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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Concurrent Achilles Tendon Vibration And Tibial Nerve Stimulation To Estimate Persistent Inward Current Strength In Motoneurons, Denis César Leite Vieira, Amilton Vieira, Matheus Avelino Dos Santos, Rafael Rodrigues Da Cunha, Victor Lage, Anthony J. Blazevich, Martim Bottaro Dec 2021

Concurrent Achilles Tendon Vibration And Tibial Nerve Stimulation To Estimate Persistent Inward Current Strength In Motoneurons, Denis César Leite Vieira, Amilton Vieira, Matheus Avelino Dos Santos, Rafael Rodrigues Da Cunha, Victor Lage, Anthony J. Blazevich, Martim Bottaro

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Vibratory (Tvib) and sustained (Tsust) torque responses to concurrent Achilles tendon vibration and neuromuscular electrical stimulation applied over the muscle belly (vib+stim) are used as indicators of motoneuron facilitation and, theoretically, persistent inward current strength. However, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) applied to the nerve trunk may potentiate motoneuronal excitability more than muscle belly NMES, yet it remains unclear whether NMES applied over the nerve evokes robust Tvib and Tsust responses when used during the vib+stim protocol. This study tested whether a nerve-targeted vib+stim protocol elicits Tvib and Tsust responses in the ankle plantar flexors with acceptable intra- and inter-session reliability. …


A Case Report Of Covid-19 Monitoring In The Austrian Professional Football League, Antje Van Der Zee-Neuen, Dagmar Schaffler-Schaden, Jürgen Herfert, James O´Brien, Tim Johansson, Patrick Kutschar, Alexander Seymer, Stephan Ludwig, Thomas Stöggl, David Keeley, Herbert Resch, Jürgen Osterbrink, Maria Flamm Dec 2021

A Case Report Of Covid-19 Monitoring In The Austrian Professional Football League, Antje Van Der Zee-Neuen, Dagmar Schaffler-Schaden, Jürgen Herfert, James O´Brien, Tim Johansson, Patrick Kutschar, Alexander Seymer, Stephan Ludwig, Thomas Stöggl, David Keeley, Herbert Resch, Jürgen Osterbrink, Maria Flamm

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Since the beginning of the COVID -19 pandemic, many contact sport teams are facing major challenges to safely continue training and competition. We present the design and implementation of a structured monitoring concept for the Austrian national football league. 146 professional players from five clubs of the professional Austrian football league were monitored for a period of 12 weeks. Subjective health parameters, PCR- test results and data obtained from a geo-tracking app were collected. Simulations modelling the consequences of a COVID-19 case with increasing reproduction number were computed. No COVID -19 infection occurred during the observation period in the players. …


Influence Of Physical And Technical Aspects On Change Of Direction Performance Of Rugby Players: An Exploratory Study, Tomás T. Freitas, Pedro E. Alcaraz, Julio Calleja-González, Ademir F. S. Arruda, Aristide Guerriero, Valter P. Mercer, Lucas A. Pereira, Felipe P. Carpes, Michael R. Mcguigan, Irineu Loturco Dec 2021

Influence Of Physical And Technical Aspects On Change Of Direction Performance Of Rugby Players: An Exploratory Study, Tomás T. Freitas, Pedro E. Alcaraz, Julio Calleja-González, Ademir F. S. Arruda, Aristide Guerriero, Valter P. Mercer, Lucas A. Pereira, Felipe P. Carpes, Michael R. Mcguigan, Irineu Loturco

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

We examined the relationships between change of direction (COD) speed and deficit, and a series of speed-and power-related measurements in national team rugby union players and analyzed the influence of movement patterns on COD ability. Eleven male athletes completed the following physical assessments on different days: day 1—anthropometric measurements, and lower-body kinematic parameters (assessed with eight inertial sensors) and completion time in COD tests (proagility, 45◦ cutting maneuver (CUT), and “L” (L-Drill)); day 2—bilateral and unilateral squat and countermovement jumps, 40 m linear sprint, and bar-power output in the jump squat and half-squat exercises. Pearson’s product–moment correlations were performed to …


Running Performance Of Male Versus Female Players In Australian Football Matches: A Systematic Review, Christopher Wing, Nicolas H. Hart, Callum Mccaskie, Petar Djanis, Fadi Ma’Ayah, Kazunori Nosaka Dec 2021

Running Performance Of Male Versus Female Players In Australian Football Matches: A Systematic Review, Christopher Wing, Nicolas H. Hart, Callum Mccaskie, Petar Djanis, Fadi Ma’Ayah, Kazunori Nosaka

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Background:

Australian Football is a fast paced, intermittent sport, played by both male and female populations. The aim of this systematic review was to compare male and female Australian Football players, competing at elite and sub-elite levels, for running performance during Australian Football matches based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA).

