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Unauthorized practice of law

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Access To Law Or Access To Lawyers? Master's Programs In The Public Educational Mission Of Law Schools, Mark Burge Oct 2019

Access To Law Or Access To Lawyers? Master's Programs In The Public Educational Mission Of Law Schools, Mark Burge

Faculty Scholarship

The general decline in juris doctor (“J.D.”) law school applicants and enrollment over the last decade has coincided with the rise of a new breed of law degree. Whether known as a master of jurisprudence, juris master, master of legal studies, or other names, these graduate degrees all have a target audience in common: adult professionals who neither are nor seek to become practicing attorneys. Inside legal academia and among the practicing bar, these degrees have been accompanied by expressed concerns that they detract from the traditional core public mission of law schools—educating lawyers. This Article argues that non-lawyer master’s …


Mapping Legalzoom's Disruptive Innovation, Matthew T. Ciulla Mar 2018

Mapping Legalzoom's Disruptive Innovation, Matthew T. Ciulla

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

No abstract provided.


Leveraging Academic Law Libraries To Expand Access To Justice, Paul Jerome Mclaughlin Jr. Oct 2017

Leveraging Academic Law Libraries To Expand Access To Justice, Paul Jerome Mclaughlin Jr.

Library Faculty Publications

Academic law libraries are in a unique position to help citizens gain access to the court system and legal information. By creating clinics that focus on helping pro se patrons find and complete legal forms, academic law libraries would not only benefit their schools but also the justice system.


A Tale Of Three “Professions”: Search Engine Optimization, Lawyering & Law Teaching, Ray Campbell Aug 2015

A Tale Of Three “Professions”: Search Engine Optimization, Lawyering & Law Teaching, Ray Campbell

Ray W Campbell

The question has been posed: is legal practice today a profession? This leads, naturally enough, to another question: should society treat it as one? Using the concept of ‘profession’ in different ways, some argue that one thing modern legal practice needs is a good dose of 'professionalism;' others argue that, whatever once might have been true, treating law practice as a ‘profession’ is a rum game best abandoned.

These questions matter. Law enjoys special regulatory privileges and market protections that make little sense if law has become just another form of business – a specialized form of consulting, perhaps. At …


Wanting To Do More But Bound To Do Less: A Law Librarian's Dilemma, Paul Jerome Mclaughlin Jr. Apr 2015

Wanting To Do More But Bound To Do Less: A Law Librarian's Dilemma, Paul Jerome Mclaughlin Jr.

Library Faculty Publications

The role of the law librarian has changed from managing the contents of a library’s collection of books to knowing how to find information sources located around the world contained in a variety of formats, taking part in instruction, and participating in networking activities. Law librarians are constrained by legal and professional codes. If they are cautious, law librarians can assist, instruct, and reach out to public patrons and students while operating within the professional guidelines that govern them.


Remedial And Preventive Responses To The Unauthorized Practice Of Immigration Law, Monique C. Lillard Jan 2014

Remedial And Preventive Responses To The Unauthorized Practice Of Immigration Law, Monique C. Lillard

Articles

No abstract provided.


Online Legal Advice: Ethics In The Digital Age, Paige A. Thomas Jan 2014

Online Legal Advice: Ethics In The Digital Age, Paige A. Thomas

St. Mary's Journal on Legal Malpractice & Ethics

The rise of the Internet changed the way initial interactions between lawyers and prospective clients happen. Unfortunately, a host of problems concerning privacy rights and consumer usage have emerged. In this digital age, where immediacy and response time are driving factors in an attorney’s online presence, the approach to establish an attorney-client relationship is far more informal. Due to the quick rise of the Internet and social media, the Model Rules of Professional Conduct do not offer a clear answer for attorneys using social media. An inherent danger lies in off-the-cuff remarks, made on the Internet—a platform generally associated with …


Student, Esquire?: The Practice Of Law In The Collaborative Classroom, Nantiya Ruan Aug 2013

Student, Esquire?: The Practice Of Law In The Collaborative Classroom, Nantiya Ruan

