Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Full faith and credit

Discipline
Institution
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 57

Full-Text Articles in Law

What Happens In State Court Stays In State Court Comity And The Relitigation Exception To The Anti-Injunction Act, Juan Antonio Solis, Rory Ryan Jan 2021

What Happens In State Court Stays In State Court Comity And The Relitigation Exception To The Anti-Injunction Act, Juan Antonio Solis, Rory Ryan

FIU Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Continuing Evolution Of U.S. Judgments Recognition Law, Ronald A. Brand Jan 2017

The Continuing Evolution Of U.S. Judgments Recognition Law, Ronald A. Brand

Articles

The substantive law of judgments recognition in the United States has evolved from federal common law, found in a seminal Supreme Court opinion, to primary reliance on state law in both state and federal courts. While state law often is found in a local version of a uniform act, this has not brought about true uniformity, and significant discrepancies exist among the states. These discrepancies in judgments recognition law, combined with a common policy on the circulation of internal judgments under the United States Constitution’s Full Faith and Credit Clause, have created opportunities for forum shopping and litigation strategies that …


Conflicts Originalism: The "Original Content" Of The Full Faith And Credit Clause And The Compulsory Choice Of Marriage Law, J. Sephen Clark Dec 2015

Conflicts Originalism: The "Original Content" Of The Full Faith And Credit Clause And The Compulsory Choice Of Marriage Law, J. Sephen Clark

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


Transnational Class Actions In The Shadow Of Preclusion, Zachary D. Clopton Oct 2015

Transnational Class Actions In The Shadow Of Preclusion, Zachary D. Clopton

Indiana Law Journal

The American class action is a procedural tool that advances substantive law values such as deterrence, compensation, and fairness. Opt-out class actions in particular achieve these goals by aggregating claims not only of active participants but also passive plaintiffs. Full faith and credit then extends the preclusive effect of class judgments to other U.S. courts. But there is no international full faith and credit obligation, and many foreign courts will not treat U.S. class judgments as binding on passive plaintiffs. Therefore, some plaintiffs may be able to wait until the U.S. class action is resolved before either joining the U.S. …


The Recognition And Enforcement Of Foreign Country Judgments And Arbitral Awards: A North-South Perspective, Michael Quilling May 2015

The Recognition And Enforcement Of Foreign Country Judgments And Arbitral Awards: A North-South Perspective, Michael Quilling

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Modern Reformation: An Overview Of New York’S Domestic Relations Law Overhaul, Meaghan E. Howard Oct 2013

Modern Reformation: An Overview Of New York’S Domestic Relations Law Overhaul, Meaghan E. Howard

Touro Law Review

With nearly half of all first time marriages ending in divorce, there is no wonder that legal reform in the area of domestic relations law has recently taken the State of New York by storm. New York held onto the relic of fault-based divorce for an unusually long period of time, in part due to notions of marital sanctity and reinforcement of the traditional nuclear family. On the other hand, the State, after succumbing to the battle over no-fault divorce, quickly adopted a progressive social and legislative policy by validating the desire of same-sex couples to marry.


Enforcing Tribal And State Court Civil Judgments In California, Jeremy Freedman Sep 2013

Enforcing Tribal And State Court Civil Judgments In California, Jeremy Freedman

Jeremy Freedman

The purpose of this Note is to bring to light the growing need for a reciprocal approach to cross-jurisdictional enforcement of civil money judgments between California State and Indian tribal courts. In analyzing the issues with enforcement of civil judgments, this Note provides a practical solution that balances comity, sovereign immunity and the need to develop reciprocal solutions to problems created by two societies closely tied to each other. In order to resolve the growing issues affecting state and tribal courts, it is necessary to require reciprocity for enforcement of civil judgments.

Public Law 280 and principles of comity create …


Ending Judgment Arbitrage: Jurisdictional Competition And The Enforcement Of Foreign Money Judgments In The United States, Gregory Shill Jan 2013

Ending Judgment Arbitrage: Jurisdictional Competition And The Enforcement Of Foreign Money Judgments In The United States, Gregory Shill

Gregory Shill

Recent multi-billion-dollar damage awards issued by foreign courts against large American companies have focused attention on the once-obscure, patchwork system of enforcing foreign-country judgments in the United States. That system’s structural problems are even more serious than its critics have charged. However, the leading proposals for reform overlook the positive potential embedded in its design.

