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Full-Text Articles in Law

Much Dispute About Nothing? A Critical Examination Of The Backlash Against Investment Treaty Arbitration In International Intellectual Property Disputes, Andy Taylor Jan 2023

Much Dispute About Nothing? A Critical Examination Of The Backlash Against Investment Treaty Arbitration In International Intellectual Property Disputes, Andy Taylor

Cybaris®

No abstract provided.


Against Imperial Arbitrators: The Brilliance Of Canada's New Model Investment Treaty, Charles H. Brower Ii Jan 2023

Against Imperial Arbitrators: The Brilliance Of Canada's New Model Investment Treaty, Charles H. Brower Ii

FIU Law Review

Investment treaty arbitration has become politically “toxic” even in states that pioneered the development of investment treaties. There is consensus on the need for reform. But there is a dearth of historical research on what went wrong with investment treaties, when it happened, or how to find the way forward in light of the past. As a result, reform efforts have a stumbling quality. One can see this in multilateral fora, such as the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL), where over four years of study and negotiations have produced little consensus. One can also see it in …


Penerapan Pembatalan Putusan Arbitrase Internasional Dalam Persektif Hukum Di Indonesia (Studi Putusan Kasasi Nomor : 219b/Pdt.Sus.Artb/2016), Habib Hasan Dec 2022

Penerapan Pembatalan Putusan Arbitrase Internasional Dalam Persektif Hukum Di Indonesia (Studi Putusan Kasasi Nomor : 219b/Pdt.Sus.Artb/2016), Habib Hasan

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Article 66 letter (a) of Law No. 30 of 1999 concerning Arbitration and Dispute Resolution specifies "International Arbitration Award is handed down by an arbitrator or arbitral tribunal in a country with which the State of Indonesia is bound by an agreement, both bilaterally and multilaterally, regarding the recognition and implementation of the International Arbitration Award. This writing is the writing of normative juridical law using a statutory approach and a case approach. Using secondary data consisting of primary legal materials, secondary legal materials and tertiary legal materials. Based on the results of the writing can be concluded: (1) Article …


Legal Treatment Of Foreign Investment And Role International Investment Arbitration Through The Prism Of Kosovo, Arianit Kaçandolli, Bashkim Nuredini Oct 2021

Legal Treatment Of Foreign Investment And Role International Investment Arbitration Through The Prism Of Kosovo, Arianit Kaçandolli, Bashkim Nuredini

UBT International Conference

The main purpose of this study is the legal treatment of foreign direct investment (FDI) in the Republic of Kosovo and in the countries of the region, as well as the role of International Investment Arbitration, with a specific reference to an analysis of the positive effects FDI and the problems faced by foreign investors. Global trends show that competition for FDI inflows is particularly strong among developing countries, as it represents an important source of foreign capital and with a positive impact on the host economy. FDI can facilitate rapid economic growth in developing countries by increasing investment and …


International Arbitration And Attorney-Client Privilege — A Conflict Of Laws Approach, Susan Franck Dec 2019

International Arbitration And Attorney-Client Privilege — A Conflict Of Laws Approach, Susan Franck

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

Privilege determinations in international arbitration are currently the equivalent of the “wild west,” with minimal predictability and massive pockets of tribunal discretion. Yet protecting privilege in international arbitration — when the same document or communications with lawyers that is protected by United States law may receive no protection under another law — is fundamental to safeguarding attorney-client relationships within a global environment, incentivizing procedural integrity of dispute resolution, and ensuring that justice is done. As it is not clear what law applies to privilege and client confidentiality (let alone how the law is determine), this Essay begins to bridge the …


Profile: Judge George H. Aldrich, Nancy Amoury Combs Sep 2019

Profile: Judge George H. Aldrich, Nancy Amoury Combs

Nancy Combs

No abstract provided.


Houston, We Have An Arbitration: International Arbitration’S Role In Resolving Commercial Aerospace Disputes, Carson W. Bennett May 2019

Houston, We Have An Arbitration: International Arbitration’S Role In Resolving Commercial Aerospace Disputes, Carson W. Bennett

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This article explores the complimentary nature between the burgeoning private aerospace industry and international arbitration, as well as detailing how it could be advantageous to resolve these aerospace disputes in California. Part II outlines the new space race. It begins with the Ansari XPrize and follows some of the industry’s most significant developments. Part III explores the benefits of arbitration and how the characteristics of international arbitral proceedings cater to the common concerns of aerospace companies. Part IV catalogues the initiatives arbitral institutions have taken to customize an arbitration for aerospace disputes. This article argues that a specialized institution could …


The Applicability Of Economic Sanctions To The Merits In International Arbitration Proceedings: With A Focus On The Dynamics Between Public International Law Principles, Private International Law Rules And International Arbitration Theories, Taejoon Ahn Apr 2018

The Applicability Of Economic Sanctions To The Merits In International Arbitration Proceedings: With A Focus On The Dynamics Between Public International Law Principles, Private International Law Rules And International Arbitration Theories, Taejoon Ahn

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

No abstract provided.


