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Blood Flow Restriction Therapy: A Review Of Physiology, Clinical Application, And Guidelines For Implementation, Nathan Schuliger Apr 2024

Blood Flow Restriction Therapy: A Review Of Physiology, Clinical Application, And Guidelines For Implementation, Nathan Schuliger

Senior Honors Theses

Blood flow restriction (BFR) therapy is an emerging clinical modality utilizing the metabolic stress of a hypoxic state to induce hypertrophic and strength adaptations in a manner allowing for reduced external loading. BFR has a variety of applications in rehabilitation settings, showing great potential for patients seeking the benefits of high intensity training without the associated degrees of mechanical stress. This literature review details the proposed mechanisms of BFR, along with various clinical applications of BFR including active and aerobic BFR. Concerns and contraindications for BFR usage are discussed regarding certain clinical populations, with risk stratification recommendations provided. Current BFR …


Effects Of Two Exercise Programs On Neck Proprioception In Patients With Chronic Neck Pain: A Preliminary Randomized Clinical Trial, Leila Rahnama, Mark Daniel Geil Sep 2023

Effects Of Two Exercise Programs On Neck Proprioception In Patients With Chronic Neck Pain: A Preliminary Randomized Clinical Trial, Leila Rahnama, Mark Daniel Geil

Faculty and Research Publications

Background: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of specific neck muscle training and general neck-shoulder exercises on neck proprioception, pain, and disability in patients with chronic non-specific neck pain. Methods: Twenty-five patients with chronic non-specific neck pain were recruited into this preliminary single-blinded randomized clinical trial. They were randomly assigned to either a specific neck exercise (n = 13, mean aged 24 years) or a general neck exercise group (n = 12, mean aged 25 years). Specific neck exercises included eye-head coordination and isometric deep neck muscle exercises. General neck exercises included neck and shoulder free …


Identification Of Potential Non-Invasive Biomarkers In Diastrophic Dysplasia, Chiara Paganini, Ricki S. Carroll, Chiara Gramegna Tota, Andrea J. Schelhaas, Alessandra Leone, Angela L. Duker, David A. O'Connell, Ryan F. Coghlan, Brian Johnstone, Carlos R. Ferreira, Sabrina Peressini, Riccardo Albertini, Antonella Forlino, Luisa Bonafé, Ana Belinda Campos-Xavier, Andrea Superti-Furga, Andreas Zankl, Antonio Rossi, Michael B. Bober Jul 2023

Identification Of Potential Non-Invasive Biomarkers In Diastrophic Dysplasia, Chiara Paganini, Ricki S. Carroll, Chiara Gramegna Tota, Andrea J. Schelhaas, Alessandra Leone, Angela L. Duker, David A. O'Connell, Ryan F. Coghlan, Brian Johnstone, Carlos R. Ferreira, Sabrina Peressini, Riccardo Albertini, Antonella Forlino, Luisa Bonafé, Ana Belinda Campos-Xavier, Andrea Superti-Furga, Andreas Zankl, Antonio Rossi, Michael B. Bober

Student Papers, Posters & Projects

Diastrophic dysplasia (DTD) is a recessive chondrodysplasia caused by pathogenic variants in the SLC26A2 gene encoding for a cell membrane sulfate/chloride antiporter crucial for sulfate uptake and glycosaminoglycan (GAG) sulfation. Research on a DTD animal model has suggested possible pharmacological treatment approaches. In view of future clinical trials, the identification of non-invasive biomarkers is crucial to assess the efficacy of treatments. Urinary GAG composition has been analyzed in several metabolic disorders including mucopolysaccharidoses. Moreover, the N-terminal fragment of collagen X, known as collagen X marker (CXM), is considered a real-time marker of endochondral ossification and growth velocity and was studied …


Using Physical Therapy As First Line Treatment For Sciatica Vs. Invasive Intervention, Christina Mohammed Jun 2023

Using Physical Therapy As First Line Treatment For Sciatica Vs. Invasive Intervention, Christina Mohammed

Master of Science in Nursing Family Nurse Practitioner

Sciatica nerve pain affects a large part of the human population. Evaluation by a primary care provider and a referral to physical therapy as first line treatment, may help reduce sciatic nerve pain and result in reduced need for invasive surgical intervention.


