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Full-Text Articles in Law

Wipo Good Practice Toolkit For Collective Management Organisations 2021: Suggestions For Possible Amendment, Desmond Oriakhogba Apr 2024

Wipo Good Practice Toolkit For Collective Management Organisations 2021: Suggestions For Possible Amendment, Desmond Oriakhogba

Joint PIJIP/TLS Research Paper Series

Drawing examples from national and international legal instruments, and based on existing studies, this comment makes suggestions for possible amendment of the World Intellectual Property Organization’s Good Practice Toolkit for Collective Management Organisations 2021 (CMO Toolkit). The suggestions are for inclusion of good practices in the CMO Toolkit that can inform the regulation of CMOs to prevent them from constituting obstacles to open access non-commercial licensing and L&Es-enabled access for education and research. The suggestion also covers good practices that will prevent CMOs from impeding the smooth and effective development of artificial intelligence systems. Recommendations include protecting rightholders' ability to …


Briefing Note: 45th Meeting Of The Wipo Standing Committee On Copyright And Related Rights, Sean Flynn Mar 2024

Briefing Note: 45th Meeting Of The Wipo Standing Committee On Copyright And Related Rights, Sean Flynn

Joint PIJIP/TLS Research Paper Series

This analysis provides a historical and legal overview of the principle agenda items to be discussed at the 45th meeting of the Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights.


Measuring Change In Copyright Exceptions For Text And Data Mining, Michael Palmedo, Momina Imran, Miguel Alvarenga, Luca Schirru, Duc Le May 2023

Measuring Change In Copyright Exceptions For Text And Data Mining, Michael Palmedo, Momina Imran, Miguel Alvarenga, Luca Schirru, Duc Le

Joint PIJIP/TLS Research Paper Series

Copyright exceptions for researchers are under debate at the World Intellectual Property Organization and within domestic governments, yet empirical research in this area is rare. In this early working paper, we aim to add to this nascent body of research. We expand PIJIP’s previous review and classification of copyright exceptions in WIPO Members’ laws by tracing changes in the laws over time. We find that most countries have copyright exceptions allowing some unauthorized uses for research purposes. However, most countries’ exceptions restrict some mix of the users, uses, or types of works that are allowed. High-income countries tend to be …


The Wipo Broadcasting Treaty: Comments On The Second Revised Draft, Bernt Hugenholtz Mar 2023

The Wipo Broadcasting Treaty: Comments On The Second Revised Draft, Bernt Hugenholtz

Joint PIJIP/TLS Research Paper Series

From March 13 to 17, 2023, the WIPO Standing Committee will discuss, for the 43rd consecutive time, a possible Treaty on the Protection of Broadcasting Organizations. The draft treaty, which has featured high on the Committee’s agenda since its inception in 1998, would offer international protection to broadcasting organizations against unauthorized retransmission and related uses. Despite many years of discussion, stern opposition, countless redrafts and political setbacks, the controversial treaty project has never been abandoned. A Second Revised Draft Text, published on 11 January 2023, is now on the Committee’s agenda. This paper critically discusses the history, rationales, and examines …


Limitations And Exceptions In International Copyright And Related Rights Treaties, Sean Flynn Mar 2023

Limitations And Exceptions In International Copyright And Related Rights Treaties, Sean Flynn

Joint PIJIP/TLS Research Paper Series

Copyright limitations and exceptions have been an integral part of international copyright and related rights treaties since the original text of the Berne Convention in 1886, which protected the ability to adopt exceptions for uses for “educational” and “scientific” uses. Since that instrument, there has been great -- if uneven -- development of norms on limitations and exceptions. Currently, the World Intellectual Property Organization’s Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights is considering limitations and exceptions in the draft text for a treaty on broadcast organizations as well as a proposal from the African Group for a work programme on …


The Trouble With The Wipo Broadcasting Treaty, James Love Mar 2023

The Trouble With The Wipo Broadcasting Treaty, James Love

Joint PIJIP/TLS Research Paper Series

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is a specialized UN body that provides forums to discuss intellectual property policies and practices, provides technical assistance to its member states and engages in norm setting. Since 1997, WIPO has engaged in a series of activities to evaluate proposals advocated by some companies that are engaged in broadcasting. There is yet another effort to bring this proposal to a diplomatic conference. This article (i) provides background on the negotiations including the evolving rationales for broadcast right; (ii) describes the differences between the thin temporary signal protection model and the far more problematic vision …


Lost In Transit: How Enforcement Of Foreign Copyright Judgements Undermines The Right To Research, Naama Daniel Mar 2023

Lost In Transit: How Enforcement Of Foreign Copyright Judgements Undermines The Right To Research, Naama Daniel

