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Medical Ethics

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Articles 1 - 18 of 18

Full-Text Articles in Law

Stealing Organs?, Benjamin Mcmichael Jan 2022

Stealing Organs?, Benjamin Mcmichael

Indiana Law Journal

Every nine minutes, a new person joins a waitlist for an organ transplant, and every day, seventeen people die waiting for an organ that will never come. Because the need for organ transplants far outstrips the number of available organs, the policies and rules governing organ allocation in the United States are critically important and highly contentious. Recently, proponents of a new allocation system—one focused more on sharing organs across the nation instead of allocating organs primarily to local transplant candidates—have gained ground. Bolstered by two separate lawsuits in the past five years, advocates of greater national sharing have succeeded …


Judges As Superheroes: The Danger Of Confusing Constitutional Decisions With Cosmic Battles, H. Jefferson Powell Jul 2021

Judges As Superheroes: The Danger Of Confusing Constitutional Decisions With Cosmic Battles, H. Jefferson Powell

South Carolina Law Review

No abstract provided.


Preventing The Preventable: A Review Of Maternal Mortality Rates In South Carolina, Sydney J. Douglas Jul 2021

Preventing The Preventable: A Review Of Maternal Mortality Rates In South Carolina, Sydney J. Douglas

South Carolina Law Review

No abstract provided.


Professional Medical Judgment And Pharmaceutical Marketing: Drawing Legal And Ethical Lines Around Conflict Of Interest, Steven R. Salbu Feb 2021

Professional Medical Judgment And Pharmaceutical Marketing: Drawing Legal And Ethical Lines Around Conflict Of Interest, Steven R. Salbu

William & Mary Business Law Review

Pharmaceutical manufacturers develop relationships with healthcare providers for several purposes, including the marketing and sale of their products. Professional associations give guidance to physicians and companies for managing these relationships ethically. Some practices permitted by these associations entail conflicts of interest. This Article explores two of these practices: (i) company funding of external educational seminars, conferences, and continuing medical education; and (ii) company-hosted speaker programs. The conflict of interest concerns raised by the former practice are manageable, and the practice should continue to be permitted subject to appropriate safeguards; however, the conflict of interest concerns raised by the latter practice …


Legalization Of Physician-Assisted Suicide For Increased Patient Autonomy, Morgan Mcenroe Oct 2018

Legalization Of Physician-Assisted Suicide For Increased Patient Autonomy, Morgan Mcenroe

Religion: Student Scholarship & Creative Works

This essay features an assessment of the various factors which play into the argument for legalization of physician-assisted suicide (PAS) in the United States for increased patient autonomy. Arguments for legalization of PAS as a means of end-of-life care remain separate from voluntary euthanasia. National legalization of PAS, for this fundamental principle of hospice care, is necessary to allow a choice to those in their final stages of life of how they wish to leave. If the values of PAS advocates are maximization of autonomy and minimization of suffering, then it follows that the chronically depressed, as well as patients …


Is Surrogacy Ethically Problematic?, Leslie P. Francis Jan 2017

Is Surrogacy Ethically Problematic?, Leslie P. Francis

Utah Law Faculty Scholarship

This chapter takes up less well-trodden questions about whether a surrogacy arrangement in which one person carries a pregnancy for another is ethically problematic in itself—and if so, why. Pregnancy and delivery are quintessential bodily labor. One set of arguments tests whether carrying a pregnancy is the type of bodily labor one person ethically may perform for another, whether or not for pay. These arguments contend that surrogacy cannot be a permissible service, no matter how well intended or structured. Another set of questions probes the value and identity of the child, asking whether surrogacy is inevitably akin to baby …


Editor, "Health Care Law And The Rights Of Individuals With Disabilities", Elizabeth Pendo Jan 2017

Editor, "Health Care Law And The Rights Of Individuals With Disabilities", Elizabeth Pendo

All Faculty Scholarship

People with disabilities are vulnerable. They carry high risk for poor health and health outcomes. As a group, they experience social disadvantages such as poverty, underemployment and unemployment, isolation, and discrimination at a higher rate than the general population. They also face multiple barriers to quality health care and report poorer health status than people without disabilities. This Special Issue will explore the key health disparities and barriers to health care experienced by people with disabilities, and explore the legal, ethical, and social issues they raise. It will investigate the legal requirements of the Americans with Disabilities and other antidiscrimination …


Everything You Wanted To Know About Breast Augmentation Surgery But Were Afraid To Ask: A Medical - Legal Overview, Samuel D. Hodge, Marshall G. Miles, James B. Pancio Jan 2016

Everything You Wanted To Know About Breast Augmentation Surgery But Were Afraid To Ask: A Medical - Legal Overview, Samuel D. Hodge, Marshall G. Miles, James B. Pancio