Nantiya Ruan

Law faculty and non-profit lawyers are working together in a variety of partnerships to offer students exposure to “real life” clients in the first year of law school, as well as in advanced courses in substantive areas. Teachers engaged in client-centered advocacy through experiential frameworks have broken out of their isolated silos in the law school (e.g., legal writing, clinical, externship, and doctrinal) and begun to work together. To help students develop a sense of professional identity, cultivate professional values, and tap into key intrinsic motivations for lawyering, such as serving the public good, collaborative classrooms have an important role …


From The Great Depression To The Great Recession: (Non-)Lawyers Practicing Deregulated Law, Michael A. Bush Apr 2013

From The Great Depression To The Great Recession: (Non-)Lawyers Practicing Deregulated Law, Michael A. Bush

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


People V. Perez - Misapplication Of The Right To Counsel, William A. Roberts, Greg F. Janson Feb 2013

People V. Perez - Misapplication Of The Right To Counsel, William A. Roberts, Greg F. Janson

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Guiding The Invisible Hand: The Consumer Protection Function Of Unauthorized Practice Regulation, Elizabeth Michelman Jan 2013

Guiding The Invisible Hand: The Consumer Protection Function Of Unauthorized Practice Regulation, Elizabeth Michelman

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Protecting The Public, Not Anyone's Turf: The Unlicensed Practice Of Law In Securities Arbitration , John P. Cleary Oct 2012

Protecting The Public, Not Anyone's Turf: The Unlicensed Practice Of Law In Securities Arbitration , John P. Cleary

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


Dysfunctional Contracts And The Laws And Practices That Enable Them: An Empirical Analysis, Debra P. Stark, Jessica M. Choplin Aug 2012

Dysfunctional Contracts And The Laws And Practices That Enable Them: An Empirical Analysis, Debra P. Stark, Jessica M. Choplin

Debra Pogrund Stark

The main function of entering into a contract is for both parties to be bound through being exposed to negative consequences if they breach. A review of purchase agreement forms used by condominium developers in Chicago, Illinois discovered that 79% eliminate the negative consequences for sellers by providing for highly one-sided remedies wherein the buyer’s sole remedy in the event of the seller’s breach was the return of the buyer’s own earnest money while reserving significant remedies to the developer in the event of the buyer’s default. Courts in many jurisdictions have refused to strike down this type of limitation …


Rethinking Regulation And Innovation In The U.S. Legal Services Market, Ray W. Campbell Mar 2012

Rethinking Regulation And Innovation In The U.S. Legal Services Market, Ray W. Campbell

Ray W Campbell

For decades, academics have argued that the US system for regulating the practice of law inhibits innovation. Despite that academic consensus, we live in an age of unparalleled innovation in the way legal services are provided to clients in the United States. What gives? How can we live in a regulatory environment that prevents innovation, and have such an abundance of it? Where is this innovation coming from, and from whence might more innovation come? The answers are neither simple nor obvious. Understanding this changing landscape requires a close look both at how innovations take root and at the US …


Shadow Lawyering: Nonlawyer Practice Within Law Firms, Paul R. Tremblay Nov 2011

Shadow Lawyering: Nonlawyer Practice Within Law Firms, Paul R. Tremblay

Paul R. Tremblay

Lawyers commonly associate with nonlawyers to assist in their performance of lawyering tasks. A lawyer cannot know with confidence, though, whether the delegation of some tasks to a nonlawyer colleague might result in her assisting in the unauthorized practice of law, because the state of the law and the commentary about nonlawyer practice is so confused and incoherent. Some respected authority within the profession tells the lawyer that she may only delegate preparatory matters and must prohibit the nonlawyer from discussing legal matters with clients, or negotiating on behalf of clients. Other authority suggests that the lawyer may delegate a …


Ghostwriting: Filling In The Gaps Of Pro Se Prisoners’ Access To The Courts, Ira P. Robbins Oct 2010

Ghostwriting: Filling In The Gaps Of Pro Se Prisoners’ Access To The Courts, Ira P. Robbins

