Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

First Amendment

2000

Discipline
Institution
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 32

Full-Text Articles in Law

Communications Media And The First Amendment: A Viewpoint-Neutral Fcc Is Not Too Much To Ask For, Helgi Walker Dec 2000

Communications Media And The First Amendment: A Viewpoint-Neutral Fcc Is Not Too Much To Ask For, Helgi Walker

Federal Communications Law Journal

In the "new economy" driven by the telecommunications industry, the FCC is a busy agency. Given the myriad legal issues faced daily by agency decisionmakers and the lack of perfect clarity in major communications legislation, a few legal missteps here and there by the FCC might be expected. In one area, however, the public can and should demand a first-rate agency record: regulation of communications media without regard to the viewpoint expressed via that media, as the First Amendment requires. This Article offers two case studies in which the FCC arguably took viewpoint-discriminatory actions with regard to regulated broadcasters, and …


Privacy Versus The First Amendment: A Skeptical Approach, Solveig Singleton Dec 2000

Privacy Versus The First Amendment: A Skeptical Approach, Solveig Singleton

Fordham Intellectual Property, Media and Entertainment Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Panel I: The Conflict Between Commercial Speech And Legislation Governing The Commercialization Of Public Sector Data, Robert Sherman, Paul Schwartz, Deirdre Mulligan, Steven Emmert Dec 2000

Panel I: The Conflict Between Commercial Speech And Legislation Governing The Commercialization Of Public Sector Data, Robert Sherman, Paul Schwartz, Deirdre Mulligan, Steven Emmert

Fordham Intellectual Property, Media and Entertainment Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Panel Ii: The Conflict Between Commercial Speech And Legislation Governing The Commercialization Of Private Sector Data, Jennifer Barrett, Evan Hendricks, Solveig Singleton, David Sobel Dec 2000

Panel Ii: The Conflict Between Commercial Speech And Legislation Governing The Commercialization Of Private Sector Data, Jennifer Barrett, Evan Hendricks, Solveig Singleton, David Sobel

Fordham Intellectual Property, Media and Entertainment Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Introduction To Keynote Address, John D. Feerick Dec 2000

Introduction To Keynote Address, John D. Feerick

Fordham Intellectual Property, Media and Entertainment Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Purveyors Of Hate On The Internet: Are We Ready For Hate Spam?, Elizabeth Phillips Marsh Dec 2000

Purveyors Of Hate On The Internet: Are We Ready For Hate Spam?, Elizabeth Phillips Marsh

Georgia State University Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Application Of Product Liability Principles To Publishers Of Violent Or Sexually Explicit Material, Richard C. Ausness Jul 2000

The Application Of Product Liability Principles To Publishers Of Violent Or Sexually Explicit Material, Richard C. Ausness

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

There have been a number of tragic incidents during the past few years in which mentally unstable teenagers have carried guns into school and shot teachers and fellow students. These schoolyard killings have generated an intense debate about the problem of violence in our society. Some social commentators have attributed teenage violence to the widespread availability of firearms, while others blame parental neglect, lack of discipline in the schools, or the declining influence of religion and morality in contemporary culture. However, another source of concern is the popular media, which stands accused of purveying sex and violence on a massive …


Expressive Commerce In Cyberspace: Public Goods, Network Effects, And Free Speech, Daniel C. Farber Jun 2000

Expressive Commerce In Cyberspace: Public Goods, Network Effects, And Free Speech, Daniel C. Farber

Georgia State University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Internet Speech And The First Amendment Rights Of Public School Students, Leora Harpaz Jan 2000

Internet Speech And The First Amendment Rights Of Public School Students, Leora Harpaz

Faculty Scholarship

In exploring the range of the First Amendment issues raised by school efforts to discipline students for Internet activities, this Article first examines Supreme Court and lower court precedent involving student speech outside of the Internet context. It then looks at Beussink, the first reported decision to involve discipline of a student for Internet speech. It also discusses other Internet situations in which schools have sought to impose sanctions on students. In its final section, it applies free speech methodology to a range of Internet situations. This exploration identifies some situations where a school is free to control speech that …


The Impact Of Florida Statute 800.03 On Local Regulation Of Nude Dancing Facilities., Stephen Durden Jan 2000

