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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Introduction: Critical Animal Studies Perspectives On Covid-19, Chloë Taylor, Kelly Struthers Montford, Eva Kasprzycka Jan 2021

Introduction: Critical Animal Studies Perspectives On Covid-19, Chloë Taylor, Kelly Struthers Montford, Eva Kasprzycka

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): Introduction: Critical Animal Studies Perspectives on Covid-19


Covid-19 And Capital: Labour Studies And Nonhuman Animals – A Roundtable Dialogue, Charlotte Blattner, Kendra Coulter, Dinesh Wadiwel, Eva Kasprzycka Jan 2021

Covid-19 And Capital: Labour Studies And Nonhuman Animals – A Roundtable Dialogue, Charlotte Blattner, Kendra Coulter, Dinesh Wadiwel, Eva Kasprzycka

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): Covid-19 and Capital: Labour Studies and Nonhuman Animals – A Roundtable Dialogue.


[Review] Austin Mcquinn. Becoming Audible: Sounding Animality In Performance. Pennsylvania State University Press, 2021. 200 Pp., Annie Garlid Jan 2021

[Review] Austin Mcquinn. Becoming Audible: Sounding Animality In Performance. Pennsylvania State University Press, 2021. 200 Pp., Annie Garlid

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(2): [Review] Austin McQuinn. Becoming Audible: Sounding Animality in Performance. Pennsylvania State University Press, 2021. 200 pp.


[Review] Marcus Byrne And Helen Lunn. Dance Of The Dung Beetles: Their Role In Our Changing World. Johannesburg: Wits University Press, 2019. 228 Pp., Wendy Woodward Jan 2021

[Review] Marcus Byrne And Helen Lunn. Dance Of The Dung Beetles: Their Role In Our Changing World. Johannesburg: Wits University Press, 2019. 228 Pp., Wendy Woodward

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(2): [Review] Marcus Byrne and Helen Lunn. Dance of the Dung Beetles: Their Role in Our Changing World. Johannesburg: Wits University Press, 2019. 228 pp.


Cover Page, Table Of Contents, Editorial And Contributor Biographies, Melissa Boyde Jan 2021

Cover Page, Table Of Contents, Editorial And Contributor Biographies, Melissa Boyde

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): Cover Page, Table of Contents, Editorial and Contributor Biographies.


A Covid Calendar, In Twelve Animals, Dana Medoro Jan 2021

A Covid Calendar, In Twelve Animals, Dana Medoro

Animal Studies Journal

This poem reflects upon the year 2020, the death of an animal-activist in Canada, and the murderous effects of COVID-19 on non-human animals


The Contagion Of Slow Violence: The Slaughterhouse And Covid-19, Kelly Struthers Montford, Tessa Wotherspoon Jan 2021

The Contagion Of Slow Violence: The Slaughterhouse And Covid-19, Kelly Struthers Montford, Tessa Wotherspoon

Animal Studies Journal

COVID-19 has brought to the fore the violence faced by slaughterhouse workers and those they are charged with slaughtering. This article argues that COVID-19 has wrought an acceleration of the slow violence of state organized race crime (Nixon, Ward), in spreading rapidly through the slaughterhouse and to surrounding racialized communities. We show that zoonotic pandemics are the result of state organized race crime, and that abattoirs are locations of inseparable animal and racial violence. We then analyse how the law and state institutions have positioned slaughterhouse work as essential, contra workers’ claims and general knowledge that meat is an inessential ...


Greedy Bat Eaters Versus Cruel Pig Killers: The Lose-Lose Battle Of Divisive Discourse, Angela Lee Jan 2021

Greedy Bat Eaters Versus Cruel Pig Killers: The Lose-Lose Battle Of Divisive Discourse, Angela Lee

Animal Studies Journal

Unsurprisingly, the circumstances and challenges brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic have generated strong reactions. Among the more notable, Canadian musician and animal activist Bryan Adams made headlines when he went on a tirade on social media denouncing ‘fucking bat eating, wet market animal selling, virus making greedy bastards’ and advocating for veganism. This article uses this incident as a prism through which to examine the values and assumptions informing some of the central debates within the mainstream animal advocacy movement today. Certainly, there is an urgent need for a critical re-evaluation of the policies and practices that have created ...