Methods:

Medline, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science searches, using search terms inclusive of Australian Football, movement demands and microsensor technology, returned 2535 potential manuscripts, of which 33 were included in the final analyses.

Results:

Results indicated that male athletes performed approximately twice the total …


Eccentric-Only Versus Concentric-Only Resistance Training Effects On Biochemical And Physiological Parameters In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes, Christine Kudiarasu, Wafina Rohadhia, Yoshihiro Katsura, Tomoko Koeda, Favil Singh, Kazunori Nosaka Dec 2021

Eccentric-Only Versus Concentric-Only Resistance Training Effects On Biochemical And Physiological Parameters In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes, Christine Kudiarasu, Wafina Rohadhia, Yoshihiro Katsura, Tomoko Koeda, Favil Singh, Kazunori Nosaka

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Background:

The benefits of resistance training for patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are well documented; however, the effects of exercise with different muscle contraction types such as eccentric versus concentric contractions on physiological outcomes for this population are not clear. This study compared eccentric-only (ECC) and concentric-only resistance training (CON) to test the hypothesis that ECC would be superior to CON to improve insulin sensitivity, lipid profile, body composition, muscle strength and physical function of patients with T2D.

Methods:

Adults with T2D (50–79 years) were allocated to the ECC (n = 9) or CON group (n = 9). Resistance …


Insights Into The Complexity Of Presentation And Management Of Patients: The Sport And Exercise Physician’S Perspective, Prasanna J. Gamage, Saran Seker, Jessica Orchard, David Humphries, Kylie Fitzgerald, Jane Fitzpatrick Nov 2021

Insights Into The Complexity Of Presentation And Management Of Patients: The Sport And Exercise Physician’S Perspective, Prasanna J. Gamage, Saran Seker, Jessica Orchard, David Humphries, Kylie Fitzgerald, Jane Fitzpatrick

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Objectives:

Sport and Exercise Physicians represent a relatively new specialty focusing on exercise in complex diseases including musculoskeletal diseases. Our objective was to describe the characteristics, type and complexity of patient presentations, their management strategies and referral information in Australian practice.

Methods:

A cross-sectional study including a cohort of 11 senior Sport and Exercise Physicians in Australia studied all new patient consultations within an 8-week period. Data were analysed relating to presentation, referral source, follow-up referrals, and patient management strategies.

Results:

Data from 419 patients were recorded. The majority, 97% (n=406), had musculoskeletal conditions, 53% (n=222) had one or more …


Muscle Damage Indicated By Maximal Voluntary Contraction Strength Changes From Immediately To 1 Day After Eccentric Exercise Of The Knee Extensors, Mikio Shoji, Ryoichi Ema, Kazunori Nosaka, Akihiro Kanda, Kosuke Hirata, Ryota Akagi Nov 2021

Muscle Damage Indicated By Maximal Voluntary Contraction Strength Changes From Immediately To 1 Day After Eccentric Exercise Of The Knee Extensors, Mikio Shoji, Ryoichi Ema, Kazunori Nosaka, Akihiro Kanda, Kosuke Hirata, Ryota Akagi

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

The present study examined if the magnitude of changes in indirect muscle damage markers could be predicted by maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) torque changes from immediately to 1 day after eccentric exercise. Twenty-eight young men performed 100 maximal isokinetic (60°/s) eccentric contractions of the knee extensors. MVIC torque, potentiated doublet torque, voluntary activation (VA) during MVIC, shear modulus of rectus femoris (RF), vastus medialis and lateralis, and muscle soreness of these muscles were measured before, immediately after, and 1–3 days post-exercise. Based on the recovery rate of the MVIC torque from immediately to 1-day post-exercise, the participants were placed …


Musculoskeletal Responses To Exercise Plus Nutrition In Men With Prostate Cancer On Androgen Deprivation: A 12-Month Rct, Jack Dalla Via, Patrick J. Owen, Robin M. Daly, Niamh L. Mundell, Patricia M. Livingston, Timo Rantalainen, Stephen J. Foulkes, Jeremy L. Millar, Declan G. Murphy, Steve F. Fraser Oct 2021

Musculoskeletal Responses To Exercise Plus Nutrition In Men With Prostate Cancer On Androgen Deprivation: A 12-Month Rct, Jack Dalla Via, Patrick J. Owen, Robin M. Daly, Niamh L. Mundell, Patricia M. Livingston, Timo Rantalainen, Stephen J. Foulkes, Jeremy L. Millar, Declan G. Murphy, Steve F. Fraser

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Purpose:

Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostate cancer has multiple adverse effects on musculoskeletal health. This 12-month randomized controlled trial aimed to assess the effects of multicomponent exercise training combined with whey protein, calcium and vitamin D supplementation on bone mineral density (BMD), structure and strength, body composition, muscle strength, and physical function in ADT-treated men.

