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Cattlemen's Day

1976

Articles 1 - 30 of 30

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Harvesting Sorghum Stover, G.E. Fairbanks, J.D. Hoover Jan 1976

Harvesting Sorghum Stover, G.E. Fairbanks, J.D. Hoover

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two types of big round balers and a small stackmaker were used to harvest grain sorghum stubble after the grain was harvested during the fall and winter months of 1975. The stubble was about 21 inches high and about 4 inches of stubble was left after windrowing.


Whey-Reconstituted Milo For Finishing Beef Heifers, K. Bolsen, C. Grimes, R. Mickelson Jan 1976

Whey-Reconstituted Milo For Finishing Beef Heifers, K. Bolsen, C. Grimes, R. Mickelson

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Three milo treatments were evaluated in finishing rations for heifers: dry-rolled, reconstituted with water, and reconstituted with whey. Reconstituting milo with water or whey did not increase weight gain or efficiency of heifers over that of heifers fed dry-rolled milo. The slowest and least efficient gains were produced by the water-reconstituted milo. Performances were similar for the dry-rolled and whey-reconstituted milo treatments.


Excreta Silage For Maintaining Pregnant Cows And Heifers, M. Mckee, K.L. Conway, G. Fink, K. Kimple, J.D. Hoover, Jack G. Riley Jan 1976

Excreta Silage For Maintaining Pregnant Cows And Heifers, M. Mckee, K.L. Conway, G. Fink, K. Kimple, J.D. Hoover, Jack G. Riley

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Preliminary trials the summer of 1975 tested the value of excreta silage for maintain pregnant cows and heifers. Ingredients in the excreta silage were wheat straw, cattle excreta, corn, and molasses. Eighty mature cows were divided into three lots and received either excreta silage, alfalfa haylage, or ½ excreta silage and ½ alfalfa haylage as sources of roughage for 59 days (July 25 to September 22). Cows receiving excreta silage tended to gain more than cows on haylage or ½ haylage and ½ excreta silage. Twenty-nine, sixteen-month old, pregnant, part Simmental heifers were divided into two lots. One group received ...


Reliability Of U.S.D.A. Beef Carcass Yield Grades In Reflecting Differences In Retail Yields, R.J. Lipsey, Dell M. Allen, Michael E. Dikeman Jan 1976

Reliability Of U.S.D.A. Beef Carcass Yield Grades In Reflecting Differences In Retail Yields, R.J. Lipsey, Dell M. Allen, Michael E. Dikeman

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Retail cut-out and U.S.D.A. yield grade data were obtained on 1,121 carcasses of steers from Hereford and Angus dams mated artificially to Hereford, Angus, Jersey, Limousin, South Devon, Simmental and Charolais bulls. Calves were weaned when approximately 215 days old, conditioned 28 days, fed an average of 218 days after weaning before being slaughtered in a commercial slaughter plant. Carcass cooler data were obtained and the right side of each carcass was cut into closely trimmed, essentially boneless retail cuts at the KSU food service building. Beef yield grades do reflect definite differences in retail yields ...


Effect Of Rumensin On Performance Of Finishing Steers, G. Fink, Jack G. Riley Jan 1976

Effect Of Rumensin On Performance Of Finishing Steers, G. Fink, Jack G. Riley

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two hundred ten Hereford x Angus crossbred yearling steers were used in two trials to determine effects of Monensin (trade name Rumensin) on performance and carcass characteristics. Top dressing a protein supplement (crumbles or pellets) containing Rumensin was an acceptable way to feed the compound in trial 1. Rumensin increased gain 2.0% reduced feed intake 4.3%, and improved feed efficiency 6.1%. Trial 2 was conducted to determine if Rumensin could be fed to steers after they had been on a high concentrate ration at least 56 days. Four levels (1, 10, 20, and 30 grams per ton ...


Feedlot Performance By Month In Kansas, D.R. Ames Jan 1976

Feedlot Performance By Month In Kansas, D.R. Ames

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Feedlot data on 202 lots involving approximately 40,000 steers collected for five years were used to characterize feedlot performance each month of the year. Intake, average daily gain (ADG), and feed efficiency were measured. ADG was predicted for mean daily temperature (MDT).