U.S.A. Vs. The World: Right To Public Access Of Court Records And Confidentiality Concerns In Commercial Arbitration, Christopher M. Campbell Jan 2018

U.S.A. Vs. The World: Right To Public Access Of Court Records And Confidentiality Concerns In Commercial Arbitration, Christopher M. Campbell

South Carolina Journal of International Law and Business

No abstract provided.


A Case Of Motivated Cultural Cognition: China's Normative Arbitration Of International Business Disputes, Pat K. Chew Jan 2018

A Case Of Motivated Cultural Cognition: China's Normative Arbitration Of International Business Disputes, Pat K. Chew

Articles

The centuries-old conception of judges and arbitrators as highly predictable and objective is being dismantled. In its place, a much more textured, complicated, and challenging understanding of legal decision-making is being constructed. New research on “Motivated Cognition” demonstrates that judges and arbitrators are more human than mechanical, pouring themselves – and the cultural and institutional contexts within which they act – into their decision making. This article extends the emerging model of Motivated Cultural Cognition, a form of Motivated Cognition, to the global stage, investigating arbitration of business disputes between two world-powers: United States and China. Through a first-of-its-kind empirical …


Arbitration And Fine Dining: Two Faces Of Efficiency, William W. Park Aug 2017

Arbitration And Fine Dining: Two Faces Of Efficiency, William W. Park

Faculty Scholarship

A restaurant meal might turn into disappointment either when good food arrives late, or when prompt service delivers bad food. The chef cannot become preoccupied with any one aspect of fine dining to the exclusion of others. Likewise, arbitral proceedings implicate proportionality and balance among a multitude of factors which can make the experience good or bad. Several elements play key roles in evaluating any arbitration, namely: accuracy, fairness, cost, speed, and award enforceability. An inevitable tension exists among these goals. Decisions reached quickly and cheaply will do few favors if the award gets it wrong on the substantive merits. …


Soft Law And Transnational Standards In Arbitration: The Challenge Of Res Judicata, William W. Park Aug 2017

Soft Law And Transnational Standards In Arbitration: The Challenge Of Res Judicata, William W. Park

Faculty Scholarship

In international proceedings, a transnational “soft law” often finds expression in rules, guidelines and canons of professional associations which serve to supplement the “hard law” of national statutes and court decisions. Memorializing the experience of those who sit as arbitrators or serve as counsel, such standards contain a degree of circularity, in that relevant norms both derive from and apply to cross-border arbitration. Neither the nature nor the limits of “soft law” always present themselves with clarity. Often the litigants’ agreement fails to provide standards on controverted questions whose answers fall beyond common practice. In such instances, the integrity of …


Opening The Red Door To Chinese Arbitrations: An Empirical Analysis Of Cietac Cases (1990-2000), Pat K. Chew Jan 2017

Opening The Red Door To Chinese Arbitrations: An Empirical Analysis Of Cietac Cases (1990-2000), Pat K. Chew

Articles

This article reveals evidence-based details of the China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission (CIETAC) arbitral proceedings (1990-2000), allowing unprecedented insights into Chinese international business arbitration. It begins by confirming the prominence of Chinese foreign trade and foreign investment in the global economy and CIETAC’s critical role in securing that prominence. Among other results, the empirical study of CIETAC awards finds: (i) the parties were of diverse nationalities, most commonly with disputes between a Chinese party and a foreign party; and (ii) the majority of cases were sales and trade disputes, although a sizable number were investment/joint venture disputes. Regarding …


Private Solutions To Global Crises, Gregory R. Day Oct 2016

Private Solutions To Global Crises, Gregory R. Day

St. John's Law Review

(Excerpt)

The contribution of this Article is both theoretical and practical. Considering that MNCs rarely suffer liability abroad, this Article identifies an emerging, understudied type of international agreement able to hold MNCs responsible for torts in the developing world. On a theoretical level, the research herein identifies situations in which arbitral decisions are superior to judicial rulings. This Article also advances the private dispute resolution literature, which has developed slowly due to arbitration’s private and confidential nature. The works that do discuss arbitration overwhelmingly assume that the process favors corporations, rarely mentioning arbitration’s socially desirable qualities. Thus, this Article offers …


The European Union’S Emerging Approach To Isds: A Review Of The Canada-Europe Ceta, Europe-Singapore Fta, And European-Vietnam Fta, Gus Van Harten Sep 2016

The European Union’S Emerging Approach To Isds: A Review Of The Canada-Europe Ceta, Europe-Singapore Fta, And European-Vietnam Fta, Gus Van Harten

