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Hydraulic fracturing

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Full-Text Articles in Law

North Carolina's Dueling Property Rights Interests: Water And Hydraulic Fracturing, Rupa Russe Oct 2020

North Carolina's Dueling Property Rights Interests: Water And Hydraulic Fracturing, Rupa Russe

NCCU Environmental Law Review

No abstract provided.


Reflection On Shale Gas Fracking Risk Assessment And Management In The United States, Yosra Abid Sep 2020

Reflection On Shale Gas Fracking Risk Assessment And Management In The United States, Yosra Abid

Washington Journal of Environmental Law & Policy

Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, is the current technology of choice for developing most shale gas reserves. This technology allows increased production of natural gas from formerly inaccessible shale formations. One of the primary environmental impacts of concern for fracking is its potential to contaminate water.

This paper focuses on the potential risks affecting the drinking-water resources throughout the complete lifecycle of a drilled and fractured well. Given the significant environmental concerns, fracking risk assessment (what we know about the risk), and fracking risk management (what we wish to do about the risk) appear to be indispensable steps for the enactment ...


Rebuilding The Texas Railroad Commission, James W. Coleman Jan 2020

Rebuilding The Texas Railroad Commission, James W. Coleman

Faculty Journal Articles and Book Chapters

This article explains how the Railroad Commission of Texas became the world’s most prominent oil and gas regulator and how it can become the world’s role model again. It explains how the Railroad Commission built the world’s modern oil and gas industry by stopping oil and gas waste and ensuring stable prices. And it describes the crisis now facing the industry—overproduction of oil and gas is wasting resources that will be worth more in the future. The United States is emerging from the biggest oil and gas boom that the world has ever seen and its ...


Abandoned But Not Forgotten: Improperly Plugged And Orphaned Wells May Pose Serious Concerns For Shale Development, Bret Wells, Tracy Hester Oct 2018

Abandoned But Not Forgotten: Improperly Plugged And Orphaned Wells May Pose Serious Concerns For Shale Development, Bret Wells, Tracy Hester

Michigan Journal of Environmental & Administrative Law

This Article addresses the intersection of oil and gas law and environmental law on a topic that has profound significance for the nation’s oil industry and for the environment. In this regard, the Permian Basin is experiencing a renaissance that has fundamentally impacted oil production in the United States. Horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing now allow the industry to produce in the Permian Basin’s unconventional shale formations in ways that were unimaginable a decade ago. But, the hot shale plays within the Permian Basin exist above conventional fields that are littered with a century’s worth of abandoned ...


Too Little Too Late: The Infeasibility Of Osha's Silica Standards In The Oil Industry, Cali M. Franks Aug 2018

Too Little Too Late: The Infeasibility Of Osha's Silica Standards In The Oil Industry, Cali M. Franks

St. Mary's Law Journal

Abstract forthcoming


“Either Secrecy, Or Legal Monopoly”: Why We Should Choose Fracking Patents, Sarah Spencer Feb 2018

“Either Secrecy, Or Legal Monopoly”: Why We Should Choose Fracking Patents, Sarah Spencer

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


Grasping For Energy Democracy, Shelley Welton Feb 2018

Grasping For Energy Democracy, Shelley Welton

Michigan Law Review

Until recently, energy law has attracted relatively little citizen participation. Instead, Americans have preferred to leave matters of energy governance to expert bureaucrats. But the imperative to respond to climate change presents energy regulators with difficult choices over what our future energy sources should be, and how quickly we should transition to them—choices that are outside traditional regulatory expertise. For example, there are currently robust nationwide debates over what role new nuclear power plants and hydraulically fractured natural gas should play in our energy mix, and over how to maintain affordable energy for all while rewarding those who choose ...


