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Ethics

2015

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Good Selves And Just Wars, John Coons Dec 2015

Good Selves And Just Wars, John Coons

John Coons

No abstract provided.


The Ethical Limits Of Discrediting The Truthful Witness: How Modern Ethics Rules Fail To Prevent Truthful Witnesses From Being Discredited Through Unethical Means, Todd A. Berger Dec 2015

The Ethical Limits Of Discrediting The Truthful Witness: How Modern Ethics Rules Fail To Prevent Truthful Witnesses From Being Discredited Through Unethical Means, Todd A. Berger

Marquette Law Review

Whether the criminal defense attorney may ethically discredit the truthful witness on cross-examination and later during closing argument has long been an area of controversy in legal ethics. The vast majority of scholarly discussion on this important ethical dilemma has examined it in the abstract, focusing on the defense attorney’s dual roles in a criminal justice system that is dedicated to searching for the truth while simultaneously requiring zealous advocacy even for the guiltiest of defendants. Unlike these previous works, this particular Article explores this dilemma from the perspective of the techniques that criminal defense attorney’s use on ...


Legal Education After Law School: Lessons From Scotland And Englan, Clark D. Cunningham Nov 2015

Legal Education After Law School: Lessons From Scotland And Englan, Clark D. Cunningham

Clark D. Cunningham

This Article addresses the issue of the needed collaboration between law schools and law firms about legal education after law school. The author proposes pilot projects be launched to increase collaboration between legal academics and law firms in the provision of legal education after law school. The Article suggests that the programs emulate the close partnerships that exist between the legal academy and legal profession in England and Scotland. The Article acknowledges why the training of lawyers is different now than in the past. The author compares the American law firm training programs with the post school education that takes ...


The Wild Mid-West: Missouri Ethics And Campaign Finance Under A Narrowed Corruption Regime, Dan Schnurbusch Nov 2015

The Wild Mid-West: Missouri Ethics And Campaign Finance Under A Narrowed Corruption Regime, Dan Schnurbusch

Missouri Law Review

This Note explores some of the history of Missouri’s attempts at ethics reform, recent developments in Missouri’s ethics legislation and federal First Amendment jurisprudence, and how these issues commingle to produce a dangerous climate in which to operate a representative democracy. This Note confronts some of the Supreme Court’s conclusions in both Citizens United and McCutcheon, exposes some of the deleterious societal and legal effects of these rulings, and provides some possible courses of action that Missouri and other states might undertake in order to help lay the groundwork for upholding meaningful campaign finance regulation in the ...


Table Of Contents: Annual Survey 2015 Nov 2015

Table Of Contents: Annual Survey 2015

University of Richmond Law Review

No abstract provided.


Twenty Seconds To Comply: Autonomous Weapon Systems And The Recognition Of Surrender, Robert Sparrow Oct 2015

Twenty Seconds To Comply: Autonomous Weapon Systems And The Recognition Of Surrender, Robert Sparrow

International Law Studies

Would it be ethical to deploy autonomous weapon systems (AWS) if they were unable to reliably recognize when enemy forces had surrendered? I suggest that an inability to reliably recognize surrender would not prohibit the ethical deployment of AWS where there was a limited window of opportunity for targets to surrender between the launch of the AWS and its impact. However, the operations of AWS with a high degree of autonomy and/or long periods of time between release and impact are likely to remain controversial until they have the capacity to reliably recognize surrender.


Carter Snead Lecture "Physician Assisted Suicide: Objections In Principle And In Prudence", O. Carter Snead Oct 2015

Carter Snead Lecture "Physician Assisted Suicide: Objections In Principle And In Prudence", O. Carter Snead

O. Carter Snead

Professor Carter Snead delivered a lecture “The Law, Ethics and Public Policy of Assisted Suicide: Arguments in Principle and Prudence” and a panelist at Fostering Better Relationships Between Doctors and Lawyers: Practical Case Panels to the full pediatric medical staff (physicians and residents) at the monthly Pediatric Grand Rounds of the Medical University of South Carolina (located in Charleston, S.C.) September 25.