Effects Of Creative Movement & Play Based Interventions On Motor Skills Of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Results From A Randomized Controlled Trial, Sharanya Chandu Jun 2023

Effects Of Creative Movement & Play Based Interventions On Motor Skills Of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Results From A Randomized Controlled Trial, Sharanya Chandu

Honors Scholar Theses

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of creative movement, general movement, and seated play interventions on bilateral coordination, balance, and upper limb coordination motor skills of children with autism spectrum disorder.

Methods: This data was collected as a part of a multisite intervention study, Play and Move study, by the University of Connecticut and University of Delaware. Participants were contacted through the SPARK database, UConn Kids, fliers sent to local autism services, schools, community centers and by posting information online or to listservs. Forty-five children agreed to participate in this study and were randomly assigned …


Pne - Lots Of Talk, Superficial Results, Aidan Keller, Michael Ray, Taylor Baugher Apr 2023

Pne - Lots Of Talk, Superficial Results, Aidan Keller, Michael Ray, Taylor Baugher

ASPIRE 2023

A narrative review (NR) of meta-analyses (MA) and systematic reviews (SR) that assess the effectiveness or efficacy of pain neuroscience education (PNE) on various outcome measures in individuals with chronic musculoskeletal (MSK) pain. Systematic searches were conducted on 4 databases. Study selection included MAs and SRs that assessed the effectiveness or efficacy of PNE on CP populations. Quantitative eligibility criteria included randomized controlled trials (RCTs), adults (18+ years of age), English or Spanish speaking individuals, and reporting of chronic pain (persistent or recurrent pain lasting ≥ 3 months). Qualitative eligibility criteria included individuals reporting chronic pain and experienced a PNE …


Lived Experiences Of American Adults Who Survive Covid-19: Implications For Physical Activity And Interpersonal Stress, Linda B. Piacentine, Hannah C. Barbosa, Kristin Haglund, Lauren Opielinski, Sandra K. Hunter, Paula E. Papanek, Marie K. Hoeger Bement, Norah L. Johnson Jan 2023

Lived Experiences Of American Adults Who Survive Covid-19: Implications For Physical Activity And Interpersonal Stress, Linda B. Piacentine, Hannah C. Barbosa, Kristin Haglund, Lauren Opielinski, Sandra K. Hunter, Paula E. Papanek, Marie K. Hoeger Bement, Norah L. Johnson

College of Nursing Faculty Research and Publications

Introduction: The cumulative number of COVID-19 cases has surpassed 579 million globally. Symptoms during and after COVID-19 infection vary from mild cold symptoms to severe multisystem illness. Given the wide range of symptom presentations and complications post COVID-19, the purpose of this study was to describe the lived experience of American adults surviving COVID-19.

Method: This study employed an exploratory qualitative description design. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a sample of 35 individuals, [white (94%), female (71%), mean age = 43.7 years], with proximity to a university in an urban Midwest American city. Interviews occurred between May and …


Cardiac Conditions, Ana Paula Coelho Figueira Freire, Mark R. Elkins Dec 2022

Cardiac Conditions, Ana Paula Coelho Figueira Freire, Mark R. Elkins

All Faculty Scholarship for the College of Education and Professional Studies

This Editorial introduces another of Journal of Physiotherapy’s article collections.These are collections of papers on a particular topic, published in the Journal of Physiotherapy within the past decade and compiled to: facilitate access to important recent findings on the topic; highlight trends in research designs, methods, populations and interventions; and suggest avenues for further research. The studies in this article collection relate to physiotherapy management of cardiac conditions.