Wyoming V. Zinke, Jaclyn Van Natta Jan 2018

Wyoming V. Zinke, Jaclyn Van Natta

Public Land & Resources Law Review

In Wyoming v. Zinke, the Bureau of Land Management attempted to update a regulation governing hydraulic fracturing from the 1980s, but oil and gas industry companies opposed, and brought suit. The district court held in favor of the industry petitioners, and the Bureau of Land Management and citizen group intervenors appealed. In the wake of appeal, Donald J. Trump became President of the United States. The administration change caused the Bureau of Land Management to alter its position and align with the new administration. Secretary of the Interior, Ryan Zinke, via executive order, began rescinding the new fracking regulation, which ...


Hydraulic Fracturing Litigation: The Case Of Jessica Ernst & The Problem Of Factual Causation, Oliver Hutchinson Jan 2018

Hydraulic Fracturing Litigation: The Case Of Jessica Ernst & The Problem Of Factual Causation, Oliver Hutchinson

Canada-United States Law Journal

Modem hydraulic fracturing technology and horizontal drilling have made it possible and profitable for oil and gas companies to extract natural gas from underground shale and coal formations that would otherwise be inaccessible. Horizontal drilling, in particular, has enabled oil and gas companies to turn under-producing reservoirs into profitable extractive sites. However, despite its technological achievements and economic efficiencies, hydraulic fracturing is not without controversy. One of the main concerns is the potential for groundwater contamination. While experts disagree, the preponderance of evidence suggests that hydraulic fracturing can and has resulted in the unintended toxic contamination of nearby groundwater sources ...


Changing Tides In Water Management: Policy Options To Encourage Greater Recycling Of Fracking Wastewater, Romany M. Webb Nov 2017

Changing Tides In Water Management: Policy Options To Encourage Greater Recycling Of Fracking Wastewater, Romany M. Webb

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

The U.S. has recently experienced a domestic energy renaissance, made possible by technological advances, enabling the development of unconventional oil and gas resources. Vital to this development is hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”), whereby fluid is injected underground at high pressure to fracture the rock, thereby enabling the flow of oil and gas. Fracking has recently faced growing opposition with many concerned about its environmental impacts, particularly its potential to adversely affect water resources, because fracking uses vast amounts of fresh water that ends up as contaminated wastewater. Most of this wastewater is disposed of through underground injection, resulting in its ...


Fracturing Misconceptions: A History Of Effective State Regulation, Groundwater Protection, And The Ill-Conceived Frac Act, Wes Deweese Sep 2017

Fracturing Misconceptions: A History Of Effective State Regulation, Groundwater Protection, And The Ill-Conceived Frac Act, Wes Deweese

Oklahoma Journal of Law and Technology

No abstract provided.


What’S Shakin’? Ladra V. New Dominion, Llc: A Case Of Consequence For The Hydraulic Fracturing Industry And Those Affected By Induced Seismicity, James Patrick Logan Apr 2017

What’S Shakin’? Ladra V. New Dominion, Llc: A Case Of Consequence For The Hydraulic Fracturing Industry And Those Affected By Induced Seismicity, James Patrick Logan

Pace Environmental Law Review

This analysis is accompanied by a study of a 2015 ruling of the Supreme Court of Oklahoma, Ladra v. New Dominion, LLC. The case considered the possibility of a private tort action by homeowners against the operators of injection wells proceeding within the state’s judicial system, rather than simply being subject to review by a state regulatory agency. The court ultimately decided that the case would be allowed to continue within the judicial system instead of in front of a regulatory agency. This case, while not providing a “silver bullet” precedent with which future claimants can automatically win their ...


Defining And Closing The Hydraulic Fracturing Governance Gap, Joshua Galperin, Grace Heusner, Allison Sloto Jan 2017

Defining And Closing The Hydraulic Fracturing Governance Gap, Joshua Galperin, Grace Heusner, Allison Sloto

Articles

As recent examples in Texas and Colorado have shown, if local governments ban fracking, they risk pushback from state governments. This pushback, in turn, can result in preemption making an outright local ban on fracking self-defeating because it could ultimately result in less local control over the impacts of hydraulic fracturing. Given this potentially self-defeating nature of local fracking bans, local governments should address the impacts of fracking through more traditional local governance mechanisms that do not pose as great a risk to local authority.

