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27-10-15 Wigan Ieee Smart Cities Guadalajara Education Workshop Presentatation, Marcus R. Wigan Oct 2015

27-10-15 Wigan Ieee Smart Cities Guadalajara Education Workshop Presentatation, Marcus R. Wigan

Marcus R Wigan

Smart Cities are driven by rapid changes in both information generation and access. These are driven initially by technology, but quickly demand adaptive governance and social science demands as a result. A strategy to address the skills required - and the associated disciplines engaged - is laid out. It includes Smart Cities educational agendas from social, technology, and investment perspectives and addresses how the core skill : swift appreciation of the contributions of different disciplines and the ability to speed up genuine adaptive interworking - can be achieved. This strategy builds upon the educational and interchange commitments made in IEEE Smart Cities agreements to ...


How Often Do Cities Mandate Smart Growth Or Green Building?, Michael Lewyn Mar 2015

How Often Do Cities Mandate Smart Growth Or Green Building?, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Much has been written about the role of government regulation in facilitating automobile-oriented sprawl. Zoning codes reduce walkability by artificially segregating housing from commerce, forcing businesses and multifamily landlords to surround their buildings with parking, and artificially reducing density. The “smart growth” movement seeks to reverse these policies, both through regulation and through more libertarian, deregulatory policies. The purpose of this paper is to examine to what extent cities have in fact chosen the former path, and to discuss the possible side effects of prescriptive smart growth and green building regulations. In particular, this paper focuses on attempts to make ...


Requiem For Regulation, Garrett Power Dec 2013

Requiem For Regulation, Garrett Power

Garrett Power

This comment reviews U.S. Supreme Court decisions over the past 100 years which have considered the constitutional limitations on governmental powers. It finds that at the three-quarter mark of the 20th century, a remarkable set of Court precedents had swollen the regulatory powers of governments while shrinking private rights to property and contract. But since the Reagan years, a more conservative Court has undertaken to curtail governmental activity in general, and to limit federal, state, and local planning in particular. A number of 5-4 decisions expanded private property rights and contracted the scope of the federal “commerce power.” The ...


A Cidade E A Copa: Exceções Do Estado E Do Direito Em Favor Da Fifa, Rafael De Oliveira Alves Jan 2013

A Cidade E A Copa: Exceções Do Estado E Do Direito Em Favor Da Fifa, Rafael De Oliveira Alves

Rafael de Oliveira Alves

Resumo Este trabalho pretende apresentar elementos para análise da cidade contemporânea e suas transformações para receber um megaevento esportivo: a Copa do Mundo Fifa 2014. O texto apoia-se na sistematização proposta por Edward Soja (2008). Logo, [1] os processos de reestruturação pós-fordistas, [2] a segregação socioespacial e [3] os mecanismos de encarceramento são categorias importantes para compreender as transformações urbanísticas nas cidades que serão sede de jogos de futebol em 2014 no sentido da constituição de um Estado de exceção. Pretendemos identificar as mudanças do Estado e do Direito para atender os interesses da Fifa e do capital. Assim, elencaremos ...


Moderating Citizen "Visioning" In Town Comprehensive Planning: Deliberative Dialog Processes, Michael N. Widener Dec 2012

Moderating Citizen "Visioning" In Town Comprehensive Planning: Deliberative Dialog Processes, Michael N. Widener

Michael N. Widener

This paper describes one method of mediated collective bargaining addressing opposing stakeholder views in a Comprehensive Land Use Plan amendment processes where stakeholders provide inputs on behalf of a diverse stakeholders’ community. The moderation process described here involves the City of Scottsdale, Arizona, currently engaged in developing its 2014 Plan extending the city’s planning vision through 2045.


From Bricks And Mortar To Mega-Bytes And Mega-Pixels: The Changing Landscape Of The Impact Of Technology And Innovation On Urban Development, Patricia E. Salkin Jul 2012

From Bricks And Mortar To Mega-Bytes And Mega-Pixels: The Changing Landscape Of The Impact Of Technology And Innovation On Urban Development, Patricia E. Salkin

Patricia E. Salkin

This article reflects upon the impact that technology and innovation has had on urban development. From NASA's Landstat program, to Google maps and GPS, technology has had a significant impact on urban planning and land use law. The article begins with a discussion of the impact of the elevator and steel technologies on urban architecture and density, and then moves to changes in transportation such as the automobile and the development of public transportation systems. Green buildings, GIS, satellite data, online mapping, personal computers, the Internet and cell phones are all examined.


Human Rights And Development For India's Rural Remnant: A Capabilities-Based Assessment, Lisa Pruitt Dec 2010

Human Rights And Development For India's Rural Remnant: A Capabilities-Based Assessment, Lisa Pruitt

Lisa R Pruitt

The cachet that India currently enjoys on the world stage is linked largely to the booming high-tech and service economies associated with its megacities. Yet in terms of sheer numbers, India is not an urban nation. About a third of India’s population lives in urban areas, though that figure is rising quickly. One projection indicates that thirty-one villagers will continue to show up in an Indian city every minute over the next forty-three years — 700 million people in all.

Lack of sustainable development in rural areas is a major force behind the massive rural-to-urban migration across Asia. An enormous ...


Public Transit: Myth And Reality, Michael E. Lewyn Mar 2009

Public Transit: Myth And Reality, Michael E. Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Rebuts myth that public transit is inherently unpopular by pointing out that where development is compact and streets are walkable, transit ridership tends to be higher.


The Fall Of The 1977 Phillies: How A Baseball Team's Collapse Sank A City's Spirit, Mitchell J. Nathanson Sep 2007

The Fall Of The 1977 Phillies: How A Baseball Team's Collapse Sank A City's Spirit, Mitchell J. Nathanson

Mitchell J Nathanson

Too often, the Philadelphia sports fan has been dismissed as a lout, a boorish dolt immune to reason, his vocabulary whittled down to a singular “boo.” This is particularly true when it comes to Phillies fans, who are more likely to turn on their team than any other in the city. Although the Eagles, Sixers and Flyers may hear it from the rafters when they’re not going well, only the Phils will hear it when they are. The strained relationship between the city and the Phillies, however, has deep historical and sociological roots; roots that directly correlate with the ...


"Zoning Bias Ii: A Study Of Oregon's Zoning Commission Composition Restrictions", Jerry L. Anderson Nov 2006

"Zoning Bias Ii: A Study Of Oregon's Zoning Commission Composition Restrictions", Jerry L. Anderson

Jerry L. Anderson

This article summarizes an empirical survey of Oregon planning commissions, to determine whether Oregon's occupational restrictions on commission appointments are working. An earlier survey found that zoning boards in Iowa were heavily populated with white-collar occupations, with many having a direct or indirect connection to land development work. Oregon's occupational restrictions appear to have reduced the number of appointees who are tied to development, but the commissions are still skewed toward white-collar representation. The article concludes that legal restrictions should be tightened to achieve the goal of broader occupational distribution.


"Is The Wheel Unbalanced?: A Study Of Bias On Zoning Boards", Jerry L. Anderson Jul 2004

"Is The Wheel Unbalanced?: A Study Of Bias On Zoning Boards", Jerry L. Anderson

Jerry L. Anderson

This article describes an empirical study of the occupational composition of zoning boards in Iowa. The study finds that both zoning adjustment boards and planning commissions are heavily weighted toward white-collar professionals; labor and agricultural interests are significantly under-represented. Moreover, the study finds that boards are heavily populated with those who stand to gain from property development. The study recommends that legal restrictions on board appointments be tightened to ensure a better cross-section of the community is represented.