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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Effects Of Preventative Ankle Taping On Planned Change-Of-Direction And Reactive Agility Performance And Ankle Muscle Activity In Basketballers, Matthew D. Jeffriess, Adrian B. Schultz, Tye S. Mcgann, Samuel J. Callaghan, Robert G. Lockie Nov 2015

Effects Of Preventative Ankle Taping On Planned Change-Of-Direction And Reactive Agility Performance And Ankle Muscle Activity In Basketballers, Matthew D. Jeffriess, Adrian B. Schultz, Tye S. Mcgann, Samuel J. Callaghan, Robert G. Lockie

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

This study investigated the effects of preventative ankle taping on planned change-of-direction and reactive agility performance and peak ankle muscle activity in basketballers. Twenty male basketballers (age = 22.30 ± 3.97 years; height = 1.84 ± 0.09 meters; body mass = 85.96 ± 11.88 kilograms) with no ankle pathologies attended two testing sessions. Within each session, subjects completed six planned and six reactive randomized trials (three to the left and three to the right for each condition) of the Y-shaped agility test, which was recorded by timing lights. In one session, subjects had both ankles un-taped. In the other, both …


Certain Actions From The Functional Movement Screen Do Not Provide An Indication Of Dynamic Stability, Robert G. Lockie, Samuel J. Callaghan, Corrin A. Jordan, Tawni M. Luczo, Matthwe D. Jeffriess, Farzad Jalilvand, Adrian B. Schultz Oct 2015

Certain Actions From The Functional Movement Screen Do Not Provide An Indication Of Dynamic Stability, Robert G. Lockie, Samuel J. Callaghan, Corrin A. Jordan, Tawni M. Luczo, Matthwe D. Jeffriess, Farzad Jalilvand, Adrian B. Schultz

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Dynamic stability is an essential physical component for team sport athletes. Certain Functional Movement Screen (FMS) exercises (deep squat; left- and right-leg hurdle step; left- and right-leg in-line lunge [ILL]; left- and right-leg active straight-leg raise; and trunk stability push-up [TSPU]) have been suggested as providing an indication of dynamic stability. No research has investigated relationships between these screens and an established test of dynamic stability such as the modified Star Excursion Balance Test (mSEBT), which measures lower-limb reach distance in posteromedial, medial, and anteromedial directions, in team sport athletes. Forty-one male and female team sport athletes completed the screens …


Changes In The Number Of Circulating Cd34+ Cells After Eccentric Exercise Of The Elbow Flexors In Relation To Muscle Damage, Ho Seong Lee, Makii Muthalib, Takayuki Akimoto, Kazunori Nosaka Sep 2015

Changes In The Number Of Circulating Cd34+ Cells After Eccentric Exercise Of The Elbow Flexors In Relation To Muscle Damage, Ho Seong Lee, Makii Muthalib, Takayuki Akimoto, Kazunori Nosaka

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Background: It has been reported that strenuous exercise increases the number of bone marrow-derived progenitor cells such as CD34+ cells in the blood, but no previous studies have investigated the changes in circulating CD34+ cells following resistance exercise. This study tested the hypothesis that the number of CD34+ cells in the blood would increase after eccentric exercise of the elbow flexors, but decrease in recovery, and the magnitude of the changes would be dependent on the magnitude of muscle damage.

Methods: Nine men (28.0 ± 6.6 years) performed exercises consisting of 10 sets of six maximal voluntary …


Eccentric Loading Increases Peak Torque Angle Of The Ankle Plantar Flexors In Healthy Volunteers, Matthew Wellisch, Peter Hamer, Luke Hopper, Max Bulsara, James Debenham Jan 2015

Eccentric Loading Increases Peak Torque Angle Of The Ankle Plantar Flexors In Healthy Volunteers, Matthew Wellisch, Peter Hamer, Luke Hopper, Max Bulsara, James Debenham

