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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Eta Sigma Gamma - Georgia Southern University Chapter: Breast Cancer Awareness Health Communication Plan, Jill Johns, Omolola Okunromade Apr 2022

Eta Sigma Gamma - Georgia Southern University Chapter: Breast Cancer Awareness Health Communication Plan, Jill Johns, Omolola Okunromade

Eagle Showcase: Excellence in Service-Learning

The health communication plan was used to evaluate public health communication and advocacy promotion by efficiently increasing awareness about breast health and preventive services such as mammography screening among college students and women eligible for breast cancer screening. The communication plan was targeted towards empowering the Georgia Southern University chapter of Eta Sigma Gamma (ESG) members and other college students to act as health advocates by virtually disseminating information through the Facebook platform to their peer groups and social networks including friends and families in their community.

The purposes of the program evaluation and implementation measurement were to: 1) monitor ...


A New Way Of Learning: Student Revelations From A Sport Development Service-Learning Course, Deondra E. Johnson Apr 2022

A New Way Of Learning: Student Revelations From A Sport Development Service-Learning Course, Deondra E. Johnson

Eagle Showcase: Excellence in Service-Learning

No abstract provided.


College Of Public Heath News, Georgia Southern University Apr 2022

College Of Public Heath News, Georgia Southern University

Public Health, Jiann-Ping Hsu College of - News

  • The Office of Advising Selects 2021-22 Outstanding Advisors
  • Georgia Southern Recognizes Exemplary Donors at 2022 Gratitude Gala


College Of Health Professions News, Georgia Southern University Apr 2022

College Of Health Professions News, Georgia Southern University

Waters College of Health Professions News

  • Improving Fitness in Georgia Police


Association Between Serum Lycopene And Lung Cancer Mortality: An 18-Year Follow-Up Study Of A National Cohort, Evans Afriyie-Gyawu, Padmini Shankar, Gulzar H. Shah, Alicia A. Brown, Shannon Cearley, Akwasi Ampofo-Yeboah, Nathaniel Abrams, Jian Zhang Mar 2022

Association Between Serum Lycopene And Lung Cancer Mortality: An 18-Year Follow-Up Study Of A National Cohort, Evans Afriyie-Gyawu, Padmini Shankar, Gulzar H. Shah, Alicia A. Brown, Shannon Cearley, Akwasi Ampofo-Yeboah, Nathaniel Abrams, Jian Zhang

Health Policy and Community Health Faculty Publications

Background: Lycopene is a carotenoid found in some fruits and vegetables that is responsible for the red pigment in tomatoes and tomato products. While many studies have shown a link between lycopene and protection against the initiation and/or progression of lung cancer, data on its effect on lung cancer survivability is limited.

Objective: The primary objective of this study was to see if there was a link between lycopene levels in the blood and lung cancer mortality. A secondary goal was to see if dietary factors influence lycopene levels in the blood.

Materials and Methods: A retrospective cohort study ...


Implementation Of Community-Based Trauma-Sensitive Yoga Program For Youth With Complex Trauma, Vira Salzburn, Kierstin Graham Mar 2022

Implementation Of Community-Based Trauma-Sensitive Yoga Program For Youth With Complex Trauma, Vira Salzburn, Kierstin Graham

National Youth Advocacy and Resilience Conference

This presentation will discuss the implementation and scale-up of an evidence-based Trauma-Sensitive Yoga (TSY) program as a part of a larger community-wide safety and resilience-building effort. It will explain the effectiveness of TSY interventions for both clinical and non-clinical populations and highlight the physical, mental, emotional, and social benefits of a modified yoga practice for youth and young adults with complex trauma.


Trauma In The Classroom, Dr. Kaylin Coody Coody Mar 2022

Trauma In The Classroom, Dr. Kaylin Coody Coody

National Youth Advocacy and Resilience Conference

When looking at recent literature, it's clear that many students currently in school have experienced various levels of trauma, negatively impacting the social, emotional and academic progress. This session will review these specifics, with attendees have an understanding of trauma and strategies to support students in need.