Methods:

Seventy ADT-treated men were randomized to exercise plus supplementation (Ex + Suppl; n = 34) or usual care (control; n = 36). Ex + Suppl involved thrice weekly progressive resistance training plus weight-bearing impact exercise with daily multinutrient supplementation. Primary outcomes were DXA …


Exercise For Individuals With Bone Metastases: A Systematic Review, Sarah Weller, Nicolas H. Hart, Kate A. Bolam, Sami Mansfield, Daniel Santa Mina, Kerri M. Winters-Stone, Anna Campbell, Friederike Rosenberger, Joachim Wiskemann, Morten Quist, Prue Cormie, Jennifer Goulart, Kristin L. Campbell Oct 2021

Exercise For Individuals With Bone Metastases: A Systematic Review, Sarah Weller, Nicolas H. Hart, Kate A. Bolam, Sami Mansfield, Daniel Santa Mina, Kerri M. Winters-Stone, Anna Campbell, Friederike Rosenberger, Joachim Wiskemann, Morten Quist, Prue Cormie, Jennifer Goulart, Kristin L. Campbell

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

BACKGROUND: Exercise has the potential to improve physical function and quality of life in individuals with bone metastases but is often avoided due to safety concerns. This systematic review summarizes the safety, feasibility and efficacy of exercise in controlled trials that include individuals with bone metastases. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, Pubmed, CINAHL, PEDro and CENTRAL databases were searched to July 16, 2020. RESULTS: A total of 17 trials were included incorporating aerobic exercise, resistance exercise or soccer interventions. Few (n = 4, 0.5%) serious adverse events were attributed to exercise participation, with none related to bone metastases. Mixed efficacy results were …


Testing, Training, And Optimising Performance Of Track Cyclists: A Systematic Mapping Review, Antony M. Stadnyk, Franco M. Impellizzeri, Jamie Stanley, Paolo Menaspà, Katie M. Slattery Sep 2021

Testing, Training, And Optimising Performance Of Track Cyclists: A Systematic Mapping Review, Antony M. Stadnyk, Franco M. Impellizzeri, Jamie Stanley, Paolo Menaspà, Katie M. Slattery

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

BACKGROUND: Track cyclists must develop mental, physical, tactical and technical capabilities to achieve success at an elite level. Given the importance of these components in determining performance, it is of interest to understand the volume of evidence to support implementation in practice by coaches, practitioners, and athletes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic mapping review to describe the current scale and density of research for testing, training and optimising performance in track cycling. METHODS: All publications involving track cyclist participants were reviewed from four databases (PubMed, SPORTDiscus, Academic Search Complete, Cochrane Library) plus additional sources. …


A Comparison Of Manual And Automatic Force-Onset Identification Methodologies And Their Effect On Force-Time Characteristics In The Isometric Midthigh Pull, Stuart N. Guppy, Claire J. Brady, Yosuke Kotani, Shannon Connolly, Paul Comfort, Jason P. Lake, G. Gregory Haff Sep 2021

A Comparison Of Manual And Automatic Force-Onset Identification Methodologies And Their Effect On Force-Time Characteristics In The Isometric Midthigh Pull, Stuart N. Guppy, Claire J. Brady, Yosuke Kotani, Shannon Connolly, Paul Comfort, Jason P. Lake, G. Gregory Haff

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

The aim of this study was to assess the agreement of three different automated methods of identifying force-onset (40 N, 5 SDs, and 3 SDs) with manual identification, during the isometric mid-thigh pull (IMTP). Fourteen resistance-trained participants with > 6 months experience training with the power clean volunteered to take part. After three familiarisation sessions, the participants performed five maximal IMTPs separated by 1 min of rest. Fixed bias was found between 40 N and manual identification for time at force-onset. No proportional bias was present between manual identification and any automated threshold. Fixed bias between manual identification and automated was …


