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Full-Text Articles in Law

Editing Classic Books: A Threat To The Public Domain?, Cathay Y. N. Smith Jan 2024

Editing Classic Books: A Threat To The Public Domain?, Cathay Y. N. Smith

Faculty Law Review Articles

Over the past few years, there has been a growing trend in the publishing industry of hiring sensitivity readers to review books for offensive tropes or racial, gender, or sexual stereotypes. In February 2023, for instance, reports that Puffin Books had edited several classics by Roald Dahl—in consultation with sensitivity readers—generated immediate backlash from the public and several renowned authors and politicians. While most of that backlash focused on accusations of “censorship” and “cancel culture,” this Essay examines an actual legal consequence of revising classic books: the creation of copyrightable derivative works in updated editions. Derivative works are new works …


©Ancelling Dr. Seuss, Cathay Y. N. Smith Jan 2023

©Ancelling Dr. Seuss, Cathay Y. N. Smith

Faculty Journal Articles & Other Writings

Dr. Seuss Enterprises announced in March 2021 that it would no longer license or publish six of its children’s books because those books portrayed people in racist or culturally stereotypical ways. Since then, the public has learned through news reports and social media that other publishers have similarly reviewed and altered their catalogues of classic children’s works, including withdrawing them from the public, editing them to remove problematic content, or adding disclaimers to warn the public about racially insensitive or outdated content. The public reaction to Dr. Seuss’s decision and these other actions has been largely divided. Some criticized these …


The Collateral Effects Of Reproductive Restrictions: Dispensing Methotrexate Violates Arizona, Arkansas, Louisiana, And Missouri's Public Accommondation Laws, Kanta Mendon Jan 2023

The Collateral Effects Of Reproductive Restrictions: Dispensing Methotrexate Violates Arizona, Arkansas, Louisiana, And Missouri's Public Accommondation Laws, Kanta Mendon

American University Journal of Gender, Social Policy & the Law

In 2022, Annie England Noblin routinely went to her local pharmacy to pick up her prescription for Methotrexate, which she used to manage her rheumatoid arthritis. When Noblin attempted to pick up her medication in July 2022, the pharmacist informed her that Walgreens changed its policy regarding Methotrexate after the Supreme Court’s decision to overturn Roe v. Wade led to thirteen states enacting abortion trigger laws.


Regulatory Capture Of Self-Regulatory Organizations (Sros) In Canada: Do Sros Serve Public Or Industry Interests?, Oluwadamilola Adesanya, Western University Sep 2022

Regulatory Capture Of Self-Regulatory Organizations (Sros) In Canada: Do Sros Serve Public Or Industry Interests?, Oluwadamilola Adesanya, Western University

Master of Laws Research Papers Repository

The Canadian securities industry relies heavily on self-regulation, with two self-regulatory organizations (SROs), the Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada (IIROC) and the Mutual Fund Dealers Association of Canada (MFDA) regulating the industry. The former regulates all investment dealers and trading on Canada's debt and equities markets, while the latter governs domestic distributors of mutual funds, except fixed-income products. As expected in an SRO model of regulation, the structure of both IIROC and the MFDA presents a risk that industry members may influence or capture its operations, advancing industry interests at the cost of its public interest mandate.

This Article …


The Empty Promises Of Diversity Mou's: How The Fcc Can Strengthen Commitments To Racial Equity, Jeleesa Omala Apr 2022

The Empty Promises Of Diversity Mou's: How The Fcc Can Strengthen Commitments To Racial Equity, Jeleesa Omala

Journal of Civil Rights and Economic Development

(Excerpt)

African Americans have been systematically disenfranchised from nearly all sectors of American society since the country’s founding. As such, African Americans do not just perceive the problem of racial discrimination as a matter of personal prejudice but also a matter of survival. Without access to fundamental resources like higher education, healthcare, and economic opportunity, the quality of Black life decreases astronomically. The nation begins to equate being Black with being “less than,” and continues to disinvest in Black populations, which signals to Black people that their lives do not matter.

Nevertheless, determined Black entrepreneurs continue to fight to expand …


Help Was Not On The Way: Intellectual Property Liability Relief In A Pandemic Era, Kim Vu-Dinh Jan 2022

Help Was Not On The Way: Intellectual Property Liability Relief In A Pandemic Era, Kim Vu-Dinh

Faculty Scholarship

On January 21, 2020, the United States recorded its first case of COVID-19. By April of that same year, numerous hospitals across the nation had exhausted entire reserves of personal protective equipment (PPE), with looming uncertainty as to when they would be replenished. As infection numbers increased exponentially, global demand for some types of PPE increased by 1000%.