Equality Of Arms In Arbitration: Cost And Benefits, William Park Oct 2015

Equality Of Arms In Arbitration: Cost And Benefits, William Park

Faculty Scholarship

Depending on context and content, a regulatory framework can either help or hinder efforts to enhance aggregate social and economic welfare. Lively debate has arisen with respect to the net effects of two recent sets of directives for lawyer comportment in cross-border arbitration, the first being Guidelines adopted by the International Bar Association, the second contained in new arbitration rules promulgated by the London Court of International Arbitration. Each instrument aims to promote a more level playing field on matters where legal cultures differ, such as document production and counsel independence. Each has caused thoughtful commentators to question the need ...


Judicial Interpretation Of State Ethics Rules Under The Mcdade Amendment: Do Federal Or State Courts Get The Last Word?, Hopi Costello Oct 2015

Judicial Interpretation Of State Ethics Rules Under The Mcdade Amendment: Do Federal Or State Courts Get The Last Word?, Hopi Costello

Fordham Law Review

The McDade Amendment ("the Act") is a federal law that requires federal prosecutors to abide by the state ethics rules of the jurisdiction in which they practice. The Act does not say, however, whether federal or state courts are definitive when it comes to interpreting state ethics rules as they apply to federal prosecutors. Those testifying before Congress raised this issue and noted that the Act left the issue unresolved. Despite this, Congress did not address this matter in either its legislative history or in the Act itself. No court has tackled this question and scholarship attends to it only ...


Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Fall 2015 Oct 2015

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Fall 2015

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter

No abstract provided.


The Moral Lawyer And The Machiavellian Nature Of Law Practice, David Barnhizer Sep 2015

The Moral Lawyer And The Machiavellian Nature Of Law Practice, David Barnhizer

David Barnhizer

In Western culture the name Niccolo Machiavelli has become Machiavellianism, a pejorative signifying the willingness to do anything to achieve desired ends. American lawyers do have limits, however, and are expected to operate according to an ethical code that is at least intended to prevent the worst abuses. The effectiveness of this ethical code has often been questioned, as have the questionable efforts of the organized bar to enforce its rules, but on the surface it differentiates law practice from hand-to-hand combat and military struggles. Even though I have sometimes used the concepts of the warrior lawyer, the general and ...


“Because That's Where The Money Is”: A Theory Of Corporate Legal Compliance, William C. Bradford Sep 2015

“Because That's Where The Money Is”: A Theory Of Corporate Legal Compliance, William C. Bradford

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

The study and regulation of firms per se as agents of compliance may be misguided. Firms are abstractions that exist only in the legal, and not the natural, sense, and, as such, utterly lack decisional capacity. Firms do not decide whether to comply with law; people, specifically officers who exercise decisional authority on their behalf, do. Any theory that would explain or predict firm compliance must account for the individual level of analysis. However, most corporate legal compliance research minimizes the salience of personality. Accordingly, Part II traces associations between personalities of CEOs and firm compliance with obligations arising under ...


Judicial Rhetoric & Lawyers' Roles, Samuel J. Levine Sep 2015

Judicial Rhetoric & Lawyers' Roles, Samuel J. Levine

Samuel J. Levine

Notwithstanding the rich scholarly literature debating the proper roles of lawyers and the precise contours of lawyers’ ethical conduct, as a descriptive matter, the American legal system operates as an adversarial system, premised in part upon clear demarcations between the functions of different lawyers within the system. Broadly speaking, prosecutors have the distinct role of serving justice, which includes the duty to try to convict criminal defendants who are deserving of punishment, in a way that is consistent with both substantive and procedural justice. In contrast, private attorneys have a duty to zealously represent the best interests of their clients ...