College Of Public Heath News, Georgia Southern University Mar 2022

College Of Public Heath News, Georgia Southern University

Public Health, Jiann-Ping Hsu College of - News

  • High School Students Dive into Public Health, One of the Nation's Top Fields of Study, At Georgia Southern Institute This Summer


College Of Health Professions News, Georgia Southern University Mar 2022

College Of Health Professions News, Georgia Southern University

Waters College of Health Professions News

  • Guest Speaker: Dr. Hillary McBride


College Of Health Professions News, Georgia Southern University Feb 2022

College Of Health Professions News, Georgia Southern University

Waters College of Health Professions News

  • WCHP Establishes the Waters College Advisory Board


College Of Public Heath News, Georgia Southern University Jan 2022

College Of Public Heath News, Georgia Southern University

Public Health, Jiann-Ping Hsu College of - News

  • Georgia Southern Professor Awarded Grant, Tests New Technology to Curb Exposure to Carcinogenic Dust Particles on Construction Sites


College Of Health Professions News, Georgia Southern University Jan 2022

College Of Health Professions News, Georgia Southern University

Waters College of Health Professions News

  • Georgia Southern establishes Center for Rehabilitation and Independent Living


College Of Health Professions News, Georgia Southern University Jan 2022

College Of Health Professions News, Georgia Southern University

Waters College of Health Professions News

  • Georgia Southern Establishes Center for Rehabilitation and Independent Living


Characteristics And Regions Of Hospital Locations And The Risk Of Postpartum Hemorrhage., Zahra Shahin Jan 2022

Characteristics And Regions Of Hospital Locations And The Risk Of Postpartum Hemorrhage., Zahra Shahin

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Background: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is one of the contributing factors to maternal morbidity and mortality that in addition to maternal risk factors, may be related to other factors such as obstetric practice and clinical management of postpartum hemorrhage. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the association of postpartum hemorrhage with characteristics and regions of hospital locations across the United States, as the outcomes may create opportunities to improve policies and protocols regarding PPH management more effectively. Method: A retrospective study was performed using the 2018 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database. Low-risk delivery hospitalizations involving the third stage of labor with ...


Barriers And Facilitators To Conducting Physical Activity Interventions In Children's Camps, Silvia Q. Giraudo, Jordan Merideth, Barbara M. Grossman Jan 2022

Barriers And Facilitators To Conducting Physical Activity Interventions In Children's Camps, Silvia Q. Giraudo, Jordan Merideth, Barbara M. Grossman

Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association

Background: Previous research has sought to uncover various behavior factors that contribute to childhood physical activity, but have primarily relied on quantitative methods or within the context of schools. Summer day camps offered potential for increasing activity of youth, but research is required to determine how best to convert camp activity into outreach interventions.

Methods: The University of Georgia Institutional Review Board (IRB) approved all methods and procedures prior to the start of the study (STUDY00004692, MOD00005513). A total of 112 campers ages 9-13 participated in the data collection. This research used semi-structured interviews, surveys, and observations to explore campers ...


Role Of Community-Level Health Behaviors And Social Determinants Of Health In Preventable Hospitalizations, Elizabeth Ayangunna, Kingsley A. Kalu, Gulzar H. Shah Jan 2022

Role Of Community-Level Health Behaviors And Social Determinants Of Health In Preventable Hospitalizations, Elizabeth Ayangunna, Kingsley A. Kalu, Gulzar H. Shah

Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association

Background

Hospitalizations contribute significantly to the country’s health expenditures. There are factors in addition to clinical care that determines whether a community can prevent hospitalizations from certain medical conditions.

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explain the role of community-level health behaviors and social determinants of health (SDoH) in preventable hospitalizations.

Methods

This study used secondary data from the 2021 County Health Rankings for 8 states in HHS Region 4--Georgia, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, and Tennessee. Descriptive analyses and multivariate linear regression were computed to examine the association between the dependent variable- preventable ...