In the United States, no treaty or federal law controls the domestication of foreign judgments; the process is instead governed by state law. Although they are often conflated in practice, the procedure consists of two formally and conceptually distinct stages: foreign judgments must first be …


The Case For 'Expanding' The Abstention Doctrine To Account For The Laws And Policies Of The American Indian Tribes, Jay Kanassatega Jul 2012

The Case For 'Expanding' The Abstention Doctrine To Account For The Laws And Policies Of The American Indian Tribes, Jay Kanassatega

Jay Kanassatega

The origination and evolution of the abstention doctrine illustrates how the United States Supreme Court has created a workable balance of concurrent federal-state judicial power in circumstances where state law and state policies predominated and accommodated vital federal policy interests. Acknowledging the recent debate among scholars and commentators as to the wisdom of the abstention doctrine, this article advocates in favor of the creation of another application of the doctrine — one that acknowledges both the sovereignty of the American Indian tribes and their democratic governments and the inherent conflict arising from three sovereigns exercising concurrent jurisdiction over the same …


I Do. Is That Okay With You?: A Look At How Most States Are Circumventing The Full Faith And Credit Clause And Equal Protection Clause To Not Recognize Legal Same-Sex Marriages From Other States And Its Effect On Society, Rebecca Hameroff Jan 2012

I Do. Is That Okay With You?: A Look At How Most States Are Circumventing The Full Faith And Credit Clause And Equal Protection Clause To Not Recognize Legal Same-Sex Marriages From Other States And Its Effect On Society, Rebecca Hameroff

Florida A & M University Law Review

Due to statutes, bans, and the Federal Defense of Marriage Act, states do not have to recognize legal same-sex marriages from sister states that recognize same-sex marriage. This paper examines the denial of the fundamental right to marriage for same-sex couples, the violation of the Full Faith and Credit Clause of Article IV, Section 1 of the United States Constitution and Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution by not recognizing same-sex marriages legally performed in other states. It starts by looking at the impact these practices have on same-sex couples and the toll it …


The Unconstitutionality Of Oklahoma's Sq 755 And Other Provisions Like It That Bar State Courts From Considering International Law, Penny M. Venetis Jan 2011

The Unconstitutionality Of Oklahoma's Sq 755 And Other Provisions Like It That Bar State Courts From Considering International Law, Penny M. Venetis

Cleveland State Law Review

This paper will discuss SQ 755's many legal deficiencies, focusing primarily on its constitutional infirmities. First, SQ 755 is a clear violation of the Supremacy Clause of Article VI of the U.S. Constitution. The prohibition on looking to international law requires that Oklahoma courts disregard U.S. treaty obligations, and the law of nations (also known as customary international law), which are all binding on American courts. Second, SQ 755 unconstitutionally limits a state's duty to give full faith and credit to the judicial decisions of other states. The law is clear that no state has the authority to condition its …


New York Recognition Of A Legal Status For Same-Sex Couples: A Rapidly Developing Story, Arthur S. Leonard Jan 2010

New York Recognition Of A Legal Status For Same-Sex Couples: A Rapidly Developing Story, Arthur S. Leonard

Articles & Chapters

In New York State at the beginning of 2010, same-sex couples cannot get married but can be married. The state’s highest court, the Court of Appeals, construed the state’s marriage law in 2006 to prohibit state officials from issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples, but said nothing in that decision about whether same-sex couples married outside the state would be considered married when they were in the state. In February 2008, an intermediate appeals court in Rochester ruled that New York’s marriage recognition law supported extending comity to a same-sex marriage performed in Canada, and several other appellate courts have …


Life After Doma, Mark Strasser Jul 2009

Life After Doma, Mark Strasser

Mark Strasser

During the 2008 presidential campaign, President Obama expressed his support for the repeal of one or both provisions of the Federal Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) and, further, each of these provisions seems constitutionally vulnerable. Given the distinct possibility that DOMA’s days are numbered, the legal ramifications of its repeal or invalidation should be explored. This essay addresses what DOMA does, and what would happen were it no longer to exist. While the fears that allegedly prompted its passage in the first place would not be realized, the repeal or invalidation of one provision of DOMA will nonetheless have important …


