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Cattlemen's Day

2002

Articles 1 - 30 of 51

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

A Study Of The Chemical And Microbial Changes In Whole-Plant Corn Silage During Exposure To Air: Effects Of A Biological Additive And Sealing Technique, M.E. Uriarte-Archundia, K.K. Bolsen, B.E. Brent Jan 2002

A Study Of The Chemical And Microbial Changes In Whole-Plant Corn Silage During Exposure To Air: Effects Of A Biological Additive And Sealing Technique, M.E. Uriarte-Archundia, K.K. Bolsen, B.E. Brent

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The objectives of this study with whole-plant corn silage were to determine the effects of a biological additive and sealing technique on yeast and mold populations; and to examine the relationship between the microbial and chemical changes in the silages during exposure to air. Whole-plant corn was harvested at 80% milkline (36% DM), and ensiled at a density of 35 lb of fresh matter/ft3. Half of the pre-ensiled forage was treated with a biological additive (A) (Sil-All 4x4, Alltech, Inc.); the other half of the pre-ensiled forage was the untreated control (C). Half of the silos in the A ...


Effect Of Legume Persistence In Endophyte-Infected Tall Fescue Pastures On Forage Production And Steer Performance, Lyle W. Lomas, Joseph L. Moyer, Gary L. Kilgore Jan 2002

Effect Of Legume Persistence In Endophyte-Infected Tall Fescue Pastures On Forage Production And Steer Performance, Lyle W. Lomas, Joseph L. Moyer, Gary L. Kilgore

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 135 steers grazed high-endophyte tall fescue pasture in 1998, 1999, and 2000 that had been previously interseeded with either lespedeza, red clover, or ladino clover during 1995, 1996, and 1997. Legume cover, forage dry matter production, grazing steer performance, and subsequent feedlot performance were measured. Pastures interseeded with ladino clover produced higher stocker gains in 1998 and more available forage and legume cover in all 3 years than those interseeded with lespedeza or red clover. Legume treatment had little effect on subsequent finishing performance. Results of this study indicate that lespedeza and red clover should be seeded ...


Myofibrillar Structural Changes Caused By Marination With Calcium Phosphate Or Calcium Chloride And Sodium Pyrophosphate, T.E. Lawrence, A.T. Waylan, Curtis L. Kastner Jan 2002

Myofibrillar Structural Changes Caused By Marination With Calcium Phosphate Or Calcium Chloride And Sodium Pyrophosphate, T.E. Lawrence, A.T. Waylan, Curtis L. Kastner

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Ultrastructural changes were studied in beef eye of round muscle after 120 hours marination in 0.5, 0.75, or 1.0% calcium phosphate (CaPO) or 2, 4, or 6% calcium chloride or 1% sodium pyrophosphate (CaCl+NaPO) solutions. Increasing the concentration of CaPO caused decreasing myofibril width and increasing myofilament degradation. Increasing the concentration of CaCl+NaPO caused increasing loss of I-band material. Marination of beef eye of round muscle in calcium phosphate or calcium chloride + sodium pyrophosphate solutions caused denaturation of myofibrillar proteins likely due to marinating solution acidity.


Practical Aspects Of Beef Carcass Traceabilityin Commercial Beef Processing Plants Using An Electronic Identification System, J.R. Davis, Michael E. Dikeman Jan 2002

Practical Aspects Of Beef Carcass Traceabilityin Commercial Beef Processing Plants Using An Electronic Identification System, J.R. Davis, Michael E. Dikeman

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The use of an electronic identification (EID) system in slaughter facilities holds great potential as a tool for animal and carcass traceability, if used as part of a comprehensive carcass tracking system. However, the correct association of each carcass with its individual EID tag number may be hindered at several points during the slaughter process. For 2,994 cattle slaughtered in 14 lots and bearing buttontype, full duplex EID ear tags, 113 (3.92%) had non-functional tags, 16 (0.53%) had no tag, and 37 extra head were introduced accidentally into one of our lots. Of the 2,994 carcasses ...


