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Cattlemen's Day

1992

Articles 1 - 30 of 45

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Heritabilities And Genetic Correlations Of Ultrasound-Measured Ribeye Area With Other Performance Traits In Brangus Cattle, M.Z. Johnson, R.R. Schalles, W. Olson, Michael E. Dikeman Jan 1992

Heritabilities And Genetic Correlations Of Ultrasound-Measured Ribeye Area With Other Performance Traits In Brangus Cattle, M.Z. Johnson, R.R. Schalles, W. Olson, Michael E. Dikeman

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Heritabilities and genetic correlations for ultrasound-measured ribeye area and fat thickness, as well as growth traits and scrotal circumference, were determined using performance records of 1613 Brangus calves born from 1987 to 1990. Moderate heritabilities of .39 for weaning and .40 for yearling ultrasound- measured ribeye area indicate that selection to change these traits should be effective. The positive, and generally large, genetic correlations between ultrasound-measured ribeye areas and growth traits indicate that genetic change of these traits can be made in tandem. The low heritability (.14) of fat thickness, the small amount of fat, and the lack of variation ...


Evaluation Of Interseeded Grain Sorghum And Soybeans As A Silage Crop, L.H. Harbers, K.K. Bolsen, H. Hartadi Jan 1992

Evaluation Of Interseeded Grain Sorghum And Soybeans As A Silage Crop, L.H. Harbers, K.K. Bolsen, H. Hartadi

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Dry matter yield of grain sorghum alone averaged more than 1.0 ton per acre higher than that of intercropped grain sorghum-soybeans in both 1988 and 1989. All silage yields were lower in 1989 because of drought. Grain sorghum silage had less NDF and ADF, but intercropped silages had over 4 percentage units more crude protein. Digestibility coefficients for crude protein, NDF, and ADF tended to favor intercropped silages, but yearling steer performance favored grain sorghum silage. Studies over 4 years (1986 to 1989) suggest that intercropping might be more beneficial for dairy cattle producers than beef producers.


Performance Of Rat-Tail Calves, R.R. Schalles, Douglas A. Powell, L.V. Cundiff, J.B. Glaze Jan 1992

Performance Of Rat-Tail Calves, R.R. Schalles, Douglas A. Powell, L.V. Cundiff, J.B. Glaze

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The rat-tail syndrome occurs in a small percentage of calves produced by crossing Continental breeds of cattle with Angus or Holstein. These calves are characterized by short, curly, malformed, sometimes sparse body hair and an abnormal tail switch. The performance of 43 rat-tail calves was compared to that of 570 normal calves of the same breeding and contemporary groups. All rat-tail calves were sired by Simmental bulls and were from cows with various percentages of Angus breeding. As the percentage of Angus increased, the frequency of rat-tail calves increased. The rat-tail condition had no effect on birth weight, weaning weight ...


Use Of Low-Level Grain Supplementation In An Intensive-Early Stocking Program: Influence On Daily Gain And Forage Production, R.C. Cochran, E.S. Vanzant, Robert T. Brandt Jr., Clenton E. Owensby, Lisa M. Auen Jan 1992

Use Of Low-Level Grain Supplementation In An Intensive-Early Stocking Program: Influence On Daily Gain And Forage Production, R.C. Cochran, E.S. Vanzant, Robert T. Brandt Jr., Clenton E. Owensby, Lisa M. Auen

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A 4-year experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of increasing amounts of grain supplementation on steer gains and forage production in pastures managed under an intensive-early stocking system. Average daily gain tended to increase in direct proportion to increasing level of sorghum grain supplementation (2.19, 2.43 and 2.59 lb/day for the control, 2 and 4 lb/day supplement levels, respectively). The amount of grass remaining in the pastures at the end of the grazing season (approximately July 15) also increased in direct proportion to increasing sorghum grain supplementation. Forage remaining in the pastures at the ...


