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The Concept Of The Devarāja In Leadership At The Royal Palace Of Yogyakarta, Ghilman Assilmi Jan 2024

The Concept Of The Devarāja In Leadership At The Royal Palace Of Yogyakarta, Ghilman Assilmi

International Review of Humanities Studies

The Yogyakarta Palace is one of the Islamic sultanates that still exists in Indonesia. Even though the Yogyakarta Palace has an Islamic style and has been influenced by modernization which has penetrated aspects of state and society, the embodiment of the God-King concept from ancient Hindu eras remains embedded in the power of the king, state life, and the obedience of the surrounding community to the palace system. This paper has a problem regarding how to apply the concept of politics and power in the Yogyakarta Palace. A historical approach is used to reveal the meaning of the palace in …


Law, Society, And Religion: Islam And The West, Paolo Davide Farah Jan 2024

Law, Society, And Religion: Islam And The West, Paolo Davide Farah

Book Chapters

Law and religion are present in almost every society, where the predominance of one over the other can greatly vary, and, in some cases, they both contend for authority over the citizenry. From a historical standpoint, this resulted in a constant change in the relationship between law and religion. Globalization also had a role in this regard. In some instances, globalization exacerbates differences between religions instead of encouraging mediation; it seeks to fill the gap left by the diminishing role of religion in the West. Globalization also competes with religion; both are looking for ways to regulate conduct and push …


Protecting Islam's Garden From The Wilderness: Halal Fraud Statutes And The First Amendment, Elijah L. Milne Jan 2023

Protecting Islam's Garden From The Wilderness: Halal Fraud Statutes And The First Amendment, Elijah L. Milne

Journal of Food Law & Policy

Like all religions, Islam needs protection from governmental encroachment. As early as 1644, Roger Williams, the founder of Rhode Island, recognized that state involvement in religious matters defiles religion. "When they have opened a gap in the hedge or wall of separation between the garden of [religion] and the wilderness of the world," wrote Williams, "God hath ever broke down the wall itself, removed the candlestick, and made His garden a wilderness ... ." Although Williams was mostly concerned about the government's impact on Christianity, his oft-quoted metaphor applies equally to the government's influence on Islam. This Article will discuss …


Islamic Republic: An Oxymoron From A Sharia-Based Religion To A Fiqh-Based Cult, Homayoon Rafatijo Jan 2023

Islamic Republic: An Oxymoron From A Sharia-Based Religion To A Fiqh-Based Cult, Homayoon Rafatijo

Mitchell Hamline Law Review

No abstract provided.


Understanding An American Paradox: An Overview Of The Racial Muslim: When Racism Quashes Religious Freedom, Spearit Jan 2023

Understanding An American Paradox: An Overview Of The Racial Muslim: When Racism Quashes Religious Freedom, Spearit

Articles

In The Racial Muslim: When Racism Quashes Religious Freedom, Sahar Aziz unveils a mechanism that perpetuates the persecution of religion. While the book’s title suggests a problem that engulfs Muslims, it is not a new problem, but instead a recurring theme in American history. Aziz constructs a model that demonstrates how racialization of a religious group imposes racial characteristics on that group, imbuing it with racial stereotypes that effectively treat the group as a racial rather than religious group deserving of religious liberty.

In identifying a racialization process that effectively veils religious discrimination, Aziz’s book points to several important …


Global Issues In A Globalized World: The Unescapable Dialogue Between SharīʿA And The Constitution, Paolo Davide Farah Jan 2023

Global Issues In A Globalized World: The Unescapable Dialogue Between SharīʿA And The Constitution, Paolo Davide Farah

Book Chapters

In an increasingly globalized world, a world in flux, which is constantly subject to rapid circulation of information, change is a dimension that we all experience in our lives with ever increasing frequency. Change, be it that of customs and fashion or that of laws and systems of government, is something which now seems impossible to escape. Change is an integral part of our unstable contemporaneity.

