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Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

2017

Soybean

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Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Seed Yield And Biological Nitrogen Fixation For Historical Soybean Genotypes, S. Tamagno, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2017

Seed Yield And Biological Nitrogen Fixation For Historical Soybean Genotypes, S. Tamagno, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Seed yield formation and biological nitrogen (N) fixation (BNF) were evaluated during the seed filling period (SFP) for historical soybean genotypes under contrasting N strategies. Overall, seed yield increased with the year of release, primarily associated with increments in the seed number component. The study showed that seed weight factor was maintained across decades regardless of the improvement in seed number. Nitrogen factor, evaluated as zero-N application via inorganic fertilizers versus high-N added, influenced seed yield via impacting seed weight factor. The latter plant trait improved with the high-N treatment, which was related to changes in the duration of the ...


Double Crop Soybean After Wheat, D. S. Hansel, J. Kimball, D. E. Shoup, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2017

Double Crop Soybean After Wheat, D. S. Hansel, J. Kimball, D. E. Shoup, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two double crop (DC) soybean studies were conducted at Ottawa, KS, during the 2016 growing season. Soybean cultivar Asgrow 4232 (MG 4.2) was planted immediately after two different wheat harvest timings (Study 1: early-wheat harvest 18-20% seed moisture content, and Study 2: conventional-harvest, 13-14% seed moisture content). Seven treatments were evaluated in each of the soybean planting dates: 1) common practice, 2) no seed treatment (without seed fungicide + insecticide treatment), 3) non-stay green (without foliar fungicide + insecticide application), 4) high seeding rate (180,000 seeds per acre), 5) wide rows (30-inch row spacing), 6) nitrogen (N) fixation (without late ...


Closing Soybean Yield Gaps Via Improved Management: A Systems Approach, G. R. Balboa, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2017

Closing Soybean Yield Gaps Via Improved Management: A Systems Approach, G. R. Balboa, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Three soybean research trials were conducted during the 2016 growing season. Two studies were conducted at Scandia, KS, (dryland and irrigated) and one at Topeka, KS (dryland). The objective of this study was to investigate the contribution of different farming systems for closing soybean yield gaps. Each experiment consisted of five treatments: common practices (CP), comprehensive fertilization (CF), production intensity (PI), ecological intensification (CF + PI), and advanced plus (AD). The EI and AD treatments presented the maximum yields at both locations. Under irrigation conditions, yield gap was larger at Scandia relative to Topeka site. Across all three soybean experiments, CP ...


Soybean: Evaluation Of Inoculation, T. M. Albuquerque, O. Ortez, G. I. Carmona, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2017

Soybean: Evaluation Of Inoculation, T. M. Albuquerque, O. Ortez, G. I. Carmona, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Most of the nitrogen (N) required by a soybean plant is supplied via biological nitrogen fixation (BNF). When BNF is adequately established in the soil, soybean can obtain up to 50 to 75% of its N from the air. This project aims to quantify the response to inoculation for soybean in its second year in a field without previous history of this crop. Due to this objective, a field study was conducted during the 2015 and 2016 growing seasons at Ottawa, KS (East Central experiment field location). The treatments consisted of five different N-management approaches: non-inoculated (NI), inoculated ×1 (I ...


Soybean: Genetic Gain × Fertilizer Nitrogen Interaction, O. Ortez, F. Salvagiotti, Eric Adee, J. Enrico, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2017

Soybean: Genetic Gain × Fertilizer Nitrogen Interaction, O. Ortez, F. Salvagiotti, Eric Adee, J. Enrico, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The United States (US) and Argentina (ARG) account for more than 50% of the global soybean production. Soybean yields are determined by the genotype, environment, and management practices (G × E × M) interaction. Overall, 50-60% of soybean nitrogen (N) demand is usually met by the biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) process. An unanswered scientific question concerns the ability of BNF process to satisfy soybean N demand at varying yield levels. The overall objective of this project was to study the contribution of N via utilization of different N strategies, evaluating soybean genotypes released in different eras. Four field experiments were conducted during ...


