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Intellectual Property

2010

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 37

Full-Text Articles in Law

Hiv And Aids In Africa: Compulsory Licensing Under Trips And Doha Declaration, Ufuoma Barbara Akpotaire Dec 2010

Hiv And Aids In Africa: Compulsory Licensing Under Trips And Doha Declaration, Ufuoma Barbara Akpotaire

Ufuoma Barbara Akpotaire

In today’s world, there is a lot of focus on issues such as militancy, global warming, terrorism, racism and even politics. Unfortunately, there is a problem that has killed and is still killing far more people than any of the above issues. That problem is HIV/AIDS.

AIDS is a serious medical condition that predisposes patients towards opportunistic infecting tumors, dementia and death. HIV is the viral agent associated with AIDS. Africa is without doubt more heavily affected by HIV/AIDS than any other region of the world. Although Nigeria’s HIV/AIDS prevalence rate is still relatively low compared to some countries in …


Towards A Holistic Approach To Technology And Climate Change: What Would Form Part Of An Answer?, Estelle Derclaye, Abbe Brown Oct 2010

Towards A Holistic Approach To Technology And Climate Change: What Would Form Part Of An Answer?, Estelle Derclaye, Abbe Brown

Estelle Derclaye

No abstract provided.


Los Derechos De Autor Y El Dominio Público, Rodolfo C. Rivas Rea Esq. Sep 2010

Los Derechos De Autor Y El Dominio Público, Rodolfo C. Rivas Rea Esq.

Rodolfo C. Rivas

The author discusses the subtle differences between Copyright and Author's Rights. Then he goes into analyzing the different ways a work can become part of the public domain and how it varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction and from time to time.////////////////////////////////////////////////////El autor analiza las sutiles diferencias entre los derechos de autor y el copyright. Posteriormente se adentra en el análisis de las formas en las que una obra entra dentro del dominio público, y como estas varían dependiendo del territorio y de la época.


An Offensive Weapon?: An Empirical Analysis Of The 'Sword' Of State Sovereign Immunity In State-Owned Patents, Tejas N. Narechania Sep 2010

An Offensive Weapon?: An Empirical Analysis Of The 'Sword' Of State Sovereign Immunity In State-Owned Patents, Tejas N. Narechania

Tejas N. Narechania

In 1999, the Supreme Court invoked state sovereign immunity to strike down provisions in the patent and trademark laws purporting to hold states liable for the infringement of these intellectual properties. These decisions ignited a series of criticisms, including allegations that sovereign immunity gives states an unfair advantage in the exercise of state-owned patent rights.
In particular, critics alleged two unfair advantages to state patentees. First, they alleged that states would favorably manipulate litigation. Second, they alleged that states would use their immunity from challenge to obtain broad patents or force private parties into licensing arrangements. An empirical study focusing …


Piratas Y Corsarios En La Era Digital, Mario Šilar, Alejandro Néstor García Martínez Sep 2010

Piratas Y Corsarios En La Era Digital, Mario Šilar, Alejandro Néstor García Martínez

Mario Šilar

http://www.unav.es/nuestrotiempo/es/temas/piratas-y-corsarios-en-la-era-digital


Wipo And The Acta Threat, Sara Bannerman Sep 2010

Wipo And The Acta Threat, Sara Bannerman

Joint PIJIP/TLS Research Paper Series

The new Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) has been seen as a potentially existential threat to the existing World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) – as a new plurilateral institution that could replace the older multilateral organization. The ACTA threat to WIPO has a number of predecessors. WIPO’s centrality to international intellectual property norm-setting encountered its first major challenge in 1952 when the Universal Copyright Convention was established under UNESCO. It encountered a second major challenge with the establishment of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (the TRIPs Agreement). The ACTA challenge thus potentially represents a third instance where a …


Relación Entre Sectores Del Cine En México, Rodolfo C. Rivas Rea Esq., Juan Ángel Garza Vite Esq. Aug 2010

Relación Entre Sectores Del Cine En México, Rodolfo C. Rivas Rea Esq., Juan Ángel Garza Vite Esq.

