Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Swine day

1989

Articles 1 - 30 of 37

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Effect Of Fish Meal Quality On The Growth Performance Of Weanling Pigs, G R. Stoner, Jim L. Nelssen, Robert D. Goodband Jan 1989

Effect Of Fish Meal Quality On The Growth Performance Of Weanling Pigs, G R. Stoner, Jim L. Nelssen, Robert D. Goodband

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The objective of this experiment was to evaluate three fish meal sources added to diets for the early-weaned pig. Fish meal sources were analyzed for total volatile nitrogen (TVN), which is an indicator of protein degradation of the raw material. Regardless of TVN content, pigs fed diets containing fish meal had better average daily gain (ADG) and average daily feed intake (ADFI) than pigs fed a diet without added fish meal. However, TVN content and chemical digestibility estimates of fish meal were associated with growth performance of starter pigs. Feed intake increased as TVN content increased. Although ADG was not ...


Effect Of Microbial Inoculants On The Storage Characteristics And Nutritional Value Of High Moisture Corn For Finishing Pigs, K K. Bolsen, D B. Jones, Robert H. Hines, Joe D. Hancock Jan 1989

Effect Of Microbial Inoculants On The Storage Characteristics And Nutritional Value Of High Moisture Corn For Finishing Pigs, K K. Bolsen, D B. Jones, Robert H. Hines, Joe D. Hancock

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

High moisture corn (23% moisture) was harvested in September, 1988, and stored in concrete silos until March, 1989. As the corn was harvested, it was divided into four treatment silos: high moisture corn (HMC) and HMC treated with inoculants containing lactobacillus, serratia, or streptococcus organisms. As a positive control, some of the corn was allowed to "field dry" to 14% moisture before being harvested. Two hundred forty finishing pigs were fed the com treatments. Approximately mid-experiment, samples of the corn and mixed diets were collected and evaluated for aerobic stability. At the end of the experiment, chromic oxide was added ...


Nutritional Considerations For Improved Lean Value, Jim L. Nelssen Jan 1989

Nutritional Considerations For Improved Lean Value, Jim L. Nelssen

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The swine industry is in a transitional period as it gears up to produce the lean meat required by the consumer. In fact, pork processors arc increasing the production of lean products (boneless loins, 95% fat-free hams) because consumers are willing to pay premiums for low-fat products. New methods of measuring the amount of lean pork (fat-a-meter, etc.) are being developed rapidly, in order to allow the packer to offer price differentials for lean compared to fat pigs. Pork producers, in my opinion, will adjust production systems to meet consumer demands for lean pork when monetary differentials are offered by ...


Development Of Methods For Studying Embryo-Uterine Interactions, Z Zhang, Duane L. Davis Jan 1989

Development Of Methods For Studying Embryo-Uterine Interactions, Z Zhang, Duane L. Davis

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The endometrium (lining of the uterus) functions to support and nurture developing embryos. However, 20 to 30% of pig embryos are lost in early pregnancy. Therefore, we developed methods to study the endometrium. Our initial work addresses the production of prostaglandins by the endometrium. Prostaglandins are known to play important roles in the establishment of pregnancy. In the pig, this process occurs near the end of the second week of pregnancy. Therefore, we determined the prostaglandin production by glandular and stromal cells of pig endometrium collected on d 13 of pregnancy. Glandular cells produced more prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) than prostaglandin ...


Effect Of Lysine Level And Supplemental Soybean Oil Fed During Lactation On Sow And Litter Performance Through Two Parities, T L. Weeden, R C. Thaler, D F. Li, G L. Fitzner, Jim L. Nelssen, Robert H. Hines Jan 1989

Effect Of Lysine Level And Supplemental Soybean Oil Fed During Lactation On Sow And Litter Performance Through Two Parities, T L. Weeden, R C. Thaler, D F. Li, G L. Fitzner, Jim L. Nelssen, Robert H. Hines

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 158 gilts were fed ad libitum one of the following four diets during lactation: .65% lysine, .75% lysine, .65% lysine + 3% soybean oil, and .75% lysine + 3% soybean oil. These same sows were carried through a second parity on the same lactation diet treatments. In parity 1, lysine level had no effect on feed intake or interval from weaning to estrus. Addition of 3% soybean oil increased the weaning to estrus interval and decreased feed intake, although caloric intake was not different. In parity 2, there was no effect on feed intake from 3% supplemental soybean oil ...


