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2017

Soybean

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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Assessing Causes Of Yield Gaps In Agricultural Areas With Diversity In Climate And Soils, Juan I. Rattalino Edreira, Spyridon Mourtzinis, Shawn P. Conley, Adam C. Roth, Ignacio A. Ciampitti, Mark A. Licht, Hans Kandel, Peter M. Kyveryga, Laura E. Lindsey, Daren S. Mueller, Seth L. Naeve, Emerson Nafziger, James E. Specht, Jordan Stanley, Michael J. Staton, Patricio Grassini Dec 2017

Assessing Causes Of Yield Gaps In Agricultural Areas With Diversity In Climate And Soils, Juan I. Rattalino Edreira, Spyridon Mourtzinis, Shawn P. Conley, Adam C. Roth, Ignacio A. Ciampitti, Mark A. Licht, Hans Kandel, Peter M. Kyveryga, Laura E. Lindsey, Daren S. Mueller, Seth L. Naeve, Emerson Nafziger, James E. Specht, Jordan Stanley, Michael J. Staton, Patricio Grassini

Agronomy Publications

Identification of causes of gaps between yield potential and producer yields has been restricted to small geographic areas. In the present study, we developed a novel approach for identifying causes of yield gaps over large agricultural areas with diversity in climate and soils. This approach was applied to quantify and explain yield gaps in rainfed and irrigated soybean in the North-Central USA (NC USA) region, which accounts for about one third of soybean global production. Survey data on yield and management were collected from 3568 producer fields over two crop seasons and grouped into 10 technology extrapolation domains (TEDs) according ...


Arkansas Soybean Performance Tests 2017, R. D. Bond, J. A. Still, D. G. Dombek Dec 2017

Arkansas Soybean Performance Tests 2017, R. D. Bond, J. A. Still, D. G. Dombek

Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Series

Soybean variety and strain performance tests are conducted each year in Arkansas by the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture’s Arkansas Crop Variety Improvement Program. The tests provide information to companies developing varieties and/or marketing seed within the State, and aid the Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service in formulating variety recommendations for soybean producers.


Horizontal Transmission Of Helicoverpa Armigera Nucleopolyhedrovirus (Hearnpv) In Soybean Fields Infested With Helicoverpa Zea (Boddie), Joseph Lee Black Dec 2017

Horizontal Transmission Of Helicoverpa Armigera Nucleopolyhedrovirus (Hearnpv) In Soybean Fields Infested With Helicoverpa Zea (Boddie), Joseph Lee Black

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Helicoverpa armigera Nucleopolyhedrovirus (HearNPV) is a commercially available viral biopesticide that targets Heliothines, including Helicoverpa zea (Boddie) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), the most damaging pest of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) in the Mid-South. Previous formulations of HearNPV have been well studied; however, no research has been published on current formulations. The first objective of this thesis was to assess the rate of horizontal transmission of HearNPV in a soybean field infested with H. zea when HearNPV was applied as a bio-insecticide, and to identify arthropods that are important obligate carriers in dissemination. HearNPV spread 200 feet in 3 fields, and was ...


Distinguishing Isolates Of Rotylenchulus Reniformis Endemic In Louisiana On The Basis Of Root-Associated Females And Egg Masses, Benjamin Mcinnes Nov 2017

Distinguishing Isolates Of Rotylenchulus Reniformis Endemic In Louisiana On The Basis Of Root-Associated Females And Egg Masses, Benjamin Mcinnes

LSU Master's Theses

The reniform nematode Rotylenchulus reniformis is a major pathogen of soybean and cotton in Louisiana. Previous studies have shown that populations of reniform nematode throughout the southern United States vary in reproduction and pathogenicity. Limited studies have been conducted to evaluate the reproduction and pathogenicity of populations of R. reniformis endemic in Louisiana. Studies with isolates of the nematode from eight cotton-producing parishes focused solely on reproduction of the root-associated infective and swollen female life stages with and without attached egg masses on the cotton genotypes MT2468 Ren3, M713 Ren5, and Stoneville 4946GLB2 and the soybean genotypes PI 548316, PI ...


