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Regulation

1991

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 35

Full-Text Articles in Law

Understanding The Toxic Substances Control Act: The Significance Of Reporting And Recordkeeping Requirements, Courtney M. Price, Jennifer M. Smart Oct 1991

Understanding The Toxic Substances Control Act: The Significance Of Reporting And Recordkeeping Requirements, Courtney M. Price, Jennifer M. Smart

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


Checks And Balance: Limitations On The Power Of Congressional Oversight, Steven Shimberg Oct 1991

Checks And Balance: Limitations On The Power Of Congressional Oversight, Steven Shimberg

Law and Contemporary Problems

An examination by Lazarus (1991) of the adversarial effects of congressional oversight on the EPA is erroneous in its premise that congressional oversight is a powerful tool that can make or break the EPA and unduly influence the implementation of federal environmental policy. A review of the seven "disadvantages" of congressional oversight of the EPA cited by Lazarus is presented.


The Case For Integrated Pollution Control, Lakshman Guruswamy Oct 1991

The Case For Integrated Pollution Control, Lakshman Guruswamy

Law and Contemporary Problems

An integrated approach to pollution control (IPC) is advocated. The disadvantages of the EPA's current fragmented approach are examined, and the advantages and difficulties posed by implementing an integrated approach are discussed. The EPA can develop several practicable measures to overcome these difficulties.


The Internal Structure Of Epa Rulemaking, Thomas O. Mcgarity Oct 1991

The Internal Structure Of Epa Rulemaking, Thomas O. Mcgarity

Law and Contemporary Problems

The EPA's evolving internal decisionmaking structures as they relate to the agency's primary function of promulgating rules and regulations are examined. As an agency addressing complex scientific, economic and technological issues, the EPA must draw upon many different kinds of expertise and has developed a unique version of "bureaucratic pluralism" as manifested in the "team" model that dominates the EPA's institutional thought process.


The Tragedy Of Distrust In The Implementation Of Federal Environmental Law, Richard J. Lazarus Oct 1991

The Tragedy Of Distrust In The Implementation Of Federal Environmental Law, Richard J. Lazarus

Law and Contemporary Problems

The relationship between the EPA and Congress Since the founding of the EPA in 1970 has been marked by congressional oversight that has seriously frustrated the development and implementation of federal environmental protection policy. A destructive cycle has emerged: agency distrust has led to the failure of its policies, creating further distrust and further failure.


Limitations Of Sovereign Immunity Under The Clean Water Act: Empowering States To Confront Federal Polluters, Corinne Beckwith Yates Oct 1991

Limitations Of Sovereign Immunity Under The Clean Water Act: Empowering States To Confront Federal Polluters, Corinne Beckwith Yates

Michigan Law Review

This Note considers whether civil penalties that states impose on federal agencies for violations of NPDES permits arise under federal law and thus are covered by the Clean Water Act's waiver of sovereign immunity - an issue the Supreme Court is scheduled to address during the 1991 term. Part I outlines the history of the Clean Water Act, discussing Supreme Court decisions and statutory amendments that affect the sovereign immunity provision. Part II explains the mechanics of the NPDES state permit process and examines, through analysis of statutory provisions, the degree of control retained by the EPA over individual states ...


The Effects Of Fee Shifting On The Settlement Rate: Theoretical Observations On Costs, Conflicts, And Contingency Fees, John J. Donohue Iii Jul 1991

The Effects Of Fee Shifting On The Settlement Rate: Theoretical Observations On Costs, Conflicts, And Contingency Fees, John J. Donohue Iii

Law and Contemporary Problems

Litigation costs could be conceived as a bribe to parties to reach a contractual agreement settling their dispute. The question of what effect fee-shifting rules might have on the rate of settlements in lawsuits is examined.


A Judge’S View Of Congressional Action Affecting The Courts, Avern Cohn Jul 1991

A Judge’S View Of Congressional Action Affecting The Courts, Avern Cohn

Law and Contemporary Problems

A comment on Larry Kramer's article suggesting an addition to the mechanisms of congressional review of proposed legislation that has an impact on the work of federal courts is presented. The Office of Technology Assessment's present job for Congress in this respect is evaluated.


From “Cases” To “Litigation”, Judith Resnik Jul 1991

From “Cases” To “Litigation”, Judith Resnik

Law and Contemporary Problems

Changes in attitude and practice about the propriety of resolving cases in groups as part of one litigation are documented. The aggregation of civil cases is discussed.


