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Mexico

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Full-Text Articles in Law

State Practice In The Management And Allocation Of Transboundary Groundwater Resources In North America, Gabriel Eckstein, Amy Hardberger Oct 2018

State Practice In The Management And Allocation Of Transboundary Groundwater Resources In North America, Gabriel Eckstein, Amy Hardberger

Gabriel Eckstein

Throughout the world, international and state political boundaries divide groundwater resources into politically convenient jurisdictions. Subsurface water, however, does not recognize such borders and flows freely without regard to overlying politics. This disregard for the political dimension, coupled with the growing global importance of fresh water, has the potential for aggravating disputes and conflicts over the use, allocation, and preservation of such resources. To date, widely accepted norms of international law applicable to transboundary aquifers have yet to emerge. However, local and regional agreements, including both formal and unofficial arrangements, suggest the emergence of state practice that should be considered …


The Fine Print Of The Mexican Energy Reform, Guillermo J. Garcia Sanchez Aug 2018

The Fine Print Of The Mexican Energy Reform, Guillermo J. Garcia Sanchez

Guillermo J. Garcia Sanchez

Five years ago, when Mexico transformed its energy sector, most commentators were worried about the government’s capacity to implement the reform. What would the upstream contracts look like? Would the auctions be transparent? How would international companies react? After two successful auction rounds, 107 signed contracts, and the creation of viable regulatory agencies to manage and monitor the reform agenda, the questions have changed. Today, Mexico’s capacity to implement energy reforms and attract foreign investment is no longer in doubt. Today, the most pressing questions about the reform concern its long-term sustainability. Can it survive the Mexican electoral cycles? Will …


Mexico's Energy Reform And The 2012 U.S.-Mexico Transboundary Agreement. An Opportunity For Efficient, Effective And Safe Exploitation Of The Gulf Of Mexico, Guillermo J. Garcia Sanchez Aug 2018

Mexico's Energy Reform And The 2012 U.S.-Mexico Transboundary Agreement. An Opportunity For Efficient, Effective And Safe Exploitation Of The Gulf Of Mexico, Guillermo J. Garcia Sanchez

Guillermo J. Garcia Sanchez

Nature knows no legal boundaries. Resources cannot be stopped by walls with barbwire; no matter how high some people want to build them. They cross- national territories and expand under their logic. They belong to many nations, and they are there for the responsible exploitation of their communities. The Gulf of Mexico (Gulf) and its rich hydrocarbon deposits are no exceptions. The implication of this is that for the development of this enclosed sea area to be efficient, effective, and safe it requires not only the cooperation of government officials but also the inclusion of other actors, such as academic …


Assessment And Comparison Of Aviation Manufacturing Industries Throughout Mexico And Brazil, Omar E. Morsi, Kelly A. Whealan-George, Aaron D. Clevenger Aug 2018

Assessment And Comparison Of Aviation Manufacturing Industries Throughout Mexico And Brazil, Omar E. Morsi, Kelly A. Whealan-George, Aaron D. Clevenger

Aaron D. Clevenger

This literature review serves to provide insight and understanding in regards to the evolving aviation manufacturing industry throughout the globe and more specifically, Mexico and Brazil. Increased demand for aircraft units both in the commercial and private sectors have led to unprecedented expansions in aircraft manufacturing across the industry. In order to illuminate certain potentials and current growth levels of such industries, this review will delve into an array of information and specifications in regards to economic, political, and cultural influences throughout both Mexican and Brazilian markets respectively. In conclusion, the review will identify the transformation of an aviation manufacturing …


Marbury In Mexico: Judicial Review’S Precocious Southern Migration, M C. Mirow Feb 2016

Marbury In Mexico: Judicial Review’S Precocious Southern Migration, M C. Mirow

M. C. Mirow

In attempting to construct United States-style judicial review for the Mexican Supreme Court in the 1880s, Ignacio Vallarta, president of the court, read Marbury in a way that preceded this use of the case in the United States. Using this surprising fact as a central example, this article makes several important contributions to the field of comparative constitutional law. The work demonstrates that through constitutional migration, novel readings of constitutional sources can arise in foreign fora. In an era when the United States Supreme Court may be accused of parochialism in its constitutional analysis, the article addresses the current controversy …


Contemporary Issues In Water Resources: U.S. Mexico Water, Food And Energy Nexus, Gina Warren Jul 2015

Contemporary Issues In Water Resources: U.S. Mexico Water, Food And Energy Nexus, Gina Warren

Gina Warren

No abstract provided.


