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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Impact Of Preemergent Herbicides, Mowing Height, And Fertilization On Centipedegrass Root Architecture And Drought Tolerance, Mike J. Adams Oct 2017

Impact Of Preemergent Herbicides, Mowing Height, And Fertilization On Centipedegrass Root Architecture And Drought Tolerance, Mike J. Adams

LSU Master's Theses

Mowing, N fertilization and the application of preemergence herbicides (PRE) are cultural practices performed on centipedegrass to improve overall turf quality. It is posited that increasing mowing height and application of fertilizers can lead to greater turfgrass rooting and increase drought survival; while the application of PRE is reported to potentially have negative impacts on rooting. At two locations in Louisiana, studies examining the effects of these practices on centipedegrass rooting and drought tolerance were conducted.

In the first 11-week study conducted, centipedegrass was treated with dithiopyr, pendimethalin, prodiamine, simazine, or indaziflam at the manufacturers’ labeled rates. During the 11-wk ...


Performance And Recovery Of Turfgrasses Subjected To Drought And Traffic Stresses, R. Braun, D. Bremer, J. Hoyle, N. Bloedow Jul 2017

Performance And Recovery Of Turfgrasses Subjected To Drought And Traffic Stresses, R. Braun, D. Bremer, J. Hoyle, N. Bloedow

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

This study is an effort to determine effects of drought and traffic in turfgrasses. During a 41-day summer drought in 2015 and 2016, warm-season (C4) grasses were more affected by traffic than cool-season (C3) grasses when percent green cover and turf quality were measured. This was because the non-trafficked plots in C4 grasses maintained higher percent green cover and turf quality throughout the drought due to better drought-stress tolerance than the C3 grasses. Regardless of traffic treatment or mowing height, C4 grasses maintained higher percent green cover and visual turf quality than C3 grasses during drought and recovery periods. There ...


The Horticultural Potential Of Six Species Of North American Hickories, Brandon Michael Miller Jan 2017

The Horticultural Potential Of Six Species Of North American Hickories, Brandon Michael Miller

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The genus Carya is largely composed of taxa endemic to eastern North America. This entire group of long-lived, durable, and aesthetically pleasing trees has been ignored by horticulturists because of issues related to their production as well as performance in the nursery and landscape. Hickories develop large, dominant taproots and supposedly produce few lateral roots, which are often associated with increased transplant success. Hickory seedlings are also considered to exhibit a lag phase in shoot growth, an additional disadvantage that hinders their production. The main objectives of the research presented in this document were to explore potential production methods that ...


The Role Of Tre6p And Snrk1 In Maize Early Kernel Development And Events Leading To Stress-Induced Kernel Abortion, Samuel W. Bledsoe, Clémence Henry, Cara A. Griffiths, Matthew J. Paul, Regina Feil, John E. Lunn, Mark Stitt, L. Mark Lagrimini Jan 2017

The Role Of Tre6p And Snrk1 In Maize Early Kernel Development And Events Leading To Stress-Induced Kernel Abortion, Samuel W. Bledsoe, Clémence Henry, Cara A. Griffiths, Matthew J. Paul, Regina Feil, John E. Lunn, Mark Stitt, L. Mark Lagrimini

Agronomy & Horticulture -- Faculty Publications

Background: Drought stress during flowering is a major contributor to yield loss in maize. Genetic and biotechnological improvement in yield sustainability requires an understanding of the mechanisms underpinning yield loss. Sucrose starvation has been proposed as the cause for kernel abortion; however, potential targets for genetic improvement have not been identified. Field and greenhouse drought studies with maize are expensive and it can be difficult to reproduce results; therefore, an in vitro kernel culture method is presented as a proxy for drought stress occurring at the time of flowering in maize (3 days after pollination). This method is used to ...