Effects Of Weather On Average Daily Gain And Profitability, D.R. Mark, Ted C. Schroeder Jan 2002

Effects Of Weather On Average Daily Gain And Profitability, D.R. Mark, Ted C. Schroeder

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The effect of several weather conditions on average daily gain (ADG) and profits is quantified for typical steers and heifers fed in commercial feedyards in Western Kansas from 1980 to 1999. ADG predictions for particular pens of cattle are often used to plan marketing dates and calculate breakeven purchase prices. Weather is known to influence cattle performance, and expected weather conditions can be used to improve ADG predictions. Effects on ADG and profits from combinations of, and interactions between, temperature, precipitation, humidity, and wind speed were analyzed. The influence of these weather conditions was allowed to differ by sex, placement ...


Effect Of Source Of Carbohydrate And Degradable Intake Protein In Supplements On Low-Quality Forage Utilization By Steers, J.I. Arroquy, R.C. Cochran, T.A. Wickersham, Donald A. Llewellyn Jan 2002

Effect Of Source Of Carbohydrate And Degradable Intake Protein In Supplements On Low-Quality Forage Utilization By Steers, J.I. Arroquy, R.C. Cochran, T.A. Wickersham, Donald A. Llewellyn

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Twelve ruminally fistulated steers were used in an experiment to study the impact of the source of carbohydrate (CHO) and degradable intake protein (DIP) in supplements on low-quality forage utilization. Treatments consisted of two different CHO types (fed at 0.16% of initial BW) each offered with an equal amount of DIP (0.087% of initial BW) but with six different proportions of non-protein nitrogen (NPN) and true protein as sources of DIP. The CHO types were starch and dextrose (a simple sugar). The different proportions of the two sources of N contributing to the DIP were 100:0, 80 ...


Microbial Flora Of Commercially Produced Vacuum Packaged, Cooked Beef Roast, R.J. Danler, H. Thippareddi, Elizabeth A.E. Boyle, Randall K. Phebus, Daniel Y.C. Fung, Curtis L. Kastner Jan 2002

Microbial Flora Of Commercially Produced Vacuum Packaged, Cooked Beef Roast, R.J. Danler, H. Thippareddi, Elizabeth A.E. Boyle, Randall K. Phebus, Daniel Y.C. Fung, Curtis L. Kastner

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Commercially produced vacuum packaged, fully cooked, microwaveable beef roasts from four producers were purchased from local retail markets. Salt concentration, pH, water activity (aw), and percent moisture, fat and protein were determined. Samples of both package juice and homogenized beef plus juice were analyzed for the presence of aerobic, anaerobic and lactic acid bacteria and clostridia-type organisms. The cooked beef products had pH values from 5.82 to 6.19, water activity of 0.992 to 0.997, and contained 0.34 to 1.07% salt, 61.89 to 72.39% moisture, 4.29 to 18.21% fat and 15 ...


Dakota Gold®-Brand Dried Distiller’S Grains With Solubles In Finishing Cattle Diets: A Preharvest Strategy Against Acid Resistant Escherichia Coli And Coliforms?, C.M. Gordon, H. Thippareddi, D.L. Lambert, K. Kerr, N. Pike, J.J. Sindt, James J. Higgins, Randall K. Phebus, James S. Drouillard Jan 2002

Dakota Gold®-Brand Dried Distiller’S Grains With Solubles In Finishing Cattle Diets: A Preharvest Strategy Against Acid Resistant Escherichia Coli And Coliforms?, C.M. Gordon, H. Thippareddi, D.L. Lambert, K. Kerr, N. Pike, J.J. Sindt, James J. Higgins, Randall K. Phebus, James S. Drouillard

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Trial 1. Finishing beef heifers (345 head) were used in a 153-day finishing trial to evaluate the effects of feeding six levels of Dakota Gold®-brand dried distiller's grains with solubles (DDGS): 0%, 15%, 30%, 45%, 60%, 75% (dry basis), on the number of acid resistant E. coli and coliforms. Fecal grab samples were taken on day 65 and day 100, 2 and 20 hours after feeding, and were analyzed for acid resistant E. coli and total coliforms, as well as pH and VFA. There was a significant linear increase in fecal pH with increased DDGS at both 2 ...