Win, Draw, Or Lose? Global Positioning System-Based Variables’ Effect On The Match Outcome: A Full-Season Study On An Iranian Professional Soccer Team, Hadi Nobari, Norbert Keshish Banoocy, Rafael Oliveira, Jorge Pérez-Gómez Aug 2021

Win, Draw, Or Lose? Global Positioning System-Based Variables’ Effect On The Match Outcome: A Full-Season Study On An Iranian Professional Soccer Team, Hadi Nobari, Norbert Keshish Banoocy, Rafael Oliveira, Jorge Pérez-Gómez

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

The aim of the study was to determine the between-match and between-halves match variability of various Global Positioning System (GPS) variables and metabolic power average (MPA) in competitions, based on the match results obtained by professional soccer players over a full season. Observations on individual match performance measures were undertaken on thirteen outfield players competing in the Iranian Premier League. The measures selected for analysis included total duration, accelerations in zones (AccZ1, 2, and 3), decelerations in zones (DecZ1, 2, and 3), and MPA collected by the Wearable Inertial Measurement Unit (WIMU). The GPS manufacturer set the thresholds for the …


Electromyographical Differences Between The Hyperextension And Reverse-Hyperextension, Matthew Cuthbert, Nicholas J. Ripley, Timothy J. Suchomel, Robert Alejo, John J. Mcmahon, Paul Comfort Jun 2021

Electromyographical Differences Between The Hyperextension And Reverse-Hyperextension, Matthew Cuthbert, Nicholas J. Ripley, Timothy J. Suchomel, Robert Alejo, John J. Mcmahon, Paul Comfort

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

ABSTRACT: Cuthbert, M, Ripley, NJ, Suchomel, TJ, Alejo, R, McMahon, JJ, and Comfort, P. Electromyographical differences between the hyperextension and reverse-hyperextension. J Strength Cond Res 35(6): 1477-1483, 2021-The aims of this study were to compare muscle activation of the erector spinae (ES), gluteus maximus (GMax), and biceps femoris (BF) during the hyperextension (HE) and reverse-HE (RHE) exercises. Ten subjects (age, 23 ± 4 years; height, 175.9 ± 6.9 cm; mass, 75.2 ± 9.7 kg) had electromyography (EMG) electrodes placed on the ES, GMax, and BF muscles in accordance with SENIAM (Surface EMG for Non-Invasive Assessment of Muscles) guidelines. Subjects performed …


Do People With Unilateral Mid-Portion Achilles Tendinopathy Who Participate In Running-Related Physical Activity Exhibit A Meaningful Conditioned Pain Modulation (Cpm) Effect: A Pilot Study, Myles C. Murphy, Ebonie K. Rio, Paola Chivers, James Debenham, Sean I. Docking, Mervyn Travers, William Gibson May 2021

Do People With Unilateral Mid-Portion Achilles Tendinopathy Who Participate In Running-Related Physical Activity Exhibit A Meaningful Conditioned Pain Modulation (Cpm) Effect: A Pilot Study, Myles C. Murphy, Ebonie K. Rio, Paola Chivers, James Debenham, Sean I. Docking, Mervyn Travers, William Gibson

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Objectives: Our primary objective was to report the presence of a conditioned pain modulation (CPM) effect in people with localised mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy and whether changes occur over a 12-week period. Our secondary objectives were to quantify the proportion of participants who present for tendinopathy research with previous interventions or co-morbidities, which may impact the CPM-effect and investigate modulating factors. Design: Prospective, observational cohort pilot study. Method: 215 participants presented for this Achilles tendinopathy research and were screened for inclusion with nine being included. Included participants had the CPM-effect (cold-pressor test) assessed using pressure pain thresholds at the Achilles tendon …


The Influence Of Mental Fatigue On Sessional Ratings Of Perceived Exertion In Elite Open And Closed Skill Sports Athletes, Joseph O. C. Coyne, Aaron J. Coutts, Robert U. Newton, G. Gregory Haff Apr 2021

The Influence Of Mental Fatigue On Sessional Ratings Of Perceived Exertion In Elite Open And Closed Skill Sports Athletes, Joseph O. C. Coyne, Aaron J. Coutts, Robert U. Newton, G. Gregory Haff

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

ABSTRACT: Coyne, JOC, Coutts, AJ, Newton, RU, and Haff, GG. The influence of mental fatigue on sessional ratings of perceived exertion in elite open and closed skill sports athletes. J Strength Cond Res 35(4): 963-969, 2021-The main purpose of this investigation was to examine influence of mental fatigue on sessional ratings of perceived exertion (sRPE) over a training week in elite athletes in open skill (OS, i.e., more unpredictable and externally paced sports) and closed skill (CS, i.e., more predictable and internally paced) sports. Visual analogue scales for mental fatigue, sRPE (CR-10 scale), and training duration were collected from an …


