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A Longitudinal Look At Student Attitude, Perceived Competence, And Fitness Test Performance Of Elementary Students, Risto Marttinen, Kevin Mercier, Jung Yeon Park, Kelly L. Simonton, Erin Centeio, Kevin Andrew Richards, Kathleen Wilson Feb 2024

A Longitudinal Look At Student Attitude, Perceived Competence, And Fitness Test Performance Of Elementary Students, Risto Marttinen, Kevin Mercier, Jung Yeon Park, Kelly L. Simonton, Erin Centeio, Kevin Andrew Richards, Kathleen Wilson

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

The purpose of this study was to assess relationships between students’ attitudes toward physical education (PE), their perceived competence toward PE, and their fitness test performance, as well as how these relationships change over time. Measurements were conducted with validated instruments across five time points during two school years with fourth and fifth grade students across ten schools (n = 636, 48% = female). This study was developed to address a need for examining how attitudes and perceived competence change over time. Descriptive statistics and latent growth models were run with the variables of interest to investigate four research …


A04: A Pilot Study On The Persistence Of Children's Online Sports Games, Haoye Shen, Xiaozan Wan, Meiyuan Chen, Mengke Kang, Hao Li, Yiang Yuan Feb 2024

A04: A Pilot Study On The Persistence Of Children's Online Sports Games, Haoye Shen, Xiaozan Wan, Meiyuan Chen, Mengke Kang, Hao Li, Yiang Yuan

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: In the post-epidemic era, children's physical activity has decreased sharply, and smart sports at home have gradually emerged, making online sports games an important path for children's sports participation. This pilot study was to explore the persistence of children's online sports game participation through exercise frequency recording and provided guidance for online sports game intervention programs. Methods: A total of 29 primary school children were enrolled, including 24 boys and 5 girls. Participants exercise autonomously through motion software. In this study, the movement of each participant was recorded through the background of the software system and exported to Excel. …


A01: A Pilot Study Of Student Cadres Mental Health At A Sport University During Covid-19, Yuan Yuan, Haijun Han, Hongwei Guan Feb 2024

A01: A Pilot Study Of Student Cadres Mental Health At A Sport University During Covid-19, Yuan Yuan, Haijun Han, Hongwei Guan

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Over 90% of college students have experienced negative mental health symptoms due to the pandemic, according to a survey from BestColleges.com. More than half (54%) of college students believe COVID-19 circumstances have impacted their mental health. Although the pandemic's influence on mental health expanded, not all students have felt its effects to the same degree. Physical activity has been reported to have many physical and mental health benefits. Students at sport universities tend to participate in more sport and physical activity. During the pandemic, student cadres are expected to take more responsibilities such as coordinating COVID-19 tests and interacting …


A10: Analyzing Perceptual Differences Toward Esports Among Students Across Various Educational Levels Of America, Xianhua Luo, Li Chen, Yong Yang, Hui Deng Feb 2024

A10: Analyzing Perceptual Differences Toward Esports Among Students Across Various Educational Levels Of America, Xianhua Luo, Li Chen, Yong Yang, Hui Deng

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Electronic sports (Esports) draw increasing attention in the world and become popular across institutions of American higher education. Scholars in Esports research have explored various findings and discussions related to education, marketing and promotion, organization and management, and sociology and psychology of sport. However, the perceptual differences of Esports participants remain unknown across educational levels across American institutions. The purposes of this study were to examine the perceptual differences toward Esports across educational levels in the United States. Methods: A total of 397 voluntary participates with various education levels took part in a reginal survey in the east coast …


A40: An Experimental Study On The Effect Of Intelligent Motor Intervention On Motor Ability Of Infants With Motor Retardation, Jiayu Zhou, Qinping Xu, Xiaozan Wang Feb 2024

A40: An Experimental Study On The Effect Of Intelligent Motor Intervention On Motor Ability Of Infants With Motor Retardation, Jiayu Zhou, Qinping Xu, Xiaozan Wang

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Early exercise intervention is particularly important for the improvement of motor ability in young children with delayed motor development. In this study, the effect of intelligent exercise online intervention on the motor ability of slow motor development in children aged 3 to 6 years was verified by arranging interesting sports games in the sports APP. Methods: Using the experimental method, interview method and mathematical statistics method, 37 children aged 3-6 years were selected through the motor development questionnaire, and online exercise intervention was carried out around the six themes of balance, coordination, sensitivity, flexibility, jumping and strength. There is …