Impacts Of Food Safety On Beef Demand, T.L. Marsh, N.E. Piggott Jan 2002

Impacts Of Food Safety On Beef Demand, T.L. Marsh, N.E. Piggott

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

This study investigates whether food safety incidents involving beef, pork, and poultry, and the accompanying publicity have impacted United States meat demand. Beef demand is modeled as a function of beef prices, competing meat prices, meat expenditures, and food safety. Food safety indices are constructed separately for beef, pork, and poultry. Statistical tests reveal significant effects of food safety incidents on beef demand. The effect of an additional beef food safety incident on beef demand is negative, implying a detrimental impact on beef consumption. Spillover effects of pork and poultry safety incidents are positive and improve beef demand, revealing substitution ...


Effects Of Cooking Beef Muscles From Frozen Or Thawed States On Cooking Traits And Palatability, E. Obuz, Michael E. Dikeman Jan 2002

Effects Of Cooking Beef Muscles From Frozen Or Thawed States On Cooking Traits And Palatability, E. Obuz, Michael E. Dikeman

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

We used an electric belt grill to cook steaks from two muscles; outside round (biceps femoris), and loin strip (longissimus lumborum) from both frozen and thawed states. The color values L* and a*, Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF), juiciness, flavor, connective tissue amount, and overall tenderness did not differ (P>0.05) between steaks cooked from frozen and thawed states. Thawed steaks cooked faster and had less cooking loss. The biceps femoris had higher WBSF than longissimus and was rated less tender by trained panelists. Color values L*, a*, or b* did not differ (P>0.05) among the muscles. The ...


Effects Of Freezing And Location Within The Beef Longissimus Muscle (Strip Loin Steak) On Tenderness, R.R. Timm, John A. Unruh, Michael E. Dikeman, Melvin C. Hunt, John E. Boyer, James L. Marsden Jan 2002

Effects Of Freezing And Location Within The Beef Longissimus Muscle (Strip Loin Steak) On Tenderness, R.R. Timm, John A. Unruh, Michael E. Dikeman, Melvin C. Hunt, John E. Boyer, James L. Marsden

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Twenty-four USDA Select strip loins (IMPS 180) were aged (32°F) until 14 days postmortem and fabricated into longissimus muscle (strip loin) steaks (1-in. thick). Then, steaks were either cooked or stored at −20°F for an additional 17 days before they were thawed and cooked. Cores and sensory panel samples were removed from the medial, center, and lateral sections of each steak and locational identify maintained. In addition, a random composite of cubes from an entire steak was used for a sensory panel evaluation. Previously frozen steaks had lower Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF) values, less cooking loss, and a ...


Mechanical Force Measures On Uncooked Beef Longissimus Muscle Can Predict Tenderness Of Strip Loin Steaks, R.R. Timm, John A. Unruh, Michael E. Dikeman, M.C. Hunt, T.E. Lawrence, John E. Boyer, James L. Marsden Jan 2002

Mechanical Force Measures On Uncooked Beef Longissimus Muscle Can Predict Tenderness Of Strip Loin Steaks, R.R. Timm, John A. Unruh, Michael E. Dikeman, M.C. Hunt, T.E. Lawrence, John E. Boyer, James L. Marsden

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

We investigated mechanical force measurements on uncooked longissimus muscle as a means to predict Warner- Bratzler shear force (WBSF) and trained sensory panel tenderness (SPT) of cooked strip loin steaks. Uncooked steaks from 24 USDA Select strip loins (IMPS 180) were evaluated at 2 and 14 days postmortem using plumb bob and needle probe devices attached to an Instron Universal Testing Machine. Cooked steaks aged 14 days were then evaluated for WBSF and SPT. Regression models to predict SPT from needle probe and plumb bob measurements individually taken at 2 days postmortem had R2 of 0.54 and 0.51 ...