Rodolfo C. Rivas

A brief historical analysis of the film industry in Mexico that delves into the current state of affairs between producers, distributors and exhibitors. The authors also draw conclusions from current trend examples in the US and Europe.///////////////////////////////////////////Los autores realizan un breve análisis histórico de la industria cinematográfica en México, centrándose en particular en el estado de la relación entre productores, distribuidores y exhibidores. A partir de esto, los autores desarrollan conclusiones basados en tendencias actuales en los EE.UU. y Europa.


American Needle And The Boundaries Of The Firm In Antitrust Law, Herbert J. Hovenkamp Aug 2010

American Needle And The Boundaries Of The Firm In Antitrust Law, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

All Faculty Scholarship

In American Needle the Supreme Court unanimously held that for the practice at issue the NFL should be treated as a “combination” of its teams rather than a single entity. However, the arrangement must be assessed under the rule of reason. The opinion, written by Justice Stevens, was almost certainly his last opinion for the Court in an antitrust case; Justice Stevens had been a dissenter in the Supreme Court’s Copperweld decision 25 years earlier, which held that a parent corporation and its wholly owned subsidiary constituted a single “firm” for antitrust purposes. The Sherman Act speaks to this issue …


American Needle: The Sherman Act, Conspiracy, And Exclusion, Herbert J. Hovenkamp Jun 2010

American Needle: The Sherman Act, Conspiracy, And Exclusion, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

All Faculty Scholarship

This essay, part of a colloquium in the CPI Antitrust Journal, explores the meaning and significance of the Supreme Court’s decision in American Needle v. NFL. The Supreme Court held that for purposes of the dispute at hand the NFL should be treated as a collaboration of its member teams rather than a single entity. The factors that the Supreme Court considered most important were, first, that the NFL’s member teams are individually owned profit making entities who compete with each other in at least some economic markets, such as that for the sale of apparel bearing NFL symbols. …


Language And Culture In Intellectual Property Law: A Book Review (Reviewing Jessica Reymann's "The Rhetoric Of Intellectual Property: Copyright And The Regulation Of Digital Culture), Jessica M. Silbey Jun 2010

Language And Culture In Intellectual Property Law: A Book Review (Reviewing Jessica Reymann's "The Rhetoric Of Intellectual Property: Copyright And The Regulation Of Digital Culture), Jessica M. Silbey

Jessica Silbey

Jessica Reyman’s THE RHETORIC OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY: COPYRIGHT LAW AND THE REGULATION OF DIGITAL CULTURE is a book whose time has come. As a book about the rhetorical divide between the content industry and copyright activists, it analyzes the deep rifts between the language of incentives and exclusivity and the counterdiscourse of cooperation and the commons. And as a piece about the upheaval in the socio-legal landscape of intellectual property rights, it is in good company. There are multitudes of recent books and articles that seek a solution to the divide that animates disputes about owners and users (many of …


Dynamic Federalism And Patent Law Reform, Xuan-Thao Nguyen Apr 2010

Dynamic Federalism And Patent Law Reform, Xuan-Thao Nguyen

Indiana Law Journal

Patent law is federal law, and the normative approach to patent reform has been top down, looking to Congress and the Supreme Court for changes to the broken and complex patent system. The normative approach thus far has not yielded satisfactory results. This Article challenges the static approach to patent reform and embraces the dynamic-federalism approach that patent reform can be an overlapping of both national and local efforts. Patent reform at the local level is essential as locales can serve as laboratories for changes, vertically compete with national government to reform certain areas of the patent system, and become …


Indianizing Hollywood: The Debate Over Bollywood's Copyright Infringement, Hariqbal Basi Feb 2010

Indianizing Hollywood: The Debate Over Bollywood's Copyright Infringement, Hariqbal Basi

Hariqbal Basi

For decades, the mainstream Indian film industry, known as Bollywood, has remade copyrighted Hollywood films for the Indian audience without legal repercussions. This practice has gone unnoticed by Hollywood until recently, and accusations have since been brought against Indian filmmakers for copyright infringement. This note provides an in depth analysis of why these potentially infringing films have only become the subject of litigation over the last two years, cultural arguments advanced by Indian filmmakers for why their remakes should constitute original, and not infringing, works, and what the effects of litigation have been. As the two industries become increasingly intertwined, …