Volunteers across the nation assembled teams of makers—some professionals, but also scores of amateurs—to craft the critical equipment needed to slow down the onslaught of the pandemic. From creating cloth masks to ventilator pistons, nonprofits and everyday citizens were able to partially …


Reverse Vesting Orders – Developing Principles And Guardrails To Inform Judicial Decisions, Janis P. Sarra Jan 2022

Reverse Vesting Orders – Developing Principles And Guardrails To Inform Judicial Decisions, Janis P. Sarra

All Faculty Publications

Reverse vesting orders (RVO) are a new tool being used by insolvency practitioners in Canada’s Companies’ Creditors Arrangement Act (CCAA) and other insolvency proceedings, where the debtor is not required to propose a restructuring plan and creditors are not permitted a vote on the going-forward strategy. The article starts from the premise that the court has authority to approve an RVO pursuant to sections 11 and 36 of the CCAA and the court’s general authority under the statute. However, it suggests that there must be exceptional circumstances for the court to be persuaded to bypass provisions of insolvency legislation aimed …


A Proportionality-Based Framework For Government Regulation Of Digital Tracing Apps In Times Of Emergency, Sharon Bassan Jan 2022

A Proportionality-Based Framework For Government Regulation Of Digital Tracing Apps In Times Of Emergency, Sharon Bassan

Dickinson Law Review (2017-Present)

Times of emergency present an inherent conflict between the public interest and the preservation of individual rights. Such times require granting emergency powers to the government on behalf of the public interest and relaxing safeguards against government actions that infringe rights. The lack of theoretical framework to assess governmental decisions in times of emergency leads to a polarized and politicized discourse about potential policies, and often, to public distrust and lack of compliance.

Such a discourse was evident regarding Digital Tracing Apps (“DTAs”), which are apps installed on cellular phones to alert users that they were exposed to people who …


Public Interests And Their Contemporary Applications On The Family Mar 2021

Public Interests And Their Contemporary Applications On The Family

UAEU Law Journal

This manuscript consists of an introduction, two sections and a conclusion. The first section was devoted to the definition, conditions, and reality of public interests. The following conclusions were reached.

1- A public interest was defined as an issue that was not defined or identified in the legal sources, or one which was neither approved nor rejected by legal texts.

2- Adopting public interests must be controlled by a number of conditions:

a) The public interest should be reasonable by itself. It has nothing to do with the ritual acts.

b) It should not contradict any source of legislation.

c) …


The Role Of The Waqf In The Preservation Of Basic Tents Of Islamic Sharia Mar 2021

The Role Of The Waqf In The Preservation Of Basic Tents Of Islamic Sharia

UAEU Law Journal

The aim of this study (The Islamic Endowment and its roles in keeping the goals of Islam) is to highlight the meaning and importance of endowment in Islamic sharia, as it is a recommended act. This study is divided into six topics and a conclusion. The first topic focuses on the definition of the endowment, its kinds, and its ruling. The second topic focuses on the roles of the endowment in maintaining the religion, by giving the meaning of Islam, its importance, and how it treats Muslims and non-Muslims. The third topic focuses on the role of Islamic endowment in …


Competency Assessment Of Public Employee In Kuwaiti Civil Service Law., Turki S. Al-Mutairi Mar 2021

Competency Assessment Of Public Employee In Kuwaiti Civil Service Law., Turki S. Al-Mutairi

UAEU Law Journal

The system of competency assessment has a special importance in public employment because it is one of the tools that are used to assess the capability of the employees and their ability to satisfy their public duties, as well as their roles to achieve the goals of the administrative department in managing the public facility and attaining the public interest.

The system of competency assessment seeks to achieve many objectives, the most important of which are: the advancement of the service that the public facility is providing, the improvement of the programs and methods of appointing employees and their training; …


Constitutional Law—The Powers Of State Attorneys General To Determine Public Interest, J. Dillon Pitts Mar 2021

Constitutional Law—The Powers Of State Attorneys General To Determine Public Interest, J. Dillon Pitts

University of Arkansas at Little Rock Law Review

No abstract provided.


Disposition Of Frozen Preembryos In The Case Of Divorce: New York Should Implement A Modified Mutual Contemporaneous Consent Approach, Kasey Bray Jan 2021

Disposition Of Frozen Preembryos In The Case Of Divorce: New York Should Implement A Modified Mutual Contemporaneous Consent Approach, Kasey Bray

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Non-Lawyer Attorney General- Problems And Solutions, Andrew Flavelle Martin Jan 2021

The Non-Lawyer Attorney General- Problems And Solutions, Andrew Flavelle Martin

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

In this article, I provide a legal and policy analysis of the non-lawyer Attorney General and recommendations for legislative change. I begin in Part 1 by setting out and assessing Askin and its uptake in the case law and literature. I demonstrate that while the decision in Askin has two major weaknesses, the reasoning is presumably applicable across the country.7 In Part 2, I examine the legal consequences of Askin and its policy or practical consequences. I argue that it threatens the government’s solicitor-client privilege and that it leaves the non-lawyer Attorney General unconstrained by the law of lawyering more …