Timed-Insemination Of Beef Heifers Using Cosynch With One Or Two Initial Injections Of Gnrh, David M. Grieger, C.D. Holladay, D.R. Eborn Jan 2002

Timed-Insemination Of Beef Heifers Using Cosynch With One Or Two Initial Injections Of Gnrh, David M. Grieger, C.D. Holladay, D.R. Eborn

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Our purpose was to determine if giving an additional injection of GnRH to beef heifers synchronized with the Cosynch protocol would increase pregnancy rate to timed A.I. Eighty yearling beef heifers received an injection of GnRH, 7 days before receiving an injection of PGF (Cosynch). One half of the heifers were also given an injection of GnRH 14 days prior to the PGF injection (2xGnRH-Cosynch). All heifers were given a GnRH injection 2 days after PGF and inseminated at that time. Pregnancy rate for the 2xGnRH-Cosynch group (40%) was not different than that for the Cosynch group (50%) and ...


Timed Insemination Of Suckled Beef Cows After Ovulation Synchronizationwith Cosynch + Cidr, Sandra K. Johnson, Keith R. Harmoney, Jeffrey S. Stevenson Jan 2002

Timed Insemination Of Suckled Beef Cows After Ovulation Synchronizationwith Cosynch + Cidr, Sandra K. Johnson, Keith R. Harmoney, Jeffrey S. Stevenson

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Lactating beef cows (n=360) were synchronized using the Cosynch procedure; 100 μg of GnRH (day −7) followed in 7 days by 25 mg of PGF2α(day 0). A used intravaginal progesterone insert (CIDR-B) was inserted on day −7 and removed at the time of PGF2αadministration. Cows were assigned to a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement of four treatments: 1) insemination beginning at 48 vs. 60 hours after PGF2αand 2) administration of a second, 100 μg injection of GnRH or an equivalent volume of saline immediately after timed AI. Timed AI at either 48 or 60 hours after PGF2αin a ...


Maximizing Desirable Ground Beef Color With Cold Storage And Display Temperatures, R.A. Mancini, Melvin C. Hunt, Donald H. Kropf, K.A. Hachmeister, D.E. Johnson, John A. Fox Jan 2002

Maximizing Desirable Ground Beef Color With Cold Storage And Display Temperatures, R.A. Mancini, Melvin C. Hunt, Donald H. Kropf, K.A. Hachmeister, D.E. Johnson, John A. Fox

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

This study evaluated the combined effects of storage temperature, storage time, display temperature, display time, and fat level on ground beef color. Storage at 32°F minimized discoloration during display compared to storage at 40° and 48°F. Storage up to 12 days at 32°F did not affect ground beef color stability, whereas prolonged storage at 40° and 48°F increased discoloration dramatically. When storage was at 32°F, sales loss was 0.4%, compared to 62% at 48°F. Fat level did not influence discoloration. The use of 32°F during storage and display is essential for maximizing ...


Surface Roughening During Slicing Reduces Iridescence, T.E. Lawrence, Melvin C. Hunt, Donald H. Kropf Jan 2002

Surface Roughening During Slicing Reduces Iridescence, T.E. Lawrence, Melvin C. Hunt, Donald H. Kropf

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

We evaluated surface roughening during slicing as a way to decrease iridescence of pre-cooked cured beef bottom round, inside round, and eye of round roasts. Using a textured slicing blade surface decreased iridescence intensity and the area of iridescence compared to the control (smooth surface). Iridescence intensity and percentage of iridescent area was greatest in the eye of round, followed by the inside bottom round. Iridescence (both intensity and percentage of area) in sliced meat products can be reduced by using a meat-slicing blade with a textured face.