This is not only a continuous change but also a rapid one. In such a social and political environment, at a global and local level, it is more and more difficult to find a …


Muslim Prisoner Litigation: An Unsung American Tradition (Introduction), Spearit Jan 2023

Muslim Prisoner Litigation: An Unsung American Tradition (Introduction), Spearit

Book Chapters

For most Americans, “prison jihad” may sound frightening and conjure images of religious militants, bearded, turbaned, and under the spell of foreign radical networks…. While this may be the immediate impression, there is nothing like that happening in American prisons. However, there has been a different type of jihad taking place, one that is real and identifiable. This is not the sensational jihad of headline media; rather, this jihad is uneventful and quiet by comparison and has persisted since the 1960s with hardly any public notice.

Despite little attention and recognition, Muslims in prison occupy a unique spot in the …


Judging From Above: French Feminists & Their Influence On The Veil Debate, Emma Caroline Delapré Oct 2022

Judging From Above: French Feminists & Their Influence On The Veil Debate, Emma Caroline Delapré

Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union

Over the past two decades, the international community has found itself questioning France’s application of laïcité and the egalitarianism it supposedly ensures, particularly regarding veils associated with the Islamic faith. Integral to the face veil debate is the advocacy of French feminists, especially those who identify as pro-ban. Overarchingly, pro-ban feminists argue that the practice of wearing face veils or coverings undermines a French citizen’s obligation to foster cohesion in the public sphere through the acceptance of republican norms. This viewpoint informs the analysis of the state of social division in France undertaken here. The tools of analysis include a …


Racecraft And Identity In The Emergence Of Islam As A Race, Cyra Akila Choudhury Oct 2022

Racecraft And Identity In The Emergence Of Islam As A Race, Cyra Akila Choudhury

University of Cincinnati Law Review

Can a religion, over time and through its social and legal resignification, come to be a race? Drawing on Critical Race Theory (“CRT”), Critical Discourse Theory, the work of Karen E. and Barbara J. Fields and Cedric Robinson, this article argues that Islam has emerged as a race and Muslims as a racial group. To support the claim, Part I examines the theoretical basis for the argument. Applying the concept of “racecraft,” the article theorizes that racism produces both the racial group and race. As many have already argued, race is not based in biology; it is not a fact …


Natural Law And Universal Human Rights, David F. Forte Jan 2022

Natural Law And Universal Human Rights, David F. Forte

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

Abdullahi An-Na'im has set his life's quest on attempting to find a way that Muslim society can be attuned to the moral commands of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, a Western creation. At present, the Shari'a and the Declaration are in obvious tension, if not conflict, in areas such as freedom of religion and the rights of women. An-Na'im finds that the Shari 'a is a creation of man derived in history from an interpretation of Islamic sources. Muslims today can legitimately develop their own interpretation relying on the root sources of Islam, but only so long as those …


“Meyoru-Т-Tadoyyun” As Religious And Moral Source, Naimov Ismat Aug 2021

“Meyoru-Т-Tadoyyun” As Religious And Moral Source, Naimov Ismat

The Light of Islam

In the second half of the 19th century, marked by intensive scientific researches, the educator and encyclopedist Ahmad Donish left behind a rich scientific legacy, particularly his work Me’yoru-t-tadoyun, which to this day remains poorly studied. Even though the name of this work is known to the scientific community, few people are still familiar with its content. The article analyzes the religious and moral factors that caused the creation of the work Me’yoru-t-tadoyun, the recommendations of Ahmad Donish regarding the coverage of the history of world religions, and the rights of representatives of different religions to consider their beliefs as …


Rights And Duties Of Old People In Islam An Illustration Of The Security/ Insurance Systems In Saudi Arabia Mar 2021

Rights And Duties Of Old People In Islam An Illustration Of The Security/ Insurance Systems In Saudi Arabia

UAEU Law Journal

Islam has forereached the west in establishing the rights and duties of old people. This principle is considered, from an Islamic point of view, a means of devotion and worship to God that would achieve security of Muslims in their life and help them acquire god's contentment in the afterlife. Islam jurisprudence is based on bringing about utility and forcing out tribulations. The present study deals with the rights and duties of old people in Islam as stipulated in the Holy Quran and Sunnah. According to these two sources, old people are allowed to get involved in the retirement, social …


The Progeny Entailment, Prof. Mohammad Alzuhaili Mar 2021

The Progeny Entailment, Prof. Mohammad Alzuhaili

UAEU Law Journal

The Entailment (assigning a fixed asset for charity) is a donation for the sake of Allah. The benefit of this entailment will be distributed on those individuals upon whom the entailment (Waqf) is designated. This act (Waqf) is one of the charitable deeds in Islam. It also represents one of the Islamic social solidarities. Entailment (Waqf) is a preferable act in Islam.