Epidemiological Models, Parameters, And Prediction Of The Covid-19 Outbreak In A Southwest Georgia Hotspot, Daniel F. Linder, William M. Sewell Iii, Jack D. Owens, Jim Franklin, Mark Miller, Casey Newton, Priyank Shah Jan 2022

Epidemiological Models, Parameters, And Prediction Of The Covid-19 Outbreak In A Southwest Georgia Hotspot, Daniel F. Linder, William M. Sewell Iii, Jack D. Owens, Jim Franklin, Mark Miller, Casey Newton, Priyank Shah

Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association

Background: We investigate epidemiological models, their parameters, and the models’ predictive performance of daily new cases during the first three weeks of the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak in a southwest Georgia hotspot.

Methods: We fit stochastic versions of the classical SIR, a network-based SIR, an SEIR model with two different priors on the latent period rate parameter, and a simple doubling time model to SARS-CoV-2 patients’ date of hospital admission and length of symptoms data from the Phoebe Putney Health System.

Results: The estimated basic reproductive numbers and 95% Bayesian credible intervals for each of the models were: 1.98 (1.63 ...


Addressing Maternal Mental Health Among Black Perinatal Women In Atlanta, Georgia: A Cbpr Approach, Natalie Hernandez Jan 2022

Addressing Maternal Mental Health Among Black Perinatal Women In Atlanta, Georgia: A Cbpr Approach, Natalie Hernandez

Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association

Background: Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) are the most common complication of pregnancy, affecting up to 1 in 5 childbearing women, with higher rates among low-income minority women. One in seven women suffer from perinatal depression. This study aimed to (1) assess the mental and emotional health challenges of underserved Black perinatal women in Atlanta, Georgia (GA) and (2) examine local priorities and sources of care for mental health among underserved women in Atlanta, GA.

Methods: A community-based participatory research partnership between Morehouse School of Medicine (MSM) and the Center for Black Women’s Wellness (CBWW)’s Atlanta Healthy ...


An Analysis Of Georgia Mothers Who Gave Birth In 2015 And 2016 Without Receiving Prenatal Care, Joncel Stephens, Shanta R. Dube, Merrilee Gober Jan 2022

An Analysis Of Georgia Mothers Who Gave Birth In 2015 And 2016 Without Receiving Prenatal Care, Joncel Stephens, Shanta R. Dube, Merrilee Gober

Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association

Background: The present study characterizes the population of women residing in the state of Georgia who did not receive prenatal care before giving birth to a live infant. The association between mother’s place of residence (rural/non-rural) and preterm delivery was also examined.

Methods: This study examined data obtained from the Georgia Department of Public Health which includes data for 7,062 mothers who did not receive prenatal care before giving birth to a live infant in Georgia in the years 2015 and 2016. Data on the resulting births was also studied. Descriptive analyses of the following variables were ...


Can Mini Grant Programs Address Community Health Improvement Plans In Rural Areas? A Local Evaluation, Kelley Ditzel, Cameron Watts Jan 2022

Can Mini Grant Programs Address Community Health Improvement Plans In Rural Areas? A Local Evaluation, Kelley Ditzel, Cameron Watts

Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association

Background: In the rural community of Hancock County, Georgia, it became apparent in the summer of 2017 that outside help was necessary to address the failing health and education problems plaguing this area. The North Central Health District received Healthcare Georgia Foundation grant leading to the creation of the Hancock Health Improvement Partnership (HHIP) composed of 11 community leaders who developed the Community Health Improvement Plan to positively impact their county.

Methods: This evaluation was conducted to report the efficacy of the mini grant program developed by the HHIP, particularly how grants could best improve organizational capacity, incentivize community collaborations ...