Effects Of Cold Shortening And Cooking Rate On Beef Tenderness, D.A. King, T.L. Wheeler, M. Koohmaraie, Michael E. Dikeman, Curtis L. Kastner Jan 2002

Effects Of Cold Shortening And Cooking Rate On Beef Tenderness, D.A. King, T.L. Wheeler, M. Koohmaraie, Michael E. Dikeman, Curtis L. Kastner

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A study was conducted to determine if excised, cold-shortened muscle improves in tenderness with refrigerated aging. Changes in muscle tenderness due to cooking rates were also evaluated. Beef ribeye and shoulder clod muscles from the left side of 12 carcasses were removed 45 min postmortem and placed in an ice bath to induce cold shortening. Corresponding muscles from the right side were chilled conventionally on the intact side. One-inch steaks from these muscles were either frozen at 24 hours or aged for 14 days at 40ºF before being cooked and analyzed. Steaks were analyzed raw, or cooked to 160ºF internally ...


Effects Of End-Point Temperature, Reheating, Holding Time, And Holding Temperature On Beef Tenderness, E. Obuz, Michael E. Dikeman Jan 2002

Effects Of End-Point Temperature, Reheating, Holding Time, And Holding Temperature On Beef Tenderness, E. Obuz, Michael E. Dikeman

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

We cooked steaks from two muscles; outside round (biceps femoris), and strip loin (longissimus lumborum) with an electric belt grill. Biceps femoris steaks had higher Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF), connective tissue force (WB Cforce), and myofibrillar force (WB Mforce) values than longissimus lumborum steaks. Holding biceps femoris steaks at 144°F after cooking increased WB C-force (P<0.05) and WB M-force (P<0.01) as compared to holding them at 135°F. Holding biceps femoris steaks for 15 min decreased shear force by 12%, whereas the decrease was only 3% from holding for 30 min, likely because more moisture was lost with the longer holding time. Reheating had the only significant effect on longissimus lumborum steaks' WB measures because low collagen content of this muscle is not affected by holding time or temperature.


Effects Of Injection Marination With Various Calcium Sources And Molar Concentrations On Display Color Life, Tenderness, And Microbial Inhibition Of Beef Loin Steaks, T.E. Lawrence, Melvin C. Hunt, Michael E. Dikeman, Curtis L. Kastner, James L. Marsden Jan 2002

Effects Of Injection Marination With Various Calcium Sources And Molar Concentrations On Display Color Life, Tenderness, And Microbial Inhibition Of Beef Loin Steaks, T.E. Lawrence, Melvin C. Hunt, Michael E. Dikeman, Curtis L. Kastner, James L. Marsden

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Beef strip loins were assigned to one of 11 treatments that included injection marination (10% by weight) with three calcium salts at three molar concentrations, a distilled water control, and a non-marinated control. The effects of calcium salt and concentration were tested for retail display color life, tenderness and sensory traits, and microbial growth. Calcium lactate marinated steaks had longer color life and less microbial growth than those treated with calcium chloride or calcium ascorbate. Increasing molar concentration (.1M to .2M to .3M) caused faster color deterioration, and did not significantly improve microbial inhibition. All calcium treatments improved tenderness; however ...


Comparison Of The Beef Empire Days Index With Carcass Pricing For Ranking Beef Carcasses, D.A. King, R.D. Jones, D.E. Schafer, Michael E. Dikeman Jan 2002

Comparison Of The Beef Empire Days Index With Carcass Pricing For Ranking Beef Carcasses, D.A. King, R.D. Jones, D.E. Schafer, Michael E. Dikeman

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Our study evaluated the effectiveness of the Beef Empire Days carcass index in ranking beef carcasses compared to rankings based on carcass prices. Two price sets were used: the average prices between January 1998 and June 2001, and a short-range price determined from the average prices between April and September of 2001. Additionally, carcass data from the top live-placing cattle were compared to the data of the highest indexing carcasses. The live show judges were very accurate in selecting for ribeye size. However, they selected cattle that were fatter, but did not marble as well as the high indexing carcasses ...