Incorporation Of Biorationals And Trap Crop For Stink Bug Management In Soybeans, Kukuh Hernowo Nov 2017

Incorporation Of Biorationals And Trap Crop For Stink Bug Management In Soybeans, Kukuh Hernowo

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Stink bugs are one of the most important seed sucking pests impacting soybean production in Louisiana. Exploration of chemicals that exhibit attraction or repellent activities toward this major pest would be beneficial to develop a push-pull strategy against this pest complex. Spinosad and neem are two commercially available natural insecticides that were claimed to have attractant and repellent activities against stink bugs. To test the potential of these chemicals, a series of experiments was conducted to investigate the olfactory, tactile, feeding, and oviposition preference of stink bugs toward different commercial spinosad products and neem. Additionally, two years of field experiments ...


Microscopic Characterization Of A Transposon-Induced Male-Sterile, Female-Sterile Mutant In Glycine Max L., Katherine A. Thilges, Mark A. Chamberlin, Marc C. Albertsen, Harry T. Horner Oct 2017

Microscopic Characterization Of A Transposon-Induced Male-Sterile, Female-Sterile Mutant In Glycine Max L., Katherine A. Thilges, Mark A. Chamberlin, Marc C. Albertsen, Harry T. Horner

Genetics, Development and Cell Biology Publications

Premise of research. A male-sterile, female-sterile mutant was discovered in a w4-m mutable line of Glycine max L. The mechanism of its sterility was not well understood. Therefore, different cytological and microscopic techniques were undertaken to better understand the process of mutant phenotype development. Molecular research indicated that mer3 was responsible for the sterility.

Methodology. Macro images were collected of whole plants, flowers, anthers, pods, and ovules. Chromosome spreads from anthers at various meiotic stages were examined. Confocal scanning laser microscopy using optical sectioning was utilized on whole anthers and ovules at various developmental stages. Whole mature anthers and ...


Genetic Architecture Of Charcoal Rot (Macrophomina Phaseolina) Resistance In Soybean Revealed Using A Diverse Panel, Sara M. Coser, R. V. Chowda Reddy, Jiaoping Zhang, Daren S. Mueller, Alemu Mengistu, Kiersten A. Wise, Tom W. Allen, Arti Singh, Asheesh K. Singh Sep 2017

Genetic Architecture Of Charcoal Rot (Macrophomina Phaseolina) Resistance In Soybean Revealed Using A Diverse Panel, Sara M. Coser, R. V. Chowda Reddy, Jiaoping Zhang, Daren S. Mueller, Alemu Mengistu, Kiersten A. Wise, Tom W. Allen, Arti Singh, Asheesh K. Singh

Agronomy Publications

Charcoal rot (CR) disease caused by Macrophomina phaseolina is responsible for significant yield losses in soybean production. Among the methods available for controlling this disease, breeding for resistance is the most promising. Progress in breeding efforts has been slow due to the insufficient information available on the genetic mechanisms related to resistance. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) enable unraveling the genetic architecture of resistance and identification of causal genes. The aims of this study were to identify new sources of resistance to CR in a collection of 459 diverse plant introductions from the USDA Soybean Germplasm Core Collection using field and ...


The Soybean Rfg1 Gene Restricts Nodulation By Sinorhizobium Fredii Usda193, Yinglun Fan, Jinge Liu, Shanhua Lyu, Qi Wang, Shengming Yang, Hongyan Zhu Sep 2017

The Soybean Rfg1 Gene Restricts Nodulation By Sinorhizobium Fredii Usda193, Yinglun Fan, Jinge Liu, Shanhua Lyu, Qi Wang, Shengming Yang, Hongyan Zhu

Plant and Soil Sciences Faculty Publications

Sinorhizobium fredii is a fast-growing rhizobial species that can establish a nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with a wide range of legume species including soybeans (Glycine max). In soybeans, this interaction shows a high level of specificity such that particular S. fredii strains nodulate only a limited set of plant genotypes. Here we report the identification of a dominant gene in soybeans that restricts nodulation with S. fredii USDA193. Genetic mapping in an F2 population revealed co-segregation of the underlying locus with the previously cloned Rfg1 gene. The Rfg1 allele encodes a member of the Toll-interleukin receptor/nucleotide-binding site/leucine-rich repeat class of ...


