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Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Alzheimer's disease

Diseases

Publication Year

Articles 1 - 10 of 10

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Plasma Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein Is Elevated In Cognitively Normal Older Adults At Risk Of Alzheimer’S Disease, Pratishtha Chatterjee, Steve Pedrini, Erik Stoops, Kathryn Goozee, Victor L. Villemagne, Prita R. Asih, Inge M. W. Verberk, Preeti Dave, Kevin Taddei, Hamid R. Sohrabi, Henrik Zetterberg, Kaj Blennow, Charlotte E. Teunissen, Hugo M. Vanderstichele, Ralph N. Martins Jan 2021

Plasma Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein Is Elevated In Cognitively Normal Older Adults At Risk Of Alzheimer’S Disease, Pratishtha Chatterjee, Steve Pedrini, Erik Stoops, Kathryn Goozee, Victor L. Villemagne, Prita R. Asih, Inge M. W. Verberk, Preeti Dave, Kevin Taddei, Hamid R. Sohrabi, Henrik Zetterberg, Kaj Blennow, Charlotte E. Teunissen, Hugo M. Vanderstichele, Ralph N. Martins

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

© 2021, The Author(s). Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), an astrocytic cytoskeletal protein, can be measured in blood samples, and has been associated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, plasma GFAP has not been investigated in cognitively normal older adults at risk of AD, based on brain amyloid-β (Aβ) load. Cross-sectional analyses were carried out for plasma GFAP and plasma Aβ1–42/Aβ1–40 ratio, a blood-based marker associated with brain Aβ load, in participants (65–90 years) categorised into low (Aβ−, n = 63) and high (Aβ+, n = 33) brain Aβ load groups via Aβ positron emission tomography. Plasma GFAP, Aβ1–42, and Aβ1–40 …


Asymmetric Thinning Of The Cerebral Cortex Across The Adult Lifespan Is Accelerated In Alzheimer’S Disease, James M. Roe, Didac Vidal-Piñeiro, Øystein Sørensen, Andreas M. Brandmaier, Sandra Düzel, Hector A. Gonzalez, Rogier A. Kievit, Ethan Knights, Simone Kühn, Ulman Lindenberger, Athanasia M. Mowinckel, Lars Nyberg, Denise C. Park, Sara Pudas, Melissa M. Rundle, Kristine B. Walhovd, Anders M. Fjell, René Westerhausen, Colin L. Masters, Ashley I. Bush, Christopher Fowler, David Darby, Kelly Pertile, Carolina Restrepo, Blaine Roberts, Jo Robertson, Rebecca Rumble Jan 2021

Asymmetric Thinning Of The Cerebral Cortex Across The Adult Lifespan Is Accelerated In Alzheimer’S Disease, James M. Roe, Didac Vidal-Piñeiro, Øystein Sørensen, Andreas M. Brandmaier, Sandra Düzel, Hector A. Gonzalez, Rogier A. Kievit, Ethan Knights, Simone Kühn, Ulman Lindenberger, Athanasia M. Mowinckel, Lars Nyberg, Denise C. Park, Sara Pudas, Melissa M. Rundle, Kristine B. Walhovd, Anders M. Fjell, René Westerhausen, Colin L. Masters, Ashley I. Bush, Christopher Fowler, David Darby, Kelly Pertile, Carolina Restrepo, Blaine Roberts, Jo Robertson, Rebecca Rumble

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

© 2021, The Author(s). Aging and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are associated with progressive brain disorganization. Although structural asymmetry is an organizing feature of the cerebral cortex it is unknown whether continuous age- and AD-related cortical degradation alters cortical asymmetry. Here, in multiple longitudinal adult lifespan cohorts we show that higher-order cortical regions exhibiting pronounced asymmetry at age ~20 also show progressive asymmetry-loss across the adult lifespan. Hence, accelerated thinning of the (previously) thicker homotopic hemisphere is a feature of aging. This organizational principle showed high consistency across cohorts in the Lifebrain consortium, and both the topological patterns and temporal dynamics …