Effect Of Deworming With Ivomec® On Reproductive Performance Of Yearling Beef Heifers, Robert L. Larson, L.R. Corah, M.F. Spire, R.C. Cochran Jan 1992

Effect Of Deworming With Ivomec® On Reproductive Performance Of Yearling Beef Heifers, Robert L. Larson, L.R. Corah, M.F. Spire, R.C. Cochran

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

To determine the effect of deworming fallborn yearling heifers on reproductive parameters, 78 heifers were allotted to a either Ivomec® or control treatments. The heifers were dewormed in June and October when they were approximately 7 and 11 months old, respectively. Ivomec effectively lowered fecal egg counts from treated heifers compared to controls. In these heifers that were maintained on a marginal plane of nutrition, deworming not only improved weight gains but also hastened onset of puberty and improved conception rate during a 60-day breeding season. The positive effect of Ivomec on these reproductive characteristics could not be explained by ...


Effect Of Physical Form And Level Of Alfalfa In Corn-Based Diets For Finishing Steers, Robert T. Brandt Jr., Ronald V. Pope Jan 1992

Effect Of Physical Form And Level Of Alfalfa In Corn-Based Diets For Finishing Steers, Robert T. Brandt Jr., Ronald V. Pope

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

One hundred-eighty British crossbred steers (760 lb) were used in a 3x2 factorially arranged experiment to evaluate the main effects of alfalfa form (chopped hay, dehydrated pellets, or a 50:50 mixture of hay:dehy) and level (5 or 10% of diet DM) on finishing steer performance. Alfalfa (third-cutting, 23.9% CP) was harvested in alternate rows from a common field. No interactions between alfalfa form and level were detected. Steers fed chopped hay or the 50:50 mixture gained faster (P < .05), consumed more feed (P < .05), and had heavier final and carcass weights (P < .05) than steers fed dehy pellets. Steers fed 10% alfalfa gained faster (P < .05), consumed more feed (P < .0003), and had heavier carcass weights (P < .02) vs those fed 5% alfalfa. Feed efficiency was unaffected by alfalfa form or level. Lower feed intakes and numerically higher incidences of liver abscesses indicated less ruminal tactile stimulation and more subacute acidosis for dehy pellets vs hay or the 50:50 mixture and for 5 vs 10% alfalfa, respectively. Positive associative responses of 5.1% (P = .07) on daily gain and 2.9% (P = .11) on dry matter intake suggested that the 50:50 mixture provided enough long particles for adequate rumen function at the alfalfa levels studied. Our results suggests more dehy pellets than chopped hay must be fed to provide similar roughage value.


Rate And Extent Of Losses From Top Spoilage In Pilot-Scale, Horizontal Silos, J.T. Dickerson, K.K. Bolsen, B.E. Brent, C. Lin, John E. Boyer Jan 1992

Rate And Extent Of Losses From Top Spoilage In Pilot-Scale, Horizontal Silos, J.T. Dickerson, K.K. Bolsen, B.E. Brent, C. Lin, John E. Boyer

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Corn and forage sorghum silages were stored in pilot-scale silos for 180 days, and dry matter (DM) and organic matter (OM) recoveries and estimated OM recovery were measured at three depths within the top 3 ft. of silage. The unsealed silages deteriorated badly in the top 12 in. Actual DM and OM losses in the top 24 in. were higher in unsealed than sealed silages at each successive storage period (7 to 180 days). The unsealed silages began to deteriorate immediately in the top 12 in. in both crops, and deterioration progressed to the second 12 in. by 90 days ...


Influence Of Fat And Monensin Levels On Performance Of Finishing Steers, Robert T. Brandt Jr., Ronald V. Pope Jan 1992

Influence Of Fat And Monensin Levels On Performance Of Finishing Steers, Robert T. Brandt Jr., Ronald V. Pope

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

To evaluate effects and potential interaction of supplemental fat (0 to 4% tallow) and monensin (0, 20, 40 g/ton) in a corn-based finishing diet, 96 Continental crossbred steers (860 lb) were used in a 2x3 factorially arranged randomized complete block design. Consumption by steers fed the 0% fat diet decreased linearly (P<.0001) with increased monensin level, whereas consumption by steers fed 4% fat diets decreased curvilinearly (P<.08), indicating that monensin depressed intake much less when the diet contained fat. Daily gain decreased linearly (P<.02) with increased monensin level for steers fed no supplemental fat, but remained constant in steers fed 4% fat. Feed efficiency was improved (P<.025) by 4% fat across levels of monensin. This study provides further evidence of interactions between monensin and supplemental fat in effects on animal performance.