Efficiency Differences In Kansas Beef Cow-Calf Production, L. Stryker, R. Jones, M. Langmeier Jan 2002

Efficiency Differences In Kansas Beef Cow-Calf Production, L. Stryker, R. Jones, M. Langmeier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

For the beef industry to be economically competitive with other meat industries, it is essential that individual producers strive for the most efficient, highest quality, least cost production possible. A sample of 26 Kansas beef cow-calf enterprises from the Kansas Standardized Performance Analysis database (SPA) was used to measure efficiency differences among producers, as well as factors contributing toward these differences. On average, farms were 86% technical, 69% economic, and 58% overall efficient. Thus, our results suggest that output could be increased by 14% with optimal technology use, and cost could be decreased by 42% if farms were fully economically ...


Dakota Gold®-Brand Dried Distiller’S Grains With Solubles: Effects On Finishing Performance And Carcass Characteristics, C.M. Gordon, J. Gosch, J.J. Sindt, Sean P. Montgomery, J.N. Pike, T.J. Kessen, M.J. Sulpizio, M.F. Spire, James J. Higgins, James S. Drouillard Jan 2002

Dakota Gold®-Brand Dried Distiller’S Grains With Solubles: Effects On Finishing Performance And Carcass Characteristics, C.M. Gordon, J. Gosch, J.J. Sindt, Sean P. Montgomery, J.N. Pike, T.J. Kessen, M.J. Sulpizio, M.F. Spire, James J. Higgins, James S. Drouillard

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A 153-day trial was conducted using 345 heifers to determine optimal level of Dakota Gold dried distiller's grains with solubles (DDGS) in finishing diets based on steam-flaked corn. Diets contained six levels of DDGS: 0%, 15%, 30%, 45%, 60%, and 75%. DDGS affected average daily gain, final weight and hot carcass weight, all of which increased with 15% DDGS and then decreased as additional DDGS was added. Growth performance of heifers fed 30% DDGS was similar to those fed no DDGS. In general, heifers were overfinished, with 61% being Yield Grade 3 or greater and 83% grading Choice or ...


Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Finishing Steers Fed Dried, Full-Fat Corn Germ, T.J. Kessen, M.J. Sulpizio, M.F. Spire, R.T. Ethington, James S. Drouillard Jan 2002

Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Finishing Steers Fed Dried, Full-Fat Corn Germ, T.J. Kessen, M.J. Sulpizio, M.F. Spire, R.T. Ethington, James S. Drouillard

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Three hundred and fifty-eight crossbred beef steers (average initial weight 701 lb) were fed finishing diets containing 0, 5, 10, or 15% full-fat corn germ to evaluate effects on growth performance and carcass characteristics. Steers were placed into dirt-surfaced feedlot pens (12 to 16 head each) in December 2000 with a total of six pens per diet. Average daily gains during the 155-day finishing period were 2.83, 2.99, 3.01 and 2.93 lb/day for cattle fed 0, 5, 10, and 15% corn germ, respectively. Dry matter intakes decreased linearly (P<0.05) with increasing concentrations of full-fat corn germ in the diet. Relative to cattle fed no corn germ, efficiencies were improved by 8, 11, and 9% for cattle fed 5, 10, or 15% germ, respectively. Feeding corn germ also reduced the incidence of liver abscesses (P<0.05) compared to cattle fed the control diet. Dried, full-fat corn germ can be used successfully in cattle finishing diets to increase energy density and animal performance.


Evaluation Of Performance In Receiving Heifers Fed Different Sources Of Dietary Lipid, T.B. Farran, H.J. Labrune, Sean P. Montgomery, J.J. Sindt, C.M. Coetzer, R.D. Hunter, James J. Higgins, James S. Drouillard, Dale A. Blasi Jan 2002

Evaluation Of Performance In Receiving Heifers Fed Different Sources Of Dietary Lipid, T.B. Farran, H.J. Labrune, Sean P. Montgomery, J.J. Sindt, C.M. Coetzer, R.D. Hunter, James J. Higgins, James S. Drouillard, Dale A. Blasi