The Effects Of Excess Dietary Lysine Additions On Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Finishing Pigs, G R. Stoner, Robert D. Goodband, Robert H. Hines, Jim L. Nelssen, Donald H. Kropf Jan 1989

The Effects Of Excess Dietary Lysine Additions On Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Finishing Pigs, G R. Stoner, Robert D. Goodband, Robert H. Hines, Jim L. Nelssen, Donald H. Kropf

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Seventy-five barrows (initial wt 136 lb) were utilized to evaluate the effects of dietary lysine levels ranging from .6 to 1.4% on growth performance and carcass characteristics. Pigs were fed a pelleted corn-sesame meal diet containing .6% lysine (17.7% crude protein) or diets containing .8, 1.0, 1.2, or 1.4% lysine provided by L-Iysine HCl. All other amino acids, vitamins, and minerals were calculated to be at least double the pig's requirement (NRC, 1988), to ensure that no nutrient other than lysine would limit performance. When the pen mean weight reached approximately 235 lb, six ...


Dose-Response Of Weanling Pigs To Streptococcus Faecium, B J. Healy, Joe D. Hancock, Daniel Y.C. Fung, C Liang, S L. Yu Jan 1989

Dose-Response Of Weanling Pigs To Streptococcus Faecium, B J. Healy, Joe D. Hancock, Daniel Y.C. Fung, C Liang, S L. Yu

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two 5-wk experiments, using a total of 270 pigs (avg initial wt of 16.1 and 13.11b), were conducted to determine the dose-response relationship between Streptococcus faecium additions to drinking water and performance of newly weaned pigs. In experiment 1, treatments were: 1) untreated control; 2, 3, and 4) .5, 2.5, and 4.5 x 109 CFU of S. faecillm/pig/d; 5) antibioticfed positive control (CSP250 and CUS04)' Bacterial content of feces collected from the pigs on d 7, 14, and 21 indicated that antibiotic feeding greatly reduced fecal content of streptococci. S. faecium given in the ...


Maximizing Farrowing Rate, D G. Levis Jan 1989

Maximizing Farrowing Rate, D G. Levis

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Farrowing rate can be defined as: 1) the number of mated females that farrow within a contemporary group per total number of MATED females for this group or 2) the number of females that farrow within a contemporary group per total number of EXPOSED females for this group. Generally, the first definition is used when hand-mating, whereas the second definition has to be used when pen-mating. Regardless of the definition, farrowing rate can be maximized only by taking total control of the breeding herd. High farrowing rates will result when fertility is high in boars, sows, and gilts; however, excellent ...


Hydrocortisone Acetate-Injected Piglets Have A Larger Pancreas And Greater Mucosal Weight And Lactase, Maltase, And Sucrose Activities In The Duodenum, K K. Kreikemeier, D L. Harmon, Jim L. Nelssen Jan 1989

Hydrocortisone Acetate-Injected Piglets Have A Larger Pancreas And Greater Mucosal Weight And Lactase, Maltase, And Sucrose Activities In The Duodenum, K K. Kreikemeier, D L. Harmon, Jim L. Nelssen

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

One litter of 12 piglets was used in a completely random design to evaluate the effects of hydrocortisone acetate injections on organ weight and carbohydrase activities. Dams' milk was the only food source available to the piglets. When they were 7 d old, six pigs were injected with hydrocortisone acetate (50 mg/kg BW; 50 mg/ml) and six others were injected with an equal volume of saline (1 ml/kg BW). When the pigs were 14 d old, tissues were collected, weighed, and analyzed for carbohydrase activities. Hydrocortisone acetate injection had no effect on pig daily gain (d 7 ...