Effects Of Interactions Between Aspergillus Oryzae Extract (Amaferm) And Antimicrobial Compounds On The Growth Of Ruminal Bacteria, A.A. Beharka, Tiruvoor G. Nagaraja Jan 1992

Effects Of Interactions Between Aspergillus Oryzae Extract (Amaferm) And Antimicrobial Compounds On The Growth Of Ruminal Bacteria, A.A. Beharka, Tiruvoor G. Nagaraja

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The effect of Amaferm, with or without antimicrobial compounds, was determined on the growth rate of pure cultures of predominant ruminal bacteria. Adding Amaferm to media containing chlortetracyline or neomycin tended to diminish the negative effects of those compounds on the growth rate of some ruminal bacteria, even when they had shown no positive response to Amaferm alone. However, adding Amaferm to media containing tylosin decreased the growth rate of Selenomonas ruminantium D. These results indicate that Amaferm interacts both positively and negatively with certain antimicrobial compounds.


The Effects Of Slow-Release Copper Boluses On Cow Reproductive Performance And Calf Growth, J.D. Arthington, Robert L. Larson, L.R. Corah Jan 1992

The Effects Of Slow-Release Copper Boluses On Cow Reproductive Performance And Calf Growth, J.D. Arthington, Robert L. Larson, L.R. Corah

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two Kansas cow/calf herds known to be copper deficient were utilized to examine the effect of slow-release copper boluses. In herd I, 34 spring-calving cows and calves were divided into a treated and control group at 3-4 months following calving. In herd II, 1106 fall-calving cows and 172 calves were divided into a treated and control group at 3-4 months following calving. In both herds, cow liver and serum samples were collected and assayed for copper and iron. Cows in herd II were also examined for various reproductive parameters. Calf ADG was monitored over a 42-day treatment period in ...


Effect Of Supplemental Grain Sorghum And Overseeding With Ladino Clover On Grazing And Subsequent Feedlot Performance Of Steers Early-Intensively Grazed On Acremonium Coenophialum - Infected Tall Fescue Pastures, K.P. Coffey, Joseph L. Moyer, Lyle W. Lomas, F.K. Brazle Jan 1992

Effect Of Supplemental Grain Sorghum And Overseeding With Ladino Clover On Grazing And Subsequent Feedlot Performance Of Steers Early-Intensively Grazed On Acremonium Coenophialum - Infected Tall Fescue Pastures, K.P. Coffey, Joseph L. Moyer, Lyle W. Lomas, F.K. Brazle

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Eighty mixed breed steers (avg. wt. 560 lb.) were used to evaluate the effect on grazing gain and subsequent feedlot performance of different management options for steers early-intensively grazing Acremonium coenophialuminfected tall fescue pastures. Steers were allotted to pastures of infected fescue pastures or infected fescue overseeded with ladino clover and received no supplement or were offered grain sorghum at .25% of their body weight. Neither supplementation nor overseeding affected grazing or feedlot performance. However, grain supplementation on overseeded pastures reduced subsequent feedlot feed efficiency (P<.10). These management options did not substantially affect grazing or subsequent feedlot performance by steers early-intensively grazing infected fescue pastures.


Synchronization Of Estrus In Yearling Beef Heifers With The Mga®/Prostaglandin System: I. Effect On Inducement Of Puberty And Conception Rates, L.R. Corah, J.R. Yaeger, J.C. Whittier, J.C. Meiske, D.J. Patterson, K. C. Olson Jan 1992

Synchronization Of Estrus In Yearling Beef Heifers With The Mga®/Prostaglandin System: I. Effect On Inducement Of Puberty And Conception Rates, L.R. Corah, J.R. Yaeger, J.C. Whittier, J.C. Meiske, D.J. Patterson, K. C. Olson

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

We evaluated the estrous response and fertility of yearling beef heifers after treatment with melengestrol acetate (MGA) and prostaglandin F2" (PG). The 304 heifers, at three locations, were allotted to two treatments: nonsynchronized controls and those receiving .5 mg MGA per head daily for 14 days followed by a 25 mg PG injection 17 days after the end of MGA feeding (MGA/PG). Heifers in the control and MGA/PG groups were artificially inseminated 12 hours after observed estrus for 21 days or 6 days after PG, respectively. Conception rate at first service and overall pregnancy rate did not differ ...


