Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Right to die

Series

Discipline
Institution
Publication Year
Publication

Articles 1 - 30 of 32

Full-Text Articles in Law

A History Of The Law Of Assisted Dying In The United States, Alan Meisel Jan 2020

A History Of The Law Of Assisted Dying In The United States, Alan Meisel

Articles

The slow growth in the number of states that have enacted legislation to permit what is often referred to as “death with dignity” legislation—and more frequently referred to popularly as “physician assisted suicide” laws—has begun to accelerate in the past few years since the enactment of the first such statute in Oregon in 1994.

Like much other social reform legislation, there is a long history behind it. In this case, the history in the United States dates back at least to the latter part of the nineteenth century. Not until the 1980s, however, did these efforts gain any traction in …


Pre-Mortem Cryopreservation: Recognizing A Patient’S Right To Die In Order To Live, Ryan Sullivan Jan 2010

Pre-Mortem Cryopreservation: Recognizing A Patient’S Right To Die In Order To Live, Ryan Sullivan

Nebraska College of Law: Faculty Publications

I. Introduction

II. The Science of Cryonic Preservation ... A. History of Cryonics ... B. The Process ... C. Current Science ... 1. Cryobiology ... a. Successful Births with Once-Frozen Embryos ... b. If You Can Thaw a Frozen Dog ... c. Surgeries Performed during Suspended Animation ... d. Successful Revival after Three Hours of Clinical Death ... 2. Advancements in Nanotechnology ... 3. Obstacles to Overcome

III. Relevant Law ... A. Laws Governing Cryonics ... B. Right to Die and Assisted Suicide ... C. States’ Interests Are Not Compelling ... 1. Interest in Preserving Life and Preventing Suicide ... …


Gonzales V. Oregon And Physician-Assisted Suicide: Ethical And Policy Issues, Ken Levy Jan 2007

Gonzales V. Oregon And Physician-Assisted Suicide: Ethical And Policy Issues, Ken Levy

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


An Idea Whose Time Should Never Have Come, Roger B. Dworkin Jan 2005

An Idea Whose Time Should Never Have Come, Roger B. Dworkin

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Tribute To John Pickering, Evan H. Caminker Jan 2005

Tribute To John Pickering, Evan H. Caminker

Other Publications

I had the great fortune to work with John Pickering during my own stint as a young associate at Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering. One of my first projects at the firm was to assist John in writing an amicus brief in the landmark right-to-die case involving Nancy Cruzan. Learning to draft a Supreme Court brief from such a master advocate was a memorable experience. Of course, John taught me a great deal about first-rate brief writing, but much more significantly, he illustrated by example the possibility and importance of marrying reason with passion, and of dedicating one's energy and talents …


Politicizing The End Of Life: Lessons From The Schiavo Controversy, Barbara A. Noah Jan 2004

Politicizing The End Of Life: Lessons From The Schiavo Controversy, Barbara A. Noah

Faculty Scholarship

The case of Theresa Marie Schiavo raises challenging legal and ethical issues, although the events of the case are not entirely novel. It is a well-settled principle under Florida law that individuals have a right to refuse life-sustaining medical treatment. After years of litigation, numerous courts have confirmed that removal of life support is legally appropriate under the facts of this case. Nevertheless, six days after Theresa's feeding tube was removed, the Florida legislature
opted to intervene in the final judicial decision by granting the Governor the authority to overrule the court's decision and to order the tube reinserted. These …


Troxel And The Limits Of Community, Margaret F. Brinig Jan 2001

Troxel And The Limits Of Community, Margaret F. Brinig

Journal Articles

The Troxel grandparent-visitation case that frames this symposium, the Washington statute included in Troxel, the mercifully completed odyssey of Cuban-born Elian Gonzalez, and the "right to die" case of Hugh Finn all illustrate both the fervor with which the broader community justifies its involvement with families and the extremes to which this involvement can spread. Using constitutional language, advocates point out the rights of extended family members to continue or strengthen ties to children, whether adult or minor. On the other side, parents and spouses claim their own rights not to have outsiders second-guess or interfere with their decisions.