Fitness Testing Parameters For Alpine Ski Racing, James J. Pritchard Apr 2021

Fitness Testing Parameters For Alpine Ski Racing, James J. Pritchard

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Alpine ski racing requires high levels of isometric, eccentric, and concentric muscle actions through wide ranges of hip, knee, and ankle mobility. The course duration of ∼ 40 seconds for slalom racing to upward of 2.5 minutes for downhill racing necessitates high levels of anaerobic endurance, aerobic power, and force production to be successful. In addition, due to the highly technical skill aspect of ski racing, neuromuscular coordination is of utmost importance. This review identifies the most effective performance testing methods for alpine ski racing, as well as highlighting their relevance to the physiological parameters of the sport.


Relationships Between Internal Training Load In A Taper With Elite Weightlifting Performance Calculated Using Different Moving Average Methods, Joseph O. C. Coyne, Robert U. Newton, G. Gregory Haff Mar 2021

Relationships Between Internal Training Load In A Taper With Elite Weightlifting Performance Calculated Using Different Moving Average Methods, Joseph O. C. Coyne, Robert U. Newton, G. Gregory Haff

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Purpose:

A simple and 2 different exponentially weighted moving average methods were used to investigate the relationships between internal training load and elite weightlifting performance.

Methods:

Training impulse data (sessional ratings of perceived exertion × training duration) were collected from 21 elite weightlifters (age = 26.0 [3.2] y, height = 162.2 [11.3] cm, body mass = 72.2 [23.8] kg, previous 12-mo personal best total 96.3% [2.7%] of world record total) during the 8 weeks prior to the 2016 Olympic Games qualifying competition. The amount of training modified or cancelled due to injury/illness was also collected. The training stress balance (TSB) …


Weight Loss For Obese Prostate Cancer Patients On Androgen Deprivation Therapy, Rebekah Wilson, Robert Newton, Dennis Taaffe, Nicolas H. Hart, Philippa Lyons-Wall, Daniel A. Galvao Mar 2021

Weight Loss For Obese Prostate Cancer Patients On Androgen Deprivation Therapy, Rebekah Wilson, Robert Newton, Dennis Taaffe, Nicolas H. Hart, Philippa Lyons-Wall, Daniel A. Galvao

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

PURPOSE: Excess fat mass (FM) contributes to poor prostate cancer (PCa) prognosis and comorbidity. However, FM gain is a common side effect of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). We examined the efficacy of a 12-wk weight loss intervention to reduce FM and maintain lean mass (LM) in ADT-treated obese PCa patients.

METHODS: Fourteen ADT-treated obese PCa patients (72 ± 9 yr, 39.7% ± 5.4% body fat) were recruited for a self-controlled prospective study, with 11 completing the 6-wk control period, followed by a 12-wk intervention comprising 300 min·wk-1 of exercise including supervised resistance training and home-based aerobic exercise, and dietitian consultations …


The Effects Of Acute Exercise On Bone Turnover Markers In Middle-Aged And Older Adults: A Systematic Review, Cassandra Smith, Alexander Tacey, Jakub Mesinovic, David Scott, Xuzhu Lin, Tara C. Brennan-Speranza, Joshua R. Lewis, Gustavo Duque, Itamar Levinger Feb 2021

The Effects Of Acute Exercise On Bone Turnover Markers In Middle-Aged And Older Adults: A Systematic Review, Cassandra Smith, Alexander Tacey, Jakub Mesinovic, David Scott, Xuzhu Lin, Tara C. Brennan-Speranza, Joshua R. Lewis, Gustavo Duque, Itamar Levinger

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

© 2020 Elsevier Inc. Background: Bone turnover is the cellular machinery responsible for bone integrity and strength and, in the clinical setting, it is assessed using bone turnover markers (BTMs). Acute exercise can induce mechanical stress on bone which is needed for bone remodelling, but to date, there are conflicting results in regards to the effects of varying mechanical stimuli on BTMs. Objectives: This systematic review examines the effects of acute aerobic, resistance and impact exercises on BTMs in middle and older-aged adults and examines whether the responses are determined by the exercise mode, intensity, age and sex. Methods: We …


Relationships Between Different Internal And External Training Load Variables And Elite International Women’S Basketball Performance, Joseph Coyne, Aaron J. Coutts, Robert Newton, Greg Haff Feb 2021

Relationships Between Different Internal And External Training Load Variables And Elite International Women’S Basketball Performance, Joseph Coyne, Aaron J. Coutts, Robert Newton, Greg Haff

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Purpose:

To investigate the relationships between internal and external training load (TL) metrics with elite international women’s basketball performance.

