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Full-Text Articles in Law

Border Fixation: The Appearance Of Security And Control In Immigration Reform, Katherine L. Vaughns Oct 2012

Border Fixation: The Appearance Of Security And Control In Immigration Reform, Katherine L. Vaughns

Katherine L. Vaughns

Immigration reform is the subject of intense discussion among politicians, policy experts, analysts, and advocacy groups alike; America’s never-ending debate which today has been infected with shameless demagoguery, rendering sound policy choices virtually impossible. And in this political cauldron, the appearance of border security and control through symbolism and political rhetoric substitute for the practical realities that are essential to inform policymakers about the appropriate administration and enforcement of U.S. immigration laws. For Congress has had an ongoing, unsound focus on sealing the border it shares with Mexico, its southwestern neighbor, seemingly without regard to costs especially in the post-9/11 …


Syringe Confiscation As An Hiv Risk Factor: The Public Health Implications Of Arbitrary Policing In Tijuana And Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, Leo Beletsky, Remedios M. Lozada, Tommi Gaines, Daniela Abramovitz, Hugo Staines, Alicia Vera, Gudelia Rangel, Steffanie Strathdee, Jaime Arredondo Jul 2012

Syringe Confiscation As An Hiv Risk Factor: The Public Health Implications Of Arbitrary Policing In Tijuana And Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, Leo Beletsky, Remedios M. Lozada, Tommi Gaines, Daniela Abramovitz, Hugo Staines, Alicia Vera, Gudelia Rangel, Steffanie Strathdee, Jaime Arredondo

Leo Beletsky

Female sex workers who inject drugs (FSW-IDUs) face elevated risk for HIV/STIs and constitute a key population for public health prevention. Through direct and indirect pathways including human rights violations, policing practices like syringe confiscation can compound FSW-IDU health risk and facilitate the spread of disease. We studied correlates of experiencing syringe confiscation among FSW-IDUs in northern Mexico, where formal policy allows for syringes to be available over-the-counter without a prescription, but police practices are often at odds with the law. FSW-IDUs reporting recent syringe sharing and unprotected sex with clients in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez were administered surveys and …


La Transparencia En La Protección De Datos Personales, Bruno L. Costantini García May 2012

La Transparencia En La Protección De Datos Personales, Bruno L. Costantini García

Bruno L. Costantini García

La Transparencia en la Protección de Datos Personales, ponencia elaborada dentro de los trabajos del VII Congreso Nacional de Organismos Públicos Autónomos (OPAM)


Mexican Experience In Screens For Bid-Rigging, Carlos Mena-Labarthe Mar 2012

Mexican Experience In Screens For Bid-Rigging, Carlos Mena-Labarthe

Carlos Mena-Labarthe

In this brief piece I try to demonstrate how the use of empirical methods commonly known as screens could be useful both in detection of cartels and/or the prioritization of cases using a Mexican case.


Inconstitucionalidad Del Cobro Del Impuesto Sobre La Renta Sobre Jubilaciones, Pensiones Y Haberes De Retiro, Guillermo Castorena Feb 2012

Inconstitucionalidad Del Cobro Del Impuesto Sobre La Renta Sobre Jubilaciones, Pensiones Y Haberes De Retiro, Guillermo Castorena

Guillermo Castorena

Argumentos de inconstitucionalidad del precepto. - La LISR no grava el ingreso por pensiones y por ende artículo el 109 fracción III es inconstitucional al no existir el objeto del gravamen. - Violación al artículo 5º de la Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos (CPEUM) pues al ser las pensiones, jubilaciones y haberes de retiro producto del trabajo, la retención realizada con fundamento en el artículo 109 fracción III, constituye una doble tributación. - Violación a los artículos 123 y 127 de la CPEUM, que señalan que el salario será gravable, pero no así la pensión. - Violación a …


Poverty, Wealth And Inequality Through The Lens Of Globalization: Lessons From The United States And Mexico, Lucy A. Williams Jan 2012

Poverty, Wealth And Inequality Through The Lens Of Globalization: Lessons From The United States And Mexico, Lucy A. Williams

Lucy A. Williams

This article seeks to expand the U.S. domestic poverty discourse to incorporate cross-border connections of social welfare policy, low-wage work, immigration and international economic organization. The author looks at the U.S. and Mexico as an example in which these multiple legal discourses can be analyzed. First, I explore the long-standing labor and immigration ties between the two countries, and the creation of a false dichotomy within the U.S. of those in wage work and single parent families receiving social assistance benefits. I then focus on recent changes in U.S. social welfare policy toward single mothers, many of whom are in …