The Effect Of Dietary Energy Density On Growth Performance Of Finishing Swine Treated With Porcine Somatotropin, G R. Stoner, B R. Schricker, Jim L. Nelssen, Robert D. Goodband, Robert H. Hines Jan 1989

The Effect Of Dietary Energy Density On Growth Performance Of Finishing Swine Treated With Porcine Somatotropin, G R. Stoner, B R. Schricker, Jim L. Nelssen, Robert D. Goodband, Robert H. Hines

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A growth study (60 barrows averaging 125.4 lb) was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary energy density on growth performance of finishing pigs treated with porcine somatotropin (pST). Barrows were blocked on weight and allotted randomly to pens (2 barrows/pen, 5 pens/treatment). Barrows were injected daily with 4 mg pST and fed six experimental diets with four energy densities (1.37, 1.48, 1.60, or 1.71 Meal ME/lb) and four lysinc:energy ratios (4.0, 3.7, 3.4, or 3.2 g lysine/Mcal ME). Diets were formulated to contain at least ...


Space Requirements Of Finishing Pigs Fed To An Average Pen Weight Of 250 Pounds, R I. Nicholson, G E. Fitzner, David A. Nichols, Joe D. Hancock, Robert H. Hines, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen Jan 1989

Space Requirements Of Finishing Pigs Fed To An Average Pen Weight Of 250 Pounds, R I. Nicholson, G E. Fitzner, David A. Nichols, Joe D. Hancock, Robert H. Hines, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Space allowances of 6, 8, 10, and 12 ft^2 were evaluated for pigs fed from 130 lb to a pen average of 250 lb. Average daily gain and average daily feed intake. increased linearly (P<.05) as space allowance increased. However, those pigs permitted 10 or 12 ft^2 of space were similar in avg daily gain, avg daily feed intake, and feed efficiency, suggesting that 10 ft^2 of space is adequate for feeding finishing hogs to a heavier average pen weight. Coefficients of variation (CV) for initial weight and final weight were increased for pigs with 6 ft^2, whereas for those exposed to 10 and 12 ft^2, the CV was reduced, indicating more uniform pigs at final weight with greater space allowance.; Swine Day, Manhattan, KS, November 16, 1989


Growth Response To Dietary Additions Of Bacillus Subtilis From Weaning To 230 Pounds, J A. Swanson, Joe D. Hancock Jan 1989

Growth Response To Dietary Additions Of Bacillus Subtilis From Weaning To 230 Pounds, J A. Swanson, Joe D. Hancock

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two hundred fifty-five pigs, weaned at 4 wk of age, were used in an experiment to compare the efficacy of Bacillus subtilis and antibiotics as growth promoters for swine from nursery to finishing. Treatments were a nonmedicated control; B. subtilis added at 5 x 105, 1 X 106, or 5 x 106 CFU/g feed; or antibiotics (50 g/ton carbadox during the nursery phase and 100 g/ton chlortetracycline in the growing and finishing phases). Average daily gain and average daily feed intake were greater for pigs fed antibiotics in the nursery and grower phases than for pigs fed ...


Will Porcine Somatotropin (Pst) Lower Pork Quality?, Melvin C. Hunt, Patter G. Whipple-Van, R D. Klemm, B R. Schricker, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Robert H. Hines, Donald H. Kropf Jan 1989

Will Porcine Somatotropin (Pst) Lower Pork Quality?, Melvin C. Hunt, Patter G. Whipple-Van, R D. Klemm, B R. Schricker, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Robert H. Hines, Donald H. Kropf

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The types and diameters of muscle fibers from 30 barrows that had received daily injections of porcine somatotropin (pST) or a placebo and were fed dietary lysine at .6, .8, 1.0 or 1.2% were determined. Fiber data indicated that pST slightly increases the anaerobic metabolic potential of longissimus muscle. The higher levels of lysine caused enlargement of muscle cells. Earlier research has shown that this type of muscle biochemistry contributes to development of PSE muscle. Thus, use of pST in certain strains of pigs may lead to reductions in muscle quality.; Swine Day, Manhattan, KS, November 16, 1989