[Review] Penny Johnson. Companions In Conflict: Animals In Occupied Palestine. Melville House Publishing, 2019., Esther Alloun Jan 2021

[Review] Penny Johnson. Companions In Conflict: Animals In Occupied Palestine. Melville House Publishing, 2019., Esther Alloun

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): [Review] Penny Johnson. Companions in Conflict: Animals in Occupied Palestine. Melville House Publishing, 2019.


[Review] Rosemary-Claire Collard, Animal Traffic . Duke University Press, 2020, Xv + 181pp., John Simons Jan 2021

[Review] Rosemary-Claire Collard, Animal Traffic . Duke University Press, 2020, Xv + 181pp., John Simons

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): [Review] Rosemary-Claire Collard, Animal Traffic . Duke University Press, 2020, xv + 181pp.


[Review] Dara M. Wald And Anna L. Peterson. Cats And Conservationists: The Debate Over Who Owns The Outdoors. West Lafayette: Purdue University Press, 2020. 153 Pp., Wendy Woodward Jan 2021

[Review] Dara M. Wald And Anna L. Peterson. Cats And Conservationists: The Debate Over Who Owns The Outdoors. West Lafayette: Purdue University Press, 2020. 153 Pp., Wendy Woodward

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): [Review] Dara M. Wald and Anna L. Peterson. Cats and Conservationists: The Debate over Who Owns the Outdoors. West Lafayette: Purdue University Press, 2020. 153 pp.


[Review] Jody Berland. Virtual Menageries: Animals As Mediators In Network Cultures. Cambridge Mass: Mit Press, 2019. 328 Pp., Prof. Peta Tait Jan 2021

[Review] Jody Berland. Virtual Menageries: Animals As Mediators In Network Cultures. Cambridge Mass: Mit Press, 2019. 328 Pp., Prof. Peta Tait

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): [Review] Jody Berland. Virtual Menageries: Animals as Mediators in Network Cultures. Cambridge Mass: MIT Press, 2019. 328 pp.


[Review] Peter Godfrey-Smith. Metazoa: Animal Life And The Birth Of The Mind. New York: Farar, Straus And Giroux, 2020. 336 Pp., David Herman Jan 2021

[Review] Peter Godfrey-Smith. Metazoa: Animal Life And The Birth Of The Mind. New York: Farar, Straus And Giroux, 2020. 336 Pp., David Herman

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): [Review] Peter Godfrey-Smith. Metazoa: Animal Life and the Birth of the Mind. New York: Farar, Straus and Giroux, 2020. 336 pp.


[Review] Susan Mary Pyke. Animal Visions: Posthumanist Dream Writing. Palgrave Studies In Animals And Literature. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019. 314 Pp., Wendy Woodward Jan 2021

[Review] Susan Mary Pyke. Animal Visions: Posthumanist Dream Writing. Palgrave Studies In Animals And Literature. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019. 314 Pp., Wendy Woodward

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): [Review] Susan Mary Pyke. Animal Visions: Posthumanist Dream Writing. Palgrave Studies in Animals and Literature. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019. 314 pp.


Cover Page, Table Of Contents, Editorial And Contributor Biographies, Melissa Boyde Jan 2021

Cover Page, Table Of Contents, Editorial And Contributor Biographies, Melissa Boyde

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(2): Cover Page, Table of Contents, Editorial and Contributor Biographies.