Ethical Issues In Business And The Lawyer's Role, Robert Rhee, Carol Morgan, Tamar Frankel, Mark Fagan Sep 2015

Ethical Issues In Business And The Lawyer's Role, Robert Rhee, Carol Morgan, Tamar Frankel, Mark Fagan

Robert Rhee

The remarks by Professor Rhee "The Stand Alone Course Approach to Teaching Business Ethics," Professor Morgan "Teaching Business Ethics in Transactional Skills Courses: An Integrated Approach," and Professors Tamar Frankel and Mark Fagan "Teaching Business Ethics: A Collaborative Approach" were made at the conference on "Transactional Education: What's Next?" held at Emory University School of Law, June 4, 2010.


The Future Of Governmental Ethics: Law And Morality, Jon L. Mills Aug 2015

The Future Of Governmental Ethics: Law And Morality, Jon L. Mills

Jon L. Mills

Based on a speech presented at the 16th International Symposium on Economic Crime, Cambridge University, England September 13-19, 1998.


Session One: Limits On Misleading Conduct, Thomas Zlaket, William Reece Smith Jr., Nathan Crystal, Amy R. Mashburn Aug 2015

Session One: Limits On Misleading Conduct, Thomas Zlaket, William Reece Smith Jr., Nathan Crystal, Amy R. Mashburn

Amy R. Mashburn

A Transcript Featuring the Honorable Thomas Zlaket, Wm. Reece Smith, Jr., Esq., Professor Nathan Crystal, and Professor Amy Mashburn, Moderator from the symposium - Ethical Issues in Settlement Negotiations, Session One: Limits on Misleading Conduct.


Panel: Ethical Dilemmas: Finding Common Ground On Controversial Issues, Lesley Blackner, Richard C. Foltz, Brion Blackwelder, Lisa C. Schiavinato, Alyson C. Flournoy Aug 2015

Panel: Ethical Dilemmas: Finding Common Ground On Controversial Issues, Lesley Blackner, Richard C. Foltz, Brion Blackwelder, Lisa C. Schiavinato, Alyson C. Flournoy

Alyson Flournoy

This panel discussion applied ethics to the theme of the 8th Annual Public Interest Environmental Conference. Panelists examined ways ethics may help reconcile industry (such as business and development) with environmentalism.


Military Professionals As Guardians Of The Republic: The Hidden Promise Of Huntington’S The Soldier And The State, Robert E. Atkinson Jr. Aug 2015

Military Professionals As Guardians Of The Republic: The Hidden Promise Of Huntington’S The Soldier And The State, Robert E. Atkinson Jr.

Robert E. Atkinson Jr.

This paper is the first step in developing a neo-classical theory of the military officer corps as a functionalist profession. It unpacks the central paradox of Samuel P. Huntington’s The Soldier and the State: Why does an account that begins with a call for a highly professionalized officer corps to obey the orders of any legally legitimate civilian regime end with the promise that humanity can achieve both security and redemption if all the nations of the world adopt core military values? How can “militarize the military,” Huntington’s solution to the classical question of civilian/ military relations – Plato ...


4th Biennial Employment Law Institute, Carol Pate Palmore, Robert D. Hudson, J. Whitney Wallingford Iii, James D. Moyer, Walter F. Skiba Jr., Richard E. Blanchard, Richard G. Griffith, Linda Scholle Cowan, Matthew R. Westfall, Carolyn S. Bratt, Richard C. Stephenson, Paula J. Shives, Robert J. Reid, Marvin L. Coan, Jon L. Fleischaker, Joseph M. Hood, William H. Fortune, John Frith Stewart, Donna King Perry, Donald P. Wagner Aug 2015

4th Biennial Employment Law Institute, Carol Pate Palmore, Robert D. Hudson, J. Whitney Wallingford Iii, James D. Moyer, Walter F. Skiba Jr., Richard E. Blanchard, Richard G. Griffith, Linda Scholle Cowan, Matthew R. Westfall, Carolyn S. Bratt, Richard C. Stephenson, Paula J. Shives, Robert J. Reid, Marvin L. Coan, Jon L. Fleischaker, Joseph M. Hood, William H. Fortune, John Frith Stewart, Donna King Perry, Donald P. Wagner

William H. Fortune

Materials from the 4th Biennial Employment Law Institute held by UK/CLE in June 1994.