Methods:

Sessional ratings of perceived exertion, PlayerLoad/minute, and training duration were collected from 13 elite international-level female basketball athletes (age 29.0 [3.7] y, stature 186.0 [9.8] cm, body mass 77.9 [11.6] kg) during the 18 weeks prior to the International Basketball Federation Olympic qualifying event for the 2016 Rio Olympic Games. Training stress balance, differential load, and the training efficiency index were calculated with 3 different smoothing methods. These TL metrics and their change in the last 21 days …


Changes In Plasma Hydroxyproline And Plasma Cell-Free Dna Concentrations After Higher- Versus Lower-Intensity Eccentric Cycling, Georgios Mavropalias, Leslie Calapre, Michael Morici, Tomoko Koeda, Wayne C. K. Poon, Oliver R. Barley, Elin Gray, Anthony J. Blazevich, Kazunori Nosaka Jan 2021

Changes In Plasma Hydroxyproline And Plasma Cell-Free Dna Concentrations After Higher- Versus Lower-Intensity Eccentric Cycling, Georgios Mavropalias, Leslie Calapre, Michael Morici, Tomoko Koeda, Wayne C. K. Poon, Oliver R. Barley, Elin Gray, Anthony J. Blazevich, Kazunori Nosaka

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Purpose:

We examined changes in plasma creatine kinase (CK) activity, hydroxyproline and cell-free DNA (cfDNA) concentrations in relation to changes in maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) torque and delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) following a session of volume-matched higher- (HI) versus lower-intensity (LI) eccentric cycling exercise.

Methods:

Healthy young men performed either 5 × 1-min HI at 20% of peak power output (n = 11) or 5 × 4-min LI eccentric cycling at 5% of peak power output (n = 9). Changes in knee extensor MVIC torque, DOMS, plasma CK activity, and hydroxyproline and cfDNA concentrations before, immediately after, and 24–72 …


Developing A Comprehensive Testing Battery For Mixed Martial Arts, Matthew Plush, Stuart N. Guppy, Kazunori Nosaka, Oliver Barley Jan 2021

Developing A Comprehensive Testing Battery For Mixed Martial Arts, Matthew Plush, Stuart N. Guppy, Kazunori Nosaka, Oliver Barley

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(4): 941-961, 2021. Mixed martial arts (MMA) is a combat sport that employs techniques from different combat disciplines. There are a multitude of technical and physiological characteristics that contribute to competitive success. Developing a single scientific assessment that can predict competitive outcomes poses great difficulty due to the complexity of MMA. While previous research has investigated some important physiological characteristics, there is no accepted best-practice for a comprehensive testing battery. As such, this study aimed to design and utilize a battery of physiological assessments to cover aerobic and anaerobic function, strength measures including explosive and …


Feasibility, Safety, And Acceptability Of A Remotely Monitored Exercise Pilot Champ: A Clinical Trial Of High-Intensity Aerobic And Resistance Exercise For Metastatic Castrate-Resistant Prostate Cancer, Stacey A. Kenfield, Erin L. Van Blarigan, Neil Panchal, Alexander Bang, Li Zhang, Rebecca E. Graff, Yea-Hung Chen, Charles J. Ryan, Anthony Luke, Robert U. Newton, Imelda Tenggara, Brooke Schultz, Elizabeth Wang, Emil Lavaki, Kyle Zuniga, Nicole Pinto, Hala Borno, Rahul Aggarwal, Terence Friedlander, Vadim S. Koshkin, Andrea Harzstark, Eric Small, June M. Chan Jan 2021

Feasibility, Safety, And Acceptability Of A Remotely Monitored Exercise Pilot Champ: A Clinical Trial Of High-Intensity Aerobic And Resistance Exercise For Metastatic Castrate-Resistant Prostate Cancer, Stacey A. Kenfield, Erin L. Van Blarigan, Neil Panchal, Alexander Bang, Li Zhang, Rebecca E. Graff, Yea-Hung Chen, Charles J. Ryan, Anthony Luke, Robert U. Newton, Imelda Tenggara, Brooke Schultz, Elizabeth Wang, Emil Lavaki, Kyle Zuniga, Nicole Pinto, Hala Borno, Rahul Aggarwal, Terence Friedlander, Vadim S. Koshkin, Andrea Harzstark, Eric Small, June M. Chan