A68: Volleyball Coaches' Leadership Behaviors And Athletes' Competition Anxiety: A Mediating Effect Of Sport Self-Confidence, Sixu Yi, Ke Wang Feb 2024

A68: Volleyball Coaches' Leadership Behaviors And Athletes' Competition Anxiety: A Mediating Effect Of Sport Self-Confidence, Sixu Yi, Ke Wang

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Volleyball is not only a contest between technical and tactical levels, but also a duel between psychological and tactical aspects. Coaches' leadership behaviors play a key role in athletes' trust, team effectiveness and competition status. Coaches' leadership behaviors, as perceived from the athletes' perspective, have a greater impact on athletes' competition anxiety than the actual leadership behaviors of coaches. The purpose of this study was to examine how athletes perceived the possible role of coaches' leadership behaviors on college men's volleyball players' competition anxiety and the possible mediating effect of athletic self-confidence in it was examined. Methods: 216 athletes …


A73: Associations Of Screen Time Changes With Body Mass Index And Obesity In Chinese Preschoolers, Sunyue Ye Feb 2024

A73: Associations Of Screen Time Changes With Body Mass Index And Obesity In Chinese Preschoolers, Sunyue Ye

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: To understand the longitudinal association of screen time (ST) and its changes on body mass index (BMI) and obesity in Chinese preschool children. Methods: Parents of 735 preschoolers participated in our studies at baseline and were followed up one year interval, in Jiaxing, China. Linear regression models and generalized linear models were used to analyze the prospective association of ST and its changes with BMI and obesity in preschool-aged children. Relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used to describe the effect level of each factor upon BMI and obesity at follow-up. Results: A total of 624 …


A79: Epidemiology Of Athletic Injuries In China College Rock Climbing Athlete, Bingbing Tian, Dehong Gu Feb 2024

A79: Epidemiology Of Athletic Injuries In China College Rock Climbing Athlete, Bingbing Tian, Dehong Gu

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Originating from mountaineering, rock climbing has encountered fresh opportunities for growth since its inclusion in the Olympics, and there is a growing awareness of the associated injury risks. Methods: Using questionnaire survey and mathematical statistics methods, this paper studied the epidemiological characteristics of sports injuries among Chinese college rock-climbing athletes by 6 Chinese university rock-climbing teams. Results: The incidence of sports injury was as high as 87.10%, and the annual incidence of injury was 3.39 times/year. The number of injuries was mainly 1 time (43.55%), and the number of injuries was less in 4 (8.06%;) or 5 times (1.61%). …


A84: Factors Influencing Parents' Intention To Involve Autistic Preschoolers In Outdoor Physical Activities, Hongchang Yang, Xiaoxia Zhang Feb 2024

A84: Factors Influencing Parents' Intention To Involve Autistic Preschoolers In Outdoor Physical Activities, Hongchang Yang, Xiaoxia Zhang

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Outdoor physical activities (OPA) can not only improve the physical fitness and health of autistic preschool children, but also provide an indispensable opportunity for their social learning and interaction. However, parents’ intentions of providing OPA for their autistic children are complex due to reasons such as potential risk. Theory of Planned Behavior(TPB)has conceptualized that attitude (AT), subjective norms (SN), and perceived behavioral control (PBC) are influential factors of behavioral intention. Perceived risk and perceived usefulness are suggested to associate with one’s intention, therefore, the purpose of this study was to test an extended TPB model on parent’s intention of …


A111: Relationship Between Physical Activity And Mental Toughness: A Cross-Sectional Study Among Chinese College Students, Ke Wang, Jiaju Hu Feb 2024

A111: Relationship Between Physical Activity And Mental Toughness: A Cross-Sectional Study Among Chinese College Students, Ke Wang, Jiaju Hu

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Physical activity has favorable impacts on exercisers' stress levels, psychological distress and anxiety, emotional regulation, and mental wellness. In recent years, the global outbreak of COVID-19 has subtly altered college students' lifestyles. Studies have shown that the physical and mental health of students has deteriorated dramatically, which is alarming. Mental toughness refers to the ability to adapt well in the face of major pressures, setbacks, and adversity in life. The purpose of the present study was to examine variations in mental toughness depending on the intensity, length, and frequency of physical activity. Methods: A total of 3,120 Chinese college …


A115: Revision Of The Chinese Version Of Physical Self-Description Questionnaire-Short For Middle School Students, Ruijin Wang, Xiaoling Yang, Liu Ji Feb 2024