“The One-Eyed Are Kings”: Improving Congress’S Ability To Regulate The Use Of Judicial Resources, Larry Kramer Jul 1991

“The One-Eyed Are Kings”: Improving Congress’S Ability To Regulate The Use Of Judicial Resources, Larry Kramer

Law and Contemporary Problems

Improving the ability of Congress to regulate the use of judicial resources is discussed. Reducing caseload growth in the federal courts, assuring that judicial resources are utilized effectively and a proposed agency that would structure jurisdiction under particular legislation are discussed.


Comment On Donohue, Danny Boggs Jul 1991

Comment On Donohue, Danny Boggs

Law and Contemporary Problems

A comment on John J. Donohue III's article on the effects of fee-shifting rules on the rate of settlements in lawsuits is presented. The article bears out the idea that something may work fine in practice but it remains to be proven if it will work in theory.


Agenda: Innovation In Western Water Law And Management, University Of Colorado Boulder. Natural Resources Law Center Jun 1991

Agenda: Innovation In Western Water Law And Management, University Of Colorado Boulder. Natural Resources Law Center

Innovation in Western Water Law and Management (Summer Conference, June 5-7)

Conference organizers and/or faculty included University of Colorado School of Law professors Lawrence J. MacDonnell, David H. Getches, Charles F. Wilkinson and Richard B. Collins.

Pressures of population, drought, and changing water use have provided the impetus for numerous innovations in water law and management in recent years. The Center's annual conference June 5-7, 1991, will look at innovation and change in five areas--water planning, special water management areas, negotiated settlements of tribal water rights, conjunctive use of ground and surface water, and public values in water decision making. Each session will begin with talks by experts from ...


Northern Cheyenne Tribe Water Rights Compact, Northern Cheyenne Tribe, Mt May 1991

Northern Cheyenne Tribe Water Rights Compact, Northern Cheyenne Tribe, Mt

Native American Water Rights Settlement Project

Settlement Agreement and State Legislation: Water Rights Compact State among Montana, Northern Cheyenne Tribe and US. MCA 85-20-301 (1991). The statute ratifies Compact between Northern Cheyenne, MT and US. This Compact resolves all water claims by the Northern Cheyenne within MT so long as the Tongue River Reservoir is repaired and expanded. Pre-existing stock water, domestic and municipal water uses are recognized. Tribe has right to 32,500 a/f/y of direct flow and storage from the Tongue River Basin (and first rights to excess) with a priority date of Oct. 1, 1881 provided that actual depletion does not ...


Defining "Green": Toward Regulation Of Environmental Marketing Claims, Roger D. Wynne May 1991

Defining "Green": Toward Regulation Of Environmental Marketing Claims, Roger D. Wynne

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

This Note joins a rising chorus calling for government regulation of green marketing claims. It attempts to encourage and add a sense of urgency to a burgeoning regulatory movement by highlighting some of the legal issues that such regulation entails. Part I identifies a gap in the law: the inability of current truth-in-advertising laws to clarify the legality of green marketing claims. Part II urges bridging that gap quickly; it examines the costs of continued nonregulation and describes some of the forms regulation is taking. Part III attempts to allay any fears that such regulations might be challenged on first ...


Review Essay: Sunstein, Statutes, And The Common Law--Reconciling Markets, The Communal Impulse, And The Mammoth State, Peter L. Strauss Feb 1991

Review Essay: Sunstein, Statutes, And The Common Law--Reconciling Markets, The Communal Impulse, And The Mammoth State, Peter L. Strauss

Michigan Law Review

The following pages principally address Professor Sunstein's basic argument for building on, rather than defending against, legislative judgments, and so virtually ignore the details of his proposals for statutory interpretation. Part I outlines Sunstein's case for some regulation - the necessary failures of market ordering and the consequent need for a mixed economy in which government regulation intervenes in important ways. Part II addresses Sunstein's decision to tie his analysis to the public law innovations of the New Deal, and suggests ways in which the analysis might be strengthened by attention to earlier struggles and changes - changes in ...


Products Liability And Preemption: A Judicial Framework, Barbara L. Atwell Jan 1991

Products Liability And Preemption: A Judicial Framework, Barbara L. Atwell

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Faculty Publications

Part I of this article examines the preemption doctrine while Part II explores the development of the law of products liability. Part III analyzes products liability cases in which the preemption defense has been raised—focusing on cases involving cigarettes and automobiles—and examines the approaches taken by the courts. Finally, Part IV articulates a framework for courts to use when the preemption defense is asserted in products liability cases.


Resolution Trust Corporation: Waste Management And The S&L Crisis, Wayne M. Josel Jan 1991

Resolution Trust Corporation: Waste Management And The S&L Crisis, Wayne M. Josel

Fordham Law Review

No abstract provided.