Pne – Lots Of Talk, Superficial Results, Aidan Keller, Michael Ray, Taylor Baugher Oct 2022

Pne – Lots Of Talk, Superficial Results, Aidan Keller, Michael Ray, Taylor Baugher

Honors Projects

Objective: A narrative review (NR) of meta-analyses (MA) and systematic reviews (SR) that assess the effectiveness or efficacy of pain neuroscience education (PNE) on various outcome measures in individuals with chronic musculoskeletal (MSK) pain. Methods: This was a mixed methodology review involving systematic searches across 4 databases (PubMed, ScienceDirect, CENTRAL (Cochrane), and Google Scholar). Inclusion criteria stipulated MAs and SRs that assessed the effectiveness or efficacy of PNE on CP population. Quantitative eligibility criteria included randomized controlled trials (RCTs), adults (18+ years of age), English or Spanish speaking individuals, and reporting of chronic pain (persistent or recurrent pain lasting ≥ …


Sickle Cell Disease Chronic Joint Pain: Clinical Assessment Based On Maladaptive Central Nervous System Plasticity, Tiago Da Silva Lopes, Samir K. Ballas, Jamille Evelyn Rodrigues Souza Santana, Pedro De Melo-Carneiro, Lilian Becerra De Oliveira, Katia Nunes Sá, Larissa Conceição Dias Lopes, Wellington Dos Santos Silva, Rita Lucena, Abrahão Fontes Baptista Sep 2022

Sickle Cell Disease Chronic Joint Pain: Clinical Assessment Based On Maladaptive Central Nervous System Plasticity, Tiago Da Silva Lopes, Samir K. Ballas, Jamille Evelyn Rodrigues Souza Santana, Pedro De Melo-Carneiro, Lilian Becerra De Oliveira, Katia Nunes Sá, Larissa Conceição Dias Lopes, Wellington Dos Santos Silva, Rita Lucena, Abrahão Fontes Baptista

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Chronic joint pain (CJP) is among the significant musculoskeletal comorbidities in sickle cell disease (SCD) individuals. However, many healthcare professionals have difficulties in understanding and evaluating it. In addition, most musculoskeletal evaluation procedures do not consider central nervous system (CNS) plasticity associated with CJP, which is frequently maladaptive. This review study highlights the potential mechanisms of CNS maladaptive plasticity related to CJP in SCD and proposes reliable instruments and methods for musculoskeletal assessment adapted to those patients. A review was carried out in the PubMed and SciELO databases, searching for information that could help in the understanding of the mechanisms …


Doctor Of Physical Therapy Students’ Clinical Reasoning Readiness And Confidence Treating With Telehealth: A United States Survey, Derrick F. Campbell, Jean-Michel Brismée, Brad Allen, Troy L. Hooper, Manuel A. Domenech, Kathleen Manella Jun 2022

Doctor Of Physical Therapy Students’ Clinical Reasoning Readiness And Confidence Treating With Telehealth: A United States Survey, Derrick F. Campbell, Jean-Michel Brismée, Brad Allen, Troy L. Hooper, Manuel A. Domenech, Kathleen Manella

Education Collection

Purpose: Telehealth has an emerging footprint on entry-level physical therapy programs. Students’ readiness for clinical reasoning with virtual versus traditional face-to-face treatment remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) students’ preparedness for clinical experiences with and without telehealth.

