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Articles 1 - 30 of 1983

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Geographic Variation In The Implementation Of Public Health Services: Organizational, Economic, And Network Determinants, Glen P. Mays Dec 2015

Geographic Variation In The Implementation Of Public Health Services: Organizational, Economic, And Network Determinants, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

An expanding body of research-tested public health interventions exist to prevent disease and injury and promote health on a population-wide basis, such as those profiled in the CDC’s Guide to Community Prevention Services, but adoption and implementation of these strategies vary widely across states and communities. Public health services are delivered through diffuse constellations of governmental agencies and their private-sector and community-based counterparts using implementation mechanisms that are poorly understood. The studies in this panel examine how organizational, economic, and inter-organizational network characteristics influence the implementation of public health services across states and communities.


Inter-Organizational Network Effects On Public Health Service Implementation, Outcomes, And Disparities Across U.S. Communities, Glen P. Mays Dec 2015

Inter-Organizational Network Effects On Public Health Service Implementation, Outcomes, And Disparities Across U.S. Communities, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

Background: The Affordable Care Act created new incentives for hospitals, insurers, public health agencies, and others to contribute to disease prevention and health promotion activities, potentially changing inter-organizational relationships and expanding implementation of strategies that improve population health. This study uses data from the 1998-2014 National Longitudinal Survey of Public Health Systems to examine: (1) the extent and nature of change in inter-organizational contributions to public health activities; (2) whether network changes attenuate or exacerbate disparities in public health implementation across communities; and (3) how network changes affect preventable mortality and resource use.Methods: We follow a longitudinal cohort of ...


A Parallel-Group Randomized Controlled Trial Of The Boa®-Constricting Iv Band, Richard N. Bradley Dec 2015

A Parallel-Group Randomized Controlled Trial Of The Boa®-Constricting Iv Band, Richard N. Bradley

Richard N Bradley

Background. Few studies have demonstrated the ideal technique for placement of peripheral venous access.

Objectives. The purpose of this study was to conduct a randomized, controlled trial to determine if there was a difference in success rates for establishing peripheral intravenous lines (IVs) when using the BOA® Constricting Band (BOA) compared to a standard elastic tourniquet.

Methods. Eligible participants were paramedics working in the out-of-hospital setting and nurses working in a trauma center. The intervention group intended to use the BOA® for all IV attempts, while the control group intended to use standard elastic tourniquets. The primary outcome was success ...


Emergency Medical Services Transport Delays For Suspected Stroke And Myocardial Infarction Patients, Ashley Pedigo Golden, Agricola Odoi Dec 2015

Emergency Medical Services Transport Delays For Suspected Stroke And Myocardial Infarction Patients, Ashley Pedigo Golden, Agricola Odoi

Agricola Odoi

Background: Prehospital delays in receiving emergency care for suspected stroke and myocardial infarction (MI) patients have significant impacts on health outcomes. Use of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) has been shown to reduce these delays. However, disparities in EMS transport delays are thought to exist. Therefore the objective of this study was to investigate and identify disparities in EMS transport times for suspected stroke and MI patients. Methods: Over 3,900 records of suspected stroke and MI patients, reported during 2006–2009, were obtained from two EMS agencies (EMS 1 & EMS 2) in Tennessee. Summary statistics of transport time intervals were ...


Evaluation Of Protein-Energy Wasting And Inflammation On Patients Undergoing Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis And Its Correlations, Venkatramanan Krishnamoorthy, Sham Sunder, Himansu Sekhar Mahapatra, Himanshu Verma, Neera Sharma, Rajesh Jayaraman, Satyanand Sathi, Shikha Khanna, Ashik Mohamed Nov 2015

Evaluation Of Protein-Energy Wasting And Inflammation On Patients Undergoing Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis And Its Correlations, Venkatramanan Krishnamoorthy, Sham Sunder, Himansu Sekhar Mahapatra, Himanshu Verma, Neera Sharma, Rajesh Jayaraman, Satyanand Sathi, Shikha Khanna, Ashik Mohamed

Ashik Mohamed

No abstract provided.