On this premise, this Article seeks to make the case for the importance of, and ...


Earthquakes In The Oilpatch: The Regulatory And Legal Issues Arising Out Of Oil And Gas Operation Induced Seismicity, Monika Ehrman Dec 2016

Earthquakes In The Oilpatch: The Regulatory And Legal Issues Arising Out Of Oil And Gas Operation Induced Seismicity, Monika Ehrman

Monika U. Ehrman

There is an incredible increase in earthquake activity in traditionally non-seismically active states, such as Oklahoma, Kansas, Texas, and Ohio. In fact, Oklahoma has surpassed California to become the most seismically active state in the United States. Over the last five years, many researchers have pointed to a correlation between seismic activity and certain oil and gas operations, such as wastewater fluid injection and hydraulic fracturing. Oil and gas companies, state regulatory agencies, and local and state governments are unsure of how to proceed given that most of this activity is occurring in states with a strong and economically vested ...


Transparency And The Protection Of Trade Secrets Inthe Fracturing World: The Case For Upfrontsubstantiation And Immediate Evaluation Offracturing Fluid Trade Secret Claims In Louisiana, Marcus Adams Aug 2016

Transparency And The Protection Of Trade Secrets Inthe Fracturing World: The Case For Upfrontsubstantiation And Immediate Evaluation Offracturing Fluid Trade Secret Claims In Louisiana, Marcus Adams

LSU Journal of Energy Law and Resources

No abstract provided.


Frac To The Future: The Application Of The Sdwa To Biodiesel Use In Hydraulic Fracturing, Daniel Alcanzare Aug 2016

Frac To The Future: The Application Of The Sdwa To Biodiesel Use In Hydraulic Fracturing, Daniel Alcanzare

LSU Journal of Energy Law and Resources

No abstract provided.


Inquiry Into The Implementation Of Bush’S Executive Order 13211 And The Impact On Environmental And Public Health Regulation, Elizabeth Ann Glass Geltman, Gunwant Gill, Miriam Jovanovic Apr 2016

Inquiry Into The Implementation Of Bush’S Executive Order 13211 And The Impact On Environmental And Public Health Regulation, Elizabeth Ann Glass Geltman, Gunwant Gill, Miriam Jovanovic

Publications and Research

Executive Order 13211, promulgated in 2001, requires the federal government to consider the impact of federal action on energy independence as part of the George W. Bush’s National Energy Policy. This law review examines whether EO 13211 was used to curtail environmental protection and natural resource conservation. The article begins with a review of the procedure required of federal agencies under EO 13211 and its associated documents. The paper then examines case law and published federal rulemaking proceedings and examines how federal agencies apply tests to evaluate the potential energy effect. The study concludes that EO 13211 strikes a ...


Managing Unconventional Oil And Gas Development As If Communities Mattered, Mark Squillace Jan 2016

Managing Unconventional Oil And Gas Development As If Communities Mattered, Mark Squillace

Articles

The advent of horizontal oil and gas drilling into relatively impermeable shale rock, and the companion technological breakthrough of high-pressure, multi-stage fracking that frees hydrocarbons along the substantial length of these horizontal wells, has fundamentally altered the oil and gas industry. The Energy Information Administration has gone so far as to predict that North America could become a net energy exporter as early as 2019, largely as a result of the explosive growth of this “unconventional” oil and gas development. Despite its promise, managing unconventional oil and gas development has proved challenging, and many of the communities that find themselves ...


The Bureau Of Land Management's Finalized Hydraulic Fracturing Rule On Tribal Lands: A Responsibility Or Intrusion?, Kerstie B. Moran Jan 2016

The Bureau Of Land Management's Finalized Hydraulic Fracturing Rule On Tribal Lands: A Responsibility Or Intrusion?, Kerstie B. Moran

American Indian Law Review

No abstract provided.