Forage And Grain Yields Of Wheat And Barley, K. Bolsen, L.L. Berger, W. Moore Jan 1976

Forage And Grain Yields Of Wheat And Barley, K. Bolsen, L.L. Berger, W. Moore

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Our objectives were to determine the effects of variety and stage of plant growth at harvest on forage and grain yields of wheat and barley. Plots were grown at the Animal Science and Industry Farm near Manhattan in 1973-74 and 1974-75 and at the South Central Kansas Experiment Field at Hutchinson in 1974-75. Hard red winter wheat varieties used were Parker, Eagle and Sage; soft red winter wheats were Arthur-71 and Blue Boy II. Three winter barley varieties were Paoli, Jefferson and Kanby. All cereals were harvested for forage in boot, milk and dough stages of plant growth and each ...


Wheat, Barley And Corn Silage Rations And Urea For Growing Steers, K. Bolsen, Jack G. Riley Jan 1976

Wheat, Barley And Corn Silage Rations And Urea For Growing Steers, K. Bolsen, Jack G. Riley

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Eight rations were fed to 15 yearling steers (3 pens of 5 steers each). Arthur wheat, Paoli barley and corn silages were supplemented with either soybean meal or urea; Blue Boy II and Eagle wheat silages were supplemented with soybean meal. All steers were full-fed a 12.5% crude protein ration containing 86% silage and 14% supplement. Results of the 84-day trial show steers fed the four corn and barley silage rations gained faster and more efficiently than those fed wheat silages. Steers fed Arthur and Eagle silage rations performed similarly. Those fed Blue Boy II silage made the slowest ...


Efficacy Of Trolene 40 Insecticidal Premix To Control Grubs In Feedlot Cattle, G. Fink, Jack G. Riley Jan 1976

Efficacy Of Trolene 40 Insecticidal Premix To Control Grubs In Feedlot Cattle, G. Fink, Jack G. Riley

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Ninety Angus crossbred steers originating from northwestern Nebraska and averageing 440 lb. were used to evaluate the efficacy of Trolene 40 insecticidal premix to control cattle grubs in feedlot cattle. Thirty steers were randomly assigned to each of these three treatments: (1) control; (2) .0018 lb. runnel/100 lb. body weight per day for 7 days; (3) .0009 lb. runnel/100 lb. body weight for 14 days. The active ingredient was incorporated into a ground-sorghum-grain premix and fed in the complete ration. The trial started November 21; the 14-day feeding ended December 2, 1974. Grub counts were made February 27 ...


Feeding Propionic Acid-Treated, Flaked Sorghum To Finishing Steers, Terry L. Gugle, G. Fink, Jack G. Riley Jan 1976

Feeding Propionic Acid-Treated, Flaked Sorghum To Finishing Steers, Terry L. Gugle, G. Fink, Jack G. Riley

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Fifty-four yearling Hereford steers averaging 805 pounds were used in an 86-day finishing trial to determine the effect of adding low levels of propionic acid to steam flaked sorghum grain. Three treatments were examined. Treatment one consisted of sorghum grain steam flaked twice weekly for a maximum of 4 days between flaking. Treatment two was the same as treatment 1 except that propionic acid was added into the discharge auger at 0.15% of the weight of the flakes. Treatment three was flaking once a week with propionic acid added at 0.25% of the weight of the flakes. Both ...


Response Of Yearling Steers To Burning And Fertilizing Pasture And Intensive Early Season Stocking (Bluestem Pastures), L.H. Harbers, R.R. Schalles, E.F. Smith, Clenton E. Owensby, Don Boggs Jan 1976

Response Of Yearling Steers To Burning And Fertilizing Pasture And Intensive Early Season Stocking (Bluestem Pastures), L.H. Harbers, R.R. Schalles, E.F. Smith, Clenton E. Owensby, Don Boggs

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Nine pastures totaling 492 acres were summer grazed by yearling Hereford, Hereford-Angus cross, and Angus steers distributed equally by breed. Five pastures were burned April 22, 1975; four were not burned. Burned and nonburned pastures had 0, 40, or 80 lbs. of nitrogen per acre applied aerially April 29, 1975. Stocking rates were determined with herbage production data from experimental plots under similar treatments. Under equal fertilization and stocking ratios, burned and fertilized pastures produced as much or more average daily gain and more gain per acre than nonburned pastures. Fertilizing and heavier stocking tended to reduce average daily gains ...


