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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Clostridium Difficile In Asia: Opportunities For One Health Management, Deirdre A. Collins, Thomas V. Riley Dec 2018

Clostridium Difficile In Asia: Opportunities For One Health Management, Deirdre A. Collins, Thomas V. Riley

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Clostridium difficile is a ubiquitous spore-forming bacterium which causes toxin-mediated diarrhoea and colitis in people whose gut microflora has been depleted by antimicrobial use, so it is a predominantly healthcare-associated disease. However, there are many One Health implications to C. difficile, given high colonisation rates in food production animals, contamination of outdoor environments by use of contaminated animal manure, increasing incidence of community-associated C. difficile infection (CDI), and demonstration of clonal groups of C. difficile shared between human clinical cases and food animals. In Asia, the epidemiology of CDI is not well understood given poor testing practices in many countries. …


Prognostic Relevance Of Ccdc88c (Daple) Transcripts In The Peripheral Blood Of Patients With Cutaneous Melanoma, Ying Dunkel, Anna L. Reid, Jason Ear, Nicolas Aznar, Michael Millward, Elin Gray, Robert Pearce, Melanie Ziman, Pradipta Ghosh Dec 2018

Prognostic Relevance Of Ccdc88c (Daple) Transcripts In The Peripheral Blood Of Patients With Cutaneous Melanoma, Ying Dunkel, Anna L. Reid, Jason Ear, Nicolas Aznar, Michael Millward, Elin Gray, Robert Pearce, Melanie Ziman, Pradipta Ghosh

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

A loss of balance between G protein activation and deactivation has been implicated in the initiation of melanomas, and non-canonical Wnt signaling via the Wnt5A/Frizzled (FZD) pathway has been shown to be critical for the switch to an invasive phenotype. Daple [CCDC88C], a cytosolic guanine nucleotide exchange modulator (GEM) which enhances non-canonical Wnt5A/FZD signaling via activation of trimeric G protein, Gαi, has been shown to serve opposing roles-as an inducer of EMT and invasiveness and a potent tumor suppressor-via two isoforms, V1 (full-length) and V2 (short spliced isoform), respectively. Here we report that the relative abundance of these isoforms in …


Strategies And Challenges Associated With Recruiting Retirement Village Communities And Residents Into A Group Exercise Intervention, Rachel L. Duckham, Jamie L. Tait, Caryl A. Nowson, Kerrie M. Sanders, Dennis R. Taaffe, Keith D. Hill, Robin M. Daly Dec 2018

Strategies And Challenges Associated With Recruiting Retirement Village Communities And Residents Into A Group Exercise Intervention, Rachel L. Duckham, Jamie L. Tait, Caryl A. Nowson, Kerrie M. Sanders, Dennis R. Taaffe, Keith D. Hill, Robin M. Daly

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) provide the highest level of scientific evidence, but successful participant recruitment is critical to ensure the external and internal validity of results. This study describes the strategies associated with recruiting older adults at increased falls risk residing in retirement villages into an 18-month cluster RCT designed to evaluate the effects of a dual-task exercise program on falls and physical and cognitive function.

METHODS: Recruitment of adults aged ≥65 at increased falls risk residing within retirement villages (size 60-350 residents) was initially designed to occur over 12 months using two distinct cohorts (C). Recruitment occurred via …


The Current State Of Subjective Training Load Monitoring—A Practical Perspective And Call To Action, Joseph O. C. Coyne, G. Gregory Haff, Aaron J Coutts, Robert U. Newton, Sophia Nimphius Dec 2018

The Current State Of Subjective Training Load Monitoring—A Practical Perspective And Call To Action, Joseph O. C. Coyne, G. Gregory Haff, Aaron J Coutts, Robert U. Newton, Sophia Nimphius

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

This commentary delivers a practical perspective on the current state of subjective training load (TL) monitoring, and in particular sessional ratings of perceived exertion, for performance enhancement and injury prevention. Subjective measures may be able to reflect mental fatigue, effort, stress, and motivation. These factors appear to be important moderators of the relationship TL has with performance and injury, and they also seem to differ between open and closed skill sports. As such, mental factors may affect the interaction between TL, performance, and injury in different sports. Further, modeling these interactions may be limited due to the assumption that an …


Health-Services Utilisation Amongst Older Persons During The Last Year Of Life: A Population-Based Study, Danielle Ní Chróinín, David E. Goldsbury, Alexander Beveridge, Patricia M. Davidson, Afaf Girgis, Nicholas Ingham, Jane L. Phillips, Anne M. Wilkinson, Jane M. Ingham, Dianne L. O'Connell Dec 2018

Health-Services Utilisation Amongst Older Persons During The Last Year Of Life: A Population-Based Study, Danielle Ní Chróinín, David E. Goldsbury, Alexander Beveridge, Patricia M. Davidson, Afaf Girgis, Nicholas Ingham, Jane L. Phillips, Anne M. Wilkinson, Jane M. Ingham, Dianne L. O'Connell

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

BACKGROUND: Accurate population-based data regarding hospital-based care utilisation by older persons during their last year of life are important in health services planning. We investigated patterns of acute hospital-based service use at the end of life, amongst older decedents in New South Wales (NSW), Australia.

