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Full-Text Articles in Taxation-Transnational

Making Sense Of The European Union's Vat Tax System: Does The European Court Of Justice's Jurisprudence Support Harmonization?, Jarrod Tudor Jul 2018

Making Sense Of The European Union's Vat Tax System: Does The European Court Of Justice's Jurisprudence Support Harmonization?, Jarrod Tudor

The Global Business Law Review

The Sixth Council Directive 77/388/EEC was adopted by the European Union (EU) as a means toward harmonization of the value-added tax (VAT) system. The Framers of Directive 77/388/EEC believed that a disjointed VAT tax system that existed previously was harmful to the common market’s guarantee of free movement of goods and services that are subject to the VAT tax. The jurisprudence of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) on the subject of the Sixth Council Directive 77/388/EEC reflects four dominant patterns, including the limitation of member-states to dictate the parameters of the VAT ...


No, You Really Don't Have To Pay: Protecting Tax Havens, Max Matthew Wallace Ii May 2018

No, You Really Don't Have To Pay: Protecting Tax Havens, Max Matthew Wallace Ii

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


A Global Treaty Override? The New Oecd Multilateral Tax Instrument And Its Limits, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah, Haiyan Xu May 2018

A Global Treaty Override? The New Oecd Multilateral Tax Instrument And Its Limits, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah, Haiyan Xu

Michigan Journal of International Law

This article will proceed as follows. Section 2 summarizes the main provisions of the MLI. Section 3 discusses the purpose of tax treaties in the twenty-first century, because it can be argued that they are less necessary under conditions of tax competition. Section 4 raises the question whether tax treaties can be improved short of a full-fledged multilateral tax treaty by inserting a most favored nation (MFN) provision similar to those found in bilateral investment treaties. Such an MFN provision operates over time to create a de facto multilateral treaty without the negotiation of one. Section 5 concludes this article.


Directed Tax Holidays: Economic Stimulus Or Corporate Dream?, Dakota Newton Apr 2018

Directed Tax Holidays: Economic Stimulus Or Corporate Dream?, Dakota Newton

William & Mary Business Law Review

U.S. corporations currently have more than $2.4 trillion stashed in the accounts of their overseas subsidiaries—a sum that costs the domestic economy billions of dollars every year. A directed tax holiday is one potential method of inducing repatriation of those funds and stimulating the domestic economy. Although a previous tax holiday failed to meet expectations, current proposals from the public and private sectors suggest that a directed tax holiday could fund much-needed infrastructure investment. A review and economic analysis of these proposals shows that a directed tax holiday that channels revenue into expanding and updating infrastructure will ...


Tax Havens As Producers Of Corporate Law, William J. Moon Apr 2018

Tax Havens As Producers Of Corporate Law, William J. Moon

Michigan Law Review

A review of Christopher M. Bruner, Re-Imagining Offshore Finance: Market-Dominant Small Jurisdictions in a Globalizing Financial World.


A New Deal For Europe? The Commerce Clause As The Solution To Tax Discrimination And Double Taxation In The European Union, Charles Edward Andrew Lincoln Iv Mar 2018

A New Deal For Europe? The Commerce Clause As The Solution To Tax Discrimination And Double Taxation In The European Union, Charles Edward Andrew Lincoln Iv

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

No abstract provided.


U.S. Tax Treatment Of Australian Superannuation, John A. Castro Mar 2018

U.S. Tax Treatment Of Australian Superannuation, John A. Castro

Nevada Law Journal Forum

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) estimates than more than 100,000 Australian citizens are living and working in the U.S. Those Australian nationals almost certainly have some sort of Superannuation Fund, which is a state-mandated occupational pension scheme in Australia. The problem is that nearly every accounting firm in the U.S. is treating Australian Superannuation as a taxable foreign grantor trust. This presents a serious issue since the funds within Superannuation Funds are completely inaccessible until retirement, disability, or death. For an Australian national living in the U.S., this would result in immediate U ...