Evaluation Of The New (Usda, 1974) Carcass Beef Quality Grade Standards, D.R. Campion, J.D. Crouse, Michael E. Dikeman Jan 1976

Evaluation Of The New (Usda, 1974) Carcass Beef Quality Grade Standards, D.R. Campion, J.D. Crouse, Michael E. Dikeman

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Carcasses from 1,117 steers from Hereford and Angus dams mated artificially to Hereford, Angus, Charolais, Jersey, South Devon, Simmental and Limousin sires were studied. The study was to evaluate the UDSA 1965 quality grade ('65-QG) standards in relation to palatability of rib steaks, and also to see how the new grades change the distribution of carcasses in each grade. Rib steaks from 494 of these carcasses were cooked and evaluated by a taste panel; a rib steak from each of the 1,117 carcasses was cooked and measured for tenderness by a Warner-Bratzler shear-device. All data were adjusted to ...


Factors Influencing Net Income From A Steer Through Feedlot, J.K. Blum, R.R. Schalles, K.O. Zoellner Jan 1976

Factors Influencing Net Income From A Steer Through Feedlot, J.K. Blum, R.R. Schalles, K.O. Zoellner

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Steers entering feedlots with higher starting weight per day of age had greater net value a t slaughter than lighter steers. Faster gaining steers brought the highest net income. Age on feed did not influence net income. High dressing percentage increased the net income but generally the relationship was low between carcass traits and net income.


Synchronization Of Estrus In Beef Cows, M. Heekin, G.H. Kiracofe, V. Hultine, R.R. Schalles, R.M. Mckee Jan 1976

Synchronization Of Estrus In Beef Cows, M. Heekin, G.H. Kiracofe, V. Hultine, R.R. Schalles, R.M. Mckee

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

We used 79 cows to evaluate Syncromate B (G.D. Searle, Co.) as an estrus-synchronizing agent. Management of five groups of cows was: (1) nonsynchronized, bred naturally; (2) nonsynchronized, bred artificially; (3) synchronized, bred naturally; (4) synchronized, bred artificially at estrus; and (5) synchronized, bred artificially 60 hours after implant was removed. Conception rates were not affected by artificial breeding or synchronization. However, not all cows synchronized showed estrus. Percentages of cows bred during the first 25 days of the breeding season were 72.2, 71.4, 84.6, 68.7, 83.8 for groups 1 through 5, respectively.


Effects Of Inbreeding On Postweaning Performance Of Shorthorn Beef Cattle, M.H. Hall, W.H. Smith, R.R. Schalles Jan 1976

Effects Of Inbreeding On Postweaning Performance Of Shorthorn Beef Cattle, M.H. Hall, W.H. Smith, R.R. Schalles

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two inbred lines of Shorthorn beef cattle were established during 1950 to evaluate inbreeding. Analyses of postweaning production data for the first four generations of inbreeding indicate that inbreeding in calves depresses yearling type score, average daily gain, and weight per day of age, but not feed efficiency. The growth depression effects were relatively minor, however. Inbreeding in dams of the calves did not significantly affect any of those traits. Observations to date indicate that mild inbreeding will not cause fitness traits to deteriorate in beef cattle.


Cow And Calf Performances As Affected By Fertilizing And Burning Bluestem Pastures, R.R. Schalles, L.H. Harbers, E.F. Smith, Clenton E. Owensby, Don Boggs Jan 1976

Cow And Calf Performances As Affected By Fertilizing And Burning Bluestem Pastures, R.R. Schalles, L.H. Harbers, E.F. Smith, Clenton E. Owensby, Don Boggs

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Burning and fertilizing Bluestem pastures were evaluated by comparing performances of spring-calving cows and calves that grazed them. Two control-pastures were not burned or fertilized; two pastures were burned; and two were burned and fertilized with 40 pounds of nitrogen an acre, applied aerially. Neither average daily gains or the calves nor reproductive performance of the cows differed significantly among treatments, but more pounds of calf were weaned per acre from pastures burned and fertilized.


Effects Of Growth Promoting Implants Gains Of Nursing Calves, L. Corah, K. Kimple, M. Mckee, Jack G. Riley Jan 1976

Effects Of Growth Promoting Implants Gains Of Nursing Calves, L. Corah, K. Kimple, M. Mckee, Jack G. Riley

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Both steer and heifer calves gain significantly (P<.05) faster on summer pasture with growth-promoting implants than calves not implanted. Ralgro, Synovex-S, and Synovex-H were tested, with no significant advantage for one Implant type.