Visualising Anthropocene Extinctions: Mapping Affect In The Works Of Naeemah Naeemaei, Linda Williams Jan 2021

Visualising Anthropocene Extinctions: Mapping Affect In The Works Of Naeemah Naeemaei, Linda Williams

Animal Studies Journal

While many writers have advocated the importance of narrative as a means of engaging with the problem of extinction, this paper considers what the qualities of visual aesthetics bring to this field. In addressing this question, the discussion turns to the problem of the ethical limits of art raised by Adorno and takes a theoretical turn away from posthumanism to consider how visual responses can redirect attention back to human agency. The focus of visual analysis is on five paintings by the contemporary Iranian artist Naeemeh Naeemaei. Neither exclusively Western nor overtly internationalist in their approach, these artworks refer to ...


Empathy, Animals, And Deadly Vices, Kathie Jenni Jan 2021

Empathy, Animals, And Deadly Vices, Kathie Jenni

Animal Studies Journal

In Deadly Vices, Gabriele Taylor provides a secular analysis of vices which in Christian theology were thought to bring death to the soul: sloth, envy, avarice, pride, anger, lust, and gluttony. She argues that these vices are appropriately singled out and grouped together in that ‘they are destructive of the self and prevent its flourishing’. Using a related approach, I offer a secular analysis of gluttony and cowardice, examining their roles in common failures to empathise with animals. I argue that these vices constitute serious moral failings, for they enable continuing complicity in animal abuse and undermine integrity. While Taylor ...


[Review] Teya Brooks Pribac. Enter The Animal: Cross-Species Perspectives On Grief And Spirituality. Sydney University Press, 2021. 262 Pp, Donovan O. Schaefer Jan 2021

[Review] Teya Brooks Pribac. Enter The Animal: Cross-Species Perspectives On Grief And Spirituality. Sydney University Press, 2021. 262 Pp, Donovan O. Schaefer

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(2): [Review] Teya Brooks Pribac. Enter the Animal: Cross-species Perspectives on Grief and Spirituality. Sydney University Press, 2021. 262 pp


[Review] Felice Cimatti And Carlo Salzani, Editors. Animality In Contemporary Italian Philosophy. Palgrave Macmillan Animal Ethics Series. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020. 341 Pp., Matthew Calarco Jan 2021

[Review] Felice Cimatti And Carlo Salzani, Editors. Animality In Contemporary Italian Philosophy. Palgrave Macmillan Animal Ethics Series. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020. 341 Pp., Matthew Calarco

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(2): [Review] Felice Cimatti and Carlo Salzani, editors. Animality in Contemporary Italian Philosophy. Palgrave Macmillan Animal Ethics Series. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020. 341 pp.


[Review] Gordon Meade With Jo-Anne Mcarthur. Zoospeak. London: Enthusiastic Press, 2020. 126 Pp., Wendy Woodward Jan 2021

[Review] Gordon Meade With Jo-Anne Mcarthur. Zoospeak. London: Enthusiastic Press, 2020. 126 Pp., Wendy Woodward

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(2): [Review] Gordon Meade with Jo-Anne McArthur. Zoospeak. London: Enthusiastic Press, 2020. 126 pp.


[Review] Deborah Bird Rose. Shimmer: Flying Fox Exuberance In Worlds Of Peril. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2022. 240 Pp., Tessa Laird Jan 2021

[Review] Deborah Bird Rose. Shimmer: Flying Fox Exuberance In Worlds Of Peril. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2022. 240 Pp., Tessa Laird

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(2): [Review] Deborah Bird Rose. Shimmer: Flying Fox Exuberance in Worlds of Peril. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2022. 240 pp.


[Review] Jason Hannan, Editor. Meatsplaining: The Animal Agriculture Industry And The Rhetoric Of Denial. Sydney: Sydney University Press, 2020. 334 Pp., Alex Lockwood Jan 2021

[Review] Jason Hannan, Editor. Meatsplaining: The Animal Agriculture Industry And The Rhetoric Of Denial. Sydney: Sydney University Press, 2020. 334 Pp., Alex Lockwood

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(2): [Review] Jason Hannan, editor. Meatsplaining: The Animal Agriculture Industry and the Rhetoric of Denial. Sydney: Sydney University Press, 2020. 334 pp.