A115: Revision Of The Chinese Version Of Physical Self-Description Questionnaire-Short For Middle School Students, Ruijin Wang, Xiaoling Yang, Liu Ji

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: The Physical Self-Description Questionnaire -Short (PSDQ-S) is one of the world's recognized effective tools for measuring Physical Self-Concept (PSC). However, Latent profile analysis of the physical self-description among Chinese adolescents only supported the 3-dimensional model of PSDQ-S, that is, it could only distinguish the Physical Activity (PA), Appearance, and Body Fat of Chinese children and adolescents, but could not effectively distinguish the 8 dimensions of Coordination, Flexibility, Strength, Endurance, Sport, Global Physical, Health, and Global Esteem. It cannot meet the needs of PSC measurement in the field of sports psychology in China. The purpose of this study was to …


A132: The Impact Of Baby Swimming On Motor Development Of Toddlers, Jiayu Gu, Yuhong Wen Feb 2024

A132: The Impact Of Baby Swimming On Motor Development Of Toddlers, Jiayu Gu, Yuhong Wen

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Infancy and early childhood are important stages of basic motor skills formation. Baby swimming provides a unique opportunity for toddlers aged 2–3 to develop motor skills. The literature documents that baby swimming can promote physical growth in toddlers, but how it affects motor development remains unclear. Therefore, the present study aims to address this gap. Methods: Using interviews, field investigations, assessment tools, this study was conducted in two stages. Stage 1 focused on the instructional information about baby swimming courses, and Stage 2 examined the difference in body indices and motor competencies between two groups of toddlers recruited through …


A155: Research On The Influence Of Kinesthetic Intelligence Courses With Industrialized Education On Children's Physical Fitness, Yanli Luo, Xiaoming Gong, Yanqing Chen, Lianglei Xiana, Jie Luo, Kaidi Wu Feb 2024

A155: Research On The Influence Of Kinesthetic Intelligence Courses With Industrialized Education On Children's Physical Fitness, Yanli Luo, Xiaoming Gong, Yanqing Chen, Lianglei Xiana, Jie Luo, Kaidi Wu

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Nowadays, the industrialization of education has led to the shortage of teachers and consequently hindered resource allocation and curriculum optimization. These problems are profound for educators when applying Kinesthetic Intelligence (KI) curriculum for children in early childhood. This paper examines the impact of the current KI course delivery on children’s physical fitness to provide reference for researchers and educators. Methods: Forty-six kids were randomly selected from two intermediate Kindergarten classes and were divided into an experimental group (EG) and a control group (CG). A pre-test of physical fitness was done on eight indices such as stature, weight, throwing, and …


A85: A Study On The Influence Of Different Media Choices On People's Exercise Behavior Post Covid-19, Guo Rong, Tang Ye Feb 2024

A85: A Study On The Influence Of Different Media Choices On People's Exercise Behavior Post Covid-19, Guo Rong, Tang Ye

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: As modern technology advances swiftly, the significance of mobile media in people's lives is increasingly pronounced. Fitness software, rooted in mobile media, has permeated every facet of daily life, reshaping not only the traditional modes of exercise but also giving rise to a distinctive exercise culture. In the context of epidemic prevention and control, this study examined the impact of various media on individuals' exercise behavior, exploring how people's choice of media influences their post-epidemic exercise possibilities and self-efficacy. Methods: This study extensively reviewed literature to identify the questionnaire's origin and employs exercise behavior theories to construct a conceptual …


A153: The Relationships Between Physical Activity And Health-Related Quality Of Life In Parent-Child Dyads With Asd, Yu Song, Bo Shen Feb 2024

A153: The Relationships Between Physical Activity And Health-Related Quality Of Life In Parent-Child Dyads With Asd, Yu Song, Bo Shen

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Researchers have found that the core and combined symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) negatively influence the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of autistic children and their parents. Although it is supported that participation in physical activity (PA) can enhance the HRQoL and well-being in general, few studies have addressed the relationship between HRQoL with PA in the population with ASD. This study examines how much leisure-time physical activity participation is correlated to HRQoL in parent-child dyads with ASD. Method: Participants were recruited from two Rehabilitation Centers for neurodevelopmental disability children. Eighty-five ASD children and their parents participated in …


A140: Comparing Perceived Exercise Benefits Between Exercising And Non-Exercising College Students, Yanli Pang, Cunnian Xia, Yue Xia Feb 2024