Full Faith And Credit In The Early Congress, Stephen E. Sachs Jan 2009

Full Faith And Credit In The Early Congress, Stephen E. Sachs

Stephen E. Sachs

After more than 200 years, the Full Faith and Credit Clause remains poorly understood. The Clause first issues a self-executing command (that "Full Faith and Credit shall be given"), and then empowers Congress to prescribe the manner of proof and the "Effect" of state records in other states. But if states must accord each other full faith and credit-and if nothing could be more than full-then what "Effect" could Congress give state records that they wouldn't have already? And conversely, how could Congress in any way reduce or alter the faith and credit that is due? This Article seeks to …


Same-Sex Relationships And The Full Faith And Credit Clause: Reducing America To The Lowest Common Denominator, Rena M. Lindevaldsen Jan 2009

Same-Sex Relationships And The Full Faith And Credit Clause: Reducing America To The Lowest Common Denominator, Rena M. Lindevaldsen

Rena M Lindevaldsen

This Article examines the legal and policy implications that arise when a state that expressly prohibits recognition or enforcement of any rights arising from a same-sex relationship is confronted with a request to register and enforce a child custody order issued by another state that gives custody or visitation rights to a biological mother’s former same-sex partner. As more states confer marital rights to same-sex couples, this issue will occur with increasing frequency. The first reported case in the nation to address the issue, Miller-Jenkins v. Miller-Jenkins, has garnered attention from the national media, including a cover story in the …


Are You Still My Mother? Interstate Recognition Of Adoptions By Gays And Lesbians, Rhonda Wasserman Oct 2008

Are You Still My Mother? Interstate Recognition Of Adoptions By Gays And Lesbians, Rhonda Wasserman

Rhonda Wasserman

Parents and their biological children routinely cross state borders safe in the assumption that the parent-child relationship will be recognized wherever they go. The central issue raised in this Article is whether the law guarantees parents and their adopted children the same security if the parents are gay. This question is part of a broader debate about the obligation of states to recognize changes in family status effected under the laws of other states, such as same-sex marriages and migratory divorces. The debate is divisive because it pits the family against the state; one state against another; and the needs …


Chasing Queers: The Radicalism Of Conservative Legal Attacks On Lesbians And Gay Men, William B. Turner May 2008

Chasing Queers: The Radicalism Of Conservative Legal Attacks On Lesbians And Gay Men, William B. Turner

William B Turner

This article explores efforts by conservative activists to use preposterous legal arguments as the basis for their on-going efforts to attack the legal rights of lesbians and gay men. Individually, these cases are easy to overlook, partly because most of them are state cases. Also, one does not usually think of the legal issues involved -- standing, intervention, full faith and credit -- as civil rights issues. This article draws attention to these cases in order to illuminate the similarities among them in terms of conservative attacks on lesbians and gay men.


Are You Still My Mother?: Interstate Recognition Of Adoptions By Gays And Lesbians, Rhonda Wasserman Jan 2008

Are You Still My Mother?: Interstate Recognition Of Adoptions By Gays And Lesbians, Rhonda Wasserman

Articles

Parents and their biological children routinely cross state borders safe in the assumption that the parent-child relationship will be recognized wherever they go. The central issue raised in this Article is whether the law guarantees parents and their adopted children the same security if the parents are gay. This question is part of a broader debate about the obligation of states to recognize changes in family status effected under the laws of other states, such as same-sex marriages and migratory divorces. The debate is divisive because it pits the family against the state; one state against another; and the needs …


The Convicted Felon As A Guardian: Considering The Alternatives Of Potential Guardians With Less-Than-Perfect Records, Mike Jorgensen Aug 2006

The Convicted Felon As A Guardian: Considering The Alternatives Of Potential Guardians With Less-Than-Perfect Records, Mike Jorgensen

ExpressO

Courts require discretion in appointing guardians. Oftentimes, the legislature prevents the courts from exercising discretion when statutes are enacted that prohibit felons from serving as guardians under any circumstances. Yet, the need for guardians is increasing and will continue to do so due to the exponential growth in the aging elder population.

At the same time, however, the pool of potential guardians is shrinking in size. Additionally, the same reducing pool of eligible guardians is being attenuated further by having a disproportionate amount of felonies.