Tillage And Nitrogen Placement Effects On Yields In A Short-Season Corn/Wheat/ Double-Crop Soybean Rotation, D. W. Sweeney Jan 2017

Tillage And Nitrogen Placement Effects On Yields In A Short-Season Corn/Wheat/ Double-Crop Soybean Rotation, D. W. Sweeney

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

In 2016, adding nitrogen (N) greatly improved average wheat yields, but the response to tillage and different N placement methods was minimal. Double-crop soybean yields were unaffected by tillage or the residual from N treatments that were applied to the previous wheat crop.


Cover Crop System To Control Charcoal Rot In Soybeans, Gretchen Sassenrath, C. R. Little, C. J. Hsiao, D. E. Shoup, X. Lin Jan 2017

Cover Crop System To Control Charcoal Rot In Soybeans, Gretchen Sassenrath, C. R. Little, C. J. Hsiao, D. E. Shoup, X. Lin

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

This research compares methods of controlling charcoal rot in soybean cultivars from three maturity groups commonly grown in southeast Kansas. The results indicate that a mustard plant that produces high levels of glucosinolates can be used as a cover crop to reduce the charcoal rot disease in soybeans.


Response Of Soybean Grown On A Claypan Soil In Southeastern Kansas To The Residual Of Different Plant Nutrient Sources And Tillage, D. W. Sweeney, Philip Barnes, Gary Pierzynski Jan 2017

Response Of Soybean Grown On A Claypan Soil In Southeastern Kansas To The Residual Of Different Plant Nutrient Sources And Tillage, D. W. Sweeney, Philip Barnes, Gary Pierzynski

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Soybean yields measured from 2014 through 2016 were more than 50% greater from the residual from N-based turkey litter applications during 2011 through 2013 than in the control where no nitrogen (N) or phosphorus (P) was applied. However, residual from P-based turkey litter applications or fertilizer-only did not result in soybean yield different from the no N-P control. This residual effect on yield was largely due to increased pods per plant.


Cover Crop Effects On Soybean In A Soybean/Corn Rotation, D. E. Shoup, I. A. Ciampitti, J. Kimball, Gretchen Sassenrath Jan 2017

Cover Crop Effects On Soybean In A Soybean/Corn Rotation, D. E. Shoup, I. A. Ciampitti, J. Kimball, Gretchen Sassenrath

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A research study was established in 2011 in a soybean and corn rotation with cover crops planted soon after each crop harvest in the fall. A variety of complex cover crop mixtures were evaluated ranging from single specie to 7 specie mixtures. Cover crops were terminated in the spring soon after anthesis of the cool season cereal in the cover crop. Soybean yield responded differently among the four years of the study. In an extreme drought year of 2012, the unplanted check yielded 29.4 bu/a. Soybean yield was significantly reduced by 4.2 and 3.4 bu/a ...


Tillage Study For Corn And Soybean: Comparing Vertical, Deep, And No-Tillage, Eric Adee Jan 2017

Tillage Study For Corn And Soybean: Comparing Vertical, Deep, And No-Tillage, Eric Adee

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A tillage study comparing no-tillage, shallow tillage, and deep tillage in alternate or every year for corn and soybeans in annual rotation was conducted at Kansas River Valley Experiment Field for five years. The influence of tillage system on corn yield appears to be increasing with time, soybean yields appear to perform equally well with any of the systems. As the study progresses, the corn yields were increased with deep tillage occurring sometime in the cropping rotation.


Planting Date By Maturity Group In Kansas: 2016 Season And Three-Year Summary, I. A. Ciampitti, O. Ortez, D. E. Shoup, Eric Adee, J. Kimball, Gretchen Sassenrath, G. Cramer Jan 2017

Planting Date By Maturity Group In Kansas: 2016 Season And Three-Year Summary, I. A. Ciampitti, O. Ortez, D. E. Shoup, Eric Adee, J. Kimball, Gretchen Sassenrath, G. Cramer

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Optimal planting should be timed to capture a favorable environment (e.g., fall rains and cooler temperatures during grain filling). Five field studies were conducted during the 2014 growing season (Manhattan, Topeka, Ottawa, Parsons, and Hutchinson); five in 2015 (Manhattan, Rossville, Ottawa, Parsons, and Hutchinson); and three in 2016 (Manhattan, Topeka, and Ottawa). This study explores the impact of planting date (early-, mid-, and late-planted) on yield for soybean cultivars from a range of maturity groups (early, medium, and late groups). For 2016, the overall main factor impacting yield across sites was planting date, which increased yields with early-planted soybeans ...