Transmission And Transport Of Energy In The Western U.S. And Canada: A Law And Policy Road Map, K. K. Duvivier, Nate Larsen, Nick Lawton, Sam Kalen, Stephen R. Miller, Melissa Powers, Tara Kathleen Righetti, Troy A. Rule, Amelia Schlusser Jan 2016

Transmission And Transport Of Energy In The Western U.S. And Canada: A Law And Policy Road Map, K. K. Duvivier, Nate Larsen, Nick Lawton, Sam Kalen, Stephen R. Miller, Melissa Powers, Tara Kathleen Righetti, Troy A. Rule, Amelia Schlusser

Sturm College of Law: Faculty Scholarship

This collection of short essays arose from the inaugural meeting of the Idaho Symposium on Energy in the West, which was held in November, 2014. The topic for this first Symposium was Transmission and Transport of Energy in the Western U.S. and Canada: A Law and Policy Road Map. The essays in this collection provide a notable introduction to the major energy issues facing the West today. Topics include: building a resilient legal architecture for western energy production; natural gas flaring; transmission planning for wind energy; utilities and rooftop solar; special considerations for western states and the Clean Power ...


Oil & Gas Drilling In National Parks, Elizabeth Ann Glass Geltman Jan 2016

Oil & Gas Drilling In National Parks, Elizabeth Ann Glass Geltman

Publications and Research

While a great deal of public attention addresses the Halliburton loophole of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and Bureau of Land Management efforts to regulate hydraulic fracturing on public lands, less attention has been paid to the National Park Service “9B Regulations,” which provide a national regulatory framework governing the exercise of nonfederal oil and gas rights in national parks. This article begins with a review of law pertaining to oil and gas drilling in national parks. The article examines the tension in striking a balance between environmental protection, conservation of national lands and achieving energy independence, including National ...


Impact Of Executive Order 13211 On Environmental Regulation: An Empirical Study, Elizabeth Ann Glass Geltman Dec 2015

Impact Of Executive Order 13211 On Environmental Regulation: An Empirical Study, Elizabeth Ann Glass Geltman

Publications and Research

A great deal has been written about the Energy Policy Act of 2005 exempting oil and gas operations using hydraulic fracturing from the purview of certain federal environmental laws. Far less attention has been paid to George W. Bush’s Executive Order 13211 (EO 13211), entitled “Actions Concerning Regulations that Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution or Use.” The executive order requires federal agencies to evaluate the impact of federal regulations on “supply, distribution and use of energy.” This study examined the impact of EO 13211 on United States environmental and conservation regulations proposed and promulgated by federal agencies. The study ...


Wyoming V. United States Department Of Interior, Keatan J. Williams Dec 2015

Wyoming V. United States Department Of Interior, Keatan J. Williams

Public Land & Resources Law Review

In a scathing opinion, the United States District Court for the District of Wyoming granted a motion for preliminary injunction, effectively blocking the BLM’s new Fracking Rule from being implemented on federal and tribal lands in the United States. The court held not only was the BLM’s new rule likely arbitrary and capricious, but the department lacked the authority to regulate fracking. The opinion relied on the Safe Drinking Water Act and the Energy Policy Act to determine that Congress explicitly removed fracking from federal regulation. Pending an appeal, the new Fracking Rule will not be implemented.


Law Library Blog (October 2015): Legal Beagle's Blog Archive, Roger Williams University School Of Law Oct 2015

Law Library Blog (October 2015): Legal Beagle's Blog Archive, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Law Library Newsletters/Blog

No abstract provided.