Buried Treasure Or Buried Hope? The Status Of Mexico-U.S. Transboundary Aquifers Under International Law, Gabriel E. Eckstein Jul 2015

Buried Treasure Or Buried Hope? The Status Of Mexico-U.S. Transboundary Aquifers Under International Law, Gabriel E. Eckstein

Gabriel Eckstein

Transboundary aquifers found along the 2,000 mile-long border between Mexico and the United States are not governed by any treaty. Yet, these aquifers are the primary source of water for many of the twelve million people who live in this parched region. The region’s groundwater, however, is being over-exploited and contaminated, which is threatening the very life that it currently sustains. As populations continue to expand and current rates of haphazard development persist, the absence of an agreement for the management and allocation of this critical resource could lead to bi-national economic, social and environmental tragedies. This study reviews groundwater …


Rethinking Transboundary Ground Water Resources Management: A Local Approach Along The Mexico-U.S. Border, Gabriel E. Eckstein Jul 2015

Rethinking Transboundary Ground Water Resources Management: A Local Approach Along The Mexico-U.S. Border, Gabriel E. Eckstein

Gabriel Eckstein

Despite more than forty years of promises to the contrary, neither Mexico nor the United States have shown any inclination to pursue a border-wide pact to coordinate management of the border region’s transboundary ground water resources. As a result, these critical resources – which serve as the sole or primary source of fresh water for most border communities on both sides – are being overexploited and polluted, leaving the local population with little recourse. Imminently unsustainable, the situation portends a grim future for the region. In the absence of national governmental interests and involvement on either side of the frontier, …


“Ya Me Canse”: How The Iguala Mass Kidnapping Demonstrates Mexico’S Continued Failure To Adhere To Its International Human Rights Obligations, Justin A. Behravesh Mar 2015

“Ya Me Canse”: How The Iguala Mass Kidnapping Demonstrates Mexico’S Continued Failure To Adhere To Its International Human Rights Obligations, Justin A. Behravesh

Justin A. Behravesh

This article addresses the recent kidnapping and disappearance of forty-three college students from Iguala, Mexico (the “Iguala Mass Kidnapping”), under the lens of the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (the “Convention”). While Mexico’s reporting documents on its compliance with the Convention paint a positive picture of how that country is adhering to Convention, any notion that the country was in compliance with the Convention was completely shattered through the Iguala Mass Kidnapping. The article concludes that the actions of state officials during the Iguala Mass Kidnapping violated articles one, six, and twenty-three of the …


La República Laica Y Sus Libertades. Las Reformas A Los Artículos 24 Y 40 Constitucionales, Javier Martín Reyes, Pedro Salazar Ugarte, Paulina Barrera Rosales, Vladimir Chorny Elizalde, Ana Gaitán Uribe, María De Guadalupe Salmorán Villar Mar 2015

La República Laica Y Sus Libertades. Las Reformas A Los Artículos 24 Y 40 Constitucionales, Javier Martín Reyes, Pedro Salazar Ugarte, Paulina Barrera Rosales, Vladimir Chorny Elizalde, Ana Gaitán Uribe, María De Guadalupe Salmorán Villar

Javier Martín Reyes

The Secular Republic and its Freedoms: Constitutional Amendments to Articles 24 and 40.


Desarrollo Humano, Economía Y Democracia En Guanajuato, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte (Coordinador) Dec 2014

Desarrollo Humano, Economía Y Democracia En Guanajuato, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte (Coordinador)

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Dada la relevancia que el trabajo en equipo ha adquirido en la ciencia contemporánea, el estudio de la realidad social en el estado es de gran importancia para comprender los distintos aspectos relacionados con la actividad pública. Guanajuato como su Universidad ha experimentado cambios, acelerados en algunos sectores sobre todo en la economía, de manera lenta en otros, como por ejemplo en el ámbito social y político. Como otras comunidades, los cambios son producto de la combinación de inercias e influencias externas y de elementos endógenos. ¿Cómo identificar esos cambios?; ¿De qué manera valorarlos y evaluarlos?; ¿Cuáles han sido y …


Current Administration Of U.S. Antidumping And Countervailing Duty Laws: Implications For Prospective U.S.-Mexico Free Trade Talks, Stephen J. Powell, Craig R. Giesse, Craig L. Jackson Dec 2014

Current Administration Of U.S. Antidumping And Countervailing Duty Laws: Implications For Prospective U.S.-Mexico Free Trade Talks, Stephen J. Powell, Craig R. Giesse, Craig L. Jackson