The groups most impacted by these trends are the indigent and the minorities. The indigent …


Same-Sex Marriage In New York, Lewis A. Silverman Aug 2006

Same-Sex Marriage In New York, Lewis A. Silverman

Journal of Race, Gender, and Ethnicity

No abstract provided.


Takings Cases In The October 2004 Term (Symposium: The Seventeenth Annual Supreme Court Review), Leon D. Lazer Jan 2006

Takings Cases In The October 2004 Term (Symposium: The Seventeenth Annual Supreme Court Review), Leon D. Lazer

Scholarly Works

No abstract provided.


Second-Parent Adoptions: Are They Entitled To Full Faith And Credit, Lisa S. Chen Jan 2005

Second-Parent Adoptions: Are They Entitled To Full Faith And Credit, Lisa S. Chen

Santa Clara Law Review

No abstract provided.


Full Faith And Credit Clause: A Defense To Nationwide Class Action Certification ?, Michele Connell Jan 2003

Full Faith And Credit Clause: A Defense To Nationwide Class Action Certification ?, Michele Connell

Case Western Reserve Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Muddy Boundaries Between Res Judicata And Full Faith And Credit, Stewart E. Sterk Jan 2001

The Muddy Boundaries Between Res Judicata And Full Faith And Credit, Stewart E. Sterk

Washington and Lee Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Defense Of Marriage Act: How Congress Said No To Full Faith And Credit And The Constitution, James M. Patten Jan 1998

The Defense Of Marriage Act: How Congress Said No To Full Faith And Credit And The Constitution, James M. Patten

Santa Clara Law Review

No abstract provided.


Comparativist Ruminations From The Bayou On Child Custody Jurisdiction: The Uccja, The Pkpa, And The Hague Convention On Child Abduction, Christopher L. Blakesley Jan 1998

Comparativist Ruminations From The Bayou On Child Custody Jurisdiction: The Uccja, The Pkpa, And The Hague Convention On Child Abduction, Christopher L. Blakesley

Scholarly Works

Interstate and international jurisdictional problems are often vexing. They are worse in matters of child custody. In the past, jurisdiction to obtain custody or to modify a custody decree required only presence or domicile. The United States population is transient and custody decisions are subject to modification. The volatility of child custody disputes and the tendency of parents to move to different and separate jurisdictions traditionally caused and continue to cause difficult problems for children, parents, and the legal system. Before the promulgation of the Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Act (UCCJA) and the Parental Kidnapping Prevention Act (PKPA), it was …


The "Defenseless" Marriage Act: The Constitutionality Of The Defense Of Marriage Act As An Extension Of Congressional Power Under The Full Faith And Credit Clause, Jennie R. Shuki-Kunze Jan 1998

The "Defenseless" Marriage Act: The Constitutionality Of The Defense Of Marriage Act As An Extension Of Congressional Power Under The Full Faith And Credit Clause, Jennie R. Shuki-Kunze

Case Western Reserve Law Review

No abstract provided.


Doma As A Defensible Exercise Of Congressional Power Under The Full-Faith-And-Credit Clause, Timothy Joseph Keefer Sep 1997

Doma As A Defensible Exercise Of Congressional Power Under The Full-Faith-And-Credit Clause, Timothy Joseph Keefer

Washington and Lee Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Iron Law Of Full Faith And Credit, William L. Reynolds Jan 1994

The Iron Law Of Full Faith And Credit, William L. Reynolds

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


Starting Down The Road To Reform: Kentucky's New Long-Arm Statute For Family Obligations, Louise Everett Graham Jan 1993

Starting Down The Road To Reform: Kentucky's New Long-Arm Statute For Family Obligations, Louise Everett Graham

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

Kentucky has long needed a comprehensive family law provision for its long-arm statute. Before the general long-arm statute was amended by the 1992 General Assembly, it addressed only a narrow class of paternity cases among its specific jurisdictional provisions, ignoring the need for long-arm jurisdiction in other domestic relations cases. A second long-arm statute provided jurisdiction over some nonresidents to establish or enforce child support obligations. In the contexts of divorce and child support, Kentucky's failure to claim constitutionally available jurisdiction deprived Kentucky residents of important protection.

Recent amendments to Kentucky statutes fill previous gaps and expand Kentucky's jurisdiction in …