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Full-Text Articles in Law

Australia As A Model For Batson Reform, Evan M. Luellen Jan 2024

Australia As A Model For Batson Reform, Evan M. Luellen

Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Guilty Of Probable Cause: Public Arrest Records And Dignity In The Information Age, Nicholas Thompson Jan 2023

Guilty Of Probable Cause: Public Arrest Records And Dignity In The Information Age, Nicholas Thompson

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

The United States is exceptional among Western nations in its treatment of criminal records. Today, an estimated one-third of Americans1 bear the “modern equivalent of branding”: the publicly-accessible criminal record.2 Far from remaining locked in digital limbo, these records serve a variety of purposes, from legitimate law enforcement use to extortion against arrestees seeking to scrub their mugshots from a Google search.3 It would be natural to assume that such records result from an individual’s commission of a crime, for which the individual is duly convicted and then marked with the brand of the state for the transgression. But the …


Inadequate Privacy: The Necessity Of Hipaa Reform In A Post-Dobbs World, Katherine Robertson Jan 2023

Inadequate Privacy: The Necessity Of Hipaa Reform In A Post-Dobbs World, Katherine Robertson

Seattle University Law Review

Part I of this Comment will provide an overview of HIPAA and the legal impacts of Dobbs. Part II will discuss the anticipatory response to the impacts of Dobbs on PHI by addressing the response from (1) the states, (2) the Biden Administration, and (3) the medical field. Part III will discuss the loopholes that exist in HIPAA and further address the potential impacts on individuals and the medical field if reform does not occur. Finally, Part IV will argue that the reform of HIPAA is the best avenue for protecting PHI related to reproductive healthcare.


The U.S. Sentencing Commission’S Recidivism Studies: Myopic, Misleading, And Doubling Down On Imprisonment, Nora V. Demleitner Oct 2020

The U.S. Sentencing Commission’S Recidivism Studies: Myopic, Misleading, And Doubling Down On Imprisonment, Nora V. Demleitner

Scholarly Articles

Recidivism has now replaced rehabilitation as the guiding principle of punishment. It is increasingly used to steer criminal justice policy despite research limitations. It serves as a stand-in for public safety, even though lengthy incarceration may have criminogenic and other negative ramifications for family members and communities. Yet the U.S. Sentencing Commission emphasizes recidivism. It emphasizes what amounts to preemptive imprisonment for those with long criminal records to prevent future offending.

The Commission’s work should come with a warning label. First, its recidivism studies should not be consumed on their own. Instead they must be read in conjunction with U.S. …


Regulatory Abdication In Practice, Cary Coglianese Feb 2020

Regulatory Abdication In Practice, Cary Coglianese

All Faculty Scholarship

“Meta-regulation” refers to deliberate efforts to induce private firms to create their own internal regulations—a regulatory strategy sometimes referred to as “management-based regulation” or even “regulation of self-regulation.” Meta-regulation is often presented as a flexible alternative to traditional “command-and-control” regulation. But does meta-regulation actually work? In her recent book, Meta-Regulation in Practice: Beyond Normative Views of Morality and Rationality, Fiona Simon purports to offer a critique of meta-regulation based on an extended case study of the often-feckless process of electricity regulatory reform undertaken in Australia in the early part of this century. Yet neither Simon’s case study nor her book …


Slides: Scarcity And Bc's Water Future - The Evolution Of Western Water Law?, Oliver M. Brandes Jun 2016

Slides: Scarcity And Bc's Water Future - The Evolution Of Western Water Law?, Oliver M. Brandes

Coping with Water Scarcity in River Basins Worldwide: Lessons Learned from Shared Experiences (Martz Summer Conference, June 9-10)

Oliver M. Brandes, University of Victoria

28 slides


Slides: Crystalised Not Frozen: Addressing Historical Exclusion Of Traditional Owners From Water, Poh-Ling Tan Jun 2016

Slides: Crystalised Not Frozen: Addressing Historical Exclusion Of Traditional Owners From Water, Poh-Ling Tan

Indigenous Water Justice Symposium (June 6)

Poh-Ling Tan, Griffith University

13 slides


The Territorial Principle In Penal Law: An Attempted Justification, Patrick J. Fitzgerald Apr 2016

The Territorial Principle In Penal Law: An Attempted Justification, Patrick J. Fitzgerald

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Experiments In Comparative Corporate Law: The Recent Italian Reform And The Dubious Virtues Of A Market For Rules In The Absence Of Effective Regulatory Competition, Marco Ventoruzzo Mar 2016

Experiments In Comparative Corporate Law: The Recent Italian Reform And The Dubious Virtues Of A Market For Rules In The Absence Of Effective Regulatory Competition, Marco Ventoruzzo

Marco Ventoruzzo

The article addresses a sweeping Reform of corporate law which was enacted by the Italian government in 2003 and came into effect on January 1, 2004. The new statutory regulation significantly increases freedom of contract in corporate law, relying on the idea that the development of an efficient market for rules will allow the "natural selection" of the rules that better suit the need of the different stakeholders. Together - and to some extent to compensate for - this greater freedom of contract, new protections for minority shareholders have also been implemented. The reform also imports into the Italian legal …