METHODS: Data from all persons aged ≥70 years who died in the state of NSW Australia in 2007 were included. Several measures of hospital-based service utilisation during the last year of life were assessed from retrospectively linked data comprising data for all registered deaths, cause of death, hospital care during the last year of life …


Mechanical Suppression Of Osteolytic Bone Metastases In Advanced Breast Cancer Patients: A Randomised Controlled Study Protocol Evaluating Safety, Feasibility And Preliminary Efficacy Of Exercise As A Targeted Medicine, Nicolas H. Hart, Daniel A. Galvão, Christobel Saunders, Dennis R. Taaffe, Kynan T. Feeney, Nigel A. Spry, Daphne Tsoi, Hilary Martin, Raphael Chee, Tim Clay, Andrew D. Redfern, Robert U. Newton Dec 2018

Mechanical Suppression Of Osteolytic Bone Metastases In Advanced Breast Cancer Patients: A Randomised Controlled Study Protocol Evaluating Safety, Feasibility And Preliminary Efficacy Of Exercise As A Targeted Medicine, Nicolas H. Hart, Daniel A. Galvão, Christobel Saunders, Dennis R. Taaffe, Kynan T. Feeney, Nigel A. Spry, Daphne Tsoi, Hilary Martin, Raphael Chee, Tim Clay, Andrew D. Redfern, Robert U. Newton

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

BACKGROUND: Skeletal metastases present a major challenge for clinicians, representing an advanced and typically incurable stage of cancer. Bone is also the most common location for metastatic breast carcinoma, with skeletal lesions identified in over 80% of patients with advanced breast cancer. Preclinical models have demonstrated the ability of mechanical stimulation to suppress tumour formation and promote skeletal preservation at bone sites with osteolytic lesions, generating modulatory interference of tumour-driven bone remodelling. Preclinical studies have also demonstrated anti-cancer effects through exercise by minimising tumour hypoxia, normalising tumour vasculature and increasing tumoural blood perfusion. This study proposes to explore the promising …


Clinical And Genetic Associations Of Renal Function And Diabetic Kidney Disease In The United Arab Emirates: A Cross-Sectional Study, Wael M. Osman, Herbert F. Jelinek, Guan K. Tay, Ahsan H. Khandoker, Kinda Khalaf, Wael Almahmeed, Mohamed H. Hassan, Habiba S. Alsafar Dec 2018

Clinical And Genetic Associations Of Renal Function And Diabetic Kidney Disease In The United Arab Emirates: A Cross-Sectional Study, Wael M. Osman, Herbert F. Jelinek, Guan K. Tay, Ahsan H. Khandoker, Kinda Khalaf, Wael Almahmeed, Mohamed H. Hassan, Habiba S. Alsafar

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

OBJECTIVES: Within the Emirati population, risk factors and genetic predisposition to diabetic kidney disease (DKD) have not yet been investigated. The aim of this research was to determine potential clinical, laboratory and reported genetic loci as risk factors for DKD.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Four hundred and ninety unrelated Emirati nationals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were recruited with and without DKD, and clinical and laboratory data were obtained. Following adjustments for possible confounders, a logistic regression model was developed to test the associations of 63 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 43 genetic loci with DKD (145 patients with …


Correction To: Hif Prolyl Hydroxylase Inhibition Protects Skeletal Muscle From Eccentric Contraction Induced Injury, Andrew N. Billin, Samuel E. Honeycutt, Alan V. Mcdougal, Jaclyn P. Kerr, Zhe Chen, Johannes M. Freudenberg, Deepak K. Rajpal, Guizhen Luo, Henning Fritz Kramer, Robert S. Geske, Frank Fang, Bert Yao, Richard V. Clark, John Lepore, Alex Cobitz, Ram Miller, Kazunori Nosaka, Aaron C. Hinken, Alan J. Russell Dec 2018

Correction To: Hif Prolyl Hydroxylase Inhibition Protects Skeletal Muscle From Eccentric Contraction Induced Injury, Andrew N. Billin, Samuel E. Honeycutt, Alan V. Mcdougal, Jaclyn P. Kerr, Zhe Chen, Johannes M. Freudenberg, Deepak K. Rajpal, Guizhen Luo, Henning Fritz Kramer, Robert S. Geske, Frank Fang, Bert Yao, Richard V. Clark, John Lepore, Alex Cobitz, Ram Miller, Kazunori Nosaka, Aaron C. Hinken, Alan J. Russell

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Following publication of the original article [1], the authors flagged that there is a discrepancy with the Availability of data and materials statement on page 12 of the article.