Response Of Yearling Steers On Bluestem Pasture To Ralgro, Synovex S And Stilbestrol Implants, E.F. Smith, Jack G. Riley, Don Boggs Jan 1976

Response Of Yearling Steers On Bluestem Pasture To Ralgro, Synovex S And Stilbestrol Implants, E.F. Smith, Jack G. Riley, Don Boggs

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

One hundred seventy-five Hereford, Hereford-Angus cross and Angus steers, averaging 553 lbs., were distributed as equally as possible by breed among four pastures. The pasture season was May 2 to October 5, 1975 (152 days). A third of the steers in each pasture were implanted with one of the three following materials: Ralgro, Synovex S, Stilbestrol (30 mg.). There was no significant difference in gains by the groups. Previous research has shown that Stilbestrol implants increase weight gains of steers on bluestem pasture 10 to 15 percent.


Adjusting Protein In Cattle Rations During Cold Weather, D.R. Ames Jan 1976

Adjusting Protein In Cattle Rations During Cold Weather, D.R. Ames

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two winter trials have indicated that protein can be removed from growing rations during cold weather without lowering average daily gain. Cattle consumed 0.29 and 0.33 lb/hd/da (0.11 and 0.15 kg/hd/da) less protein supplement (soybean oil meal) during winters 1975 and 1976, respectively.


Methods Of Improving Quality Of Grass-Fed Beef, Melvin C. Hunt, Donald H. Kropf, V. Chen, A. Harrison, O. Corte, C. Kuntapanit, M.E. Smith, J. Thomas, Curtis L. Kastner Jan 1976

Methods Of Improving Quality Of Grass-Fed Beef, Melvin C. Hunt, Donald H. Kropf, V. Chen, A. Harrison, O. Corte, C. Kuntapanit, M.E. Smith, J. Thomas, Curtis L. Kastner

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Ten steers of known background, approximately 18 months old, and wintered on alfalfa and protein were finished on a brome and bluestem grazing program. Carcass characteristics were measured. The influence of conditioning carcass halves at 55 F until eight hours post-mortem was compared with conventional chilling at 36 F. Finally, the effects of vacuum storage and display on beef quality were evaluated.


Effect Of Rumensin On Performance Of Growing Heifers, K. Bolsen, L. Corah, G. Fink, Jack G. Riley Jan 1976

Effect Of Rumensin On Performance Of Growing Heifers, K. Bolsen, L. Corah, G. Fink, Jack G. Riley

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

We used 136 Hereford heifer calves in two studies to determine the effect on performance of 200 mg monensin (trade name Rumensin) per head daily. It significantly improved gain by 7.5% and 4.6% in trials 1 and 2 respectively, and significantly improved efficiency 11.6% and 12.2%, respectively.


Energy Levels For Growing And Finishing Steers, K. Bolsen, Michael E. Dikeman, Jack G. Riley Jan 1976

Energy Levels For Growing And Finishing Steers, K. Bolsen, Michael E. Dikeman, Jack G. Riley

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Four combinations of low (LE), moderate (ME) and high (HE) energy rations were fed to growing and finishing steers. The four treatments were: LE-ME; LE-HE; ME-ME and ME-HE. All steers were more efficient during the growing phase (473 to 750 lbs.) than the finishing phase (750 to 1050 lbs.). During the growing phase, performance of steers fed the ME ration exceeded that of steers fed the LE ration. During the finishing phase, performance of steers fed the HE ration exceeded that of steers fed the ME ration. Steers on the LE-HE treatment required more energy per lb. of gain than ...


Milo Stover And Forage Sorghum Silages For Growing Heifers, K. Bolsen, L. Corah, C. Grimes, Jack G. Riley Jan 1976

Milo Stover And Forage Sorghum Silages For Growing Heifers, K. Bolsen, L. Corah, C. Grimes, Jack G. Riley

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Ninety-six heifer calves were used to compare four silage combinations: (1) 100% milo stover, (2) 67% milo stover and 33% forage sorghum, (3) 33% milo stover and 67% forage sorghum and (4) 100% forage sorghum. Each ration was fed to four pens of six heifers each during the 88-day trial. Heifers fed 100% forage sorghum made the fastest and most efficient gains(P<.05); those fed 100% milo stover, the slowest and least efficient gains (P<.05). Based on gains obtained from these two rations, the 67% milo stover silage ration produced 16% faster gain than predicted; the 33% milo stover ration, a 5% faster gain than predicted.