The Impact Of Florida Statute 800.03 On Local Regulation Of Nude Dancing Facilities., Stephen Durden

Stephen Durden

Local governments throughout the country have enacted adult entertainment codes regulating, among other things, massage parlors, adult movie theaters, adult video stores and adult toy stores. Local governments have not forgotten live performances particularly nude or topless dancing. Regulations throughout the country require facilities to get licenses before they operate; require that the dancers get licenses; regulate the location of these facilities; and regulate their interiors. These regulations are often challenged, with the challenge being based on the First Amendment. The assumption behind all these cases is that the First Amendment protects nude dancing. That assumption is now unassailable but …


Religion And Education: Whither The Establishment Clause?, Martha Mccarthy Jan 2000

Religion And Education: Whither The Establishment Clause?, Martha Mccarthy

Indiana Law Journal

Symposium: Religious Liberty at the Dawn of a New Millennium held at Indiana University School of Law-Bloomington on April 9, 1999.


Tort Liability, Religious Entities, And The Decline Of Constitutional Protection, Scott C. Idleman Jan 2000

Tort Liability, Religious Entities, And The Decline Of Constitutional Protection, Scott C. Idleman

Indiana Law Journal

Symposium: Religious Liberty at the Dawn of a New Millennium held at Indiana University School of Law-Bloomington on April 9, 1999.


First Amendment & Goal: High School Recruiting And The State Actor Theory, David W. Dulabon Jan 2000

First Amendment & Goal: High School Recruiting And The State Actor Theory, David W. Dulabon

Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment & Technology Law

After hearing the arguments of both sides, the District Court for Middle Tennessee held that the recruiting rule violates the First Amendment, making the sanctions imposed by the TSSAA on Brentwood Academy void and unenforceable. On appeal, the Sixth Circuit failed to address the First Amendment issue due to its holding that the TSSAA did not constitute a state actor for constitutional law purposes. The Sixth Circuit concluded that the TSSAA's actions are not fairly attributable to the state of Tennessee. The court also noted that Brentwood Academy's purely voluntary association with the TSSAA prevented the private high school from …


"We Do Not Preach, We Teach.": Religion Professors And The First Amendment, Leslie C. Griffin Jan 2000

"We Do Not Preach, We Teach.": Religion Professors And The First Amendment, Leslie C. Griffin

Scholarly Works

No abstract provided.


The "Watchman For Truth": Professional Licensing And The First Amendment, Robert Kry Jan 2000

The "Watchman For Truth": Professional Licensing And The First Amendment, Robert Kry

Seattle University Law Review

This Article addresses a particular aspect of many kinds of professional practice: the rendering of advice to clients. Drawing on their knowledge and experience, professionals may recommend a certain course of action to their clients in the course of their practice. The client may then assess the recommendation and decide whether or not to act on it. This aspect of professional practice involves a speech-related activity, so government regulation might raise at least a colorable First Amendment issue. This Article also focuses on a particular aspect of the regulation of professional advice, namely, licensure. When professional advice rendering activities are …


Recalibrating The Cost Of Harm Advocacy: Getting Beyond Brandenburg, S. Elizabeth Malloy, Ronald Krotoszynski Jr Jan 2000

Recalibrating The Cost Of Harm Advocacy: Getting Beyond Brandenburg, S. Elizabeth Malloy, Ronald Krotoszynski Jr

Faculty Articles and Other Publications

This Article explores the possibility of shifting the cost of antisocial acts to artists, writers, and musicians when individuals decide to act on a creative artist's suggestions or, in some cases, detailed directions. The Article concludes that, at least in some limited circumstances, the First Amendment should not preclude the imposition of civil liability for those who write and distribute speech that both advocates and facilitates harm to others and proposes the creation of a new category of unprotected speech activity called Harm Advocacy.