The Effect Of Five Biomass Cropping Systems On Soil-Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity Across A Topographic Gradient, Lisa A. Schulte-Moore, Matthew J. Helmers, Randall K. Kolka Sep 2017

The Effect Of Five Biomass Cropping Systems On Soil-Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity Across A Topographic Gradient, Lisa A. Schulte-Moore, Matthew J. Helmers, Randall K. Kolka

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Understanding the environmental impact of bioenergy crops is needed to inform bioenergy policy development. We determined the effects of five biomass cropping systems—continuous maize (Zea mays), soybean (Glycine max)-triticale (Triticosecale ×)/soybean-maize, maize-switchgrass (Panicum virgatum), triticale/sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), and triticale-aspen (Populus alba × P. grandidentata)—on soil-saturated hydraulic conductivity (K S ) across a toposequence in central Iowa, USA. We compared data from the time of cropping system establishment in 2009 to 4 years post-establishment. Both our 2009 and 2013 data confirmed that cropping system impacts on K S vary by landscape position. We found that differences in cropping system ...


Effects Of Elicitor Induced Host Plant Resistance On Lepidopteran Insecticide Efficacy, Abigail Cox Aug 2017

Effects Of Elicitor Induced Host Plant Resistance On Lepidopteran Insecticide Efficacy, Abigail Cox

LSU Master's Theses

Soybean looper (SBL), Chrysodeixis includens (Walker), is an important defoliating Lepidopteran pest of southern U.S. soybean and utilizes other agronomic crops and weeds as hosts. With increasing resistance to insecticides, alternative control strategies such as induced host plant resistance were evaluated against SBL. Jasmonic acid (JA) is an elicitor of host plant resistance, and was selected to determine its fit in an IPM plan for SBL. JA was applied to the top of meridic SBL diet and fed to SBL; no effects were found. JA applied as an exogenous elicitor to cotton, sweet potato, okra, cowpea, and soybean did ...


Natural Air Drying And Storage Of Soybean Seed And Implications On Germination Rates, Vigor, And Oil Quality, Zachary Young Aug 2017

Natural Air Drying And Storage Of Soybean Seed And Implications On Germination Rates, Vigor, And Oil Quality, Zachary Young

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Recently introduced technology-comprising cables used for monitoring grain moisture content (MC) and temperature throughout the entire grain mass during drying offers a means to utilize low-temperature natural air-drying for soybean seed. From an electronic monitor and fan control standpoint, the new technology appears to be very promising for managing drying and storage conditions for soybean seed. The objectives for this study were to simulate conditions typically encountered in on-farm, in-bin drying systems and investigate impact of seed cultivar, temperature, moisture content and duration of storage on seed germination rates and vigor (electrical conductivity). In addition this research addresses the problem ...


Characterization Of The Relationships Between Soybean Yield, Trifoliolate Leaf Chloride Concentration, And Cultivar Chloride Inclusion/Exclusion Rating, Dillon Cox Aug 2017

Characterization Of The Relationships Between Soybean Yield, Trifoliolate Leaf Chloride Concentration, And Cultivar Chloride Inclusion/Exclusion Rating, Dillon Cox

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Chloride toxicity is recognized as yield limiting problem in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] production. Limited information is available to accurately diagnose and manage Cl toxicity. The only recommendation for Cl toxicity management is to plant an excluder cultivar, however the cultivar Cl sensitivity rating system (excluder, includer, and mixed) does not appear to capture the variability in cultivar Cl tolerance. The objectives of this research were to i) develop critical tissue-Cl concentrations in which yield loss occurs for excluder and includer cultivars and ii) investigate the variability in cultivar Cl ratings. A study was conducted across five site-years using ...


