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Myocardial Dysfunction After Out-Of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: Predictors And Prognostic Implications., Yuan Yao, Nicholas James Johnson, Sarah Muirhead Perman, Vimal Ramjee, Anne Victoria Grossestreuer, David Foster Gaieski Aug 2018

Myocardial Dysfunction After Out-Of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: Predictors And Prognostic Implications., Yuan Yao, Nicholas James Johnson, Sarah Muirhead Perman, Vimal Ramjee, Anne Victoria Grossestreuer, David Foster Gaieski

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

We aim to determine the incidence of early myocardial dysfunction after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, risk factors associated with its development, and association with outcome. A retrospective chart review was performed among consecutive out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients who underwent echocardiography within 24 h of return of spontaneous circulation at three urban teaching hospitals. Our primary outcome is early myocardial dysfunction, defined as a left ventricular ejection fraction < 40% on initial echocardiogram. We also determine risk factors associated with myocardial dysfunction using multivariate analysis, and examine its association with survival and neurologic outcome. A total of 190 patients achieved ROSC and underwent echocardiography within 24 h. Of these, 83 (44%) patients had myocardial dysfunction. A total of 37 (45%) patients with myocardial dysfunction survived to discharge, 39% with intact neurologic status. History of congestive heart failure (OR 6.21; 95% CI 2.54-15.19), male gender (OR 2.27; 95% CI 1.08-4.78), witnessed arrest (OR 4.20; 95% CI 1.78-9.93), more than three doses of epinephrine (OR 6.10; 95% CI 1.12-33.14), more than four defibrillations (OR 4.7; 95% CI 1.35-16.43), longer duration of resuscitation (OR 1.06; 95% CI 1.01-1.10), and therapeutic hypothermia (OR 3.93; 95% CI 1.32-11.75) were associated with myocardial dysfunction. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation immediately initiated by healthcare personnel was associated with lower odds of myocardial dysfunction (OR 0.40; 95% CI 0.17-0.97). There was no association between early myocardial dysfunction and mortality or neurological outcome. Nearly half of OHCA patients have myocardial dysfunction. A number of clinical factors are associated with myocardial dysfunction, and may aid providers in anticipating which patients need early diagnostic evaluation and specific treatments. Early myocardial dysfunction is not associated with neurologically intact survival.


Association Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea With Hypertension: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Haifeng Hou, Yange Zhao, Xiaotong Xue, Jian Ding, Wei Jia Xing, Wei Wang Jan 2018

Association Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea With Hypertension: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Haifeng Hou, Yange Zhao, Xiaotong Xue, Jian Ding, Wei Jia Xing, Wei Wang

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

Results: Twenty-six studies with 51 623 participants (28 314 men, 23 309 women; mean age 51.8 years) met inclusion criteria and were included in this study. Among them, six studies showed a significant association between OSA and resistant hypertension (pooled OR = 2.842, 95% CI = 1.703-3.980, P < 0.05). Meanwhile, the combination of 20 original studies on the association of OSA with essential hypertension also presented significant results with the pooled ORs of 1.184 (95% CI = 1.093-1.274, P < 0.05) for mild OSA, 1.316 (95% CI = 1.197-1.433, P < 0.05) for moderate OSA and 1.561 (95% CI = 1.287-1.835, P < 0.05) for severe OSA.

Conclusions: Our findings indicated that OSA is related to an increased risk of resistant hypertension. Mild, moderate and severe OSA are associated essential hypertension, as well a dose-response manner relationship is manifested. The associations are relatively stronger among Caucasians and male OSA patients.

Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep disorder …