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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Effects Of Exercise On Cardiopulmonary Function In Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Jiale Peng, Hong Ren Feb 2023

Effects Of Exercise On Cardiopulmonary Function In Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Jiale Peng, Hong Ren

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep disorder characterized by repeated episodes of apnea and hypopnea during sleep. Snoring and daytime sleepiness are the most common manifestations of OSA. Patients with OSA are considered to have poor cardiopulmonary function. Exercise has been proposed as a treatment for OSA that could lower apnea hypopnea indices (AHI) and improve sleep quality. Study shows that constantly aerobic exercise improved cardiopulmonary function in patients with chronic heart failure. However, whether exercise training will benefit cardiopulmonary functioning in patients with OSA is still in doubt. The purpose of this review is to investigate the …


Influence Of Physical Activity On Heart Rate Variability In Physically Inactive Adults: A Meta-Analysis, Lingsong Kong, Qin Yang Feb 2023

Influence Of Physical Activity On Heart Rate Variability In Physically Inactive Adults: A Meta-Analysis, Lingsong Kong, Qin Yang

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

This meta-analysis aimed to examine the influences of physical activity (PA) interventions on heart rate variability (HRV) among healthy but physically inactive adults aged 18 to 65 years old. PubMed, SPORTDiscus and Web of Science online databases were searched in September 2021. The eligibility criteria were: (1) peer-reviewed articles in English; (2) randomized controlled trials; (3) healthy but physically inactive adults aged 18 to 65 years; (4) at least two-week PA intervention; (5) available frequency domain result. The data were extracted to a pre-designed form. The primary outcome of this study was the frequency domain of HRV, which included natural …


Meta-Analytic Connectivity Modelling Of Healthy Swallowing, Chris R. Tilton Jan 2023

Meta-Analytic Connectivity Modelling Of Healthy Swallowing, Chris R. Tilton

Honors Theses and Capstones

A quantitative, voxel-wise meta-analysis was performed to investigate the brain regions involved in healthy human swallowing. Studies included in the meta-analysis (1) examined water swallowing, saliva swallowing, or both, (2) included healthy, normal subjects, and (3) reported stereotaxic brain activation coordinates in standard space. Following these criteria, a systematic literature review identified 8 studies that met the criteria. An activation likelihood estimation (ALE) meta-analysis and meta-analytic connectivity modelling (MACM) analysis were performed with BrainMap software. Ten clusters with high activation likelihood were found in the bilateral precentral gyri, right insula, left declive, right medial frontal gyrus, right dorsal nucleus of …