The Future Of Fracking In England: A Comparative Legal Analysis, Brian Easley Aug 2015

The Future Of Fracking In England: A Comparative Legal Analysis, Brian Easley

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


What The Frack? How Weak Industrial Disclosure Rules Prevent Public Understanding Of Chemical Practices And Toxic Politics, Benjamin W. Cramer Jun 2015

What The Frack? How Weak Industrial Disclosure Rules Prevent Public Understanding Of Chemical Practices And Toxic Politics, Benjamin W. Cramer

Benjamin W. Cramer

Hydraulic fracturing, known colloquially as “fracking,” makes use of chemically-formulated fluid that is forced down a gas well at great pressure to fracture underground rock formations and release embedded natural gas. Many journalists, environmentalists, and public health advocates are concerned about what may happen if the fracking fluid escapes the well and contaminates nearby drinking water supplies. This article attempts a comprehensive analysis and comparison of all relevant fracking fluid disclosure regulations currently extant in the United States, and considers whether the information gained is truly useful for citizens, journalists, and regulators. In recent years the federal government and several ...


Hydraulic Fracturing: Can Local Governments Authorities Regulate Fracking In Nigeria?, Oluwaseun Viyon Ojo, Olumide Obayemi Mar 2015

Hydraulic Fracturing: Can Local Governments Authorities Regulate Fracking In Nigeria?, Oluwaseun Viyon Ojo, Olumide Obayemi

Oluwaseun Viyon Ojo

If, and when Nigeria adopts unconventional oil extraction methods such as hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) system as a means of oil extraction in Nigeria, all stakeholders must resolve the following questions: What measures of legal and institutional regulations should Nigerian stakeholders adopt? How the environmental and economic impacts of fracking be adequately measured and assessed in Nigeria? Will the adoption of fracking methods in oil extraction activities in Nigeria make oil exploration safer? And, whether the proposed Nigerian Petroleum Industry Bill (“PIB”) which aims to comprehensively regulate the Nigerian Oil and Gas sector, contains sufficient provisions to cover fracking? Finally, how ...


How Local Is Local?: A Response To Professor David B. Spence's The Political Economy Of Local Vetoes, Joshua P. Fershee Feb 2015

How Local Is Local?: A Response To Professor David B. Spence's The Political Economy Of Local Vetoes, Joshua P. Fershee

Joshua P Fershee

Professor Fershee responds to Professor David B. Spence’s article about local hydraulic fracturing bans: The Political Economy of Local Vetoes, 93 Texas L. Rev. 351 (2015). Professor Spence notes that the shale oil and gas debate provides an example of “an age-old political problem that the law is called upon to solve: the conflict between an intensely held minority viewpoint and a less intense, contrary view held by the majority.” In resolving such conflicts, Spence suggests that courts should resolve such “conflicts in ways that encourage states and local governments to regulate in ways that weigh both the costs ...


Social License To Operate: Hydraulic Fracturing-Related Challenges Facing The Oil & Gas Industry, Don C. Smith, Jessica Marie Richards Jan 2015

Social License To Operate: Hydraulic Fracturing-Related Challenges Facing The Oil & Gas Industry, Don C. Smith, Jessica Marie Richards

Sturm College of Law: Faculty Scholarship

The crossroads of urban development and improved technology allowing oil and gas development in new areas can result in contentious community issues. The debate over one of the improved technologies – i.e., hydraulic fracturing – can be highly emotional. Consequently, industry must address community issues, earning trust and therefore a “social license to operate.” This paper provides fundamental knowledge of the social license to operate concept, validates its application to the oil and gas industry, particularly with respect to shale gas development, discusses the current status of social license in the unconventional development sphere, analyzes current ongoing efforts for shale gas ...


The Superagency Solution, K. K. Duvivier Jan 2015

The Superagency Solution, K. K. Duvivier

Sturm College of Law: Faculty Scholarship

In many parts of the country, hydraulic fracturing has brought energy development onto people’s doorsteps. Efforts by local governments to employ traditional land use mechanisms to study and mitigate some of the impacts of these latest intrusions have erupted into battles over the scope of statewide agencies’ control.

Forgotten in this fray are many renewable energy resources. As a general rule, they are not subject to statewide oversight, and consequently renewable energy providers must navigate the myriad of siting and permitting requirements of local jurisdictions. For several years, scholars have urged more statewide renewable energy siting procedures to level ...