Gang And Cartel Violence: A Reason To Grant Political Asylum From Mexico And Central America, Jillian Blake Jan 2012

Gang And Cartel Violence: A Reason To Grant Political Asylum From Mexico And Central America, Jillian Blake

Jillian Blake

This Essay argues that the United States should view the migrants fleeing violence in Mexico and Central America as refugees. This Essay will describe the nature of the threat from gangs and cartels, present the major arguments for granting gang-based asylum under international refugee law, and describe how the U.S. courts and government have interpreted those arguments. The final section of this Essay will offer an interpretation of refugee law that both bridges the gap between traditional interpretations of the Refugee Convention and also addresses a pressing need to adapt its original meaning to present-day conflicts in Latin America. This …


El Tribunal De Los Militantes: El Control Judicial De Los Conflictos Intrapartidistas En México, Javier Martín Reyes Jan 2012

El Tribunal De Los Militantes: El Control Judicial De Los Conflictos Intrapartidistas En México, Javier Martín Reyes

Javier Martín Reyes

The Party Members’ Court: Judicial Control over Intraparty Disputes in Mexico.

This paper explains how the Electoral Court of the Federal Judicial Branch (TEPJF) of Mexico, without a supporting legislation, was able to establish a direct and far reaching control over intraparty disputes such as the election of party leaders, the selection of candidates, or the punishment of party members. Following a strategic behavior approach, I will provide empirical evidence to prove that there was a negative correlation between the level of judicial control over the parties’ internal life, on the one hand, and the vulnerability of the TEPJF from …


De Jueces, Militantes Y Dirigencias Partidistas. Un Panorama Cuantitativo Del Control Jurisdiccional De Los Conflictos Intrapartidistas En México (1996-2006), Javier Martín Reyes Jan 2012

De Jueces, Militantes Y Dirigencias Partidistas. Un Panorama Cuantitativo Del Control Jurisdiccional De Los Conflictos Intrapartidistas En México (1996-2006), Javier Martín Reyes

Javier Martín Reyes

Of Judges, Militants, and Bosses: A Quantitative Overview of the Judicial Review of Intraparty Disputes in Mexico (1996-2006) Aunque diversos trabajos han estudiado el origen y evolución del control jurisdiccional de la vida interna de los partidos políticos por parte del Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación (TEPJF), lo cierto es que los estudios cuantitativos son prácticamente inexistentes. Hace falta, incluso, la información más indispensable para aproximarse empíricamente al fenómeno: el número y tipo de conflictos intrapartidistas que se han presentado a lo largo del tiempo; su distribución geográfica y por partido político; la forma en que se …


México, Su Constitución Y El Arbitraje Internacional: Un Desarrollo Bicentenario, James A. Graham Jan 2012

México, Su Constitución Y El Arbitraje Internacional: Un Desarrollo Bicentenario, James A. Graham

James A. Graham

En la Montaña Mágica de Mann, Settembrini defiende el arbitraje como el medio idóneo para resolver las disputas internacionales, enfatizando que hay un ius divinum (hoy diríamos una lex mercatoria) que transciende los derechos positivos y permite resolver las controversias más allá de los diversos derechos nacionales. A lo cual, le responde Naphta, que no es posible dejar a tribunales “bourgeois” decidir sobre lo justo como si fueron dioses, o como hubiera dicho Rigaux, “des dieux et des héros”. Tal antagonismo resume la historia del arbitraje en los dos últimos siglos en México. Considerado al inicio de su independencia, como …


Is An International Treaty Needed To Fight Corruption And The Narco-Insurgency In Mexico?, Stuart S. Yeh Jan 2012

Is An International Treaty Needed To Fight Corruption And The Narco-Insurgency In Mexico?, Stuart S. Yeh

Stuart S Yeh

Mexican government corruption prevents effective law enforcement against drug traffickers and the violence associated with drug trafficking. This article reviews the nature and scope of government corruption, including a first-hand account by a Mexican state police commander, then suggests how and why an international treaty establishing United Nation (UN) inspectors who are empowered to investigate corruption at all levels of government could be effective in deterring corruption and restoring the rule of law in the U.S.–Mexico border region. The article suggests that the Rome Statute provides a model for establishing this type of treaty and a precedent for all of …