The First Amendment's Petition Clause As An Alternative Basis For Challenging Voter Initiatives That Burden The Enactment Of Anti-Discrimination Protection For Gays, Lesbians, And Bisexuals, Kevin Francis O'Neill Jan 2000

The First Amendment's Petition Clause As An Alternative Basis For Challenging Voter Initiatives That Burden The Enactment Of Anti-Discrimination Protection For Gays, Lesbians, And Bisexuals, Kevin Francis O'Neill

Cleveland State Law Review

The purpose of my remarks today is to suggest that the First Amendment-specifically, the Petition Clause of the First Amendment provides an alternative basis for vindicating gay, lesbian, and bisexual rights in certain cases. At least in the context of voter initiatives that seek to abolish anti-discrimination protection for sexual orientation, the Petition Clause is a promising alternative to equal protection and substantive due process. My objective here was merely to plant a seed: to identify an alternative basis for vindicating the rights of gays, lesbians, and bisexuals-especially when combatting homophobic voter initiatives like those in Romer and Cincinnati. It's …


Common Ground: Robert Jackson, Antonin Scalia, And A Power Theory Of The First Amendment, Jay S. Bybee Jan 2000

Common Ground: Robert Jackson, Antonin Scalia, And A Power Theory Of The First Amendment, Jay S. Bybee

Scholarly Works

There are few cases that contrast more starkly than Justice Robert Jackson's opinion for the Court in West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette and Justice Antonin Scalia's majority opinion in Employment Division v. Smith. Although we praise Barnette for its soaring defense of the Free Speech Clause and excoriate Smith for its crabbed reading of the Free Exercise Clause, in fact, Justice Jackson and Justice Scalia are not so far apart. When we read Barnette and Smith in context, we will find that Justice Jackson and Justice Scalia treaded common ground with respect to the First Amendment. …


First Amendment Freedoms And The Encryption Export Battle: Deciphering The Importance Of Bernstein V. United States Department Of Justice, 176 F.3d 1132 (9th Cir. 1999), David Mcclure Jan 2000

First Amendment Freedoms And The Encryption Export Battle: Deciphering The Importance Of Bernstein V. United States Department Of Justice, 176 F.3d 1132 (9th Cir. 1999), David Mcclure

Scholarly Works

For many years, a battle has raged over export restrictions on strong encryption products. Encryption ensures confidential and secure communications among individuals, and the Commerce Department and the State Department have long restricted its export because of national security concerns. Industry and privacy groups have fought against the restrictions for various reasons, ranging from the desire to sell encryption software in new markets to preventing government from accessing personal communications between individuals. Daniel Bernstein, a computer science graduate student, challenged these restrictions in 1996, placing himself in the center of this ongoing battle. In 1999, the Ninth Circuit Court of …


Concerts: Rated Or Raided? First Amendment Implications Of Concert-Rating, Deborah Cazan Jan 2000

Concerts: Rated Or Raided? First Amendment Implications Of Concert-Rating, Deborah Cazan

Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment & Technology Law

This Note examines the constitutionality as well as practicality of two different concert-rating statutes. San Antonio ordinance 61,850, the first attempt at concert-rating, has never been challenged constitutionally. This Note asserts that if the ordinance were challenged, the Court would find it constitutionally valid on its face, despite the possibility of unconstitutional applications. However, some unconstitutional consequences remain. The second statute examined is one recently proposed by Senator Shugars in the Michigan state legislature. Like the San Antonio ordinance, this Note concludes that Senate Bill 239 would also withstand a constitutional challenge.

This Note examines the history and structure of …


The Tobacco Industry And The First Amendment - An Analysis Of The 1998 Master Settlement Agreement, Lori Ann Luka Jan 2000

The Tobacco Industry And The First Amendment - An Analysis Of The 1998 Master Settlement Agreement, Lori Ann Luka

Journal of Law and Health

This Note discusses and assesses the Government's likelihood of passing constitutional scrutiny with the Master Settlement Agreement's restrictions in light of the First Amendment case law. A majority of the restrictions will likely pass constitutional scrutiny because they meet the demanding requirements of Central Hudson and its progeny. The author believes that a few of the restrictions need to be more narrowly tailored in order to pass constitutional scrutiny. Suggestions on how to narrowly tailor the restrictions to comport with Central Hudson are proffered by the author. Section II provides an overview of the history of First Amendment commercial speech …


Much Ado About Spam: Unsolicited Advertising, The Internet, And You., Scot M. Graydon Jan 2000

Much Ado About Spam: Unsolicited Advertising, The Internet, And You., Scot M. Graydon