Joint PIJIP/TLS Research Paper Series

The ease of travel in the globalized, modern world is a double-edged sword for the right to research: while research opportunities are bolstered due to information and data traveling extremely easily in the digital world, the right to research may be undermined by the easy travel of foreign copyright judgments between countries. This article analyzes thoroughly, for the first time, the threats posed to the right to research by private international law instruments on recognition and enforcement of foreign copyright judgments. This article uses a theoretical and doctrinal perspective to analyze the matter, demonstrating that the right to research, aimed …


The Proposed Treaty For The Protection Of Broadcasting Organizations: Old Wine In A New Bottle?, Nehaa Chaudhari, Amulya Purshothama Sep 2022

The Proposed Treaty For The Protection Of Broadcasting Organizations: Old Wine In A New Bottle?, Nehaa Chaudhari, Amulya Purshothama

Indian Journal of Law and Technology

This article analyses the proposed WIPO Treaty for Protection of Broadcasting Organizations (“Broadcast Treaty”) and argues that (a) The need for the Broadcast Treaty has not been fully established and b) even if there were such a need for the Broadcast Treaty (purportedly to help counter signal piracy), the proposed draft of the treaty deviates from this approach towards a ‘rights-based’ approach, creating a ‘paracopyright’ regime, potentially creating chilling effects on legitimate end uses of copyrightable material.


Statements To The Wipo Standing Committee On Committee On Copyright And Related Rights, Electronic Information For Libraries Jul 2021

Statements To The Wipo Standing Committee On Committee On Copyright And Related Rights, Electronic Information For Libraries

Testimony and Submissions

As an NGO accredited with permanent observer status at WIPO, EIFL has the opportunity to make interventions at sessions of WIPO committees and meetings

EIFL advocates at the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) for an international copyright framework that benefits libraries in developing and transition economy countries. We participate in sessions of WIPO’s Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights (SCCR) that usually meets in Geneva twice a year. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, just one SCCR took place in 2021, in hybrid mode (online for observers and limited physical participation for member state delegates).

We work with Member States …


Eifl And Library Group Comments On Updated Draft Wipo Cmo Toolkit (2021), Electronic Information For Libraries Jun 2021

Eifl And Library Group Comments On Updated Draft Wipo Cmo Toolkit (2021), Electronic Information For Libraries

Testimony and Submissions

EIFL and partner organizations in the library, archives and museum communities responded to a public consultation to provide additional comments on the updated draft WIPO Good Practice Toolkit for Collective Management Organizations (CMOs), released on 27 May 2021. Publication of the updated draft Toolkit follows an earlier consultation that took place in April 2021.

The updated version of the Toolkit contains an expanded section on supervision and monitoring of CMOs (Section 13). We noted three concerns in the updated Section 13, in particular. In our comments, we propose a number of amendments to address the concerns in Section 13, along …


Settlement Of Intellectual Property Rights Disputes, Kameran Hossen Al-Salihi Mar 2021

Settlement Of Intellectual Property Rights Disputes, Kameran Hossen Al-Salihi

UAEU Law Journal

This research deals with the settlement of intellectual property disputes as set out in various international conventions such as the Convention of Paris, 1883 and the TRIPS agreement in Marrakesh, 1994. The research also deals with the development in intellectual property rights in international regulations particularly with respect to the World International Property Organization (WIPO) and the Convention of TRIPS. In addition, this paper outlines the rules and a procedure for the settlement of intellectual property disputes in the WTO in detail as well as explains the structure of this organization and the most important tasks carried out by it. …


The Formation Of A National Legal System Against Cultural Piracy, O. Okyulov Apr 2020

The Formation Of A National Legal System Against Cultural Piracy, O. Okyulov

Review of law sciences

This article describes the peculiarity of piracy as a legal category, and as a system of offenses. Different views from scientific researches and literatures on combating piracy are analyzed. The article also elaborates and supports conceptual decisions on combating piracy in Uzbekistan. At present, it is clearly seen that cultural piracy has become widespread as an offense, while the public attitude in the form of censure is rather weakly expressed. It is noted that in order for Uzbekistan to enter the WTO and increase the international rating, in our country it is necessary to take drastic measures against cultural piracy. …


Implementing User Rights For Research In The Field Of Artificial Intelligence: A Call For International Action, Sean Flynn, Christophe Geiger, João Pedro Quintais, Thomas Margoni, Matthew Sag, Lucie Guibault, Michael W. Carroll Jan 2020

Implementing User Rights For Research In The Field Of Artificial Intelligence: A Call For International Action, Sean Flynn, Christophe Geiger, João Pedro Quintais, Thomas Margoni, Matthew Sag, Lucie Guibault, Michael W. Carroll