Though …


Concluding Thoughts: Bioethics In The Language Of The Law, Carl E. Schneider Jan 2000

Concluding Thoughts: Bioethics In The Language Of The Law, Carl E. Schneider

Book Chapters

What happens when the language of the law becomes a vulgar tongue? What happens, more particularly, when parties to bioethical disputes are obliged to borrow in their daily controversies, the ideas, and even the language, peculiar to judicial proceedings? How suited are the habits and tastes and thus the language of the judicial magistrate to the political, and more particularly, the bioethical, questions of our time? We must ask these questions because, as the incomparable Tocqueville foresaw, it has become American practice to resolve political—and moral—questions into judicial questions. We now reverently refer to the Supreme Court as the great …


The Right To Die And The Ninth Amendment: Compassion And Dying After Glucksberg And Vacco, Robert M. Hardaway, Miranda K. Peterson, Cassandra Mann Jan 1999

The Right To Die And The Ninth Amendment: Compassion And Dying After Glucksberg And Vacco, Robert M. Hardaway, Miranda K. Peterson, Cassandra Mann

Sturm College of Law: Faculty Scholarship

Part I reviews the historical development of physician assisted suicide, describes current medical practices and physicians' attitudes, and outlines the related legal debate over euthanasia. Part II explains the statutory and case law precedent of physician-assisted suicide. This Part also examines the factual and procedural history of the Supreme Court's decisions in Glucksberg and Vacco. Part III explores the Ninth Amendment issues which the Court failed to address in Glucksberg and Vacco, and argues that a right to die exists under existing Ninth Amendment precedent. This part also provides recommendations for a model Dignity in Dying statute that would comply …


The Future Of Physician-Assisted Suicide, Yale Kamisar Jan 1998

The Future Of Physician-Assisted Suicide, Yale Kamisar

Articles

I believe that when the Supreme Court handed down its decisions in 1997 in Washington v. Glucksberg and Vacca v. Quill, proponents of physician-assisted suicide (PAS) suffered a much greater setback than many of them are able or willing to admit.


Fragments On The Deathwatch, Louise Harmon Jan 1998

Fragments On The Deathwatch, Louise Harmon

Scholarly Works

No abstract provided.


Making Sausage: The Ninth Circuit's Opinion, Carl E. Schneider Jan 1997

Making Sausage: The Ninth Circuit's Opinion, Carl E. Schneider

Articles

As I write, the Supreme Court has just agreed to hear Compassion in Dying v. Washington and Quill v. Vacco, the two cases in which United States circuit courts of appeals held that a state may not constitutionally prohibit physicians from helping a terminally ill person who wishes to commit suicide to do so. These cases have already received lavish comment and criticism, and no doubt the Supreme Court's opinion will garner even more. Reasonably enough, most of this analysis addresses the merits of physician-assisted suicide as social policy. I, here, want to talk about how setting bioethical policy …


The Constitutional Right To Die: Ethical Considerations, Lawrence O. Gostin Jan 1997

The Constitutional Right To Die: Ethical Considerations, Lawrence O. Gostin

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

In this commentary, the author first looks at some ethical reasoning supporting physician-assisted dying. Second, he examines some of the lines that have been drawn between withdrawing and withholding life-sustaining treatment on the one hand, and physician-assisted dying on the other. Finally, he relates both of these matters to constitutional reasoning, beginning with Cruzan and ending with the cases before the Supreme Court at the time of the article's publication.


It Started With Quinlan: The Ever Expanding 'Right To Die', Yale Kamisar Jan 1996

It Started With Quinlan: The Ever Expanding 'Right To Die', Yale Kamisar

Articles

Few rallying cries sound more straightforward than the "right to die"-but few are more fuzzy or more misunderstood. This becomes all too evident when comparing the right-to-die decision handed down by the U.S. Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals earlier this month and the New Jersey Supreme Court's decision in the Karen Ann Quinlan case twenty years ago. At different times, the "right to die" has embraced significantly different rights. On March 6, in Compassion in Dying v. Washington State, the Ninth Circuit held that because a Washington state statute prohibiting assisted suicide prevents physicians from providing assistance to competent, terminally …


The Reasons So Many People Support Physician-Assisted Suicide - And Why These Reasons Are Not Convincing, Yale Kamisar Jan 1996

The Reasons So Many People Support Physician-Assisted Suicide - And Why These Reasons Are Not Convincing, Yale Kamisar

Articles

It would be hard to deny that there is a great deal of support in this country-and ever-growing support-for legalizing physician-assisted suicide (PAS). Why is this so? I believe there are a considerable number of reasons. In this article, I shall discuss five common reasons and explain why I do not find any of them convincing.