The Copenhagen Accord And Climate Innovation Centres, Matthew Rimmer Jan 2010

The Copenhagen Accord And Climate Innovation Centres, Matthew Rimmer

Matthew Rimmer

After much hue and cry, the Copenhagen negotiations over intellectual property and climate change ended in a stalemate and an impasse. There was a gulf between the views of intellectual property maximalists who demanded strong protection of intellectual property rights in respect of clean technologies; and nation states and civil society groups calling for special measures to facilitate technology transfer. As a result, the Copenhagen Accord did contain any text on intellectual property and climate change. Nonetheless, the Copenhagen Accord does, though, contain an important compromise. The text provides for a technology mechanism, which envisages a network of Climate Innovation …


Trips And Human Rights - The Case Of India, Subramanya Sirish Tamvada Jan 2010

Trips And Human Rights - The Case Of India, Subramanya Sirish Tamvada

Subramanya Sirish Tamvada

Intellectual Property Rights and Human Rights often come in conflict. There is a need to give heed to the voices of the developing countries. Human Rights have gained primacy in the world today. Developing countries through international treaties and conventions are obliged to protect human rights in their countries. At the same time trade and innovation is also of priority for a countries development. Hence, there is a need to understand and bring clarity to the debate between the two namely; trade especially, the intellectual property rights and human rights. Intellectual Property Interests mentioned in UDHR and ICESCR cannot be …


Can The Law Track Scientific Risk And Technological Innovation?: The Problem Of Regulatory Definitions And Nanotechnology, David A. Dana Jan 2010

Can The Law Track Scientific Risk And Technological Innovation?: The Problem Of Regulatory Definitions And Nanotechnology, David A. Dana

Faculty Working Papers

The functioning of a regulatory regime often turns on what is defined to be included in the scope of regulation and what is defined to be outside. In constructing the definitions of what is regulated, two key challenges are to align the defintions with the risks that motivated the establishment of the regulatory regime and to build in dynamism into the defintions so that they adapt to changes in scientific understanding and technology. This Chapter of a forthcoming book from Cambridge University Press (David Dana, ed., The Nanotechnology Challenge), explores these challnegs in the context of nanotechnology.


Special 301 Of The Trade Act Of 1974 And Global Access To Medicine, Sean Flynn Jan 2010

Special 301 Of The Trade Act Of 1974 And Global Access To Medicine, Sean Flynn

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

Since its inception in 1988, the United States Trade Representative’s “Special 301” adjudication of foreign intellectual property law standards has been used to promote policies restricting access to affordable medications around the world. President-elect Obama released a platform promising to “break the stranglehold that a few big drug and insurance companies have on these life-saving drugs” and pledged support for “the rights of sovereign nations to access quality-assured, low-cost generic medication to meet their pressing public health needs.” The 2009 and 2010 Special 301 reports, however, indicate that the Obama Administration has not yet implemented this pledge into administration trade …


Costos Sin Beneficios Análisis Económico Del Artículo 5 Bis Recientemente Incorporado Al Régimen De La Propiedad Intelectual, Maximiliano Marzetti Jan 2010

Costos Sin Beneficios Análisis Económico Del Artículo 5 Bis Recientemente Incorporado Al Régimen De La Propiedad Intelectual, Maximiliano Marzetti

Maximiliano Marzetti

El AED sirve para muchas cosas, en éste caso para atacar los pseudo-argumentos de una ley económicamente ineficiente y para descubrir los ganadores y perdedores de una reforma legislativa.

La reciente ley Nº 26.570 (que ha pasado casi desapercibida para la mayoría de los argentinos) incorpora el artículo 5 bis al Régimen de la Propiedad Intelectual (Ley Nº 11.723).

Un sólo artículo ha sido suficiente para extender el monopolio económico de artístas-intérpretes y productores de fonogramas por 20 años más (sin ninguna justificación valedera).