A140: Comparing Perceived Exercise Benefits Between Exercising And Non-Exercising College Students, Yanli Pang, Cunnian Xia, Yue Xia

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Regular exercise leads to physiological and psychological benefits. University is a key venue to promote physical activity behavior in young adults. However, it is reported nearly 50% Chinese college students are not reaping the benefits due to insufficient amount of exercise. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate what challenges prevent college students from exercising. Thus, this study was to assess perceived exercise benefits and barriers in Chinese college students and compare the differences between students do exercise and who do not. Methods: The Exercise Benefits/Barriers Scale (EBBS) was used to examine perceived benefits and barriers in 118 non-exercising and …


A106: Aerobic Exercise Modulates Gpcr/Camp/Pka Signaling Pathway And Complement-Microglia Axis To Prevent Synaptic Loss In App/Ps1 Mice, Jialun Yang, Shunling Yuan, Ye Jian, Yong Lei, Zelin Hu, Xinjun Yan, Wenfeng Liu Feb 2024

A106: Aerobic Exercise Modulates Gpcr/Camp/Pka Signaling Pathway And Complement-Microglia Axis To Prevent Synaptic Loss In App/Ps1 Mice, Jialun Yang, Shunling Yuan, Ye Jian, Yong Lei, Zelin Hu, Xinjun Yan, Wenfeng Liu

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Synaptic failure serves as a primary contributor to memory dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Physical exercise has demonstrated the potential to thwart and delay degenerative alterations in memory functions linked to AD. Investigating the underlying mechanisms may unveil crucial insights into early pathological changes, offering breakthroughs for both understanding and treating AD. Methods: We utilized 3-month-old APP/PS1 mice and subjected them to a 12-week aerobic exercise intervention. The spatial learning and memory functions of the mice were assessed using the Morris water maze test, while Golgi staining was employed to determine dendritic spine density in each mouse group. To …


A37: An Experimental Study On The Effect Of Traditional Old Games On Fundamental Motor Skills Of Children Aged 7-8, Qian Mao, Xiaozan Wang, Qinping Xu Feb 2024

A37: An Experimental Study On The Effect Of Traditional Old Games On Fundamental Motor Skills Of Children Aged 7-8, Qian Mao, Xiaozan Wang, Qinping Xu

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Fundamental Motor Skills as the "cornerstone" of children's healthy growth, its firmness determines children's future development. However, with the progress of science and technology and the convenience of modern life, the physical activity level of children has decreased significantly, and the development of basic motor skills has increased rapidly. Therefore, in October 2020, it was clearly proposed to gradually improve the school physical education teaching model of "health knowledge + basic sports skills + special sports skills". At the same time, as the wisdom crystallization of human development, traditional old games are increasingly replaced by the ever-changing electronic games …


A123: Research Progress And Review Of Key Competencies Of Physical Education Curriculum In China, Liping Xue, Zhihua Yin Feb 2024

A123: Research Progress And Review Of Key Competencies Of Physical Education Curriculum In China, Liping Xue, Zhihua Yin

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: The introduction of the "Opinions on Comprehensively Deepening Curriculum Reform and Implementing the Fundamental Task of Establishing Virtues and Cultivating People" marked the initiation of comprehensive curriculum reform across all disciplines in our country, with a particular emphasis on key competencies. Among these competencies, those integral to the Physical Education (PE) curriculum have garnered increasing attention from scholars. Building upon this foundation, this paper systematically reviews and analyzes pertinent research on the key competencies within the PE curriculum. The exploration covers the development process, current research hotspots, and future prospects in this field, aiming to serve as a reference …


A28: Biomechanical Analysis And Research In Rugby Speed Training, Li Ren Feb 2024

A28: Biomechanical Analysis And Research In Rugby Speed Training, Li Ren

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Speed training is an essential and important part of rugby. Usually in confrontational events, strength will have a powerful effect, but good speed will be more than that plus works. Rugby speed drills can be complex or simple things that coaches choose. To the best of the speed required depends on the position, but every player on the field can be trained to get faster. Methods: Through the literature method, logic analysis and other related analysis of sports biomechanics of speed training in football, in order to provide some theoretical basis and reasonable suggestions for speed training, to improve …


A08: Effects Of Participation In Sports Clubs Activity On College Students’ Perceived Stress And Well-Being, Zhonghui He, Hui Xie, Xiaoyuan Zhang Feb 2024