The 'Right To Die': On Drawing (And Erasing) Lines, Yale Kamisar Jan 1996

The 'Right To Die': On Drawing (And Erasing) Lines, Yale Kamisar

Articles

Until this year, no state or federal appellate court had ever held that there was a right to assisted suicide no matter how narrow the circumstances or stringent the conditions. In 1996, however, within the span of a single month, two federal courts of appeals so held; in an 8-3 majority of the Ninth Circuit (sitting en banc) in Compassion in Dying v. Washington and a three-judge panel of the Second Circuit in Quill v. Vacco. What heartened proponents of a right to physician-assisted suicide even more, and pleased those resistant to the idea even less, was that the two …


Constitutional Tragedy In Dying: Responses To Some Common Arguments Against The Constitutional Right To Die, James E. Fleming Jan 1996

Constitutional Tragedy In Dying: Responses To Some Common Arguments Against The Constitutional Right To Die, James E. Fleming

Faculty Scholarship

I shall argue for the constitutional right to die, including the right of terminally ill persons to physician-assisted suicide. Indeed, I shall argue that it would be a constitutional tragedy if the Supreme Court were to hold that the Constitution does not protect such a right to die,2 and thus to overrule the Ninth Circuit decision in Compassion in Dying v. Washington3 (to say nothing of the Second Circuit decision in Quill v. Vacco4). First, such a holding would entail that the Constitution sanctions a grievous wrong, a horrible form of tyranny: allowing the state to impose upon some citizens, …


Physician Assisted Suicide: The Last Bridge To Active Voluntary Euthanasia, Yale Kamisar Jan 1995

Physician Assisted Suicide: The Last Bridge To Active Voluntary Euthanasia, Yale Kamisar

Book Chapters

SOME 30 YEARS AGO an eminent constitutional law scholar, Charles L. Black, Jr, spoke of 'toiling uphill against that heaviest of all argumental weights- the weight of a slogan.' I am reminded of that observation when I confront the slogan the 'right to die.' Few rallying cries or slogans are more appealing and seductive than the 'right to die.' But few are more fuzzy, more misleading, or more misunderstood.


The Right To Die As An Issue Of Privacy: A Selective Bibliography, Sandra S. Klein Jan 1994

The Right To Die As An Issue Of Privacy: A Selective Bibliography, Sandra S. Klein

Journal Articles

The issue of whether or not an individual has the right to choose when he or she will die, is a very controversial one for many reasons. Further complicating the issue is the question of who, if anyone, has the right to decide for those who are unable to choose for themselves. The bibliography which follows includes articles which discuss this topic from a right to privacy perspective, and should prove useful to those researchers who are new to the subject, as well as to those who are already familiar with the many complex issues involved.


Assisted Suicide And Euthanasia: The Cases Are In The Pipeline, Yale Kamisar Jan 1994

Assisted Suicide And Euthanasia: The Cases Are In The Pipeline, Yale Kamisar

Articles

When I first wrote about this subject 36 years ago, the chance that any state would legalize assisted suicide or active voluntary euthanasia seemed minuscule. The possibility that any court would find these activities protected by the Due Process Clause seemed so remote as to be almost inconceivable. Not anymore. Before this decade ends, at least several states probably will decriminalize assisted suicide and/or active voluntary euthanasia. [Editor's note: In November, Oregon became the first state to legalize physician-assisted suicide, allowing doctors to prescribe lethal medication for competent, terminally ill adults who request it.] A distinct possibility also exists that …


The 'Right To Die': A Catchy But Confusing Slogan, Yale Kamisar Jan 1994

The 'Right To Die': A Catchy But Confusing Slogan, Yale Kamisar

Articles

Some 30 years ago an eminent constitutional law scholar Charles L. Black, Jr., spoke of "toiling uphill against that heaviest of all argumental weights-the weight of a slogan. I am reminded of that observation when I confront the slogan the "right to die." Few rallying cries or slogans are more appealing and seductive than the "right to die." But few are more fuzzy, more misleading, and more misunderstood.


Withdrawal Of Treatment For Minors In A Persistent Vegetative State: Parents Should Decide, Ann Maclean Massie Jan 1993

Withdrawal Of Treatment For Minors In A Persistent Vegetative State: Parents Should Decide, Ann Maclean Massie

Scholarly Articles

No abstract provided.