Genomic And Physiological Approaches To Improve Drought Tolerance In Soybean, Avjinder Kaler Aug 2017

Genomic And Physiological Approaches To Improve Drought Tolerance In Soybean, Avjinder Kaler

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Drought stress is a major global constraint for crop production, and improving crop tolerance to drought is of critical importance. Direct selection of drought tolerance among genotypes for yield is limited because of low heritability, polygenic control, epistasis effects, and genotype by environment interactions. Crop physiology can play a major role for improving drought tolerance through the identification of traits associated with drought tolerance that can be used as indirect selection criteria in a breeding program. Carbon isotope ratio (δ13C, associated with water use efficiency), oxygen isotope ratio (δ18O, associated with transpiration), canopy temperature (CT), canopy wilting, and canopy coverage ...


Gmmyb176 Interactome And Regulation Of Isoflavonoid Biosynthesis In Soybean, Arun Kumaran Anguraj Vadivel Jun 2017

Gmmyb176 Interactome And Regulation Of Isoflavonoid Biosynthesis In Soybean, Arun Kumaran Anguraj Vadivel

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

MYB transcription factors are one of the largest transcription factor families characterized in plants. They are classified into four types: R1 MYB, R2R3 MYB, R3 MYB and R4 MYB. GmMYB176 is an R1MYB transcription factor that regulates Chalcone synthase (CHS8) gene expression and isoflavonoid biosynthesis in soybean. Silencing of GmMYB176 suppressed the expression of the GmCHS8 gene and reduced the accumulation of isoflavonoids in soybean hairy roots. However, overexpression of GmMYB176 does not alter either GmCHS8 gene expression or isoflavonoid levels suggesting that GmMYB176 alone is not sufficient for GmCHS8 gene regulation. I hypothesized that GmMYB176 acts cooperatively with another ...


Effect Of The Mutant Danbaekkong Or Stem Termination Alleles On Soybean Seed Protein Concentration, Amino Acid Composition, And Other Seed Quality And Agronomic Traits, Mia Justina Cunicelli May 2017

Effect Of The Mutant Danbaekkong Or Stem Termination Alleles On Soybean Seed Protein Concentration, Amino Acid Composition, And Other Seed Quality And Agronomic Traits, Mia Justina Cunicelli

Masters Theses

Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] is the world’s leading source of vegetable oil and high quality protein meal. Increasing soybean protein concentration through selection while maintaining oil concentration and yield has been a constant goal for plant breeders, as there is a negative correlation between protein and oil and protein and yield. The objective of this study was to determine if marker assisted selection (MAS) for the Danbaekkong (Dan) protein allele influences agronomic and seed quality traits. A population of 24 F8:10 [eighth filial generation advanced to the tenth filial generation] near isogenic lines (NILs) of soybean ...


Exploring Multi-Year Soybean Yield Trial Data In South Dakota Environments, Jixiang Wu, Jianli Qi, Jonathan Kleinjan Apr 2017

Exploring Multi-Year Soybean Yield Trial Data In South Dakota Environments, Jixiang Wu, Jianli Qi, Jonathan Kleinjan

Conference on Applied Statistics in Agriculture

Crop performance test (CPT) is a common practice to evaluate yield performance and adaptability of each cultivar. In this study, we combined 16 years of soybean CPT data, which included six representative locations, three major maturity groups, and over 1000 cultivars, to determine some patterns associated with yield production. As expected, the repeatability for these cultivars in trial over years was very low. Thus, the data processing in this study was focused on descriptive statistics regarding time, location, and seed supplier and several linear model analyses. The results will be presented during the conference.


Modeling Gross Primary Production Of Midwest Maize And Soybean Croplands With Satellite And Gridded Weather Data, Gunnar Malek-Madani Apr 2017

Modeling Gross Primary Production Of Midwest Maize And Soybean Croplands With Satellite And Gridded Weather Data, Gunnar Malek-Madani

Theses and Dissertations in Geography

The gross primary production (GPP) metric is useful in determining trends in the terrestrial carbon cycle. Models that determine GPP utilizing the light use efficiency (LUE) approach in conjunction with biophysical parameters that account for local weather conditions and crop specific factors are beneficial in that they combine the accuracy of the biophysical model with the versatility of the LUE model. One such model developed using in situ data was adapted to operate with remote sensing derived leaf area index (LAI) data and gridded weather datasets. The model, known as the Light Use Efficiency GPP Model (EGM), uses a four ...