Stephen Joseph Powell

This Article discusses the current administration of the U.S. antidumping and countervailing duty laws in proceedings involving products from Mexico. Specifically, this Article begins by providing an overview of the basic statutory and regulatory provisions of the U.S. antidumping duty law, emphasizing the application of certain provisions in cases involving imports from Mexico. The Article then focuses its discussion upon recent developments in the U.S. countervailing duty law that have had a unique effect upon Mexican exporters. The Article continues by highlighting the antidumping and countervailing duty provisions of the recently concluded U.S.-Canada Free Trade Agreement (the "FTA" or "Agreement"). …


Daños Punitivos En Mexico. Renacimiento De La Responsabilidad Civil, Jorge E. De Hoyos Walther Aug 2014

Daños Punitivos En Mexico. Renacimiento De La Responsabilidad Civil, Jorge E. De Hoyos Walther

Jorge E De Hoyos Walther

La Suprema Corte de Justicia reconoce la existencia de los daños punitivos en México. Esta resolución tendrá un impacto importante en las demandas por responsabilidad civil y en los litigios transfronterizos.


Remaking Mexico: Law Reform As Foreign Policy, Deborah M. Weissman Apr 2014

Remaking Mexico: Law Reform As Foreign Policy, Deborah M. Weissman

Deborah M. Weissman

This article, Remaking Mexico: Law Reform as Foreign Policy examines the practice of promoting rule of law programs abroad as a matter of a foreign policy subgenre. It argues that U.S. law reform projects as foreign aid conditionalities preempt the political discourse from substantive debates about justice systems. The arguments are developed through an assessment of the Mérida Initiative (also known as Plan México) which is a product of U.S. policy efforts to shape the legal systems of select foreign countries. The article reviews the circumstances in Mexico as they relate to U.S. efforts to export law and legal systems. …


Avoiding The Subject: The Opium War, Opium-Markets, And The Exclusion Of Chinese Laborers In The United States, Canada, And Mexico, Olivia L. Blessing Dec 2013

Avoiding The Subject: The Opium War, Opium-Markets, And The Exclusion Of Chinese Laborers In The United States, Canada, And Mexico, Olivia L. Blessing

Olivia L Blessing

The 19th century saw significant increases in the number of Chinese immigrants entering North America, most significantly on the west coast of the United States. Already facing increasing divide amongst the American population over the issue of the Opium Wars and the resulting Opium-addiction amongst the Chinese, the United States found itself now confronting the problem in the form of immigrant workers. Although the Opium Wars and the issue of the Chinese Opium Dens were highly disputed outside the courts, the State and Federal courts surprisingly avoided discussing the topic in their legislative discussions surrounding the Chinese Exclusion Act of …


The Case For Mexican Asylum Seekers Fleeing Cartel Violence, Perry B. Nava Apr 2013

The Case For Mexican Asylum Seekers Fleeing Cartel Violence, Perry B. Nava

Perry B Nava

The number of Mexican immigrants filing for asylum in the United States is on the rise as cartel violence affects more people each year. The perceived increase in cartel-related, violent crime is displacing people similar to how a war forces displaced refugees out of a country; but the United States is not accepting a great majority of the applications for asylum. This paper explores the more broadly applicable law that protects persecuted people; some of the issues that have simultaneously contributed to increased migration to the United States and aggressive expansion by the drug cartels; the result of the application …


Mexico's Gun Control Laws: A Model For The United States?, David B. Kopel Jan 2013

Mexico's Gun Control Laws: A Model For The United States?, David B. Kopel

David B Kopel

This article explicates Mexico’s constitutional right to arms and Mexico’s main gun-control statute, the Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives (Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos). Along the way, the article notes various proposals to move U.S. gun laws in a Mexican direction.

Part II of this article is an English translation of the Mexican constitution’s guarantee of the right to arms, as well as predecessor versions of the guarantee.

Part III explains the operation of Mexico’s gun-control system and provides some historical and statistical information about gun ownership and gun smuggling in Mexico.

Part IV describes some …


Oportunidades Para Las Empresas Dentro De La Omc, Rodolfo C. Rivas Rea Esq. Dec 2012

Oportunidades Para Las Empresas Dentro De La Omc, Rodolfo C. Rivas Rea Esq.