Selective Participation In Syphilis Partner Services And Implications For Control Efforts, Fulton County, Georgia, 2013-2015, Sarah Hamid, Udodirim N. Onwubiko, David P. Holland, Allison T. Chamberlain Jan 2022

Selective Participation In Syphilis Partner Services And Implications For Control Efforts, Fulton County, Georgia, 2013-2015, Sarah Hamid, Udodirim N. Onwubiko, David P. Holland, Allison T. Chamberlain

Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association

Background. Partner services is an important component of syphilis control, but not all persons with syphilis participate, limiting the strategy’s potential effectiveness and possibly introducing selection biases into analyses of risk factors for reinfection. This study aimed to describe demographic and clinical differences between partner-services participants and non-participants in Fulton County, Georgia, and to assess the association between participation and syphilis re-diagnosis.

Methods. Using surveillance data, we identified primary and secondary syphilis cases in Fulton County with a first diagnosis in 2013-2015. We compared the distributions of demographic and clinical characteristics between participants and non-participants using chi-squared tests. We ...


Elderly Educated Blacks And The Influence Of Exercise Identity, Self-Determination, And Social Determinants Of Health On Physical Activity, George Leonard Shaw Jr., Miles Anthony Irving Jan 2022

Elderly Educated Blacks And The Influence Of Exercise Identity, Self-Determination, And Social Determinants Of Health On Physical Activity, George Leonard Shaw Jr., Miles Anthony Irving

Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association

ABSTRACT:

Background: This study examined the influence of socio-economic status (SES), exercise self-definition, and self-determination variables on physical activity participation among African American retirees.

Methods: Both African American men and women, of at least 60 years of age, were surveyed. All participants lived independently. The data collected included demographic, Godin Leisure-Time Physical Activity Questionnaire (LTPA), Exercise Self-Definition Questionnaire (ESD), Behavioral Regulations Exercise Questionnaire-2 (BREQ-2), and Basic Psychological Needs Satisfaction in Exercise Scale (BPNES). The findings and analysis were conducted using data from149 participants.

Results: Only gender was a statistically significant predictor of physical activity participation in the study. Based on ...


Barriers To Hiv Related Services Among Men Who Have Sex With Men (Msm) In Rural Georgia, Jordan D. Helms, Alvin Tran, Neal Carnes, Eric J. Nehl Jan 2022

Barriers To Hiv Related Services Among Men Who Have Sex With Men (Msm) In Rural Georgia, Jordan D. Helms, Alvin Tran, Neal Carnes, Eric J. Nehl

Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association

Background: Gay, bisexual, and men who have sex with men (MSM) living in the Southeastern United States are at high risk of contracting HIV, and those in rural communities experience challenges in accessing HIV prevention and treatment.

Methods: Seven health care workers and 17 MSM in rural health care districts participated in semi-structured interviews. A theory-informed thematic analysis approach was used to summarize and compare perspectives between health care workers and MSM participants.

Results: Stigma, insufficient resources, and social structures of rural life emerged as barriers to accessing HIV-related services

Conclusions: Overcoming these barriers are necessary to reduce HIV infection ...


College Students’ Perceptions Of Anxiety And Coping: Physical Activity Versus Alcohol Use, John M. Neville Jan 2022

College Students’ Perceptions Of Anxiety And Coping: Physical Activity Versus Alcohol Use, John M. Neville

Honors College Theses

Anxiety is likely to impact every single person in the world. It can, at times, be advantageous; however, at other times, it can be crippling. There is not a consensus as to its cause. But, through years of research it has been discovered it results from structural and chemical changes within the brain. It is believed these changes contribute largely to the development of anxiety. Other factors such as stressors, trauma, and substance abuse may exacerbate anxiety and accelerate its development. This has prompted researchers, scientists, and clinicians to explore ways in which individuals may cope with this condition. For ...