Effects Of Various Fat Sources On Growth Performance Of Finishing Pigs, David A. Nichols, Robert D. Goodband, Robert H. Hines, Jim L. Nelssen Jan 1989

Effects Of Various Fat Sources On Growth Performance Of Finishing Pigs, David A. Nichols, Robert D. Goodband, Robert H. Hines, Jim L. Nelssen

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

One hundred and twenty-eight finishing pigs averaging 124 lb were utilized to evaluate the effects of different fat sources on growth performance. Pigs were fed one of four diets containing either no added fat (control) or 4% added fat from soybean oil, coconut oil, or choice white grease. The control diet was formulated to contain 14.5 % crude protein and .66 % lysine. All fat-added diets were formulated with the same calorie:lysine ratio as the control diet. There were no differences in average daily gain between pigs fed either the control diet or diets containing added fat. Daily feed intake ...


Effects Of Lecithin And Lysolecithin On The Digestibility Of Fat Sources In Diets For Weanling Pigs, D B. Jones, Jim L. Nelssen, Robert H. Hines, Joe D. Hancock Jan 1989

Effects Of Lecithin And Lysolecithin On The Digestibility Of Fat Sources In Diets For Weanling Pigs, D B. Jones, Jim L. Nelssen, Robert H. Hines, Joe D. Hancock

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Ninety-six pigs (17 d of age and 11.6 lb initial wt) were utilized to determine if adding emulsifiers (lecithin and lysolecithin) to diets containing 10% added fat would affect nutrient digestibility. Fat sources were: 1) soybean oil, 2) tallow, 3) lard, and 4) coconut oil. Lecithin and lysolecithin were added as 10% of the added fat. Pigs were limit fed using the following equation: daily feed allowance = .05 x body wt^9. After a 7-d adjustment period, feces were collected for 4 d, pooled, and analyzed for fat, nitrogen, and energy content. Soybean oil and coconut oil were more ...


Effect Of Diet Particle Size On Utilization Of Sunflower Oil Seeds In Nursery Pig Diets, G E. Fitzner, T L. Weeden, Robert H. Hines, Robert D. Goodband Jan 1989

Effect Of Diet Particle Size On Utilization Of Sunflower Oil Seeds In Nursery Pig Diets, G E. Fitzner, T L. Weeden, Robert H. Hines, Robert D. Goodband

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

One hundred ninety-two weanling pigs were fed diets containing 15 or 25% sunflower oil seeds that were ground using a hammermill equipped with either a 1/8 or 3/16 in. screen. Average daily gain (ADG) of pigs fed the 25% sunflower seed diet ground through a 1/8 in. screen was similar to ADG of pigs fed the control diet or that with 15% sunflower seeds, although there was a reduction in ADFI. This indicates that finely ground sunflower seeds can be utilized in nursery pig diets up to 25% with no impairment in performance.; Swine Day, Manhattan, KS ...


Effect Of Roasting On Utilization Of Sunflower Oil Seeds In Nursery Pig Diets, G E. Fitzner, T L. Weeden, D F. Li, D B. Jones, Robert H. Hines, Robert D. Goodband, Joe D. Hancock Jan 1989

Effect Of Roasting On Utilization Of Sunflower Oil Seeds In Nursery Pig Diets, G E. Fitzner, T L. Weeden, D F. Li, D B. Jones, Robert H. Hines, Robert D. Goodband, Joe D. Hancock

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

One hundred twelve weanling pigs were used to evaluate effects of diets containing 25% raw or low or high roasted sunflower seeds on performance. Pigs fed meal and pelleted diets containing sunflower seeds roasted to a roaster exit temperature of 264 of (low roast) were more efficient (F/G) than pigs fed raw sunflower seed diets in meal form. Pelleting raw, low roast, and high roast sunflower seed diets significantly improved F/G compared to raw sunflower seed and basal diets fed in meal form. These results indicate that meal diets containing 25% low roasted sunflower seeds or pelleted diets ...