Health Benefits Of Cycle Ergometer Training For Older Adults Over 70: A Review, Walid Bouaziz Nov 2015

Health Benefits Of Cycle Ergometer Training For Older Adults Over 70: A Review, Walid Bouaziz

Walid Bouaziz

As the number of older adults continues to increase worldwide, more attention is being paid to geriatric health care needs, and successful ageing is becoming an important topic in the medical literature. A preventive approach to the care of older adults is thus a priority in our aging societies. The purpose of this study was to update evidence for the health benefits of cycle ergometer training for older adults over 70. We searched online electronic databases up to September 2014 for original observational and intervention studies on the relationship between cycle ergometer training and health among older patients over 70 ...


Evaluation Of Biofield Energy Treatment On Physical And Thermal Characteristics Of Selenium Powder, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Rama Mohan Tallapragada, Dahryn Trivedi, Alice Branton, Gopal Nayak, Omprakash Latiyal, Snehasis Jana Nov 2015

Evaluation Of Biofield Energy Treatment On Physical And Thermal Characteristics Of Selenium Powder, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Rama Mohan Tallapragada, Dahryn Trivedi, Alice Branton, Gopal Nayak, Omprakash Latiyal, Snehasis Jana

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element, and its deficiency in the humans leads to increase the risk of various diseases, such as cancer and heart diseases. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of biofield energy treatment on the physical and thermal properties of the selenium powder. The selenium powder was divided into two parts denoted as control and treated. The Control part was remained as untreated and treated part received Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment. Both control and treated selenium samples were characterized using x-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis - differential ...


Analysis Of Genetic Diversity Using Simple Sequence Repeat (Ssr) Markers And Growth Regulator Response In Biofield Treated Cotton (Gossypium Hirsutum L.), Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana Nov 2015

Analysis Of Genetic Diversity Using Simple Sequence Repeat (Ssr) Markers And Growth Regulator Response In Biofield Treated Cotton (Gossypium Hirsutum L.), Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Alice Branton, Dahryn Trivedi, Gopal Nayak, Mayank Gangwar, Snehasis Jana

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Cotton is the most important crop for the production of fiber that plays a key role in economic and social affairs. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of biofield energy treatment on cotton seeds regarding its growth, germination of seedling, glutathione (GSH) concentration, indole acetic acid (IAA) content and DNA fingerprinting using simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers for polymorphism analysis. The seeds of cotton cv. Stoneville-2 (Gossypium hirsutum L.) was obtained from DNA Land Marks Inc., Canada and divided into two groups. One group was remained as untreated, while the other was subjected to Mr. Trivedi ...


Estimating Health And Economic Gains From Public Health Delivery System Transformation, Glen Mays Nov 2015

Estimating Health And Economic Gains From Public Health Delivery System Transformation, Glen Mays

Glen Mays

Objectives: The Affordable Care Act created new resources and incentives for hospitals, insurers, public health agencies, and others to contribute to disease prevention and health promotion activities, potentially changing the structure of public health delivery systems and expanding the implementation of strategies that improve population health. This study uses data from the 1998-2014 National Longitudinal Survey of Public Health Systems to examine: (1) the extent and nature of change in inter-organizational contributions to public health activities, which we use as indicators of public health system change; and (2) the effects of these changes on preventable mortality and resource use. Methods ...


Understanding The Value Of Multi-Sector Health System Interactions, Glen P. Mays Oct 2015

Understanding The Value Of Multi-Sector Health System Interactions, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

Recent research examines the health and economic value of multi-organizational and multi-sectoral approaches for the delivery of public health services. This presentation examines how data on these multi-organizational delivery systems and their impact can be used to solve collective action problems and stimulate collaborative solutions in public health.


Kentucky's Public Health Strategic Plan: Strengthening Foundational Services & Improving Population Health, Glen P. Mays Oct 2015

Kentucky's Public Health Strategic Plan: Strengthening Foundational Services & Improving Population Health, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

This session examines recent progress toward the 2012 Institute of Medicine recommendation to identify the components and costs of a "minimum package" of public health services and foundational capabilities to be available across the U.S. Research about the health and economic benefits of Foundational Public Health Services has begun to shape Kentucky's strategic plan for transforming the public health system.