Association Of Dietary Nitrate Intake With The 15-Year Incidence Of Age-Related Macular Degeneration, Bamini Gopinath, Gerald Liew, Annette Kifley, Joshua R. Lewis, Catherine Bondonno, Nichole Joachim, Jonathan M. Hodgson, Paul Mitchell Dec 2018

Association Of Dietary Nitrate Intake With The 15-Year Incidence Of Age-Related Macular Degeneration, Bamini Gopinath, Gerald Liew, Annette Kifley, Joshua R. Lewis, Catherine Bondonno, Nichole Joachim, Jonathan M. Hodgson, Paul Mitchell

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Background

Dietary nitrate, found predominantly in green leafy vegetables and beetroot, is a precursor of nitric oxide. Under- or overproduction of nitric oxide is implicated in the etiology of several eye diseases. However, the potential influence of dietary nitrate intake on age-related macular degeneration (AMD) risk has not been assessed.

Objective

To investigate the temporal association between dietary nitrate intake (from both vegetable and nonvegetable sources) and the 15-year incidence of AMD, independent of potential confounders.

Design

A longitudinal cohort study conducted from 1992-1994 to 2007-2009.

Participants/setting

The Blue Mountains Eye Study is a population-based study of adults aged 49+ …


The Effect Of Altering Body Posture And Barbell Position On The Between-Session Reliability Of Force-Time Curve Characteristics In The Isometric Mid-Thigh Pull, Stuart N. Guppy, Claire J. Brady, Yosuke Kotani, Michael H. Stone, Nikola Medic, Guy Gregory Haff Nov 2018

The Effect Of Altering Body Posture And Barbell Position On The Between-Session Reliability Of Force-Time Curve Characteristics In The Isometric Mid-Thigh Pull, Stuart N. Guppy, Claire J. Brady, Yosuke Kotani, Michael H. Stone, Nikola Medic, Guy Gregory Haff

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Seventeen strength and power athletes (n = 11 males, 6 females; height: 177.5 ± 7.0 cm, 165.8 ± 11.4 cm; body mass: 90.0 ± 14.1 kg, 66.4 ± 13.9 kg; age: 30.6 ± 10.4 years, 30.8 ± 8.7 years), who regularly performed weightlifting movements during their resistance training programs, were recruited to examine the effect of altering body posture and barbell position on the between-session reliability of force-time characteristics generated in the isometric mid-thigh pull (IMTP). After participants were familiarised with the testing protocol, they undertook two testing sessions which were separated by seven days. In each session, the participants …


Effects Of Ambient Carbon Monoxide On Daily Hospitalizations For Cardiovascular Disease: A Time-Stratified Case-Crossover Study Of 460,938 Cases In Beijing, China From 2013 To 2017, Haibin Li, Jingwei Wu, Anxin Wang, Xia Li, Songxi Chen, Tianqi Wang, Endawoke Amsalu, Qi Gao, Yanxia Luo, Xinghua Yang, Wei Wang, Jin Guo, Yuming Guo, Xiuhua Guo Nov 2018

Effects Of Ambient Carbon Monoxide On Daily Hospitalizations For Cardiovascular Disease: A Time-Stratified Case-Crossover Study Of 460,938 Cases In Beijing, China From 2013 To 2017, Haibin Li, Jingwei Wu, Anxin Wang, Xia Li, Songxi Chen, Tianqi Wang, Endawoke Amsalu, Qi Gao, Yanxia Luo, Xinghua Yang, Wei Wang, Jin Guo, Yuming Guo, Xiuhua Guo

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

BACKGROUND: Evidence focused on exposure to ambient carbon monoxide (CO) and the risk of hospitalizations for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is lacking in developing countries. This study aimed to examine the effect of CO exposure on hospitalizations for CVD in Beijing, China.