Fifteen Years Of The Australian Imaging, Biomarkers And Lifestyle (Aibl) Study: Progress And Observations From 2,359 Older Adults Spanning The Spectrum From Cognitive Normality To Alzheimer's Disease, Christopher Fowler, Stephanie R. Rainey-Smith, Sabine Bird, Julia Bomke, Pierrick Bourgeat, Belinda M. Brown, Samantha C. Burnham, Ashley I. Bush, Carolyn Chadunow, Steven Collins, James Doecke, Vincent Doré, Kathryn A. Ellis, Lis Evered, Amir Fazlollahi, Jurgen Fripp, Samantha L. Gardener, Simon Gibson, Robert Grenfell, Elise Harrison, Richard Head, Liang Jin, Adrian Kamer, Fiona Lamb, Nicola T. Lautenschlager, Simon M. Laws, Qiao-Xin Li, Lucy Lim, Yen Ying Lim, Andrea Louey, S. Lance Macaulay, Lucy Mackintosh, Ralph N. Martins, Paul Maruff, Colin L. Masters, Simon Mcbride, Lidija Milicica, Madeline Peretti, Kelly Pertile, Tenielle Porter, Morgan Radler, Alan Rembach, Joanne Robertson, Mark Rodrigues, Christopher C. Rowe, Rebecca Rumble, Olivier Salvado, Greg Savage, Brendan Silbert, Magdalene Soh, Hamid R. Sohrabi, Kevin Taddei, Tania Taddei, Christine Thai, Brett Trounson, Regan Tyrrell, Michael Vacher, Shiji Varghese, Victor L. Villemagne, Michael Weinborn, Michael Woodward, Ying Xia, David Ames, Aibl Investigators Jan 2021

Fifteen Years Of The Australian Imaging, Biomarkers And Lifestyle (Aibl) Study: Progress And Observations From 2,359 Older Adults Spanning The Spectrum From Cognitive Normality To Alzheimer's Disease, Christopher Fowler, Stephanie R. Rainey-Smith, Sabine Bird, Julia Bomke, Pierrick Bourgeat, Belinda M. Brown, Samantha C. Burnham, Ashley I. Bush, Carolyn Chadunow, Steven Collins, James Doecke, Vincent Doré, Kathryn A. Ellis, Lis Evered, Amir Fazlollahi, Jurgen Fripp, Samantha L. Gardener, Simon Gibson, Robert Grenfell, Elise Harrison, Richard Head, Liang Jin, Adrian Kamer, Fiona Lamb, Nicola T. Lautenschlager, Simon M. Laws, Qiao-Xin Li, Lucy Lim, Yen Ying Lim, Andrea Louey, S. Lance Macaulay, Lucy Mackintosh, Ralph N. Martins, Paul Maruff, Colin L. Masters, Simon Mcbride, Lidija Milicica, Madeline Peretti, Kelly Pertile, Tenielle Porter, Morgan Radler, Alan Rembach, Joanne Robertson, Mark Rodrigues, Christopher C. Rowe, Rebecca Rumble, Olivier Salvado, Greg Savage, Brendan Silbert, Magdalene Soh, Hamid R. Sohrabi, Kevin Taddei, Tania Taddei, Christine Thai, Brett Trounson, Regan Tyrrell, Michael Vacher, Shiji Varghese, Victor L. Villemagne, Michael Weinborn, Michael Woodward, Ying Xia, David Ames, Aibl Investigators

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Background: The Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle (AIBL) Study commenced in 2006 as a prospective study of 1,112 individuals (768 cognitively normal (CN), 133 with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and 211 with Alzheimer's disease dementia (AD)) as an 'Inception cohort' who underwent detailed ssessments every 18 months. Over the past decade, an additional 1247 subjects have been added as an 'Enrichment cohort' (as of 10 April 2019). Objective: Here we provide an overview of these Inception and Enrichment cohorts of more than 8,500 person-years of investigation. Methods: Participants underwent reassessment every 18 months including comprehensive cognitive testing, neuroimaging (magnetic resonance …


Potential Of Sorghum Polyphenols To Prevent And Treat Alzheimer's Disease: A Review Article, Nasim Rezaee, Warnakulasuriya Mary Ann Dipika Fernando, Eugene Hone, Hamid R. Sohrabi, Stuart K. Johnson, Stuart Gunzburg, Ralph Martins Jan 2021