Methods: A descriptive and exploratory cross-sectional survey was employed, with a voluntary convenience sample of 211 second- and third-year university DPT students during Fall 2020 clinical experiences. Descriptive and inferential statistics evaluated differences in DPT students’ (1) Physical Therapist Self-Efficacy (PTSE) scale scores, (2) confidence with treating initial and subsequent same-patient visits, …


Admission Variables Predict Success In A Hybrid-Online Physical Therapist Education Program, Evan M. Pucillo, Rossniel Marinas, Christine Salmon, Vibhor Agrawal Jan 2022

Admission Variables Predict Success In A Hybrid-Online Physical Therapist Education Program, Evan M. Pucillo, Rossniel Marinas, Christine Salmon, Vibhor Agrawal

Physical Therapy Collection

Purpose: Screening student applicants can be a valuable measure for hybrid-online Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) programs.Institutions embrace a wide variety of measurements that drive admissions decisions. However, uncertainties exist regarding the most accurate admission predictors of academic outcomes, especially among hybrid-online DPT programs. The purpose of this study was to examine predictive relationships between applicants’ admission variables and program grade point average and National Physical Therapy Examination (NPTE) performance in a cohort of entry-level hybrid-online DPT students. Methods: A retrospective cohort design and convenience sampling method was used across two entry-level hybrid-online DPT programs in the Southeastern US. Hybrid-online …


Cardiorespiratory Fitness Is A Risk Factor For Lower-Limb And Back Injury In Law Enforcement Officers Commencing Their Basic Training: A Prospective Cohort Study, Myles C. Murphy, Nicole Merrick, Andrea B. Mosler, Garth Allen, Paola Chivers, Nicolas H. Hart Jan 2022

Cardiorespiratory Fitness Is A Risk Factor For Lower-Limb And Back Injury In Law Enforcement Officers Commencing Their Basic Training: A Prospective Cohort Study, Myles C. Murphy, Nicole Merrick, Andrea B. Mosler, Garth Allen, Paola Chivers, Nicolas H. Hart

Physiotherapy Papers and Journal Articles

We aimed to report the epidemiology of lower-limb and lumbosacral injuries in Police Force recruits. We performed a cohort study of Police Force recruits undergoing a six-month training program with prospective injury data collected between 2018 and 2021. Cardiorespiratory fitness was quantified by the beep-test and police-specific-functional-capacity was quantified using a specifically designed physical performance evaluation (PPE) tool. Injury frequency and prevalence were reported. Fifteen percent (n = 180) of study Police Force recruits (n = 1,181) sustained a lower-limb or lumbosacral injury. The six-month training program significantly improved cardiorespiratory fitness (p < 0.001) and functional capacity (p < 0.001). Increased cardiorespiratory fitness at baseline decreased injury risk (OR = 0.8, 95%CI: 0.66–0.97, p = 0.019). Injury rates decreased over time and females were injured significantly earlier than males (HR = 0.70, 95%CI: 0.52 to 0.95, p = 0.021). Interventions that can pre-condition Police Force recruits prior to the commencement of their basic physical training may reduce the number of lower-limb and lumbosacral injuries.


The Fit-For-Purpose Model: Conceptualizing And Managing Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain As An Information Problem, Benedict M. Wand, Aidan G. Cashin, James H. Mcauley, Matthew K. Bagg, Gemma M. Orange, G. Lorimer Moseley Jan 2022

The Fit-For-Purpose Model: Conceptualizing And Managing Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain As An Information Problem, Benedict M. Wand, Aidan G. Cashin, James H. Mcauley, Matthew K. Bagg, Gemma M. Orange, G. Lorimer Moseley

Physiotherapy Papers and Journal Articles

Chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNSLBP) is a complex and multifaceted problem. The following Perspective Piece tries to help make sense of this complexity by describing a model for the development and maintenance of persistent low back pain that integrates modifiable factors across the biopsychosocial spectrum. The Fit-for-Purpose model (FFPM) posits the view that chronic nonspecific low back pain represents a state in which the person in pain holds strong and relatively intransient internal models of an immutably damaged, fragile, and unhealthy back, and information that supports these models is more available and trustworthy than information that counters them. This …


Physiotherapy For Pain And Disability In Adults With Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (Crps) Types I And Ii, Keith M. Smart, Michael C. Ferraro, Benedict M. Wand, Neil E. O'Connell Jan 2022