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Eccentric loading of the ankle plantar Flexor's (PF) has demonstrated clinical efficacy in the conservative treatment of Achilles tendinopathy, however, its mechanism of therapeutic benefit remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of PF eccentric loading on PF angle to peak torque (AtPT), peak torque (PT) and lower limb vertical stiffness. Thirty healthy volunteers were randomised to an eccentric (n=15) or concentric (n=13) exercise group. A 10-week loading programme of the ankle plantar flexors was completed. AtPT, PT and vertical stiffness were compared within and between groups before and after the interventions. AtPT increased in …


Relationships Between Lower-Body Muscle Structure And, Lower-Body Strength, Explosiveness And Eccentric Leg Stiffness In Adolescent Athletes, Josh Secomb, Sophia Nimphius, Oliver R. Farley, Lina Lundgren, Tai T. Tran, Jeremy M. Sheppard Jan 2015

Relationships Between Lower-Body Muscle Structure And, Lower-Body Strength, Explosiveness And Eccentric Leg Stiffness In Adolescent Athletes, Josh Secomb, Sophia Nimphius, Oliver R. Farley, Lina Lundgren, Tai T. Tran, Jeremy M. Sheppard

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

The purpose of the present study was to determine whether any relationships were present between lower-body muscle structure and, lower-body strength, variables measured during a counter-movement jump (CMJ) and squat jump (SJ), and eccentric leg stiffness, in adolescent athletes. Thirty junior male (n = 23) and female (n = 7) surfing athletes (14.8 ± 1.7 y; 1.63 ± 0.09 m; 54.8 ± 12.1 kg) undertook lower-body muscle structure assessment with ultrasonography and performed a; CMJ, SJ and an isomet-ric mid-thigh pull (IMTP). In addition, eccentric leg stiffness was calculated from variables of the CMJ and IMTP. Moderate to very large …


A Comparison Of Two Gluteus Maximus Emg Maximum Voluntary Isometric Contraction Positions, Bret Contreras, Andrew D. Vigotsky, Chris Beardsley, John B. Cronin Jan 2015

A Comparison Of Two Gluteus Maximus Emg Maximum Voluntary Isometric Contraction Positions, Bret Contreras, Andrew D. Vigotsky, Chris Beardsley, John B. Cronin

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Background. The purpose of this study was to compare the peak electromyography (EMG) of the most commonly-used position in the literature, the prone bent-leg (90°) hip extension against manual resistance applied to the distal thigh (PRONE), to a novel position, the standing glute squeeze (SQUEEZE). Methods. Surface EMG electrodes were placed on the upper and lower gluteus maximus of thirteen recreationally active females (age = 28.9 years; height = 164 cm; body mass = 58.2 kg), before three maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) trials for each position were obtained in a randomized, counterbalanced fashion. Results. No statistically significant (p …


Impact Of Altitude On Power Output During Cycling Stage Racing, Laura A. Garvican-Lewis, Bradley Clark, David T. Martin, Yorck O. Schumacher, Warren Mcdonald, Brian Stephens, Fuhai Ma, Kevin G. Thompson, Christopher J. Gore, Paolo Mensaspa Jan 2015

Impact Of Altitude On Power Output During Cycling Stage Racing, Laura A. Garvican-Lewis, Bradley Clark, David T. Martin, Yorck O. Schumacher, Warren Mcdonald, Brian Stephens, Fuhai Ma, Kevin G. Thompson, Christopher J. Gore, Paolo Mensaspa

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Purpose The purpose of this study was to quantify the effects of moderate-high altitude on power output, cadence, speed and heart rate during a multi-day cycling tour. Methods Power output, heart rate, speed and cadence were collected from elite male road cyclists during maximal efforts of 5, 15, 30, 60, 240 and 600 s. The efforts were completed in a laboratory power-profile assessment, and spontaneously during a cycling race simulation near sea-level and an international cycling race at moderate-high altitude. Matched data from the laboratory power-profile and the highest maximal mean power output (MMP) and corresponding speed and heart rate …