Micronized Milo And Urea In High-Hay Growing Rations For Beef Heifers, K. Bolsen, Jack G. Riley Jan 1976

Micronized Milo And Urea In High-Hay Growing Rations For Beef Heifers, K. Bolsen, Jack G. Riley

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Twenty-four individually fed heifers were used to evaluate four combinations of micronized or dry-rolled milo and soybean meal or urea supplements in prairie hay growing rations. Feeding 5 lbs. of micronized milo produced 23% faster and 18% more efficient gains than feeding 5 lbs. of dry-rolled milo. Heifers fed micronized milo + urea tended to gain faster and more efficiently than heifers fed dry-rolled milo + soybean meal.


Energy Levels And Roughage Sources For Bulls On 140-Day Test, M. Mckee, K.L. Conway, G. Fink, R.R. Schalles, K.K. Bolsen, K.O. Zoellner Jan 1976

Energy Levels And Roughage Sources For Bulls On 140-Day Test, M. Mckee, K.L. Conway, G. Fink, R.R. Schalles, K.K. Bolsen, K.O. Zoellner

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Eight Hereford, 16 Angus, and 36 part Simmental bulls were tested for 140 days (October 15, 1974 to March 4, 1975) for weight gained. Bulls were divided into four groups and fed four rations that had been formulated for two energy levels (high or medium) and two sources of roughage (corn silage or oats and prairie hay). Average daily gains (lbs.) on the four rations were: high energy silage, 3.36; high energy oats and prairie hay, 3.31; low energy silage, 2.77; and low energy oats and prairie hay, 3.25.


Inducing Puberty In Beef Heifers With Hormones, R. Debenedetti, G.H. Kiracofe, V. Hultine, R.M. Mckee, R.R. Schalles Jan 1976

Inducing Puberty In Beef Heifers With Hormones, R. Debenedetti, G.H. Kiracofe, V. Hultine, R.M. Mckee, R.R. Schalles

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Twenty-six Polled Hereford and Simmental-cross heifers that had not cycled by the beginning of the breeding season were given an ear implant and injected with an estrogen-progestogen compound. The implant was removed after 9 days and all heifers were in estrus 1 to 5 days later. Six heifers conceived the first insemination, 11 the second, and 24 during the 65-day breeding season.


Synchronizing Estrus In Beef Heifers With Prostaglandin And Syncromate B, R.C. Debenedetti, G.H. Kiracofe, V. Hultine, R.M. Mckee, R.R. Schalles Jan 1976

Synchronizing Estrus In Beef Heifers With Prostaglandin And Syncromate B, R.C. Debenedetti, G.H. Kiracofe, V. Hultine, R.M. Mckee, R.R. Schalles

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Forty-five of 50 heifers were in estrus 1 to 5 days after 7-day synchronization implants were removed. Prostaglandin was injected one day before implants were removed. Thirty-one of the 45 (68.9%) heifers conceived to first artificial insemination service.


Flushing Cows, R.R. Schalles, G. Kiracofe, E.F. Smith Jan 1976

Flushing Cows, R.R. Schalles, G. Kiracofe, E.F. Smith

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Starting to flush cows 95 days before the breeding season began significantly increase conception rate and required less total feed.


Inheritance Of Some Reproductive Traits By Young Bulls, J.H. Warren, J. Blum, R.R. Schalles, G. Kiracofe, K. Henry, V. Hultine Jan 1976

Inheritance Of Some Reproductive Traits By Young Bulls, J.H. Warren, J. Blum, R.R. Schalles, G. Kiracofe, K. Henry, V. Hultine

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Severa1 reproductive traits of yearling Polled Hereford bulls were evaluated during and immediately after a 140-day feeding test. Results indicate that concentration of sperm and percentages of live sperm are heritable and genetically independent of each other. Heritability was low for sex drive or libido.


Sources Of Roughage And Milo For Finishing Steers, K. Bolsen, Jack G. Riley Jan 1976

Sources Of Roughage And Milo For Finishing Steers, K. Bolsen, Jack G. Riley

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

One hundred five yearling steers were used to evaluate seven milo treatments: (1) dry, (2) micronized, (3) steam flaked +.2% propionic acid (acid-flake), (4) field harvested high moisture (F-HM) ensiled whole in an 02 -limiting silo, (5) F-HM rolled and ensiled in a concrete stave silo, (6) reconstituted, high moisture (R-HM) ensiled whole in an 02 -limiting silo and (7) R-HM rolled and ensiled in a concrete stave silo; and three roughages: (1) corn silage, (2) equal parts sorghum silage and milo stover silage and (3) milo stover pellets. The complete mixed rations fed during the 92-day trial were 80 ...