Sex And The Attorney-Client Relationship: An Argument For A Prophylactic Rule, Nancy E. Goldberg Jul 2015

Sex And The Attorney-Client Relationship: An Argument For A Prophylactic Rule, Nancy E. Goldberg

Akron Law Review

In this paper, I argue that the initiation of sexual contact during the tenure of an attorney-client relationship is unethical and should be explicitly proscribed by the rules governing professional conduct. Although such behavior may be implicitly prohibited by existing disciplinary provisions, I advocate the promulgation of a bright line rule. Drawing such a line is required by reasons similar to those applicable in the medical profession. Additional rationales exist as well, which are unique to the legal profession.

Furthermore, the focus of this paper is on sexual relationships arising after the attorney-client relationship has begun. Representation of a client ...


The American Inns Of Court: Preparing Our Students For Ethical Practice, Joryn Jenkins Jul 2015

The American Inns Of Court: Preparing Our Students For Ethical Practice, Joryn Jenkins

Akron Law Review

Despite the recognition of the merit and effectiveness of the American Inns of Court concept, and despite the rapid growth of this burgeoning movement, and despite the intrinsic involvement of over one thousand law students and of nearly one hundred law schools affiliated with Inns across the country, many legal educators are unaware of the Inns' existence, purpose, possibilities, and successes. Why should this ignorance be remedied?


Was Machiavelli Right? Lying In Negotiation And The Art Of Defensive Self-Help, Peter Reilly Jul 2015

Was Machiavelli Right? Lying In Negotiation And The Art Of Defensive Self-Help, Peter Reilly

Peter R. Reilly

The majority of law review articles addressing lying and deception in negotiation have argued, in one form or another, that liars and deceivers could be successfully reined in and controlled if only the applicable ethics rules were strengthened, and if corresponding enforcement powers were sufficiently beefed up and effectively executed. This article takes a different approach, arguing that the applicable ethics rules will likely never be strengthened, and, furthermore, that even if they were, they would be difficult to enforce in any meaningful way, at least in the context of negotiation. The article concludes that lawyers, businesspeople, and everyone else ...


Systematically Thinking About Law Firm Ethics: Conference On The Ethical Infrastructure And Culture Of Law Firms, Susan Saab Fortney Jul 2015

Systematically Thinking About Law Firm Ethics: Conference On The Ethical Infrastructure And Culture Of Law Firms, Susan Saab Fortney

Susan S. Fortney

To advance the discourse related to law firm ethics and the impact of formal controls and informal influences on lawyer conduct, we convened on April 5, 2013 the Conference on the Ethical Infrastructure and Culture of Law Firms ("Conference" or "Symposium"). The Conference, conducted under the auspices of the Hofstra Law Review and the Maurice A. Deane School of Law at Hofstra University's Institute for the Study of Legal Ethics, was funded in part by the Abraham J. Gross '78 Conference and Lecture Fund at the Maurice A. Deane School of Law at Hofstra University. Experts who have studied ...


I Don't Have Time To Be Ethical: Addressing The Effects Of Billable Hour Pressure, Susan Saab Fortney Jul 2015

I Don't Have Time To Be Ethical: Addressing The Effects Of Billable Hour Pressure, Susan Saab Fortney

Susan S. Fortney

This article discusses the unintended consequences of the billable hour derby and suggests changes to address the deleterious effects of increasing billable hour requirements. A brief introduction identifies law firms’ recent tendency to increase the billable hour requirements to fund the heightened salaries of associates. This article analyzes the results from an empirical study focused on the effects of billable hour expectations and firm cultures. Part I generally reviews the study findings. Part II discusses the work and report of the ABA Commission, while Part III indentifies those issues and approaches that the ABA and firm managers should explore. Recognizing ...