Synchronization Of Estrus In Yearling Beef Heiferswith The Melengestrol Acetate®/Prostaglandin F2"System: Ii. Timed Insemination, Robert L. Larson, L.R. Corah, S.V. Viker Jan 1992

Synchronization Of Estrus In Yearling Beef Heiferswith The Melengestrol Acetate®/Prostaglandin F2"System: Ii. Timed Insemination, Robert L. Larson, L.R. Corah, S.V. Viker

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Inseminating heifers 72 hr after the PG injection in the melengestrol acetate/ prostaglandin F (MGA®/PG) estrous synchronization system, without regard to behavioral estrus, tended to improve (P=.2) the percent of heifers pregnant to artificial insemination (AI) when compared to synchronized heifers bred 12 h after they were first detected in estrus. In the timed inseminated treatment, heifers exhibiting behavioral estrus 48 to 72 h after PG tended to have a higher (P<.12) conception rate to AI than heifers showing estrus within 48 h after PG. For situations in which the number of heifers conceiving to AI is more economically important than first service conception rate, or when labor restrictions make estrous detection impossible, timed insemination at 72 h after PG in the MGA/PG system shows promise as a management option.


Synchronization Of Estrus In Yearling Beef Heifers With The Mga®/Prostaglandin F2Α System: Iii. Timed Insemination After 72 Hours Of Estrous Detection, Robert L. Larson, L.R. Corah Jan 1992

Synchronization Of Estrus In Yearling Beef Heifers With The Mga®/Prostaglandin F2Α System: Iii. Timed Insemination After 72 Hours Of Estrous Detection, Robert L. Larson, L.R. Corah

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The percentage of heifers conceiving to artificial insemination (AI) following melengestrol acetate/prostaglandin F2"(MGA®/PG) estrous synchronization can be increased by mass insemination of all heifers not showing estrus by 72 h after PG. Inseminating at 12 h after estrus detection all heifers showing estrus within 72 h after PG; then inseminating those not detected in estrus by 72 h after PG as a group increased the proportion of heifers conceiving to AI by 10.8%.


Influence Of Source And Amount Of Dietary Protein On The Performance And Reproductive Function Of First-Calf Heifers, W.C. Rusche, R.C. Cochran, L.R. Corah, Jeffrey S. Stevenson, D.L. Harmon Jan 1992

Influence Of Source And Amount Of Dietary Protein On The Performance And Reproductive Function Of First-Calf Heifers, W.C. Rusche, R.C. Cochran, L.R. Corah, Jeffrey S. Stevenson, D.L. Harmon

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Increasing the amount of dietary protein above the NRC requirement increased weight gain of nursing first-calf heifers. Feeding a protein source with higher ruminal escape potential and increasing protein in the diet both improved calf gains. No significant changes in reproductive function or milk production were observed from either source or amount of dietary protein.


Effects Of Niacin And Aspirin On Serum Prolactin And Body Temperature Of Heifers Fed Endophyteinfected Tall Fescue, Robert L. Larson, L.R. Corah Jan 1992

Effects Of Niacin And Aspirin On Serum Prolactin And Body Temperature Of Heifers Fed Endophyteinfected Tall Fescue, Robert L. Larson, L.R. Corah

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Feeding niacin to cattle consuming endophyte (Acremonium coenophialum)-infected tall fescue elevated their serum prolactin concentrations to levels similar to those of heifers fed hay containing a low content of endophyte. Heifers fed high-endophyte hay, with or without aspirin, had lower serum prolactin concentrations than heifers fed low-endophyte fescue hay (P<.1). Compared to control cattle fed high-endophyte hay, neither niacin nor aspirin lowered morning or evening body temperatures during the period August 16 to September 4. Feeding aspirin did not lower body temperature or increase prolactin concentration in animals fed high-endophyte fescue forage. Some benefit was seen when niacin was added to the diet, as evidenced by higher (P<.01) prolactin concentrations; however body temperature was not lowered.


