disability, Aging and Carers, which is an ongoing national survey covering both rural and urban areas of all States and Territories of Australia.

Results:

Using the test for trends in population, no significant increases were noted in the prevalence …


Over-Provision Of Discretionary Foods At Childcare Dilutes The Nutritional Quality Of Diets For Children, Ruth M. Wallace, Leesa N. Costello, Amanda Devine Jan 2017

Over-Provision Of Discretionary Foods At Childcare Dilutes The Nutritional Quality Of Diets For Children, Ruth M. Wallace, Leesa N. Costello, Amanda Devine

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

The childcare setting can significantly influence the lifelong eating habits and health outcomes of children.It is ideal for health-promoting interventions that optimise the provision of nutritious food and nutrition education. Unfortunately, these interventions are neither offered nor promoted in many childcare settings. Recent studies have indicated an increased risk of overweight/obesity with childcare attendance, which if present in early life is associated with increased risk of chronic disease and reduced psychological wellbeing.


Impact Of Family-Friendly Prison Policies On Health, Justice And Child Protection Outcomes For Incarcerated Mothers And Their Dependent Children: A Cohort Study Protocol, Helen Myers, Leonie Segal, Derek Lopez, Ian W. Li, David B. Preen Jan 2017

Impact Of Family-Friendly Prison Policies On Health, Justice And Child Protection Outcomes For Incarcerated Mothers And Their Dependent Children: A Cohort Study Protocol, Helen Myers, Leonie Segal, Derek Lopez, Ian W. Li, David B. Preen

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Introduction

Female imprisonment has numerous health and social sequelae for both women prisoners and their children. Examples of comprehensive family-friendly prison policies that seek to improve the health and social functioning of women prisoners and their children exist but have not been evaluated. This study will determine the impact of exposure to a family-friendly prison environment on health, child protection and justice outcomes for incarcerated mothers and their dependent children.

Methods and analysis

A longitudinal retrospective cohort design will be used to compare outcomes for mothers incarcerated at Boronia Pre-release Centre, a women’s prison with a dedicated family-friendly environment, and …


An Investigation Of Service Providers' Understanding, Perspectives And Implementations Of The Transdisciplinary Model In Early Intervention Settings For Children With Disabilities, Eimear Fitzmaurice,, Janet E. Richmond, Matthew Wittorf Jan 2017

An Investigation Of Service Providers' Understanding, Perspectives And Implementations Of The Transdisciplinary Model In Early Intervention Settings For Children With Disabilities, Eimear Fitzmaurice,, Janet E. Richmond, Matthew Wittorf

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Purpose

The transdisciplinary practice model is currently being promoted as best practice in early intervention therapy for children with disabilities. However, supporting literature is limited. Thus, the question is asked, “What are service providers' understanding and perception of the transdisciplinary model in early intervention settings for children with disabilities?”

Method

A systematic review was carried out using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews. An electronic search was conducted via six databases. Eight articles were selected

Results

Four studies predominantly focused on service providers’ perspectives of the model using semi-structured interviews or surveys. Many studies were of adequate to low …


Spatiotemporal Pattern Analysis Of Scarlet Fever Incidence In Beijing, China, 2005–2014, Gehendra Mahara, Chao Wang, Da Huo, Qin Xu, Fangfang Huang, Lixin Tao, Jin Guo, Kai Cao, Liu Long, Jagadish K. Chhetri, Qi Gao, Wei Wang, Quanyi Wang, Xiuhua Guo Jan 2016

Spatiotemporal Pattern Analysis Of Scarlet Fever Incidence In Beijing, China, 2005–2014, Gehendra Mahara, Chao Wang, Da Huo, Qin Xu, Fangfang Huang, Lixin Tao, Jin Guo, Kai Cao, Liu Long, Jagadish K. Chhetri, Qi Gao, Wei Wang, Quanyi Wang, Xiuhua Guo

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Objective:

To probe the spatiotemporal patterns of the incidence of scarlet fever in Beijing, China, from 2005 to 2014.

Methods:

A spatiotemporal analysis was conducted at the district/county level in the Beijing region based on the reported cases of scarlet fever during the study period. Moran’s autocorrelation coefficient was used to examine the spatial autocorrelation of scarlet fever, whereas the Getis-Ord Gi* statistic was used to determine the hotspot incidence of scarlet fever. Likewise, the space-time scan statistic was used to detect the space-time clusters, including the relative risk of scarlet fever incidence across all settings.

Results:

A total of …


Relationships Between Lower-Body Muscle Structure And, Lower-Body Strength, Explosiveness And Eccentric Leg Stiffness In Adolescent Athletes, Josh L. Secombe, Sophia Nimphius, Oliver R. Farley, Lina Lundgren, Tai T. Tran, Jeremy M. Sheppard Jan 2015

Relationships Between Lower-Body Muscle Structure And, Lower-Body Strength, Explosiveness And Eccentric Leg Stiffness In Adolescent Athletes, Josh L. Secombe, Sophia Nimphius, Oliver R. Farley, Lina Lundgren, Tai T. Tran, Jeremy M. Sheppard

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

The purpose of the present study was to determine whether any relationships were present between lower-body muscle structure and, lower-body strength, variables measured during a counter-movement jump (CMJ) and squat jump (SJ), and eccentric leg stiffness, in adolescent athletes. Thirty junior male (n = 23) and female (n = 7) surfing athletes (14.8 ± 1.7 y; 1.63 ± 0.09 m; 54.8 ± 12.1 kg) undertook lower-body muscle structure assessment with ultrasonography and performed a; CMJ, SJ and an isomet-ric mid-thigh pull (IMTP). In addition, eccentric leg stiffness was calculated from variables of the CMJ and IMTP. Moderate to very large …


Developing Bilateral And Spatial Concepts In Primary School-Aged Children: An Empirical Evaluation Of The Anker Bilateral Spatial System, Janet Richmond Dr, M Taylor Dr, S Evans Jan 2014

Developing Bilateral And Spatial Concepts In Primary School-Aged Children: An Empirical Evaluation Of The Anker Bilateral Spatial System, Janet Richmond Dr, M Taylor Dr, S Evans

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Background: Visual-spatial and visual-motor perceptual difficulties contribute to school-aged learning problems. Hence, a need exists to address children’s visual-spatial and visual-motor perceptual difficulties as early as possible in the child’s school career. Thus, this study reports on the evaluation of the Anker Bilateral Spatial System’s (ABSS) effectiveness in remediating primary school children’s perceptual difficulties.

Method: Thirty-one children (17 boys and 14 girls) aged 6 to 12 years who had been identified by their classroom teacher as having observable visual-spatial and visual-motor perceptual difficulties participated in a 10-week pre/posttest intervention study. The study’s pre/posttest assessments included the Developmental Test of Visual-Motor …