Tax Compliance In A Decentralizing Economy, Manoj Viswanathan Feb 2018

Tax Compliance In A Decentralizing Economy, Manoj Viswanathan

Georgia State University Law Review

Tax compliance in the United States has long relied on information from centralized intermediaries—the financial institutions,employers, and brokers that help ensure income is reported and taxes are paid. Yet while the IRS remains tied to these centralized entities,consumers and businesses are not. New technologies, such as sharing economy platforms (companies such as Airbnb, Uber, and Instacart)and the blockchain (the platform on which various cryptocurrencies are based) are providing new, decentralized options for exchanging goods and services.

Without legislative and agency intervention, these technologies pose a critical threat to the reporting system underlying domestic and international tax ...


Transparency And Disclosure, Diane Ring Feb 2018

Transparency And Disclosure, Diane Ring

Diane M. Ring

Without a stable and adequate tax base, countries lose the financial capacity to provide the infrastructure, social services and development opportunities important to their citizens. In response, the G20 and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) organized the project on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS). Much of the project has been focused on substantive law — the rules and practices that can allow the tax base of a country to be eroded and profits to be shifted out of the country. But the project recognizes that improved substantive tax rules alone are not sufficient to guarantee the tax ...


Analysis Of S.1352 - 115th Congress (2017-2018) Apprenticeship And Jobs Training Act Of 2017, Veena Hemachandran, Katrina Jodrey, George (Peixuan) Liu, Leigh Ann Moore Feb 2018

Analysis Of S.1352 - 115th Congress (2017-2018) Apprenticeship And Jobs Training Act Of 2017, Veena Hemachandran, Katrina Jodrey, George (Peixuan) Liu, Leigh Ann Moore

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of H.R.2802 - 115th Congress (2017-2018) First-Time Homebuyer Savings Account Act Of 2017, Shimiao Gong, Xiaotong Stella Li, Ling Wei, Pingrong Xue Feb 2018

Analysis Of H.R.2802 - 115th Congress (2017-2018) First-Time Homebuyer Savings Account Act Of 2017, Shimiao Gong, Xiaotong Stella Li, Ling Wei, Pingrong Xue

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


The Contemporary Tax Journal's Interview With Mr. Jim Fuller, Ophelia Ding Feb 2018

The Contemporary Tax Journal's Interview With Mr. Jim Fuller, Ophelia Ding

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of H.R.2551 - 115th Congress (2017-2018) - Student Loan Debt Relief Act, Soon-Young Apple, Debanjana Banerjee, Nilesh Lad, Anna Li Feb 2018

Analysis Of H.R.2551 - 115th Congress (2017-2018) - Student Loan Debt Relief Act, Soon-Young Apple, Debanjana Banerjee, Nilesh Lad, Anna Li

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


The Contemporary Tax Journal Volume 7, No. 1 - Winter 2018 Feb 2018

The Contemporary Tax Journal Volume 7, No. 1 - Winter 2018

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Latent Semantic Analysis: A Big Data Opportunity For Tax Research, Paul D. Hutchison Ph.D., C. Elizabeth Plummer Ph.D., Cpa, Benjamin George Ph.D. Feb 2018

Latent Semantic Analysis: A Big Data Opportunity For Tax Research, Paul D. Hutchison Ph.D., C. Elizabeth Plummer Ph.D., Cpa, Benjamin George Ph.D.

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Cracking Shells: The Panama Papers & Looking To The European Union's Anti-Money Laundering Directive As A Framework For Implementing A Multilateral Agreement To Combat The Harmful Effects Of Shell Companies, Nicholas Vail Jan 2018

Cracking Shells: The Panama Papers & Looking To The European Union's Anti-Money Laundering Directive As A Framework For Implementing A Multilateral Agreement To Combat The Harmful Effects Of Shell Companies, Nicholas Vail

Texas A&M Law Review

In early 2016, the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists released a report detailing thousands of leaked documents demonstrating how a Panamanian law firm had, for years, helped wealthy clients conceal their financial activities through the use of offshore shell companies. The Panama Papers, as the leaked documents came to be known, directed renewed attention at the use of shell companies. Shell companies are used by the world’s wealthy and powerful to lower their taxes, but are also used by tax evaders, criminal organizations, and terrorists. While much of the renewed attention has been directed at offshore tax havens such ...