Effect Of Heat Treatment On The Nutritional Value Of Low-Inhibitor Soybeans For Nursery Growing, And Finishing Pigs, A J. Lewis, M A. Giesemann, Jim L. Nelssen, Joe D. Hancock Jan 1989

Effect Of Heat Treatment On The Nutritional Value Of Low-Inhibitor Soybeans For Nursery Growing, And Finishing Pigs, A J. Lewis, M A. Giesemann, Jim L. Nelssen, Joe D. Hancock

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two hundred forty nursery pigs (12.8 lb initial wt) were used in a 28-d growth assay to determine the nutritional value of Williams 82 soybeans with (+K) and without (-K) gene expression for the Kunitz trypsin inhibitor. Treatments were soybean type (+K and -K) and heat treatment (none, half-roasting, and full-roasting time), in a factorial arrangement. The soybeans were heated in a Roast-a-Tron roaster, ground, and added to corn-dried whey diets formulated to be limiting in lysine (.88%). Pigs fed diets with -K soybeans gained 21% faster and were 13% more efficient than pigs fed diets with + K soybeans ...


Effect Of Fat Combinations On Starter Pig Performance And Nutrient Digestibility, D F. Li, D L. Harmon, G E. Fitzner, D B. Jones, Jim L. Nelssen, Robert D. Goodband Jan 1989

Effect Of Fat Combinations On Starter Pig Performance And Nutrient Digestibility, D F. Li, D L. Harmon, G E. Fitzner, D B. Jones, Jim L. Nelssen, Robert D. Goodband

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A growth trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of addition of soybean oil, coconut oil, 50% soybean oil: 50% coconut oil, 75% soybean oil: 25% coconut oil, and 25% soybean oil: 75% coconut oil on starter pig performance and nutrient digestibility. Diets were supplemented with 10% fat for the first 2 wk of the study and 5% for the final 3 wk. Fecal samples were collected from pigs by rectal massage, and apparent digestibility of DM, N, total fat, and fatly acids were calculated using chromic oxide (.3%) as an indigestible marker. Results demonstrated that ADG and feed efficiency ...


Effects Of Dietary Lysine Level On Growing Pig Performance, D F. Li, M E. Johnston, Jim L. Nelssen, Robert D. Goodband Jan 1989

Effects Of Dietary Lysine Level On Growing Pig Performance, D F. Li, M E. Johnston, Jim L. Nelssen, Robert D. Goodband

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A growth trial utilizing 120 pigs (avg initial wt 43.4 lb) was conducted to investigate the lysine requirement for pigs weighing 45 to 75 lb. Pigs were fed a corn-soybean meal diet containing .65, .75, .85, .95, or 1.05% lysine. Average daily gain (ADG) and feed/gain (F/G) were determined weekly, and plasma urea concentration was determined at the end of the first and last week of the experiment. At d 14, ADG was increased and F/G improved with increasing lysine level. Gain was best for pigs fed the .95% lysine diet at d 14 and ...


Effects Of Daily Porcine Somatotropin Administration On Tile Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Finishing Swine, G E. Fitzner, David A. Nichols, B R. Schricker, D E. Darden, T L. Weeden, Robert D. Goodband, Robert H. Hines, Jim L. Nelssen, Donald H. Kropf Jan 1989

Effects Of Daily Porcine Somatotropin Administration On Tile Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Finishing Swine, G E. Fitzner, David A. Nichols, B R. Schricker, D E. Darden, T L. Weeden, Robert D. Goodband, Robert H. Hines, Jim L. Nelssen, Donald H. Kropf

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

One hundred forty-four pigs (72 barrows and 72 gilts) were utilized in six treatments with six pens each to evaluate four levels of daily porcine somatotropin (pST) injections (0, 1, 3, or 5 mg/d) in combination with diets containing 13 or 16% crude protein (CP). One randomly selected pig from each pen was slaughtered when it reached a weight between 230 and 240 lb. Daily feed intake (ADFI), tenth rib backfat, and estimated percentage of lean pork were reduced in pigs fed the 13% CP diet and injected with 3 mg/d pST compared to pigs fed the same ...