Emergence, Competition, And Management Of Glyphosate-Resistant Common Ragweed (Ambrosia Artemisiifolia L.) In Nebraska Soybean, Ethann R. Barnes Apr 2017

Emergence, Competition, And Management Of Glyphosate-Resistant Common Ragweed (Ambrosia Artemisiifolia L.) In Nebraska Soybean, Ethann R. Barnes

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

Common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.) is a competitive annual broadleaf weed in soybean (Glycine max) production fields throughout North America. The recent confirmation of glyphosate-resistant common ragweed in Nebraska justified the need to assess the emergence pattern and competitive ability of common ragweed in soybean and to evaluate alternative herbicide programs for effective management. The objectives of this research were to: 1) evaluate the effect of tillage and develop a predictive model for the emergence pattern of common ragweed in Nebraska; 2) model the competitive interaction between soybean and common ragweed as influenced by density and irrigation levels; 3) characterize ...


Draft Genome Sequence Of Cercospora Sojina Isolate S9, A Fungus Causing Frogeye Leaf Spot (Fls) Disease Of Soybean, Fanchang Zeng, Chaofan Wang, Guirong Zhang, Junmei Wei, Carl A. Bradley, Ray Ming Mar 2017

Draft Genome Sequence Of Cercospora Sojina Isolate S9, A Fungus Causing Frogeye Leaf Spot (Fls) Disease Of Soybean, Fanchang Zeng, Chaofan Wang, Guirong Zhang, Junmei Wei, Carl A. Bradley, Ray Ming

Plant Pathology Faculty Publications

Fungi are the causal agents of many of the world's most serious plant diseases causing disastrous consequences for large-scale agricultural production. Pathogenicity genomic basis is complex in fungi as multicellular eukaryotic pathogens. The fungus Cercospora sojina is a plant pathogen that threatens global soybean supplies. Here, we report the genome sequence of C. sojina strain S9 and detect genome features and predicted genomic elements. The genome sequence of C. sojina is a valuable resource with potential in studying the fungal pathogenicity and soybean host resistance to frogeye leaf spot (FLS), which is caused by C. sojina. The C. sojina ...


Isolation And Characterization Of The Aconitate Hydratase 4 (Aco4) Gene From Soybean, Z Coleman, J. Boelter, K. Espinosa, A. S. Goggi, R. G. Palmer, D. Sandhu Feb 2017

Isolation And Characterization Of The Aconitate Hydratase 4 (Aco4) Gene From Soybean, Z Coleman, J. Boelter, K. Espinosa, A. S. Goggi, R. G. Palmer, D. Sandhu

Agronomy Publications

Aconitase catalyzes the reversible isomerization of two tricarboxylic acids, citrate and isocitrate, during the Krebs cycle. Five aconitase genes, namely, Aco1, Aco2, Aco3, Aco4, and Aco5, have been identified in soybean. Previously, Aco4 was mapped on chromosome 11. The purpose of this investigation was to isolate and sequence the candidate gene for Aco4. We mapped the Aco4 gene to a 148 kb region on chromosome 11 that contained 19 predicted genes. One of these, Glyma.11G080600, codes for aconitate hydratase. Sequencing of two isozyme variants (A-line and B-line) for Glyma.11G080600 revealed three synonymous and two non-synonymous substitutions. Perhaps, the ...


Arkansas Soybean Research Studies 2015, Jeremy Ross Feb 2017

Arkansas Soybean Research Studies 2015, Jeremy Ross

Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Series

Arkansas is the leading soybean-producing state in the mid-southern United States. Arkansas ranked 10th in soybean production in 2015 when compared to the other soybean-producing states in the U.S. The state represents 4.0% of the total U.S. soybean production and 3.7% of the total acres planted to soybean in 2015. The 2015 state soybean average was 49 bushels per acres, 0.5 bushel per acres less than the state record soybean yield set in 2014 (Table 1). The top five soybean-producing counties in 2015 were Mississippi, Desha, Poinsett, Phillips, and Arkansas Counties. These five counties accounted ...