Defining The Right To Die, David M. English Jan 1993

Defining The Right To Die, David M. English

Faculty Publications

Although Friedrich Nietzsche was not noted for his views on medical ethics, the above quotation captures the essence of James Lindgren's article. Lindgren posits that the recent O'Connor' and Cruzan decisions signal a shift in the law on the withdrawal or withholding of treatment. He concludes that the requirement set forth in those cases-that an individual must have clearly and convincingly expressed his or her wishes before treatment can be terminated--errs unduly on the side of life. Basing his conclusion primarily on preferences revealed by public opinion polls, he contends that a better rule would be to presume, subject to …


Active V. Passive Euthanasia: Why Keep The Distinction?, Yale Kamisar Jan 1993

Active V. Passive Euthanasia: Why Keep The Distinction?, Yale Kamisar

Articles

In the past two decades, we have witnessed a "sea change in public, medical, and legislative judgments" about "letting die" and the "right to die." But it is no less true today than it was 35 years ago, when I first wrote about this subject, that in Anglo-American jurisprudence active euthanasia (what used to be called "mercy killing") is murder.


The "Value Of Human Life" And "The Right To Death": Some Reflections On Cruzan And Ronald Dworkin, John M. Finnis Jan 1993

The "Value Of Human Life" And "The Right To Death": Some Reflections On Cruzan And Ronald Dworkin, John M. Finnis

Journal Articles

These reflections focus on three members (one professor and two alumni) of my Oxford college. Though University College officially bears the name The Great Hall of the University of Oxford, it is only one of that university's 30 colleges, and not a particularly large one-only about 450 students and teaching fellows like myself. My title's focus on one named law professor may already seem narrow. How then, you may wonder, can adding two more names from the same little institution in England make this lecture less parochial, and more relevant to Southern Illinois?


Right-To-Die, Bruce N. Morton Jan 1991

Right-To-Die, Bruce N. Morton

Scholarly Works

No abstract provided.


Who Should Live-Or Die? Who Should Decide?, Yale Kamisar Jan 1991

Who Should Live-Or Die? Who Should Decide?, Yale Kamisar

Articles

TRIAL asked Professor Kamisar questions on legal and ethical issues surrounding the right to die, a subject attracting increasing interest across the country and around the world.


When Is There A Constitutional 'Right To Die'? When Is There No Constitutional 'Right To Live'?, Yale Kamisar Jan 1991

When Is There A Constitutional 'Right To Die'? When Is There No Constitutional 'Right To Live'?, Yale Kamisar

Articles

When I am invited to participate in conferences on the "right to die," I suspect that the organizers of such gatherings expect me to fill what might be called the " 'slippery slope' slot" on the program or, more generally, to articulate the "conservative" position on this controversial matter. These expectations are hardly surprising. The "right to die" is a euphemism for what almost everybody used to call a form of euthanasia-" passive" or "negative" or "indirect" euthanasia-and some thirty years ago, in the course of raising various objections to proposed euthanasia legislation, I advanced the "thin edge of the …


The Health Care Proxy And The Living Will, George J. Annas Jan 1991

The Health Care Proxy And The Living Will, George J. Annas

Faculty Scholarship

A legally enforceable declaration can be executed only 14 days or more after a person is diagnosed as having a terminal illness, defined as one that will cause the patient's death "imminently," whether or not life-sustaining procedures are continued. [...]even though this statute was inspired by her story, it would not have helped Quinlan, because she was not terminally ill.


Constitutionalizing The 'Right To Die', Thomas Wm. Mayo Jan 1990

Constitutionalizing The 'Right To Die', Thomas Wm. Mayo

Faculty Journal Articles and Book Chapters

Following the Supreme Court’s unprecedented acceptance of three abortion cases, and for the first time a case involving the withdrawal of life-sustaining medical treatment in the upcoming 1989 Term, this article addresses the so-called right to die. Specifically, as in Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health, whether the federal constitutional right of privacy extends to decisions, made on behalf of permanently unconscious patients, to have life-sustaining medical treatment discontinued and, if so, whether a state’s interest in the sanctity of life can override the patient’s privacy right? This article argues that on doctrinal as well as policy grounds, no …