Effect Of Replacing Milk Products With A Soybean Protein Isolate Milk Replacer In Diets For Nursery Pigs, D B. Jones, D F. Li, Jim L. Nelssen, Joe D. Hancock Jan 1989

Effect Of Replacing Milk Products With A Soybean Protein Isolate Milk Replacer In Diets For Nursery Pigs, D B. Jones, D F. Li, Jim L. Nelssen, Joe D. Hancock

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

One hundred eighty pigs (21 d of age and averaging 14.5 lb) were used to determine if a milk replacer containing soybean protein isolate can replace dried skim milk and dried whey in a high nutrient density starter diet. Pigs received pelleted feeds that were: 1) corn-soybean meal control; 2) a high nutrient density diet (HNDD) containing 20% dried skim milk and 20% dried whey; 3 and 4) diet 2 with milk rcplacer substituted for 50% and 100% of the milk products; 5) corn-milk replacer; 6) corn-milk products. Average daily gain (ADG), average daily feed intake (ADFI), feed conversion ...


Effects Of Lecithin And Lysolecithin Additions On Growth Performance And Nutrient Digestibility In Weanling Pigs, D B. Jones, Jim L. Nelssen, Robert H. Hines, Joe D. Hancock Jan 1989

Effects Of Lecithin And Lysolecithin Additions On Growth Performance And Nutrient Digestibility In Weanling Pigs, D B. Jones, Jim L. Nelssen, Robert H. Hines, Joe D. Hancock

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two hundred seventy pigs (21 d of age and 12.8 lb initial wt) were used to determine if adding emulsifiers (lecithin and lysolecithin) to starter pig diets affects growth performance and digestibility of nutrients. Treatments were: 1) corn-soy control; 2) diet 1 with soybean oil; 3) diet 1 with tallow; 4, 5, and 6) diet 3 with lecithin replacing 5%, 10%, and 30% of the tallow; 7, 8, and 9) diet 3 with lysolecithin replacing 5%, 10%, and 30% of the tallow. Average daily gain (ADG), average daily feed intake (ADFI), and feed/gain ratio (F/G) were determined ...


New Concepts In Breeding Barn Design, D G. Levis Jan 1989

New Concepts In Breeding Barn Design, D G. Levis

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Many existing swine breeding facilities have been designed to control the environment, provide continuous boar-sow contact for stimulating recently weaned sows to cycle, reduce the distance a weaned sow or boar has to be moved for mating, and reduce construction costs by not constructing breeding pens to be used only for mating. Pork producers operating these types of facilities have had problems with efficiency and accuracy of estrous detection, low percentage (70%) of sows bred twice, slick breeding floors, and excessive labor requirements. A breeding facility should be arranged so the work routines, such as estrous detection; moving, mating, and ...


The Reaction Of Slaughter Hog Cash And Futures Prices To Usda Hogs And Pigs Reports, Ted C. Schroeder, J R. Mintert, John M. Blair Jan 1989

The Reaction Of Slaughter Hog Cash And Futures Prices To Usda Hogs And Pigs Reports, Ted C. Schroeder, J R. Mintert, John M. Blair

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

This study examined the reaction of slaughter hog cash and futures prices to USDA Hogs and Pigs reports. Over the 1972-87 period, the nearby live hog futures price had $1/cwt or larger absolute price changes on 48% of the trading days immediately after the Hogs and Pigs report release compared to 6% of the days of the release, suggesting that the reports arc providing important new information to the market. Average price moves in cash and futures markets following the report releases were positive, suggesting that price usually increased the day after the reports. Over the 1972-87 period, the ...