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two 35-day receiving experiments were conducted using 668 highly stressed crossbred beef heifers to evaluate differences in growth performance, morbidity, and mortality when fed diets containing differing sources of dietary lipid. Heifers received diets containing beef tallow, tallow enriched with a microalgae product containing a high proportion of docosahexaenoic acid (an omega-3 fatty acid), full-fat soybeans, or ground flaxseed. All diets contained approximately 60% concentrate and 40% roughage (alfalfa hay). Feed intake, daily gain, and feed efficiency were poorer (P<0.05) for cattle fed full-fat soybeans than for those fed the other treatments. Feed intake tended to be reduced when micro-algae was top-dressed to the diet, but gain was not negatively impacted. In Trial 2, feed efficiency was improved by the micro-algae. No notable differences among treatments were evident in the percentage of cattle treated for bovine respiratory disease, but cattle fed flaxseed tended to respond better to therapeutic treatments, requiring fewer retreatments.


Effects Of Melengestrol Acetate (Mga) On Performance And Carcass Quality Of Feedlot Heifers, J.T. Fox, M.F. Spire, T.J. Kessen, M.J. Sulpizio, James S. Drouillard Jan 2002

Effects Of Melengestrol Acetate (Mga) On Performance And Carcass Quality Of Feedlot Heifers, J.T. Fox, M.F. Spire, T.J. Kessen, M.J. Sulpizio, James S. Drouillard

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Sixty yearling heifers (827 lb initial body weight) were fed finishing diets an average of 95 days. To eliminate social interaction and riding, they were fed in individual pens. Diets were formulated using steam-flaked corn and alfalfa hay. Thirty of the heifers were given 0.5 mg/head daily of MGA. Feed intakes, daily gains, and feed efficiencies were not significantly affected by MGA. However, heifers fed MGA had a greater percentage of carcasses grading USDA Prime and Choice. There also was greater incidence of USDA yield grade 3 and 4 carcasses with MGA supplementation. MGA generally increased fat deposition ...


Immune Response In Feeder Cattle Fed Different Sources Of Dietary Lipid, T.B. Farran, M.F. Spire, J.J. Sindt, Sean P. Montgomery, C.M. Coetzer, H.J. Labrune, J. Ernest Minton, James J. Higgins, T.H. Elsasser, James S. Drouillard Jan 2002

Immune Response In Feeder Cattle Fed Different Sources Of Dietary Lipid, T.B. Farran, M.F. Spire, J.J. Sindt, Sean P. Montgomery, C.M. Coetzer, H.J. Labrune, J. Ernest Minton, James J. Higgins, T.H. Elsasser, James S. Drouillard

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two studies were conducted utilizing crossbred beef steers to evaluate immune response following endotoxin challenge. In Trial 1 steers (n = 20; 688 lb BW) were fed diets containing rolled full-fat soybeans (SOY) or tallow (TALLOW). In Trial 2, steers (n=18; 780 lb BW) were fed diets containing TALLOW, flaxseed (FLAX), or a micro-algae (ALGAE) top-dressed to the TALLOW diet. Both FLAX and ALGAE were sources of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. In both trials, diets were fed for a 14-day acclimation period prior to intravenous injection of a bacterial lipopolysaccharide(LPS) endotoxin. Injection of LPS in Trial 1 resulted in ...


Improving The Utilization Of Soybean Hulls By Cattle With Digestive Enzyme And Dietary Buffer Supplementation, C.A. Löest, E.C. Tigemeyer, B.J. Johnson, A.M. Trater, B.D. Lambert, James S. Drouillard Jan 2002

Improving The Utilization Of Soybean Hulls By Cattle With Digestive Enzyme And Dietary Buffer Supplementation, C.A. Löest, E.C. Tigemeyer, B.J. Johnson, A.M. Trater, B.D. Lambert, James S. Drouillard

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Four ruminally cannulated Holstein steers (749 lb) were used in a 4 x 4 Latin square experiment to evaluate the benefits of supplementing digestive enzymes and dietary buffers to a soybean hull-based diet fed to steers once daily at 15.4 lb/day (as fed basis). Treatments were arranged as a 2 x 2 factorial with factors being two levels (0 and 3 grams/day) of digestive enzymes and two levels (0 and 93 grams/day) of dietary buffers. Buffers and enzymes were thoroughly mixed with the soybean hull-based diet to provide a completely mixed ration. Digestive enzyme or buffer ...


