Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 21 of 21

Full-Text Articles in Law

If It Looks Like A Duck ... : Private International Arbitral Bodies Are Adjudicatory Tribunals Under 28 U.S.C. § 1782(A), Brandon Hasbrouck May 2019

If It Looks Like A Duck ... : Private International Arbitral Bodies Are Adjudicatory Tribunals Under 28 U.S.C. § 1782(A), Brandon Hasbrouck

Brandon Hasbrouck

No abstract provided.


The Blurring Of The Public/Private Distinction Or The Collapse Of A Category? The Story Of Investment Arbitration, Guillermo J. Garcia Sanchez Aug 2018

The Blurring Of The Public/Private Distinction Or The Collapse Of A Category? The Story Of Investment Arbitration, Guillermo J. Garcia Sanchez

Guillermo J. Garcia Sanchez

The paper is a response piece to Deborah Hensler and Damira Khatam’s new article, Re-inventing Arbitration: How Expanding the Scope of Arbitration Is Re-Shaping Its Form and Blurring the Line Between Private and Public Adjudication. Their main argument regarding the public-private distinction is that the arbitral procedure has changed as a consequence of the substantive issues resolved in this particular ADR system. According to them the arbitral system, which was originally conceived for commercial purposes, has become another way of litigating public law, but without the accountability mechanisms attached to public courts. In this paper, I agree in large part …


International Investment Arbitration: Winning Losing And Why, Susan D. Franck Nov 2016

International Investment Arbitration: Winning Losing And Why, Susan D. Franck

Susan Franck

None available.


The Politics Of International Investment Arbitrators, Catherine A. Rogers Apr 2016

The Politics Of International Investment Arbitrators, Catherine A. Rogers

Catherine Rogers

Arbitrators are the lightning rod for investment arbitration’s most contentious political debates. Investment arbitration was originally conceived as a means to depoliticize international investment law. The regime was designed to extricate investment disputes from national courts and gunboat diplomacy, entrusting them instead to a neutral law-bound process. According to its critics, however, investment arbitration is neither a neutral, nor a legitimate law-bound process. They lay most of the blame with international arbitrators. Critics contend that, instead of law and appropriate policy considerations, investment arbitrators’ decisions are often the product of extra-legal factors — from their own ideology, to the nature …


Restating The U.S. Law Of International Commercial Arbitration, Catherine A. Rogers Apr 2016

Restating The U.S. Law Of International Commercial Arbitration, Catherine A. Rogers

Catherine Rogers

In December 2007, the American Law Institute ("ALI") approved the development of a new Restatement, Third, of the U.S. Law of International Commercial Arbitration (the "Restatement"). On February 23, 2009, the Restaters and authors of this Essay presented a Preliminary Draft of a chapter of the Restatement (the "Draft") at an invitational meeting in New York. The Draft addresses Recognition and Enforcement of Arbitral Awards. This brief Essay provides some reflections of the Reporters from the process of producing and presenting the Draft. Subsequent Drafts have been produced and approved by the ALI.


The Ballad Of Transborder Arbitration, Thomas E. Carbonneau Apr 2016

The Ballad Of Transborder Arbitration, Thomas E. Carbonneau

Thomas Carbonneau

International commercial arbitration (ICA) is many things positive. Because business transactions cannot take place without a functional system of adjudication,ICA has enabled parties to engage in and pursue international commerce. As a result, it has had an enormous impact upon the international practice of law, the structuring of a de facto international legal system, and the development of a substantive world law of commerce. In a word, ICA has been a vital engine in the creation of a transborder rule of law. Furthering this design, the arbitral "method"has even been applied to the unruly political problems that attend international trade …


Laying Down The "Brics": Enhancing The Portability Of Awards In International Commercial Arbitration, Benjamin C. Mccarty Dec 2015

Laying Down The "Brics": Enhancing The Portability Of Awards In International Commercial Arbitration, Benjamin C. Mccarty