Articles & Book Chapters

The European Union’s approach to ISDS is examined based on the available textual evidence in proposed or negotiated trade agreements. The evaluation focuses on three criteria: judicial independence, procedural fairness, and balance in the allocation of rights and responsibilities. Each criteria arises from concerns about the powerful and far-reaching arbitration mechanism at the core of ISDS and its role to decide the legality of sovereign conduct and allocate public funds to foreign investors. The main conclusions are that, in pursuing a massive expansion of ISDS in new trade agreements, the European Union has taken only partial steps on the issue …


Bridging The Cultural Gap In International Arbitrations Arising From Fcpa Investigations, Daniel Schimmel, Anthony Mirenda, Shrutih Tewarie Jan 2016

Bridging The Cultural Gap In International Arbitrations Arising From Fcpa Investigations, Daniel Schimmel, Anthony Mirenda, Shrutih Tewarie

Fordham International Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Predicting Outcomes In Investment Treaty Arbitration, Susan Franck Dec 2015

Predicting Outcomes In Investment Treaty Arbitration, Susan Franck

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

Crafting appropriate dispute settlement processes is challenging for any conflict-management system, particularly for politically sensitive international economic law disputes. As the United States negotiates investment treaties with Asian and European countries, the terms of dispute settlement have become contentious. There is a vigorous debate about whether investment treaty arbitration (ITA) is an appropriate dispute settlement mechanism. While some sing the praises of ITA, others offer a spirited critique. Some critics claim that ITA is biased against states, while others suggest ITA is predictable but unfair due to factors like arbitrator identity or venue. Using data from 159 final cases derived …


How Italian Colors Guts Private Antitrust Enforcement By Replacing It With Ineffective Forms Of Arbitration, Einer Elhauge Jan 2015

How Italian Colors Guts Private Antitrust Enforcement By Replacing It With Ineffective Forms Of Arbitration, Einer Elhauge

Fordham International Law Journal

The United States is becoming more like Europe, and not in a good way. For a long time, the central difference between antitrust enforcement in the United States and Europe has been that the United States features not only public enforcement, but a vigorous system of private antitrust enforcement, while in Europe, public agencies have had an effective monopoly on antitrust enforcement. But that difference is on the verge of collapsing. We are achieving a form of convergence; but contrary to expectations, this convergence is not coming from recent European efforts to facilitate private enforcement, which have not yet overcome …


International Arbitration Rules And Their Effect On The Merits Of Energy Sector Disputes, Brian Abbas Dec 2014

International Arbitration Rules And Their Effect On The Merits Of Energy Sector Disputes, Brian Abbas

Brian Abbas

International Arbitration Rules and Their Effect on the Merits of Energy Sector Disputes Many countries around the world rely on the energy sector for industry, national security, mobility, economy, and countless other benefits. The importance of the energy sector makes disputes likely and necessitates dispute resolution mechanisms. Through International Investment Agreements (IIAs), arbitration has become an integral part of the dispute resolution process in international energy sector disputes. Thus, understanding the arbitration rules and how choosing one set of rules can affect the outcome of an international energy sector dispute becomes an important task. The most prevalent arbitration rules are …


How Urgent Shall An Emergency Be. The Standards Required To Grant Urgent Relief By Emergency Arbitrators, Edgardo Muñoz Dec 2014

How Urgent Shall An Emergency Be. The Standards Required To Grant Urgent Relief By Emergency Arbitrators, Edgardo Muñoz

Edgardo Muñoz

In recent years, many arbitration institutions have adopted so-called ‘emergency relief rules’. These rules allow parties to request an ‘emergency arbitrator’ to issue interim measures before the arbitral tribunal is constituted. The author submits that while emergency arbitrators might apply the same substantive requirements that arbitral tribunals apply for granting interim relief, the standard required to meet each substantive requirement shall be different. In addition, the author explores the power of emergency arbitrators to grant urgent relief ex parte and a particular fact scenario where emergency arbitrators will add imminent value to the process of arbitration.


A Fair Fight: Professional Guidelines In International Arbitration, William W. Park Oct 2014

A Fair Fight: Professional Guidelines In International Arbitration, William W. Park

Faculty Scholarship

Depending on context and content, a regulatory framework can either help or hinder efforts to enhance aggregate social and economic welfare. Lively debate has arisen with respect to the net effects of two recent sets of directives for lawyer comportment in cross-border arbitration: the guidelines adopted by the International Bar Association and the new arbitration rules promulgated by the London Court of International Arbitration. Each instrument aims to promote a more level playing field on matters where legal cultures differ, such as document production and counsel independence. Each has caused thoughtful commentators to question the need and the merits of …


Keynote Address: Arbitration And The Freedom To Associate, Gary B. Born Sep 2014

Keynote Address: Arbitration And The Freedom To Associate, Gary B. Born

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Preserving Negotiation Whilst Promoting Global Order: Should We Bargain With Salt-Water Devils?, Lucas Bento Jul 2014

Preserving Negotiation Whilst Promoting Global Order: Should We Bargain With Salt-Water Devils?, Lucas Bento

Lucas Bento

This Article utilizes theories of negotiation to assess whether negotiating with pirates is sound policy, and argues for a solution that maximizes the interests of all stakeholders without compromising important policy-based considerations.