The Offshore Tax Enforcement Dragnet, Shu-Yi Oei Jan 2018

The Offshore Tax Enforcement Dragnet, Shu-Yi Oei

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

Taxpayers who hide assets abroad to evade taxes present a serious enforcement challenge for the United States. In response, the United States has developed a family of initiatives that punish and rehabilitate non-compliant taxpayers, raise revenues, and require widespread reporting of offshore financial information by financial institutions and taxpayers. Yet, while these initiatives help catch willful tax cheats, they have also adversely affected immigrants, Americans living abroad, and “accidental Americans.”

This Article critiques the United States’ offshore tax enforcement initiatives, such as the Foreign Account Tax Compliant Act and the Internal Revenue Service’s offshore voluntary disclosure programs. It argues ...


Tax In The World Of Antitrust Enforcement: European Commission’S State Aid Investigations Into Eu Member States’ Tax Rulings, Nina Hrushko Dec 2017

Tax In The World Of Antitrust Enforcement: European Commission’S State Aid Investigations Into Eu Member States’ Tax Rulings, Nina Hrushko

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

In August 2016, after a two-year investigation, the European Commission issued a negative State aid ruling against Ireland, finding that the country had provided illegal tax benefits to Apple Inc. and requesting the government to collect €13 billion in retroactive taxes from the company. This decision sparked a heated debate around the globe about the European Commission’s authority to interfere into the individual EU Member States’ fiscal policies and order retroactive tax recoveries. This Note explores the application of EU State aid rules to tax laws and, in particular, EU Member States’ tax rulings, and discusses the European Commission ...


A Vatcoin Proposal Following On The 2017 Eu Vat Proposals - Mtic, Vatcoin, And Blockchain, Richard Thompson Ainsworth, Musaad Alwohaibi, Michael Cheetham, Camille V. Tirand Dec 2017

A Vatcoin Proposal Following On The 2017 Eu Vat Proposals - Mtic, Vatcoin, And Blockchain, Richard Thompson Ainsworth, Musaad Alwohaibi, Michael Cheetham, Camille V. Tirand

Faculty Scholarship

The following proposal for an EU VATCoin was presented at the Digital Tax Transformations Conference, December 18 & 19, 2017 in Vienna, Austria at WU Global Tax Policy Center (WU GTPC) at the Institute for Austrian and International Tax Law of Vienna University of Business and Economics.

The EU Commission has proposed “far-reaching reforms” to solve some of the fraud in the EU VAT. It hopes to capture €50 billion lost annually to MTIC fraud in goods. It hopes to do this without addressing tradable services, a MTIC mutation which by all accounts is running strong.

Fortunately, the Commission is open ...


Taxing Systemic Risk, Eric D. Chason Nov 2017

Taxing Systemic Risk, Eric D. Chason

University of New Hampshire Law Review

A tax on the harmful elements of finance—a tax on systemic risk—would raise revenue and also lower the likelihood of future crisis. Financial institutions, which pay the tax, would try to minimize its cost by lowering their systemic risk. In theory, a tax on systemic risk is perfect policy. In practice, however, this perfect policy is unattainable. Tax laws need clear definitions to be administrable. Our current understanding of systemic risk is too abstract and too metaphorical to serve as a target for taxation.

Despite the absence of a clear definition of systemic risk, academics and policy makers ...


Corporate Migrations And Tax Transparency And Disclosure, Diane M. Ring Oct 2017

Corporate Migrations And Tax Transparency And Disclosure, Diane M. Ring

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

Migration, broadly defined, characterizes the movement of peoples and businesses across borders. The latter part of the 20th century saw notable business expansion across borders spurred by currency, capital, and investment restrictions and by the increased ability to manage global activities through technology and communications. Twenty plus years into this business globalization, we have witnessed the dramatic rise of transparency and disclosure rules and regimes. These regimes, which have dominated much of global international tax reform, include: (1) country-by-country reporting of tax information, (2) automatic exchange of tax rulings among jurisdictions, and (3) disclosure of beneficial ownership of entities. In ...