METHODS: A total of 460,938 hospitalizations for cardiovascular diseases were obtained from electronic hospitalization summary reports from 2013 to 2017. A time-stratified case-crossover design was conducted to investigate the association between CO exposure and hospitalizations for total and cause-specific CVD, including coronary heart disease (CHD), atrial fibrillation (AF), and heart failure (HF). Stratified analysis was also conducted by age …


Effect Of A Repeated Sprint Ability Test On The Muscle Contractile Properties In Elite Futsal Players, Javier Sánchez-Sánchez, David Bishop, Jorge García-Unanue, Esther Ubago-Guisado, Enrique Hernando, Jorge López-Fernández, Enrique Colino, Leonor Gallardo Nov 2018

Effect Of A Repeated Sprint Ability Test On The Muscle Contractile Properties In Elite Futsal Players, Javier Sánchez-Sánchez, David Bishop, Jorge García-Unanue, Esther Ubago-Guisado, Enrique Hernando, Jorge López-Fernández, Enrique Colino, Leonor Gallardo

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a repeated sprint ability (RSA) test on the contractile properties of the muscles in elite futsal players. A total of 20 elite players completed the RSA test (7 × 30 m), and the contractile response from the rectus femoris (RF) and biceps femoris (BF) of both legs were analysed pre and post through tensiomyography. There was a significant increment in 30-m times from the third sprint onwards (p < 0.05). The percent decrement in sprint ability (RSA) with respect to the first sprint was significantly higher in the last sprint. The players did not show evidence of lateral asymmetry in any of the muscle groups analysed after the RSA test (p > 0.05). Following the RSA test there was a significant reduction in the delay time (Td) in RF, a significant decrement …


Hif Prolyl Hydroxylase Inhibition Protects Skeletal Muscle From Eccentric Contraction-Induced Injury, Andrew N Billin, Samuel E Honeycutt, Alan V Mcdougal, Jaclyn P Kerr, Zhe Chen, Johannes M Freudenberg, Deepak K Rajpal, Guizhen Luo, Henning Fritz Kramer, Robert S Geske, Frank Fang, Bert Yao, Richard V Clark, John Lepore, Alex Cobitz, Ram Miller, Kazunori Nosaka, Aaron C Hinken, Alan J Russell Nov 2018

Hif Prolyl Hydroxylase Inhibition Protects Skeletal Muscle From Eccentric Contraction-Induced Injury, Andrew N Billin, Samuel E Honeycutt, Alan V Mcdougal, Jaclyn P Kerr, Zhe Chen, Johannes M Freudenberg, Deepak K Rajpal, Guizhen Luo, Henning Fritz Kramer, Robert S Geske, Frank Fang, Bert Yao, Richard V Clark, John Lepore, Alex Cobitz, Ram Miller, Kazunori Nosaka, Aaron C Hinken, Alan J Russell

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

BACKGROUND: In muscular dystrophy and old age, skeletal muscle repair is compromised leading to fibrosis and fatty tissue accumulation. Therefore, therapies that protect skeletal muscle or enhance repair would be valuable medical treatments. Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) regulate gene transcription under conditions of low oxygen, and HIF target genes EPO and VEGF have been associated with muscle protection and repair. We tested the importance of HIF activation following skeletal muscle injury, in both a murine model and human volunteers, using prolyl hydroxylase inhibitors that stabilize and activate HIF.

METHODS: Using a mouse eccentric limb injury model, we characterized the protective effects …


Impact Of Biobanks On Research Outcomes In Rare Diseases: A Systematic Review, Monique Garcia, Jenny Downs, Alyce Russell, Wei Wang Nov 2018

Impact Of Biobanks On Research Outcomes In Rare Diseases: A Systematic Review, Monique Garcia, Jenny Downs, Alyce Russell, Wei Wang

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

BACKGROUND: Alleviating the burden of rare diseases requires research into new diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. We undertook a systematic review to identify and compare the impact of stand-alone registries, registries with biobanks, and rare disease biobanks on research outcomes in rare diseases.

METHODS: A systematic review and meta-aggregation was conducted using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (the PRISMA statement). English language publications were sourced from PubMed, Medline, Scopus, and Web of Science. Original research papers that reported clinical, epidemiological, basic or translational research findings derived from data contained in stand-alone registries, registries with biobanks, …


The Validity Of The Push Band 2.0 During Vertical Jump Performance, Jason P. Lake, Simon Augustus, Kieran Austin, Peter Mundy, John J. Mcmahon, Paul Comfort, Guy G. Haff Nov 2018

The Validity Of The Push Band 2.0 During Vertical Jump Performance, Jason P. Lake, Simon Augustus, Kieran Austin, Peter Mundy, John J. Mcmahon, Paul Comfort, Guy G. Haff

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

The Push Band has the potential to provide a cheap and practical method of measuring velocity and power during countermovement vertical jumping (CMJ). However, very little is known about whether it conforms to laboratory-based gold standards. The aim of this study was to assess the agreement between peak and mean velocity and power obtained from the belt-worn Push Band, and derived from three-dimensional motion capture, and vertical force from an in-ground force platform. Twenty-two volunteers performed 3 CMJ on a force platform, while a belt-worn Push Band and a motion capture system (a marker affixed to the Push Band) simultaneously …