Candidate Perennial Bioenergy Grasses Have A Higher Albedo Than Annual Row Crops, Jesse N. Miller, Andy Vanloocke, Nuria Gomez-Casanovas, Carl J. Bernacchi Jan 2017

Candidate Perennial Bioenergy Grasses Have A Higher Albedo Than Annual Row Crops, Jesse N. Miller, Andy Vanloocke, Nuria Gomez-Casanovas, Carl J. Bernacchi

Andy VanLoocke

The production of perennial cellulosic feedstocks for bioenergy presents the potential to diversify regional economies and the national energy supply, while also serving as climate ‘regulators’ due to a number of biogeochemical and biogeophysical differences relative to row crops. Numerous observational and model-based approaches have investigated biogeochemical trade-offs, such as increased carbon sequestration and increased water use, associated with growing cellulosic feedstocks. A less understood aspect is the biogeophysical changes associated with the difference in albedo (a), which could alter the local energy balance and cause local to regional cooling several times larger than that associated with offsetting carbon. Here ...


Identification Of Spectral Disease Signatures And Resistant Qtl For Charcoal Rot Infection In Soybean, Sarah Jones Jan 2017

Identification Of Spectral Disease Signatures And Resistant Qtl For Charcoal Rot Infection In Soybean, Sarah Jones

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Disease phenotyping is an important process for both production field scouting and disease rating in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] breeding programs because yield is affected by many pathogens including charcoal rot, Macrophomina phaseolina. Charcoal rot has limited chemical control options and affects over 500 species worldwide making crop rotation a difficult management strategy as well. Due to these management challenges, breeding for disease resistance is a valuable strategy, however traditional disease phenotyping relies on human visual ratings which are prone to human error and have scalability issues when moving to large production schemes or modern breeding programs. Furthermore, there ...


Soybean-Pythium Pathosystem: Search For Host Resistance And Interaction With Fusarium Species, Elizabeth Rose Lerch Jan 2017

Soybean-Pythium Pathosystem: Search For Host Resistance And Interaction With Fusarium Species, Elizabeth Rose Lerch

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Seedling disease of soybean is an economically important disease that reduces crop stands and may reduce yield. Symptoms of seedling disease include pre- and post-emergence damping-off and root rot. Many species of Pythium and Fusarium cause seedling disease and are frequently recovered together from diseased soybean seedlings. Host resistance as a strategy to manage multiple pathogens has only briefly been explored in soybean and the interaction between these pathogens is unclear. To better understand the soybean-Pythium pathosystem, lab and growth chamber assays were conducted to accomplish the following objectives, 1) identify with resistance to seed and root rot caused by ...


Efficacy Of Soybean Seed Treatments In Iowa And The Effect Of Cold Stress On Damping-Off Caused By Pythium Sylvaticum, Mauricio Serrano Jan 2017

Efficacy Of Soybean Seed Treatments In Iowa And The Effect Of Cold Stress On Damping-Off Caused By Pythium Sylvaticum, Mauricio Serrano

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) production is negatively affected by the occurrence of seedling diseases. In Iowa, the occurrence of seedling diseases is commonly associated with cool and wet weather soon after planting, and several Pythium spp. have been found as the predominant pathogens causing seedling disease. Increasing cost of the seed, risk of seedling diseases reducing stand in cold, wet soils, and the yield benefit sometimes provided by early planting have motivated an increase in the use of fungicide seed treatment. However, a positive effect of seed treatments on soybean plant stand and yield has not been clearly demonstrated ...