The Effect Of Dietary Energy Density And Porcine Somatotropin On Apparent Digestibility And Retention Of Nutrients In Finishing Swine, G R. Stoner, B R. Schricker, Jim L. Nelssen, Robert D. Goodband, Robert H. Hines Jan 1989

The Effect Of Dietary Energy Density And Porcine Somatotropin On Apparent Digestibility And Retention Of Nutrients In Finishing Swine, G R. Stoner, B R. Schricker, Jim L. Nelssen, Robert D. Goodband, Robert H. Hines

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Sixteen barrows were used in a metabolism study (avg wt of 101.2 lb) to evaluate the effect of dietary energy density and porcine somatotropin (pST) on apparent digestibility and retention of nutrients in finishing pigs. This study was designed as a split-plot with 4 mg pST/d or placebo injection as whole plot treatments and four dietary energy densities (1.37, 1.48, 1.60, and 1.71 Meal ME/lb) and period as the subplot treatments. Increasing dietary energy density increased apparent digestibility of dry matter, gross energy, and nitrogen, but had no effect on nitrogen retention. Porcine ...


The Genetics Of Lean Growth, David A. Nichols Jan 1989

The Genetics Of Lean Growth, David A. Nichols

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

In recent years, the pork industry has faced numerous challenges. As consumer resistance to fatter meats has increased, the industry has had two options, 1) argue against popular opinion that fat consumption posed a health risk or 2) strive to reduce the fatness of their products. Since the first option is highly unlikely, the NPPC and commodity leaders have moved rapidly, decisively, and aggressively to promote and reposition pork as a vital, healthful part of the U.S. diet. Pork consumption from 1965 to 1985 was reasonably stable (1965, 45 lb; 1985, 44.2 lb). Demand has been stable to ...


Porcine Somatotropin And Dietary Lysine Influence Bone Mineralization And Mechanical Properties In Finishing Swine, B R. Schricker, Robert D. Goodband, Robert H. Hines, Jim L. Nelssen, Donald H. Kropf, Joe D. Hancock Jan 1989

Porcine Somatotropin And Dietary Lysine Influence Bone Mineralization And Mechanical Properties In Finishing Swine, B R. Schricker, Robert D. Goodband, Robert H. Hines, Jim L. Nelssen, Donald H. Kropf, Joe D. Hancock

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The femur, a rib, and third phalanx of the second digit from the front foot were collected from 108 barrows (initial wt = 125 lb) and analyzed to determine the effects of porcine somatotropin (pST) and dietary lysine on bone mineralization and mechanical properties. In Exp. 1, pigs were injected daily with 4 mg pST and fed diets containing .6, .8, 1.0, 1.2, or 1.4% lysine; 1.0% Ca; and .8% P. Control pigs (placebo injection) received the .6% lysine diet. Bone wall thickness (BWT) of the femur increased but ash content decreased as dietary lysine level increased ...


Improved Pork Products For The 1990'S, Donald H. Kropf Jan 1989

Improved Pork Products For The 1990'S, Donald H. Kropf

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The word "improved" in a commercial sense means "altered product characteristics to meet the consumers' real and perceived needs." The pork industry in the 90's must progress toward offering products designed to meet consumer demands instead of saying "this is what we are producing and you'd better buy it." For the pork producer, "improved" means those products that will. increase pork sales. We must realize that the primary nutritional contributions of pork to human diets will be protein and vitamins, especially B-vitamins. Perhaps we should emphasize these more in our advertising, but good flavor, low fat, low salt ...


Evaluation Of Oral Escherichia Coli Bacterin And Water Medication On Performance Of Weaned Pigs, D A. Schoneweis, R I. Nicholson, G E. Fitzner, Robert H. Hines Jan 1989

Evaluation Of Oral Escherichia Coli Bacterin And Water Medication On Performance Of Weaned Pigs, D A. Schoneweis, R I. Nicholson, G E. Fitzner, Robert H. Hines

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Odd-numbered pigs in new-born litters were vaccinated on d 1 with an oral Escherichia coli bacterin and their performance after weaning was compared with that of nonvaccinated littermates (even numbered pigs). In addition, each group of pigs was allotted to four water medication treatments that were administered from d 2 to d 6 after weaning. No significant interaction between vaccine and water treatment was observed. Vaccinated and non-vaccinated pigs performed similarly throughout the trial for the traits of ADG, ADFI, and F/G, indicating no beneficial effect from vaccination. Water medication after weaning did not affect performance or incidence of ...