Physiotherapy For Pain And Disability In Adults With Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (Crps) Types I And Ii, Keith M. Smart, Michael C. Ferraro, Benedict M. Wand, Neil E. O'Connell

Physiotherapy Papers and Journal Articles

Background: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a painful and disabling condition that usually manifests in response to trauma or surgery and is associated with significant pain and disability. CRPS can be classified into two types: type I (CRPS I) in which a specific nerve lesion has not been identified and type II (CRPS II) where there is an identifiable nerve lesion. Guidelines recommend the inclusion of a variety of physiotherapy interventions as part of the multimodal treatment of people with CRPS. This is the first update of the review originally published in Issue 2, 2016

Objectives: To determine the …


Trust In Human-Robot Interaction Within Healthcare Services: A Review Study, Dedra Townsend, Amirhossein Majidirad Jan 2022

Trust In Human-Robot Interaction Within Healthcare Services: A Review Study, Dedra Townsend, Amirhossein Majidirad

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

There has always been a dilemma of the extent to which human can rely on machines in different activities of daily living. Ranging from riding on a self-driving car to having an iRobot vacuum clean the living room. However, when it comes to healthcare settings where robots are intended to work next to human, making decision gets difficult because repercussions may jeopardize people’s life. That has led scientists and engineers to take one step back and think out of the box. Having concept of trust under scrutiny, this study helps deciphering complex human-robot interaction (HRI) attributes. Screening essential constituents of …


Individual Differences And Transfer Of Visual Anticipation In Expert Female Field Hockey Goalkeepers, Khaya Morris-Binelli, Sean Muller, Fleur E.C.A. Van Rens, Allen G. Harbaugh, Simon M. Rosalie Jan 2022

Individual Differences And Transfer Of Visual Anticipation In Expert Female Field Hockey Goalkeepers, Khaya Morris-Binelli, Sean Muller, Fleur E.C.A. Van Rens, Allen G. Harbaugh, Simon M. Rosalie

Physiotherapy Papers and Journal Articles

Significance: Visual anticipation is vital for performance in several domains such as driving, military, and high-speed interceptive sports, as it enables performers to handle severe time constraints. There has been little investigation into individual differences of anticipation skill transfer within a domain, which can guide training of anticipation to improve performance.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate individual differences in the transfer of anticipation within a domain, specifically anticipation of the field hockey penalty corner drag-flick across different opponents.

Methods: Eight female Australian international and national field hockey goalkeepers participated. Goalkeepers completed female and male opponent penalty …


Icf Linking Of Patient-Reported Therapy Goals For Children With Acquired Upper Extremity Impairment, Jenny M. Dorich, Roger Cornwall, Timothy L. Uhl May 2021

Icf Linking Of Patient-Reported Therapy Goals For Children With Acquired Upper Extremity Impairment, Jenny M. Dorich, Roger Cornwall, Timothy L. Uhl

Physical Therapy Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Patient reported outcome measures are used to evaluate hand therapy outcomes. Yet, limited evidence is available regarding the outcomes children desire from hand therapy.

PURPOSE: To determine the desired treatment outcomes of children with acquired upper extremity impairments.

STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive case series METHODS: Two raters independently applied International Classification of Function, Disability and Health (ICF) linking rules to the Canadian Occupational Performance goals of 151 children, age 6-18, receiving occupational therapy for acquired upper extremity impairments. Prevalence of the linked ICF codes was examined using frequency distributions. Kappa and the proportion of positive agreement assessed inter-rater agreement of …


Placenta-Expanded Stromal Cell Therapy In A Rodent Model Of Simulated Weightlessness, Amber M. Paul, Linda Rubinstein, Charles Houseman, Metadel Abegaz, Steffy Tabares Ruiz Apr 2021

Placenta-Expanded Stromal Cell Therapy In A Rodent Model Of Simulated Weightlessness, Amber M. Paul, Linda Rubinstein, Charles Houseman, Metadel Abegaz, Steffy Tabares Ruiz