Steam-Flaked Corn Diets Containing Combinations Of Wet Corn Gluten Feed And Alfalfa Hay: Effects On Diet Digestibility And Ruminal Characteristics, J.J. Sindt, Sean P. Montgomery, J.N. Pike, T.B. Farran, C.M. Coetzer, James J. Higgins, James S. Drouillard, Evan C. Titgemeyer Jan 2002

Steam-Flaked Corn Diets Containing Combinations Of Wet Corn Gluten Feed And Alfalfa Hay: Effects On Diet Digestibility And Ruminal Characteristics, J.J. Sindt, Sean P. Montgomery, J.N. Pike, T.B. Farran, C.M. Coetzer, James J. Higgins, James S. Drouillard, Evan C. Titgemeyer

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Twelve ruminally cannulated Jersey steers were used to measure digestibility and ruminal characteristics of steam-flaked corn based diets containing combinations of wet corn gluten feed (WCGF) and alfalfa hay (AH). Starch intake was lower (P<0.05), but neutral detergent fiber intake was higher (P<0.05) as AH and WCGF increased in the diet. Ruminal pH was increased by AH (linear, P<0.05) and tended (P<0.07) to increase with WCGF. Feeding higher levels of WCGF tended to increase passage rate (P=0.17) and decreased (P<0.05) total tract organic matter digestibility. Flaked corn diets containing at least 25% WCGF may contribute enough roughage to allow reduction of alfalfa hay levels.


Effects Of Grain Processing And Lipid Addition To Finishing Diets On Cattle Performance And Blood Constituents, H.J. Labrune, A.M. Trater, J.N. Pike, Sean P. Montgomery, T.B. Farran, J.J. Sindt, James S. Drouillard Jan 2002

Effects Of Grain Processing And Lipid Addition To Finishing Diets On Cattle Performance And Blood Constituents, H.J. Labrune, A.M. Trater, J.N. Pike, Sean P. Montgomery, T.B. Farran, J.J. Sindt, James S. Drouillard

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Experiments were conducted to evaluate effects of grain processing and lipid source on finishing cattle performance, carcass characteristics, and plasma concentrations of glucose, urea, and α-amino nitrogen (amino acids). Eighty yearling Hereford x Angus steers (847 lb) were fed diets containing either steam-flaked corn or dry-rolled corn, both fed with and without 4% added tallow. In a fifth diet, ground flaxseed (equivalent to 4% lipids) replaced a portion of steam-flaked corn. Diets were fed once daily for 85 days. As expected, cattle fed steam-flaked corn were more efficient than steers fed dry-rolled corn. Adding tallow had little effect on ...


Effect Of Methionine Supplementation On Methionine Metabolism In Growing Cattle, B.D. Lambert, C.A. Löest, Evan C. Titgemeyer Jan 2002

Effect Of Methionine Supplementation On Methionine Metabolism In Growing Cattle, B.D. Lambert, C.A. Löest, Evan C. Titgemeyer

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Methionine is often the first limiting amino acid for growing cattle. This study was conducted to determine how methionine metabolism is regulated in the liver of growing steers. Six ruminally cannulated steers were used in a replicated 3 x 3 Latin square experiment. Either 0, 5, or 10 g/day L-methionine was infused into the abomasum. These treatments were designed to be deficient, adequate, and in excess of the steers' requirements for methionine. Methionine supplementation linearly increased protein deposition and decreased the activity of methionine synthase (a methionine conserving enzyme). However, it had little effect on activity of cystathionine synthase ...