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Cattlemen's Day

1991

Articles 31 - 34 of 34

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Influence Of Supplemental Fat And Monensin Plus Tylosin On Performance And Carcass Traits Of Finishing Steers, Robert T. Brandt Jr., J.K. Elliott, Tiruvoor G. Nagaraja Jan 1991

Influence Of Supplemental Fat And Monensin Plus Tylosin On Performance And Carcass Traits Of Finishing Steers, Robert T. Brandt Jr., J.K. Elliott, Tiruvoor G. Nagaraja

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Interactions between supplemental fat (3.5%) and monensin plus tylosin (25 plus 10 g/ton, respectively) on animal performance and carcass traits were evaluated in a 125-d finishing trial. Interactions on feed consumption (P=.07) and feed efficiency (P=.11) suggested that the ionophore response was diminished in the presence of supplemental fat. Steers fed monensin plus tylosin had a lower (P=.005) incidence of liver abscesses whether fat was fed or not, indicating that supplemental fat had no effect on tylosin activity.


Supplementation Of Ammoniated Wheat Straw In Wintering Diets Of Gestating Beef Cows, T.J. Beck, D.D. Simms, Robert T. Brandt Jr., R.C. Cochran, Gerry L. Kuhl Jan 1991

Supplementation Of Ammoniated Wheat Straw In Wintering Diets Of Gestating Beef Cows, T.J. Beck, D.D. Simms, Robert T. Brandt Jr., R.C. Cochran, Gerry L. Kuhl

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

During two winters, 96 beef cows in late gestation were utilized in 60-day precalving feeding trials to evaluate supplementation for cows fed ammoniated wheat straw. Treatments included: control--mineral supplement only (C), 3 lbs milo + mineral (3M), 6 lb milo + mineral (6M), and 2.75 lb milo + .75 lb soybean meal + mineral (SBM). 3M increased (P<.05) cow gain over control but body condition changes were similar. 6M and SBM resulted in similar gains and body weight changes, which were higher than those of cows receiving either C or 3M. Birth weight of calves, percent cycling at the start of breeding, and percent pregnant after a 60-day breeding season were not affected by treatment. Natural protein appears to be a major limiting nutrient in cows fed ammoniated wheat straw.


Influence Of Water Treatment On Digestion Dynamics Of Steers Consuming High- And Low-Forage Diets, D.L. Harmon, A.D. Flood Jan 1991

Influence Of Water Treatment On Digestion Dynamics Of Steers Consuming High- And Low-Forage Diets, D.L. Harmon, A.D. Flood

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The influence of drinking water treatment (Oxion Inc., Hugoton, KS) on digestion and metabolism was evaluated in steers fed low- and high-forage diets. Water treatment did not influence digestibility of any nutrient measured nor did it influence the profile of ruminal metabolites. Water treatment did increase water consumption two- to threefold and also increased ruminal fractional water outflow (%/h) for steers fed the high forage, but not the high concentrate, diet. Increased water consumption could be a beneficial response, but it is not known if water consumption increases with management programs different than those used in the present study.


Predicting Nutritional Composition Of Corn Grain Using Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy, G. Garcia-Lagombra, L.H. Harbers Jan 1991

Predicting Nutritional Composition Of Corn Grain Using Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy, G. Garcia-Lagombra, L.H. Harbers

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Corn grain samples collected over several years were used to develop equations for dry matter, crude protein, crude fiber, and ether extract (crude fat). Two computer models were used to select samples having a range of spectra (presumably a range of nutrient values) for developing calibration equations. Both methods selected an unexpectedly small number of samples; however, only the prediction of crude fiber appears questionable. Although coefficients of determination values are expected to be low with a small number of samples, standard errors of validation and prediction are consistently lower than those of standard (AOAC) methods, suggesting that the technology ...