There are two types of entailment: One as a donation designated for the needy and the general public interest and the other designated for the progeny of the donor or the progeny …


Title: Secularism Between Theorem And Application Mar 2021

Title: Secularism Between Theorem And Application

UAEU Law Journal

The great wisdom of God declares that Islam is the culmination of all religions and that his prophet and messenger Mohamed has been chosen for this religion. God saved the Quraan (which is suitable for all time and all generations) enduring forever from any changes by the characteristic of its fundamentals and basis of this religion.

The adversaries of Islam knew that the power of this religion stems from its sources which are Quraan and Sonah, and they have been trying to convert Muslims and change the Islamic laws to suit the Western laws. Their intention is to destroy the …


Human Rights In Religions A Comparative Study Between Islam, Hinduism, And Magian Religion, Hamdi A. Al Sharqawi Mar 2021

Human Rights In Religions A Comparative Study Between Islam, Hinduism, And Magian Religion, Hamdi A. Al Sharqawi

UAEU Law Journal

Human Rights are an essential part of the cultural patterns of Human Societies. The issue has a dialectical relationship with social behaviors and political practices that expresses itself in ideas and thoughts, which imposes itself on politicians and political thinkers especially in Western Civilization as we see it in Medieval and contemporary history of the West. Today it has become the issue that engages the arena of our Contemporary Politics and Thought. It is not suprising to see our thinkers and political leaders engaged in discussing it in all its dimensions.

Since Religion is an important constituent of human culture …


Conflict Resolution From An Islamic Perspective: From Conflict Resolution To Diversity Management, Moh'd Naim Yassien, Eman Yassien Feb 2021

Conflict Resolution From An Islamic Perspective: From Conflict Resolution To Diversity Management, Moh'd Naim Yassien, Eman Yassien

UAEU Law Journal

The paper discusses conflict resolution and management concepts provided earlier in literature. Then, using Islamic concepts and Guidance provided by the Quran, the paper shifts the perspective of conflict into a new dimension, considering diversity as the main root for our model. Diversity can be managed well to create synergy(Good outcome), or, if not managed properly, would drive to conflict which the author considers as the bad outcome of diversity , that is why the Quran regards conflict as the cause of failure. Finally, the paper introduces a new model for conflict management process based on Islamic concepts and the …


Islam And Democracy: Appreciating The Nuance And Complexity Of Legal Systems With A Basis In Religion, Massimo Campanini, Mohamed Arafa Jan 2021

Islam And Democracy: Appreciating The Nuance And Complexity Of Legal Systems With A Basis In Religion, Massimo Campanini, Mohamed Arafa

Barry Law Review

No abstract provided.


9/11 Impacts On Muslims In Prison, Spearit Jan 2021

9/11 Impacts On Muslims In Prison, Spearit

Articles

This essay is part of a volume that reflects on the 20-year anniversary of the attacks of September 11, 2001. The work examines the impacts this event had on the management of Muslims in prison. Soon after the attacks, the culture war against Muslims in the United States began to seep into prisons, where Muslims faced heightened levels of Islamophobia, which cut across several areas of existence: the ability to access religious literature, religious leaders, and paraphernalia, in addition to the federal creation of Communication Management Units. There was also heightened hysteria about the idea of Muslim radicalization in prison, …


Arbitration (Tahkim) And Reconciliation (Sulh) In Islam As Alternative Dispute Resolution Mechanisms, Saidilyos Khakimov Dec 2020

Arbitration (Tahkim) And Reconciliation (Sulh) In Islam As Alternative Dispute Resolution Mechanisms, Saidilyos Khakimov