[Review] Tomaž Grušovnik, Reingard Spannring And Karen Lykke Syse, Editors. Environmental And Animal Abuse Denial: Averting Our Gaze. Lexington Books 2021. 242 Pp., Teya Brooks Pribac Jan 2021

[Review] Tomaž Grušovnik, Reingard Spannring And Karen Lykke Syse, Editors. Environmental And Animal Abuse Denial: Averting Our Gaze. Lexington Books 2021. 242 Pp., Teya Brooks Pribac

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(2): [Review] Tomaž Grušovnik, Reingard Spannring and Karen Lykke Syse, editors. Environmental and Animal Abuse Denial: Averting Our Gaze. Lexington Books 2021. 242 pp.


Animals In Drama And Theatrical Performance: Anthropocentric Emotionalism, Peta Tait Dec 2020

Animals In Drama And Theatrical Performance: Anthropocentric Emotionalism, Peta Tait

Animal Studies Journal

This article outlines how nonhuman animals are framed by the emotions of drama, theatre and contemporary performance and considers a distinctive tradition in western culture of enacting animal characters who function as surrogate humans. It argues that, contradictorily, while animal characters confirm anthropocentric emotionalism, drama also contains pro-animal values and concern for animal welfare. Animals embodying emotions in theatrical languages are part of the way animals are used in the traditions of western culture and to think and philosophize with, but they also indicate thinking about the emotions in theatrical performance. The article considers if, however, staging living animals can ...


Role Of Area-Level Access To Primary Care On The Geographic Variation Of Cardiometabolic Risk Factor Distribution: A Multilevel Analysis Of The Adult Residents In The Illawarra—Shoalhaven Region Of Nsw, Australia, Renin Melkias Baby Selvi Toms, Xiaoqi Feng, Darren J. Mayne, Andrew D. Bonney Jan 2020

Role Of Area-Level Access To Primary Care On The Geographic Variation Of Cardiometabolic Risk Factor Distribution: A Multilevel Analysis Of The Adult Residents In The Illawarra—Shoalhaven Region Of Nsw, Australia, Renin Melkias Baby Selvi Toms, Xiaoqi Feng, Darren J. Mayne, Andrew D. Bonney

Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute

Background: Access to primary care is important for the identification, control and management of cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRFs). This study investigated whether differences in geographic access to primary care explained area-level variation in CMRFs. Methods: Multilevel logistic regression models were used to derive the association between area-level access to primary care and seven discrete CMRFs after adjusting for individual and area-level co-variates. Two-step floating catchment area method was used to calculate the geographic access to primary care for the small areas within the study region. Results: Geographic access to primary care was inversely associated with low high density lipoprotein (OR ...


Ketamine Inhibits Synaptic Transmission And Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor-Mediated Responses In Rat Intracardiac Ganglia In Situ, Alexander A. Harper, Katrina Rimmer, Jhansi Dyavanapalli, Jeffrey R. Mcarthur, David J. Adams Jan 2020

Ketamine Inhibits Synaptic Transmission And Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor-Mediated Responses In Rat Intracardiac Ganglia In Situ, Alexander A. Harper, Katrina Rimmer, Jhansi Dyavanapalli, Jeffrey R. Mcarthur, David J. Adams

Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute

The intravenous anaesthetic ketamine, has been demonstrated to inhibit nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR)-mediated currents in dissociated rat intracardiac ganglion (ICG) neurons (Weber et al., 2005). This effect would be predicted to depress synaptic transmission in the ICG and would account for the inhibitory action of ketamine on vagal transmission to the heart (Inoue and König, 1988). This investigation was designed to examine the activity of ketamine on (i) postsynaptic responses to vagal nerve stimulation, (ii) the membrane potential, and (iii) membrane current responses evoked by exogenous application of ACh and nicotine in ICG neurons in situ. Intracellular recordings were ...