Analytic Approaches For Causal Inferences With Complex Multi-Component Interventions: Project Achieve's Study Of Managing Care Transitions, Glen P. Mays Oct 2015

Analytic Approaches For Causal Inferences With Complex Multi-Component Interventions: Project Achieve's Study Of Managing Care Transitions, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

Estimating the causal effects of complex, multi-component health interventions is a task with many challenges in measurement and methodology. This presentation profiles the methods being used as part of the PCORI-funded Project Achieve, a national study to estimate the comparative effectiveness of heterogeneous care transition programs designed to help hospitalized patients and their caregivers navigate care delivery systems effectively and return back to the community with optimal health and wellbeing.


The Medicine Shoppe V. Loretta Lynch: Pharmacists’ Corresponding Responsibility With Physicians Under Dea Interpretation Of The “Legitimate Medical Purpose” Standard, Jeffrey C. Grass Jd, Ms, Aclm Oct 2015

The Medicine Shoppe V. Loretta Lynch: Pharmacists’ Corresponding Responsibility With Physicians Under Dea Interpretation Of The “Legitimate Medical Purpose” Standard, Jeffrey C. Grass Jd, Ms, Aclm

Jeffrey C. Grass JD, MS, ACLM

The Medicine Shoppe v. Loretta Lynch et al. 14-1223 will assist pharmacists and pharmacy owners in understanding their duties “corresponding responsibility to assure that its prescriptions for controlled substances are issued for a legitimate medical purpose” and “in the practitioner's usual course of professional practice.” In the meantime, pharmacists need to know that they are not immune from administrative, regulatory or criminal prosecution under the CSA solely due to their status. Rather, they are expected to dispense drugs for the bona fide treatment of a patient's disease. Under this regime, he or she must exercise sound professional judgment ...


Guidelines For Physician-Assisted Suicide, Raphael Cohen-Almagor Oct 2015

Guidelines For Physician-Assisted Suicide, Raphael Cohen-Almagor

raphael cohen-almagor

This paper proposes a set of guidelines for physician-assisted suicide (PAS). This set of guidelines integrates pertinent guidelines that were adopted in Oregon, where physician-assisted suicide is legal, in the Netherlands and Belgium where euthanasia is legal, in Switzerland where assisted suicide is practiced, and in the Northern Territory of Australia, where physician-assisted suicide was legal for a short period of time.


Guidelines For Physician-Assisted Suicide, Raphael Cohen-Almagor Oct 2015

Guidelines For Physician-Assisted Suicide, Raphael Cohen-Almagor

raphael cohen-almagor

This paper proposes a set of guidelines for physician-assisted suicide (PAS). This set of guidelines integrates pertinent guidelines that were adopted in Oregon, where physician-assisted suicide is legal, in the Netherlands and Belgium where euthanasia is legal, in Switzerland where assisted suicide is practiced, and in the Northern Territory of Australia, where physician-assisted suicide was legal for a short period of time.


Trends In Health Care Delivery Systems: Implications For Cancer Prevention And Control, Glen P. Mays Sep 2015

Trends In Health Care Delivery Systems: Implications For Cancer Prevention And Control, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

The Affordable Care Act and larger economic forces are leading both health care providers and public health agencies to renegotiate their roles and responsibilities within the U.S. health system. This session reviews major changes occurring in both health care and public health delivery systems, with a focus on the implications for cancer prevention and control. The information infrastructure created by cancer registries and other health information systems are increasingly important for enabling greater coordination, alignment and accountability within the nation's changing delivery systems.


The Impact Of A Cultural Immersion Study Abroad Experience In Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shelley Flippen Conroy, Helen M. Sep 2015

The Impact Of A Cultural Immersion Study Abroad Experience In Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shelley Flippen Conroy, Helen M.