Intellectual Property Through A Non-Western Lens: Patents In Islamic Law, Tabrez Y. Ebrahim Jan 2021

Intellectual Property Through A Non-Western Lens: Patents In Islamic Law, Tabrez Y. Ebrahim

Faculty Scholarship

The intersection of secular, Western intellectual property law and Islamic law is undertheorized in legal scholarship. Yet the nascent and developing non-Western law of one form of intellectual property—patents—in Islamic legal systems is profoundly important for transformational innovation and economic development initiatives of Muslim-majority countries that comprise nearly one-fifth of the world’s population.


Recent scholarship highlights the tensions of intellectual property in Islamic law because religious considerations in an Islamic society do not fully align with Western notions of patents. As Islamic legal systems have begun to embrace patents in recent decades, theories of patents have presented conceptual and theological …


Interagency Merger Review In Labor Markets, Hiba Hafiz Sep 2020

Interagency Merger Review In Labor Markets, Hiba Hafiz

Chicago-Kent Law Review

No abstract provided.


Restoring The Public Interest In Western Water Law, Mark Squillace Jul 2020

Restoring The Public Interest In Western Water Law, Mark Squillace

Utah Law Review

American Western states and virtually every country and state with positive water resources law are in perfect agreement about the wisdom of treating their water resources as public property. Not surprisingly, this has led most Western states to articulate a goal of managing these resources in the public interest. But the meaning of the term “public interest,” especially in the context of water resources management, is far from clear. This Article strives to bring clarity to that issue. It begins by exploring three theoretical approaches that might be used for defining the public interest in water resources law before urging …


The Emerging Legal Architecture For Social Justice, Luz E. Herrera, Louise G. Trubek Jul 2020

The Emerging Legal Architecture For Social Justice, Luz E. Herrera, Louise G. Trubek

Faculty Scholarship

Lawyers advocating for social change are now front and center in newspapers and social media. This article discusses how a new breed of progressive lawyers envision social justice law practice today. These “critical lawyers” are diverse in background, gender, ethnicity and race. They see law as a complex, contradictory tool rather than a necessary and sufficient route to justice. Their practices differ from the traditional non-profit public interest firms of the earlier generation that assumed justice would result if law and lawyers were accessible. To highlight the differences, the article discusses the law practices of Beyond Legal Aid, Law for …


Copyright Reform: Imagining More Balanced Copyright Laws, Michelle M. Wu Jun 2020

Copyright Reform: Imagining More Balanced Copyright Laws, Michelle M. Wu

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Earlier chapters of this book provide a history of copyright and libraries in the United States, a review of outdated language in the existing copyright code, and a discussion of actions by both copyright owners and the public to rebalance copyright outside of legislation. This chapter simply imagines what copyright could be if we disregard the known political and legal obstacles. It starts with no constraints, which one might argue is both impractical and foolish. Why spend time discussing what could be when treaties, self-interest, and powerful industry lobbies stand in the way?

The answer is simply that environments can …


The Third Wave Of Electrification: A Normative Tool Against Climate Change​, Elizabeth L. Adams Jun 2020

The Third Wave Of Electrification: A Normative Tool Against Climate Change​, Elizabeth L. Adams

Notre Dame Journal on Emerging Technologies

This article posits that the United States is now entering a third wave of electrification, one where we understand electricity not only as a universal service, but also as a mechanism for positive societal outcomes, namely the transition to a lower carbon future.

Part I evaluates the first two waves of electrification, starting with the introduction of electricity as a consumer product and transitioning to electrification as a basic right. Part II discusses the American regulatory framework which provides for government oversight of areas deemed to be “of the public interest.” Electric public utilities have participated in and been shaped …


A Section-By-Section Analysis Of Maine's Freedom Of Access Act, Anne C. Lucey Apr 2020

A Section-By-Section Analysis Of Maine's Freedom Of Access Act, Anne C. Lucey

Maine Law Review

There seems to be no absolute freedom of information. Even President Lyndon B. Johnson's declaration made on July 4, 1966, as he signed the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) into law, indicates the limitations accompanying most right-to-know laws from their inception. A delicate balance must be struck between the public's access to public business and the public interest, between the public's access and a person's right to privacy, and, at the federal level, between the public's access and national security. Maine also crafted a limited freedom of information law, the Freedom of Access Act ("FOAA" or "the Act"), seven years …