Depression And Prostate Cancer: Examining Comorbidity And Male-Specific Symptoms, Simon M Rice, John L Oliffe, Mary T Kelly, Prue Cormie, Suzanne K. Chambers, John S Ogrodniczuk, David Kealy Nov 2018

Depression And Prostate Cancer: Examining Comorbidity And Male-Specific Symptoms, Simon M Rice, John L Oliffe, Mary T Kelly, Prue Cormie, Suzanne K. Chambers, John S Ogrodniczuk, David Kealy

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Depression in men with prostate cancer is a significant and complex issue that can challenge clinicians' diagnostic efforts. The objective of the current study was to evaluate prototypic and male-specific depression symptoms and suicidal ideation in men with a diagnosis of prostate cancer relative to those with and without comorbidity. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Male Depression Risk Scale-22 (MDRS-22) were completed online along with demographic and background variables by 100 men with a diagnosis of prostate cancer ( n = 54 prostatectomy, n = 33 receiving active treatment). Hierarchical logistic regression was used to examine recent (past 2 …


Mediterranean Diet Adherence And Rate Of Cerebral Aβ-Amyloid Accumulation: Data From The Australian Imaging, Biomarkers And Lifestyle Study Of Ageing, Stephanie Rainey-Smith, Yian Gu, Samantha Gardener, James D Doecke, Victor L Villemagne, Belinda M Brown, Kevin Taddei, Simon M Laws, Hamid R. Sohrabi, Michael Weinborn, David Ames, Christopher Fowler, S Lance Macaulay, Paul Maruff, Colin L Masters, Olivier Salvado, Christopher C Rowe, Nikolaos Scarmeas, Ralph N. Martins Oct 2018

Mediterranean Diet Adherence And Rate Of Cerebral Aβ-Amyloid Accumulation: Data From The Australian Imaging, Biomarkers And Lifestyle Study Of Ageing, Stephanie Rainey-Smith, Yian Gu, Samantha Gardener, James D Doecke, Victor L Villemagne, Belinda M Brown, Kevin Taddei, Simon M Laws, Hamid R. Sohrabi, Michael Weinborn, David Ames, Christopher Fowler, S Lance Macaulay, Paul Maruff, Colin L Masters, Olivier Salvado, Christopher C Rowe, Nikolaos Scarmeas, Ralph N. Martins

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Accumulating research has linked Mediterranean diet (MeDi) adherence with slower cognitive decline and reduced Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk. However, no study to-date has examined the relationship between MeDi adherence and accumulation of cerebral Aβ-amyloid (Aβ; a pathological hallmark of AD) in older adults. Cognitively normal healthy control participants of the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle (AIBL) Study of Ageing completed the Cancer Council of Victoria Food Frequency Questionnaire at baseline, which was used to construct a MeDi score for each participant (score range 0-9; higher score indicating higher adherence). Cerebral Aβ load was quantified by Pittsburgh Compound B positron emission …


Effect Of Natural Products On The Production And Activity Of Clostridium Difficile Toxins In Vitro, Niloufar Roshan, Thomas Riley, Daniel R Knight, Katherine A Hammer Oct 2018

Effect Of Natural Products On The Production And Activity Of Clostridium Difficile Toxins In Vitro, Niloufar Roshan, Thomas Riley, Daniel R Knight, Katherine A Hammer

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Clostridium difficile infection is a toxin-mediated disease of the colon. C. difficile virulence is primarily attributed to the production of toxin A and toxin B; thus this study was aimed to investigate the effect of a range of natural products on the production and activity of C. difficile toxins in vitro. Twenty-two natural products were investigated against four C. difficile strains. The activity of products against toxins was determined using Vero and HT-29 cells cytotoxicity and neutral red uptake assays. The indirect effect of products on toxin-mediated cytotoxicity was determined using the same cell lines. The effect of seven products …


Spatial And Temporal Clustering Analysis Of Tuberculosis In The Mainland Of China At The Prefecture Level, 2005-2015, Meng-Yang Liu, Qi-Huan Li, Ying-Jie Zhang, Yuan Ma, Yue Liu, Wei Feng, Cheng-Bei Hou, Endawoke Amsalu, Xia Li, Wei Wang, Wei-Min Li, Xiu-Hua Guo Oct 2018

Spatial And Temporal Clustering Analysis Of Tuberculosis In The Mainland Of China At The Prefecture Level, 2005-2015, Meng-Yang Liu, Qi-Huan Li, Ying-Jie Zhang, Yuan Ma, Yue Liu, Wei Feng, Cheng-Bei Hou, Endawoke Amsalu, Xia Li, Wei Wang, Wei-Min Li, Xiu-Hua Guo

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is still one of the most serious infectious diseases in the mainland of China. So it was urgent for the formulation of more effective measures to prevent and control it.