Shelley Flippen Conroy

Study abroad programs have increased dramatically. Most programs are short-term and include a cultural immersion as well as classroom and/or service learning. In this article, the authors discuss a study abroad program to China that included cultural immersion and classroom learning specific to traditional Chinese medicine. Participants kept journals with specific writing assignments and reflections about their experiences during the trip. At the conclusion of the trip, a qualitative survey was administered to the participants. Outcomes included the benefits of cultural immersion and a greater appreciation of cultural diversity, complementary and alternative medicine and holistic health care. Participants were ...


The National Health Security Preparedness Index: Proposed Updates For 2015-16, Glen P. Mays Sep 2015

The National Health Security Preparedness Index: Proposed Updates For 2015-16, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) initiated development of the National Health Security Preparedness Index in 2012 to create a platform for measuring the nation’s progress in preparing for, responding to, and recovering from disasters and other large-scale emergencies that pose risks to health and well-being in the United States. As a measurement tool, the Index is designed to summarize levels of preparedness achieved within individual states and for the nation as a whole. This session summarizes proposed updates to the Index for 2015-16 that are designed to improve the validity and reliability of Index ...


Improving The National Health Security Preparedness Index: Recommended Updates For 2015-16, Glen P. Mays Aug 2015

Improving The National Health Security Preparedness Index: Recommended Updates For 2015-16, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

This report describes proposed updates in methodology and measures for the 2015-16 release of the National Health Security Preparedness Index


Using Research And Roi To Drive Partnerships In Public Health Delivery Systems, Glen P. Mays Aug 2015

Using Research And Roi To Drive Partnerships In Public Health Delivery Systems, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

Stimulating public-private partnerships (PPP) for health and economic development initiatives requires research that can answer key questions: (1) what are the health and economic returns likely to be realized; (2) over what time frames and with what certainty; (3) what investments are required to achieve results; and (4) what are the implementation strategies most likely to succeed. This presentation reviews ongoing research on the PPPs used to deliver public health services in the U.S., and explores the lessons this research offers PPPs in low and middle income countries. We examine how scientific evidence on public health delivery systems and ...


Estimating Patient-Centered And Community-Centered Treatment Effects: Examples From Medical Care And Public Health, Glen P. Mays Aug 2015

Estimating Patient-Centered And Community-Centered Treatment Effects: Examples From Medical Care And Public Health, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

Health services researchers face growing clinical and policy imperatives for estimating how the effectiveness of medical and public health interventions vary across patients, population groups, and community settings. Recent advances in local instrumental variables estimation techniques allow for the estimation of person-specific and community-specific treatment effects in the presence of unobserved heterogeneity. This presentation explores examples from both medicine and public health following the local IV methods developed by Basu et al. (2013).


Foundational Public Health Services And Health System Reform: Evidence, Economics, And Implementation, Glen P. Mays Aug 2015

Foundational Public Health Services And Health System Reform: Evidence, Economics, And Implementation, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

The Institute of Medicine's 2012 report on public health financing recommended a national initiative to identify the components and costs of a "minimum package" of public health programs and infrastructure that should be available in every U.S. community. In response, efforts are now underway to reach consensus on a set of "Foundational Public Health Services" for the nation, and to identify resource requirements for implementing these services. This presentation reviews existing research on the current availability of Foundational Public Health Services across the U.S. and the health and economic effects attributable to these services. We also review ...


Milna Bubur Bayi Organik, Mpasi Terbaik Untuk Si Kecil, Rosdiana Diana Basri Aug 2015

Milna Bubur Bayi Organik, Mpasi Terbaik Untuk Si Kecil, Rosdiana Diana Basri

Rosdiana Diana Basri

Bunda memerlukan informasi tentang makanan pendamping ASI yang tepat untuk Si Kecil? Anda sedang membaca informasi yang benar, dan kami sarankan untuk memilih Milna Bubur Bayi Organik, MPASI Terbaik Untuk Si Kecil, Mengapa? Baca lebih lanjut yuk ...!


Fundamentals Of Economic Evaluation For Public Health, Glen P. Mays Aug 2015

Fundamentals Of Economic Evaluation For Public Health, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

This workshop provides an overview of the design and implementation of economic evaluation studies of public health programs and policies. Strategies for integrating economic evaluation principles, measurement strategies, analytic approaches, and results into the routine operations of public health agencies are examined.