The Role Of The Andean Court In Consolidating Regional Integration Efforts, Edwin P. Lochridge May 2015

The Role Of The Andean Court In Consolidating Regional Integration Efforts, Edwin P. Lochridge

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Legacy Of Colonialism: Law And Women's Rights In India, Varsha Chitnis, Danaya C. Wright Nov 2014

The Legacy Of Colonialism: Law And Women's Rights In India, Varsha Chitnis, Danaya C. Wright

Danaya C. Wright

The relationship between nineteenth century England and colonial India was complex in terms of negotiating the different constituencies that claimed an interest in the economic and moral development of the colonies. After India became subject to the sovereignty of the English Monarchy in 1858, its future became indelibly linked with that of England's, yet India's own unique history and culture meant that many of the reforms the colonialists set out to undertake worked out differently than they anticipated. In particular, the colonial ambition of civilizing the barbaric native Indian male underlay many of the legal reforms attempted in the nearly …


The Essential Role Of Courts For Supporting Innovation, Erin O'Hara O'Connor, Christopher R. Drahozal Jun 2014

The Essential Role Of Courts For Supporting Innovation, Erin O'Hara O'Connor, Christopher R. Drahozal

Scholarly Publications

Commercial parties commonly resolve their disputes in arbitration rather than courts. In fact, some estimate that as many as 90 percent of international commercial contracts opt for arbitration of future disputes, and others claim that some industries never resort to courts. However, a study of arbitration clauses in a wide variety of contracts, including franchise agreements, CEO employment contracts, technology contracts, joint venture agreements and consumer cell phone contracts, reveals that parties very often carve out a right to resort to courts for the resolution of claims designed to protect information, innovation, and reputation. Studies of international and cross-border contracts …


Rule Of Law In Morocco: A Journey Towards A Better Judiciary Through The Implementation Of The 2011 Constitutional Reforms, Norman L. Greene Jan 2012

Rule Of Law In Morocco: A Journey Towards A Better Judiciary Through The Implementation Of The 2011 Constitutional Reforms, Norman L. Greene

ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law

Judicial reform has historically been an important (but not the sole) component of rule of law reform, a decades old movement affecting the developing world, emerging (or not so emerging) democracies and post- conflict nations, and equally applicable to countries commonly identified as Western, including the United States.


End-Of-Life Decision-Making In Canada: The Report By The Royal Society Of Canada Expert Panel On End-Of-Life Decision-Making, Udo Schuklenk, Johannes J. M. Van Delden, Jocelyn Downie, Sheila Mclean, Ross Upshur, Daniel Marc Weinstock Jan 2011

End-Of-Life Decision-Making In Canada: The Report By The Royal Society Of Canada Expert Panel On End-Of-Life Decision-Making, Udo Schuklenk, Johannes J. M. Van Delden, Jocelyn Downie, Sheila Mclean, Ross Upshur, Daniel Marc Weinstock

Reports & Public Policy Documents

This report on end-of-life decision-making in Canada was produced by an international expert panel and commissioned by the Royal Society of Canada. It consists of five chapters: Chapter 1 reviews what is known about end-of-life care and opinions about assisted dying in Canada, Chapter 2 reviews the legal status quo in Canada with regard to various forms of assisted death, Chapter 3 reviews ethical issues pertaining to assisted death. The analysis is grounded in core values central to Canada’s constitutional order, Chapter 4 reviews the experiences had in a number of jurisdictions that have decriminalized or recently reviewed assisted dying …


Exporting Legal Education: Lessons Learned From Efforts In Transition Countries, Ronald A. Brand Jan 2010

Exporting Legal Education: Lessons Learned From Efforts In Transition Countries, Ronald A. Brand

Articles

A convergence of inward and outward-looking processes in US law schools creates both risk and potential reward in the development of legal education. As law faculties engage in the current process of changing the traditional law school curriculum, they should carefully coordinate a desire for internal goals with an understanding of external impact, realizing that this process is likely to affect not just US law schools, but legal education across the globe. Changes in the curriculum at US law schools should be responsive, not only to concerns about the legal marketplace in the United States, but also to the impact …


The Legacy Of Colonialism: Law And Women's Rights In India, Varsha Chitnis, Danaya C. Wright Jan 2007

The Legacy Of Colonialism: Law And Women's Rights In India, Varsha Chitnis, Danaya C. Wright

UF Law Faculty Publications

The relationship between nineteenth century England and colonial India was complex in terms of negotiating the different constituencies that claimed an interest in the economic and moral development of the colonies. After India became subject to the sovereignty of the English Monarchy in 1858, its future became indelibly linked with that of England's, yet India's own unique history and culture meant that many of the reforms the colonialists set out to undertake worked out differently than they anticipated. In particular, the colonial ambition of civilizing the barbaric native Indian male underlay many of the legal reforms attempted in the nearly …


U.N. Reform And The International Court Of Justice: Introductory Statement, Ambassador Andrew Jacovides Jan 2006

U.N. Reform And The International Court Of Justice: Introductory Statement, Ambassador Andrew Jacovides

ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law

It is customary during anniversaries to devote some attention to introspection and stock taking. Looking back at my own writings on the subject of U.N. reform (during the fortieth, the fiftieth and now the sixtieth anniversary in 1985, 1995 and this year), I confirmed my long held conviction that the United Nations is indispensable and its Charter, in its basic provisions, has stood the test of time.