METHODS: The data of reported TB cases in 340 prefectures from the mainland of China were extracted from the China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention (CISDCP) during January 2005 to December 2015. The Kulldorff's retrospective space-time scan statistics was used to identify the temporal, spatial and spatio-temporal clusters of reported TB in the mainland of China by using the discrete Poisson probability model. Spatio-temporal clusters …


The Impact Of Stuttering On Development Of Self-Identity, Relationships, And Quality Of Life In Women Who Stutter, Charn Nang, Deborah J. Hersh, Katie Milton, Su Re Lau Oct 2018

The Impact Of Stuttering On Development Of Self-Identity, Relationships, And Quality Of Life In Women Who Stutter, Charn Nang, Deborah J. Hersh, Katie Milton, Su Re Lau

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Purpose: The experiences of women who stutter have been underresearched. Clinicians have little guidance from the research literature on issues specific to women who stutter and are likely to have less clinical contact with this group than with men who stutter because of the higher prevalence of stuttering in men. This study explored the experiences of a small group of women who stutter with a particular focus on what the main current issues are and how gender may have influenced experiences with stuttering.

Method: This qualitative study involved recruitment of 9 women who stutter (aged 35-80 years) through a support …


Protocol For A Gender-Sensitised Weight Loss And Healthy Living Programme For Overweight And Obese Men Delivered In Australian Football League Settings (Aussie-Fit): A Feasibility And Pilot Randomised Controlled Trial, Eleanor Quested, Dominika Kwasnicka, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Daniel F. Gucciardi, Deborah A. Kerr, Kate Hunt, Suzanne Robinson, Philip J. Morgan, Robert U. Newton, Cindy Gray, Sally Wyke, Joanne Mcveigh, Eva Malacova, Nikos Ntoumanis Oct 2018

Protocol For A Gender-Sensitised Weight Loss And Healthy Living Programme For Overweight And Obese Men Delivered In Australian Football League Settings (Aussie-Fit): A Feasibility And Pilot Randomised Controlled Trial, Eleanor Quested, Dominika Kwasnicka, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Daniel F. Gucciardi, Deborah A. Kerr, Kate Hunt, Suzanne Robinson, Philip J. Morgan, Robert U. Newton, Cindy Gray, Sally Wyke, Joanne Mcveigh, Eva Malacova, Nikos Ntoumanis

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

INTRODUCTION: Overweight and obesity are highly prevalent among Australian men. Professional sports settings can act as a powerful 'hook' to engage men in weight loss programmes; the Football Fans in Training programme delivered in professional UK soccer clubs was successful and cost-effective in helping men lose weight. The Australian Football League (AFL) is a potentially attractive setting to engage men in a weight loss programme. We aim to develop, pilot and evaluate the feasibility of a weight loss intervention for overweight/obese middle-aged men, delivered in AFL settings, to promote weight loss and healthier lifestyles and determine its suitability for a …


Computerised Dynamic Posturography In Premanifest And Manifest Individuals With Huntington's Disease, Alvaro Reyes, Danielle Salomonczyk, Wei-Peng Teo, Luis D Medina, Danielle Bartlett, Eva Pirogovsky-Turk, Pauline Zaenker, Jody Corey Bloom, Roger W Simmons, Mel R. Ziman, Paul E Gilbert, Travis Miles Cruickshank Oct 2018

Computerised Dynamic Posturography In Premanifest And Manifest Individuals With Huntington's Disease, Alvaro Reyes, Danielle Salomonczyk, Wei-Peng Teo, Luis D Medina, Danielle Bartlett, Eva Pirogovsky-Turk, Pauline Zaenker, Jody Corey Bloom, Roger W Simmons, Mel R. Ziman, Paul E Gilbert, Travis Miles Cruickshank

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Evidence from small-scale studies indicates that impairments in postural stability are an early and disabling feature of Huntington's disease (HD) and may be a useful clinical endpoint for disease modifying trials. Larger studies are needed to confirm these preliminary findings and the suitability of postural stability outcomes as clinical endpoints. Static and dynamic postural stability were evaluated in 54 premanifest HD, 36 manifest HD and 45 healthy individuals using the Sensory Organization Test (SOT) and Limits of Stability (LOS) test. Manifest HD displayed significantly lower scores on all SOT conditions and on the SOT composite score and had more falls …


Statistical Analysis Plan (Sap) For The Very Early Rehabilitation In Speech (Verse) After Stroke Trial: An International 3-Arm Clinical Trial To Determine The Effectiveness Of Early, Intensive, Prescribed, Direct Aphasia Therapy, Erin Godecke, Tapan Rai, Dominique A Cadilhac, Elizabeth Armstrong, Sandy Middleton, Natalie Ciccone, Anne Whitworth, Miranda L Rose, Audrey Holland, Fiona Ellery, Graeme J Hankey, Julie Bernhardt Oct 2018