Thumbs On The Scale: The Role That Accounting Practices Played In The Savings And Loan Crisis, Richard C. Breeden Jan 1991

Thumbs On The Scale: The Role That Accounting Practices Played In The Savings And Loan Crisis, Richard C. Breeden

Fordham Law Review

Mr. Breeden is the Chairmain of the Securities and Exchance Commission. This speech was given by Chairman Breeden as part of the annual Financial Institutions and Regulation Symposium at the Fordham University School of Law. The Commission, as a matter of policy, disclaims responsibility for any private publication or statement by any of its members or employees. The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of other members of the Commission or the staff.


The Development Of The Equal Treatment Principle In The International Debt Crisis, Carsten Thomas Ebenroth, Rüdiger Woggon Jan 1991

The Development Of The Equal Treatment Principle In The International Debt Crisis, Carsten Thomas Ebenroth, Rüdiger Woggon

Michigan Journal of International Law

Since the outbreak of the international debt crisis at the beginning of the 1980s, debtor countries have reached a series of agreements with private creditor banks, with the aim of reducing the financial strain on the debtor countries and enabling them to service their debts. Long-term extensions of maturities are a central aspect of many of these arrangements. Included in the restructurings are all the medium- and long-term claims of the creditor banks, often short-term trade credits and interbank lines, and, in individual cases such as the restructuring of the debts of Poland, Yugoslavia, Costa Rica, and some African States ...


Private Market Solutions To The Savings And Loan Crisis: Bank Holding Company Acquisitions Of Savings Associations, Lissa Lamkin Broome Jan 1991

Private Market Solutions To The Savings And Loan Crisis: Bank Holding Company Acquisitions Of Savings Associations, Lissa Lamkin Broome

Fordham Law Review

This speech was given by Professor Broome as part of the Annual Financial Institutions and Regulation Symposium at the Fordham School of Law.


The Office Of Thrift Supervision, Robert Cooper Jan 1991

The Office Of Thrift Supervision, Robert Cooper

Fordham Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Note To Congress And The Fdic: After Firrea, Where's The Bif?, David Andrew Segal Jan 1991

A Note To Congress And The Fdic: After Firrea, Where's The Bif?, David Andrew Segal

Fordham Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Commodity Exchange Monopoly – Reform Is Needed, Jerry W. Markham Jan 1991

The Commodity Exchange Monopoly – Reform Is Needed, Jerry W. Markham

Faculty Publications

In theory, the commodity futures markets are the essence of competition. All orders are required to be exposed to trading pits where traders vie competitively and aggressively to assure the best possible execution price. On the surface, as observed from the exchange galleries or on television, the exchanges do appear to be highly competitive, particularly when one views hundreds of traders screaming and gesticulating wildly for orders. The now famous sting operations on the Chicago exchanges in 1989, however, have provided dramatic evidence that a dangerous symbiotic relationship has developed among traders on the floor that is undermining competition and ...


Savings And Loan Crisis, Carl Felsenfeld Jan 1991

Savings And Loan Crisis, Carl Felsenfeld

Fordham Law Review

No abstract provided.


Pre-Emption Of Local Law By State Legislature Jan 1991

Pre-Emption Of Local Law By State Legislature

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


…And Backward: Death And Transfiguration Among The Savings Associations, Michael P. Malloy Jan 1991

…And Backward: Death And Transfiguration Among The Savings Associations, Michael P. Malloy

Fordham Law Review

No abstract provided.


Judicial Responses To The Recent Enforcement Activities Of The Federal Banking Regulators, Lawrence G. Baxter Jan 1991

Judicial Responses To The Recent Enforcement Activities Of The Federal Banking Regulators, Lawrence G. Baxter

Fordham Law Review

Paper presented on April 12, 1991, as part of the Fordham University School of Law's Graduate Colloquium 1990-1991, The S&L Crisis: Death and Transfiguration. This paper is a pilot for a study being prepared for the Administrative Conference of the United States on the enforcement powers of the federal banking agencies. The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Conference, its members or its staff.


A State's Response To The United States Tresury Department Proposals To Modernize The Nation's Banking System, Jill M. Considine Jan 1991

A State's Response To The United States Tresury Department Proposals To Modernize The Nation's Banking System, Jill M. Considine

Fordham Law Review

This speech was given by Superintendent Considine as part of the annual Financial Institutions and Regulation Symposium at the Fordham University School of Law.


Too Many Consonants And Not Enough Consonance: The Development Of The S&L Regulatory Framework, Lucia J. Mandarino Jan 1991

Too Many Consonants And Not Enough Consonance: The Development Of The S&L Regulatory Framework, Lucia J. Mandarino

Fordham Law Review

No abstract provided.


Causes Of The Savings And Loan Debacle, Robert J. Laughlin Jan 1991

Causes Of The Savings And Loan Debacle, Robert J. Laughlin

Fordham Law Review

No abstract provided.