The Light of Islam

The main reason behind this work is to illustrate the current need for Islamic alternative dispute resolution methods and offer analysis to show the benefts of their applications. There has been a vivid rise in ADRs’ recognition globally as a substitute for litigation and related issues that would be better if addressed with an Islamic perspective. The wide usage of the term has been intensifed uninterruptedly after the second half of the 20th century. This paper intends to introduce a 1,5-centuryyear-old background of legally institutionalized arbitration
(Tahkim) and reconciliation (Sulh), Islamic means or ways of alternative dispute resolution. I will …


Muslims’ Religious Freedom And Religiosity: Measurement And Impact, Hannah M. Ridge Nov 2020

Muslims’ Religious Freedom And Religiosity: Measurement And Impact, Hannah M. Ridge

Political Science Faculty Books and Book Chapters

Multiple measures of religious freedom and states’ regulation of religion are at work in sociology of religion. These scales apply one score to a country or to a subset of its policies. A uniform state score conceals the internal religious diversity and the heterogeneous experiences of religious freedom that can result. These, in turn, encourage ecological fallacies and mask the disparate impact that religious freedom for one’s own community and for other groups can have on individuals’ preferences and decisions. To demonstrate the value of measuring and studying religious freedom at the individual level, this study applies individual-level assessments of …


State Regulation Of Religion: The Effect Of Religious Freedom On Muslims' Religiosity, Hannah M. Ridge Oct 2020

State Regulation Of Religion: The Effect Of Religious Freedom On Muslims' Religiosity, Hannah M. Ridge

Political Science Faculty Articles and Research

Substantial scholarship argues that regulation of religion suppresses religiosity in a community by reducing individuals’ satisfaction with their religious experience. To date this research has assumed that regulations are enforced on and affect religious communities uniformly. It has also focused heavily on Western Christian populations and aggregated national data. We suggest that state regulation of religious communities and behaviours impacts citizens differently based on their affiliation. Using individual-level assessments of freedom and religiosity from Muslim-majority countries, we show that, at the individual level, restricting freedom suppresses religious belief and behaviour. Restrictions on religious minorities, however, can increase religiosity. As such, …


Organizational Culture: An Islamic Perspective, Muath Eleswed Ph.D. Jun 2020

Organizational Culture: An Islamic Perspective, Muath Eleswed Ph.D.

AAU Journal of Business and Law مجلة جامعة العين للأعمال والقانون

This paper discusses the concept of organizational culture from Western and Islamic perspective. Building on the teaching of Islam, an Islamic Organizational Culture Model was introduced. As fundamentals, the model included sixteen Islamic cultural values. These values include Tawhid, Unity of Purpose, Belief in the Hereafter, Reward and Punishment, Independece, Responsibility and Accountability, Participation, Justice, Dignity, Respect, and Privacy, Trust, Dialouge, Cost efficiency, Time efficiency, Caring and Sharing, Mercy towards Humans, Animals, and the Environment, Eagerness to Learn, and Collectiveness. The paper reveals the outcomes of implementing the model and their significance.


From The Ulama To The Legislature: Hermeneutics & Morocco’S Family Code, Rachel Olick-Gibson Apr 2020

From The Ulama To The Legislature: Hermeneutics & Morocco’S Family Code, Rachel Olick-Gibson

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This study examines the role that Islamic law has played thus far in reforming the Moroccan Family Code, also known as the Moudawana. When King Mohammed VI reformed this law in 2004, Morocco received immediate international praise for its liberal strides towards gender equality. Through this study I investigated the hermeneutical tools and methods of ijtihad employed both by the drafters of the Moudawana and by activists leading up to the 2004 reforms. I then investigate impediments to the implementation of this Code in providing substantive legal rights to Moroccan women and the role that interpretation of Islamic law plays …


Islam, Democracy, And The Leadership Role Of Women In Government, Leea Collard Apr 2020