A08: Effects Of Participation In Sports Clubs Activity On College Students’ Perceived Stress And Well-Being, Zhonghui He, Hui Xie, Xiaoyuan Zhang

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Mandated social distancing to prevent the spread of COVID-19 pandemic has brought more anxiety and stress to college students. The primary purpose of this study was to examine whether college students' participation in sports club activities can reduce anxiety and stress. The secondary purpose was to compare the effects of different types of sport clubs. Methods: The sample consisted of 242 college students (143 males; mean age=22.63 years old) in an academically prestigious university. They were voluntarily enrolled in either team sports clubs, such as volleyball, football, baseball, and softball, etc. (n=96), or individual sports clubs, such as squash, …


A22: Investigation On The Status Quo Of Extracurricular Sports Activities In Primary And Secondary Schools Of Yan 'An City Before And After Covid-19, Zhigang Xue, Hujiie Ran, Xiaoyan Yang Feb 2024

A22: Investigation On The Status Quo Of Extracurricular Sports Activities In Primary And Secondary Schools Of Yan 'An City Before And After Covid-19, Zhigang Xue, Hujiie Ran, Xiaoyan Yang

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Since the outbreak of the Novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) in December 2019, the General Office of the National Health Commission has put forward the epidemic prevention requirements, such as minimizing unnecessary travel. In December 2022, The State Council issued the latest epidemic prevention policy, marking the country's three-year epidemic control policy. In this case, this paper conducted a comparative study on the number of participants, cognition, attitude, motivation, frequency, time and organization of extracurricular sports activities in primary and secondary schools of Yan 'an City before and after the COVID-19 outbreak, and analyzed and studied the data obtained. Methods: …


A34: Factors To Indicate Overweight For Youth From 5-11-Year-Old: Data Mining Tree Regression Application, Danji Lu, Yuanlong Liu Feb 2024

A34: Factors To Indicate Overweight For Youth From 5-11-Year-Old: Data Mining Tree Regression Application, Danji Lu, Yuanlong Liu

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: According to the World Health Organization, obesity has nearly tripled since 1975 in the U.S. (Obesity, n.d.). Considerable research was done to find reasons to deal with obesity. In last 10 year’s obesity related research, the major focuses were metabolic syndrome, physical activity, and eating disorder. In this study, two subsets of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2013-2014 NHANES) were used to test what variables were critical to indicate overweight of youth from 5- to 11-year-old. Dietary subset reflected nutrients obtained from foods, beverages, and water. Physical activity subset based on the Global Physical Activity …


A51: A Study On Improvement Of Sensory Integration Disorder In Children Aged 6-7 Years With Fancy Skipping Rope, Xunzhi Lai, Ziying Zeng Feb 2024

A51: A Study On Improvement Of Sensory Integration Disorder In Children Aged 6-7 Years With Fancy Skipping Rope, Xunzhi Lai, Ziying Zeng

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: At present, the number of children with sensory unison disorder continues to rise in our country, which is a kind of disease that mainly happens in the children of the nervous system, so that the young children's physical quality drops, the uncoordinated movement, attention, and poor performance, affecting the normal healthy development. In the face of the disorder, the intervention can be improved by games in PE class and sensory integration training. Methods: In this paper, literature, mathematical statistics, questionnaire, and other research methods were used to test and study the vestibular function, proprioception, tactile defense and learning ability …


A52: Practice Research On Orientation Movement Teaching In Primary School, Ziying Zeng, Haicheng Wen, Liyan Lao, Shunzhou Du, Yuntao Zeng Feb 2024

A52: Practice Research On Orientation Movement Teaching In Primary School, Ziying Zeng, Haicheng Wen, Liyan Lao, Shunzhou Du, Yuntao Zeng

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Sports shoulder the important task of improving the physical health of teenagers, is an indispensable part of the school quality education, more importantly, is to undertake the fundamental mission of moral cultivation. Orienteering is a new sports project integrating intelligence and physical strength. It not only strengthens the body, but also improves the students' self-control ability such as thinking and judging ability and solving difficulties by themselves, so as to truly realize the ideal effect of "sports people". Methods: From the perspective of the implementation of school-based orienteering curriculum in our school, this paper adopts experimental methods, mathematical statistics …


A56: Mediation Analysis Of Association Between Fundamental Motor Skills And Physical Activity In Elementary School Students, Jun Chen, Xiaozan Wang, Ouyi Chen, Haizhu Long Feb 2024