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Background: Exercise may improve clinical and quality of life outcomes for men with prostate cancer. No randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have examined the feasibility, safety, and acceptability of remote exercise training in men with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Methods: We conducted a pilot RCT (1:1:1 aerobic or resistance exercise 3x/week or usual care) to determine the feasibility, safety, and acceptability of remotely monitored exercise over 12 weeks in 25 men with mCRPC. A prescribed exercise program was based on baseline testing including high- and moderate-intensity aerobic exercise or resistance exercise completed at a local exercise facility. Feasibility was based …


High-Intensity Exercise And Cognitive Function In Cognitively Normal Older Adults: A Pilot Randomised Clinical Trial, Belinda M. Brown, Natalie Frost, Stephanie R. Rainey-Smith, James Doecke, Shaun Markovic, Nicole Gordon, Michael Weinborn, Hamid R. Sohrabi, Simon M. Laws, Ralph N. Martins, Kirk I. Erickson, Jeremiah J. Peiffer Jan 2021

High-Intensity Exercise And Cognitive Function In Cognitively Normal Older Adults: A Pilot Randomised Clinical Trial, Belinda M. Brown, Natalie Frost, Stephanie R. Rainey-Smith, James Doecke, Shaun Markovic, Nicole Gordon, Michael Weinborn, Hamid R. Sohrabi, Simon M. Laws, Ralph N. Martins, Kirk I. Erickson, Jeremiah J. Peiffer

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

© 2021, The Author(s). Background: Physical inactivity has been consistently linked to increased risk of cognitive decline; however, studies examining the impact of exercise interventions on cognition have produced inconsistent findings. Some observational studies suggest exercise intensity may be important for inducing cognitive improvements; however, this has yet to be thoroughly examined in older adult cohorts. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the effect of systematically manipulated high-intensity and moderate-intensity exercise interventions on cognition. Methods: This multi-arm pilot randomised clinical trial investigated the effects of 6 months of high-intensity exercise and moderate-intensity exercise, compared with an inactive …


Usability, Acceptability, And Safety Analysis Of A Computer-Tailored Web-Based Exercise Intervention (Exerciseguide) For Individuals With Metastatic Prostate Cancer: Multi-Methods Laboratory-Based Study, Holly E. L. Evans, Cynthia C. Forbes, Daniel A. Galvão, Corneel Vandelanotte, Robert U. Newton, Gary Wittert, Suzanne Chambers, Andrew D. Vincent, Ganessan Kichenadasse, Danielle Girard, Nicholas Brook, Camille E. Short Jan 2021

Usability, Acceptability, And Safety Analysis Of A Computer-Tailored Web-Based Exercise Intervention (Exerciseguide) For Individuals With Metastatic Prostate Cancer: Multi-Methods Laboratory-Based Study, Holly E. L. Evans, Cynthia C. Forbes, Daniel A. Galvão, Corneel Vandelanotte, Robert U. Newton, Gary Wittert, Suzanne Chambers, Andrew D. Vincent, Ganessan Kichenadasse, Danielle Girard, Nicholas Brook, Camille E. Short

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Background:

Digital health interventions such as tailored websites are emerging as valuable tools to provide individualized exercise and behavioral change information for individuals diagnosed with cancer.

Objective:

The aim of this study is to investigate and iteratively refine the acceptability and usability of a web-based exercise intervention (ExerciseGuide) for men with metastatic prostate cancer and determine how well individuals can replicate the video-based exercise prescription.

Methods:

A laboratory-based multi-methods design was used, incorporating questionnaires, think-aloud tests, interviews, and movement screening among 11 men aged 63 to 82 years with metastatic prostate cancer. Overall, 9 participants were undergoing androgen deprivation therapy, …


Feasibility, Tolerance And Effects Of Adding Impact Loading Exercise To Pulmonary Rehabilitation In People With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Study Protocol For A Pilot Randomised Controlled Trial, Erin Cecins, Kylie Hill, Dennis R. Taaffe, David Manners, Anne-Marie Hill, Robert U. Newton, Daniel A. Galvão, Vinicius Cavalheri Jan 2021

Feasibility, Tolerance And Effects Of Adding Impact Loading Exercise To Pulmonary Rehabilitation In People With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Study Protocol For A Pilot Randomised Controlled Trial, Erin Cecins, Kylie Hill, Dennis R. Taaffe, David Manners, Anne-Marie Hill, Robert U. Newton, Daniel A. Galvão, Vinicius Cavalheri