Ethics Counsel's Role In Combating The "Ostrich" Tendency, Susan Saab Fortney Jul 2015

Ethics Counsel's Role In Combating The "Ostrich" Tendency, Susan Saab Fortney

Susan S. Fortney

This article focuses on ethics problems related to hourly billing by analyzing the results of a survey of 1000 randomly selected associates in Texas firms who (1) had been licensed for ten or fewer years as of June 1999, and (2) worked in private law firms with more than ten attorneys (the Associate Survey). This article addresses the need for firm managers to clarify how and what their attorneys should bill. The article reports the results from the Associate Survey relating to billing guidance and ethics systems. From the empirical data, the article identifies a need for supervising attorneys to ...


What Should Law School Student Conduct Codes Do?, Steven K. Berenson Jul 2015

What Should Law School Student Conduct Codes Do?, Steven K. Berenson

Akron Law Review

Adopting a regulatory function as the primary goal of a law school code seems appropriate. In light of that goal, this article next attempted to present the broad outlines of a code that would serve that goal. Such a code would provide for an initial investigatory phase regarding alleged code violations, with students playing the key role in this and subsequent phases of the process under the code, in order to determine that only meritorious allegations be pursued...Perhaps in light of the possible objectives of a law school code discussed in the beginning of this article, the ultimate objectives ...


Why Lawyers Are Different And Why We Are The Same: Creating Structural Incentives In Large Law Firms To Promote Ethical Behavior - In-House Ethics Counsel, Bill Padding, And In-House Ethics Training, Ronald D. Rotunda Jul 2015

Why Lawyers Are Different And Why We Are The Same: Creating Structural Incentives In Large Law Firms To Promote Ethical Behavior - In-House Ethics Counsel, Bill Padding, And In-House Ethics Training, Ronald D. Rotunda

Akron Law Review

In many ways, lawyers are different than other people. In other ways, we are, sadly, so much the same. What we often call “legal ethics” or “professional responsibility” is the law governing the practice of law. This law serves to make us different, but our compliance with it struggles against the fact that we are not born different: we struggle with the same demons as other mortals, and like them, we learn to rationalize our failings. And, when we believe that no one is looking, when we are anonymous, we are more likely to rationalize. The structure of the large ...


Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Summer 2015 Jul 2015

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Summer 2015

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter

No abstract provided.


The Legal Status Of Charter Schools In State Statutory Law, Preston C. Green Iii, Bruce D. Baker, Joseph O. Oluwole Jun 2015

The Legal Status Of Charter Schools In State Statutory Law, Preston C. Green Iii, Bruce D. Baker, Joseph O. Oluwole

University of Massachusetts Law Review

Given the recent increase in charter schools as an alternative to the traditional public education system, this Article explores the legal status and position of charter schools. Charter schools exhibit many characteristics of private schools, particularly in terms of management, but also retain many public school features. Thus, this Article explores areas of the law where charter schools were either classified as public or private in terms of state statutes or regulations, discussing recent and some pending litigation. First, this Article discusses whether charter schools, charter school boards and officials, or educational management organizations which manage charter schools are entitled ...


Not The City Of God: The Multiplicity Of Wrongs And Rules, Geoffrey C. Hazard Jr. Jun 2015

Not The City Of God: The Multiplicity Of Wrongs And Rules, Geoffrey C. Hazard Jr.

Akron Law Review

The message I seek to transmit is a cautionary observation, perhaps a complaint, about prevailing method of analysis of ethical issues, including the subcategory of ethics that consists of law. The prevailing method is patterned on the experimental technique in scientific analysis. I want to suggest that the method is inadequate for dealing satisfactorily with real world ethical and legal problems, and indeed can distort analysis and often lead to unsound conclusions.