Statistical Analysis Plan (Sap) For The Very Early Rehabilitation In Speech (Verse) After Stroke Trial: An International 3-Arm Clinical Trial To Determine The Effectiveness Of Early, Intensive, Prescribed, Direct Aphasia Therapy, Erin Godecke, Tapan Rai, Dominique A Cadilhac, Elizabeth Armstrong, Sandy Middleton, Natalie Ciccone, Anne Whitworth, Miranda L Rose, Audrey Holland, Fiona Ellery, Graeme J Hankey, Julie Bernhardt

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Background Limited evidence exists to support very early intensive aphasia rehabilitation after stroke. VERSE is a PROBE trial designed to determine whether two types of intensive aphasia therapy, beginning within 14 days of acute stroke, provide greater therapeutic and cost-effectiveness than usual care. Objective To publish the detailed statistical analysis plan for the VERSE trial prior to unblinding. This statistical analysis plan was based on the published and registered VERSE trial protocol and was developed by the blinded steering committee and management team, led by the trial statistician. This plan was developed using outcome measures and trial data collection forms. …


A Systematic Review Of The Experiences Of Vulnerable People Participating In Research On Sensitive Topics, Susan Alexander, Rona Pillay, Bronwyn Smith Sep 2018

A Systematic Review Of The Experiences Of Vulnerable People Participating In Research On Sensitive Topics, Susan Alexander, Rona Pillay, Bronwyn Smith

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this paper is to systematically review studies that discuss the experiences of vulnerable populations participating in research on sensitive topics.

DESIGN:

Systematic review performed according to PRISMA guidelines.

DATA SOURCES:

Thirteen databases were searched, locating 197 articles. Following removal of duplicates, screening and full text review, 31 studies remained to be critically appraised.

REVIEW METHODS:

As there was a mix of qualitative and quantitative articles, the Critical Appraisal Skills Program (CASP) toolkit and Effective Public Health Practice Project (EPHPP) tool were used to appraise the methodological quality of the articles. Following critical appraisal, the remaining 11 …


A Prospective Cohort Examination Of Haematological Parameters In Relation To Cancer Death And Incidence: The Busselton Health Study, Niwansa Adris, Anita Chai Geik Chua, Matthew William Knuiman, Mark Laurence Divitini, Debbie Trinder, John K. Olynyk Sep 2018

A Prospective Cohort Examination Of Haematological Parameters In Relation To Cancer Death And Incidence: The Busselton Health Study, Niwansa Adris, Anita Chai Geik Chua, Matthew William Knuiman, Mark Laurence Divitini, Debbie Trinder, John K. Olynyk

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

BACKGROUND: Cancer risk is associated with serum iron levels. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether haematological parameters reflect serum iron levels and may also be associated with cancer risk.

METHODS: We studied 1564 men and 1769 women who were enrolled in the Busselton Health Study, Western Australia. Haematological parameters evaluated included haemoglobin (Hb), mean cell volume (MCV), mean cell haemoglobin (MCH) and mean cell haemoglobin concentration (MCHC) and red cell distribution width (RCDW). Statistical analyses included t-tests for quantitative variables, chi-square tests for categorical variables and Cox proportional hazards regression modelling for cancer incidence and death.

RESULTS: …


The Association Between Subclass-Specific Igg Fc N-Glycosylation Profiles And Hypertension In The Uygur, Kazak, Kirgiz, And Tajik Populations, J. N. Liu, Mamatyusupu Dolikun, Jerko Štambuk, Irena Trbojević-Akmačić, J. Zhang, Hao Wang, D. Q. Zheng, X. Y. Zhang, H. L. Peng, Z. Y. Zhao, D. Liu, Yang Sun, Q. Sun, Q. H. Li, J. X. Zhang, Ming Sun, W. J. Cao, Ana Momčilović, Genadij Razdorov, L. J. Wu, Alyce Russell, Y. X. Wang, Song Manshu, Gordan Lauc, Wei Wang Sep 2018

The Association Between Subclass-Specific Igg Fc N-Glycosylation Profiles And Hypertension In The Uygur, Kazak, Kirgiz, And Tajik Populations, J. N. Liu, Mamatyusupu Dolikun, Jerko Štambuk, Irena Trbojević-Akmačić, J. Zhang, Hao Wang, D. Q. Zheng, X. Y. Zhang, H. L. Peng, Z. Y. Zhao, D. Liu, Yang Sun, Q. Sun, Q. H. Li, J. X. Zhang, Ming Sun, W. J. Cao, Ana Momčilović, Genadij Razdorov, L. J. Wu, Alyce Russell, Y. X. Wang, Song Manshu, Gordan Lauc, Wei Wang