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Background:

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disorder linked with a multitude of extra pulmonary manifestations (also known as treatable traits), including low bone mineral density (BMD). To date, no specific guidelines exist for the management of BMD in this population. Impact loading exercise has been identified as an intervention that improves or maintains BMD in other populations. However, the feasibility of and tolerance to impact loading exercise has not been tested in people with COPD. The aim of the proposed study will be to investigate the feasibility and tolerance of adding impact loading exercise to a standard pulmonary …


Enhancing Adaptions To Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Training Interventions, Anthony J. Blazevich, David F. Collins, Guillaume Y. Millet, Marco A. Vaz, Nicola A. Maffiuletti Jan 2021

Enhancing Adaptions To Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Training Interventions, Anthony J. Blazevich, David F. Collins, Guillaume Y. Millet, Marco A. Vaz, Nicola A. Maffiuletti

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) applied to skeletal muscles is an effective rehabilitation and exercise training modality. However, the relatively low muscle force and rapid muscle fatigue induced by NMES limit the stimulus provided to the neuromuscular system and subsequent adaptations. We hypothesize that adaptations to NMES will be enhanced by the use of specific stimulation protocols and adjuvant interventions.


Effects Of Exercise During Radiotherapy On Physical Function And Treatment-Related Side Effects In Men With Prostate Cancer: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Oliver Schumacher, Hao Luo, Dennis Taaffe, Daniel A. Galvao, Colin Tang, Raphael Chee, Nigel Spry, Robert Newton Jan 2021

Effects Of Exercise During Radiotherapy On Physical Function And Treatment-Related Side Effects In Men With Prostate Cancer: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Oliver Schumacher, Hao Luo, Dennis Taaffe, Daniel A. Galvao, Colin Tang, Raphael Chee, Nigel Spry, Robert Newton

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Purpose

Radiation therapy is a commonly used treatment for prostate cancer; however, the side effects may negatively affect quality of life and cause patients to be less physically active. Although exercise has been shown to mitigate radiation therapy–related fatigue in men with prostate cancer during radiation therapy, other adverse effects of treatment such as physical deconditioning, urinary symptoms, or sexual dysfunction have not been systematically reviewed in this patient population. Thus, the purpose of this review was to investigate the effect of exercise on physical function and treatment-related side effects in men with prostate cancer undergoing radiation therapy.

Methods

A …


Content Analysis Of Patent Applications For Strength Training Equipment Filed In The United States Before 1980, James L. Nuzzo Jan 2021

Content Analysis Of Patent Applications For Strength Training Equipment Filed In The United States Before 1980, James L. Nuzzo

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Nuzzo, JL. Content analysis of patent applications for strength training equipment filed in the United States before 1980. J Strength Cond Res 35(10): 2952–2962, 2021—Strength training history is an emerging academic area. The aim of the current study was to describe quantitively the history of inventions for strength training equipment. Content analysis was conducted of patent applications for strength training equipment filed with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office before 1980. Applications were identified using relevant keyword searches in Google Patents. A total of 551 patent applications were analyzed. The earliest application identified was filed in 1860. Applications never exceed …


Changes In Plasma C1q, Apelin And Adropin Concentrations In Older Adults After Descending And Ascending Stair Walking Intervention, Trevor C. Chen, Tsang-Hai Huang, Wei-Chin Tseng, Kuo-Wei Tseng, Chung-Chan Hsieh, Mei-Yen Chen, Tai-Ying Chou, Yuh-Chuan Huang, Hsin-Lian Chen, Kazunori Nosaka Jan 2021

Changes In Plasma C1q, Apelin And Adropin Concentrations In Older Adults After Descending And Ascending Stair Walking Intervention, Trevor C. Chen, Tsang-Hai Huang, Wei-Chin Tseng, Kuo-Wei Tseng, Chung-Chan Hsieh, Mei-Yen Chen, Tai-Ying Chou, Yuh-Chuan Huang, Hsin-Lian Chen, Kazunori Nosaka

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

This study compared changes in plasma complement component 1q (C1q), apelin and adropin concentrations in older obese women after descending (DSW) and ascending stair walking (ASW) training (n = 15/group) performed twice a week for 12 weeks, with gradual increases in exercise time from 5 to 60 min. Fasting blood samples were collected 3 days before the first and 4 days after the last training session. The improvements in the maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) strength of the knee extensors, functional physical fitness [e.g., 30-s chair stand (CS) performance], resting systolic blood pressure (SBP), insulin sensitivity [e.g., oral glucose tolerance …