Is It A Rheumatological Disease?, Richard A. Pascucci Aug 2015

Is It A Rheumatological Disease?, Richard A. Pascucci

Richard A. Pascucci

No abstract provided.


Antimicrobial Susceptibility Pattern And Biochemical Characteristics Of Staphylococcus Aureus: Impact Of Bio Field Treatment, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Shrikant Patil, Harish Shettigar, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana Jul 2015

Antimicrobial Susceptibility Pattern And Biochemical Characteristics Of Staphylococcus Aureus: Impact Of Bio Field Treatment, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Shrikant Patil, Harish Shettigar, Sambhu Charan Mondal, Snehasis Jana

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Study background: Staphylococci are widespread in nature, mainly found on the skin and mucous membranes.Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is the key organism for food poisoning due to massive production of heat stable exotoxins. The current study was attempted to investigate the effect of biofield treatment on antimicrobial susceptibility pattern and biochemical characteristics of S. aureus (ATCC 25923).
Methods: S. aureus cells were procured from MicroBioLogics in sealed packs bearing the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC 25923) number and stored according to the recommended storage protocols until needed for experiments. Revived and lyophilized state of ATCC strains of S. aureus ...


Medicaid Crowd-Out Of Other Public Health Spending: Modeling Economic And Health Effects, Glen P. Mays Jul 2015

Medicaid Crowd-Out Of Other Public Health Spending: Modeling Economic And Health Effects, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

MOTIVATION: Thirty states are expanding Medicaid eligibility under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) as of 2015, and while federal funds cover most costs for newly eligible recipients, states must share the additional costs of covering previously-eligible state residents who enroll in Medicaid. States, together with their local government counterparts, also provide the vast majority (87%) of public sector funds for public health programs designed to promote health and prevent disease and injury on a population-wide basis. Fiscal constraints and generous federal matching funds create strong budgetary incentives for states to channel their health-related spending to Medicaid rather than to other ...


Evaluation Of The Impact Of Biofield Treatment On Physical And Thermal Properties Of Casein Enzyme Hydrolysate And Casein Yeas T Peptone, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi Jul 2015

Evaluation Of The Impact Of Biofield Treatment On Physical And Thermal Properties Of Casein Enzyme Hydrolysate And Casein Yeas T Peptone, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

In the present study, the influence of biofield treatment on physical and thermal properties of Casein Enzyme Hydrolysate (CEH) and Casein Yeast Peptone (CYP) were investigated. The control and treated samples were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Thermo Gravimetric Analysis (TGA), particle size and surface area analysis. The FTIR results revealed that biofield treatment has caused reduction of amide group (amide-I and amide-II) stretching vibration peak that is associated with strong intermolecular hydrogen bonding in treated CEH as compared to control. However, no significant changes were observed in FTIR spectrum of treated CYP. The ...


Public Health Metrics: Key Considerations And Criteria For Food Safety Modernization, Glen P. Mays Jun 2015

Public Health Metrics: Key Considerations And Criteria For Food Safety Modernization, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

Robust measures of public health impact are needed to guide implementation of the U.S. Food Safety Modernization Act. This session describes strategies used in the field of public health services research to specify and select measures based on considerations of relevance, tractability, attribution, precision, and feasibility.


Using Network Analysis To Understand Public Health Delivery Systems & Community Health Initiatives, Glen P. Mays Jun 2015

Using Network Analysis To Understand Public Health Delivery Systems & Community Health Initiatives, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

The increasingly connected world of health care delivery relies on an expanding frontier of multi-stakeholder structures and processes, from interdisciplinary patient-centered care teams, to virtual accountable care organizations (ACOs), to complex community-level interventions. This session highlights recent advances in applying social network analysis (SNA) methods to study the implementation and impact of these types of innovations. This methods workshop examines the benefits and limits of novel SNA applications based on the expanding availability of large, linkable electronic clinical and administrative data sources with dependent data structures. This paper profiles examples of using SNA principles and methods to study the implementation ...