Stayin’ Alive?: Bg Group, Plc V. Republic Of Argentina And The Vitality Of Host-Country Litigation Requirements In Investment Treaty Arbitration, Stephen R. Halpin Iii Jun 2014

Stayin’ Alive?: Bg Group, Plc V. Republic Of Argentina And The Vitality Of Host-Country Litigation Requirements In Investment Treaty Arbitration, Stephen R. Halpin Iii

Washington and Lee Law Review

No abstract provided.


Using Investor-State Mediation Rules To Promote Conflict Management, Susan Franck Feb 2014

Using Investor-State Mediation Rules To Promote Conflict Management, Susan Franck

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

International investment treaties offer critical infrastructure for globalization and are one of the backbones of larger dialogues related to the international political economy. As the treaties grant substantive and procedural rights, the capacity of international investors to directly access dispute resolution involving States has been a story of both success and discontent. Investment treaty arbitration, in particular, has been a source of polarization; and stakeholders are actively seeking alternatives to formalized adjudication before ad hoc tribunals. Mediation, in addition to other forms of alternative dispute resolution and conflict management, has become an increasingly vital part of the debate about the …


Soft Law And The Principle Of Fair And Equitable Decisionmaking In International Contract Arbitration, Larry Dimatteo Nov 2013

Soft Law And The Principle Of Fair And Equitable Decisionmaking In International Contract Arbitration, Larry Dimatteo

Larry A DiMatteo

This article provides a survey of the special relationship between international commercial arbitration and soft law instruments. It briefly traces the historical roots of the lex mercatoria to its present enunciation in the Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) and the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts. It discusses the characteristic of the hardness and softness of laws in an international commercial law context. The CISG is studied not only as a hard law, but also as an example of soft law. The affinity between soft law and international commercial arbitration is explored, as well as …


Time To Join The “Bit Club”? Promoting And Protecting Brazilian Investments Abroad, Lucas Bento Aug 2013

Time To Join The “Bit Club”? Promoting And Protecting Brazilian Investments Abroad, Lucas Bento

Lucas Bento

The growing internationalization of Brazilian organizations calls for a greater array of investment protections available to them, particularly as they weave through an increasingly competitive and uncertain global economy. This article argues that the Brazilian government should consider ratifying BITs so as to provide greater protections to its own – domestic – investors.


The Legitimacy Crisis In Investment Treaty Arbitration: Privatizing Public International Law Through Inconsistent Decisions, Susan D. Franck Jan 2013

The Legitimacy Crisis In Investment Treaty Arbitration: Privatizing Public International Law Through Inconsistent Decisions, Susan D. Franck

Susan D. Franck

No abstract provided.


The Convergence Of International Trade And Investment Arbitration, Roger P. Alford Jan 2013

The Convergence Of International Trade And Investment Arbitration, Roger P. Alford

Journal Articles

The World Trade Organization (“WTO”) and bilateral investment treaties (“BITs”) are among the most significant legal developments in the history of international economic law. Never before in the history of international relations has trade and investment been supported by such powerful legal guarantees and adjudicative processes. In less than two decades the WTO and BITs have permanently altered the legal landscape with reciprocal and mutually advantageous arrangements designed to reduce barriers to trade and investment and eliminate discriminatory treatment in international economic relations. In most respects the worlds of trade and investment are on parallel tracks headed in the same …


Monismo Y Dualismo De Las Leyes De Arbitraje: ¿Son Todas Ellas Dualistas?, Xavier Favre-Bulle, Edgardo Muñoz Dec 2012

Monismo Y Dualismo De Las Leyes De Arbitraje: ¿Son Todas Ellas Dualistas?, Xavier Favre-Bulle, Edgardo Muñoz

Edgardo Muñoz

Un arbitraje puede ser interno o internacional. La distinción comúnmente funda en la existencia de elementos relacionados con más de una jurisdicción nacional. En algunos sistemas legales, un solo conjunto de disposiciones gobierna todo arbitraje independientemente de su naturaleza interna o internacional. En otros, el carácter interno o internacional de un arbitraje trae consigo la aplicación de dos conjuntos de disposiciones distintos. Dichos cuerpos legales podrían abordar de manera distinta cuestiones relacionadas, por ejemplo, con el tipo de controversias y entes que pueden someterse al arbitraje, los requisitos del convenio arbitral, el control que ejercen los tribunales estatales sobre el …