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An Essential Element Of Fair Trade And Sustainable Development In The Ftaa Is An Enforceable Social Clause, Terry Collingsworth Jan 2001

An Essential Element Of Fair Trade And Sustainable Development In The Ftaa Is An Enforceable Social Clause, Terry Collingsworth

Richmond Journal of Global Law & Business

Multinational companies (“MNCs”) and governments that are fantasizing about a Free Trade Area of the Americas (“FTAA”) should accept the reality that the FTAA is not politically viable for the time being unless the issues of labor rights and other social conditions are addressed in a manner demonstrating that these rights are consistent with commercial rights that are protected in careful detail in many pages of the draft FTAA agreement.


Human Rights International Ngos: A Critical Evaluation, Makau Wa Mutua Jan 2001

Human Rights International Ngos: A Critical Evaluation, Makau Wa Mutua

Contributions to Books

Published as Chapter 7 in NGOs and Human Rights: Promise and Performance, Claude E. Welch, Jr., ed.

The Human rights movement can be seen in a variety of guises. It can be seen as a movement for international justice or as a cultural project for “civilizing savage” cultures. In this chapter, I discuss a part of that movement as a crusade for a political project. International nongovernmental human rights organizations (INGOs), the small and elite collection of human rights groups based in the most powerful cultural and political capitals of the West, have arguably been the most influential component of …


Recent Trends And Perspectives For Non-State Actor Participation In World Trade Organization Disputes, Ernesto A. Hernandez-Lopez Dec 2000

Recent Trends And Perspectives For Non-State Actor Participation In World Trade Organization Disputes, Ernesto A. Hernandez-Lopez

Ernesto A. Hernandez

Recent trends in World Trade Organization (WTO) disputes show non-state actors play an increasingly significant role in the resolution of disputes between WTO Members. First, the Appellate Body has interpreted the Right to Seek Information in Article XIII of the Dispute Settlement Understanding (DSU) as permitting non-state actors, particularly non-governmental organizations, to submit amicus curiae briefs in WTO disputes. Second, non-governmental legal counsel has played active roles in recent disputes. Third, private counsel to business interests have played an indirect role in dispute settlement, by assisting in formulation of legal strategy in WTO disputes.

Because the WTO is reviewing the …