Production And Marketing Factors Influencing Fed Cattle Prices, J. Mintert, R. Jones, F. Brazle, Ted C. Schroeder Jan 1992

Production And Marketing Factors Influencing Fed Cattle Prices, J. Mintert, R. Jones, F. Brazle, Ted C. Schroeder

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

An analysis of more than 1400 pens of cattle marketed during 1990 examined the influence of several cattle traits and marketing factors on fed cattle prices. Cattle quality grade had an important impact on packer bids and feedyard asking prices. However, both feedyard asking and packer purchase prices reflected less than 25%, on average, of estimated wholesale value differentials. Other factors, including estimated dressing percentage, finish uniformity, cattle weight, number of head purchased, presence of heiferettes, and cattle type had significant price impacts. Feedyards generally received what they asked for cattle; 65% of the pens sold for their asking prices ...


Factors Affecting Variability In Feedlot Steer Profits, Michael R. Langemeier, J. Mintert, Ted C. Schroeder Jan 1992

Factors Affecting Variability In Feedlot Steer Profits, Michael R. Langemeier, J. Mintert, Ted C. Schroeder

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

This study examined the relative importance of price and animal performance factors on cattle finishing profitability. Using data from a single feedlot, sale prices, feeder prices, and corn prices explained 90 to 95% of the variation in steer profits. About 50% of the variability was explained by fed cattle prices alone. Because sale, feeder, and corn prices have a large impact on profits per head, cattle feeders should attempt to manage the risks associated with these three factors.


Comparison Of Feeding Calves Vs. Yearlings, D.T. Hickok, R.R. Schalles, D.E. Franke, Michael E. Dikeman Jan 1992

Comparison Of Feeding Calves Vs. Yearlings, D.T. Hickok, R.R. Schalles, D.E. Franke, Michael E. Dikeman

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Data from the 207 crossbred steers used in this study indicate that when calves are placed in the feedlot on a finishing ration at weaning, they will have better feed efficiencies, greater lifetime ADGs, lighter carcass weights, and equal carcass qualities compared to those placed as yearlings. In recent times, heavy carcass weights have been rather common in the industry. Every over-weight steer had a desirable weight at one time, and this study shows that they would have produced a desirable carcass if managed correctly.


Effect Of Presponse® On The Gain And Health Of Long-Hauled, Newly Arrived Calves, F.K. Brazle Jan 1992

Effect Of Presponse® On The Gain And Health Of Long-Hauled, Newly Arrived Calves, F.K. Brazle

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Five hundred mixed-breed steer and bull calves (246 lbs) were divided into two treatment groups, with one group receiving a new Pasteurella haemolytica vaccine (Presponse®) at arrival. There was no difference between groups in terms of gain, mortality, or morbidity during the 32-day receiving study. The Presponse group required fewer (P<.09) medication days per animal purchased, resulting in $1.68 less drug cost per head than the control group.


Effect Of Castration Method On Stocker Health And Gain, F.K. Brazle Jan 1992

Effect Of Castration Method On Stocker Health And Gain, F.K. Brazle

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two field trials were conducted to compare two different band-castration techniques with surgical castration of calves and yearlings. In Trial I, the bull calves were surgically castrated or banded with Elastrator® rubber rings and compared with calves purchased as steers. Purchased steers gained faster (P<.05) during the 33-day receiving trial than bulls castrated by either method, but no difference was observed in percentage of sick calves. In Trial II, yearling bulls were surgically castrated or banded with the EZE® Bloodless Castrator device. Yearlings purchased as steers gained faster (P<.05) than EZE-castrated bulls during the 110-day trial. Bulls castrated by either method required more medications (P<.07) than steers. In both trials, there was no advantage to banding compared with surgical castration of bulls in terms of gain or health.


Record-Keeping Systems For Beef Safety And Feedlot Health, C.D. Cranwell, D.D. Simms Jan 1992

Record-Keeping Systems For Beef Safety And Feedlot Health, C.D. Cranwell, D.D. Simms

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Three hundred nine feedlots were mailed questionnaires to ascertain the types of recordkeeping systems currently being used to monitor health programs and FDA-specified treatment withdrawal times. Microcomputer systems were of special interest. Approximately one third of the feedlots responded. A majority with a one-time feeding capacity of more than 10,000 head were using a microcomputer record-keeping system, whereas most of those with fewer than 10,000 head used a manual, paper-based system. Those feedlots using computerized record-keeping systems had purchased their software package from one of five companies. Managers felt these software packages were adequate for billing customers, monitoring ...