Han ganado los productores de fonogramas y las agencias de gestión colectiva; han perdido los consumidores …


Civil Procedures For A World Of Shared And User-Generated Content, Ira Nathenson Jan 2010

Civil Procedures For A World Of Shared And User-Generated Content, Ira Nathenson

Ira Steven Nathenson

Scholars often focus on the substance of copyrights as opposed to the procedures used to enforce them. Yet copyright enforcement procedures are at the root of significant overreach and deserve greater attention in academic literature. This Article explores three types of private enforcement procedures: direct enforcement (cease-and-desist practice); indirect enforcement (DMCA takedowns); and automated enforcement (YouTube’s Content ID filtering program). Such procedures can produce a “substance-procedure-substance” feedback loop that causes significant de facto overextensions of copyrights, particularly against those creating and sharing User-Generated Content (UGC). To avoid this feedback, the Article proposes descriptive and normative frameworks aimed towards the creation …


The Ali Principles And The Clip Project – A Comparison, Benedetta Carla Angela Ubertazzi Jan 2010

The Ali Principles And The Clip Project – A Comparison, Benedetta Carla Angela Ubertazzi

Benedetta Carla Angela Ubertazzi

No abstract provided.


Introduction, Symposium, Internet Expression In The 21st Century: Where Technology & Law Collide, Tonya M. Evans, Michael R. Dimino, Nicole M. Santo Jan 2010

Introduction, Symposium, Internet Expression In The 21st Century: Where Technology & Law Collide, Tonya M. Evans, Michael R. Dimino, Nicole M. Santo

Tonya M. Evans

No abstract provided.


A New Look At Patent Quality: Relating Patent Prosecution To Validity, Ronald J. Mann, Marian Underweiser Jan 2010

A New Look At Patent Quality: Relating Patent Prosecution To Validity, Ronald J. Mann, Marian Underweiser

Ronald Mann

The paper uses two hand-collected datasets to implement a novel research design for analyzing the precursors to patent quality. Operationalizing patent "quality" as legal validity, the paper analyzes the relation between Federal Circuit decisions on patent validity and three sets of data about the patents: quantitative features of the patents themselves, textual analysis of the patent documents, and data collected from the prosecution histories of the patents. The paper finds large and statistically significant relations between ex post validity and both textual features of the patents and ex ante aspects of the prosecution history (especially prior art submissions and the …


Is Imminent Enough?: The Status Of Importation Under Section 337, Anne Marie Morris Jan 2010

Is Imminent Enough?: The Status Of Importation Under Section 337, Anne Marie Morris

Anne Marie Morris

No abstract provided.


Comparative Tales Of Origins And Access: Intellectual Property And The Rhetoric Of Social Change, Jessica M. Silbey Jan 2010

Comparative Tales Of Origins And Access: Intellectual Property And The Rhetoric Of Social Change, Jessica M. Silbey

Jessica Silbey

This Article argues that the open-source and antiexpansionist rhetoric of current intellectual-property debates is a revolution of surface rhetoric but not of deep structure. What this Article terms “the Access Movements” are, by now, well-known communities devoted to providing more access to intellectual-property-protected goods, communities such as the Open Source Initiative and Access to Knowledge. This Article engages Movement actors in their critique of the balance struck by recent law (statutes and cases) and asks whether new laws that further restrict access to intellectual property “promote the progress of science and the useful arts.” Relying on cases, statutes and recent …


The Book Of Wisdom: How To Bring A Metaphorical Flourish Into The Realm Of Economic Reality By Adopting A Market Reconstruction Requirement In The Calculation Of A Reasonable Royalty, David C. Holly Jan 2010

The Book Of Wisdom: How To Bring A Metaphorical Flourish Into The Realm Of Economic Reality By Adopting A Market Reconstruction Requirement In The Calculation Of A Reasonable Royalty, David C. Holly

David C Holly

The “book of wisdom” concept has been the source of much obfuscation and confusion in determining a reasonable royalty damage award in patent infringement cases. Some of the confusion regarding the doctrine results from the apparent binomial nature of the book of wisdom's availability--which depends on the methodological approach used to calculate the royalty award. Federal Circuit precedent indicates that the doctrine is not available when courts engage in the “analytical” method of calculating a royalty award. In contrast, there is currently confusion in Federal Circuit jurisprudence with regard to the doctrine's availability when courts utilize the more common “willing …