Social Welfare Reform: An Analysis Of Germany's Agenda 2010 Labor Market Reforms And The United States' Personal Responsibility And Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (Prwora) Of 1996, Jennifer Allison Dec 2005

Social Welfare Reform: An Analysis Of Germany's Agenda 2010 Labor Market Reforms And The United States' Personal Responsibility And Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (Prwora) Of 1996, Jennifer Allison

Jennifer Allison

This 2006 student comment presents a historical view of the social welfare systems in the United States and Germany. It then explains and analyzes recent large-scale reforms made to each country's social welfare system - the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996 in the United States, which profoundly impacted the availability of welfare benefits to poor Americans, and Germany's Agenda 2010 campaign, which, in accordance with the recommendations of the Hartz Commission, reformed Germany's legislative system of providing benefits to the long-term unemployed.


Preventing Genocide: The Role Of The United Nations, Stanislas Kamanzi Jan 2004

Preventing Genocide: The Role Of The United Nations, Stanislas Kamanzi

ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law

I would like to start with a self explanatory and worthwhile quote from His Late Majesty Haile Selassie which reads as follows: "Throughout History it has been the inaction of those who could have acted, the indifference of those who should have known better, the silence of the voice of justice when it mattered most, that has made it possible for evil to triumph."


Experiments In Comparative Corporate Law: The Recent Italian Reform And The Dubious Virtues Of A Market For Rules In The Absence Of Effective Regulatory Competition, Marco Ventoruzzo Jan 2004

Experiments In Comparative Corporate Law: The Recent Italian Reform And The Dubious Virtues Of A Market For Rules In The Absence Of Effective Regulatory Competition, Marco Ventoruzzo

Journal Articles

The article addresses a sweeping Reform of corporate law which was enacted by the Italian government in 2003 and came into effect on January 1, 2004. The new statutory regulation significantly increases freedom of contract in corporate law, relying on the idea that the development of an efficient market for rules will allow the "natural selection" of the rules that better suit the need of the different stakeholders. Together - and to some extent to compensate for - this greater freedom of contract, new protections for minority shareholders have also been implemented. The reform also imports into the Italian legal …


A Change For The Better: An Inside Look To The Judicial Reform Of The Dominican Republic, Ingrid Suarez Jan 2003

A Change For The Better: An Inside Look To The Judicial Reform Of The Dominican Republic, Ingrid Suarez

ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law

A president above the law. A Legislature that would pass any law, without regard for the impact on its citizens.


Complexity As A Shock Absorder: The Belgian Social Cube, Neal Alan Carter Jan 2002

Complexity As A Shock Absorder: The Belgian Social Cube, Neal Alan Carter

ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law

Throughout its history, Belgium has been a complex political and social entity. The King of the Belgians was told in an official report that 'there are no Belgians.'


Reflections On The Reform Of Antidumping Law A Case Study Of Anti-Dumping Law In The United States, Sung Hwan Kim Jan 2000

Reflections On The Reform Of Antidumping Law A Case Study Of Anti-Dumping Law In The United States, Sung Hwan Kim

LLM Theses and Essays

As of the end of 1997, 29 of the 132 member countries of the WTO had some form of the antidumping regime in operation. Most of the antidumping measures were taken by developed countries, with the United States leading in the number of measures invocated, which lends support to the criticism that the United States has wielded the antidumping law for the purpose of protecting its noncompetitive domestic industry. Attendant to this criticism, and taking the United States antidumping law as a typical model law embodying the Antidumping Agreement, this thesis first looks at the evolution of antidumping law in …


Understanding Prosecutorial Discretion In The United States: The Limits Of Comparative Criminal Procedure As An Instrument Of Reform, William T. Pizzi Jan 1993

Understanding Prosecutorial Discretion In The United States: The Limits Of Comparative Criminal Procedure As An Instrument Of Reform, William T. Pizzi

Publications

No abstract provided.


Clovis Bevilaqua And The Brazilian Civil Code, Anyda Marchant Apr 1945

Clovis Bevilaqua And The Brazilian Civil Code, Anyda Marchant

Michigan Law Review

Clovis Bevilaqua is a monument in the history of Brazilian law. His death on July 26, 1944, closed the door on an epoch. When he began his career in the eighties, Brazilian law, with the exception of the commercial code, was uncoordinated and outmoded. Now. Brazil is in a period of very active work on the recodification of its laws and their adaptation to the needs of modern life. Not all of this change is the work of one man, but Bevilaqua was the principal lingering representative, among the lawyers, of the intellectual movement that accompanied the setting up of …