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Cardiology

Elderly

2020

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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Cardiac Amyloidosis—An Underdiagnosed Cause Of Heart Failure In The Elderly, Tahir Nazir, Mahmud Nuffati Apr 2020

Cardiac Amyloidosis—An Underdiagnosed Cause Of Heart Failure In The Elderly, Tahir Nazir, Mahmud Nuffati

Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

Amyloidosis is a rare, generally multisystem disease that can also involve the heart. Infiltration of the myocardium with amyloid proteins is an important and underappreciated cause of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction in the elderly. We present the case of an 84-year-old man with chest tightness, dyspnoea, and ascites. He had a history of dyslipidaemia and ischaemic heart disease. Initial investigations showed severe diastolic dysfunction and elevated pulmonary artery systolic pressure on echocardiogram along with elevated serum natriuretic peptides. Further evaluation by a magnetic resonance imaging scan of the heart and endomyocardial biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of senile systemic …