Publications

Long duration spaceflight poses potential health risks to astronauts during flight and re-adaptation after return to Earth. There is an emerging need for NASA to provide successful and reliable therapeutics for long duration missions when capability for medical intervention will be limited. Clinically relevant, human placenta-derived therapeutic stromal cells (PLX-PAD) are a promising therapeutic alternative. We found that treatment of adult female mice with PLX-PAD near the onset of simulated weightlessness by hindlimb unloading (HU, 30 d) was well-tolerated and partially mitigated decrements caused by HU. Specifically, PLX-PAD treatment rescued HU-induced thymic atrophy, and mitigated HU-induced changes in percentages of …


Early Mobilization Following Elbow Dislocation And Immobilization, Grant Pheil Mar 2021

Early Mobilization Following Elbow Dislocation And Immobilization, Grant Pheil

Graduate Research Showcase

Early Mobilization following Elbow Dislocation and Immobilization; Pheil G, Georgia College & State University: Milledgeville, GA.

Background: This case presents a 16-year-old male junior high school soccer athlete. His injury occurred during a homecoming kickball game in which he hyperextended his elbow. The hyperextension resulted in an audible popping sound. Differential Diagnosis: There was an obvious deformity and swelling seen at the athlete’s olecranon process and cubital fossa. The athletic trainer identified a dislocation and reduced the humeroulnar joint on the first attempt. The athletes’ parents were immediately contacted, and he was transported to the orthopedist in town. Neurovascular assessments …


Rehabilitation Course Of A Patient With Covid 19 Admitted To The Acute Care Hospital, Katy Blessing Pt, Dpt Dpt, Michael Pechulis Dpt, Julie M. Skrzat Pt Dpt Phd Ccs Feb 2021

Rehabilitation Course Of A Patient With Covid 19 Admitted To The Acute Care Hospital, Katy Blessing Pt, Dpt Dpt, Michael Pechulis Dpt, Julie M. Skrzat Pt Dpt Phd Ccs

Posters

No abstract provided.


The Secret Sauce Is An Engaged Staff...How A Rehabilitation Department Met The Challenges Of Covid 19, Daniel Sawyer Pt, Dpt, Michael Pechulis Dpt, Ryan Vetter Ms-Otr/L, Elizabeth Wetzler,Pt, Mary Loose Pt, Matthew Nelson Pt, Dpt, Ceeaa, Lee Ann Phillips Ms, Otr/L, Julie M. Skrzat Pt Dpt Phd Ccs Feb 2021

The Secret Sauce Is An Engaged Staff...How A Rehabilitation Department Met The Challenges Of Covid 19, Daniel Sawyer Pt, Dpt, Michael Pechulis Dpt, Ryan Vetter Ms-Otr/L, Elizabeth Wetzler,Pt, Mary Loose Pt, Matthew Nelson Pt, Dpt, Ceeaa, Lee Ann Phillips Ms, Otr/L, Julie M. Skrzat Pt Dpt Phd Ccs

Posters

No abstract provided.


Self-Reported Measures Of Training Exposure: Can We Trust Them, And How Do We Select Them?, Myles Murphy, Philip Glasgow, Andrea Britt Mosler Jan 2021

Self-Reported Measures Of Training Exposure: Can We Trust Them, And How Do We Select Them?, Myles Murphy, Philip Glasgow, Andrea Britt Mosler

Physiotherapy Papers and Journal Articles

Editorial


Do People With Unilateral Mid-Portion Achilles Tendinopathy Who Participate In Running-Related Physical Activity Exhibit A Meaningful Conditioned Pain Modulation (Cpm) Effect: A Pilot Study, Myles C. Murphy, Ebonie K. Rio, Paola Chivers, James Debenham, Sean I. Docking, Mervyn Travers, William Gibson Jan 2021