St. Mary's Law Journal

Internet users need protection from unsolicited commercial emails (UCEs), and this protection should come from federal legislation. Despite seventeen states having passed some sort of legislation regulating UCEs, this is insufficient to protect Internet users from UCEs. State laws are not uniformed and UCEs frequently cross state lines. Internet advertisers prefer commercial emails because of the ability to market to millions of consumers at a low cost. Consumers, however, suffer delays to their Internet access because of the amount of data UCEs accumulate, and in some cases may have to pay additional fees if they exceed the data limits of …


American-Arab -- Getting The Balance Wrong -- Again!, John A. Scanlan Jan 2000

American-Arab -- Getting The Balance Wrong -- Again!, John A. Scanlan

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Davis V. Monroe County Board Of Education: The Unresolved Questions,, Joan E. Schaffner Jan 2000

Davis V. Monroe County Board Of Education: The Unresolved Questions,, Joan E. Schaffner

GW Law Faculty Publications & Other Works

This article focuses on the recent trend of permitting liability of schools when students are sexually harassed, which the Supreme Court has only recognized for twenty years. I examine the majority and dissenting opinions of the Court’s most recent decision about this topic, Davis v. Monroe County Board of Education and analyze three questions brought to light by Davis and Gebser v. Lago Vista Independent School District. These questions are: (1) what qualifies as “actionable” sexual harassment, (2) who must receive notice, and (3) what satisfies the “deliberate indifference” standard from Davis. The answers to these questions are just …


Resolving Tensions Between Copyright And The Internet, Walter Effross Jan 2000

Resolving Tensions Between Copyright And The Internet, Walter Effross

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


The Primacy Of Political Actors In Accommodation Of Religion, William K. Kelley Jan 2000

The Primacy Of Political Actors In Accommodation Of Religion, William K. Kelley

Journal Articles

This article focuses on the relationship between freedom of religion and the norm against non-establishment of religion in the context of government efforts to accommodate religious practices. It analyzes First Amendment doctrine in this area, and concludes that the Supreme Court has consistently been generous in permitting accommodations of religion when they are the product of judicial decisions; in other words, at least until recently the Court has been open to mandatory accommodations so long as they are ordered by judges. By contrast, the Court has long been suspicious of - and far from generous in permitting - accommodations as …


Separation And Schools, Kent Greenawalt Jan 2000

Separation And Schools, Kent Greenawalt

Faculty Scholarship

In commenting on these rich papers by Michel Troper and Michael McConnell, I first analyze the implications of legal and political theory for religious liberty and separation of church and state. I then turn to underlying premises of modern liberal theory about moral education and tolerance among citizens. Lastly, I concentrate on separation as it affects the schooling of children. Despite Professor Troper's emphasis on the uniqueness of French understanding and history, I was struck by how closely French problems about schooling, and their possible resolutions, resemble those in the United States.


Constitutional Law: Vouchers, Sectarian Schools, And Constitutional Uncertainty: Choices For The Unites States Supreme Court And The States, Catharine V. Ewing Jan 2000

Constitutional Law: Vouchers, Sectarian Schools, And Constitutional Uncertainty: Choices For The Unites States Supreme Court And The States, Catharine V. Ewing

Oklahoma Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Religious Liberty Protection Act: The Validity Of Using Congress' Commerce And Spending Powers To Protect Religion, Jennifer Dorton Jan 2000

The Religious Liberty Protection Act: The Validity Of Using Congress' Commerce And Spending Powers To Protect Religion, Jennifer Dorton

Cleveland State Law Review

Although the Religious Liberty Protection Act appears, on its face, to be simple, there are many constitutional issues which call into question the validity of the proposed bill. This note will focus on the constitutional problems of using Congress' commerce and spending powers to protect religion. It will examine the problem of attaching religious conditions to the States' receipt of federal funds, and the potential problem that may result from using the spending power to protect religious exercise. The note then turns to the commerce clause justification for the RLPA. It will point out the major flaw in using the …


The Path Of American Religious Liberty: From The Original Theology To Formal Neutrality And An Uncertain Future, Daniel O. Conkle Jan 2000

The Path Of American Religious Liberty: From The Original Theology To Formal Neutrality And An Uncertain Future, Daniel O. Conkle

Indiana Law Journal

Symposium: Religious Liberty at the Dawn of a New Millennium held at Indiana University School of Law-Bloomington on April 9, 1999.