Rodolfo C. Rivas

The author provides a brief overview of the World Trade Organization (WTO), the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB) by explaining the context of their interrelationship. Afterwards, the author delves into a brief analysis of Mexico’s role in the International Trade arena and concludes by describing the paths through which the private sector can benefit from the WTO.///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////El autor pone en contexto la interrelación entre la Organización Mundial del Comercio (OMC) el Banco Mundial (BM) y el Fondo Monetario Internacional (FMI). Posteriormente, el autor describe brevemente el rol de México dentro de las instituciones de Comercio Internacional …


Border Fixation: The Appearance Of Security And Control In Immigration Reform, Katherine L. Vaughns Oct 2012

Border Fixation: The Appearance Of Security And Control In Immigration Reform, Katherine L. Vaughns

Katherine L. Vaughns

Immigration reform is the subject of intense discussion among politicians, policy experts, analysts, and advocacy groups alike; America’s never-ending debate which today has been infected with shameless demagoguery, rendering sound policy choices virtually impossible. And in this political cauldron, the appearance of border security and control through symbolism and political rhetoric substitute for the practical realities that are essential to inform policymakers about the appropriate administration and enforcement of U.S. immigration laws. For Congress has had an ongoing, unsound focus on sealing the border it shares with Mexico, its southwestern neighbor, seemingly without regard to costs especially in the post-9/11 …


Syringe Confiscation As An Hiv Risk Factor: The Public Health Implications Of Arbitrary Policing In Tijuana And Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, Leo Beletsky, Remedios M. Lozada, Tommi Gaines, Daniela Abramovitz, Hugo Staines, Alicia Vera, Gudelia Rangel, Steffanie Strathdee, Jaime Arredondo Jul 2012

Syringe Confiscation As An Hiv Risk Factor: The Public Health Implications Of Arbitrary Policing In Tijuana And Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, Leo Beletsky, Remedios M. Lozada, Tommi Gaines, Daniela Abramovitz, Hugo Staines, Alicia Vera, Gudelia Rangel, Steffanie Strathdee, Jaime Arredondo

Leo Beletsky

Female sex workers who inject drugs (FSW-IDUs) face elevated risk for HIV/STIs and constitute a key population for public health prevention. Through direct and indirect pathways including human rights violations, policing practices like syringe confiscation can compound FSW-IDU health risk and facilitate the spread of disease. We studied correlates of experiencing syringe confiscation among FSW-IDUs in northern Mexico, where formal policy allows for syringes to be available over-the-counter without a prescription, but police practices are often at odds with the law. FSW-IDUs reporting recent syringe sharing and unprotected sex with clients in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez were administered surveys and …


La Transparencia En La Protección De Datos Personales, Bruno L. Costantini García May 2012

La Transparencia En La Protección De Datos Personales, Bruno L. Costantini García

Bruno L. Costantini García

La Transparencia en la Protección de Datos Personales, ponencia elaborada dentro de los trabajos del VII Congreso Nacional de Organismos Públicos Autónomos (OPAM)


Mexican Experience In Screens For Bid-Rigging, Carlos Mena-Labarthe Mar 2012

Mexican Experience In Screens For Bid-Rigging, Carlos Mena-Labarthe

Carlos Mena-Labarthe

In this brief piece I try to demonstrate how the use of empirical methods commonly known as screens could be useful both in detection of cartels and/or the prioritization of cases using a Mexican case.


Inconstitucionalidad Del Cobro Del Impuesto Sobre La Renta Sobre Jubilaciones, Pensiones Y Haberes De Retiro, Guillermo Castorena Feb 2012

Inconstitucionalidad Del Cobro Del Impuesto Sobre La Renta Sobre Jubilaciones, Pensiones Y Haberes De Retiro, Guillermo Castorena

Guillermo Castorena

Argumentos de inconstitucionalidad del precepto. - La LISR no grava el ingreso por pensiones y por ende artículo el 109 fracción III es inconstitucional al no existir el objeto del gravamen. - Violación al artículo 5º de la Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos (CPEUM) pues al ser las pensiones, jubilaciones y haberes de retiro producto del trabajo, la retención realizada con fundamento en el artículo 109 fracción III, constituye una doble tributación. - Violación a los artículos 123 y 127 de la CPEUM, que señalan que el salario será gravable, pero no así la pensión. - Violación a …


Poverty, Wealth And Inequality Through The Lens Of Globalization: Lessons From The United States And Mexico, Lucy A. Williams Jan 2012

Poverty, Wealth And Inequality Through The Lens Of Globalization: Lessons From The United States And Mexico, Lucy A. Williams

Lucy A. Williams

This article seeks to expand the U.S. domestic poverty discourse to incorporate cross-border connections of social welfare policy, low-wage work, immigration and international economic organization. The author looks at the U.S. and Mexico as an example in which these multiple legal discourses can be analyzed. First, I explore the long-standing labor and immigration ties between the two countries, and the creation of a false dichotomy within the U.S. of those in wage work and single parent families receiving social assistance benefits. I then focus on recent changes in U.S. social welfare policy toward single mothers, many of whom are in …