Cognitive Distortions In Relation To Plasma Cortisol And Oxytocin Levels In Major Depressive Disorder, Susan J. Thomas, Theresa A. Larkin Jan 2020

Cognitive Distortions In Relation To Plasma Cortisol And Oxytocin Levels In Major Depressive Disorder, Susan J. Thomas, Theresa A. Larkin

Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute

Negative thinking is prominent in major depressive disorder (MDD). Cognitive models propose that negative thinking influences the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis and cortisol release. Oxytocin is also linked to MDD, social and affective processing, and stress buffering. Little research has examined direct relationships between negative cognitions, cortisol, and oxytocin. Methods: Sixty-one unmedicated participants meeting DSM-5 criteria for MDD and 60 healthy controls completed measures of psychopathology, stress, and cognitions. Plasma samples were analyzed for cortisol and oxytocin. Between-group analyses of variance were conducted along with correlational, regression and mediation analyses. Results: Depressed participants reported greater frequency and believability of negative thoughts than ...


Australian And New Zealand Medical Students' Attitudes And Confidence Towards Providing Nutrition Care In Practice, Breanna Marie Lepre, Jennifer Crowley, Dineo Mpe, Harsh Bhoopatkar, Kylie J. Mansfield, Clare Wall, Eleanor J. Beck Jan 2020

Australian And New Zealand Medical Students' Attitudes And Confidence Towards Providing Nutrition Care In Practice, Breanna Marie Lepre, Jennifer Crowley, Dineo Mpe, Harsh Bhoopatkar, Kylie J. Mansfield, Clare Wall, Eleanor J. Beck

Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute

The prevalence of lifestyle-related chronic disease is increasing. Doctors in primary care are ideally placed to support patient nutrition care, but recent reviews show education is still lacking. This study aimed to identify medical students’ attitudes towards the role of nutrition in health, nutrition knowledge, and perceptions of nutrition education, in postgraduate (Australia) and undergraduate (New Zealand) programs in order to identify gaps in nutrition knowledge and skills to better inform future education. Second-year graduate and third-year undergraduate students participated in semi-structured focus groups and interviews. A general inductive approach was used to investigate students’ 1) attitudes toward the role ...


[Review] Paula Acari. Making Sense Of ‘Food’ Animals: A Critical Exploration Of The Persistence Of Meat. Palgrave Macmillan, 2019. 356 Pp., Alex Lockwood Jan 2020

[Review] Paula Acari. Making Sense Of ‘Food’ Animals: A Critical Exploration Of The Persistence Of Meat. Palgrave Macmillan, 2019. 356 Pp., Alex Lockwood

Animal Studies Journal

[Review] Paula Acari. Making Sense of ‘Food’ Animals: A Critical Exploration of the Persistence of Meat. Palgrave Macmillan, 2019. 356 pp. There are many audiences for Paula Acari’s new book on the persistence of meat as edible matter, Making Sense of Food Animals, and not all of them academic. One of the striking facets of this well-researched, clearly argued and empirical analysis, drawing on 41 interviews with Australian meat eaters and meat producers, is the lessons for animal advocacy organisations for rethinking their messaging strategies. Central to the book’s argument is Acari’s challenge to narratives of transparency ...


Provocation From The Field: A Multispecies Doula Approach To Death And Dying, Kathryn Gillespie Jan 2020

Provocation From The Field: A Multispecies Doula Approach To Death And Dying, Kathryn Gillespie

Animal Studies Journal

Death doulas can help to make meaning in the dying process, to be present for what arises at the end of life, and to move alongside those who are dying and their loved ones. At the end of life, doulas can offer help reflecting on what this life has meant, planning for the coming death, holding space during the active dying process, and grieving the loss of the one who has died. This paper extends a doula approach – typically work done with humans – to death and dying in multispecies contexts. Many other species are routinely rendered killable, disposable, and ungrievable ...