Florida A & M University Law Review

This article will provide a medical/legal perspective to breast augmentation surgery. Written by an attorney who teaches anatomy and a plastic surgeon who routinely performs the procedure, it will initially offer a medical analysis of how the procedure is performed along with its attendant risks. The second part will focus on the court cases and legal theories that have arisen when things go wrong. The article will explain the convoluted litigation history involving breast augmentation when suits were common place and a group of experts linked breast implants to the development of autoimmune disease without any real scientific basis to …


First, Do No Harm: Response To “If You Prick Me”, Patricia A. Broussard Jan 2011

First, Do No Harm: Response To “If You Prick Me”, Patricia A. Broussard

Journal Publications

Brianna Lennon makes several cogent and persuasive arguments about Female Genital Mutilation (“FGM”) in her recently published Student Note entitled, If You Prick Me: The American Academy of Pediatrics’ Female Genital Cutting Policy Turnabout. She successfully articulates why she believes that by prohibiting FGM, opponents are in effect reinforcing it as a tie to the former culture or country. However, although Ms. Lennon makes some sound points, she overlooks and thereby, fails to answer the most obvious question which is, who owns a woman’s body? If one reaches the conclusion that a woman owns her body, then the logical extension …


Medical Conscience And The Policing Of Parenthood, Richard F. Storrow Feb 2010

Medical Conscience And The Policing Of Parenthood, Richard F. Storrow

William & Mary Journal of Race, Gender, and Social Justice

As state and local anti-discrimination provisions become more and more comprehensive, physicians who refuse to treat patients for reasons of sexual orientation or marital status are beginning to face legal liability. Increasingly, physicians are invoking codes of medical ethics alongside more familiar constitutional law claims in support of their claim to insulation from legal liability. This Article explores what medical ethics has to say about physicians who, for sincerely held religious reasons, refuse to treat patients for reasons of sexual orientation or marital status. The issue is explored through the lens of a case recently decided by the California Supreme …


Who's Minding The Shop? The Role Of Canadian Research Ethics Boards In The Creation And Uses Of Registries And Biobanks, Elaine Gibson, Kevin Brazil, Michael Coughlin, Claudia Emerson, François Fournier, Lisa Schwartz, Karen Szala-Meneok, Karen Weisbaum, Donald Willison Jan 2008

Who's Minding The Shop? The Role Of Canadian Research Ethics Boards In The Creation And Uses Of Registries And Biobanks, Elaine Gibson, Kevin Brazil, Michael Coughlin, Claudia Emerson, François Fournier, Lisa Schwartz, Karen Szala-Meneok, Karen Weisbaum, Donald Willison

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

Background: The amount of research utilizing health information has increased dramatically over the last ten years. Many institutions have extensive biobank holdings collected over a number of years for clinical and teaching purposes, but are uncertain as to the proper circumstances in which to permit research uses of these samples. Research Ethics Boards (REBs) in Canada and elsewhere in the world are grappling with these issues, but lack clear guidance regarding their role in the creation of and access to registries and biobanks.

Methods: Chairs of 34 REBS and/or REB Administrators affiliated with Faculties of Medicine in Canadian universities were …


Response - Jay Katz: From Harms To Risks, Larry I. Palmer Jul 2006

Response - Jay Katz: From Harms To Risks, Larry I. Palmer

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Uwomj Volume 66, No 2, Summer 1997, Western University Jan 1997

Uwomj Volume 66, No 2, Summer 1997, Western University

University of Western Ontario Medical Journal

An interdisciplinary medical science publication, established in 1930.


Medical Law And Ethics In The Post-Autonomy Age, Roger B. Dworkin Jul 1993

Medical Law And Ethics In The Post-Autonomy Age, Roger B. Dworkin

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Patient-Physician Relationship In An Era Of Scarce Resources: Is There A Duty To Treat?, Maxwell J. Mehlman Jan 1993

The Patient-Physician Relationship In An Era Of Scarce Resources: Is There A Duty To Treat?, Maxwell J. Mehlman

Faculty Publications

This Article examines the three major areas of common law that govern the patient-physician relationship: contract law, tort law, and fiduciary law. It explores the definition of the patient-physician relationship within each doctrine and the extent to which physicians must furnish care to patients regardless of resource constraints. After concluding that the common law cannot ensure that individual patients receive access to needed health care services, the Article explores how the law might be changed to achieve this result.


Research With Human Subjects As A Paradigm In Teaching, Larry I. Palmer Oct 1988

Research With Human Subjects As A Paradigm In Teaching, Larry I. Palmer

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Review Of Selective Nontreatment Of Handicapped Newborns By Robert Weir, Sharon Beckman Jan 1985

Review Of Selective Nontreatment Of Handicapped Newborns By Robert Weir, Sharon Beckman

Sharon Beckman

No abstract provided.


Book Review Of Genetics, Ethics, And The Law, Larry I. Palmer Jan 1983

Book Review Of Genetics, Ethics, And The Law, Larry I. Palmer

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.