Ira P. Robbins

Compared with other litigants, pro se prisoners are at an inherent disadvantage when they try to vindicate their rights. They lack many of the resources enjoyed by non-prisoner litigants. They have limited finances and limited access to legal-research materials. Even if they had such access, their illiteracy would lessen its effectiveness. Moreover, many attorneys are unwilling or unable to undertake full representation of prisoner litigants. As a result, pro se prisoners struggle to navigate the complex legal system, often losing their cases on procedural grounds before ever reaching a decision on the merits. This Article argues that, in order to …


Shadow Lawyering: Nonlawyer Practice Within Law Firms, Paul R. Tremblay Apr 2010

Shadow Lawyering: Nonlawyer Practice Within Law Firms, Paul R. Tremblay

Indiana Law Journal

Lawyers commonly associate with nonlawyers to assist in their performance of lawyering tasks. A lawyer cannot know with confidence, though, whether the delegation of some tasks to a nonlawyer colleague might result in her assisting in the unauthorized practice of law, because the state of the law and the commentary about nonlawyer practice is so confused and incoherent. Some respected authority within the profession tells the lawyer that she may only delegate preparatory matters and must prohibit the nonlawyer from discussing legal matters with clients, or negotiating on behalf of clients. Other authority suggests that the lawyer may delegate a …


Multijurisdictional Practice And The Influence Of Model Rule Of Professional Conduct 5.5 - An Interim Assessment, Arthur F. Greenbaum Jan 2010

Multijurisdictional Practice And The Influence Of Model Rule Of Professional Conduct 5.5 - An Interim Assessment, Arthur F. Greenbaum

Arthur F Greenbaum

In adopting Model Rule 5.5 the ABA hoped to both modernize the standards for multijurisdictional practice, and to promote greater uniformity in the states with respect to such practice. While the ABA’s efforts have borne substantial fruit, the degree to which these goals have been met is often overstated. In this article, I explore in depth the influence Model Rule 5.5 has had on the states, the degree of variation that remains, and the unintended consequences that may flow from this reform effort.


Toward National Uniformity In The Treatment Of Public Insurance Adjusters Under State Unauthorized Practice Of Law Provisions, Clayton P. Solomon Jan 2009

Toward National Uniformity In The Treatment Of Public Insurance Adjusters Under State Unauthorized Practice Of Law Provisions, Clayton P. Solomon

Student Articles and Papers

At present, forty-four of fifty states, plus the District of Columbia, license public insurance adjusters to assist policyholders in the settlement of claims for property loss under insurance contracts. In the six states that do not license public adjusters, however, state authorities may at any time conclude that the profession as a whole, by its very nature, constitutes the unauthorized practice of law (UPL). Arkansas flatly prohibits public adjusting on this basis.

By restricting public adjusting activities to members of the bar, policyholders are obliged to pay higher fees for legal representation where the services of a non-attorney adjuster would …


Can Software Be A Bankruptcy Petition Preparer?, Thomas Szaniawski Jan 2009

Can Software Be A Bankruptcy Petition Preparer?, Thomas Szaniawski

Bankruptcy Research Library

(Excerpt)

Recently, in Reynoso v. United States (In re Reynoso) — a case of first impression for the Ninth Circuit that addressed the intersection of cyberspace and bankruptcy — the court held that a provider of web-based bankruptcy software was a bankruptcy petition preparer (“BPP”) under 11 U.S.C. section 110 and that under California law, the features and functionality of the software went beyond mere typesetting and constituted the unauthorized practice of law. Reynoso v. United States (In re Reynoso), 477 F.3d 1117 (9th Cir. 2007). In re Reynoso is significant because prior to this …


Professional Malpractice In A World Of Amateurs, Thomas D. Morgan Jan 2009

Professional Malpractice In A World Of Amateurs, Thomas D. Morgan

GW Law Faculty Publications & Other Works

An increasing number of tasks once reserved to lawyers are now being performed by non-lawyers. That reality seems likely to continue. The question then becomes against what standard of performance such “amateur” practice should be assessed. One answer might be that a non-lawyer should be guilty of malpractice if the work is performed below the level of quality to which a lawyer would be held. This paper argues that the work should instead be judged against the standard of performance the non-lawyer purported to be able to deliver.