Effect Of 1174® Silage Inoculant On The Fermentation Of Corn Silages, K.K. Bolsen, C. Lin, B.E. Brent, J.E. Bradford, A.M. Feyerherm Jan 1992

Effect Of 1174® Silage Inoculant On The Fermentation Of Corn Silages, K.K. Bolsen, C. Lin, B.E. Brent, J.E. Bradford, A.M. Feyerherm

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The effect of 1174® Silage Inoculant on the ensiling process was studied using three Pioneer corn hybrids. All hybrids fermented rapidly, and 1174 did not significantly influence any of the fermentation characteristics during the 120 days. The epiphytic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) counts on the chopped corn plants were high; 14 times greater than the numbers of LAB provided by the inoculant. Although during fermentation, statistically significant differences occurred among the hybrids for fermentation end-products, no observed trends suggested that hybrid effects were real.


Losses From Top Spoilage In Horizontal Silos In Western Kansas, J.T. Dickerson, G. Ashbell, K.K. Bolsen, B.E. Brent, L. Pfaff, Y. Niwa Jan 1992

Losses From Top Spoilage In Horizontal Silos In Western Kansas, J.T. Dickerson, G. Ashbell, K.K. Bolsen, B.E. Brent, L. Pfaff, Y. Niwa

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The top 3 ft. of silage from each of 30 horizontal silos in western Kansas was sampled at three locations across the width of the silo for 2 consecutive years (1990 and 1991). Ninety-five percent of the silages were either corn or forage sorghum, and only 22 percent of the silos were sealed with polyethylene sheeting. Losses of organic matter (OM) from spoilage were estimated by using ash content as an internal marker. Sealing silos dramatically reduced the estimated spoilage losses in the top 3 ft. All silages had greater estimated spoilage losses in the top 18 in. in 1991 ...


Losses From Top Spoilage In Corn And Forage Sorghum Silages In Horizontal Silos, J.T. Dickerson, K.K. Bolsen, B.E. Brent, C. Lin Jan 1992

Losses From Top Spoilage In Corn And Forage Sorghum Silages In Horizontal Silos, J.T. Dickerson, K.K. Bolsen, B.E. Brent, C. Lin

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Corn and forage sorghum silages were stored in small (simulated), farm-scale, bunker silos for 180 days, and dry matter (DM) and organic matter (OM) losses; fermentation characteristics; and temperatures were measured at 10, 20, and 30 inches from the original silage surface. Sealing the exposed surface significantly increased DM and OM recoveries in both crops, regardless of depth. Immediate sealing preserved more DM and OM than delayed sealing, particularly at the 10-in. depth. The unsealed silages from both crops maintained dramatically higher temperatures within the top 3 ft. than sealed silages. As expected, the unsealed silages deteriorated completely at 10- ...


Effects Of Estradiol Or An Estradiol-Trenbolone Acetate Reimplant Scheme And Time On Feed On Performance And Carcass Traits Of Finishing Steers, Robert T. Brandt Jr., Michael E. Dikeman, Sally L. Stroda Jan 1992

Effects Of Estradiol Or An Estradiol-Trenbolone Acetate Reimplant Scheme And Time On Feed On Performance And Carcass Traits Of Finishing Steers, Robert T. Brandt Jr., Michael E. Dikeman, Sally L. Stroda

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two hundred eighty-eight predominantly British and British crossbred steers (702 lb) were used in a 2x3 factorially arranged experiment. Main effect factors were reimplant scheme [estradiol (E2) vs estradiol plus trenbolone acetate (E2 + TBA)] and time on feed (111, 125 or 139 days). The initial slaughter occurred when 65 to 70% of all steers were estimated to grade low Choice. No interactions occurred for any variable measured. Reimplanting 57 days after the initial implant with E2 + TBA increased overall daily gain 6.9% (P<.003) and feed efficiency 4.9% (P<.005). Feeding steers for an additional 14 or 28 days resulted in linear decreases in overall daily gain (P<.005) and feed efficiency (P<.0004). Reimplanting with E2 + TBA increased (P<.001) carcass weight but did not reduce marbling score or percent Choice carcasses. Feeding steers for an additional 14 or 28 days resulted in linear increases (P<.0001) in hot carcass weight, ribeye area, adjusted backfat (P<.004), and skeletal maturity (P<.0005). Additional days on feed increased dressing percentage (P<.002) and marbling score (P<.05) curvilinearly and tended (P=.25) to increase the percentage of carcasses grading Choice and Prime. Incidence of dark cutters was higher (P<.05) for E2 + TBA carcasses, and was very high at the first slaughter date (54 days after reimplantation). Although feeding for an additional 14 or 28 days can result in heavier live and carcass weights, higher dressing percentage, and increased marbling, poor efficiency of gain may create negative feeding margins.