Transfer Pricing Rules In The Brics World: A Shifting Balance In Global Taxation Governance?, Thassiane Ayres Gossler Sep 2017

Transfer Pricing Rules In The Brics World: A Shifting Balance In Global Taxation Governance?, Thassiane Ayres Gossler

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The rise of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) as major emerging powers has challenged existing important structures in the global economy. For this reason, there is an expectation that this restructuring may also occur in the international tax regime. In this respect, transfer pricing is one potential area for cooperation between the BRICS, which have faced challenges in applying the existing international standard – the traditional arm’s length approach as established by the OECD – in practice. Therefore, this thesis investigates the differences between the transfer pricing regulations of the BRICS and those of the OECD, examining ...


Before International Tax Reform, We Need To Understand Why Firms Invert, Michael S. Knoll Sep 2017

Before International Tax Reform, We Need To Understand Why Firms Invert, Michael S. Knoll

Faculty Scholarship

A wave of corporate inversions by U.S. firms over the past two decades has generated substantial debate in academic, business, and policy circles.

The core of the debate hinges on a couple of key economic questions: Do U.S. tax laws disadvantage U.S.-domiciled companies relative to their foreign competitors? And, if so, do inversions improve the competitiveness of U.S. multinational firms both abroad and at home?

There is unfortunately little, if any, empirical work directly determining whether U.S.-based MNCs are currently tax-disadvantaged compared to their foreign rivals, or measuring the amount by which (if ...


Evaluating Beps, Reuven Avi-Yonah, Haiyan Xu Aug 2017

Evaluating Beps, Reuven Avi-Yonah, Haiyan Xu

Articles

This article evaluates the recently completed Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) project of the G20 and OECD and offers some alternatives for reform.


Evasion Of Foreign Taxes For Wildlife Exports As A Violation Of The Lacey Act, Audrey Elzerman Aug 2017

Evasion Of Foreign Taxes For Wildlife Exports As A Violation Of The Lacey Act, Audrey Elzerman

Sea Grant Law Fellow Publications

This study considers whether violations of foreign export duty requirements for live wildlife shipments can be prosecuted under United States law. The next section introduces the Lacey Act, which offers a potent enforcement tool against wildlife trafficking and related offenses. The study then considers whether and how export duty fraud violates the Lacey Act and the possible penalties that apply to such violations. Finally, it uses the Philippines as a case study to illustrate the utility of exporting country laws for Lacey Act prosecution of these cases.


Offshore Accounts: Insider's Summary Of Fatca And Its Potential Future, J. Richard Harvey Jr. Jun 2017

Offshore Accounts: Insider's Summary Of Fatca And Its Potential Future, J. Richard Harvey Jr.

Richard Harvey

No abstract provided.


Transparency, Disclosure And Developing Countries, Diane M. Ring May 2017

Transparency, Disclosure And Developing Countries, Diane M. Ring

Diane M. Ring

No abstract provided.


Front Matter (Letter From The Editor, Masthead, Etc.) May 2017

Front Matter (Letter From The Editor, Masthead, Etc.)

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Country By Country Reporting Under Beps, Fenny Lei May 2017

Country By Country Reporting Under Beps, Fenny Lei

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Summaries For The 32nd Annual Tei-Sjsu High Tech Tax Institute, Saqib Amin, Silin Chen, Ophelia Ding, Veena Hemachandran, Elle San Pedro De Kornsand, Padmini Yalamarthi, Yu Zheng May 2017

Summaries For The 32nd Annual Tei-Sjsu High Tech Tax Institute, Saqib Amin, Silin Chen, Ophelia Ding, Veena Hemachandran, Elle San Pedro De Kornsand, Padmini Yalamarthi, Yu Zheng

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.