Do People With Unilateral Mid-Portion Achilles Tendinopathy Who Participate In Running-Related Physical Activity Exhibit A Meaningful Conditioned Pain Modulation (Cpm) Effect: A Pilot Study, Myles C. Murphy, Ebonie K. Rio, Paola Chivers, James Debenham, Sean I. Docking, Mervyn Travers, William Gibson

Physiotherapy Papers and Journal Articles

Objectives: Our primary objective was to report the presence of a conditioned pain modulation (CPM) effect in people with localised mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy and whether changes occur over a 12- week period. Our secondary objectives were to quantify the proportion of participants who present for tendinopathy research with previous interventions or co-morbidities, which may impact the CPM-effect and investigate modulating factors.

Design: Prospective, observational cohort pilot study. Method: 215 participants presented for this Achilles tendinopathy research and were screened for inclusion with nine being included. Included participants had the CPM-effect (cold-pressor test) assessed using pressure pain thresholds at the Achilles …


Parent Carer Quality Of Life And Night-Time Attendance In Non-Ambulant Youth With Neuromuscular Disorders, Vivienne Travlos, Shane Patman, Jenny Downs, Dana Hince, Andrew C. Wilson Jan 2021

Parent Carer Quality Of Life And Night-Time Attendance In Non-Ambulant Youth With Neuromuscular Disorders, Vivienne Travlos, Shane Patman, Jenny Downs, Dana Hince, Andrew C. Wilson

Physiotherapy Papers and Journal Articles

Purpose: To describe and explore carer quality of life (QoL) and night-time attendance to their child in parents of non-ambulant youth with Neuromuscular Disorders.

Methods: A cross-sectional population-based, comprehensive survey including the Adult Carer QoL (ACQoL) questionnaire, measures of social context and youths’ physical status. Associations between carerQoL or frequency of parents’ night-time attendance with independent variables were explored using linear and logistic regression models, respectively.

Results: Parents’ perceived lower carer-QoL (mean 76.5/120, SD 18.5) when they attended to their child twice a night or more (n = 17/35) and with shorter time since their child was prescribed noninvasive ventilation …


The Efficacy Of Resistance Training In Addition To Usual Care For Adults With Acute Burn Injury: A Randomised Controlled Trial, Paul M. Gittings, Benedict M. Wand, Dana A. Hince, Tiffany L. Grisbrook, Fiona M. Wood, Dale W. Edgar Jan 2021

The Efficacy Of Resistance Training In Addition To Usual Care For Adults With Acute Burn Injury: A Randomised Controlled Trial, Paul M. Gittings, Benedict M. Wand, Dana A. Hince, Tiffany L. Grisbrook, Fiona M. Wood, Dale W. Edgar

Physiotherapy Papers and Journal Articles

Resistance training immediately after a burn injury has not been investigated previously. This randomised, controlled trial assessed the impact of resistance training on quality of life plus a number of physical, functional and safety outcomes in adults with a burn injury. Patients were randomly assigned to receive, in addition to standard physiotherapy, four weeks of high intensity resistance training (RTG) or sham resistance training (CG) three days per week, commenced within 72h of the burn injury. Outcome data was collected at six weeks, three and six months after burn injury. Quality of life at 6 months was the primary endpoint. …


Do People With Acute Low Back Pain Have An Attentional Bias To Threat-Related Words?, Ian Skinner, Markus Hubscher, Hopin Lee, Adrian C. Traeger, G. Lorimer Moseley, Benedict M. Wand, Sylvia M. Gustin, James H. Mcauley Jan 2021

Do People With Acute Low Back Pain Have An Attentional Bias To Threat-Related Words?, Ian Skinner, Markus Hubscher, Hopin Lee, Adrian C. Traeger, G. Lorimer Moseley, Benedict M. Wand, Sylvia M. Gustin, James H. Mcauley

Physiotherapy Papers and Journal Articles

Objectives: It has been hypothesised that attentional bias to environmental threats can contribute to persistent pain. It is unclear whether people with acute low back pain (LBP) have an attentional bias to environmental threats. We investigated if attentional bias of threat related words is different in people with acute LBP and pain-free controls.