Licensing Lawyers In The Modern Economy, Trippe S. Fried Sep 2008

Licensing Lawyers In The Modern Economy, Trippe S. Fried

Campbell Law Review

This article explores a key question for the future of the legal profession: does a paradigm in which each individual state has exclusive control over the practice of law within its borders work in the marketplace of Friedman's "flat world"? Or in today's global economy does state micromanagement of the legal profession so inure to the detriment of lawyers and clients that some form of national licensing is necessary?


Attorneys As Debt Relief Agencies: Constitutional Considerations, Marisa Terranova Jan 2008

Attorneys As Debt Relief Agencies: Constitutional Considerations, Marisa Terranova

Fordham Journal of Corporate & Financial Law

No abstract provided.


Pro Se Executors—Unauthorized Practice Of Law, Or Not?, Michael Hatfield Jan 2007

Pro Se Executors—Unauthorized Practice Of Law, Or Not?, Michael Hatfield

Articles

This Article clarifies why under Texas law an individual named as executor in a will has the right to offer the will for probate and otherwise appear in a probate court without hiring a lawyer. This Article first provides an overview of the independent administration provisions of the Texas probate code before reviewing the unauthorized practice of law prohibition and the pro se exception. After establishing that executors qualify for the pro se exception in Texas because executors appearing in court are exercising their own management rights—rather than the rights of "the estate" or the beneficiaries—the Article explores suggestions of …


Election Day At The Bar, Allison R. Hayward Jan 2007

Election Day At The Bar, Allison R. Hayward

Case Western Reserve Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Model Definition Of The Practice Of Law: If Not Now, When? An Alternative Approach To Defining The Practice Of Law, Soha F. Turfler Sep 2004

A Model Definition Of The Practice Of Law: If Not Now, When? An Alternative Approach To Defining The Practice Of Law, Soha F. Turfler

Washington and Lee Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Obligation Of Legal Aid Lawyers To Champion Practice By Nonlawyers, Deborah J. Cantrell Jan 2004

The Obligation Of Legal Aid Lawyers To Champion Practice By Nonlawyers, Deborah J. Cantrell

Publications

No abstract provided.


Scriveners In Cyberspace: Online Document Preparation And The Unauthorized Practice Of Law, Catherine J. Lanctot Jan 2002

Scriveners In Cyberspace: Online Document Preparation And The Unauthorized Practice Of Law, Catherine J. Lanctot

Hofstra Law Review

No abstract provided.


Lawyers, Non-Lawyers And Mediation: Rethinking The Professional Monopoly From A Problem-Solving Perspective , Jacqueline Nolan-Haley Jan 2002

Lawyers, Non-Lawyers And Mediation: Rethinking The Professional Monopoly From A Problem-Solving Perspective , Jacqueline Nolan-Haley

Faculty Scholarship

Mediation is a big business today that is practiced by lawyers and non-lawyers, and is closely related to the business of law. Lawyers have a long-standing monopoly on the law business and do not look favorably on sharing their power with nonlawyers. This phenomenon is odd because it occurs at the same time that the legal profession is beginning to embrace a new ethic of problem-solving that honors the values of collaboration and power-sharing among professionals in multiple disciplines. Lawyers protect their professional monopoly through the unauthorized practice of law ("UPL") doctrine that limits the practice of law to licensed …


Petition For A Writ Of Certiorari, Arons V. Office Of Disciplinary Counsel Of The Supreme Court Of De, No. 00-509 (U.S. Oct 02, 2000), David C. Vladeck Oct 2000

Petition For A Writ Of Certiorari, Arons V. Office Of Disciplinary Counsel Of The Supreme Court Of De, No. 00-509 (U.S. Oct 02, 2000), David C. Vladeck

U.S. Supreme Court Briefs

No abstract provided.