Could Winter Annual Crop Choice Increase No-Till Double-Crop Soybean Yield In Kentucky?, Ethan M. Swiggart Jan 2017

Could Winter Annual Crop Choice Increase No-Till Double-Crop Soybean Yield In Kentucky?, Ethan M. Swiggart

Theses and Dissertations--Plant and Soil Sciences

Double-cropping soybean (Glycine max L.) after a winter annual crop is common in Kentucky. The preceding winter annual crop may affect double-crop soybean yield in Kentucky. Producers and agronomists have reported greater double-crop soybean yields when preceded by winter canola (Brassica napus L.) rather than winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Explanations for these yield differences remain unresolved. The objectives of this study are to: (1) evaluate double-crop soybean productivity in field environments following four winter annual crop treatments; (2) determine differences of early soybean growth in greenhouse (GH) and cold chamber (CC) environments; and (3) characterize soybean cultivar susceptibility to ...


Increasing Renewable Oil Content And Utility, William Richard Serson Jan 2017

Increasing Renewable Oil Content And Utility, William Richard Serson

Theses and Dissertations--Plant and Soil Sciences

Since the dawn of agriculture man has been genetically modifying crop plants to increase yield, quality and utility. In addition to selective breeding and hybridization we can utilize mutant populations and biotechnology to have greater control over crop plant modification than ever before. Increasing the production of plant oils such as soybean oil as a renewable resource for food and fuel is valuable. Successful breeding for higher oil levels in soybean, however, usually results in reduced protein, a second valuable seed component. We show that by manipulating a highly active acyl-CoA: diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) the hydrocarbon flux to oil in ...


Advancing Our Understanding Of Charcoal Rot In Soybeans, Martha P. Romero Luna, Daren Mueller, Alemu Mengistu, Asheesh K. Singh, Glen L. Hartman, Kiersten A. Wise Jan 2017

Advancing Our Understanding Of Charcoal Rot In Soybeans, Martha P. Romero Luna, Daren Mueller, Alemu Mengistu, Asheesh K. Singh, Glen L. Hartman, Kiersten A. Wise

Agronomy Publications

Charcoal rot [Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid] of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] is an important but commonly misidentified disease, and very few summary articles exist on this pathosystem. Research conducted over the past 10 yr has improved our understanding of the environment conducive to disease development, host resistance, and improved disease diagnosis and management. This article summarizes the currently available research with an emphasis on disease management.


Genetic Architecture Of Antibiosis And Antixenosis Aphid Resistance In Soybean And Elucidation Of The Molecular Effect Of Pyramiding Rag1 And Rag2 Resistance Genes, Martha Ibore Jan 2017

Genetic Architecture Of Antibiosis And Antixenosis Aphid Resistance In Soybean And Elucidation Of The Molecular Effect Of Pyramiding Rag1 And Rag2 Resistance Genes, Martha Ibore

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Soybean aphids are a major problem to soybean growers worldwide and they cause great yield losses. In the United States, soybean aphids can cause yield losses of up to 50% especially on susceptible varieties. Yield losses attributed to feeding by soybean aphids can be reduced by cultivating resistant soybean varieties. In recent years, certain biotypes of soybean aphids that can colonize resistant soybean plants have been reported, suggesting the continued need for identification of novel sources of aphid resistance to include in plant breeding programs. While gene pyramiding, in which certain resistant soybean genotypes carry more than one aphid resistance ...


Double Crop Soybean After Wheat, D. S. Hansel, J. Kimball, D. E. Shoup, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2017

Double Crop Soybean After Wheat, D. S. Hansel, J. Kimball, D. E. Shoup, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two double crop (DC) soybean studies were conducted at Ottawa, KS, during the 2016 growing season. Soybean cultivar Asgrow 4232 (MG 4.2) was planted immediately after two different wheat harvest timings (Study 1: early-wheat harvest 18-20% seed moisture content, and Study 2: conventional-harvest, 13-14% seed moisture content). Seven treatments were evaluated in each of the soybean planting dates: 1) common practice, 2) no seed treatment (without seed fungicide + insecticide treatment), 3) non-stay green (without foliar fungicide + insecticide application), 4) high seeding rate (180,000 seeds per acre), 5) wide rows (30-inch row spacing), 6) nitrogen (N) fixation (without late ...