Potential Of Sorghum Polyphenols To Prevent And Treat Alzheimer's Disease: A Review Article, Nasim Rezaee, Warnakulasuriya Mary Ann Dipika Fernando, Eugene Hone, Hamid R. Sohrabi, Stuart K. Johnson, Stuart Gunzburg, Ralph Martins

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is characterized by the excessive deposition of extracellular amyloid-beta peptide (Aβ) and the build-up of intracellular neurofibrillary tangles containing hyperphosphorylated tau proteins. This leads to neuronal damage, cell death and consequently results in memory and learning impairments leading to dementia. Although the exact cause of AD is not yet clear, numerous studies indicate that oxidative stress, inflammation, and mitochondrial dysfunction significantly contribute to its onset and progression. There is no effective therapeutic approach to stop the progression of AD and its associated symptoms. Thus, early intervention, preferably, pre-clinically when the brain is not significantly affected, is a …


Flavonoid Intake And Incident Dementia In The Danish Diet, Cancer, And Health Cohort, Catherine P. Bondonno, Nicola P. Bondonno, Frederik Dalgaard, Kevin Murray, Samantha L. Gardener, Ralph N. Martins, Stephanie R. Rainey-Smith, Aedín Cassidy, Joshua R. Lewis, Kevin D. Croft, Cecilie Kyrø, Gunnar Gislason, Augustin Scalbert, Anne Tjønneland, Kim Overvad, Jonathan M. Hodgson Jan 2021

Flavonoid Intake And Incident Dementia In The Danish Diet, Cancer, And Health Cohort, Catherine P. Bondonno, Nicola P. Bondonno, Frederik Dalgaard, Kevin Murray, Samantha L. Gardener, Ralph N. Martins, Stephanie R. Rainey-Smith, Aedín Cassidy, Joshua R. Lewis, Kevin D. Croft, Cecilie Kyrø, Gunnar Gislason, Augustin Scalbert, Anne Tjønneland, Kim Overvad, Jonathan M. Hodgson

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Goji Berry On The Formation Of Extracellular Senile Plaques Of Alzheimer's Disease, Warnakulasuriya M. A. D. B. Fernando, Ke Dong, Rosalie Durham, Regine Stockmann, Vijay Jayasena Jan 2021

Effect Of Goji Berry On The Formation Of Extracellular Senile Plaques Of Alzheimer's Disease, Warnakulasuriya M. A. D. B. Fernando, Ke Dong, Rosalie Durham, Regine Stockmann, Vijay Jayasena

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disease and a major source of morbidity and mortality. Currently, no therapy nor drug can cure or modify AD progression, but recent studies suggest that nutritional compounds in certain foods can delay or prevent the onset of AD. Diets with high antioxidants is one of the examples which is believed to influence AD pathogenesis through direct effect on amyloid beta levels. Compared to other fruits and vegetables, goji berry (GB) has high levels of polyphenolic substances with antioxidant activities which have shown some positive effects on cognitive function while its mechanism …


Concordant Peripheral Lipidome Signatures In Two Large Clinical Studies Of Alzheimer’S Disease, Kevin Huynh, Wei Ling Florence Lim, Corey Giles, Kaushala S. Jayawardana, Agus Salim, Natalie A. Mellett, Adam Alexander T. Smith, Gavriel Olshansky, Brian G. Drew, Pratishtha Chatterjee, Ian Martins, Simon M. Laws, Ashley I. Bush, Christopher C. Rowe, Victor L. Villemagne, David Ames, Colin L. Masters, Matthias Arnold, Kwangsik Nho, Andrew J. Saykin, Rebecca Baillie, Xianlin Han, Rima Kaddurah-Daouk, Ralph N. Martins, Peter J. Meikle Jan 2020