Benjamin C McCarty

The drafters of the 1958 New York Convention intended Article V(2)(b) to be interpreted narrowly, and while most pro-arbitration national courts do maintain narrowly defined areas of public policy that are sufficient for refusal of the recognition and enforcement of a foreign arbitral award, this is not always the case. Developing states and jurisdictions that maintain corrupt or inefficient judicial systems have shown a greater willingness to invoke the public policy exception for a broader, amorphous variety of reasons. This phenomenon has created a sense of unpredictability among international investors, arbitrators, and business executives as to the amount of deference …


Engines By Ge, Body By Houdini: State Secrets As A Procedural Restraint To The Resolution Of Disputes, Les Schiefelbein Aug 2015

Engines By Ge, Body By Houdini: State Secrets As A Procedural Restraint To The Resolution Of Disputes, Les Schiefelbein

Les Schiefelbein

Virtually every national government has a state secrets doctrine. The doctrine is best defined as “any information that, if disclosed publicly, would be reasonably likely to cause significant harm to the national defense or foreign relations of a government.”

Let me give state secrets some practical context and review how it is applied in the United Kingdom, the United States and France.

The best aviation description of my comments on state secrets is “Engines By GE, Body By Houdini.” The illusionist reference is an aviation descriptor of stealth airplanes whose invisibility to radar detection is like the state secret doctrine …


Mediation Representation: Representing Clients Anywhere, Harold Abramson Mar 2014

Mediation Representation: Representing Clients Anywhere, Harold Abramson

Harold I. Abramson

No abstract provided.


Reform Of Investor-State Dispute Settlement: Lessons From International Uniform Law, Joshua D H Karton Jan 2014

Reform Of Investor-State Dispute Settlement: Lessons From International Uniform Law, Joshua D H Karton

Joshua Karton

This article argues that significant improvements in the quality and consistency of decision-making in investor-state arbitration can be achieved without taking such drastic (and possibly unachievable) steps as creating a global appellate body or standing international investment court, or enacting a new treaty that codifies the substantive obligations of international investment law for all signatory states. The article draws on the experience of the international uniform law movement to suggest realistic and achievable steps that could nevertheless be effective.

Although investor-state arbitration and uniform law are not entirely analogous, they do share some important similarities. In particular, they share the …


Time To Join The “Bit Club”? Promoting And Protecting Brazilian Investments Abroad, Lucas Bento Aug 2013

Time To Join The “Bit Club”? Promoting And Protecting Brazilian Investments Abroad, Lucas Bento

Lucas Bento

The growing internationalization of Brazilian organizations calls for a greater array of investment protections available to them, particularly as they weave through an increasingly competitive and uncertain global economy. This article argues that the Brazilian government should consider ratifying BITs so as to provide greater protections to its own – domestic – investors.


International Investment Arbitration: Winning Losing And Why, Susan Franck Jan 2013

International Investment Arbitration: Winning Losing And Why, Susan Franck

Susan D. Franck

None available.


The Future Of Law And Development: Investment Treaty Abritration And Law & Development, Susan Franck Jan 2013

The Future Of Law And Development: Investment Treaty Abritration And Law & Development, Susan Franck

Susan D. Franck

None available.


Development And Outcomes Of Investment Treaty Arbitration, Susan Franck Jan 2013

Development And Outcomes Of Investment Treaty Arbitration, Susan Franck

Susan D. Franck

The legitimacy of investment treaty arbitration is a matter of heated debate. Asserting that arbitration is unfairly tilted toward the developed world, some countries have withdrawn from World Bank dispute resolution bodies or are taking steps to eliminate arbitration. In order to assess whether investment arbitration is the equivalent of tossing a two-headed coin to resolve investment disputes, this Article explores the role of development status in arbitration outcomes. It first presents descriptive, quantitative research about the developmental background of the presiding arbitrators who exert particular control over the arbitration process. The Article then assesses how (1) the development status …


Managing Expectations: Beyond Formal Adjudication, Susan Franck Dec 2012

Managing Expectations: Beyond Formal Adjudication, Susan Franck

Susan D. Franck

No abstract provided.