An Examination Of Hierarchical Leisure Constraint Effects On Sport Participation And Sport Preference From Adolescence Into Early Adulthood, Crystal A. Fields Jan 2022

An Examination Of Hierarchical Leisure Constraint Effects On Sport Participation And Sport Preference From Adolescence Into Early Adulthood, Crystal A. Fields

Honors College Theses

The aim of this study was to understand how hierarchical leisure constraints prohibited sport participation and influenced sport preferences during individuals’ adolescent years, and how these constraint effects may change during their early twenties. A sequential quantitative-qualitative mixed methods design was employed to (1) identify general changes in constraint effects on participation (i.e., quantitative) and then (2) better understand how sport preferences may be impacted by these constraint effects on participation (i.e., qualitative). A sample (n=70) of female (n= 26) and male (n=44) Georgia residents between the ages of 20-25 representing various ethnicities, backgrounds, and income ...


Development Of Normative Values For The Single Leg Bridge Endurance Test, True A. Gane Jan 2022

Development Of Normative Values For The Single Leg Bridge Endurance Test, True A. Gane

Honors College Theses

The aim of this study is to determine the duration of time a healthy individual could hold a single-leg bridge. There is a lack of research on the amount of time a healthy individual should be capable of maintaining the correct form of this exercise, which is part of the special testing of the lumbar spine. The goal of this research was to give physical therapists a baseline for their patients during rehabilitation. This study recruited 35 healthy individuals between the ages of 18 and 60 to participate. The participants were asked to complete a general health questionnaire, and anyone ...


The Anxiety, Depression, And Perceived Stress Levels Of Hospice Care Personnel In Georgia, Emily Bauman Jan 2022

The Anxiety, Depression, And Perceived Stress Levels Of Hospice Care Personnel In Georgia, Emily Bauman

Honors College Theses

Working in hospice comes with a variety of unique tasks and stressors that other jobs typically do not require. While this workplace stress can act as a catalyst, too much can be threatening to an individual’s mental state and life in general. Moreover, anxiety and depression can be detrimental to an individual’s life and career. Research has shown positive correlations between stress, anxiety, and depression. The purpose of this study is to use quantitative measures to examine the anxiety, depression, and perceived stress levels of hospice care professionals in Georgia. 12 hospice care workers were quantitatively surveyed regarding ...


Social Media’S Impact On One’S Mental, Physical, And Emotional Well-Being, Alexandria J. Shearer Jan 2022

Social Media’S Impact On One’S Mental, Physical, And Emotional Well-Being, Alexandria J. Shearer

Honors College Theses

Social media is widely used in users’ daily lives and is deeply embedded in the world of technology. Cellular devices and their applications have shown primarily negative effects on individuals’ lives. Studies have shown a lower self-esteem in young adults addicted to their smartphone (Aznar-Díaz, et al., et al. 2020). Another study highlighted the reactions to creating one’s own content versus the implications of consuming content. Individuals who created more than they consumed reported a higher level of self-esteem (Hygen, et al., 2021). While there were many studies regarding social media and wellness of young adults, there were gaps ...


Narrative Review - Optimal Occupational Therapy Experience, Kaylee G. Clay Jan 2022

Narrative Review - Optimal Occupational Therapy Experience, Kaylee G. Clay

Honors College Theses

This narrative review examines factors associated with optimal occupational therapy experiences, including patient perspectives of occupational therapy, cost-effectiveness, use of practices, organization, and patient involvement/experiences. The information found within this review provides information to those interested in creating the most optimal experiences for their occupational therapy patients.


Kinesiophobia Effects On Returning To Sports Following Shoulder Injuries, Haley Burke Jan 2022

Kinesiophobia Effects On Returning To Sports Following Shoulder Injuries, Haley Burke

Honors College Theses

Kinesiophobia is a condition in which patients experience an excessive, irrational, and often debilitating fear of movement or physical activity that results in a feeling of vulnerability in which they believe movement will cause painful (re)injury. There is limited research on the effects of kinesiophobia in athletes who suffered shoulder injuries, so the purpose of our research was to examine kinesiophobia effects in adult male baseball players who returned to sport following a shoulder injury. We hypothesized the presence of kinesiophobia and tried to measure its degree level using the 11-item Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK-11) to assess fear ...