Joint PIJIP/TLS Research Paper Series

Last year, before the onset of a global pandemic highlighted the critical and urgent need for technology-enabled scientific research, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) launched an inquiry into issues at the intersection of intellectual property (IP) and artificial intelligence (AI). We contributed comments to that inquiry, with a focus on the application of copyright to the use of text and data mining (TDM) technology. This article describes some of the most salient points of our submission and concludes by stressing the need for international leadership on this important topic. WIPO could help fill the current gap on international leadership, …


The Fallacy Of Defensive Protection For Traditional Knowledge, Margo A. Bagley Jan 2019

The Fallacy Of Defensive Protection For Traditional Knowledge, Margo A. Bagley

Faculty Articles

Proponents of databases as defensive protection posit that having sources of traditional knowledge easily accessible to, and searchable by, examiners during the prosecution process should minimize the grant of patents covering traditional knowledge, and avoid the problems such erroneously granted patents may produce. Some countries, such as India, which support an international sui generis positive protection instrument, also support the use of traditional knowledge databases, as the two approaches are not mutually exclusive. India's CSIR, which created and maintains the TKDL, asserts that the database has thwarted the grant of scores of patents in IP offices across the globe, although …


A Half-Century Of Scholarship On The Chinese Intellectual Property System, Peter K. Yu Nov 2018

A Half-Century Of Scholarship On The Chinese Intellectual Property System, Peter K. Yu

Peter K. Yu

No abstract provided.


Five Decades Of Intellectual Property And Global Development, Peter K. Yu Jul 2018

Five Decades Of Intellectual Property And Global Development, Peter K. Yu

Peter K. Yu

The 2016-2017 biennium marks the historical milestones of several major pro-development initiatives relating to intellectual property law and policy. These important milestones include the Intellectual Property Conference of Stockholm in 1967, the adoption of the Declaration on the Right to Development (UNDRD) in 1986 and the establishment of the WIPO Development Agenda in 2007.

On January 1, 2016, the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) also came into force. Adopted by the UN General Assembly in September 2015, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development featured 17 SDGs and 169 targets. Prominently mentioned in Target 3.b of SDG 3 are the WTO …


Marching To The Beat Of The Eu's Drum: Refining The Collective Management Of Music Rights In The United States To Facilitate The Growth Of Interactive Streaming, Gary W. Hunt Iii Jul 2018

Marching To The Beat Of The Eu's Drum: Refining The Collective Management Of Music Rights In The United States To Facilitate The Growth Of Interactive Streaming, Gary W. Hunt Iii

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

In the digital era, interactive streaming is now the preferred method for music consumers to access their favorite albums and songs. The traditional copyright system used to administer music rights and royalties has not evolved accordingly, which not only impedes progress by music platform innovators, but also frustrates artist, labels, and composers who are unable to reap the benefits of their music rights. This Note examines the complex process interactive streaming services undergo to obtain the rights necessary to stream music through their platforms, which involves a discussion of collective rights organizations. This Note then argues that the European Directive …


A Half-Century Of Scholarship On The Chinese Intellectual Property System, Peter K. Yu Jan 2018

A Half-Century Of Scholarship On The Chinese Intellectual Property System, Peter K. Yu

American University Law Review

No abstract provided.


International Patent Treaties: An Attempt To Make Intellectual Property Rights In Living Matter More User-Friendly, Steven M. Ruby Sep 2017

International Patent Treaties: An Attempt To Make Intellectual Property Rights In Living Matter More User-Friendly, Steven M. Ruby

Oklahoma Journal of Law and Technology

No abstract provided.


Drugs, Drugs Everywhere But Just Not For The Poor, Srividhya Ragavan Jan 2017

Drugs, Drugs Everywhere But Just Not For The Poor, Srividhya Ragavan

Srividhya Ragavan

The objective for this article is to understand the legitimacy and limitations of US involvement in another country’s sovereign actions taken expressly in the public interest, or to protect public health, such as the compulsory licensing of pharmaceuticals.


The Fifty-Eight Proceedings: Domain Name Disputes, Korean Parties, And Wipo Three-Member Panels, Ilhyung Lee May 2016

The Fifty-Eight Proceedings: Domain Name Disputes, Korean Parties, And Wipo Three-Member Panels, Ilhyung Lee

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Trips After Fifteen Years: Success Or Failure, As Measured By Compulsory Licensing, Donald Harris Apr 2016

Trips After Fifteen Years: Success Or Failure, As Measured By Compulsory Licensing, Donald Harris

Journal of Intellectual Property Law

No abstract provided.


The International Law Relation Between Trips And Subsequent Trips-Plus Free Trade Agreements: Towards Safeguarding Trips Flexibilities?, Henning Grosse Ruse-Khan Apr 2016

The International Law Relation Between Trips And Subsequent Trips-Plus Free Trade Agreements: Towards Safeguarding Trips Flexibilities?, Henning Grosse Ruse-Khan

Journal of Intellectual Property Law

No abstract provided.