Back To The Eternal Debate Of Mfn And Dispute Settlement: A Case Comment On Ics V. Republic Of Argentina, Antoine Martin Jun 2012

Back To The Eternal Debate Of Mfn And Dispute Settlement: A Case Comment On Ics V. Republic Of Argentina, Antoine Martin

Antoine Martin

Most-Favoured Nation (MFN) clauses and their possible extension to dispute settlement mechanisms are at the heart of a significant debate in international investments law. This debate is very lively but it is currently unsettled, as demonstrated by persisting disagreements between opposite Schools of thoughts and multiple inconsistencies in arbitral decisions. MFN clauses were reconsidered recently following a claim brought by ICS Inspection and Control Services Limited against Argentina before the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA). The PCA arbitrators rendered a decision in February 2011 in which jurisdiction was rejected together with the idea that a MFN can be extended to …


International Commercial Arbitrators' Approaches To Contractual Interpretation, Joshua D H Karton Jan 2012

International Commercial Arbitrators' Approaches To Contractual Interpretation, Joshua D H Karton

Joshua Karton

This article considers the available international arbitral awards that involve interpretation of a contract. It divides the awards according to the applicable substantive law, and concludes that international commercial arbitrators generally follow the interpretive rules prescribed by the laws of civil law jurisdictions, but sometimes depart from common law interpretive methods. When international arbitrators depart from the applicable law, or when they apply general principles of international law or act as amiables compositeurs, they tend to follow a civil law approach. They see discerning the true (subjective) common intention of the parties as the goal of contractual interpretation, and while …


Conflict Of Interests: Seeking A Way Forward On Publication Of International Arbitral Awards, Joshua D H Karton Dec 2011

Conflict Of Interests: Seeking A Way Forward On Publication Of International Arbitral Awards, Joshua D H Karton

Joshua Karton

There now appears to be general agreement that greater publication of awards would benefit the international commercial arbitration system, yet most awards remain unpublished. This article explains the current state of affairs by reference to the conflict between party and systemic interests. Since international arbitration is a private, consent-based system, party interests in keeping awards confidential are likely to trump systemic interests in publishing them—even if those systemic interests align with the long-term interests of commercial parties generally.

The conflict of interests not only explains why confidentiality of international arbitral awards remains the rule, it also points the way to …


Contracting For State Intervention, W. Mark C. Weidemaier Dec 2009

Contracting For State Intervention, W. Mark C. Weidemaier

W. Mark C. Weidemaier

Most models of contracting behavior assume that contract terms are meant to be enforced, whether through legal or relational means. That assumption extends to dispute resolution terms like arbitration clauses. According to theory, contracting parties adopt arbitration clauses because they want to arbitrate disputes and because they believe that a counter-party who has agreed to arbitrate will keep that promise rather than incur the resulting legal or extra-legal sanction. In this article, I describe how this standard account cannot explain the origins of arbitration clauses in sovereign bond contracts. Drawing on original archival research and secondary sources, the article traces …


The Role Of International Arbitrators, Susan Franck Dec 2005

The Role Of International Arbitrators, Susan Franck

Susan D. Franck

No abstract provided.


Only One Kick At The Cat-A Contextual Rubric For Evaluating Res Judicata And Collateral Estoppel In Innternational Commercial Arbitration.Pdf, Randy D. Gordon Dec 2005

Only One Kick At The Cat-A Contextual Rubric For Evaluating Res Judicata And Collateral Estoppel In Innternational Commercial Arbitration.Pdf, Randy D. Gordon

Randy D. Gordon

Arbitration is the preferred method of resolving disputes arising out of international commercial transactions. It stands outside national legal systems because contracting parties agree in advance that they want neutral arbitrators — not local judges and juries — deciding who is at fault when a commercial relationship breaks down. But arbitration nevertheless butts up against litigation from time to time, often because one party attempts to arbitrate a matter that has been litigated to conclusion or vice versa. This article examines — through a contextual approach — questions of preclusion that thereby arise and ultimately suggests that res judicata and …