Islam, Democracy, And The Leadership Role Of Women In Government, Leea Collard

Senior Honors Theses

This thesis examines the relationship between Islam, democratic government, and the governmental leadership of women in the Middle East, North Africa, and Turkey (MENAT). In order to understand female leadership in this region, the compatibility between Islam and democracy is analyzed. This occurs through the examination of Sharia Law and democratic principles within Islam. Furthermore, a statistical analysis of the successes of democracies in the region will be presented. Each nation will be categorized by the constitutional provisions entrusted to its female citizens. Thus, this thesis will present the legality of the political participation of women in each of the …


Nigeria's Membership In The Organization Of Islamic Cooperation: Origin, Nature, And Impact, Eddy Aitah Mar 2020

Nigeria's Membership In The Organization Of Islamic Cooperation: Origin, Nature, And Impact, Eddy Aitah

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis explores Nigeria’s membership into the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), covertly instituted by General Ibrahim Babangida who rose to power as Nigeria’s military head of state in 1985, a strategic move that resulted in socioeconomic benefits which improved the standard of living of the people of Nigeria. Regionally divided, Muslim influence on the north, and Christian to the south. The commingling with other traditional Nigerian religious cultures, sociopolitical strategies, and legislative protocol are contested by these opposing factions on a continuum. Using archival research methods, both textual and multimedia, this work posits that despite the religious controversies and …


Lost & Found: New Harvest, Owen Gottlieb, Ian Schreiber Jan 2020

Lost & Found: New Harvest, Owen Gottlieb, Ian Schreiber

Presentations and other scholarship

Lost & Found is a strategy card-to-mobile game series that teaches medieval religious legal systems with attention to period accuracy and cultural and historical context.

Set in Fustat (Old Cairo) in the 12th century, a great crossroads of Islam, Judaism, and Christianity. The Lost & Found games project seeks to expand the discourse around religious legal systems, to enrich public conversations in a variety of communities, and to promote greater understanding of the religious traditions that build the fabric of the United States. Comparative religious literacy can build bridges between and within communities and prepare learners to be responsible citizens …


Talking Foreign Policy: The Rohingya Genocide, Milena Sterio, Todd Buchwald, Jenny Domino, Rebecca Hamilton, Michael P. Scharf, Paul R. Williams Jan 2020

Talking Foreign Policy: The Rohingya Genocide, Milena Sterio, Todd Buchwald, Jenny Domino, Rebecca Hamilton, Michael P. Scharf, Paul R. Williams

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

Talking Foreign Policy is a production of Case Western Reserve University and is produced in partnership with 90.3 FM WCPN ideastream. Questions and comments about the topics discussed on the show, or to suggest future topics, go to talkingforeignpolicy@case.edu.

OCTOBER 1, 2019 BROADCAST


Breaking The Perceptions Of Islamic Monolithism, Dr. Fatemah Albader May 2019

Breaking The Perceptions Of Islamic Monolithism, Dr. Fatemah Albader

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Women In Terrorism, Zeynep Bayar May 2019

The Role Of Women In Terrorism, Zeynep Bayar

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The main purpose of this paper is to understand what motivate women to join terrorist groups and why these organizations prefer to work with female terrorists. Although each woman has different reasons to involve in terrorist groups, this research demonstrates 'religious, political and personal' reasons as the major motivating factors. This study also focuses on the question of why women are the targets of terror recruiters. In order to answer these, the research analysis examines 'psychological, gender, and media' factors as major recruitment reasons of terrorist organizations. This study also analyzes the similarities and differences between female terrorists' profiles of …


Islam In The Mind Of American State Courts: 1960 To 2001, Marie Failinger Jan 2019

Islam In The Mind Of American State Courts: 1960 To 2001, Marie Failinger

Faculty Scholarship

This project reviews how American state courts portrayed Islam and Muslims from 1960 until September 11, 2001. The purpose of this project is not to construct some overarching theoretical framework to explain American social and legal views of Islam and Muslims, though I will necessarily interpret what the cases say to some extent. Given the lengthy time period involved, the number of cases in which Muslims or Islam are referenced, and the fact that these cases come from many states, it seemed prudent to defer to others who have constructed critiques of the way American law as a whole has …