Concordant Peripheral Lipidome Signatures In Two Large Clinical Studies Of Alzheimer’S Disease, Kevin Huynh, Wei Ling Florence Lim, Corey Giles, Kaushala S. Jayawardana, Agus Salim, Natalie A. Mellett, Adam Alexander T. Smith, Gavriel Olshansky, Brian G. Drew, Pratishtha Chatterjee, Ian Martins, Simon M. Laws, Ashley I. Bush, Christopher C. Rowe, Victor L. Villemagne, David Ames, Colin L. Masters, Matthias Arnold, Kwangsik Nho, Andrew J. Saykin, Rebecca Baillie, Xianlin Han, Rima Kaddurah-Daouk, Ralph N. Martins, Peter J. Meikle

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

© 2020, The Author(s). Changes to lipid metabolism are tightly associated with the onset and pathology of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Lipids are complex molecules comprising many isomeric and isobaric species, necessitating detailed analysis to enable interpretation of biological significance. Our expanded targeted lipidomics platform (569 species across 32 classes) allows for detailed lipid separation and characterisation. In this study we examined peripheral samples of two cohorts (AIBL, n = 1112 and ADNI, n = 800). We are able to identify concordant peripheral signatures associated with prevalent AD arising from lipid pathways including; ether lipids, sphingolipids (notably GM3 gangliosides) and lipid …


Evaluation Of Cholinergic Deficiency In Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease Using Pupillometry, Shaun Frost, Liam Robinson, Christopher C. Rowe, David Ames, Colin L. Masters, Kevin Taddei, Stephanie Rainey-Smith, Ralph Martins, Yogesan Kanagasingam Aug 2017

Evaluation Of Cholinergic Deficiency In Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease Using Pupillometry, Shaun Frost, Liam Robinson, Christopher C. Rowe, David Ames, Colin L. Masters, Kevin Taddei, Stephanie Rainey-Smith, Ralph Martins, Yogesan Kanagasingam

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Cortical cholinergic deficiency is prominent in Alzheimer’s disease (AD), and published findings of diminished pupil flash response in AD suggest that this deficiency may extend to the visual cortical areas and anterior eye. Pupillometry is a low-cost, noninvasive technique that may be useful for monitoring cholinergic deficits which generally lead to memory and cognitive disorders. The aim of the study was to evaluate pupillometry for early detection of AD by comparing the pupil flash response (PFR) in AD (N=14) and cognitively normal healthy control (HC, N=115) participants, with the HC group stratified according to high (N=38) and low (N=77) neocortical …


Caffeine Consumption With Relevance To Type 3 Diabetes And Accelerated Brain Aging, I. J. Martins Jan 2017

Caffeine Consumption With Relevance To Type 3 Diabetes And Accelerated Brain Aging, I. J. Martins

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Major interests in caffeine consumption has increased with the alarming increase in the global NAFLD epidemic relevant to increased transport of caffeine to the brain with the induction of Type 3 diabetes. Specific nutritional diets are essential to maintain hepatic caffeine metabolism to facilitate rapid Aβ clearance in the periphery and to maintain the effects of drugs such as statins to reduce toxic Aβ formation not only in Type 3 diabetes but to various neurological diseases. Anti-aging gene Sirt 1 is responsible for brain Aβ and caffeine metabolism and inactivation of Sirt 1 by unhealthy diets is now relevant to …


The Effects Of Latrepirdine On Amyloid-Β Aggregation And Toxicity, Tenielle Porter, Prashant Bharadwaj, David Groth, Adrian Paxman, Simon Laws, Ralph Martins, Guiseppe Verdile Jan 2016

The Effects Of Latrepirdine On Amyloid-Β Aggregation And Toxicity, Tenielle Porter, Prashant Bharadwaj, David Groth, Adrian Paxman, Simon Laws, Ralph Martins, Guiseppe Verdile

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Latrepirdine (DimebonTM) has been demonstrated to be a neuroprotective and cognition improving agent in neurodegenerative diseases that feature protein aggregation and deposition, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). The accumulation of amyloid-β (Aβ) protein aggregates is a key event in the neurodegenerative process in AD. This study explores if latrepirdine modulation of protein aggregation contributes to its neuroprotective mechanism of action. Assessment of neuronal cell death showed that there was a significant reduction in lactate dehydrogenase release at an equimolar ratio of Aβ:latrepirdine and with lower concentrations of latrepirdine. The ability of latrepirdine to alter the formation of Aβ42 aggregates was …