Russia And Allofmp3.Com: Why The Wto And Wipo Must Create A New System For Resolving Copyright Disputes In The Digital Age, Brian A. Benko Mar 2016

Russia And Allofmp3.Com: Why The Wto And Wipo Must Create A New System For Resolving Copyright Disputes In The Digital Age, Brian A. Benko

Akron Intellectual Property Journal

This article uses Russian law and Russian-based AllofMP3.com to analyze the private dispute resolution system of the World Intellectual Property Organization 14 ("WIPO"), and the nation-based dispute resolution system of the World Trade Organization 15 ("WTO"). Section I provides an overview of AllofMP3.com and the current system of resolving international copyright dispute. Section 11 applies and analyzes the WIPO Center's private party based dispute resolution system, and the WTO's nation based dispute resolution system. Section III proposes a new system for resolving international copyright disputes in the Digital Age. Section IV concludes this article with a few thoughts on the …


Two Comparative Perspectives On Copyright's Past And Future In The Digital Age, Timothy K. Armstrong Jan 2016

Two Comparative Perspectives On Copyright's Past And Future In The Digital Age, Timothy K. Armstrong

Faculty Articles and Other Publications

A review of two recent scholarly books on digital copyright law: The Copyright Wars: Three Centuries of Trans-Atlantic Battle by Peter Baldwin (Princeton, 2014), and Copyfight: The Global Politics of Digital Copyright Reform by Blayne Haggart (Univ. of Toronto, 2014). Both books are meticulously researched and carefully written, and each makes an excellent addition to the literature on copyright. Contrasting both titles in this joint review, however, helps to reveal a few respects in which each work is incomplete; indeed, at times each book reads as a critique of the other.

Baldwin's The Copyright Wars argues that modern debates over …


The Battle Against Geo-Blocking: The Consumer Strikes Back, Sabrina Earle Jan 2016

The Battle Against Geo-Blocking: The Consumer Strikes Back, Sabrina Earle

Richmond Journal of Global Law & Business

The first part of this article will focus on the background of copyright law and its expansion in the digital age. The development of copyright law in the United States will be discussed along with a focus on current case law that has applied copyright law to the Internet and advancing technologies. Part I will also look into the expansion of copyright protection to an international level, including the creation of WIPO and the WIPO Copyright Treaty. Finally, Part I will discuss the popular trend of how consumers use the Internet to access digital copyrightable material. The second part of …


Five Decades Of Intellectual Property And Global Development, Peter K. Yu Jan 2016

Five Decades Of Intellectual Property And Global Development, Peter K. Yu

Faculty Scholarship

The 2016-2017 biennium marks the historical milestones of several major pro-development initiatives relating to intellectual property law and policy. These important milestones include the Intellectual Property Conference of Stockholm in 1967, the adoption of the Declaration on the Right to Development (UNDRD) in 1986 and the establishment of the WIPO Development Agenda in 2007.

On January 1, 2016, the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) also came into force. Adopted by the UN General Assembly in September 2015, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development featured 17 SDGs and 169 targets. Prominently mentioned in Target 3.b of SDG 3 are the WTO …


Drugs, Drugs Everywhere But Just Not For The Poor, Srividhya Ragavan Jan 2016

Drugs, Drugs Everywhere But Just Not For The Poor, Srividhya Ragavan

Faculty Scholarship

The objective for this article is to understand the legitimacy and limitations of US involvement in another country’s sovereign actions taken expressly in the public interest, or to protect public health, such as the compulsory licensing of pharmaceuticals.


Pirates Or Privateers: Examining The Risks Of Conflicting International Regimes Through The Lens Of U.S.-Gambling, Eric A. Heath Jul 2015

Pirates Or Privateers: Examining The Risks Of Conflicting International Regimes Through The Lens Of U.S.-Gambling, Eric A. Heath

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Rethinking Intangible Cultural Heritage And Expressions Of Folklore: A Lesson From The Fcc’S Localism Standards, Jon M. Garon May 2015

Rethinking Intangible Cultural Heritage And Expressions Of Folklore: A Lesson From The Fcc’S Localism Standards, Jon M. Garon

Faculty Scholarship

This article reviews the underlying societal imperatives reflected in a policy of intangible cultural heritage and the intellectual property-like regimes being developed to protect these interests. It contrasts UNESCO efforts with more narrowly tailored efforts of WIPO and juxtaposes those approaches with the localism model developed under the FCC. While aspects of the WIPO protection efforts focusing on trademark-like and trade secret-like protections benefit the people and cultures these policies hope to serve, additional copyright-like protections will likely do more harm than good. Instead, global public policy will be far better served through emphasis on the FCC's localism attributes of …