Sequential Musical Creation And Sample Licensing, Peter Dicola Jan 2010

Sequential Musical Creation And Sample Licensing, Peter Dicola

Faculty Working Papers

All musical creation builds on previous works. But using fragments of existing musical works in a new work can often constitute copyright infringement. Copyright law, in cases like Bridgeport Music v. Dimension Films (6th Cir. 2005), has recently increased its restrictions on musicians who wish to engage in sampling, defined as the practice of using other creators' sound recordings to create new music. The paper describes a model of copyright holders' and samplers' incentives to create in light of the need to negotiate licenses for sample-based works to avoid violating copyright law. Even in the absence of traditional transaction costs …


Federal Circuit Patent Precedent: An Empirical Study Of Institutional Authority And Ip Ideology, David Pekarek-Krohn, Emerson H. Tiller Jan 2010

Federal Circuit Patent Precedent: An Empirical Study Of Institutional Authority And Ip Ideology, David Pekarek-Krohn, Emerson H. Tiller

Faculty Working Papers

In this paper, we aim to better understand the institutional authority of the Federal Circuit as a source of law as well as the influence of pro-patent and anti-patent ideological forces at play between the Supreme Court, Federal Circuit, and the district courts. Our specific focus is on the district courts and how they cite Federal Circuit precedent relative to Supreme Court precedent to support their decisions, whether they be pro-patent or anti-patent. Using a variety of citation approaches and statistical tests, we find that federal district courts treat the Federal Circuit as more authoritative (compared to the Supreme Court) …


Statute Of Anne: Today And Tomorrow, Marshall Leaffer, Peter Jaszi, Craig Joyce, Tyler Ochoa Jan 2010

Statute Of Anne: Today And Tomorrow, Marshall Leaffer, Peter Jaszi, Craig Joyce, Tyler Ochoa

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Wikipedia And The European Union Database Directive, Jacqueline D. Lipton Jan 2010

Wikipedia And The European Union Database Directive, Jacqueline D. Lipton

Articles

“Web 2.0" and "User Generated Content (UGC)" are the new buzzwords in cyberspace. In recent years, law and policy makers have struggled to keep pace with the needs of digital natives in terms of online content control in the new participatory web culture. Much of the discourse about intellectual property rights in this context revolves around copyright law: for example, who owns copyright in works generated by multiple people, and what happens when these joint authored works borrow from existing copyright works in terms of derivative works rights and the fair use defense. Many works compiled by groups are subject …


Beyond Creativity: Copyright As Knowledge Law, Michael J. Madison Jan 2010

Beyond Creativity: Copyright As Knowledge Law, Michael J. Madison

Articles

The Supreme Court’s copyright jurisprudence of the last 100 years has embraced the creativity trope. Spurred in part by themes associated with the story of “romantic authorship” in the 19th and 20th centuries, copyright critiques likewise ask, “Who is creative?” “How should creativity be protected (or not) and encouraged (or not)?” and “ Why protect creativity?” Policy debates and scholarship in recent years have focused on the concept of creativity in framing copyright disputes, transactions, and institutions, reinforcing the notion that these are the central copyright questions. I suggest that this focus on the creativity trope is unhelpful. I argue …


Ip And Antitrust: Reformation And Harm, Christina Bohannan, Herbert J. Hovenkamp Jan 2010

Ip And Antitrust: Reformation And Harm, Christina Bohannan, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

All Faculty Scholarship

Antitrust and intellectual property law both seek to improve economic welfare by facilitating competition and investment in innovation. At various times both antitrust and IP law have wandered off this course and have become more driven by special interests. Today, antitrust and IP are on very different roads to reform. Antitrust reform began in the late 1970s with a series of Supreme Court decisions that linked the plaintiff’s harm and right to obtain a remedy to the competition - furthering goals of antitrust policy. Today, patent law has begun its own reform journey, but it is in a much earlier …