A56: Mediation Analysis Of Association Between Fundamental Motor Skills And Physical Activity In Elementary School Students, Jun Chen, Xiaozan Wang, Ouyi Chen, Haizhu Long

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the association of fundamental motor skills (FMS), perceived motor competence (PMC), physical activity (PA) in elementary school students, as well as to examine whether PMC mediated the relationship between FMS and PA. Methods: Participants were 470 3-6th grade students (210 boys vs. 242 girls; Mean age = 10.11 years old; SD = 1.19) at five elementary schools from the province of Hunan in China. The students’ FMS were assessed with The Test of Gross Motor Development-3, PMC was assessed using the perceived athletic competence sub-scale of Harter’s Self-perception profile for children and PA were …


A57: A Study On The Correlation Between Basic Motor Skills And Attention, Parent-Child Relationship And Behavior, Mengke Kang, Xiaozan Wang, Meiyuan Chen, Haoye Shen Feb 2024

A57: A Study On The Correlation Between Basic Motor Skills And Attention, Parent-Child Relationship And Behavior, Mengke Kang, Xiaozan Wang, Meiyuan Chen, Haoye Shen

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: In the Curriculum Standards of Physical Education and Health for Compulsory Education (2022 Edition) newly issued by China in 2022, basic motor skills are included in the curriculum, requiring students to learn, practice and experience mobility skills, control skills, manipulative skills, and other basic motor skills. The purpose of this study is to explore the correlation between basic motor skills and pupils' attention, parent-child relationship, and behavior, and to provide a theoretical basis for its further implementation. Methods: In this study, 45 primary school students from Malu Primary School, Jiading District, Shanghai, with an average age of 9.76 years …


A59: The Influence Of Chinese Junior Middle School Students' Expectancy-Value On Their Attitude Towards Physical Education Class: The Moderating Effect Of Urban And Rural Areas And Grades, Jing Gong, Chengwu Tao, Tong Xie Feb 2024

A59: The Influence Of Chinese Junior Middle School Students' Expectancy-Value On Their Attitude Towards Physical Education Class: The Moderating Effect Of Urban And Rural Areas And Grades, Jing Gong, Chengwu Tao, Tong Xie

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Physical education is an important way to improve the sports skills and physical health level of Chinese junior middle school students, help students master sports health knowledge, and cultivate students' sports behavior. It is of great significance to improve the teaching quality of physical education class and solve the practical problem that students like physical education but don't enjoy having physical education class by improving students' expectancy-value of physical education class and correcting students' attitude toward PE (physical education) class. Therefore, to explore the differences between the expectancy-value and attitude of different types of students participating in physical education …


A60: Gait Kinematics Characteristics Of The Overweight And Obese Elderly At Different Walking Speeds, Liu Min Feb 2024

A60: Gait Kinematics Characteristics Of The Overweight And Obese Elderly At Different Walking Speeds, Liu Min

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: Gait is associated with falls. Overweight, obesity and falls are prominent problems affecting the healthy life of the elderly in China. The purpose of this study is to measure the gait kinematic parameters of the overweight and obese elderly using BTS SMART DX Motion Capture System, and to analyze the gait characteristics of the overweight and obese elderly when walking with different speeds, so as to provide reference for the prevention of falls in the overweight and obese elderly. Methods: A total of 42 healthy old women (overweight or obese group: N = 20, age = 67.36±6.11 yrs.; normal …


A63: Exercise Improves Appetite And Heart Function In High Fat Drosophila, Hanhui Yan, Meng Ding, Ping Xu, Tianhang Peng, Ping Zhang, Rui Tian, Lan Zheng Feb 2024

A63: Exercise Improves Appetite And Heart Function In High Fat Drosophila, Hanhui Yan, Meng Ding, Ping Xu, Tianhang Peng, Ping Zhang, Rui Tian, Lan Zheng

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

Purpose: High-fat diets cause obesity and disease leading to excess appetite and cardiovascular disease. At present, there is literature showing the improvement effect of exercise on obesity and related diseases. To explore more deeply the mechanism of action of exercise on appetite improvement and heart function in high-fat diets, we used fruit fly motility models to reveal this aspect of function. Methods: A total of 300 wild-type W1118 virgin flies that matured within 12 hours were collected. They were randomly divided into 100 animals in the normal diet control group (NFD), 100 in the high-fat diet group (HFD), and 100 …