Regulatory Abdication In Practice, Cary Coglianese Feb 2020

Regulatory Abdication In Practice, Cary Coglianese

All Faculty Scholarship

“Meta-regulation” refers to deliberate efforts to induce private firms to create their own internal regulations—a regulatory strategy sometimes referred to as “management-based regulation” or even “regulation of self-regulation.” Meta-regulation is often presented as a flexible alternative to traditional “command-and-control” regulation. But does meta-regulation actually work? In her recent book, Meta-Regulation in Practice: Beyond Normative Views of Morality and Rationality, Fiona Simon purports to offer a critique of meta-regulation based on an extended case study of the often-feckless process of electricity regulatory reform undertaken in Australia in the early part of this century. Yet neither Simon’s case study nor her book …


How Actions Affirm: Reflections On The Question Of Affirmative Action, Doron Menashe Jan 2020

How Actions Affirm: Reflections On The Question Of Affirmative Action, Doron Menashe

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Reinvigorating The Human Right To Technology, Haochen Sun Jan 2020

Reinvigorating The Human Right To Technology, Haochen Sun

Michigan Journal of International Law

The right to technology is a forgotten human right. Dating back to 1948, the right was established by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (“UDHR”) in response to the massive destruction wrought by technologically advanced weapons in the Second World War. This human right embodies one of the most profound lessons the framers of the UDHR learned from this war: Technology must benefit humanity rather than harm it.

It has been more than seventy years since the adoption of the UDHR, and technology has advanced at a rapid pace and become more important than ever in our daily lives. Yet …


Restoring The Public Interest In Western Water Law, Mark Squillace Jan 2020

Restoring The Public Interest In Western Water Law, Mark Squillace

Publications

American Western states and virtually every country and state with positive water resources law are in perfect agreement about the wisdom of treating their water resources as public property. Not surprisingly, this has led most Western states to articulate a goal of managing these resources in the public interest. But the meaning of the term “public interest,” especially in the context of water resources management, is far from clear. This Article strives to bring clarity to that issue. It begins by exploring three theoretical approaches that might be used for defining the public interest in water resources law before urging …


States Empowering Plaintiff Cities, Eli Savit Apr 2019

States Empowering Plaintiff Cities, Eli Savit

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Across the country, cities are becoming major players in plaintiff’s-side litigation. With increasing frequency, cities, counties, and other municipalities are filing lawsuits to vindicate the public interest. Cities’ aggressive use of lawsuits, however, has been met with some skepticism from both scholars and states. At times, states have taken action—both legislative and via litigation—to preempt city-initiated suits.

This Article contends that states should welcome city-initiated public-interest lawsuits. Such litigation, this Article demonstrates, vindicates the principles of local control that cities exist to facilitate. What is more, a motivated plaintiff city can accomplish public-policy goals that are important not just to …


The Necessity, Public Interest, And Proportionality In International Investment Law: A Comparative Analysis, Abdulkadir Gülçür Jan 2019

The Necessity, Public Interest, And Proportionality In International Investment Law: A Comparative Analysis, Abdulkadir Gülçür

University of Baltimore Journal of International Law

This article deals with relations of the three concepts of international investment law which can be enumerated as “necessity,” “public interest,” and “proportionality.” These three concepts have been reviewed in the light of the relevant investment tribunals’ decisions and judgments of other international judicial bodies. In democratic governments, legal acts and actions must be based on the “public interest.” However, the “public interest” does not constitute by itself a determinative factor for lawfulness. The proportionality principle has a significant role in the investment arbitrations concerning whether the “public interest” aim is met. Albeit those inferences, the “public interest” claim is …


Trial By Water: Reflections On Superstorm Sandy, Thomas Maligno, Benjamin Rajotte Jan 2019

Trial By Water: Reflections On Superstorm Sandy, Thomas Maligno, Benjamin Rajotte

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Nomination And Confirmation Of Supreme Court Justices: Some Personal Observations, Joseph L. Rauth Jr. May 2018

Nomination And Confirmation Of Supreme Court Justices: Some Personal Observations, Joseph L. Rauth Jr.

Maine Law Review

The following remarks were delivered on October 13, 1992, on the occasion of the first Frank M. Coffin Lecture on Law and Public Service, henceforth to be an annual event at the University of Maine School of Law. The speech was written by the late Joseph L. Rauh, Jr., who died a few weeks before the speech was to be given. The speech was presented by his widow, Olie Rauh, and their son, Michael Rauh.


Multiculturalism And The Bill Of Rights, Arthur Schlesinger Jr. Apr 2018

Multiculturalism And The Bill Of Rights, Arthur Schlesinger Jr.

Maine Law Review

The Second Annual Frank M. Coffin Lecture on Law and Public Service was held on October 7, 1993. Professor Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. presented "Multiculturalism and the Bill of Rights."