A Comparison Of Beef Flavor Intensity Among Major Muscles, C.F. Carmack, J.R. Schwenke, Curtis L. Kastner, Michael E. Dikeman Jan 1992

A Comparison Of Beef Flavor Intensity Among Major Muscles, C.F. Carmack, J.R. Schwenke, Curtis L. Kastner, Michael E. Dikeman

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Twelve muscles from eight Select/Choice grade steers were evaluated for beef flavor intensity, tenderness, and juiciness. Sample steaks were cut, and evaluation was performed by a five-member professional panel. The biceps femoris ranked highest in beef flavor intensity but was not different (P>.05) from the psoas major, gluteus medius, semimembranosus, and triceps brachii (scores of 7.8, 7.5, 7.4, 7.4, and 7.3, respectively). The rectus femoris, longissimus lumborum, serratus ventralis, infraspinatus, semitendinosus, deep pectoral, and supraspinatus were less intense in beef flavor (7.1, 7.1, 7.0, 6.8, 6.8, 6.7 ...


Variation In The Quality Of Forage Grazed By Pregnant/Lactating Beef Cows At Key Periods In The Year, E.S. Vanzant, R.C. Cochran, T.A. Stanley Jan 1992

Variation In The Quality Of Forage Grazed By Pregnant/Lactating Beef Cows At Key Periods In The Year, E.S. Vanzant, R.C. Cochran, T.A. Stanley

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Seven ruminal and esophageally fistulated crossbred beef cows were used to monitor changes in chemical composition of tallgrass-prairie forage selected during November of 1989 and January, March, June, and August of 1990. Quality of forage selected by beef cows was lowest during the period just before calving (cows calved in early February) but had begun to improve by the March sampling (postpartum period) and reached its peak during June sampling period (breeding season). Observed variability in the fiber and protein components of grazed forage highlights the dynamic nature of forage quality and emphasizes the importance of using such information when ...


Beef Empire Carcass Merit Days Index System, T.H. Powell, S.D. Laudert, R.W. Lee, G. Seibert, John A. Unruh, Michael E. Dikeman Jan 1992

Beef Empire Carcass Merit Days Index System, T.H. Powell, S.D. Laudert, R.W. Lee, G. Seibert, John A. Unruh, Michael E. Dikeman

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Kansas State University, in cooperation with the Beef Empire Days committee, developed a new beef carcass index system for 1991, incorporating yield and quality traits as indicators of carcass merit. Development of the system considered current industry and consumer demands in a critical evaluation of final carcass ranking. The index starts from 100 points and applies positive and negative adjustments for hot carcass weight; ribeye area; adjusted 12th rib fat thickness; percent kidney, pelvic, and heart fat; and quality grade. The index was first used in 1991.


Influence Of Level Of Supplemental Alfalfa Hay On The Performance Of Beef Cows Grazing Winter Bluestem Range, E.S. Vanzant, R.C. Cochran Jan 1992

Influence Of Level Of Supplemental Alfalfa Hay On The Performance Of Beef Cows Grazing Winter Bluestem Range, E.S. Vanzant, R.C. Cochran

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

One hundred thirteen pregnant Hereford x Angus cows were used to study the effect of increasing levels of supplemental alfalfa hay on performance when grazing winter bluestem range. Although no differences were observed in reproductive performance, increasing the amount supplemental alfalfa from approximately .5% up to 1.0% of body weight resulted in increased weight gain and reduced condition loss in cows and increased weaning weight in calves. However, time spent grazing was significantly decreased in those groups receiving larger amounts of supplemental alfalfa.