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Hypertension results from the interaction of genetic and acquired factors. IgG occurs in the form of different subclasses, of which the effector functions show significant variation. The detailed differences between the glycosylation profiles of the individual IgG subclasses may be lost in a profiling method for total IgG N-glycosylation. In this study, subclass-specific IgG Fc glycosylation profile was investigated in the four northwestern Chinese minority populations, namely, Uygur (UIG), Kazak (KZK), Kirgiz (KGZ), and Tajik (TJK), composed of 274 hypertensive patients and 356 healthy controls. The results showed that ten directly measured IgG N-glycan traits (i.e., IgG1G0F, IgG2G0F, IgG2G1FN, IgG2G1FS, …


Keep Calm And Carry On: Parental Opinions On Improving Clinical Dietary Trials For Young Children, Analise Nicholl, Therese O'Sullivan Aug 2018

Keep Calm And Carry On: Parental Opinions On Improving Clinical Dietary Trials For Young Children, Analise Nicholl, Therese O'Sullivan

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Recruitment can be an issue for paediatric research. We aimed to investigate parental opinions of paediatric clinical assessments, and to combine findings with recent literature to inform the design of a clinical dietary trial. We used convenience sampling to recruit 17 parents of children aged 2⁻6 years from two community playgroups in Perth, Western Australia. Three focus groups considered proposed child assessments, study design, and potential study enrolment. Qualitative thematic analysis of focus group transcripts used NVivo 11 (QSR, Melbourne, VIC, Australia). Four main parental concerns emerged, presented here with solutions combining parent responses and relevant literature. (1) Parent and …


Characterisation Of The Structure And Oligomerisation Of Islet Amyloid Polypeptides (Iapp): A Review Of Molecular Dynamics Simulation Studies, Sandra J Moore, Krushna Sonar, Prashant Bharadwaj, Evelyne Deplazes, Ricardo L Mancera Aug 2018

Characterisation Of The Structure And Oligomerisation Of Islet Amyloid Polypeptides (Iapp): A Review Of Molecular Dynamics Simulation Studies, Sandra J Moore, Krushna Sonar, Prashant Bharadwaj, Evelyne Deplazes, Ricardo L Mancera

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) is a naturally occurring, intrinsically disordered protein whose abnormal aggregation into amyloid fibrils is a pathological feature in type 2 diabetes, and its cross-aggregation with amyloid beta has been linked to an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease. The soluble, oligomeric forms of hIAPP are the most toxic to β-cells in the pancreas. However, the structure of these oligomeric forms is difficult to characterise because of their intrinsic disorder and their tendency to rapidly aggregate into insoluble fibrils. Experimental studies of hIAPP have generally used non-physiological conditions to prevent aggregation, and they have been unable to …


Hepatitis B Vaccination Coverage Among Health-Care Workers In Africa: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Asa Auta, Emmanuel O. Adewuyi, Gbednet T. Kureh, Nguavese Onoviran, Davies Adeloye Aug 2018

Hepatitis B Vaccination Coverage Among Health-Care Workers In Africa: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Asa Auta, Emmanuel O. Adewuyi, Gbednet T. Kureh, Nguavese Onoviran, Davies Adeloye

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Objective To estimate full hepatitis B vaccination coverage (uptake of ≥ 3 doses of vaccine) among health-care workers (HCWs) in Africa. Methods We systematically searched the PubMed®, Embase®, CINAHL and Psych-Info databases for studies published from January 2010 to October 2017 that reported full hepatitis B vaccination coverage among HCWs in Africa. A random effects meta-analysis was conducted to determine pooled estimates of full vaccination coverage. Results Of the 331 articles identified, 35 studies from 15 African countries met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review. The estimated full hepatitis B vaccination coverage was 24.7% (95% CI: 17.3–32.0). …


Future Warming And Acidification Result In Multiple Ecological Impacts To A Temperate Coralline Alga, Megan J. Huggett, Kathryn Mcmahon, Rachele Bernasconi Aug 2018

Future Warming And Acidification Result In Multiple Ecological Impacts To A Temperate Coralline Alga, Megan J. Huggett, Kathryn Mcmahon, Rachele Bernasconi

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Coralline algae are a crucial component of reef systems, stabilising reef substrate, providing habitat and contributing to accretion. Coralline algae and their surface microbial biofilms are also important as settlement cues for marine invertebrates, yet few studies address the impact of future environmental conditions on interactions between coralline algae, reef microbes and settlement by larvae of marine invertebrates. We exposed the temperate coralline algal species Amphiroa gracilis to warming and/or acidification scenarios for 21 days. Algae became bleached but photosystem II function was not measurably impacted. Settlement by larvae of the sea urchin Heliocidaris erythrogramma was reduced and the structure …