Gang And Cartel Violence: A Reason To Grant Political Asylum From Mexico And Central America, Jillian Blake Jan 2012

Gang And Cartel Violence: A Reason To Grant Political Asylum From Mexico And Central America, Jillian Blake

Jillian Blake

This Essay argues that the United States should view the migrants fleeing violence in Mexico and Central America as refugees. This Essay will describe the nature of the threat from gangs and cartels, present the major arguments for granting gang-based asylum under international refugee law, and describe how the U.S. courts and government have interpreted those arguments. The final section of this Essay will offer an interpretation of refugee law that both bridges the gap between traditional interpretations of the Refugee Convention and also addresses a pressing need to adapt its original meaning to present-day conflicts in Latin America. This …


El Tribunal De Los Militantes: El Control Judicial De Los Conflictos Intrapartidistas En México, Javier Martín Reyes Jan 2012

El Tribunal De Los Militantes: El Control Judicial De Los Conflictos Intrapartidistas En México, Javier Martín Reyes

Javier Martín Reyes

The Party Members’ Court: Judicial Control over Intraparty Disputes in Mexico.

This paper explains how the Electoral Court of the Federal Judicial Branch (TEPJF) of Mexico, without a supporting legislation, was able to establish a direct and far reaching control over intraparty disputes such as the election of party leaders, the selection of candidates, or the punishment of party members. Following a strategic behavior approach, I will provide empirical evidence to prove that there was a negative correlation between the level of judicial control over the parties’ internal life, on the one hand, and the vulnerability of the TEPJF from …


De Jueces, Militantes Y Dirigencias Partidistas. Un Panorama Cuantitativo Del Control Jurisdiccional De Los Conflictos Intrapartidistas En México (1996-2006), Javier Martín Reyes Jan 2012

De Jueces, Militantes Y Dirigencias Partidistas. Un Panorama Cuantitativo Del Control Jurisdiccional De Los Conflictos Intrapartidistas En México (1996-2006), Javier Martín Reyes

Javier Martín Reyes

Of Judges, Militants, and Bosses: A Quantitative Overview of the Judicial Review of Intraparty Disputes in Mexico (1996-2006) Aunque diversos trabajos han estudiado el origen y evolución del control jurisdiccional de la vida interna de los partidos políticos por parte del Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación (TEPJF), lo cierto es que los estudios cuantitativos son prácticamente inexistentes. Hace falta, incluso, la información más indispensable para aproximarse empíricamente al fenómeno: el número y tipo de conflictos intrapartidistas que se han presentado a lo largo del tiempo; su distribución geográfica y por partido político; la forma en que se …


México, Su Constitución Y El Arbitraje Internacional: Un Desarrollo Bicentenario, James A. Graham Jan 2012

México, Su Constitución Y El Arbitraje Internacional: Un Desarrollo Bicentenario, James A. Graham

James A. Graham

En la Montaña Mágica de Mann, Settembrini defiende el arbitraje como el medio idóneo para resolver las disputas internacionales, enfatizando que hay un ius divinum (hoy diríamos una lex mercatoria) que transciende los derechos positivos y permite resolver las controversias más allá de los diversos derechos nacionales. A lo cual, le responde Naphta, que no es posible dejar a tribunales “bourgeois” decidir sobre lo justo como si fueron dioses, o como hubiera dicho Rigaux, “des dieux et des héros”. Tal antagonismo resume la historia del arbitraje en los dos últimos siglos en México. Considerado al inicio de su independencia, como …


Is An International Treaty Needed To Fight Corruption And The Narco-Insurgency In Mexico?, Stuart S. Yeh Jan 2012

Is An International Treaty Needed To Fight Corruption And The Narco-Insurgency In Mexico?, Stuart S. Yeh

Stuart S Yeh

Mexican government corruption prevents effective law enforcement against drug traffickers and the violence associated with drug trafficking. This article reviews the nature and scope of government corruption, including a first-hand account by a Mexican state police commander, then suggests how and why an international treaty establishing United Nation (UN) inspectors who are empowered to investigate corruption at all levels of government could be effective in deterring corruption and restoring the rule of law in the U.S.–Mexico border region. The article suggests that the Rome Statute provides a model for establishing this type of treaty and a precedent for all of …


Margin Squeeze In Mexican Mobile Telecommunications, Víctor Pavón-Villamayor Aug 2011

Margin Squeeze In Mexican Mobile Telecommunications, Víctor Pavón-Villamayor

Víctor Pavón-Villamayor

No abstract provided.