Methods: People with acute LBP and pain-free people completed a free viewing eye tracking task. Participants were simultaneously presented with two words, a threat related word and a neutral control word. Threat related words were general threat, affective pain and sensory pain. We conducted linear mixed models …


Identifying Participants With Knee Osteoarthritis Likely To Benefit From Physical Therapy Education And Exercise: A Hypothesis-Generating Study, So Tanaka, Tomohiko Nishigami, Benedict Martin Wand, Tasha R. Stanton, Akira Mibu, Masami Tokunaga, Takaaki Yoshimoto, Takahiro Ushida Jan 2021

Identifying Participants With Knee Osteoarthritis Likely To Benefit From Physical Therapy Education And Exercise: A Hypothesis-Generating Study, So Tanaka, Tomohiko Nishigami, Benedict Martin Wand, Tasha R. Stanton, Akira Mibu, Masami Tokunaga, Takaaki Yoshimoto, Takahiro Ushida

Physiotherapy Papers and Journal Articles

Background: The purpose of this investigation was to undertake a hypothesis generating study to identify candidate variables that characterize people with knee osteoarthritis who are most likely to experience a positive response to exercise.

Methods: One hundred and fifty participants with knee osteoarthritis participated in this observational, longitudinal study. All participants received a standard exercise intervention that consisted of 20-min sessions two to three times a week for three months. The classification and regression tree methodology (CART) was used to develop prediction of positive clinical outcome. Positive pain and disability outcomes (dependent variables) were defined as an improvement in pain …


Stable Lateral Meniscal Posterior Root Tears Left In Situ At Time Of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Are Of Minimal Long-Term Clinical Detriment, Sarah J. Shumborski, Lucy J. Salmon, Claire I. Monk, Leo A. Pinczewski Jan 2021

Stable Lateral Meniscal Posterior Root Tears Left In Situ At Time Of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Are Of Minimal Long-Term Clinical Detriment, Sarah J. Shumborski, Lucy J. Salmon, Claire I. Monk, Leo A. Pinczewski

Physiotherapy Papers and Journal Articles

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare long-term patient-reported outcomes in patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with untreated stable lateral meniscal posterior root (LMPR) tears to those with an intact meniscus.

Methods: Four hundred ninety-two subjects were followed for a minimum of 15-years posteACL reconstruction and evaluated by an International Knee Documentation Committee questionnaire. The integrity of the meniscus was classified at surgery. Patients were grouped as either untreated injury to LMPR “with stable tear” (WST) group (n ¼ 52) or intact lateral meniscus “no tear” (NT) group (n ¼ 440). WST group included tears where …


What Do People Post On Social Media Relative To Low Back Pain? A Content Analysis Of Australian Data, Edel T. O'Hagan, Adrian C. Traeger, Samantha Bunzli, Hayley B. Leake, Siobhan M. Schabrun, Benedict Wand, Sean O'Neill, Ian A. Harris, James H. Mcauley Jan 2021

What Do People Post On Social Media Relative To Low Back Pain? A Content Analysis Of Australian Data, Edel T. O'Hagan, Adrian C. Traeger, Samantha Bunzli, Hayley B. Leake, Siobhan M. Schabrun, Benedict Wand, Sean O'Neill, Ian A. Harris, James H. Mcauley

Physiotherapy Papers and Journal Articles

Objective: Low back pain is the leading contributor to the global disability burden. The Global Spine Care Initiative (GSCI) recommend patient-centred care to stem the cost of low back pain. One way to enhance patientcentred care is by better understanding what is relevant for people with low back pain. Exploring social media posts about low back pain could offer this insight and provide valuable information for health care professionals to facilitate active participation in patient-centred care.

Methods: We used an inductive content analysis method. In the form of social media posts, data on Twitter and Instagram were collected from June …